Robert Tomes.

Battles of America by sea and land. With biographies of naval and military commanders (Volume 01) online

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the ambuscade for Braddock was contrived by, 82.

Deborre, Gen., ill conduct of, at the battle of the
Brandywine, 534, 535.

De Bougainville, retreat of, at Quebec, 130.

Declaration of Independence, adoption of, 303 ; read
to the American army in New York, 305.

De Grasse, Admiral, arrives with a fleet in the Chesa
peake, 896 ; fight between his fleet and that of Ad
miral Graves, 905 ; Lafayette urged by, to attack
Cornwallis, 907; interview of Washington with,908 ;




urged to aid in the siege of Yorktown, 909 ; sub
sequent career of (note), 924.

De Heister, Hessians under, at the battle of Long
Island, 324 ; surrender of Lord Stirling to, 329.

De Kalb, Baron, arrives at Charleston, S. C., 506;
made a major-general, 508 ; march of troops under,
from Morristown to the South, 736 ; superseded by
Gates in command of the Southern army, 737 ; at
the. battle of Camden, 741 ; mortally wounded at the
battle of Camden biographical notice of (note), 743.

Delancey, Oliver, biographical notice of, 360 ; efforts
of, to raise recruits among the tories on Long Island,
361 ; expedition planned by Washington against the
loyalists under, at Morrisania, 898

Delaplace, Capt., Ticonderoga surrendered by, 155.

Delaware, surrender of the, to the British, 585.

Delaware river, crossed by the retreating army of
Washington arrival of the troops of Cornwallis at,
405 ; efforts of Washington to prevent the British
from crossing, 416; obstructions placed in, and forts
on, 579 ; efforts of Sir W. Howe to secure the com
mand of, 580, 584, 587 ; American vessels destroyed
on, 591, 626, 671.

Delawares and Shawnees, singular origin of a war
between, 650.

De Levi, defeats Gen. Murray, near Quebec, 133.

Denison, Col., surrenders Fort Forty to Col. John
Butler, 655.

De Peyster. Capt. , surrender of, at King s mountain,
after the death of Col. Ferguson, 800.

D Estaing, Count, too late to cage Lord Howe in the
Delaware biographical notice of, 658 ; in pursuit
of Howe s fleet fears to attack Howe within Sandy
Hook sails for Newport single vessels of Byron s
fleet escape, 659; swears at the English luck, 660; sails
out of Newport to fight the fleet of Howe, 661 ; fleet
of, dispersed by a storm, 662 ; returns to Newport
determines to return to Boston, to refit indigna
tion of Sullivan at the conduct of offence taken by,
at Sullivan, 663 ; letter written by, to Congress
officers of the fleet of, hooted in the streets of Bos
ton, 664 ; co-operates with Lincoln in the siege of
Savannah, 714 ; the siege raised through the obsti
nacy of, 717 ; returns to France, 718.

Destouches, M., naval forces sent by, to blockade
Arnold in Portsmouth, 843; blockaded by the British
in Newport driven away from the Chesapeake by
Admiral Arbuthnot, 844.

DeVaudreuil, his conduct after Montcalm s defeat, 131.

De Villiers, Fort Necessity surrendered to, 43.

Dickenson, Gen. Phil., performs a gallant action, 448.

Dieskau, Baron, approach of, to Lake George, 88 ; de
feated by Col. William Johnson, at Lake George, 89.

Dillon, Count, at the siege of Savannah, 717.

Dobbs ferry, Gen. Howe with the main body of his
army at supplies sent to, by Lord Howe, 384 ;
Washington joined by Rochambeau at, 898.

Donop, Count, defeat and death of, at Fort Mercer, 586 ;
flight of the troops of, to Haddonfield, 587.

Dorchester, S. C., abandoned by the garrison, on the
approach of Lee and Hampton, 874; British garrison
driven out of, by Greene, 894.

Dorchester heights, preparations of Washington for
an attempt upon, 243 ; description of the occupation
of, 244; attempt to dislodge Washington from,
given up by Howe, 247.

Doyle, Major, succeeds Col. Stewart after the battle of
Eutaw Springs, 891 ; ravages of, on the Santee and
Congaree, 893.

Drake, sloop-of war, captured by Paul Jones, 669.

Duchambon, the surrender of Louisburg demanded
from, by Pepperell and Warren, 27.

Ducoudray, M. , claims of, to command American ar
tillery drowned while crossing the Schuylkill, 471.

Dunbar, Col. Thomas, in command of one of Brad-
dock s regiments, 54 ; panic in the camp of, after
Braddock s defeat, 81 ; cowardly retreat of, 84.

Dundas, Col. , associated with Arnold in his expedition
to Virginia, 820.

Dunmore, Lord, refuge taken by, on board a ship- of -
war his attempt on Hampton defeated joined by
tories from Norfolk, 239 ; Norfolk cannonaded and
burned by, 240 ; departure of, to St. Augustine, 241.

Duplessis, strengthens the defenses at Fort Mercer, 585.

Duquesne, Marquis, forts established by, in 1753, 33.

EDEN, W., British commissioner to the United States,


Edge hill, near Philadelphia, skirmish at, in 1777, 596.
Edge worth, Maria, notice of (note), 762.
Edgeworth, Richard Lovell, notice of (note), 761.
Edmondston, Capt., death of , at King s mountain, 800.
Eggleston, Major, at the battle of Eutaw Springs, 888.
Elizabethtown, British incursion to, from Staten

Island, 721.

Elk river, Howe s troops land on the, in 1777, 530.
Emerson, Rev. W., describes the camp at Cambridge,

Enos, Col. , deserts Arnold on his Quebec expedition,

Erskine, Sir W., with Try on in his attack on Danbury,


Esopus, burned by the British under Vaughan, 553.
Eutaw Springs, retreat of the British under Stewart

to, 883 ; battle of, 884 ; killed and wounded at, 890.
Eyre, Col., mortally wounded at Fort Griswold, 906.
Eyres, Major, his defense of Fort William Henry, 98.

FAIRFAX, Bryan, visits Washington at Valley Forge,


Fail-field, Conn. , laid in ashes by the British, 698.
Fairlawn, British at, surrender to Col. Shelby, 893,



Falmouth, bombardment and burning of, in 1775, 215.

Ferguson, Capt., expedition against Little Egg Harbor
intrusted to Pulaski s force surprised by, 675.

Ferguson, Col. Patrick, humanity of, 726 ; defeat and
death of, at King s mountain, 800.

Ferguson, Adam, British commissioner to the United
States, 629 ; refused a passport to Congress, 630.

Fitzgerald, Col., at the battle of Princeton, 434.

Five Nations, influence of Col. Wm. Johnson with, 88.

Flatbusli, night-march of Gen. Clinton from, 326.

Fleury, Capt. Louis, horse presented to, by Congress,
535 ; at the capture of Stony Point, 700.

Forbes, Gen., expedition of, against Fort Duquesne, 105.

Fordham heights, Howe s army encamped on, 386.

Fordyce, Capt., death of, at the head of grenadiers, in
a conflict with Virginia riflemen, 240.

Fort Clinton, defense of, against Sir H. Clinton, by
Gen. James Clinton, 550 ; surrender of, 552.

Fort Clinton, at West Point, erected by Kosciusko, 624.

Fort Constitution, opposite West Point, 286.

Fort Duquesne, constructed by Mercier, in 1754, 40 ;
determination of Gen. Braddock to proceed against,
56; feeble garrison of, 82; expedition against, under
Gen. Forbes, 105 ; taken by Forbes in 1758, 10G.

Fort Edward, the Northern army at, after St. Glair s
defeat miserable condition of the army at, 489 ;
Burgoyne determines to make a road through the
forest to, 500 : arrival of Burgoyne at, 512.

Fort Forty, at Wyoming, capitulation of refuge taken
in, by the survivors of the Wyoming massacre, 655.

Fort Frontenac, capture of, by Col. Bradstreet, 105.

Fort Granby, near Columbia, surrender of, 863.

Fort Griswold, defense of, by Col. Wm. Ledyard, 906.

Fort Hardy, the scene of Burgoyne s surrender, 573.

Fort Independence, summons of General Heath dis
regarded by the garrison of, 439.

Fort Johnson, near Charleston, 289.

Fort Lee, evacuation of, by Gen. Greene, 394.

Fort Levi, on Isle Royale, surrender of, in 1760, 133.

Fort Mercer, defense of, by Col. Greene death of
Count Donop at, 586 ; insufficient reinforcements
sent to, 587 ; taken by Cornwallis, 591.

Fort Mifflin, defense of, by Col. Smith. 587; batteries
erected against, on Province island, 588; guns of the
British Fleet brought to bear upon killed and
wounded at, 589.

Fort Montgomery, in command of Col. Jas. Clinton,
286 ; boom and chain recommended to be placed
across the Hudson at, 477 ; defense of, by Gov. G.
Clinton, 550 ; service rendered by Col. Lamb, in the
defense of, 551 ; surrender of, 552.

Fort Motte. surrender of, to Gen. Marion, 863.

Fort Moultrie. (See Fort Sullivan.)

Fort Necessity, constructed by Washington, 41 ; the
attack of the French awaited by Washington at, 42,
43 ; surrender of, 43 ; terms of capitulation at, 44 ;
destroyed by the French, 45

Fort Ontario, taken by Montcalm, 95.

Fort Schuyler, movements of Arnold for the relief of,
526 ; siege of, abandoned by Col. St. Leger, 527, 528.

Fort Stanwix, invested by Col. St. Leger defense of,
by Col. Gansevoort efforts to relieve, 512 ; sortie
made from, 513. (See Fort Schuyler )

Fort Sullivan, in Charleston harbor, erected by Col.
Moultrie, 289 ; attack upon, 292 ; British cannonade
upon, 295 ; name of, changed to Fort Moultrie, 296.

Fort Washington, works at, under the superintendence
of Gen. Mifflin, 297 ; useless for the defense of the
Hudson, 307 ; Col. Magaw left in charge of, 375 ;
doiibts as to the utility of holding, 384 ; Greene and
Magaw in favor of defending, 385 ; investment of,
385, 386 ; condition of force of the defenders of
disposition of the British forces when attacking, 887;
attempt of Washington to reach, from Fort Lee
inadequacy of the defenses of, 388 ; simultaneous
attack of the British upon, 390 ; the attack npon,
witnessed from Fort Lee, 391 ; surrender of, 392 ;
name of, changed to Knyphausen prisoners taken
in, sent to New York loss sustained by the British
at the capture of, 393 ; treatment of the prisoners
taken at, 441.

Fort Watson, expedition of Marion and Lee agaiust
singular expedient adopted by the besiegers of, 855.

Fort William Henry, Vaudreuil s expedition against,
97 ; defense of, by Major Eyres, 98 ; capitulation
of, 99.

France, arrival of arms from, in 1777, 457 ; change in
the policy of, after the surrender of Burgoyne
independence of the United States acknowledged
by, 576 ; arrival at Valley Forge of the news of the
treaty with, 626 ; measures taken by the British on
becoming aware of the American treaty with, 627 ;
anniversary of the alliance with, celebrated in the
American camp, 683.

Franklin, Benjamin, visits Gen. Braddock at Fred-
ericktown, 59 ; conversation of, with Braddock
undertakes to procure wagons for the British army,
60 ; commendation bestowed upon, by Braddock
luxuries procured by, for Dunbar s and Halket s
subalterns, 61 ; his doubts of Braddock s success,
85 ; visits the American camp, at Cambridge, 216 ;
payment made to, by the Massachusetts general
court, for services in England money sent by the
hands of, from England, for the sufferers by the
battle of Lexington, 217 ; early intimacy of Admiral
Howe with, 309 ; pungent reply of, to a letter of
Lord Howe, 342 ; journey of, from Philadelphia to
Staten Island, 344 ; sharp remark made by, to Lord
Howe, 345 ; remark of, respecting the entrance of
the British into Philadelphia, 606 ; aid furnished by,
in fitting out Paul Jones squadron in France, 702.

Fraser, Gen., defeat of Gen. Thompson by, at Three
Rivers 277 ; commands a division of Burgoyne s
army, 485 ; attacks Francis and Warner, at




Hubbardton, 496 ; mortally wounded at Bemis
heights, 557 ; dying request of, 561 ; Burgoyne s
description of the burial of American honor to the
memory of, 562.

Fredericksburg, encampment of Washington at, 673.

Fry, Col. Joshua, in command of troops sent to the
Ohio, in 1754, 34 ; death of, at Will s creek, 41.


GABROWSKT, Count, killed at Fort Montgomery, 552.

Gadsden, Col., in command of Fort Johnson, near
Charleston, 289 ; refuses liberty on parole, 793.

Gage, Col. and Gen., with Braddock at the Mononga-
hela, 76 ; appointed governor of Massachusetts, 137;
American colonists not understood by, 138 ; design
of, to seize arms and ammunition at Concord artil
lery and ammunition belonging to the city of Boston
seized by, 140 ; passes refused by force under the
command of, 160 ; proclamation issued by, 161 ;
alarm of, after the battle of Breed s hill, 181 ; suf
ferings of the army of, 190 ; a comrade of Washing
ton in Braddock s campaign correspondence with,
in relation to prisoners, 192 ; superseded by Gen.
Howe. 215.

Gainey, Major, surprised by Gen. Marion, 812.

Gansevoort, Col. P., in command of Fort Stanwix, 512.

Gardner, Col., death of, at Breed s hill, 177.

Garth, Gen., ravages of, in Connecticut, in conjunction
with Tryon, 697.

Gates, Horatio, appointed major-general, biographical
notice of, 282 ; letter of, to Charles Lee, 283 ; com
mand of the Northern army claimed by, 284 ; claims
of, resisted by Gen. Schuyler, 285 ; troops sent by,
to reinforce Washington, intercepted by Gen. Lee,

407 ; urged by Washington to hasten to Pittstown,

408 ; affected by the capture of Lee arrival of,
at the Delaware suspicions of, 413 ; junction of
his division with that of Washington, 414 ; conduct
of, on the eve of the attempt upon Trenton, 417;
unwilling to accept the position of adjutant-general,
458 ; supersedes Schuyler in command of the North
ern army, 459 ; restores the command to Schuyler,
481 ; requested to withdraw from the floor of Con
gress, 482 ; appointed by Congress to supersede
Schuyler in command of the Northern army popu
larity of, in New England letter of, describing the
condition of his command, 524 ; charges of cruelty
made by, denied by Burgoyne, 525 ; army of, large
ly reinforced officers under the command of, 537 ;
scarcity of ammunition in the camp of, 546 ; urged
by Arnold to attack Burgoyne, 555 ; his slow pur
suit of Burgoyne, 564 ; follows Burgoyne to the
Fishkill, 566 ; mistaken movement ordered by, on
Burgoyne s camp, 570 ; his courtesy towards Burg
oyne, at his surrender, 573 ; his movements towards
Albany, to meet Gen. Vaughan, 576 ; withholds re
inforcements from Washington, 587, 590 ; improper

conduct of, towards Washington, 613 ; appointed
to command the forces in the South, 736 ; prophetic
caution given to, by Gen. Lee precipitate march
of, to meet Lord RaAvdon at Camden, 737 ; priva
tions suffered by the troops of, on the march, 738,
739 ; detachment sent by, to reinforce Gen. Sumter
reinforced by Gen. Stevens, with Virginia militia
junction of the army of, with Gen. Caswell s
militia, 739 ; unexpected meeting of, with Corn-
wallis army, 740 ; total defeat of, 743 ; miserable
condition of the wreck of his army, 745 ; British as
cendency established in the South by the defeat of
humiliation of, 746 ; wretched condition of the
army of, at Hillsborough, 801 ; superseded by Gen
Greene affected by the kindness of Washington,
805 ; subsequent career of (note), 809.
George III., destruction of the leaden effigy of, at the

Bowling-Green, New York, 306.
Georgetown, on Winyaw bay, attacked and carried by

Marion, 864.

Gerard, M. , arrives in company with Silas Deane, from
France, 659 ; grand dinner given to, by Arnold, 758.
Germantown, Washington removes his camp to, 503 ;
retreat of Washington to, 578 ; encampment of Gen.
Howe at, 580 ; position of the British at plan of
attack upon the British in, 581 ; night-march to
British at, compelled to retreat battle at, lost by
delay at Chew s house, 582 ; panic among the
American troops at British nearly defeated at,
583 ; killed and wounded at retreat of Washington
from, to Perkimen creek, 584.
Gibbon, Lieut., forlorn hope led by, at the storming

of Stony Point, 700.

Gist, Braddock s guide, narrow escape of, 73.
Glasgow, a British twenty-gun ship, escape of, 269.
Gloucester, Va., investment of, by French and Amer
ican troops, 909 ; cavalry skirmish near, 910.
Glover, Col , regiment of, from Marblehead, 299 ; at
the retreat from Long island, 333 ; services of, in
removing the sick and stores, 349 ; resists Sir W.
Howe, near White Plains, 375 ; skirmishes with
Hessians, 381 ; appointed brigadier-general, 452 ;
with Gates at Stillwater, 537.

Grant, Col. and Gen., his opinion of American courage,
139 ; commands British troops on Long island, 324 ;
Stirling attacks, at the battle of Long island, 326 ;
out-manoeuvred by Lafayette at Matson s ford, 625.
Grant, Major, death of, at Ilubbardton, 496.
Graves, Admiral, attack by French and Americans
upon New York prevented by the arrival of, 754
ships of, engage those of Count de Grasse off the
capes of Virginia return of, with his crippled fleet,
to New York, 905.
Gravesend, Long island, landing of Howe s troops in

the neighborhood of, 322.

Graydon, treatment of, while a prisoner, 441 ; descrip
tion by, of Washington s camp at Morristown, 473.

9 3G



Great Meadows, a position chosen by Washington in
1754, 37 ; Fort Necessity constructed by Washington
at, 41 ; arrival of Braddock at, 72 ; death of Brad-
dock at, 81.
Great Portage, formidable obstacles presented by, to

Arnold, on his way to Quebec, 203.
Greenburg, encampment of the French and American

forces on the hills of, 898.
Greene, Col. Christopher, his defense of Fort Mercer,

586 ; murdered by Delancey s men, 851.
Greene, Nathaniel, joins the patriot army at Cam
bridge, 151 ; commands the American troops on
Long island, 319 ; sickness of, at the time of Howe s
landing, 321 ; urgency of, for the evacuation of
New York, 340 ; difficulty of, with the New York
militia, 383 ; determined to defend Fort Washing
ton, 385 ; how consoled for the loss of the fort, 393 ;
covers the retreat at the battle of the Brandy wine,
535 ; movements of, in New Jersey, on the approach
of Clinton and Knyphausen, 749, 750; supersedes
Gates in the southern department, 805 ; biographical
notice of, 806 ; movements of, in the South, 809 ;
efforts of, to join Morgan after the battle of the
Cowpens, 827 ; destitute condition of the forces
under, 828 ; British pursuit of narrow escape of
assistance rendered to, 830 ; object of, in retiring
before Cornwallis, 831 ; sufferings of the army of,
832 ; receives reinforcements Fabian policy of, 837;
attacked by Cornwallis at Guilford courthouse, 838;
retreats to Reedy fork, 840 ; retreats to Troublesome
creek pursues Cornwallis, 842 ; deserted by his
militia, 843 ; marches into South Carolina, 854 ;
surprised by Lord Rawdon at Hobkirk s hill, 856 ;
gloomy forebodings of cheered by the news that
Rawdon had determined to evacuate Camden, 861 ;
Ninety-Six besieged by, 864 ; retreat of , pursued by
Rawdon siege of Ninety-Six abandoned by, on the
approach of Rawdon, 870 ; encampment of, on the
High hills of the Santee, 873; activity of the cavalry
of , 882 ; movement of, towards Eutaw Springs, 883 ;
attacks the British at Eutaw Springs, 884 ; returns
to the High hills of the Santee reinforcements re
ceived by, 891 ; resumes offensive operations. 892 ;
attempts of, to drive the British into Charleston,
893 ; panic in the garrison of Dorchester on the ap
proach of, 894 ; peaceable evacuation of Charleston
permitted by, on conditions, 895.

" Green Mountain Boys" and the New-Hampshire
grants, 152 ; hostility of Arnold towards, 195 ; ser
vices rendered by. under Seth Warner, 201.
Grenadiers, British, burned alive by Indians, 83.
Grey, Sir C., depredations of, at New Bedford and
Martha s Vineyard, COS ; light horse under Col.
Baylor surprised by, 674.

Gridley, Col. R., marks out lines on Breed s hill, 103.
Griffin, Col., attention of Count Donop diverted by,
during the attack upon Trenton, 423

Griffiths, Rev. David, warning given to Washington
by, on the eve of the battle of Mon mouth, 638

Guilford courthouse, battle at, 838 ; killed and
wounded at a dear victory to the British, 841.

Guiiby, Col., regiment of, at Hobkirk s hill, 858.


HACKENSACK, encampment of Washington at, 386.

Hale, Capt. Nathan, hanged as a spy, 348.

Hale, Col., flight of, with a militia regiment at Hub-

bardton surrender of, to British troops, 496.
Halket, Sir Peter, colonel of one of Braddock s regi
ments, 54 ; death of, and his son, at Braddock s
defeat, 78.

Hamilton, Alexander, biographical notices of, 266, 459;
personal appearance of (note), 267 ; good conduct of,
at White Plains, 379 ; British held in check at
Brunswick by the artillery of, 405 ; received into
the military "family" of Washington, 459 ; affec
tionate treatment of, by Washington, 460 ; rein
forcements for Washington s army obtained by,
from Putnam and Gates, 590 ; Washington aband
ons the scheme of seizing the person of Clinton by
the advice of, 623 ; Arnold s treason made known
by, to Washington, 778 ; sympathy of, for Andre,
783 ; storms a British redoubt at Yorktown
misunderstanding of, with Washington (note), 913.
Hampton, Col. Wade, dragoons made prisoners by, 874.
Hancock, John, an early friend of the popular cause,
141 ; desirous to be made commander-iu-chief, 157.
Hand, Col., wheat destroyed by, on Long island, 322 ;

appointed brigadier-general by Congress, 452.
Harlem, position of both armies at the battle of, 353 ;

death of Col. Knowlton and Major Leitch at, 354.
Hartford, Washington visits, to meet Rochambeau, 763.
Haslet, Col., conduct of the Dela wares and Maryland-
era commanded by, at the battle of Long island, 327.
Haw river, party of loyalists under Col. Pyle surprised

near, 835 ; retreat of Tarleton across, 836.
Hayne, Col. Isaac, executed in Charleston, 879; case of,
similar to that of Andre proclamation issued by
Gen. Greene relative to the execution of, 881.
Hazelwood, Commodore, Hessians at Fort Mercer fired

upon by, 586 ; thanks voted to, by Congress, 587.
Heath, Gen , commands the provincials at Lexington,
148 ; biographical notice of, 375 ; forts under the
command of, 385 ; orders of Gen. Lee disregarded
by, 396 ; Lee s attempt to get two of his regiments,
401 ; certificate given to, by Lee, 402 ; letter of
Washington to, 438 ; movements of, near Fort Inde
pendence and Kingsbridge, 439 ; his conduct at
Fort Independence criticised, 440 ; appointed to
receive Rochambeau at Newport, 754.
Heights of Abraham, how ascended, by the army of

Wolfe, 127.

Henderson, Col., night-sortie made by, from Charles-
ton, 727 ; wounded at Eutaw Springs, 886.




Henley, Major Thomas, death of, in an attempt upon
Montressor s island, 358.

Henry, Patrick, urges a levy of troops in Virginia, 238.

Herkimer, Gen., efforts of, to relieve Fort Stanwix,
513 ; ambuscade laid for the troops of, 514 ; strug
gle of the troops of, with the "Johnson Greens"
death of, 515.

Hessians, ferocity of, at the battle of Long island,
329 ; surrender of, at the battle of Trenton, 422 ;
humanity of Washington towards, 440 ; their slow
march to Bennington, 518, 521, 522 ; forbidding
aspect of, to the Philadelphians, 580.

High hills of the Santee, Greene s encampment on,
873 , Greene resumes his position on, 891.

Highlands of the Hudson, militia ordered up to, 372 ;
measures taken for the protection of, 673 ; position
of Washington s army in, 701.

Hillsborough, condition of Gates army at, 801 ;
attempt of Cornwallis to raise recruits in, 833 ;
abandoned by Cornwallis, 836.

Ilinman, Capt., services of, at sea, in the Alfred, 592.

Hobkirk s hill, battle at, 856 ; losses at, 860.

Holland, independence of the United States acknow
ledged by, after the surrender of Burgoyne, 577.

Hood, Sir S., arrives with a fleet at New York, 904.

Hopkins, Commodore, cruise of, 268 ; censure of. 270.

Horseneck, salt-works destroyed by Tryon at, 696.

Howard, Col., charge of, at the battle of the Cowpens,
817 ; silver medal presented to, 818.

Howe, Admiral Lord K., arrives in New York bay
biographical notice of proclamation by his early
intimacy with Franklin, 309 ; intends to cut off the
retreat from Long island, 332 ; committee of Con
gress appointed to meet, at Staten island reply of
Franklin to a letter of, 342 ; reception by, of the
committee from Congress, 344, 345 ; conversation
of the committee with, 345 ; success of the proclam
ation issued by, 404 ; residence of, in Philadelphia,
605 ; prepares to receive D Estaing at Sandy Hook,
659 ; arrives off Rhode island, in search of D Estaing,
661 ; his fleet dispersed by a storm, 662 ; return of
his fleet to New York, to refit, 663.

Howe, Col. and Gen. Sir W., in Wolfe s expedition
against Quebec, 109 ; arrival at Boston, in 1775 160 ;
attack on Breed s hill intrusted to biographical
notice of character of, 167 ; address to his soldiers
at Breed s hill, 171 ; artillery of, at Breed s hill, 172 ;
his courage at Breed s hill, 174 ; wounded at Breed s
hill, 176 ; assumes chief command in Boston, 215 ;
fortifications strengthened by harshness towards

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