Robert Tomes.

Battles of America by sea and land. With biographies of naval and military commanders (Volume 01) online

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applied to Washington by, 678.

Skene, Major, capture of the son of discovery of the
body of the wife of, 156 ; Burgoyne advised by, to
send an expedition to Bennington, 517 ; accompanies
Col. Baume on the expedition, 518.

Skenesborough, arrival of Burgoyne s gun -boats at
efforts of Col. Long for the defense of reinforce
ments sent to, 494 ; retreat of Col. Long from, to
Fort Edward delay of Burgoyne at, 498, 500.

Smallwood, Col., appearance of the regiment of, 299 ;
Marylanders under, 320 ; regiment of, at the battle

of Long island, 328; brigade of, at the battle of Cam-
den, 741 ; commands militia of North Carolina, 803.
Smith, Col. , expedition of, to seize arms at Concord,
141, 143 ; severely wounded on his retreat from
Concord, 146 ; reinforced by Lord Percy, 147.
Smith, Col., defends Fort Miillin, 587.
Smith, Joshua Hett, instrumentality of, in procuring
a meeting between Andre and Arnold, 766, 767 ;
arrested on suspicion of complicity with Arnold, 780.
Snow s island, camp formed by Gen. Marion on, 813.
South Carolina, ravages of the British in, 694 ; ex
pedition of Sir II. Clinton against, 721 ; operations
of the patriots in, 851 ; march of Gen. Greene into,
854; conduct of militia from, at Quinby bridge, 878;
legislature of, convened by Gov. Rutledge, 894.
Spain, independence of the United States acknowl
edged by, after the surrender of Burgoyne, 577.
Specht, Gen., in command of Brunswickers, 485.
Springfield, New Jersey, burned by the British, 750.
Stacey, sailing-master on the Bon Homme Richard,

reproved by Paul Jones for profanity, 707.
Stark, John, in the garrison of Fort William Henry,
in 1757, 98 ; in the expedition against Ticonderoga,
104 ; joins the patriots after the battle of Lexington,
150 ; his coolness under fire, on his way to Bunker s
hill, 171 ; commands New-Hampshire militia
biographical notice of, 519 ; refusal of, to obey the
orders of Gen. Lincoln, 520 ; in the neighborhood
of Bennington, 520, 521 ; his plan of attack upon
Col. Baume, 521 ; celebrated speech of, 522 ; good
influence of his victory, 523 ; militia under, refuse
to remain at the battle of Bemis heights, 539.
Staten island, troops of Gen. Howe lauded on, 307 ;
great accumulation of British troops at, 316 ; tories
in, 360 ; expedition against the British on, 720.
Stephen, Gen. Adam, appointed major-general, 452.
Sterling, Gen., mortally wounded by a sentinel, 747.
Steubeu, Baron F. W. A., arrives at Valley Forge
biographical notice of, 619 ; strongly recommended
by Franklin and Deane complimentary letter of,
to Washington, 620 ; appointed inspector-general
of the American army character and personal ap
pearance of, 621 ; important services rendered to
the American army by, 622 ; evidence of the value
of his labors, 684 ; Arnold pursued by, 827 ; driven
by Phillips and Arnold across the Appomattox, 845;
deception practised upon, by Col. Simcoe, at the
point of York junction of, with Wayne and Laf
ayette, 849 ; at the siege of Yorktown, 911.
Stevens, Gen., at the battle of Camden, 741 ; wounded

at the battle of Guilford courthouse, 840.
Stewart, Col., succeeds Rawdon at Orangeburg, 879 ;
retreat of, to Eutaw Springs, 883 ; attacked by Gen.
Greene at Eutaw Springs, 884 ; wounded at Eutaw
Springs, 890; command of, devolved on Major Doyle,
891 ; ravages of, in South Carolina, 892 ; succeeded
by Gen. Leslie, 894.




Stillwater, American army at, under Gates, 512, 537.

Stirling, Col. , takes the works at Billingsport, 585.

Stirling, Lord, in command of the troops in New York
biographical notice of, 259 ; attacks Gen. Grant,
326 ; caught between the troops of Grant and Corn-
wallis, 328 ; surrender of, 82!) ; sent to New Jersey
with the Virginia and Maryland regiments, 385 ;
appointed major-general, 452 ; chosen to conduct an
expedition against Staten island, 720.

Stobo, Capt. R. , left as a hostage at Fort Necessity, 44.

Stockton, Major, and New-Jersey royalists, made pris
oners by Col. Nielson, 454.

Stony Point, capture of, by Sir II. Clinton, 695 ; history
of the capture of, by Wayne, 699 ; losses at
abandoned by Washington reoccupied by Sir II.
Clinton, 701 ; medals to Wayne and others, engaged
in the storming of, 712.

Sugar-loaf hill, fortification of, urged by Col. Trum-
bull, 488 ; importance of, discovered by Burgoyne,
491 ; taken possession of, by Gen. Phillips christ
ened " Mount Defiance" by the British, 492.

Sullivan, Gen. John, supersedes Wooster in Canada,
262 ; biographical notice of, 274 ; letter of, from
Canada, 275; Washington s opinion of Gen Thomp
son sent by, to attack the British at Three Rivers,
276 ; contradictory dispatches of, 277, 278 ; retreat
of, from Canada, 279 ; in charge of troops on Long
island, 322 ; negligence of, in not sending out
patrols, 326 ; surrender of, 329 ; anxiety of, for the
loss of the battle of Long island, 330 ; sent on board
Lord Howe s ship, 336 ; sent with a verbal message
from Lord Howe to Congress, 336-342 ; Adams
opinion of his mission from Howe to Congress, 347;
junction of, with Washington, near Coryell s ferry,
414 ; letter of Washington to, 456 ; letter conveyed
to, urging him to betray the American cause, 482 ;
charged with ill conduct at Staten island, 530 ; at
the battle of the Brandywine, 531 ; route of the di
vision of, at the battle of the Brandywine, 534 ; his
conduct at the battle of the Brandywine. 536 ; ex
pedition against the British on Rhode island under
the command of, 660 ; movements of, without the
co operation of D Estaing, 661, 662 ; indignation of,
at the conduct of D Estaing, 663 ; deserted by his
militia skilful retreat of battle fought by, with
the British on Rhode island 664 ; escapes from
Rhode island escapes from Sir H. Clinton, 665 ;
his expedition against the Mohawks, 677.

Sullivan s island, fort erected on, by Col. Moultrie, 289.

Sumner, Gen., at the battle of Eutaw Springs, 884.

Sumter, Col. and Gen., biographical notice of, 731;
scarcity of arms and ammunition among the patriots
under royal troops defeated by, 734 ; patriots Mock
to the standard of Prince of Wales regiment cut
to pieces by, at Hanging Rock patriots encouraged
by the enterprises of, 735 ; prisoners and baggage-
wagons intercepted by rapid pursuit of, and des-


truction of his force, 744 ; pursuit of, by Tarleton
attempt of Major Wemyss to surprise, 803 ; Tarle
ton defeated by, near Tiger river, 804 ; severely
wounded, 805 ; Fort Granby invested by driven
from the investment of Fort Watson attacked by
Major Fraser, near Camden, 852 ; " Raid of the Dog-
Days, " under the command of, 873 ; attacks Col.
Coates, at Monk s Corner, 874 ; attacks Coates. at
Shubrick s plantation, 877 ; returns to the camp of
Gen. Greene, 878 ; retires from the service, 882 ; his
encounter with Gen. Cunningham, 892.

Sutherland, Major, in command at Paulus Hook, 711.

" Swamp-Fox," a title given to Gen. Marion, 812.


TALLMADGE, Major, conveys Andre to North Salem,
775 ; conversation of, with Andre, on his way to
Tappan, 781.

Tanacharisson, his advice to Ensign Ward, 35 ; his
message to Washington, 37 ; at the attack on
Jumonville, 38 ; at Fort Necessity, 41 ; deserts
Washington, 42 ; his opinion of Washington at
Fort Necessity, 45.

Tarleton, Col. B., biographical notice of death of his
cavalry-horses on the voyage from New York to
Charleston, 722 ; night-attack of, at Monk s Corner,
725 ; surprises Col. White at the Santee river, 726 ;
his massacre of troops under Col. Buford his
ferocity denounced in England, 730 ; pursues militia
at the battle of Camden, 742 ; decides the battle of
Camden, 743 ; routs Sumter s force, 745 ; defeated
by Sumter near Tiger river, 804; sent by Cornwallis
against Morgan, 814 ; pursues Davidson s riflemen,
829 ; narrow escape of Gen Greene from, 830 ; at
tempt of Pickens and Lee to surprise, 834 ; retreats
across the Haw river, 836 ; troopers of, driven back
at Guilford courthouse, 838 ; rapid ride of, from
Richmond to Charlottesville narrow escape of Jef
ferson from, 848; unhorsed in a cavalry-skirmish,
911 ; not invited to headquarters after the surrender
at Yorktown, 922 ; subsequent career of, 923.

Thayer, Major, obstinately defends Fort Mimin, 588.

Thomas, Gen., commands the American forces in
Canada, 260 ; retreats from before Quebec, pursued
by Sir G. Carleton, 261 ; death of, 262.

Thompson, Col. and Gen., attacks the British at Lech
mere s Point, 223 ; sent by Sullivan to attack the
British at Three rivers misled by his Canadian
guide, 276 ; attacked, routed and taken prisoner by
Gen. Fraser, 277.

Ticonderoga, expedition against, in 1758, 103 ; death
of Earl E. Howe at, 104 ; capture of, by Amherst,
107 ; expedition for the capture of, 152 ; capture of,
154 ; strife between Arnold and Allen for the com
mand of, 193 ; operations of Sir G. Carleton against,
195, 197 ; placed under the command of Gen. Mont
gomery, 197 ; artillery conveyed from, to Cambridge,




243 ; retreat of the American army to, 286 ; pre
parations for the defense of, against Carleton rein
forcements received at, 364 ; force collected at, by
Gen. Gates Carleton retires from small force left
at, under Gen. St. Clair, 870 ; threatening move
ments in Canada in relation to, 481 ; supposed by
Washington to be out of danger, 482, 487 ; St. Clair
ordered to, by Schuyler, 482 ; force at, inadequate
for its defense working-men and supplies sent to,
by Schuyler, 486 ; description of the bridge connect
ing, with Mount Independence, 487 ; the works at,
commanded by Sugar-loaf hill and Mount Hope,
488 ; approach of Burgoyne to, 489 ; weakness of
St. Glair s position at, 490 ; useless consumption of
powder at, 491 ; intentions of Burgoyne to invest
abandoned by St. Clair, 492 ; delight of George III.
on hearing of the capture of, 496 ; Washington
unwilling to believe the story of the loss of, 497 ;
Washington misinformed as to St. Clair s means of
defense at, 498 ; abandonment of, justified, 499.

Townshend, Col. George, in Wolfe s expedition against
Quebec, 109 ; suggestions of, adopted by Wolfe, 121 ;
assumes command on the death of Wolfe retreat
of De Bougainville before, 130.

Trenton, hour fixed for the attack upon, 417 : Col.
Ealil in command at, 418 ; Washington s plan for
the attack upon, 419 ; men frozen to death on the
march to. 420; names of officers at the battle of, 420,
421 ; losses at, 422 ; Washington commends his
troops for their conduct at failure of Gen. Putnam
to co-operate with Washington at, 423 ; effect of the
success at, 424 ; attempt of the British to surprise
Wayne and Pulaski at, 622.

Trumbull, Gov., row-galleys sent to Washington by,
to operate against the Rose and Phcsnix, 313 ; New
York tories consigned to the keeping of, 320 ; urged
to hastily equip the Connecticut troops, 450.

Trumbull, John, recommends the fortification of
Mount Defiance, commanding Ticonderoga, 488.

Tryon, Gov., heads a tory conspiracy, 287 ; expedition
under, to destroy stores at Danbury, 464 ; retreats
from Danbury attempt of Arnold to intercept-
pursued by Wooster, 466 ; retreats to his ships, 468;
sends copies of Lord North s "conciliatory bills"
to Washington resolutions of Congress offering
pardon sent to, by Washington, 628 ; marauding
expeditions of, 696, 697 ; salt-works destroyed by,
690 ; proclamation to the inhabitants of Connecticut
issued by, 697 ; excuse given by, for his burning of
houses in Norwalk thoroughly disliked by the
English people-Fairfield and Norwalk, laid in
ashes by, 698 ; his conduct approved by Lord
George Germain, 699.


VALLEY FORGE, description of Washington s reasons
for selecting, for winter- quarters, 597 ; destitution

of the American army at, 598, 599 ; testimony of
Lafayette to the sufferings of the army at, 600 ;
letters of Gens. Huntington and Varnum, in relation
to the sufferings of the troops at anecdote of Wash
ington overheard at prayer at, 601 ; patience of the
troops at Washington authorized to supply the
necessities of the troops at, by force, 602 ; camp-
fever in, and desertions from the army at, 603 ;
committee of Congress visit, 617 ; Mrs. Washington
and other ladies in the camp at arrival of Gen.
Charles Lee and Ethan Allen in the camp at, 618 ;
arrival of Baron Steuben in the camp at, 619 ; re
ception at, of the news of the treaty with France,
626 ; rejoicings at 627 ; camp at, broken up, 633.

Vavtdreuil, Rigaud de, expedition of, against Fort
William Henry, 97; capitulates to Gen. Amherst
at Montreal, 134.

Vaughan, Gen., the British under, burn Esopus, 553.

Verplanck s Point, Sir H. Clinton lands at, 549 ; cap
ture of, by Sir H. Clinton, 695 ; guns of Stony Point
turned upon, by Gen. Wayne, 701.

Vincennes, fort at, recovered from the British, 693.

Viomenil, Baron de, leaves Newport for Portsmouth,
894 ; British redoubt at Yorktown stormed by, 913.

Virginia, levy of troops in, urged by Patrick Henry,
238 ; ravages of the British in, 695 ; bad conduct of
the militia from, at the battle of Camden, 742 ; ex
pedition against, intrusted to Arnold, 820 ; militia
from, at the battle of Guilford courthouse, 840 ;
ravages of Phillips and Arnold in, 845 ; British de
vastations in, 851 ; alarm caused in, by the invasion
of Cornwallis, 899 ; Washington and Rochambeau
determine to attack the British in, 900.

Vulture, British sloop-of war, sent to Teller s Point,
to facilitate a meeting between Arnold and Andre
correspondence of Arnold with Col. Robinson on
board of, 764 ; fired upon, from Teller s Point, 768;
Arnold escapes on board the, 777.


WALLACE, Capt., attempted treasonable correspond
ence of Dr. Church with, 218 ; brutality of, 227 ;
anecdotes of, 227, 228 ; depredations of, in Rhode
island, 228.

Walpole, Horace, remarks of, on colonial affairs, in
1756-7, 96, 99 ; on Wolfe s victory at Quebec, 132 ;
on the battle of Lexington, 152; on the character
of Burgoyne. 484 ; on Lafayette s challenge to the
earl of Carlisle (note), 631.

Ward, Gen. Artemas, experience of, under Abercrom
bie, 159 ; sends aid to Prescott, on Breed s hill, 166

Warner, Col. Seth, supersedes Ethan Allen in com
mand of the " Green-Mountain Boys," 199 ; his op
portune arrival at the battle of Bennington, 522.

Warren, Commodore, refuses aid in the expedition
against Louisburg, 12 ; arrives with his fleet, at
Canseau, 14 ; friendly intercourse of, with Pepperell.

I AND 11. \



20 ; impatience of, at the slow progress of the
siege, 21, 22 ; captures the French ship Vigilante,

21 ; rivalry between, and Pepperell, 27 ; made an
admiral by the British government, 29.

Warren, Dr. Jos., sends warning to Concord of the
approach of Col. Smith, 141 ; at the battle of Lexing
ton, 148 ; volunteers as a private soldier, 171 ; death
of, at Breed s hill, 177 ; biographical notice of . 179.

Washington, Capt. William, at the battle of Trenton,
421 ; Col. Hamilton and others made prisoners by,
723 ; surprise of, at Monk s Corner, 725 ; Col. Rugely
and his command made prisoners of-war by, 811 ;
body of tories attacked and defeated by, 813 ; at the
battle of the Cowpens, 817 ; personal conflict of,
with Tarleton silver medal presented to, for his
services at the Cowpens, 818 ; at the battle of Guil-
ford courthouse, 840 ; at Hobkirk s hill, 857, 859 ;
Capt. Coffin s party surprised by, after the battle
of Hobkirk s hill, 859 ; on the lower Santee, 882 ;
at the battle of Eutaw Springs, 887.

WASHINGTON, GEORGE, commissioner to the French on
Lake Erie, 33; progress of, towards Little Meadows,
36 ; attacks the party of Jumonville 38 ; surrenders
Fort Necessity, 43 ; little justice done to, in England
slandered by the French, 46 ; invited by Braddock
to become one of his aids, 57 ; his advice asked by
Braddock at Little Meadows, 70 ; his sickness at
Great Crossings, 72 ; rejoins Braddock at Thickety
Run, 73 ; his escape at Braddock s defeat, 78 ; covers
Braddock s retreat, 79 ; horse and negro servant left
to, by Braddock reads the service at the burial of
Braddock, 81 ; hears the news of the battle of Lex
ington, 151 ; nominated as commander in-chief , 157;
accepts the appointment, 158 ; biographical notice
of, 182 ; school-days of midshipman s warrant ob
tained for, 183 ; surveys land of Lord Fairfax
initiated into military life visits Barbadoes, 184 ;
marriage of called to take command of the army
at Cambridge personal appearance of, 185 ; as
sumes command of the army, 186 ; desires the com
mencement of operations in Boston New England
disaffected towards, 214; fits out a fleet of schooners,
219; annoyed by the Connecticut troops, 224; ap
peals to the patriotism of the army, 232 ; unable to
move for want of troops and ammunition, 234 ;
honored for his services at Boston, 256 ; his opinion
of the British plans for negotiation, 270 ; his cares
and perplexities in New York, 271 ; conspiracy to
capture the person of influences an increase of the
army, 286 ; order issued by, in anticipation of the
encounter with Gen. Howe s forces, 302 ; commiser
ates the helpless in New York, 321 ; his anxiety on
the eve of the battle of Long island his activity
during the retreat from Long island, 336 ; has little
confidence in his troops, 338 ; annoyed at the bad
conduct of militia and Connecticut troops, 350 ; his
remarks on the necessity of reorganizing the army,

358 ; his opinion upon militia his efforts to prevent
the practice of plundering, 359 ; his anxiety lest he
should be left without troops, 383 ; his perplexity
as to Howe s movements, 386 ; letter of, in relation
to the loss of Fort Washington unsuspicious of
Gen. Lee, 396 ; duplicity of Lee and Col. Reed dis
covered by, 399 ; gravity of his manner after cross
ing the Delaware his confidence in final success
increased powers given to, 414 ; his letter touching
the difficulties of his position recommends the
formation of a standing army, 415 ; endowed with
the powers of dictator, 429 ; resolution conferring
the dictatorship upon, 430 ; his dangerous position
at Princeton, 434 ; anxiety felt for his safety at the
battle of Princeton, 435 ; his perplexity with regard
to the claims of foreign officers, 451, 470; his anxiety
respecting the recruitment of a new army, 451 ;
colonels of the new army appointed by, 452 ; appre
ciation of, in Europe, 454 ; affectionate treatment of
Hamilton by, 460 ; his preference of natives for
places of trust composition of his life-guard, 472 ;
his language respecting some of his officers at Mor-
ristown, 474 ; his perplexity as to the British on
Staten island and the Hudson, 481 ; unwilling to
believe the story of the loss of Ticonderoga, 497 ;
misinformed as to St. Glair s means of defense at
Ticonderoga, 498 ; letter, addressed to Burgoyne,
put into the hands of his camp removed to Ger-
mantown, 503 ; his first meeting with Lafayette,
504 ; his movements before the battle of the Brandy-
wine, 531 ; retreats to Germantown, 578 ; overheard
in private prayer at Valley Forge his sympathy
with the suffering troops at Valley Forge, 601 ; hia
encampment at Fredericksburg, 673 ; his remarks on
public men, 682 ; his hospitalities in camp, 684 ; hon
ors bestowed upon, by Louis XVI., 755 ; conference
of, with Count Rochambeau, 763 ; design of Arnold
to capture, 769 ; visits Mount Vernon, 903 ; personal
exposure of, at the siege of YorktoAvn, 912, 914, 915.

Washington, Mrs. , arrives at Cambridge, 225 ; leaves
New York for Mount Vernon, when Howe lands
on Long island, 323 ; at Valley Forge, 618.

Waterbury, Gen., taken prisoner in the naval engage
ment on Lake Champlain released on parole, 360.

Wayne, Gen. Anthony, brigadier-general, 452 ; his
contempt for British soldiers, 473 ; defeated near
the Schuylkill, 579 ; attacks the British at German-
town, 582 ; Philadelphia and Bucks counties laid
waste by, 623 ; at the battle of Monmouth, 636 ;
scheme of Cornwallis and Knyphausen to surprise,
674; willing to carry out plans of Washington, 696;
captures Stony Point, 699 ; wounded in the head, at
Stony Point, 700 ; mutiny of his troops, at Morris-
town, 821 ; led by a stratagem to make an attack on
Cornwallis, 850 ; British driven out of Georgia by,
894 ; occupies Charleston on the departure of the
British subsequent career of (note), 895.




Wemyss, Major, devastations of, on the Pedee and
Black rivers, 794 ; attempts to surprise Surnter, 803 ;
wounded and a prisoner in the hands of Sumter, 804.

West Point, selected as a suitable site for a fort, G23 ;
fortification of, intrusted to Kosciusko, 624 ; Gen.
Putnam stationed at, 673 ; anxiety of Washington,
for the preservation of, 696 ; headquarters of Wash
ington at, 701 ; command of, solicited and obtained
by Arnold, 756 ; plans of, furnished to Major Andre
by Arnold troops of Sir H. Clinton embarked for
the purpose of capturing, 769.

Whitemarsh, reinforcements from the Northern army
received by Washington at, 593 ; Washington s
camp at, threatened by the British, 595 ; withdrawal
of the British from, in the night, 597.

White Plains, approach of Sir W. Howe s army
towards Washington s headquarters established
at Col. Glover at, 375 ; fortified camp at, 376 ;
battle of, 378 ; Alexander Hamilton s gallantry at,
379 ; condition of the troops at, 380 ; Howe awaits
reinforcements at, 381 ; retreat of Washington from
courthouse and other buildings burned at, 882 ;
withdrawal of the British from, 383 ; Washington
at, in 1778, 673.

Wilkinson, Maj. and Gen., his account of the capture
of Gen. Lee, 408 ; escape of, after the capture of
Lee, 413 ; life of Major Ackland saved by, at Bemis
heights, 558 ; sole American witness of the sur
render of Burgoyne, 573 ; made brigadier-general,
576 ; instrumentality of, in exposing Conway s
cabal, 615, 616.

Williamsburg, Va., property in, destroyed by Phillips
and Arnold, 845 ; Washington and Ilochambeau
arrive at, 907 ; rendezvous of the allies at, 908.

Williams, Col. Ephraim, sent by Col. Johnson to meet
Dieskau, 88 ; routed by Dieskau, 89.

Williams, Col. Otho Holland, cruel treatment of, as a
prisoner, 441 ; advice given by, to Gates, at the
battle of Camden, 742 ; covers the retreat of Gen.
Greene to the Dan rapid retreat of, to the Dan,
832 ; driven across the Haw by Cornwallis, 837 ;
at Hobkirk s hill, 857 ; at Eutaw Springs 884.

Wiuslow, Gen., sent against Fort William Henry, 93;
strengthens Forts Edward and William Henry, 96.

Wolfe, Gen. James, biographical notices of, 100, 107 ;
in the expedition against Louisburg, 102 ; expedi
tion against Quebec intrusted to personal descrip
tion of, 107 ; famous camp song written by, 108 ;
men afterwards distinguished, in his expedition
against Quebec, 109 ; enthusiasm pervading the
army under, 110 ; proclamation issued by, 113 ; ac
tivity of, in studying the defenses of Quebec, 117 ;
effect upon, of his failure at Moutmorenci, 120 ;
news of the successes of Amherst and Johnson re
ceived by devises plans of attack, during sick

ness, 121 ; his despondent letter to Pitt, 123 ; daring-
resolve of, to attain the Plains of Abraham obtains
information, from a deserter, 124 ; last orders of,
to his army, 125 ; disposition of his forces when at
tacked by Montcalm, 128 ; his conduct on the field
of battle mortally wounded, 129 ; death of, 130 ;
honors paid to the memory of, 132.

Wooster, Gen. David, inactivity of, at Montreal and
Quebec, 260 ; disagreement of Arnold with, 261 ;
superseded by Gen. Sullivan, 262 ; mortally wound
ed, when in pursuit of Gov. Tyron death of, 467 ;
biographical notice of, 468.

Wyoming, description of the vale of, 649 ; frequently
the scene of Indian warfare Count Zinzendorf the
first white man who visited the valley of, 650 ; orig
inally settled by New-Englanders, 651 ; claims of a
Pennsylvania company in the vale of volunteers
from, for the continental army threatened by the
British and Indians, 652 ; efforts made in, for de
fense, under the leadership of Col. Z. Butler, 652,
653 ; gunpowder made in, by the aid of the women
inhabitants of, march to meet the enemy, 653 ;
patriots defeated and massacred, 654 ; anecdotes of
the massacre of, 654, 655 ; capitulation of the de
fenders of, in Fort Forty, 655 ; abandoned by Col.
John Butler to his Indians, 656 ; houses of, pillaged
and burned by the Indians, 656, 657 ; exodus of the
survivors of the massacre at monument erected
at, 657.


YADKIN river, a rise in, interrupts the pursuit of
Greene by Cornwallis march of Cornwallis to the
upper fords of, 830.

Yorktown, shipyard, vessels, and stores, destroyed at,

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