Roger Wilbraham.

An attempt at a glossary of Cheshire words online

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row with a spear or weapon. Pal. Johnson gives
it a different sense from what it bears in Che-
shire. So in Shakespeare*8 Henry IV. act i.
sc. 2. Falstafi* says, ".Men of all sorts take a
pride to gird at me."



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of some Words used m Cheshire^ 43

Glayee, or Glaffer, v. to 4^tter« coax, or f<Hidle.

Gliff, s. a glimpse. Flemish Glimp, apparence.
Halma*

Globed to, part, wedded to, foolishly fond of.
In Ray alone ; from Glop, fatuus. Ihre.

Gloppek, v. to astonish, or stupify : from Glop
also.

Gnattbb, or Natter, v. to gnaw to pieces. A.S.
Gnsegan, to gnaw. Som*

GoLDiNo, s, a marygold.

Good, s, a property of any kind. A.S. Gode, bona.

GooDT, s. good wife ; a kind of familiar address
or title given to women rather in an inferior
station of life. It grows much out of use.

GrORSE-HOPPER, s, the bird called a whinchat

GrowD-NEPS, or GoLD-NEPs, *. a kind of small red
and yellow early ripe pear, the petit muscat or
sept en gueule of Duhamel.

Gradelt, Greadlt, Graidly, adj. decent, or-
derly, good sort of man, thriving honestly in
the world ; gradus, Latin; or to gree, O.W. for
agree. A.S. Grith, peace, used by Chaucer.

Grazier, s. a young rabbit just beginning to
feed on grass.

Grosier, s. a gooseberry.

GuEOUT, s, the gout ; it is also a sofl spungy part
of a field, full of springs, a defective place, per->
haps used in fi figurative sense.



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44 An Attempt at a Glossary

GuiLL, V. to dazzle, chiefly by a blow.

Gull, s, *A naked gull ; so are called all nestling
birds in quite an unfledged state. They have
always a yellowish cast, and the word is, I be-
lieve, derived from the Ang. Sax. geole, or the
Suio-Goth. gul, yeUow. Som. and Ihre. The
commentators, not aware of the meaning of the
term " naked gull,*' blunder in their attempt to
explain those lines of Shakspeare in Timon of
Athens,

" Lord Timon will be left a naked Gull,
Which flashes now a Phoenix.**

GuTTiT, s. is, I am credibly informed, almost
the only name by which Shrovetide is known
among the lower orders in Cheshire. This
word seems to be a corruption of Good tide.
Shrovetide was formerly not only, (to use the
words of Mr. Warton,) ** a season of extraordi-
nary sport and feasting," but it was also the
stated time for repentance, confession, and re-
ceiving absolution. For either of the above rea-
sons, it may fairly have obtained the name of
Good tide, in like manner as the day of the Cru-
cifixion has obtained that of Good Friday.



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of some Words used in Cheshire. 45

H.

Hagg, «. To work by the Hagg is to work by the
great, in contradistinction to day-work. The
price of day-labour is pretty much fixed ; but to
work by the great or by the job must be sub-
ject to a bargain, i. e. to a Hagg or Haggk, the
frequent consequence of bargaining.

Hajoh, or Hay, v. to have. Lan.

Halow, or Hailow, adj, (Lan. healow,) awkwardly
bashful, or shy: from the A.S. Hwyl, bashful.

Hames, s, horse collars, so called (according to
Phillips in his New World of Words) from
their likeness in shape to the hams of man.

Han, the plural of the present tense of the verb
to have. It is an old word used by Wicliffe,
and seems to be a contraction of Haven.

Hantle, or Handtle, s, a handful. Jamieson
rightly explains this word, as it is commonly
used in Scotland, by a great quantity ; but the
doubt which he expresses of its being derived
from hand^, when we state that the two si-
milar words of Pigginde and Noggintle are in
constant use in this county, is wholly done
away.

Hattle, adj, wild, skittish. Ash calls it local.
Bailey.

HAviouRS,jor Havers, «. behaviour. To be onone*s



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46 An Attewpit at a Glossary

haviours is to be on one's good behaviour. Jam.
uses bavins, or havings, in the same sense.

HawWennt, *. Hawpoeth, *. hal^nny; half-
penny-worth.

HiDB, V, to beat.

HmiKG, s. a beating.

HiBLAMDs, s, conceahnent. When a person keeps

, out of the way from the fear of being arrested,
he is said to be in Midlands.

HiDNES is used in the same sense as Hidlands, in
the Glossary to Langtoft's Chronicle, by Hearne.

Hilling, or Hebling, *. the covering of a book,
the quilt or blanket. Lan. to hill, or hilling.
It is a good O* W. employed by WicHffe in his
translation of the New Testament, but I never
heard it used in common conversation except in
Lancashire and Cheshire. See Ihre in voce
Hilja, operire. A.S. Helan, tegare. Som.

HiMSELL, or HissELL, is used in the following
sense. He is not himself, he is out of his mind.

HiKGE, adj. active, supple, pliant.

HoBBiTT Hoy, an awkward stripling, between
man and boy. Tusser calls it Hobart de Hoi^,
or Hoyh, I believe it to be simply Hobby the
Hoyden, or Robert the Hoyden, or Hoyt. The
word Hoyden is by no means confined to the fe-
male sex ; indeed it is believed to have anciently
belonged to the male sex, and to mean a rude



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of some Words used in Cheshire. Ail

ill-behaved person. See Todd's Diet, in voce
Hoiden. Hoyt in the North is an awkward boy,
or a simpleton. Ghrose*
Hog, or Hooo, s, a heap of potatoes of either a

conical or roof-shaped form, probably so called V?

from its resemblance to a hog's back. It is al- i

ways covered with straw and earth, to preserve :

the potatoes from the frost; such is the usual ^

mode in Cheshire. 1

Hooo, V, to put up potatoes in this way. '-J

HoLLiN, or HoLLETN, «. the holly-tree : an almost - *

literal adherence to the Anglo-Saxon Holayn. * II

Holt, or rather Hoult, «• a holing, going into a ^ ^

hole, or putting a ball into a hole, which is re- ':^

quired at several games. I gained three points * :;

at one hoult, i. e. at one holing. > "-^

Hoo, or rather Oo, pron, she. This word, which ri-

is in common use in the counties of Chester and '^^^

Lancaster, is merely the Ang. Sax. Heo. See ^

Layamon of Emley's translation of Wace's ^:::

Brut, Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle passim, i:';

andSomner. Verstegan in his Glossary of the v

Ancient English Tongue, at the end of his Re- ^' ;

stitution of Decayed Intelligence, has " Heo for - ,
she ; " and in some places in England they yet
say Heo, or Hoo, instead of she.

By Hulch and Stulch, By hook and by crook. ^

Hulch is probably a corruption of Hutch, the |



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48 An Attempt at a Glossary

area frumentaria of the pantry; and Stolch may
be the beginning of the word Steal, with the
termination in ulch, in order to make it rime
with Hulch. It means, as well by saving as by
theft, by all possible means. The proverbial
expression is not. By hook and by crook, but
By hook or by crook ; meaning a determination
to obtain <Hie's object either by direct or indi-
rect ways,— quocunque modo.

Hull, v, to throw.

HuLLOT, or HuLLART, s. an owlet or owl.

HuBE, s, the hair. Lan.

HuRE-so&E, when the skin of the head is sore
from a cold.

HuRRT, s, a bout, a set-to, a scolding, a quarrel;
perhaps firom the old word to harry, or to
harass.



Jack Nicker, s, a goldfinch: why so called I
cannot conjecture. It is particular, however,
to observe the appropriation of Christian names
to many kind of birds. Thus all litdQ birds
are by children called Dicky birds. We have
Jack Snipe, Jack Daw, Tom Tit, Robin Red-
breast, Poll Parrot, a 6iU-hooter ; a Magpie is
always called Madge, a Starling Jacob, a Spar«
row Philip, and a Raven Ralph.



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of»ome Words used in Cheshire, 49

Jack-sharp, or Sharplino, «. a small fish called
a stickleback.

Jag, Qt Jaoo, s, a small parcel, a small load of
hay or com. In Norfolk it is called a bargain.

Jagg, or Jag, v, to trim up the small branches of
a tree.

Jee, or a-Jee, adv* awry.

Jersey, or rather Jaysey, a ludicrous and con-
temptuous term for a lank head of hair, as re-
sembling combed wool or flax, which is called
Jersey. He has got a fine jaysey. " Jarsey, the
finest wool, separated from the rest by comb-
ing." Bailey's Diet.

Insense, V, to instruct, to inform : To lay open a
business to any one is to insense him. To in-
sense is a word formed in a similar manner
with the old French word cLssagir^ rendre sag^.

Iktack, s, an inclosure on a common, waste, or
forest. An Intake.

Jumps, s, a kind of stays worn by wet-nurses,
which are easily loosened in order to facilitate
her suckling the child.

JuRNUT, or Yernut, s, a pignut, Bunium Bulbo-
castanum,

K.

ICailyXrds, or rather Kelyards, the name of cer-
tain orchards in the city of Chester. Kailyard

E



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50 An Attempt at a Glossary

in Scotch is a cabbage- or a kitchen-garden.
Jam. Yard and garden are both of them the
slime thing, and derived from the A.S. Geard.
See Diversions of Purley, vol. 2. p. %75,

KaleL See in voce Cale.'

Kazardly, adj. Lan. unlucky, liable to accident :
perhaps a corruption of Hazardly.

Keck, v. to put any thing imder a vessel which
lifts it up and makes it stand uneven. In Lan-
cashire to Keyke or Kyke, is to stand crooked.
Keck, 0. is. usually to heave at the stomach.
Keck is the same word, differently applied, and
means to lift up, or to heave.

Keeve, V, to overturn or lift up a cart, so as to
unload it all at once. Ash calls it local.

Kench, 9. a twist or wrench, a strain or sprain.
Kenks (a sea term), are the doublings in a cable
or rope when it does not run smooth.

Keout, s. a little barking cur-dog. Rahdle Hohne,
in his Academy of Armoury, uses Skaut or Kaut
for the same, which seems to designate Scout
for its etymology ; and this is partly confirmed
by that line of Tusser —

<< Make bandog thy Scout-watch to bark at a Uiie£"

Keow, or sometimes Ku, s, sounding the u some-
what like ouy is used for Cow. — Ky, or Key, s.
(the plural) Cows.



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of some Words used in Cheshire, 51

Ke&ye, V, to turn sour.

KiBBO KiFT. Thus in Cheshire is called a proof of
great strength ; namely, for a man to stand in a
half-foushel and lift from the ground and place
on his shoulders a load of wheat,diatis, 14 score
w^ht. This is c^ed by the name of Kibbo
Kift ; why, I do not know : but I have some idea
of having seen somewhere the word Kibbo or
Kibbow used in the sense of strong. Should it
not rather be Kibbow Gift? and in that case the
feat above mentioned will be a gift of strength.

KnMJROW, or Kiixjbew, s, a place to put a suck«
ing calf in. Bailey has this word, but he writes
it Kibgrow. Crybbe being the A.S. word for
stall or stable, and Crebbe being the same in
Teutonic, Bailey's mode of writing the word,
though dift^ing from the ordinary pronuncia-
tion of ity is probably right.

KiNB, V. to kindle the fire.

KiTLiNO, s, a kitten. Ash says it is not common.
It is Scotch, Jam. Kytlinge, catellus, P. P. C.

KiVER, ». and s, to cover, a cover, used by Wic-
liffe in his MS. translation of the Psalms.

Knicky-Knackt, adj, handy, adroit.

Knocker-knee'd, adj, said of those knees which
in action strike against each other. It is usually
called baker-knee'd.

Knotchelled, or Notcuelled, adj, or pari,
e;^



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52 An Attempt at a Glossary

When a man publicly declares he will not pay
any of his wife's debts, which have been con-
tracted since some fixed day, she is said to be
knotchelled, a certain disgraceful imaginary
mark. Lan.
Knottings, s, thin, corn, not well grown. Acad.
Arm.



Lad's Love, s. or Old Man, s. for by both these
names is thie herb Southern wood, called.

Ladgen, or Laggen, v. is to close the seams of
any wooden vessels which have opened from
drought, so as to make them hold water. This
is done by throwing the vessels into water,
which swells the wood and closes the seams.
P. P. C. has to laggen, or drabelen, pahutro.
N.B. to drabble, to wet or dirty, is a word of
frequent colloquial occurrence, though omitted
by our best lexicographers.

Laith, adj, loth, unwilling..

Lat, s. a lath. Lan.

Lat, adj, lattance, s, hindrance ; Lat, r. to hin-
der. Jam. has lattance, as well as to .lat, v. to
hinder. Ang. Sax. Latian, to hinder or delay.
An old sense of the verb to Let was to defer or
put off. In Horman's Vulgaria we read, — "I let
piy journey for the lowrynge wether, Propter



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of some Words used in Cheshire, 53

nubilum distuli profectionem." To Let comes
either from the Gothic Latjan, tardare, or from
the Suio-Gothic Lattia, tardare, morari.

Lat-a-poot, ctdj, slow in moving. Letten, ver-
letten, Dutch. Latjan, Goth, tardare.

Lathe, v, to ask, to invite, O. W. Lan.

Laws you now, an exclamation. See you now ;
used as Lo ! The Ang. Sax. for Lo is La.

Leet, t;. to let, also to light with a person, or meet
him. I connah leet on him, — I cannot meet
with him.

Leet, Leeten, r. to pretend or feign. You are
not 80 ill as you leeten yourself, — as you suffer
yourself to appear. In Jam. Scotch Dictionary
we read to Leit, leet, let, to pretend to give, to
make a show of. Junius assigns Laeten, Belg.
for its origin. Lseeta, Icelandic, simulare, se
gerere, Late, gestus. Belgice, Laeten, videri,
simulare, gerere se hoc vel illo modo. Gothice,
Linter, dolus, Linta, hypocrita.

Less is pronounced as if it was written Lass.

Lich-oates, s, are the gates of the church-yard :
LicH-ROAD, *. the road by which the corpse
passes for interment: from the A.S. Lice, cor-
pus. — N.B. These gates are, I believe, never
opened but for funerals.

XiiCKSoME, or Lissome, adj, lightsome, pleasant,
agreeable. Chiefly applied to places or situa-



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54) An Attempt at a Glossary

tions. Lissome often means active, agile, the
same as hinge. A pretty girl is said to be a
licksome girl.

LiK£ is used in tlie sense of obliged to do anj
thing, forced to do it. Thou hast like to do it.

Lipp'n, w. to lippenj to expect. A. Sax. Leaf-an,
credere.

Lite,, s. a little* A farmer, after enumerating the
numher of acres he has in wheat and barley, will
often add, " and a lite wuts," i. e. a little oats.
It is an O. W. used by Chaucer. Danish Lidt,
a little. Wolf. Daii. Diet.

LitHE, V. To hthe the pot is to put thickesiHEigs
into it. A.S. Lithan, to lay one thing close to
another. Som. To Alyth is a good <^d word,
and used in this sense in the Forme of Cury,
p. 107.

LiTHER, adj, Lan, idle, lazy : long and lither is
said of a tall idle person. Ash calls it obsolete.
A.S. Lith, mollis, lenis. Chaucer uses it as
wicked. " There is no flatterer nor losyll so

: tydier" is a lin4 of Shehon in his Interlude of
Magnificeiice.

LiTHiNG, or LiTHiNGS, *. thickening for the pot,
either flour or oatmeal. Lyder, Icelandic. To
alye, is an O. W. for to mix.

Litigious, adj. I have heard weather that im-
peded the harvest so called; but I believe it



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')



of same Words used in Cheshire. 55

is only a cant term, and not a true county
word.

Locked, part, a faced card in a pack is said to be
locked.

Loom, s. a utensil, a tool, a piece of 'furniture. ^

Som. says Geloma, utensilia, supellex, utensils, •

things of frequent necessary use, household .Z

stuff. Belgis eodem sensu Alaem, alem. Hinc .1

jurisperitorum nostrorum Heir-lome, pro supel- ^

lectili hsereditaria. ^

A liONGk WITH, All alono with, Awlung with, ^Z

cause, occasion. It is all along with such a per-
son that this business does not proceed, he is
the occasion, &c. ; evidently from the A.S. ^

Gelang, ex culpa. 'Z

Lop, Loup, Loppen, perf, tense and part, of the
verb to leap. • ^

Lorjus, an exclamation. Lord Jesus !

Lount, s. a piece of land in a common field, per- ^

haps a corruption of Lond* T*

LoicK, V. to happen by good fortune. If I had t'

lucked, if I had had the good fortune. ^

LuKGEous, adj. ill-tempered, disposed to do some
bodily harm by a blow or otherwise. AUonger, ^

French, to lunge. A lunge is common for a
violent kick of a horse, though Dr. Ash has
omitted it.

Lu^KET-DisH, s. the herb Pennyroyal.



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56 An Attempt at a Glossary

M.

Macken um doot, — make them do it.

Madfash, s, amadbrain. Pash is the head. See
Jam. •

Maigh, or May, v, Lan. a corruption of to make.
Maigh th'dur or th*yate, — shut it, or fasten it ;
perhaps an abbreviation of make fast. An
Italianism, Far la porta, is to shut the door.

Many a time and oft is a common expression,
and means, frequently. This use of the word
Many in the singular number is by no means un-
common either in colloquial or in written lan-
guage ; Many aman, and Many a day, are expres-
sions fully justified by common usage. So, in
the Merchant of Venice, Shylock says " Many a
time and oft, on the Rialto you have rated me."
With which colloquial expression, though com-
mon through all England, Mr. Kean, the actor
in the part of Shylock, being unacquainted, al-
ways spoke the passage by making a pause in

the middle of it thus: " Many a time ^and

oft on the Rialto,** without having any authority
from the text of Shakespeare for so doing.

Mara, the Forest of Mara, the old name of the
Forest of Delamere. Randle H(^e, passim.

Mare-F — T, s. the name of the Yellow Ragwort,
Senecio Jacobcea,



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ofsiome Words used in Cheshire. 57

Marry! come up, my dirty cousin, is an ex-
pression used to those who affect any extreme
nicety pr delicacy which does not belong to them ;
or to those who assume a distinction to which

they have no claim. This saying must have <7

had some local origin, which has not been trans- ' i

mitted to us. ;2

Masker, v. the same as Flasker. Jam. has to ;^

mask, to catch in a net. Maske, mesh of a net. ^^

Flemish, Halma. «J

Maw, s, the stomach. A.S. Maga, stomachus. Som. ^

Maw-bound, adj, said of a cow in a state of cos- C

tiveness. < :i

Mawks, s, a dirty figure, or mixture. Ash calls *:-

it colloquial. -^

Meal, s. the appointed time when a cow is milk- -^

ed. She gives so much at a meal. A. S. Msel, U

portio, aut spatium temporis. Som. "^

Measter, s, master. **■

Measure, s. a Winchester bushel of corn. ■::^

Meet, a kind of adverbial expletive, expressive )-^

of something of late occurrence. Just meet [ -

now, is just even now. See Junius in voce : •

Meet. A. S. Gemet, obvius, which Somner :*
translates Met, in English.

Mblch, adj, mild, soil; perhaps from milk, either
through the medium of the A.S. Meolc, or tlie
Belgic Melk. Lan. '



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58 An Attempt at a Glossary

Mich, adj, Michness, s, Scotch. Jam. Mich of
a micliness, much the game.

MiCKLEs, s, size. He is of no mickles ; he ia of
jQO size or height. Mickle is common in the
North, hoth as a substantive and as an adjec-
tive, but the word Mickles I believe peculiar
to Cheshire and Lancashire.

Mid-feather, s. is a narrow ridge of land left
between two pits, usuaUy between an old marl
pit and a new one which He contiguous to each
other.

Mittens, s. strong hedging-gloves containing the
whole hand, not leaving any distinct places for
the fingers.

MixEN, s. a dunghill. A. S. Mixen. Somner.

MizzicK, s, MizziCKY, adj, a boggy place. John-
son has Mizzy.

Mizzle, s, small rain ; rather Mistte, as derived
from Mist. Dr. Ash admits the verb to mizzle,
but Injects the substantive.

MoNNY. Such is the vulgar pronunciation of Many.

MoBTAcious, adj, mortal ; mortacious bad, very bad.

To CATCH A PERSON NAPPING AS MosS CAUOHT BIS

MARE is a Cheshire adage, respecting which
Mr. Archdeacon Nares, in his Glossary, says :
" "Who Moss was, historians have not recorded,"
&c. We have, however, one authority for iis
being a gray mare:



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J



of some Words used in Cheshire. 69

" 21U daye come catch him as Mosse his grey mare."

Chrislnuu Prince, p. 40.

This throws some light upon the adage, though

not sufficient for its perfect explanation. By

his gray mare is certainly meant his wife. ^

" The gray mare is the better horse " implies

that the Mistress rules ; and in the low colloquial :

style of the French, La jument grise, means tlie ^

wife. ^

Mot, 5. moat, a wide ditch for defence, surround- -J

ing ancient country seats or castles. ^

Much, s. a wonder, an extraordinary thing. It is C

much if such a thing happen.

Muchness, s. is used for similitude in size, in num- "^

her, or in value ; as for instance : it is said of ^

two things between which there is not any dif- •*

ference or ground for choice, They are much ^

of a muchness.

MucKiNDER, s, a dirty napkin or pocket handker-
chief. In Ort. Voc. we have Muckeder, mete
cloth, or towel. Littleton has Muckinger, and i^'-

so has Bailey.

MuN> V, must. Moune, or have a right, possum.
P. P. C. Mowe, for may, is common in Spenser,
Mowne is used by Wicliffe for must : not mown,
nequeo. Ort. Vocab.

MuKcoEN, s, Blencorn, Mengecom and Blende-
corn, maslin, wheat and rye mixed together



:d



t .'



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60 An Attempt at a Glossary

as they grow. Mungril is mixed. See Min-
shew.

MuBENGEB, s. a Superintendent of the walls of a
town or city. This word is in Ainsworth and
in Todd, hut I never heard it used except in
the city of Chester, where two officers are an-
nually selected firom among the aldermen, ^ho
are called the Murengers, and to whom the re-
paration of the city walls is confided. This
consideration seems to give the word Murenger
a title to a place in this little Glossary.

M^seiL, pron, so pronounced, — ^myself.

N.
Naar, or Nar, near or nearer. Littleton has Narr

for nearer. Danish, Nsehr, nigh. Wolf. Dan.

Diet.
Natter*d, adj. natured, i. e. ill-natured ; very

nattered is very ill-tempered. Knattle, in Lan.,

is cross, ill-natured. To natter, or gnatter, is

also to gnaw into small pieces.
Neeld, or NiELD, s. is in Cheshire in common use

for a needle. It is used by Shakespeare.
Neese, V, to sneeze.
Neest, s, nest. The boys say, To go a bird's

neezing ; that is, in search of birds* nests.
Neezle, V, to nestle, to settle oneself in a good

situation.



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of some Words used in Cheshire, 61

NoBBUT, none but. Who was there? Nobbut
John.

NoGGiKG, s. The filling up of the interstices be-
tween the timber work in a wooden building

with sticks and clay is called the nogging. *J

NoooiNTLE, 5. a nogginful. ^ i

NoiNT, V, to anoint; figuratively, to beat severely. ^ :;

A NoiNTED ONE, odj, OX part, an unlucky or mis- -5

chievous boy, who may be supposed to have J

been severely corrected, is so called ; a term cor- J

responding with the French un reprouve. •»•

NooKSHOTTEK, cdj. disappointed, mistaken, hav- C

ing overshotten the mark. Shakespeare uses the i

word in Henry V. " That nook-shotten isle of ^

Albion;*' and the commentators suppose it to ^

have reference to the jagged form of the En- ^

glish coast. Pegge explains the word by " be- r«

vel, not at right angles;" and Randle Holme, "^

in his Academy of Armoury, among the glazier's *^

terms has, *^ a Querke is a nook-shoten pane, ;:::

whose sides and top run out of a square form ;" ::
so that we may conceive what the artist meant

to be a quarry or right-angled pane, had, from ;;:

his want of skiU, turned out otherwise ; and so -*
far Nook-shotten may mean mistaken, not mea-
sured by the square, not exact.
Note, s. A dairy of cows is said to be in good

note, when all the cows come into mOking at i

the best time for making cheese, I



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6IS An Attempt at a Glossary

Nought, or Naught, adj. Lan. bad, worthless :
stark nought, good for nothing. It is often em-
ployed in the sense of unchaste, as explained by
Bailey. Sir Thomas More in his Apologye
uses nought in the sense of wicked.

Nought, Naught : to call to naught, to abuse very
much. To call to naught is in Hor. V ul. p.l 34,
in tergo.

Nudge, s, a jog or push.

NuDOE, r. to jog or push.

O.

OccAGioN, s. for Occasion, used in the sense of
cause or motive, as '^ I was the occagion, or ca-
gion, of his doing so."

Ommost is the common pronunciation of Almost.

Ok, ado. a female of any kind who is maris appe-
tens is said to be On.

Onliest, adj. pronounced ownliest, superlative of
Only : the best or most approved way of doing
any thing is said to be the onliest way.

OoN, s. oven.

Oss, or OssE, V. Lan. to offer, begin, attempt, or
set about any thing, to be setting out. Ash
calls it local. Holland in his translation of
Pliny has ** Osses and Presages." To osse is
likewise to recommend a person to assist you.
Edgworth, in his Sermons in the time of Hen-
ry Vni. uses to osse for to prophesy, in the



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ofswne Words used in Cheshire, 63

same sense in which HoUand uses it ; but in
Cheshire it has the above meaning.

OwETHER, either. O. W. Piers Plouhman :
Whitaker's edition.


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