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The Philosophical transactions of the Royal society of London, from their commencement in 1665, in the year 1800 (Volume 13) online

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THE



PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS



OF THE



ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON,



FROM THEIR COMMENCEMENT, JN 1665, TO THE TEAR 1800;



aijntjgeti*



WITH NOTES AND BIOGRAPHIC ILLUSTRATIONS,



BY



CHARLES HUTTON, LL.D. F.R.S.
GEORGE SHAW, M.D. F.R.S. F.L.S.
RICHARD PEARSON, M.D. F.S.A.



VOL. XIII.

FROM 1770 TO 1776.



LONDON :

PRINTED BY AND FOR C. AND R. BALDWIN, NEW BRIDGE-STREET, BLACK.FRIARS.

1809.






/c/ C



^r



LOAN STACK



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THIRTEENTH.



Q41
\zos



Page

Sir Wm. Hamilton, Journey to Mount Etna. 1

Ph. Carteret, Inhabitants of Patagonia .... 7

. , on a Camelopardalis 7

Dr. Johnstone, Uses of the Ganglions .... 8

Dr. Hampe, New Scaly Lizard 8

Cap. Cha. Douglas, Temperature of the Sea. .9

R. S. Raspe, R-oduction of White Marble. 10

Hon. D. Barringtuu, on a Young Musician. 1 1

Sam. Dunn, Transits of Venus 14

K. Fitzgerald, New Wheel Barometer 17

J. Swinton, on a Greek Coin 18

T. Woolcomb, a Death by a Gun Shot

Wound 19

Wm, Wales, Voyage to and from Hudson's

Bay , 22

I — , and Jo. Dymond, on the

Weather at ditto 32

J. Strange, Uncommon Sponges 32

Capt. Davies, the Preservation of Birds. . . 34

Captain Winn, Light on a Mast Head. ... 36

Dr. Priestley, Lateral Force of Electricity. 36

■ — , Experiments on Charcoal. . . 45

Dr. Borlase, Meteorological Observations. . 46

Dr. Cirillo, the Manna Tree, and Tarantula. 46

Capt. Deyloss, on the Transit of Venus. . . 47
Mr. Rowniug, Machine for the Roots of

Equations 48

N. Pigott, on the Transit of Venus 49

Dr. Price, Reversions and Survivorships. . . 50

i. B. Beccaria, Electrical Atmospheres. ... 50

T. S. Kukahn, Preservation of. Dead Birds. 50

Ja. Robertson, Blunlheaded Cachalot 57

Bishop Watson, on the Solution of Salts. . 59

Wm. Ludlam, Occultation of a Star 59

J. Winthrop, on the Transit of Venus 60

Mr. MaUett, Transit of Venus, Pendulums,

and Declination of the Needle 6 1

Wm. Hewson, Experiments on the Blood. 64

Dr. Hunter, Bones in Gibraltar Rock 64

Bishop Horsley, Newton's Theory of Light. 65

J. Landen, New Theorems for AJeas 77

Captain Rose, on the Transit of Venus 78

J. Latham, on a Periodical Fever 78

Jos. Warner, on a very Small Fetus 79

Charles Mason, on the Transit of Venus, &c. 80

M. Pingre, on the same 81

Dr. T. Heberden, Eclipses of Jupiter's

Satellite. 82

Dr. Smith, &c. on the Transit of Mercury. 83

J. Robertson, Cases of Compound Interest. 83

Mr. Ellis, on the Gordonia or Loblolly Bay. 84

— , on the Starry Aniseed Tree. ... 85

J. Swinton, on a Remarkable Meteor 6fl

VOL. XIII. a



Page
Dr. Price, Aberration of Light at a Transit

of Venus 89

Wm. Hudson, Catalogue of 5o Plants. ... pi

Don V. Doz, on the Transit of Venus. ... 91

M. Bourriot, on the same 92

Sir Wm. Hamilton, tlie Soil about Naples . . 9,'

J. Winthrop, on tlic Transit of Mercury. . . 93

J. Howard, Heat on Mount Vesuvius 93

Geo. Edwards, a Bird from the East-Indies. 93

Wm. Goriuch, Population of Holy Cross. . 94

Ste. de Visnie, on the Chinese Stoves .95

Fa. Gramont, on the Cliinese Stoves 95

A. Williams, a remarkable Thunder Storm. S8

J. Swinton, of an Liedited Coin 101

, on Two Etruscan Coins 101

, on Two Punic Inscriptions.... 103

M. Messier, on a New Comet, 104

Edw. Nairne, Equatorial Observatory 104

P. Woulfe, on the Auruni Mosaicum. . . . 106

Dr. Hanley, Tumour in the Abdomen. ... 108

Dr. Ducarel, concerning Chestnut Trees. . . 1 10

Mr. Thorpe, on the same subject 1 16

Edward Hasted, on the same 1 16

Daines Barrington, on the same. 1 16

Dr. Hunter, on the Nyl Ghau 117

Dr. Richardson, on the Aphides of Linnaeus. 120

Dr. Borlase, Meteorological Observations. 126"

J. Smeaton, of a New Hygrometer 127

J. B. Beccaria, on Phosphoric Colours 130

Bishop Watson, Effects of a great Cold. ... 131

Tho. Barker, Quantity of Rain at Lyndon. 131

Mr. Muller, Aquatic Bivalve Insects 133

Mic. Tyson, Singular South Sea Fish 136

J. Lloyd, on Elden Hole, Derbyshire 137

Edward King, on the same 1 37

Biographical Notice of Edward King, Esq. I37

Thomas Pennant, Two new Tortoises 141

Nat. Pigot, Meteorological Observations. . . 1 45

P. J. Bergius, Nyctanthes Elongata 1 47

Biographical Notice of Dr. P. J. Bergius. . . I47

Daines Barrington, an American Mole. ... 143

, Rain at Difterent Heights. 148

J. Landen, the Computation of Fluents. . . 150

J. R. Forster, Management o( Carp 154

Alexander Wilson, Severe Cold at Glasgow. 1 6 1

Dr. Crell, Experiments on Putrefaction. ... 163

J. Swinton, Ancient Persian Coins 169

R. H. Waring, some English Plants 171

S. Alchome, Catalogue of 50 Plants 173

Charles Green, Transit of Venus 174

Captain Cook, on the same 174

Biographical Notice of Capt. James Cook. . 174

Captain Cook, Variation of the Compass. . . 17.8



CONTENTS.



Pnne
J. M. Molir, Transits of Venus and Mercury. 1 SO
Dr. Pemberton, Moon's Paral. and Eclipses. 181
Wm. Jones, on Computing Logarithms. ... l^O

M. Raper, Greek and Roman Money 1 93

N. Maskelyne, Micrometer Measurements. 20 1
S. Horsley, Newtonian Theory of Light. . . '.'10

Fr. WoUaston, Going of his Clock 215

Dr. D. Monro, Pure Native Natron 216"

Tho. Homsby, Sun's Parallax determined. 220

R. E. Raspe, Basalt Hills in Hessia , 222

H. Cavendish, Phenomena of Electricity. . 223
Ja. Badenach, Uncommon Malacca Bird. . . 267
D. Barrington, on the Hare and Rabbit. . . . '267
Dr. D. Monro, Mineral Waters in Scotland. S7 1
Geo. Witchell, Astronomical Observations. 2/6

T. Barker, Meteorological Register 277

Dr. Bradley, Use of the Micrometer 277

J. R. Forster, Hudson's Bay Dying Roots. . 282

J. Swinton, Plietoriaa Denarius, &c 283

Mr. Euler, jun. Sun's Parallax determined. 284
Capt. C. Newland, Chart and Voyage of

tlie Red Sea 2S6

, Voy. to Judda and Mocha. 2h7

■■ , to Distil fresh 'Water from

Salt '.'89

, White Spots in the Sea. '^90

N. Maskelyne, on the Hadley's Quadrant. . 292

J. Walker, Irruption of Solway Moss 304

' J. Z. Holwell, New Species of Oak 306

Wm. Henley, Effects of Lightning at Tot-
tenham-Court-Road Chapel 307

Tho. Ronayne, Atmospherical Electricity. . 310

Dr. Priestley, Observations on Airs 313

S. Horsley, on the Sieve of Eratostlienes. . . 314
C. Gullet, Use of Elder, in preserv. Plants. 319

J. Call, on the Indian Zodiac 321

Capt. Cook, Tides in the South Sea 323

Wm. Henley, on a New Electrometer, &c. 323
Dr. Borlase, Meteorological Observations. . 3'J5
J. B- Forster, on Hudson' s-Bay Quadrujieds. 326

— , on Hudson' s-Bay Birds 331

Dr. Pemberton, Celebrated Astron. Prob. . . 348
J. Hvinter, Diges. of tlie Stom. after Death. 354
Biographical Notice of Mr. John Hunter. . 35+
Dr. Percival, Buxton and Matlock Waters. . 355
Biographical Notice of Dr. Tho. Percival. . 3.>5
Dr. Collignon, on a Body long preserved. . 356
Dr. Pulteney, Effects of a Poisonous Plant. . 357
Edw. Naime, Experts, on Dipping Needles. 360

H. Jackson, on making Isinglass 36 1

Biographical Notice of Mr H Jackson. . . . 362

A. Walker, on Dunmore Cavern 36s

Dr. Morris, Specimens of Native I^ad 369

J. Swinton, on an Ancient Denarius 370

Apothecaries Co. Catalogue of 50 Plants. . . 370
E. Kinnersley, Electr. Experts, on Charcoal. 370
Dr. R. Watson, Theometrical Experiments. 37 1
R. Society, Purfleet Pow der Magazines. . . 37 !

B. Wilson, to Secure Buildings fr. Lightning. 374



Pag«

R. Society, on the same subject 382

F. Wollaston, Astronomical Observations. . 382

Dr. Ducarel, on Cultivating Botany 383

J. H. Van Swinden, Int. Cold at Francker. 386
T. Homsby, Motion of Arcturus and Ob-
liquity of the Ecliptic 3S6

M. Mustel, Observations on Vegetation. . . 399
Dr. Higgins, Detonation of Tin Foil, Sec. . 404
Sir Wm. Johnson, on tlie American Indians. 406

J. R. Forster, on Hudson's-Bay Fishes 410

Dr. Witliering, Marl of Staffordshire 414

P. Brydone, Fiery Meteor and Elec. Exper. 4 1 5
D. Barrington, a Fossil near Christ Church. 418

P.J. Bergius, Rare American Plant 419

Dr. Kirkshaw, Effects of Lightning 420

P. Panton, Population of Anglesey 421

J. S, Baily, on Jupiter's Satellites- 422

Biographical Notice of J. Sylvain Bailly. . . . 42'^
S. Horsley, Notes on Jupiter's Satellites. . . 430

W. Barnard, Explosion in a Coalpit 432

T. Barker, Meteorological Register 432

D. Barrington, on the Ptarmigan 433

Edward King, Effects of Lightning 435

, on a Sparry Incrustation 439

D. Barrington, on tlie Singing of Birds. . . . 442
S. Douglas, Tokay and other Hungarian wines 451
Wm. Hewson, Red Particles of the Blood. 455
Sir W. Hamilton, Thunder Storm at Naples 455

Dr. Nootli, on the Electrical Machine 450

William Jones, on the Conic Sections 458

M. Dicquemare, on Sea Anemonies 46O

J. A De Luc, on a New Hygrometer 468

J. Walsh. Electricity of the Torpedo 469

J. Hunter, Anat. of the Torpedo 478

Dr. Wilson, on the Solar Spots 482

L. Cipolla, Astron. Observ. at Pekin 49'

J. Blake, Lunar Eclipse at Canton 493

James Clegg, Experts, on Dying Black. . . . 493
Dr. Percival, Population of Manchester 496 659

Dr. Haygarth, Population of Chester 496"

Edward Naime, Electrical Experiments. . . 498
Dr. Priestley, Effluvia of Putrid Marshes. . 502

Dr. Price, on the same subject 305

Lieutenant-Col. Ironside, Hindostan Paj)er

and Sun Plant 506

Dr. Wilson, Cross Wires of Telescojies. . . . 507
S. F. Simmons, Voiding Stones by a Fistula. 507
J. Varelaz, Disparition of Saturn's Ring. . . . 509

D. Barrington, on the Gillaroo Trout 509

H. Watson, Stomach of the same 510

Dr. Dobson, on a Petrified Stratum 510

Mr. Winn, on the Aurora Borealis 512

W. Henley, Pointedand Blunted Conductors. 5 1 2
Dr. Winthrop, Castillione on Sir I. Newton. 518
Dr. Maskelyne, De Luc's rule for Heights

by the Barometer 520

S. Holland, Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. 526
Geo. Sproule, Obser\'ations of tlie same. . . . ibid
S. Holland, Astronomical Observations, . . . 527



CONTENTS.



Ul



Dr. Maskelyne, Eclipses of Jup. Sat 527, 528

H. Marshall, on the Solar Spou 52y

G. White, on the House-Martin ibid

T. Baiker, Meteorological Register 330

J. Hunter, on Air- Vessels in Birds ibid

S. Horsley, De Luc's Rules for Heights, &c. ibid
Wm. Curtis, Catalogue of 50 Plants, &c. . ibid

J. Hunter, on the Gillaroo Trout ibid

J. Swinton, Monagrani on a Quinarius .... ibid
F. Wollaston, Astronomical Observations . . 532
B. Wilnier, on a Woman burnt to Death. . 534
Dr. Darwin, Animal Fluids in the Receiver. 530"
Mr. Nicholson, a Storm of Lightning .... 538
Jas. Bent, use of an Arm after cutting off the

head of the Os Humeri 539

Dr. Brownrigg, Air in tlie Pouhon Water. . 441

Lt. Curtis, the Labradore Country 547

Wm. Henley, Electrical Experiments .... 551

Da. Macbride, Reviviscence of Snails 565

J. Aikin, Population of Warrington 567

Dr. Franklin, Stilling of Waves by Oil 568

M. Stehlin, Northern Archipelago, and a

Specimen of Native Iron 569

J. Walsh, Torpedos of the English coast . . 570
Dr. Purcell, double Uterus and Vagina .... 572
Dr. Brownrigg, specimens of Native Salts. . 575
Dr. Ingenhousz, Expers. on the Torpedo, ibid
Biograph. Notice of Dr. John Ingenhousz. . ibid

J. Strange, on B.isaltine Columns 5/7

H. Norris, English Weights and Measures. 582
Dr. Nooth, Impreg. Water with Fixed Air. 587
Jos. Steele, South- Sea Musical Instruments 591

J. Lorimer, a new Dipping Needle 593

Dr. Haygartli, Population of Chester 594

P. Woulfe, a New Colouring Substance. . . . 595
Dr. H. Williamson, on the Elecaical Eel. . 597

Dr. Garden, on the same 600

Dr. Blagden, Expts. in a Heated Room. . . . 6i)4

Dr. Black, on Freezing Boiled Water 6 1

Biographical Notice of Dr. Joseph Black. . ibid
Tho. Hutchins, on the Dipping Needle ... . 6l3
Royal Society, Meteorological Journal .... 6l5
Dr. Horsley, on the Weather at London . . 6 1 6"



Pift

Dr. Farr, Meteorological Register at Bristol. . 6'29
T. Barker, Meteorol. Register at Lyndon. . 6.31
Sir R. Barker, Thermom. Obs. in India. . . . ibid

M. Dicquemare, on Sea Anemonies 6"33

M. Shuidham, on tlie Sea Cow 6"43

Sir R. Barker, to make Ice in India ibid

G. White, on Swallows, Swifts, &c 645

J. Whitehurst, on a Water Machine ibid

Mr. Lexel, Occultats. and Geomet. Theor. 646

J. Landen, on the Hyperbolic Arc 647

F. Wollaston, Astronomical Observations . . 650
Dr. Stedman, Triangles in and about Circles. 651
Dr. Horsley, Polygons in and about Circles. 653

Dr. Cooper, on an Acephalous Birtli 654

Mr Henley, Effects of Lightning 659

Ja. Cornish, Torpidity of Swallows, &c. . 660

Dr. Lind, a Portable Wind-Gage 66l

Mr. Ludlam, Astronomical Observations . . 665
B. Gooch, Amputation above the Knee. . . . 666

, Aneurysms in the Thigh ibid

Dr. Priestley, further Discoveries in Air. . . . ibid
J. Hunter, on the Gyranotus Electricus. . . . ibid

Ja Bruce, on Abyssinian Myrrh 672

Biograph. Notice of Jas Bruce, Esq ibid

J. Strange, a Giants Causeway in Italy. . . . 677
Dr. Price, Duration of Life in Towns and

the Country 67B

J. Hunter, Power of Animals and Vegetables

to produce Heat 6'8S

Dr. Roebuck, Heat at London and Edinb. ibid
Bic^raph. Notice of Dr. John Roebuck. . . . ibid
Dr. Dobson, Experts, in a Heated Room . . 687
1st. Lyons, Calcid. in Spherical Trigonom. . 69O
Dr. Blagden, Experts, in a Heated Room . . 695
Dr. Maskelyne, Proposal for Measuring the

Attraction of Hills 700

, Observations for the Attrac-
tion of Mount Schehallien 702

J. Ellis, Nature of the Gorgonia 720

Robt. Douglass, Magnetic Variations 729

Jas. Glenie, Geometrical Propositions .... ibid
Alex. Aubert, to find Time by equal Alti-
tudes 734



THE CONTENTS CLASSED UNDER GENERAL HEADS.

Class I. Mathematics.



1 . .Arithmetic, Annuities, Political Arithmetic,

Reversions and Survivorships . Price 50 Population of Manchester, .... Percival. . . 496

Compound Interest Robertson. . 83 Population of Chester, Haygarth . . ibid

Population of Holy Cross .... Gorsuch ... 94 Population of Warrington, .... Aikin 567

Computing Logarithms, Jones 19O Population of Chester, ..... Haygarth . . 594

Sieve of Eratosthenes, Horsley . . 314 Population of Manchester, .... Percival . ^ 659

Population of Anglesey, Panton .... 421 Dura, of Life in Towns & Country, Price . . 678

Sil



IV



CONTENTS.



2. Algebra, yinalysis, Fliixions.

Page

On the Roots of Equations, . . Rowning . . 48 Computation of Fluents, .... linden. .
Theorems for Areas, Landen. ... ^^

3. Geometry, Trigonometry, Land-surveying.

On the Conic Sections, Jones -4.58 Triangles in and about Circies, Stedman

Castillion on Sir I Newton, . . Winthrop. . .S 1 8 Polygons in and about Circles, Horsley .

Geometrical Theorems, Lexel <)46' Calcul. in Splierical Trigon., , . Lyons . .

On Hyperbolic Arcs, I^anden. . . . 6*7



160



65}

653
690



Class If. Mechanical Philosophy.



1

Proposal to Measure the Attrac-
tion of Hills, Maskelyne

2. Astronomy,

On the Transit of Venus, .... Dunn

Voyage to Hudson's Bay, .... Wales ....

Transit of Venus, Deyloss . . .

On the same, . . Pigot

Occultation of a Star, Ludlam . . .

Transit of Venus, Winthrop. .

On the same, Mallett

On the same, Rose

On the same, Mason ....

On the same, Pingre ....

Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites, Heberden. .

Transit of Mercury, Smith

Transit of Venus, Doz

On the same, Bouniot . . .

Transit of Mercury, Wintlirop. .

A New Comet, Messier . . .

An Equatorial Observatory, . . Naime ....

Transit of Venus, . . Green ....

On the same, Capt. Cook

Transits of Venus & Mercury, Mohr

Moon's Parallaxes and Eclipses, Pemberton
Micrometer Measurements, . . Maskelyne
Sun's Parallax determined, . . . Hornsby . .
Astronomical Observations, . . Witchell , .
Use of the Micrometer, Bradley . . .



'Dynamics.

Mea.sures for the Attraction of
700 Mount Scheliallien, Maskelyne 702



Chronology, Navigation.

14 Sun's Parallax determined, . . Euler, jun. .

On Hadley's Quadrant, Maskelyne

On the Indian Zodiac, Call

An Astronomical Problem, . . . Pemberton
Astronomical Observations, . . Wollaston. .

Motion of Arcturus, Hornsby . .

Obliquity of the Ecliptic, .... Idem

On Jupiter's Satellites, Bailly . . . .

Notes on the same, Hornsby . .

On the Solar Spots, Wilson . . . .

Astron. Observ. at Pekin, .... Cipolla. . . .



22

47

49

59

60

61

78

80

81

82

83

91

92

93

104

ibid

174

ibid

180

181

204

220

276"

277



Cross Wires of Telescopes, . . Wilson. . . . 507
Disparition of Saturn's Ring, . . Varelaz . . . 509
Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites, Holland . . . 526

On the same, Sproule . . . ibid

Astronomical Observations, . . Holland . . . 527
Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites, Maskel. ibid 5^8



On the Solar Spots, Marshall. ,

Astronomical Observations, . . Wollaston. .

Occultations observed, Lexel ....

Astronomical Observations, . . Wollaston
Astronomical Observations, . . Ludlam . . .
Time by Equal Altitudes, .... Aubert. . . .



52y
532
646
650
665
734



On Pendulums,, ,



4. Mechanics.
• Mallett 61



5. Pneumatics.



New Wheel Barometer, .... Fitzgerald .

Observations on Airs, Priestley . .

Explosion in a Coal-Pit, Barnard . .

Effluvia of Putrid Marshes, . . Priestley . .
On the same subject, Price



17
313
432
502
505



De Luc's Rules for Bar. Heights, Maskelyne 520

The same, Horsley 530

Portable Wind-Gage, Lind 66 1

Fiuther Discoveries in Air, Priestley . . 666"



On a Young Musician,



6. Acoustics, Music.
. Barrington 1 1



CONTENTS.



Newton's Theory of Light, . . Horsley.
Aber. of Light at a Transit, . . Price. . .
Phosphoric Colours, Beccaria

8. Electricity, Ma

Temperature of the Sea, .... Douglas . .
Lateral Force of Electricity, . . Priestley .

Electrical Atmospheres, Beccaria. . .

Declination of the Needle, . . Mallett

Variation of the Compass, .... Cook

Phenomena of Electricity, .... Cavendish. .
Atmospherical Electricity, .... Ronayne . .

A New Electrometer, Henley

On Dipping Needles, Naime ....

Electrical Expts. on Charcoal, Kinnersley
Thermometrical Experiments, Watson. . . .
Purfleet Powder Magazines, . . R. Soc. . .
Buildgs. secured from Lightning, Wilson . . .

On the same subject, R. Society. .

Electrical Experiments, Brydone . .

The Electrical Machine, .^Nooth



7. Optics.

Pi%<: Page

65 Newtonian Theory of Light, . . Horsley ... 210

89 Hadley's Quadrant, Maskelyne 292

130 South- Sea Musical Instrument, Steele .... 591

gnetism. Thermometry^ &c.

9 Electricity of the Torpedo, .... Walsh .... 469

36 Electrical Experiments, Naime .... 498

50 Pointed and Blunt Conductors, Henley.... 512

61 Electrical Experiments, Henley. ... 551

178 Experiments on the Torpedo, Ingenhousz 575

2?3 A new Dipping Needle, .... Lorimer . . . 593

310 On the Electrical Eel, Williamson 597

323 On the same, Garden 600

360 Experiments in a heated Room, Blagden . . 604

370 The Dipping Needle, Hutchins . . 6 1 3

37 1 Thermom. Observ. in India, . . Barker .... 631

ibid The Gymnotus Electricus, Hunter. . . , 666

374 Heat at London and Edinburgh, Roebuck . . 685

382 Experiments in a heated Room, Dobson . . 687

4 1 5 The same subject, Blagden . . 695

456 Magnetic Variations, Douglass . . 729



Class III. Natural History.



The Camelopardalis, Carteret .

New Scaly Lizard, Hampe 8

Uncommon Sponges, Strange. ... 32

On the Tarantula, Ciiillo 46

Bluntheaded Cachalot, Robertson. . 57

Bird from the East Indies, .... Edwards . . 93

The Nyl Ghau, Hunter 117

The Aphides of Linnaeus, .... Richardson 1 20

Aquatic Bivalve Insects, Muller 132

Singular Soutli Sea Fish, Tyson.... 136

Two New Tortoises, Pennant . . 141

An American Mole, Barrington 148

Uncommon Malacca Bird, .... Badenach. . C67



I. Zoology.

7 Hudson's Bay Quadrupeds, . . Forster.

-^^— — ^ Birds, Forster.

Fishes, Forster. .



On the Ptarmigan, Barrington

The Sea Anemonies, Dicquemare

On the Gillaroo Trout, Barrington

The Stomach of tlie same, .... Watson . .

The House Martin, White ....

Torpedos of the English Coast, Walsh

The Sea Anemonies, Dicquemare 633

On the Sea Cow, Shuldham 643

On Swallows, Swifb, &c White 6*5

Nature of the Gorgonia, Ellis 720



326
331
410
433
460
509
510
530
570



2. Botany.



On the Manna Tree, CirilJo .... 46

The Starry Aniseed Tree, Ellis 85

Catalogue of 50 Plants, Hudson . . 91

On Chestnut Trees, Ducarel . 110

On the same, Thorpe. ... 1 1 6"

On the same, Hasted. . . . ibid

On the same, Barrington ibid

The Nyctanthes Elongata, .... Bergius . . 147

On some English Plants, Waring . . 1 7 1



Catalogue of 50 Plants, Alchome . . 173

New Species of Oak, Holwel. . . . 300

Catalogue of 50 Plants Apothecaries 370



On Cultivating Botany, Ducarel. . ,

Rare American Plant, Bergius . .

Hindostan Sun Plant, Ironside

Catalogue of 50 Plants, Curtis . ,

On Abyssinian Myrrh, Bruce . ,



3. Mineralogy, Fossilogy, &c.
Journey to Mount Euia, Hamilton . . 1 Bones in Gibraltar Rock, .... Hunter



Production of White Marble, Unipe 10

Experiments on Charcoal, .... Priestley . . 45



On the Soil about Naples, .... Hamilton
On Elden Hole, Lloyd. . . .



383
419
506
530
672



64

92

137



CONTENTS.



On Eldon Hole, King

Pure Native Natron, Monro . . '.

Basalt Hills in Hessia, Raspe

On a Body long Preserved, . . Collignon .
Specimens of Native Lead, . . Morris . . .
Marl of Staffordshire, Withering .



Page
ibid
21()
222
356
36"9
414



A Fossil near Christchurch, . . Barrington

A Sparry Incrustation, King . . .

On a Petrified Stratum, .... Dobson .
Specimen of Native Iron, .... Stehlin .

Basaltine Columns, Strange .

Giant's Causeway in Italy, . . Strange .



4. Geography, and Topography.



Hudson's Bay, Weather, &c. . Wales . .
Heat on Mount Vesuvius, .... Howard. .
Elden Hole, Derbyshire, .... Lloyd. . . .

On the same, King ....

Red Sea, Chart and Voyage of, Newland



Temperature of the Sea, .... Douglas. . . ,

A New Hydrometer, Smeaton . .

White Spots in the Sea, Newland . .



32 Voyage to Judda and Mocha, Idem. . .

93 Irruption of Solway Moss, . . , Walker.

137 Dunmore Cavern, Walker.

ibid Labradore Country, Curtis .

286" Northern Archipelago, Stehlin .

Hydrology.

g Tides in the South Sea, Cook . . ,

127 A New Hygrometer, De Luc. .

290 Stilling of Waves by Oil,



. Franklin



Class IV. Chemical Philosophy.



1.

The Solution of Salts, Bp. Watson

Effects of a Great Cold, Idem 131

Experiments on Putrefaction, . . Crell l63

Mineral Waters in Scotland, . . Monro .... 27 1

Distilling Salt Water Fresh, . . Newland . . 289



The Weather at Hudson's Bay, Wales .... 32

Light on a Mast Head, Winn .... 35

Meteorological Observations, . . Borlase 46

A Remarkable Meteor, Swinton ... 88

Remarkable Thunder Storm, . . Williams . . 98

Meteorological Observations, . . Borlase .... 126

Effects of a Great Cold, Bp. Watson 131

The Rain at Lyndon, Barker ibid

Meteorological Register, Pigot 145

Rain at Different Heights, .... Barrington 148

Severe Cold at Glasgow, Wilson 1 61

Meteorological Register, Barker 277

Effects of Lightning, &c Henley. . . . 307

Meteorological Observations, . . Borlase .... 325

Purfleet Powder Magazines, . . R. Soc 371

Intense Cold at Francker, VanSwinden 386



2. Meteorology.



Page
418

439

510
569

577
677



287
304
368
547
569



323

468
568



Chemistry.

59 Burton and Matlock Waters, . . Percival 35S

Detonation of Tin Foil, Higgins . . 404

Air in the Pouhon Water, .... Brovvnrigg. . 541

Specimens of Native Salts, . . Idem 575

Impreg. Water with Fixed Air, Nooth .... 587



A Fiery Meteor, &c Brydone . . 415

Effects of Lightning, Kirkshaw. . 420

Meteorological Register, Barker .... 432

Effects of Lightning, King 435

Thunder Storm at Naples .... Hamilton . . 455

The Aurora Borealis, Winn .... 512

Meteorological Register, Barker .... 530

A Storm of Lightning, Nicholson. . 538

On Freezing BoQing Water, . . Black .... 61O

Meteorological Journal, R. Soc 6l5

The Weather at London, .... Horsley . . 616

Meteorological Register, Farr 629

, Barker 631

Making of Ice in India, Sir R. Barker 643

Effects of Lightning, Henley . . 6ig



3. Geology.
Journey to Mount Etna, Hamilton. . 1 The Soil about Naples, Hamilton. , 92

Class V. Physiology.



Use* of the Ganglions, Johnstone.

Anatomy of the Torpedo, Huntejp. . ,



1. Anatomy.

8 Double Uterus and Vagina,



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