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International catalogue of scientific literature, Volume 1, Part 2 online

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LSoc 5 .5"^. 4

IfearfaarU College liftrarg




Under a vote of the President and Fellows
October 24, 1898.

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Pkof. H. E. ABMSTBONG (Ukitbd Einodoh).

Db. W. T. BLANFORD (Iwdia).

De. J. BBUNOHORST (Nobway).

Db. E. W. DAHLaBEN (Sweden).

Pbof. Db. J. H. aBAF (Switzbbland).

Pbof. J. W. OBEGOBT (Viotoeia).

Db. Fb. Th. KOpPEN (Busbia).

Db. M. KNUDSEN (Dhmabk).

Pbof. D. J. KOBTEWEa (Hollahd).

Pbof. H. LAMB (S. Austbalia).

Pbof. S. P. LAN^LEY (Ukitbd Statbb).


Pbof. E. NASINI (Italy).


Pbof. H. POINOABfi (Fbahoe).

Pbof. GUSTAV BADOS (Huitoaby).

B. TBIMEN. Esq. (Cape Colony).

DbJ O. DblJP^OEM (Gbbmany), i ,

Pbof. E. WEISS (Aubtbia).

Pbof. J. SAKUBAI (Japan).


Db. J. LABMOB, Sec. B.8.
Db. L. MOND.
Pbof. B. NASINI.
Pbof. H. POINOABfi.
Pbof. T. E. THOBPE.




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First Annual Issue






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France: QiDTHKR-YnxAiiB, Paris
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The Inteknational Catalogue of Scientific Literature, com-
mencing with the literature of the year 1901, is an outgrowth of the
Catalogue of Scientific Papers relating to the scientific literature of the
nineteenth century, published by the Royal Society of Ix)ndon.

llie suggestion to catalogue scientific papers may be traced back
to Prof. Henry, of Washington, U.S.A., who brought the subject
under the notice of the British Association for the Advancement of
Science at its meeting in Glasgow, in 1855. The history of the incep-
tion of the enterprise is recorded in the first volume of the Catalogve
of Scientific Papers issued by the Royal Society in 1867. Twelve
large quarto volumes have been printed in which the titles of papers
pablished dunng the period 1800-1883 are arranged under authors'
names. A subject index, which will serve as a key to these volumes
and also form an independent record, is in an advanced state of
preparation. A catalogue of the scientiiSc papers published during the
period 1884-1900 is now being prepared by the Royal Society of

The possibility of preparing a complete index of current scientific
literature by international co-operation was first taken into considera-
tion by the Royal Society about the year 1893. It had long been
apparent that the work was beyond the resources of the Society, or
indeed of any single body. Moreover, it was felt that an authors'
catalogue could not supply the required information, and that it was
essential that scientific workers snould be kept ftilly and quickly
informed of all new discoveries by means of complete subject indexes.
International co-operation appeared to be the only means of carrying
out such a work with the necessary completeness and rapidity. The
Society therefore sought the opinion of a very large number of
representiitive bodies and individuals abroad; and, as the replies
were almost uniformly in favour of the work being undertaken
by international co-operation, steps were taken to summon an
International Conference of Delegates appointed by various

The Conference took place in London on July 14-17, 1896,
and was attended by delegates from Canada, Cape Colony, Denmark,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico,
Natal, the Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand, Norway,
Queensland, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United

(D-4720) A 2

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It was unanimously resolved that it was desirable to compile and
publish, by means of an international organisation, a complete
Catalogue of Scientific Literature, arranged according both to subject
matter and to authors' names, in which regard should be had, in the
first instance, to the requirements of scientific investigators, so that
these might find out, with a minimum of trouble, what had been
published on any particular subject of enquiry.

It was agreed that the material should, as far as possible, be
collected in the various countries by local organisations established
for the purpose, and that the final editing and publication of the
Catalogue should be entrusted to a Central international Bureau,
acting under the direction of an International Council. It was agreed
to establish the Central Bureau in London.

Although the question of the method to be adopted in classifying
the subject matter of the several sciences was discussed at great
length, no decision other than one adverse to the Dewey system was
arrived at. The Royal Society was requested to appoint a Com-
mittee to take this and many other questions of detail left undecided
by the Conference, into consideration.

As the result of the arduous labours of this Committee, complete
schedules were prepared for each of the sciences to be catalogued,
and a financial statement was also prepared showing the estimated
cost of the Cataloerue.

The report of the Committee was considered at a second Conference,
held in London on October 11-13, 1898, which was attended by
accredited representatives from Austria, Belgium, Cape Colony,
France, Germany, Hungary, India, Japan, Mexico, Natal, ttie Nether-
lands, New Zealand, Norway, Queensland, Sweden, Switzerland the
United Kingdom, and the United States.

At this meeting the conclusions arrived at by the first Conference
were generally confirmed, and much progress was made in deciding
the principles to be adopted in preparing Sie Catalogue.

Full schedules for the several sciences, which had been prepared by
the Committee of the Royal Society, were laid before the delegates.
Ultimately, after prolonged discussion, it was decided to adopt an
arbitrary combined system of letters, numbers, and other symbols,
adapted in the case of each branch of science to its particular needs.
A Provisional International Committee was appointed to settle
authoritatively the details of the schedules.

The financial position was fully discussed, but no definite conclusions
could be arrived at. The delegates atteudmg the meeting were
requested to obtain further information on the subject in their respec-
tive countries, and to report to the Provisional International Committee.

The Provisional International Committee met in London on August
1-5, 1899. The Committee had arranged for the co-option of an
Italian and a Russian member, and M. Th. Koppen attended as the
representative of Russia.

The reports received from various countries were considered.
Schedules for the seventeen branches of science to be included in the
Catalogue were approved for adoption. The financial position was
again very fully considered, especially in relation to the establishment
of the Central Bureau ; and it was finally resolved to recommend that

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the Royal Society be requested to organise the Central Bureau, and to
do all necessary work, so that the preparation of the Catalogue might
be commenced in 1901.

Mainly in consequence of representations made by the German
Government, in order to reduce the cost of the enterprise the Pro-
visional International Committee agreed to recommend that the
Catalogue should at the outset be of a more restricted character than
was contemplated by either the first or the second Conference^ that
is to say, that the issue of a card catalogue should be postponed, and
that the number of subject entries should be kept within narrow limits.

A third International Conference was held in London on June 12
and 13, 1900. This was attended by accredited representatives from
Anatria, Cape Colony, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Italy,
Japan, Mexico, Natul, New Zealand, Norway, Queensland, Switzerland,
and the United Kingdom. The report oif the Provisional Inter-
national Committee appointed at the second Conference was considered,
and also a detailed scheme for the publication of the Catalogue
which had been prepared, at the request of the Committee, by the
Royal Society.

Tbe statements made by the delegates of various countries as to the
extent to which they were authorised to promise contributions towards
the expenses of the Catalogue being satisfactory, it was resolved to
take further steps towards the publication of the Catalogue ; and
for this purpose, pending the appointment of an International Council,
tbe ('Onference again appointed a Provisional International Committee.
This Committee met at the conclusion of the Conference, and after-
wards continued its deliberations through the agency of the Royal

All difficulties were finally removed by the Koyal Society undertaking
to act as the publishers of the Catalogue on behalf of the International
Council, thereby giving the necessary legal status to the undertaking,
and also to advance the capital required to start the enterprise on the
understanding that this should be repaid during the ensuing five

The supreme control over the Catalogue is vested in an International
ConventtOD. Such a Convention is to be held in London in 1905, in
lyiO, and every tenth year afterwards, to reconsider, and, if necessary,
to revise the regulations for carrying out the work of the Catalogue ;
but the approved Schedules are not to be altered during the first
period of five years. In the interval between two successive meetings
of the Convention the administration of the Catalogue is vested in an
International Council, the members of which are to be appointed by
the Regional Bureaus.

The first meeting of the International Council was held in London
on Decern l)er 12, 1900, when it was decided to commence the
preparation of the Catalogue from January 1, ItlOl. At this meeting
an Executive Committee was appointed, consisting of the delegates of
the Royal Societ^^ and representatives of the four largest subscribers —
the United States of America, Germany, France, and Italy.

The materials out of which the Catalogue is formed are to be
furnished by Regional Bureaus.

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Regional Bureaus have already been established in Austria, Belgium,
Canada, Cape Colony, Denmark, Egypt, France,Great Britain and Ireland,
Germany, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Italy, India and Ceylon, Japan,
Mexico, New Zealand, New South Wales, Norway, Portugal, Poland,
Queensland, Russia, South Australia, Sweden, Switzerland, the United
States of America, Victoria, Western Australia, Finland.

Hie branches of Science to be included in the Catalogue are the
seventeen following : —

A — ^Mathematics

B — Mechanics

C— Physics

D — Chemistry

E — Astronomy

P — ^Meteorology (including Terrestrial Magnetism)

G — Mineralogy (including Petrology and Crystallography)

H — Geology

J — Geography (Mathematical and Ph3'sical)

K — Palaeontology

L — General Biology

M — Botany

N — ^Zoolog}'^

— Human Anatomy

P — Physical Anthropology

Q — Physiology (including experimental Psychology, Pharmacology

and experimental Pathology)
R— Bacteriology

Each complete annual issue of the Catalogue thus consists of
seventeen volumes. The price at which this set is sold to tlie
public is £18. Individual volumes are sold at prices varying with
their size from about ten to thirty-nine shillings.

A Schedule of Classification and an Index thereto are pre-
fixed to each volume in English, French, Geiman, and Italian.
This will not only enable the scientific worker to study the system
of classification in the language with which he is most familiar, but
also in cases of doubt — e,g. as to the meaning of a word — will enable
him to refer to the corresponding entry in another language. Should
there be a marked discrepancy among the schedules on any point the
English schedule is to be taken as g^iide, the schedules printed in that
language being those which were approved by the International

The various headings and sub-headings throughout the Subject Index
aie given in English. Translations of the main headings can be found
on reference to the schedules in the other languages by means of
the registration numbers that are attached to them.

The entries in the Subject Indexes are in the language of the
original paper when that is one of the following five languag^es :
Latin, English, French, German, and Italian. These are the only
languages used in the Subject Index, but in case of translation the
name of the languag^e of the orig-iual is inserted within round brackets.

In the Authors' Catalogue each title is given in the original
language. When, however, that language is not one of the five

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above mentioned, a translation into one of these five languages is
added. In snch cases the actaal title is printed first, and is followed
bj the translation within square brackets.

. It was .provided by the oci^Jnal scheroe that the Catalogue should
comprise all original contributions to the branches of science which
come within its scope, whether these had been publislied in periodicals,
or in the journals of societies, or as independent pamphlets, memoirs,
or books.

In order that a scientific investigator might be in a position to
ascertain by means of the Catalogue what has from time to time been
published concerning each particular subject of inquiry, it was held to
be of great importance that not only the titles of papers but their subject
matter also should be indexed. As stated above, however, financial
coDsiderations have led to the number of subject-entries being at
present limited in number. But the expense of making subject-entries
would be very greatly reduced if all periodicals adopted a practice
already carried out by some journals, namely, that of indexing each
paper at the time of its publication. Indeed, were this carefully done,
the Bureaus preparing the Catalogue would no longer have to study
the contents of papers in order to prepare the subject-entries, and the
saving thereby effected would make it possible to enlarge the scope
of the Catalogue, until it include all original scientific communications.
Seeing how necessary such a complete subject catalogue is for the
progress of science, it is hoped that all editors and authors will
co-operate in so preparing subject-indexes for all papers at the time
of their publication.

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34 AND 85, Southampton Street,

London, W.C,

Director, — H. Forster Morley, M.A., D.Sc.


All communications for the several Regional Bureaus are to be
sent to the addresses here given.

Austria.— Herr Dr. J. Karabacek, Direktor, K. K. Hofbibliothek,

Belgium. — Monsieur Louis Masure, Secretaire-General de TOffice
International de Bibliographie, Brussels.

Canada.— Prof. J. G. Adami, McGill College, Montreal.

Cape Colony. — L. Perinquey, Esq., South African Museum, Cape
Town, Cape of Good Hope.

Denmark. — Dr. Martin Knudsen, Poljteknisk Leeranstalt, Copen-
hagen. E.

Egypt. — Capt. H. J. Lyons, R.E., Director-General, Survey Department,

Finland. — Herr Hjalmar Lenning, Bibliothekar der Societat der
VVissenschaften, Helsingfors.

France. — Monsieur le Dr. J. Deniker, 8, Rue de Buffon, Paris.

Germany.— Herr Prof. Dr. 0. Uhlworm, Enckeplatz, 3a, Berlin, S.W.

Greece. — Monsieur D. Metaxas, Charge d'Affaires for Greece, Greek
Legation, 31, Marloes Road, Cromwell Road, S.W.

Holland. — Heer Prof. D. J. Korteweg, Uuiversitat, Amsterdam.

Hungary. — Herr Prof. Gustav Rados, viii, Miizeumkorut, Muegyetem,

India and Ceylon. — ^The Hon. Sec., Asiatic Society of Bengal,
67, Park Street, Calcutta.

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Italy.— Gav. £. Maucini, Aocademia dei Lincei, Palazzo Corsini,
Lnngara, Rome.

Japan. — Prof. J, Sakurai, Imperial University, Tokyo.

Mexico.— SeSor Don Job^ M. Viril, Presidente del Instituto Biblio-
gmfico Mexicano, Biblioteca Nacional, Mexico City.

New South Wales.— The Hon. Sec., Royal Society of New South
Wales, Sydney.

New Zealand.— Sir James Hector, K.C.M.6., Director of the New
Zealand Institute, Wellington, N.Z.

Norway. — Dr. J. Brunchorst, Bergenske Museum, Bergen.

Poland (Austrian, Russian and Prossian).— Dr. T. Estreicher,
Sekretftr, Komisya Bibliograficzna, Akademii Umiejetnosci,

Fortngal. — Senhor F. Oomez Teixeira, Academia Polytechnica do Porto,

Queensland.— John Shirley, Esq., B.Sc., Cordelia Street, South


Russia. — Monsieur E. Heintz, rObservatoire Physique Central Nicolas,
Vass. Ostr. 2d-me ligne, 2, St Petersburg.

South Australia.— The Librarian, Public Library of South Australia,

Sweden. — Dr. E. W. Dahlgren, Royal Academy of Sciences, Stock-

Switzerland. — Herr Prof. Dr. J. H. Graf, Scbweizerische Landes-
bibliothek, Bern.

The United States of America.- Prof. S. P. Langley, Smithsonian
Institution, Washington.

Victoria. — Prof. J. W. Gregory, Royal Society of Victoria, Victoria
Street, Melbourne.

Western Australia.— J. S. Battye, Esq., Victoria Public Library,

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The present volume consiste of three parts : —

(a) Schedules and Indexes in four languages.

(b) An Authors* Catalogue.

(c) A Subject Catalogue.

The Subject Catalogue is divided into sections, each of which is
denoted by a four-figure number between OCOO and 9999. These
numbers follow one another in numerical order, but all the 9999
numbers are not used, for it is intended to fill up the gaps by interpola-
tion of such additional sections as may be required for additions to the
system of classification in futiure years.

To enable the reader to find these numbers quickly, the first or last
number on the page is repeated at the head of the page. In looking
up a subject, these numbers, which are called Registration numbers,
should be used instead of the ordinary pagination. These Registration
numbera serve to divide up the subject into sections, each of which
deals with related matter.

In each section the final arrangement of papers is in the
alphabetical order of authors' names.

In order to find the papers dealing with a particular subject the
reader may either consult the Schedule or the Index to the Schedule.
The numbers given in the index are Registration numbers, and can be
used at once for turning to the proper page of the Subject Index. This
is done by looking at the numbers at the top corners of the pages.

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At the end of the volume there is an alphabetical index to the
Subject Catalogue. The four-figure numbers given in this list are
the registration numbers.

If the reader remember the name of the Author of a paper on a
given subject, he will probably find it convenient to refer to the
Authors' Catalogue rather than to the Subject Catalogue.

In the Authors' Catalogue the numbers placed within square brackets
at the end of each entry are Registration numbers, and serve to
indicafe the scope of each paper indexed. The meaning of these
numbers will at once be found by reference to the Schedule.

In case the abbreviated titles of Journals are not understood, a key
to these is provided at the end of the volume.

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The literature iudexed in the Catalogue is that published since
January 1st, 1901.

Any i)ortion of the literature of 1901 which may not have been
dealt with in the first annual issue will be included in the cor-
responding volumes of the second annual is8iie of the Catalogue.

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International Catalogue of Scientific Literature.


0000 Philosophy.

0010 History. Biography.

0020 Periodicals. Reports of Institutions, Societies^
Congresses, etc.

0030 General Treatises, Text Books, Dictionaries, Biblio-
graphies. Tables.

0040 Addresses, Lectures.

0050 Pedagogy.

0060 Institutions, Collections, Economics.

0070 Nomenclature.

ChemiBtry (Speoiflo) of the Elements.

0100 General.

Aix specifically chemical subject matter, and such other entries
as may be desirable, relating to the elements generally excepting
carbon, shall be arranged under this heading. In the case of
caibon, such entries' as concern the element or those of its com-
pOTinds which are not treated as derivatives of hydrocarbons
(cyanogeo, Ac) shall alone be included under this lieading.

The elements shall be arranged alphabetically in the order of
tlieir symbols, and numbered from 0110 onwards as follows, the
appropriate symbol being appended to each number : —

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Olio (Ag) Argeritum (Silver). 05:50

0120 (Al) Aluminium. 0540

0130 (Ar) Argon. 0550

0140 (As) Arsenic. 0560

OlnO (Au) Aurum (Gold> 0570

0160 (B) Boron. 0580

0170 (Ba) Barium. 0590

Online LibraryRoyal Society (Great Britain)International catalogue of scientific literature, Volume 1, Part 2 → online text (page 1 of 84)