Robert William Browne.

A history of Greek classical literature online

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Resides at Naples; his wealth; his
weak health, 211. Qoes to Athens ;
dies on his voyage home ; buried at
Naples ; his epitaph ; his character ;
general esteem for, 212. Parthenian,
why so called; his modesty; gene-
rosity, 212. His poems : the * Culex,'
*Ciris,'213; *Moretum,' *Copa,' 'Bu-
colics,' 214. The 'Georgics,' 220.
<iEneid,' 223. Characteristics of;
disparaged by Caligula, Markland,
and Niebuhr, 228. Propertius, his
panegyric on, 230. Gallus fellow-
student with, 261. Befriended by
him ; praise of in fourth * Eclogue ;'
story of Aristseus substituted for, 262.
Tibullus, contemporary with, 263.
Reason for addressing 'Eclogue' to
Poliio, 304. Birth-day of, kept by
S. Italicus, 377. Imitated by C. V.
Flaccus, 380. Work of Columella
supplemental to ' Georgics' of, 439.

Marsus, Domitius, his epigram on Ti-
bullus, 264.

Martialis, M. Valerius, praises Latinus
and Paris, 192. EpiUph on, 192.
Mentions Albinovanus, 270. His epi*
gram on Livy; throws doubt on
birth-place of, 327. Mentions Phad-
rus, 340. Epigram relating to Seneca,
350. Not genuine satirist, 368. Epi-
gram on C. V. Flaccus, 380. Epi-
grammatist ; his viciousness ; his
birth, 385. Patronized by Emperor ;
his discontent, 386. His marriage ;
distaste for provincial life, 387. His
death, 388. Personal appearance;
his impurity, 389. Beauties of his
poems ; Inequalityof his works, 389.
His vanity; specimens of poems, 390.
Praise of QuinUlian, 431.

Masks worn by Roman comic actors, 93.

Massinger, his play of ' Roman Actor ;'
"plot of, whence take^ 192.

Massinissa, Cato arbitrates for, 152.

Matronalia, Roman festival of. 111.

Maurus, Terentianus, quotes from L.
Andronious' tragedy of * Ino,' 75.

Digitized by





Msximns, Q. Fabius, bears cost of pre-
sentation of ' Adelphi' of Terence, 121.

— — , Valerius, story of Attins related
bj, 136. His collection of anecdotes ;
object of; arrangement of; account
of himself ; his style, 394.

Medal of Caasar, legend on, 305.

* Medea' of Euripides, translated by

Bnnius, S9.

, tragedy of Ovid ; its character ;

Quintilian's iwraise of, 275.

* Medioamina iiAciei' (cosmetics), minor

poem attributed to Ovid, 275.

M^a, M. Ann«us, father of Lucan, sui>-
posed identical with P. Mela, 369.

, Pomponius, geographer, his birth ;
treatise ' De Situ Orbis,' information
derived from Greek sources ; simpli-
city and purity of his style, 438.

Memmii, the orators, 173.

Memmius, friend of Lucretius, protor,
takes Catullus to Bithynia, 202.

* Memorabilium, Dictorum Factorum-

que,' Lib. ix., work of V. Maximus,
collection of anecdotes, 393.

Menander, fragments of, extant; their
character; quoted by Christian fa-
thers, 92. 'Epicurean' copied by
Plautus, 102. Translated by Terence ;
lost at sea, 112. Terence's tran-
scripts of, 114, 116, 119. Passages
from 'Plooius,' and translation by
A. Oellius, 107. His 'Phasma' and
* Thesaurus' translated by Luscins,
124. Blunders in, 124.

'Menaechmi,' comedy of Plautus, said
to be imitated from * Epicharmus,'
101. A * Comedy of Errors;' fur-
nished plot for Shakspeare and Reg-
nard, 103.

* Meroator,' comedy of Plautus, revolting

state of morals depicted in, 102.

Messala, patron of TibuUus ; his actions
sung by poets, 263.

Mesaalina, her accusation against Se-
neca, 411.

* Metamorphoses,' poem of Ovid ; burnt

by him, 269. Not corrected by him ;
extent of; character of; selections
from ; antiquarianism of, 273.

Metaums, battle of, Cato distinguished
at, 151.

Metelli, the, satirixed by Naevius, 77.

Metellus, Q., pronounces funeral ora-
tion over father; admired by Caesar
and Pliny ; address to Censors ; pre-

served by Livy, 167. His aociuation
against Cicero^ 312.

Metres of Attins, varied, 138.

of Ennius, varied from Greek, 90.

, the Greek, not natural to Latin,

82. How adapted by Horace, 249.

y Roman oomic, their relation to

music, 94. Effect of elision upon, 95.

— « — of Terence and Plautus, how re-
ducible ; examples of, 97.

Milan Library, palimpsest MS. in, 99.

'Miles Glorioeus,' comedy of Plautus,
the Boaster of Greek comedy, 103.
Device in, borrowed from ' Phantom'
of Menander ; plot of secrets, 104.

' Mimiambi,' written by C. Matius, 190.
Why so called, 190.

Milo, T. A., Cicero's defence of; cir-
cumstances under which delivered ;
failure of, 292.

Mimes, the Greek, written in prose;
dialogues, 187. Exhibited at festi-
vals, not on stage; Sophron most
noted composer of ; idylls of Theocri-
tus, and satires of Persius ; imitated
from, 187.

^— , Roman, dramatic entertainments
supersede tragedy and comedy; ap-
pellation, whence derived, 187. How
differ from Greek ; combine comedy
and farce ; pantomime ; grew out of
Fabula) Atellans; their character;
affinity to modem Italian pasqui-
nades, 188. Schlegel's account of^
written in verse; writers of, 188, et

Misenum, Pliny, Elder, commands fleet
at, 418.

, Pliny, Younger, remains at, during

eruption of Vesuvius, 421.

Mitylene, J. Cteeaer, receives civic crown
at capture of, 311.

Modes in music, Lydian, 94. Tyrian
orSarrane; Phrygian, 95. How used
by Romans, 95. Musical, of Terence's
plays; 'The Andrian,' 112. 'Eu-
nuch,' 114. ' Adelphi,' 120.

Moli^re, materials for 'Les Fourberies
de Scapin' obtained from 'Phormio*
of Terence, 118. 'Ecole des Maris'
copied from 'Adelphi' of Terence, 122.

Molo, Rhodian rhetorician, Cicero stu-
dies under, 281.

Melon, Apollonius, rhetorician, tutor to
Csesar, 312. Cicero's testimony to;
ambassador to Rome, 312.

Digitized by




MoDtftnns, elegiac poet; contemporaiy

with Ovid, 276.
' Mostellaria,' comedy of Plantas, plot

of ; name, diminatiye of monstrum,

Madas, bon-mot of C. Sjras on, 191.
MflUer, inscriptions said bj him to be

Pelasgian, 48.
* Moretam,' poem of Virgil ; origin X)(

name ; Bncolic, 214.
Mnretns, his imposition on Scaliger,

124. j^cconnt of studies of Virgil,

210. Characteristics of TibuUus, 264.
Mntina (Modena), battle of; date of

Ovid's birth, 267.

Njevius, ATTnrs, invention of Saturnine
Terse attribated to, 57. Statement of,
respecting On. Nsevins, 71.

, Cneius, first Roman poet ; so con-
sidered by his countrymen ; a citizen
by birth ; in spirit ; a soldier in first
Punic War; his honesty and mo-
rality, 75. Friendship with Cato;
epitaph of, criticized by A. Qellius ;
why thought a Campanian ; birth un-
known; death uncertain; Cicero's
date of; wrote poems at advanced
age ; his epic, * The Punic War ;* ear-
liest efforts dramatic ; plots Grecian ;
supporter of the people, 76. Litera-
ry representative of anti-aristocratic
party ; uses literature as political
engine; causes of vehemence, 77.
Attacks S. AfricanuB and the Metelli ;
imprisoned ; contrition ; again in-
dulges in satire; exiled to Utica;
his epitaph, 78. Homage paid him
by best writers ; his universal popu-
larity; causes of; literaiy position
intermediate, 78. His comedy ; per-
sonal character of; his epic ; Roman
character of ; Virgil indebted to, 79.
Brew inspiration from Homer; £n-
nius copies from; few fragments of
his works extant; examples of, 80.
Character of his poetry ; undervalued
by Horace; praised by Cicero; his
works used in schools ; poetry metri-
cal, 81. Introduces iambic and tro-
chaic metres, 81. Poems principally
written in Satumian verse, 82. Con-
temporary with Cato, 150.

Names in Roman comedy have mean-
ing ; examples of, 94,

Naples, Virgil's favorite residence, 211.
Buried at, 212.

Naso, Ovldius ; of Roman poets alone
attains facility of versification, 82.
His panegyric on Lucretius, 201.
Hints as to crime of Callus, 262.
Alludes to mistresses of TibuUus, 263.
Preserves fragment of Macer, 266.
His birth and family; his brother;
educated well ; death of; rhetorical
studies ; their effect, 267. Seneca's
account of; copies from Latro ; ex-
amples of; character of his rhetoric,
267. Anecdote respecting poetry of ;
natural genius for poetry, 269. His
indolence ; rank and fortune ; literary
aquaintance ; his wives ; Epicurean,
269. His mistress Corinna ; his resi-
dences ; journey to Asia and Sicily ;
life of enjoyment ; banishment ;
cause of, unknown, 270. Conjectures
respecting, 270. Place of banish-
ment; respect of TomitsB for; his
complaints, 272. Cultivates poetry
in exile ; his poems extant ; * Amores ;'
*Epi8tola9 Heroidum,' 272. «Art of
Love,' 273. 'Remedies of Love,*
* Metamorphoses,' 273. * Fasti,' * Tris-
tia,' 274. *Nux;' *Ibis;' poems at-
tributed to ; poems in Getan language
popular among barbarians ; ' Medea,'
tragedy of; its character; criticism
of Quintilian on ; his character as a
poet, 275.

Natural history, work on, by Pliny the
Elder, 423.

philosophy, work on, by Pliny the

Elder, 423. Storehouse of facts;
marvellous traditions contained in,
423. Analysis of, 424.

* Navales Libri,' poem of V. Atacinus,

Nemesis, mistress of TibuUus, real name
unknown, 263.

Nepos, Cornelius, his anecdote of Lselius,
111. Description of Cato's * Origines,'
156. Contemporary of Catullus ;
opinion respecting birth, 310. Friend
of Cicero and Atticus ; nothing known
of his history ; his works lost ; their
titles ; * Chronicles ;' * Libri Exem-
plorum;' *Life of Cicero;' *De His-
toricis ;' work attributed to him ;
' Lives of Eminent Generals ;' account
of; why considered spurious, 310.
Evidence of authenticity, 311.

Nero patronized dramatic literature,
350. Jealous of Luoan; conspiracy
against, by, 370. Lucan's flattery

Digitized by




of; inscription attributed to, 370.
Time of his death, 378. Seneca tutor
to, 412. His parricide ; causes death
of Seneca, 412. Delivers funeral
oration on Claudius, 414.

Nero, Domitius, historical play of Ma-
temus in time of Vespasian, 129.

Nerva, Juvenal probablj lived till reign
of, 365. Fitness of Trajan to suc-
ceed, 394.

Newton, W., opinions respecting date
of Vitruvius Pollio, 336.

Nicander, physician; his poem para-
phrased by Macer, 266.

Nioanor, SsBvius, grammarian, 185.

Nioomedes, King of Bithynia ; dethroned
by brother ; defended by Hortensius,

Niebelungen-Lied, Satumians in, 59.

Niebuhr, his remarks on composition
of Latin language, 40. Asserts that
in Social War Marsi sx>oke Osoan, 45.
His opinion respecting slavery of
L. Andronicus, 72. Of his choice of
* Odyssey* to translate, 72. Observa-
tions on character of parasite in plays
of Plautus, 99. Does not credit
poverty of Plautus, 99. Supposition
respecting Nsevius, 143. Opinions
respecting Fabius Pictor, 147. Recon-
ciles chronology of C. Alimentus, 149.
His opinion of Cato, 160. Of Piso,
162. Defends Macer; opinion of
extent of work of Quadrfgarius, 163.
Discovers i)alimpsest MS. of 'Insti-
tutes' of Gains ; explanation of, suc-
cessful, 181. Date of perfection of
Roman literature, 186. Prejudices
of ; opinion of Catullus ; of Virgil,
20 i. Low opinion of Virgil ; difSoult
to account for, 229. Undeserved
censure of TibuUus, 263. Praise of
poems attributed to him, 264. At-
tributes book on African war to
Hirtius, 315. Deplores loss of * His-
tories' of Sallust, 322. Opinion of
manner in which Livy wrote his
history, 333. On his style, 335.
Opinion of *Punica* of S. Italicus,
378. Of date of Suetonius' * Lives of
Caesars,' 405. Examples of his defi-
ciency as historian, 406. His date
for Q. Curtius, 407.

Niobe, statue of, expressive of Grecian
tragic feeling, 132.

Nisard, Etudes de (note); comparison

between essays and tragedies of
Seneca, 352.
Nobilior, M. Fulvius, reproached by
Cato on account of Ennius, 84.
Blamed by Cato, 140.

* Noctes Attics,' of A. Gellius, epigram

on Plautus by Varro in, 101. Frag-
ments of Lucilius preserved in, 143.

Nementum, Domitian gives villa at, to
Martial, 386.

Novo-Comum ; Como, two Plinys bom at,
416, 425.

Numerals, the Greek, compared with
Latin, 49.

, Latin derived from Etruscan, 49.

* Nux,' minor poem of Ovid, 275.

*OcTAviAs,' historical play of Seneca,

Octavius sacrifices Cicero, 285.

Ode, how sung in dramas of L. An-
dronicus ; similarity of to Greek hy-
porcheme, 73.

Odes of Horace, publication of, 240.
Those attributed to him, 256.

'Odyssey' translated by L. Andronicus,

'(Edipus,' poem of Cieear, suppressed
by Augustus, 318.

* Old Age,' essay on, by Cicero, 300.
Operarius, stage-carpenter, occupation

of Plautus, 99.

Opilius, Aurelius, grammarian 185.

Oppius, friend of Csesar, correspondent
of Cicero, 303. Anecdote of Cssar's
friendship for, 315.

Orations, the six Verrian, by Cicero;
their character and success, 290.

Orators, Roman, 166 et seq.

Oratory, Roman mind why directed to,
144. Its origin and progress in
Rome, 166 et seq. End and object
of, 288. Charms of Cicero's, 289. Its
character, 292.

Orellius, his copy of Bantine Tables,

'Origines,' historical work of Cato,
written in old age; history of Italy
described by C. Nepos, 156. Its re-
search and originality: honesty;
fragments remaining, 156. Pathos ;
quoted by A. Gellius, 157. Not used
by Livy, 332.

Oscans, an Italian tribe, claim to be
aboriginal, 37. Conquer Pelasgi in
Latium, 40. Warlike, 40. Quasi-
dramatic entertainments of, popular

Digitized by




in Italy ; oharacteristio language of ;
originate ])antomime, 68.

Osoans, language of ; inflnenoe of ; not
related to Qreek, 41. Remains of;
compoeite with Sabellian; dramatic
literature of; when introduced; un-
derstood bj Samnites; spoken hy
Marsi, 45. Coins struck in ; spoken
after establishment of Empire, 45.
Principle monuments in ; Bantine
Tables ; relation to Latin, 45. Words
of, in Bantine Tables, 46.

Osci, or Opici, derivation of equivalent
to JivrixQtns; country possessed by,
invade that of Sikeli, 38.

pAcnviAKTJS, author of pasquinades on
Tiberius, 344.

Pacuvius, M., Roman tragic writer of
second era; palm in tragedy given
to, by Cicero ; bad Latinity of, 108.
Contemporary with Terence; native
of Brundisium ; nephew of Ennius ;
resides at Rome ; a painter ; died at
Tarentum ; epigram on, preserved by
Aulus Oellius ; with whom a favorite,

134. Commended by Cicero; cha-
racter of his language ; tragedies of;
not merely translations ; plan of
original ; his works ; titles preserved,
* Antiopa,' * Dulorestes ;' most cele-
brated, 135. ' Paulus ;' wrote one
Satura, and one comedy, * Mercator/

135. Friend of Attius, 136.
Paltemon, Remmius, tutor to Persius,

Pan»tius, his friendship with Soipio

.^milianus, 169.
Panegyric on Augustus by Varius, 261.

On Trajan, by Younger Riny, 426.
Pantomime, how different from mime ;

character of, 191. Objected to by

Christians ; actors in ; licentious ;

Nero performs in, 192.
Papirius, Sextus, codifies ' Leges Regis,'

182. Jurist; pupil of M. Scsvola,

Parabasis of Greek comedy in prologue

of Plautus, 106.
*Paradoza,' philosophical treatise of

Cicero, 299.
Parasite ; character frequent in plays of

Plautus ; Niebuhr's observations on ;

readily naturalized in Rome ; account

of, by Horace and Juvenal, 99.
Parerg^,' a work of Attius, 138.

Parthenias, epithet of Virgil, origin of,

Parthenius, native of Bithyna ; Yirgil
studies philosophy under, 210.

Paris, actor of pantomime, teaches Nero
to dance ; his rival ; put to death by
him, 192. Martial's opinion of; his
influence and profligacy; furnishes
plot to Massinger ; his epitaph, 192.
Juvenal's satire on ; its consequences,

Patavinity ascribed to Livy by Pollio ;
uncertain meaning of word, 304.
What to be understood by ; Niebuhr's
opinion respecting, 335.

Patavium (Padua), birthplace of Livy ;
why doubtful, 327. C. V. Flaccus
bom at, 380.

Pateroulus, M. Yellius, 392. His life ;
work ; its character and extent, 392.
MS. of, lost, 393.

Paullina, wife of Seneca, her heroism,

* Paulus,* historical play of Pacuvius,
129. Subject o^ 135.

, L. -fflmilitts, the * Hecyra* of Ter-
ence presented at funeral of, 119 ; also
the 'Adelphi,' 120. Conqueror of
Persius, 135. Father of Scipio iBmi-
lianus ; his campaign in Greece, 168.
His library, 305.

Pelasgians in Italy, 39. Conquered by
Oscans, 40.

, language of, how united with Um-

brian and Oscan, 40, 41. Connected
with Greek, 41. Affinity to Greek
and Sanscrit, 41 (note). Inscriptions
in ; digamma characteristic of; de-
rived from .£olic, 48. Element of
Etruscan most influencing Latin, 49

'Peleus and Thetis,' epithalamium of
Catullus, character of, 203. Example
of, 205.

Pennus, M. Junius, orator, his opposi-
tion to Gracchus, 171.

Perilla, daughter of Ovid, 270. Epistle
to, 274.

Perotto, N., bishop of Manfredonia, pub-
lished new fables of Phndrus, 341.

Perugia, Etruscan inscription at; its
language and contents, 46.

'Persa,' comedy of Plautus, slender
plot of, 104.

Persius, see Flaccus.

Petrarch, his praise of Horace, 243.

Petronius, extract from speech of Scipio
^milianus, 128.

Digitized by




Fh»dni8,EpicTirean philosopheryteaohes
Cicero, 281 , 298. Wrote in transition
period: translated iEsop; his own
biographer; little known of ; afreed-
man, 339. How far original ; men-
tioned by Martial and Seneca ; works
little known ; MSS. of, few ; reasons
for genuineness disputed, 340. Eri-
denoe of datie of works ; MS., how
disooTered; fables supposed to be
written by N. Perotto ; published as
genuine by Angelo Mai ; moral of
fables suggested by circumstances of
times, 341. Examples of 341, 342.
Historical events; examples ot 344,
345. Character of his writings, 346.
Inferior to ^sop, 347. Style of; com-
pared with other fabulists, 348.

< Phagetica* of Archestratus, translated
by Ennius ; its character, 90.

Phallus, emblem of fertility, how con-
nected with Roman satire, 68.

Pharsalia, Varro pardoned after battle
of, 306.

, poem of Luoan, its sentiments,

370. Subject of; description of, 371.
Materials for, whence derived, 372.
Compared with poems of Homer and
Virgil, 373. Description principal
feature in, 374. Examples from, 375.

' Phasma,' comedy of Menander, trans-
lated by Luscius, 124.

Philemon, Greek comedian, fragments
of comedies of; their character;
quoted by Christian fathers, 92;
Copied by Plautus, 102.

Philips* * Cyder,' poem of; imitated from
Virgil, 223.

Philippic orations of Cicero, when de-
livered ; their success and conse-
quences, 285. Why so named ; opin-
ions of Juvenal respecting, 293.

Philippi, battle of; conduct of Horace at,

Philo, philosopher, presides at Athens
over New Academy ; teaches Cicero,
281. Eclecticism of, congenial to
Cicero, 298.

Philologus, Atteius, grammarian, 335.

Philosophy, Roman, its origin and cha-
racter ; unfitness of language for ;
study of literary ; Cicero*s view of ;
characteristics of, 296. Its defects;
early instructors in, 297. First form
of Epicurean, 297. Its professors;
Stoicism, how adopted into ; its pro-

fessors ; influence on Cioero, 298. Hia
practical application of, 298.

Phoenicians,' how allied to Etruscans,

' Phoenisss' of Euripides, translated by
Attius, 137.

* Phormio,' comedy of Terence, adapted
from Apollodorus; why so called;
when acted ; plot of; 118. Copied by
Moli^e, 119.

Pictor, C. Fabius, painter, surpasses
Pacuvius, 134.

, Fabius Q., most ancient writer of

Roman history; contemporary with.
Naevius; his family; ancestor painted
temple of Salus ; literary taste of
family, 147. Referred to by Livy;
principal authority of Dion Caseins
and Appian; Niebuhr*s opinion of;
wrote in defence of his country against
Philinus ; in Greek ; subject, first and
second Punic Wars, 147. Object of
his work ; materials for, 148.

, S. F., writer of annals and treatise

on pontifical law, 162. Jurisconsult,

Pilitus, L. Otacilius, Roman historian,
works little known, 164.

Piso, L. Calpumius Frugi, consul at
death of C. Gracchus, censor the year
after, historical writer, quoted by
Dionysius and Livy ; less trustworthy
than F. Pictor ; anecdote of Romulus
quoted by Cn. Gellius, 162. Origin
of name ; Niebuhr's charge against,

Piso, L. C. Cffsoninus, Cicero's oration
against ; its coarseness, 291.

— , C. Calpumius, tragic poet, his
conspiracy against Nero, 370.

Pius, J. Baptista, continues * Argonan-
tica' of C. V. Flaocus, 380.

— , epithet of .^neas, how applicable
to Augustus, 227.

Plagiarisms in Virgil, examples of, 226.

Plautus, T. Maccius, language of, 37.
Customs of Etruscans alluded to by,
39. Comedies of, exception to general
rule, 92. Contemporary with &nius ;
native of Sarsina ; resides in Rome ;
station humble ; infiuence on writings;
class represented by him ; his plots,
personages, and scenes, Greek ; para*
site characteristic of his comedies,
observed by Niebuhr ; his occupation ;
cognomen,origin of proved by Ritzschl ;
how used, 99. Ethnic; error, how

Digitized by




perpetaated ; disooyered by Ritssohl ;
origin of name Plantns ; his earliest
comedies ; only rival very inferior ;
works suited to genius of Romans ;
had no aristocratic patrons, 99. Taste
not sufficiently defined ; Horace ob-
jects to him on that account ; popu-
lar with the masses ; character of his
writings given by Horace ; nationality
of style, Latin, 100. Familiar ; coarse-
ness not open ; this praised by Cicero ;
laudatory epigram by Varro ; popular
during five centuries ; never full Ro-
man citizen, 130. Comedies attri-
buted to him; twenty extant con-
sidered genuine by Varro ; with * Vi-
dularia ;* rest doubtful ; originals,
Menander, Diphilus, and Philemon;
imitated by modem writers ; subjects
of those extant ; ' Amphitruo,' ' Asi-
naria,' *Casina,' Mercator,* *Anlularia,'
102. * Bacchides,' * Captivi,* * Curcu-
lio,' 'Cistellaria,' 103. *Epidicus,'
* Mostellaria,* * Menaechmi,' * Miles
Gloriosus, 1 03. * Pseudolus,' * Poenu-
lus,' 104. * Persa,' * Rudens,' Stichus,*
•Trinummus,' 104,105. *Truculentus,'
his prologues compared with modem
or Greek, 107.

Plebiscita decrees of the people, 182.

Plinius, see Secundus.

Plotina, wife of Trajan, her influence on
society in Rome, 394.

Plutarch compares Cato \o Socrates,

* Poenulus,* comedy of Plautus ; name
whence derived : plot of ; Hanno,
character in, talks Punic ; resem-
blance to Hebrew; how translated,

Poetry, Roman, earliest attempt at ;
Fescennine verses, 67. Contrast be-
tween Roman and Grecian, 136. Not
standard of literature in Augustan
age, 186. Golden age of 186.

Poggius discovers MS. of works of Quin-
tilian, S. Italicus, and L. V. Flaocus,
at St. Gall, 435.

PoUio, title of fourth eclogue of Virgil,
originality of subject, 218. Para-
phrase of Sibylline verses in, com-
X>ared with writings of Isaiah, 21 8.

, C. Asinius, his tragedies intended
only for recitation, 187. His cha-
racter ; commands in Cisalpine Gaul ;
patronizes Virgil, 210. Patronizes
Gallus, 261. Correspondent of Cicero,

303. Family and birth ; employed
by Cssar ; appointed to Gallia Trans-
padana ; protects Virgil ; reconciles
Octavian and Anthony ; his triumph ;
retires from public life ; devotes him-
self to study ; old age ; his children ;
literary reputation ; works lost ; rea-
sons for, 304. Style ; opinion of Quiu-
tilian and Niebuhr ; his works ; his-
tory of civil wars; his criticisms;
founds public library, 304. By whom
imitated ; founds library in Temple
of Liberty, 305. His criticism on J.
Ciesar, 317. Compared to Sophocles
by Virgil, 349.

PoUio, M. Vitravius, writer of Augustan
age ; his character ; confounded with
L. Vitruvius Cerdo ; birth and edu-
cation; learning; object of studies
professional, 335. Military engineer
under C»sar ; patronized by Augus-
tus ; evidence respecting date of his
works ; his style, 336. Contents of
his ten books ; conspectus of princi-
ples of architecture ; his taste ; his
work, 337.

Poly bins, his estimation of F. Pictor,
147. Comes to Rome in time of Cato,
150. His friendship for Scipio ^mi-
lianns, 169. Extracts from, trans-
scribed by Lucullus, 309. Followed
by Livy ; an accurate geographer ;
his preparation for writing history of
Italy, 332. Disapproves imaginary
speeches in history, 334.

Pomfret's elegy on Queen Mary imitated
from fifth eclogue of Virgil, 216.

Pompeius, Sextus, V. Maximus accom-
panies, into Asia, 394.

, Trogus, historian of Augustan

age ; father secretary to Julius CsBsar ;
work voluminous ; * Historiae Philip-
picsB,' 325. How digresses into uni-

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