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1868. Zur Biographie Heinrich Pestalozzi's, von alt Seminardirektor Morf,
Waisenvater in Winterthur (I. Band). Winterthur. Histoire universidle
de la pedagogie, par J. Paroz. Paris. Pestalozzi und der Pestalozzi-
Verein, von Aurich.

1869. Pestalozzi, von Harweck. Halle. Heinrich Pestalozzi, ein Lebensbild,
ton Alberti. Berlin.

1870. Das We$en der Pestalozzischen Methode als Grundlape einer christlichen
Erziehung, von Heer. Zurich. Pestalozzi in Leipzig, Festrede. In den
Leipziger Blattern fiir Padagogik. 3 Heft. Leipzig. Heinrich Pesta-
lozzi, von Ferd. Schmidt. Berlin H. Kastner.

1871. Der Padogog H. Pestalozzi, von G. v. Zeschwitz, Erlang^n.
1871-1872. Padagogische Reisebriefe, von Seyffarth. (Preussisches Schul-

blatt. Berlin.



438 APPENDIX III.



1872. J. H. Pestalozzi, von Seyffarth. Berlin. Souvenirs de L. Vulliemin.
Lausanne. Pestalozzi's sammtliche Werke gesichtet, rervollstdndigt tind
mit erlduternden Einleitungen versehen, von Seyffarth. (16 vol.) Bran-
denburg.

1873. Pestalozzi, par F. Bordier, ancien pasteur. NeuchStel. Pestal<>zzi\
sammtliche Werke, Nachtrage von L.W. Seyffarth. Brandenburg, 2 vol.
Rousseau und Pestalozzi, Zwei Vortrage von Karl Schneider. Brom-
berg. Pestalozzi's Antheil an der Erneuerung des deutschen 7olkes,
Vortrag von J. Wiesinger, Pfarrer. Kissingen.

1875. Pestalozzi. Idee und Macht der menmlilichen Entioickelung, von
Josephine Zehnder-Stadlin. Gotha. Pestalozzi, the influence uj his
principles andpractice on elementary education, by Jos. Payne. London.

1876. Johannes von Muralt, von Hermann Dalton. Wiesbaden. Pestalozzi,
Notizie della sua vita e delle sue opere, di G. Curti. Bellinzona.

1877. Comenius und Pestalozzi als Beyriinder der Volksschule, von H. Hoff-
meister. Berlin. The School. (A series of articles.)

1878. Pestalozzi und seine Aussaat, von G. Heer. Glarus. Heiwich Pesta-
lozzi. Ein Lebensbild, von Ferd. Schmidt. Berlin.

1879. Die sozial-politischen Grundlagen der Padagogik Pestalozzis. Beilage
zum Jabresbericht uber die Bealschule in Strassburg, von G. Kohler
Das Wesen der pestalozzischen Methode, von J. Justus Heer. Zurich.
Pestalozzi und Fellenberg, von 0. Hunziker. Langensalza.

1880. Pestalozzi, par 1'abbe Crampon. (Extrait du Contemporain.) Paris.
Pestalozzi, schweizerischs Jupendfreund und V^lksbildner, von B Both.
Leipzig. Pextalozzibldtter. Herausgegeben von der Kommission dea
Pestalozzistiibchen in Zurich. (Still appearing.) J Bamsauer, Kurze
Skizze meines pddngogischen Lebens. Mit Vorwort von Zezschwitz.
Oldenburg. Das Christenthum Pestalozzis, von H. Debes. Gotba.

1881. Die Gruttdgedanken von Pestalozzi und Froebel, von F. Beust. Zurich.
Erinnerungen an Vater Pestalozzi, von Em. Frohlich. (Pddngogische
"Blatter von Kehr, N 3.) Briefwechsel zwischen Pestalozzi und dem
Minister Zinzendorf, 1783-1790. (Padagogium von Dittes, 3 e annee.)

1882. Die Padagogik Joh. H. Pestal'-zzis in wortgetreuen Auszugen aus seinen
Werken, von A. Vogel. Bernburg. Ein Erziehungs-Haus im Geiste
Pestalozzis und Froebels, von Bertha Meyer. Zurich. Lienhard und
Gertrud. Neue Yolks- und Jubilaumsausgabe. Zurich. Pestalozzi, par
Guillaume. (In Buisson's Pedagogical Dictionary). Paris.

1883. Erziehungs- und Unterrichtsplan der ersten Lehranstalt im Schlosse zu
Miinchenbuchsee, von H. Morf. Winterthur.

1884. Jakob Heussi, Erinnerungen aus dessen Leben, von A. Diihr. Leipzig.

1885. Joh. H. Pestalozzi. Ein padagogisches Volksbuch, von Ed. Wiessuer.
Bernbuig. Rousseau und Pestalozzi, von 0. Hunziker. Basel. Zur
Biographie Pestalozzis, von H. Morf. H. and III. Band. Winterthur.

1886. Pestalozzi, Sieve de J.-J. Rousseau, par F. Herisson. Paris. System-
atische Dartteilung der Padagogik Pestalozzis, von A. Vogel. Potsdam.

1887. Einige Hldtter aus Pestalozzis Lebens- und Leidensgesckichte, von H.
Morf. Langensalza. Das Leben des Pddagogen Heiniich Pestalozzi,
von H. P. H. Griinfeld. Schleswig. Joseph Schmidt, von. II. Morf.
Winterthur. Biographie Pestalozzis, von F.Man. (In den ausgewahlten
Schriften Pestalozzis.) Langensalza.



SYLLABUS OF
DE GUIMPS'S LIFE AND WORK OF PESTALOZZI.

From the International Reading Circle Course of
Professional Study.



Pages i to 35.

I. CHILDHOOD.

1. Influence of home life.

2. Influence of school experience.

3. Influence of country scenes.

II. STUDENT LIFE.

4. Influence of the university spirit.

5. Influence of political excitement.

III. AGRICULTURAL LIFE.

6. Influence of courtship and marriage.

7. Influence of farm life and its failure.

Pages 36 to 72.

IV. THE FATHER.

8. Remorse over misdirected efforts and purposes.

9. Journal of his son's mental development, and the

father's methods in early education.

10. Plans of the father for controlling and directing the

will of the child.

11. Continued illness and early death of Jacobli.

V. PHILANTHROPIST.

12. Pestalozzi's motives in establishing the Neuhof enter-

prise.

13. His success during the first year with twenty children.

(439)



440 SYLLABUS OF



14. His appeal to the public for means to extend the work.

15. His letters on the subject of rural education of poor

children.

16. Account, after four years in the work, of each child in

the establishment.

17. Causes of the abandonment of the enterprise in 1780.

after six years of persistent effort.

18. Material distress of Pestalozzi, and the relief afforded

by the benevolent services of Elizabeth Naef.

Pages 73 to 124.

VI. THE WRITER.

19. His own statement of the motive prompting his efforts.

20. The circumstances connected with the production of

his first notable book on education.

21. Passages from his Evening Hour of a Hermit, setting

forth the necessity for a study of man's nature and the
conforming of educational processes to that nature.

22. Circumstances of his production of the Leonard and

Gertrude.

23. His minor writings during the period in which the

Leonard and Gertrude was written.

24. The purpose and method of his Swiss news.

25. Letters revealing his habit of thought during the ten

years of his seclusion at Neuhof.

26. Specimens of Pestalozzi's "Fables."

27. His Inquiry into the Course of Nature in the Develop-

ment of the Human Race.

28. Characteristics of Pestalozzi's doctrine before 1798.

Pages 125 to 172.

29. His change from an opponent to a supporter of French

intervention in the political affairs of Switzerland.



DE GUIMPS'S LIFE AND WORK OF PESTALOZZI. 441

30. Acceptance by the Government of his plan for a naA

tional poor-school, and the change of plan brought
about by the devastation of the Canton of 1 Unter-
walden.

31. Opening of the Government orphanage at Stanz.

32. Prosperity of the undertaking in spite of many ob-

stacles.

33. His work at Stanz brought to a close by the necessity

for using the orphanage buildings as a military
hospital.

34. Pestalozzi's own detailed account of his work at

Stanz.

35. Summary of principles developed in the Stanz experi-

ment.

Pages 173 to 250.

36. Pestalozzi's desire to become a schoolmaster at the

age of fifty.

37. The many objections raised against his acceptance as

a schoolmaster.

38. The single advantage that overbalanced all the de-

ficiencies.

39. His attempt to teach in the school with the shoemaker

Dysli.

40. His successes and his failures in the second school at

Burgdorf.

41. Fortunate association with Hermann Kriisi.

42. Kriisi's introduction to the work of teaching.

43- Organization of the Institute in Burgdorf Castle, and
its influence in attracting favorable attention to
Pestalozzi's valuable ideas.

44. Provision for the normal instruction of teachers at
Burgdorf.
30



442 SYLLABUS OF



45. Transfer of the Institute to Yverdun.

46. Publication of the work, How Gertrude Teaches her

Children.

47. The pedagogical principles of this work as set forth

by Morf.

48. Other publications of Pestalozzi while at Burgdorf.

Pages 251 to 274.

49. Characteristics of Pestalozzi's helpers at the opening

of the Yverdun school.

50. Characteristics of the Yverdun school in its earlier

days.

51. Recognition by the Prussian Government of the value

of Pestalozzi's educational ideas.

52. Pestalozzi as the inspirer and initiator in the institute,

but incapable of carrying out his own ideas in prac-
tical instruction.

53. Ritter's obligation to the influence of Pestalozzi.

54. Influence of the Yverdun school carried abroad by

visiting students of its spirit and method.
-55. Routine of the day at the Yverdun school.
56. Educational publications from the Yverdun press.
j57. The attention devoted to manual work and to physical

training.

58. The observance of festivals and holidays.

Pages 275 to 320.

59. Pestalozzi's New-Year's address of 1808 expressive of

sad discouragement.

60. Dissimilarity of age and of earlier influences on the

part of pupils one cause of the failure at Yverdun.



DE GUIMPS'S LIFE AND WORK OF PESTALOZZI. 443

6 1. Lack of the authoritative discipline necessary to so

large an aggregation of children another cause.

62. Discord between the chief assistants a third cause of

the failure.

63. Adverse report of the examining commission appointed

by the Swiss Government.

64. Influence upon the school of prominent teachers who

came at various times into its corps.

65. Incidental experiment by Pestalozzi in the teaching of

Latin.

66. Pestalozzi's interviews with the Emperor of Russia

and the King of Prussia.

67. Schmidt's supremacy in the administration of affairs

and its consequences.

Pages 321 to 358.

68. Seven years in which Yverdun was entirely under the

control of Schmidt.

69. Withdrawal of Pestalozzi's most helpful associates.

70. Pestalozzi's discourse in 1818 upon his seventy-second

birthday.

71. The opening of the poor school near Yverdun.

72. Schmidt's action in brining about the transfer of the

poor-school work to the Yverdun institution.

73. Conflict between Pestalozzi and the municipality of

Yverdun brought on by Schmidt.

74. Conflicts between Schmidt and the earlier co-workers

in Pestalozzi's enterprises.

75. Agreement entered into by the various persons con-

cerned in these conflicts.

76. Expulsion of Schmidt from the Canton of Yverdun

and the closing of the institute.



SYLLABUS OF



Pages 359 to 398.

77. Pestalozzi's return to Neuhof, the scene of his earliest

and now of his latest labors.

78. His writings during this last period of his life.

79. The attack upon Pestalozzi made by Biber, of Wtir-

temberg.

80. Death of Pestalozzi while striving to reply to Biber's

attack.

81. Characteristic extracts from Pestalozzi's Song of the

Swan.

82. Unjust self-accusations and condemnations of his own

labors in the Experiences.

83. His discussion in the Discourse before the Helvetian

Society, his latest preserved writing, of social ques-
tions that are even to-day prominent.

84. Personal recollections of Pestalozzi by Roger De

Guimps, the author of our book.

Pages 399 to 432.

85. Pestalozzi not a religious man until subjected to se-

vere adversity.

86. His Christianity shown in his spirit and acts rather

than in profession.

87. His acceptance of Christian truths more and more

definite and complete in his later years.

88. Pestalozzi's philosophy consisting in a new concep-

tion of man's nature and powers.

89. In his view, man innately possessing all moral, phys-

ical, and intellectual powers in germ, to be developed
by natural means.

90. This law of natural development by the action of in-

ward forces determining all the work of education.



DE GUIMPS'S LIFE AND WORK OF PESTALOZZL 445

91. In moral development each individual faculty of the
heart to be set in action and exercised, by arousing
appropriate feelings and desires.

. In physical development graduated gymnastic exer-
cises to call into activity the various powers of the
body.

93. Intellectual development to begin with sense-impres-

sion and to proceed by means of graded exercise,

94. The application of these principles of development in

the several branches of study would constitute Pes-
talozzi's Elementary Method,



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