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The record of the Royal society of London, 1897 online

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heirs, and successors do grant to the aforesaid Presi-
dent, Council, and Fellows of the aforesaid Royal Society,
and to their successors, that they and their successors,
every year, on the aforesaid feast of St. Andrew the
Apostle, may and shall have full power and authority to
elect, nominate, appoint, and change ten of the Fellows of
the Royal Society aforesaid, to fill up the places and
offices of ten of the aforesaid number of twenty-one of
the Council of the Royal Society aforesaid ; for we do
declare it to be our roval pleasure, arid by these presents
for us, our heirs, and successors we do grant, that ten of
the aforesaid Council, and no more, shall be annually
changed and amoved by the President, Council, and
Fellows of the Royal Society aforesaid.

We will also, and for us, our heirs, and successors do
grant to the aforesaid President, Council, and Fellows of
the aforesaid Royal Society, and to their successors, that
if it shall happen that the President of the same Royal
Society for the time being is detained by sickness or in-
firmity, or is employed in the service of us, our heirs, or
successors, or is otherwise occupied, so that he shall not



38



Record of the Royal Society. .



The Pre.- ident
may appoint one
out of the Coun-
cil to be his
Deputy :

who may act as
such during his
absence ; unless
he appoint some
other out of the
Council to be so.



Such Deputy
may, in the Pre-
sident's absence,
do all acts that
he himself could
do if present.



But he must first
be sworn before
the Council, or
seven or more of
them.



The T resident,
Council, and Fel-
lows, may have
one Treasurer,
two Secretaries, a



be able to attend to the necessary affairs of the same Royal
Society touching the office of President, that then and
so often it may and shall be good and lawful to the
same President so detained, employed, or occupied, to
nominate and appoint one of the Council of the aforesaid
Royal Society for the time being to be and become the
Deputy of the same President; which same Deputy, so to be
made and appointed in the office of Deputy of the President
aforesaid, may and shall be the Deputy of the same Presi-
dent from time to time, as often as the aforesaid President
shall happen to be so absent, during the whole time in
which the aforesaid President shall continue in the office
of President; unless in the meanwhile the aforesaid Pre-
sident of the Koyal Society aforesaid for the time being
shall have made and appointed one other of the aforesaid
Council his Deputy ; And that every such Deputy of the
aforesaid Present so to be made and appointed, as it is
aforesaid, may be able and have power to do and
execute all and singular things which pertain or ought
to pertain to the office of President of the aforesaid Royal
Society, or which are limited and appointed to be done
and executed by the aforesaid President, by virtue of
these our Letters Patent, from time to time, as often as
the aforesaid President shall so happen to be absent,
during such time as he shall continue the Deputy of the
aforesaid President, by force of these our Letters Patent,
as fully, freely, and Avholly, and in as ample manner and
form, as the aforesaid President, if he were present, would
be able and have power and do and execute those things ;
a corporal oath first to be taken by such Deputy upon the
holy Gospels of God, in the form and effect last specified,
well and faithfully to execute all and singular things
which pertain to the office of President, before the afore-
said Council of the aforesaid Royal Society, or any seven
or more of them ; and so as often as the case shall so
happen : to which same Council, or to any seven or more
of them, for the time being, we do give and grant by these
presents power and authority to administer the oath
aforesaid as often as the case shall so happen, without
procuring or obtaining any writ, commission, or further
warrant in that behalf from us, our heirs, or successors.

And further we will, and by these presents for us, our
heirs, and successors do grant to the aforesaid President,
Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society aforesaid, and to
their successors, that they and their successors henceforth



First Charter. 39

for ever may and shall have one Treasurer, two Secretaries, cierk, and twc.

one Clerk, and two Serjeants-at-Mace, who may from time Mace :

to time attend upon the President; and that the afore-

said Treasurer, Secretaries, Clerk, and Serjeants-at-Mace,

to be elected and nominated, before they be admitted

to execute their several and respective offices, shall take

their corporal oaths in the form and effect last specified, who are a n to i><-

before the President and Council of the same Royal

Society, or any seven or more of them, rightly, well, and

faithfully to execute their several and respective offices them -

in all things touching the same ; and that after having

so taken such oaths, as it is aforesaid, they may exercise

and use their respective offices ; to which same Presi-

dent and Council, or to any seven or more of them, we do

give and grant by these presents full power and authority

to administer the oaths aforesaid from time to time to the

aforesaid several and respective officers and their suc-

cessors : And we have assigned, nominated, chosen, created,

appointed, and made, and by these presents for us, our

heirs, and successors do assign, nominate, choose, create,

appoint, and make, our beloved subjects William Balle, wmiamBaiieap-

Esquire, to be and become the first and present Trea- -Ssurcr, John

surer, and the aforesaid John Wilkins and Henry Homy oiden-

Oldenburg to be and become the first and present bur Secretaries.

Secretaries, of the aforesaid Royal Society; to be con-

tinued in the same offices until the aforesaid feast of

St. Andrew the Apostle next following after the date of

these presents : And that from time to time and at all



times on the aforesaid feast of Saint Andrew the Apostle President, coun-
(unless it shall be Sunday, and if it be Sunday, then on or the major part
the day next following) the President, Council, and Fellows ?he President to



of the aforesaid Royal Society for the time being, or the

major part of the same (of whom we will the President for

the time being to be one), may be able and have power to g^ a ' n ^ e a ' ' and

elect, nominate, and appoint other upright and discreet Mace : who, after

rr being sworn, are

men, from time to time, as Treasurer, Secretaries, Clerk, to officiate till the

and Serjeants-at-Mace of the aforesaid Royal Society ; and Andrew's Day.

that those who shall so have been elected, appointed, and

.sworn to the aforesaid several and respective offices, as it

is aforesaid, may be able and have power to exercise and

enjoy those respective offices until the aforesaid feast

of St. Andrew then next following, their aforesaid

oaths, as it is aforesaid, first to be taken; and so as

often as the case shall so happen : And if it shall happen

that any one or any of the officers aforesaid of the same



40 Record of the Royal Society.

And if any of Royal Society shall die, or be amoved from their re-

them die or be . . , 11,11 -i Pl , i i T*.

amoved, the like spective omces, that then and so often it may and sha!2

madeof others he good and lawful to the President, Council, and Fellows

pSffor^he 1 " of the aforesaid Royal Society, or to the major part of the

ea? U Lid tm same ( of wnom we wil1 tne President for the time being to

others shall be fe e one), to elect and appoint another or others to the office-

duly elected and "

sworn. or omces or those persons so deceased or amoved ; and

that he or they so elected and appointed may have and'
exercise the respective offices aforesaid during the residue-
of the same year, and until another or others shall have-
been in due manner elected and sworn to those respective
offices ; and so as often as the case shall so happen.

And moreover we will, and of our special grace and

of our certain knowledge and mere motion do grant

to the aforesaid President, Council, and Fellows of the

The President Royal Society aforesaid, and to their successors, that the

rh n e d ma"or c part r of President and^ouncil of the aforesaid Royal Society for

them (of whom the time being, and the maior part of the same (of whom

the President to J r

be one), may meet we will the President for the time being to be one), may

in a College or

other public be able and have power to meet together and assemble
London, or within in a College or other public place or Hall within our City
aridmaie^aws. ^ London, or in any other convenient place within
dinanSs, a an d ddt ten miles of om% same Cit 7 5 and that they so met
aii other things together and assembled shall and may have full autho-

relating to the m & . J

affairs of the So- rity, power, and faculty from time to time to draw up, con-
stitute, ordain, make, and establish such laws, statutes,
acts, ordinances, and constitutions as shall seem to them,
or to the major part of them, to be good, wholesome,
useful, honourable, and necessary, according to their
sound discretions, and to do and perform all other
things whatsoever belonging to the affairs and matters of
the Royal Society aforesaid ; all and singular which laws r
statutes, acts, ordinances, and constitutions so to be made
as it is aforesaid, we will, and by these presents for us y
our heirs, and successors, firmly enjoining, do order and
command, that they shall be inviolably observed from time
to time, according to the tenor and effect of the same r
so nevertheless that the aforesaid laws, statutes, acts,
ordinances, and constitutions so to be made as it is afore-
said, and every one of them, be reasonable, and not
repugnant or contrary to the laws, customs, acts, or
statutes of this our Realm of England.

Power is given to And further, of our more ample special grace and of our
FeiiowTto ap- nd certain knowledge and mere motion, we have given and
g rante d, and by these presents for us, our heirs, and



First Charter. 41

successors do give and grant to the aforesaid Council ers, and one or

and Fellows of the aforesaid Royal Society, and to their

successors, full power and authority from time to time to by^riti

elect, nominate, and appoint one or more Typographers or

Printers, and Chalcographers or Engravers, and to grant by the president,

to him or them, by a writing, sealed with the Common Seal things (touching

of the aforesaid Royal Society, and signed by the hand goc^t^asshaii 8

of the President for the time being, faculty to print such Sta?b$S? in

things, matters, and affairs touching or concerning the councfi?OTany

aforesaid [Royal] Society, as shall have been committed to thlm(of whom f

the aforesaid Typographer or Printer, Chalcographer or the President to

Engraver, or Typographers or Printers, Chalcographers

or Engravers, from time to time, by the President and

Council of the aforesaid Royal Society, or any seven

or more of them (of whom we will the President for the

time being to be one) ; their corporal oaths first to be

taken, before they be admitted to exercise their offices,

before the President and Council for the time being, Theymustrje

or any seven or more of them, in the form and effect first sworn before

J the President and

last specified; to which same President and Council, or to Council, or any

. seven or more of

any seven or more or them, we do give and grant by these them.
presents full power and authority to administer the oaths
aforesaid.

And further, in order that the aforesaid President, The same Right
Council, and Fellows of the aforesaid Royal Society may ceive, and uto-



obtain the better effect in their philosophical studies, of

our more ample special grace and of our certain knowledge

and mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these

presents for us, our heirs, and successors, do give and grant,

to the aforesaid President, Council, and Fellows of the London have or

aforesaid Royal Society, and to their successors, that they

and their successors from time to time may and shall have

full power and authority from time to time, and at such*

seasonable times, according to their discretion, to require,

take, and receive the bodies of such persons as have

suffered death by the hand of the executioner, and to

anatomize them, in such ample form and manner, and to

all intents and purposes, as the College of Physicians

and the Corporation of Surgeons of our City of London

have used or enjoyed, or may be able and have power to

use or enjoy, the same bodies.

And further, for the improvement of the experiments,
arts, and sciences of the aforesaid Royal Society, of
jur more abundant special grace and of our certain know-
* So in the original.



42



Record of the Royal Society.



Licence to hold a
Literary Corre-
spondence, on
Philosophical,
Mathematical, or
Mechanical Sub-
jects, with all
sorts of

Foreigners; by
Letters sealed
with the Common
Seal of the So-
ciety, and signed
by the President
in the presence of
the Council or
any seven or
more of them.



Licence to build
a College or Col-
leges in London,
or within ten
miles of London.



If any Abuses or
Differences
arise, they shall
be reformed and
settled by the
Lord Chancellor
Clarendon alone,
while living;
afterwards by the
Archbishop of
Canterbury, the
Lord Chancellor,
or K eeper, the
Lord Treasurer,
the Bishop of
London, the Lord
Privy Seal, and
the two Secre-
taries of State for



ledge and mere motion, we have given and granted, and
by these presents for us, our heirs, and successors do
give and grant, to the aforesaid President, Council, and
Fellows of the aforesaid Royal Society, and to their suc-
cessors, that they and their successors from time to time
may and shall have full power and authority, by letters
or epistles under the hand of the aforesaid President, in
the presence of the Council, or of any seven or more of
them, and in the name of the Royal Society, and sealed
with their Common Seal aforesaid, to enjoy mutual intel-
ligence and knowledge with all and all manner of strangers
and foreigners, whether private or collegiate, corporate
or politic, without any molestation, interruption, or dis-
turbance whatsoever: Provided nevertheless, that this
our indulgence, so granted as it is aforesaid, be not
extended to further use than the particular benefit and
interest of ^e aforesaid Royal Society in matters or
things philosophical, mathematical, or mechanical.

And further we have given and granted, and by these
presents for us, our heirs, and successors do give and
grant to the aforesaid President, Council, and Fellows of
the Royal Society aforesaid, and to their successors, full
power and authority to erect, build, and construct, or to
make or cause to be erected, built, and constructed, within
our City of London, or ten miles of the same, one or more
College or Colleges, of whatsoever kind or quality, for
the habitation, assembly, and meeting of the aforesaid
President, Council, and Fellows of the aforesaid Royal
Society, and of their successors, for the ordering and
arranging of their affairs and other matters concerning
the same Royal Society.

And further we will, and by these presents for us, our
heirs, and successors do ordain, constitute, and appoint,
that if any .abuses or differences hereafter shall arise
and happen concerning the government or other matters
or affairs of the aforesaid Royal Society, whereby any
injury or hindrance may be done to the constitution,
stability, and progress of the studies, or to the matters
and affairs, of the same ; that then and so often, by
these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, we do
authorise, [ordain,] nominate, assign, and appoint our
aforesaid very well-beloved and very trusty Cousin and
Councillor Edward, Earl of Clarendon, our Chancellor of
our Realm of England, by himself during his life, and,
after his death, then the Archbishop of Canterbury, the



First Charter. 43

Chancellor or Keeper of the Great Seal of England, the time being,
the Treasurer of England, the Bishop of London, the t^ m
Keeper of the Privy Seal, and the two Principal Secre-
taries for the time being, or any four or more of them,
to reconcile, compose, and adjust the same differences
and abuses.

And farther we will, and by these presents, for us, General Clauses,
our heirs, and successors, firmly enjoining, do order and
command all and singular the Justices, Mayors, Aldermen,
Sheriffs, Bailiffs, Constables, and other officers, ministers,
and subjects whomsoever of us, our heirs, and successors,
that they be from time to time aiding and assistant to
the ' aforesaid President, Council, and Fellows of the
Royal Society aforesaid, and to their successors, in and by
all things, according to the true intention of these our
Letters Patent.

Although express mention of the true yearly value or
of the certainty of the premises, or of any of them, or of
other gifts or grants before these times made by us or
by any of our progenitors or predecessors to the afore-
said President, Council, and Fellows of the Royal Society,
is not made in these presents; or any statute, act, ordinance,
provision, proclamation, or restriction to the contrary
thereof heretofore had, made, enacted, ordained, or pro-
vided, or any other thing, cause, or matter whatsoever, in
any wise notwithstanding.

In witness whereof we have caused these our Letters
to be made Patent. Witness Ourself, at Westminster, the
fifteenth day of July, in the fourteenth year of our reign.

By the King himself.

HOWARD.



CHAKTA SECUNDA,

lisdem ab eodem concessa, A.D. MDCLXIIL



Name -



Patron.



Capacity



CAROLUS SECUNDUS, Dei gratia Angliae Scotiae Franciae et
Hiberniae Rex, Fidei Defense r, etc., omnibus ad qnos hae
Literae nostrae Patentes pervenerint, salutem.

Din multinnque apud nos statuimus, ut imperii fines,
sic etiam artes atque scientias ipsas promovere. Favemus
itaque omnibus disciplinis ; particular! autem gratia in-
dulgemus phjlpsophicis studiis, praesertim iis, quae solidis
experirnentis conantur aut novam extundere philosophiam,
aut expolire veterem. Ut igitur inclarescant apud nostros
hujusmodi studia, quae nusquam terrarum ad hue satis
emicuerunt, utque nos tandem universus literarnm orbis
non solum fidei defensorem, sed etiam veritatis omnimodae
et cultorem ubique et patron um, semper agnoscat :

Sciatis, quod nos de gratia nostra speciali ac ex certa
scientia et mero motu nostris ordinavimus constituimus et
concessimus, ac per presentes pro nobis heredibus et suc-
cessoribus nostris ordinamus constituimus et concedimus,
quod de caetero in perpetuum erit Societas, de Praeside
Concilio et Sodalibus consistens, qui voeabuntur et nun-
cupabuntur Praeses Concilium et Sodales Regalis Socie-
^- a ^ s Londini pro Scientia natural! promovenda (cujus
quidem Societatis nos ipsos Fundatorem et Patronum per
praeseutes declaramus) ; Et eandem Societatem, per nomen
Praesidis Concilii et Sodalium Regalis Societatis Londini
pro Scientia naturali promovenda, unum corpus corpora-
tarn et politicum in re facto et nomine realiter et ad plenum
pro nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris facimus ordi-
iiamus creamus et constituimus per praesentes, et quod
per idem nomen habeant successionem perpetuam ; Et
quod ipsi et eorum successores (quorum studia ad rerum
naturalium artiumque utilium scientias experimentorum
fide ulterius promo vendas, in Dei Creatoris gloriam et
generis bumani commodum, applicanda sunt), per idem
nomen Praesidis Concilii et Sodalium Regalis Societatis
to pur- Londini pro Scientia naturali promovenda, sint et erunt
perpetuis futuris temporibus personae habiles et in lege-



Charta Secunda. 45

capaces ad habendiim perquirendum percipiendum et pos-
sidendum terras [et]* tenementa prata pascua pasturas
libertates privilegia franchesias jurisdiction.es et heredita-
menta quaecunque sibi et successoribus suis in feodo et
perpetuitate, vel pro termino vitae vitarum vel annorum,
sen aliter quocunque modo, ac etiam bona et catalla, ac
omnes alias res, cujuscunque fuerint generis naturae speciei
sive qualitatis (Statuto de alienatione in manum mortuam
non obstante) ; Necnon ad dandum concedendum [dimit-
tendum]* et assignandum eadeni terras tenementa et and to grant
hereditaments, bona et catalla, et omnia facta et res
necessarias faciendum et exequendum de et concernentia
eadem, per nomen praedictum ; Et quod per nomen
Praesidis Concilii et Sodalium Regalis Societatis Londini to sue and be
pro Scientia naturali promovenda praedictnm placitare sued;
et implacitari, respondere et responderi, defendere et
defendi de caefcero in perpetuum valeant et possint, in
quibuscunque Curiis placeis et locis, et coram quibus-
cunque Judicibus et Justiciariis et aliis personis et offici-
ariis nostris heredum et successorum nostrorum, in
omnibus et singulis actionibus, turn realibus, turn per-
sonalibus, placitis sectis querelis cansis materiis rebus et
demandis quibuscunque, cujuscunque aint aufc erunt generis
naturae vel speciei, eisdem modo et forma, prout aliqui
ligei nostri intra hoc Regnum nostrum Angliae, persoiiae
habiles et in lege capaces, aut ut aliquod corpus corporatum
vel politicum intra hoc Regnum nostrum Angliae, ha here
perquirere recipere possidere dare et concedere, placitare
et implacitari, respondere et responderi, defendere vel
defendi valeant et possint, valeat et possit ; Et quod and to have a
iidem Praeses Concilium et Sodales Regalis Societatis alterable at '
praedictae et successores sui habeant in perpetuum Com-
mune Sigillum, pro causis et negotiis suis et successorum
suorum quibuscunque agendis deserviturum ; et quodbene
liceat et licebit eisdem Praesidi Concilio et Sodalibus
Regalis Societatis praedictae, et successoribus suis pro
tempore existentibus, Sigillum illud de tempore in iempus
frangere mutare et de novo facere, prout eis melius fore
videbitur expediri.

Damus insuper et concedimus per praesentes Praesidi
Concilio et Sodalibus Regalis Societatis praedictae, Grant of Arms,

. r . ' viz. Argent, m a

eoruinque in perpetuum successoribus, in iavoris nostri Canton Dexter

^ . , . ... ... the three Lions of

regii erga ipsos nostraeque de ipsis peculians existimatioms England : and
praesenti et faturis aetatibus testimonium, haec honoris and Supporters.
* From the Patent Boll.



46



Record of the Royal Society.



The Council shall
consist of Twenty-
one (of whom
the President or
his Deputy shall
he always one).



All other persons
who shall be re-
ceived and admit-
ted as Members,
by the President
and Council, or
any eleven or
more of them (of
whom, &c.) or by
two thirds or
more of those
Eleven or more,
n-'dliin two
months; and at
all times after
those two
months, by the
President, Coun-
cil, and Fellows,
or by any
Twenty-one or
more of them (of
whom the Presi-
dent or his De-
puty to be one),
or by two third
parts or more of
the said Twenty-
one or more ; and
shall be regis-
tered ; shall be
oalled Fellows of
the said Royal
Society, for life,
unless regularly
amoved.



insignia sequentia, viz. : In Parmae argenteae angulo
dextro tres leones nostros Anglicos ; et pro Cristo galeam
corona nosculis infcerstincta adornatam, cui supereminet
aquila nativi coloris, altero pede scutum leonibus nostris
insignitum tenens ; Telamoiies scutarios, duos canes
sagaces albos, colla coronis cinctos (prout in raargine
luculentius videre est*) : a praedictis Praeside Concilio et
Sodalibris ipsorumque successoribus, pront feretf occasio,
in perpetuum gestanda producenda^ possidenda.

Et, quod intentio nostra regia meliorem sortiatur
effectum, ac pro bono regimine et gubernatione praedictae
Regalis Societatis de terapore in tempus, volumus, ac per
praesentes pro nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris con-
cedimus eisdem Praesidi Concilio et Sodalibus Societatis
Regalis praedictae, et successoribus suis, quod de caetero
in perpetuum^Concilium praedictum erit et consistet ex
viginti et una personis (quarum Praesidern pro tempore
existeiiten), vel ejus Deputatum, semper unum esse
volumus) ; Et quod omnes et singulae aliae personae,
quae intra duos menses proximo sequentes post datum
praesentium per Praesidem et Concilium, vel per aliquos
undecim vel plures eorum (quorum Praesidem pro tem-
pore existentem, vel ejus Deputatum, semper unum esse
volumus), vel per duas tertias paries vel plures praedicto-


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Online LibraryRoyal Society (Great Britain)The record of the Royal society of London, 1897 → online text (page 5 of 23)