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Mr. Reilly

Opportunities for physical training are afiforded to all students
by the Robert P. Ballantine Gymnasium and Neilson Field.

At the beginning of the freshman year each student is given
a physical examination and a complete record is made of his physical
condition. This examination is repeated from time to time and the
record thus furnishes valuable information concerning the growth
and development of the individual.

Swimming is required during both terms. Freshmen who fail to
attain satisfactory proficiency before May first lose their class standing.

Regular physical training is required of all freshmen and sopho-
mores who are for any reason excused from military drill. Those
excused for physical defects are given corrective exercises.

Freshmen and sophomores are required, in addition, to take one
hour twice a week of directed outdoor exercise. Members of any
squad connected with the various branches of athletics, however, may
omit these scheduled hours by registering personally with the Physical
Director. In this way, all imderclassmen, especially those not belong-
ing to organized athletic squads, are provided with an opportunity
for healthful outdoor exercise.

Those not members of the college teams are provided with facilities
for track work, football, baseball, basketball, soccer, tennis, swimming,
and gymnasiimi work.

Classes are formed during the winter in light and heavy gym-
nastics, boxing, wrestling, and fencing, and a progressive system of
instruction is followed.

Health Supervision

The health of students is under the care of the CoU^e Physician.
Daily office hours are held for consultation and every student may
obtain advice upon all matters pertaining to his health.

Early in the fall a complete medical examination is made of all
entering students by the Collie Physician. Subsequent examinations
are given at suitable intervals.

All candidates for athletic teams are required to pass an examina-
tion declaring them physically fit for competition.

681 Graduation Thesis

During the senior year each member of the graduating class is
required to prepare a thesis on some subject approved by the pro-

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fessor or professors in charge of his elective coiirse or courses. The
thesis must be acceptable to the professor under whose direction it
has been prepared and the author is required to submit two typewritten
copies on the prescribed paper and suitable in all respects for binding
and for permanent preservation in the Collie Library and in the
department files.

The subject must be submitted to the collie ofl&ce on or before
the first day of the second term and the completed thesis not later
than the last Friday in May.

Every senior whose work in preparation of the graduation thesis
is not provided for in the regular schedule, is required: (1) to submit
to the college office, not later than four weeks after the begiiming of
the second term, a written report of work done toward the preparation
of his thesis; and (2) to report to the professor concerned for weekly
conference thereafter at such time as the professor may appoint, until
the thesis has been completed and accepted.

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Officers of Administration
W. H. S. Demarest, LL.D., PresidetU of the College
Jacob G. Lipman, Ph.D., Dean of Agriculture
Prank G. Helyar, B.S., Director of the Short Courses in AgricuUur§

Teaching Staff
Jacob G. Lipman, Ph.D., Soil Fertility and Fertilizers
Melville T. Cook, Ph.D., Plant Pathology
Thomas J. Headlee, Ph.D., Entomology
Harry R. Lewis, M.Agr., Poultry Husbandry
William M. Regan, A.M., Dairy Husbandry
Frank G. Helyar, B.S., Animal Husbandry
Frank App, Ph.D., Farm Management
John P. Helyar, M.S., Seed Testing
Arthur J. Farley, B.S., Horticulture
Lyman G. Schermerhorn, B.S., Vegetable Gardening
WiLLARD C. Thompson, B.S., Poultry Husbandry
George W. Musgrave, M.S. A., Agronomy
Alvah Peterson, Ph.D., Economic Entomology
Merle S. Klinck, B.S. in Agr., Rural Engineering
Robert W. Armstrong, M.S., Horticulture
Forrest C. Button, B.S., Dairjnmg
John Hill, B.S., Dairy Husbandry
Henry B. Seaver, B.S., Horticulture
William C. Skelley, B.S., Animal Husbandry
Ralston R. Hannas, M.S., Poultry Husbandry
George H. Pound, B.S., Poultry Husbandry
Miss Clara M. Chandler, Secretary

Short Courses in Agriculture

As outlined on pages 86 and 87, four courses of study are offered
embodying subject matter as follows:

Course I General Agriculture and Dairy Farming

Course II Fruit Growing and Market Gardening

Course III Poultry Husbandry

Course IV Bee Husbandry


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The courses are offered for men and women interested in agriculture
who are willing to invest their best efforts and work diligently for the
cause of better agriculture and the improvement of farm life. Tuition
is free to residents of the State; non-residents are also received upon
payment of a fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00); all pay a registration
fee of five dollars ($5.00) upon acceptance of their application for

Entrance examinations are not required for admission, but candi-
dates should be at least seventeen years of age and show credentials
evidencing a common school education. Graduates of high schools
who have had at least two years' practical work on the farm are well
qualified for the work. Farm boys and girls with more experience
and perhaps less actual schooling are able to pursue the work with
great credit to themselves.

All four of these courses are open to men and women alike, and
each requires the full twelve weeks* work. Satisfactory completion
of any one of the courses entitles the student to a certificate awarded
by the College.

The courses open on November 15, 1920, and close February 18,
1921. Correspondence concerning them should be addressed to Pro-
fessor Frank G. Helyar, Director of the Short Courses in Agriculture,
New Brunswick, New Jersey.


The practical work scheduled as laboratory practices is planned
for all the courses in such a way that the student is enabled to make
the best use of his time. The demonstrations are supplemented by the
use of lantern slides and models, while the equipment assembled in the
various departments of the Experiment Station is available for student
use. The dairy laboratory is equipped with modem machinery essen-
tial for the care and handling of milk and butter. For the live stock
judging work there are available specimens of horses, dairy cattle,
sheep, and swine, and the students are given actual work in the scoring
of animals and the placing of classes. A shop and a machine shed
equipped with tools provide adequate facilities for the study of farm
machinery. The equipment available for the fruit growing and market
gardening practice work includes greenhouses especially designed for
class work, where practical exercises are given in plant propagation
and greenhouse management. The station orchards furnish excellent

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specimens for judging work, while the nursery and the orchard are
used extensively for spraying and pruning exercises. The crop lab-
oratory is provided with many different varieties of grains adapted to
New Jersey, so that the student can study and familiarize himself
with these cereals. Material is also provided for the judging and
grading of grain, so that the student can select his seed with the best
of care. The laboratory is fvirther furnished with grasses and legumes
representing those best adapted for forage crops in the State. Flock
practice and the care of incubators and brooders constitute work
reqtiired daily in the poultry department. Each student is given a
flock of birds and is charged with the care of an incubator and the
rearing of the chicks imtil they are six weeks of age. Eighteen lecture
hours and twenty laboratory hours^are required in each course.

The aim of the Short Courses in Agriculture is to train yoimg
men and yotmg women in the science of agriculture. That the courses
are useful and practical is evidenced by the increased enrolment from
year to year and by the subsequent achievements of young men imd
women completing the courses.

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The degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.), Bachelor of
Letters (Litt.B.), or Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) is con-
ferred by the Trustees upon students in full standing who
satisfactorily complete the corresponding four-year course
as described on pages 48 to 83, and the appropriate diploma
is granted.

In the case of Bachelor of Science graduates who have
pursued the technical science courses, the words **in Agricul-
ture," "in Biology," '*in Ceramics,'* "in Chemistry," "in
Civil Engineering," "in Electrical Engineering," "in Mechan-
ical Engineering," are officially recorded to correspond
with the course taken.

The degree of Bachelor of Divinity (B.D.) is conferred
by the Trustees on students graduating from the Theological
Seminary in New Brunswick who present certificates from
the Faculty of the Seminary showing that they have done the
special work a^nd successfully passed the special examinations
prescribed for the degree.


The graduate student is referred to page 42 for informa-
tion concerning matriculation and courses of study.

The Master's Degree

To students graduated since 1912 the master's degree
will be granted on the following conditions:

1 This degree is to be given after extended liberal study
and not, as in the case of the doctor's degree, after intense
application to one subject and to original research.


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2 The studies pursued by the candidate for this degree
shall constitute a course by themselves, as they would if
he were studying law or divinity.

3 The course must consist of three subjects to be pur-
sued by the student for two years, ordinarily in residence at
Rutgers; equivalent graduate courses pursued at another
institution may, however, be substituted for the first year's

4 The character of such studies shall not diflfer essen-
tially from that of the elective courses now widely offered
to seniors in our colleges; in other words their character shall
be elementary and liberal.

Earlier graduates who so desire may apply for the degree
on the basis of the former requirements, which may be
found in earlier editions of the catalog or will be furnished
upon application to the Registrar.

The Faculty will also recommend for the master's degree
regularly enrolled graduate students who shall, in resi-
dence, have satisfactorily completed the work of one year
in the research and investigation required for the degree
of Doctor of Philosophy.

Candidates are required to submit their theses at least
one month before the granting of the degree.

The nature of the degree to be conferred, whether Master
of Arts or Master of Science, will be determined by the kind
of studies pursued and work done in the graduate rather than
in the undergraduate years.

The Doctor's Degree

The Trustees have not yet established a separate school
for graduates, but several of the departments of the Col-
lege are provided with facilities and with a teaching force
adequate to the demands of a limited number of grad-

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uates who may desire to pursue courses of study and
research leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy

For enrolment as a candidate for this degree it is required
that the applicant present a diploma of graduation from
Rutgers College or from a college whose diploma shall
have been accepted by the Faculty of Rutgers as entitling
the applicant to such enrolment. The candidate must
further satisfy the professors in charge of his graduate
work that he has a reading knowledge of French and German
sufficient to enable him to carry on advanced or research
work successfully. Enrolment is granted by a vote of
the Faculty only when the application is accompanied
by a statement from the head of the department in which
the applicant proposes to do his principal work, certifying
the readiness of the department to receive him as a candi-
date for the degree of doctor.

Students thus accepted as candidates will be recom-
mended for the doctor's degree on the fulfilment of the
following requirements:

1 While no determinate period will in any case be
assigned for the attainment of the doctor's degree, all can-
didates are required to spend at least three years in the
pursuit of an accepted course of study. This work is to
be done in residence at Rutgers, but equivalent graduate
courses begun at other institutions may be substituted for
all but the work of the final year.

2 A certificate, signed by the professors in charge of
the candidate's graduate work, stating that the preliminary
requirements in French and German have been fully met,
must be filed at least one year previous to the final exami-
nation for the doctor's degree.

3 The accepted course shall include a principal subject
and either one or two secondary subjects. The principal

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subject must be of such a character as to engage the creative
and constructive powers of the candidate.

4 The secondary subject or subjects must be chosen
in a department other than that of the principal subject,
but the head of the department in which the candidate
takes his principal subject will advise in regard to the choice
of the secondary work, which must have such relation to the
principal subject as shall more or less immediately contrib-
ute to the value of the principal work.

5 An examination which shall satisfy those having
direction of the candidate's studies and the Faculty that
the candidate is fitted to receive the doctor's degree.

6 A thesis upon some question connected with the prin-
cipal subject, which shall be the result of the candidate's
original investigation and an actual contribution to knowl-
edge. This thesis must be submitted to the head of the
department in which the principal subject has been pur-
sued at least four months before the final examination.

Engineering Degrees
The degrees of Civil Engineer (C.E.), Electrical Engi-
neer (E.E.), Mechanical Engineer (M.E.), and Ceramic
Engineer (Cr.E.) are professional degrees and are on applica-
tion conferred upon candidates who, after graduation from
an appropriate course in this College, have passed three
years in the practice and study of their profession, provided
each such candidate shall present to the Faculty, together
with a statement of the work upon which he has been engaged
during this period, a satisfactory thesis or discussion of some
engineering work which he has done.


To students who have satisfactorily pursued the short
course in Clay-working, a short course in Agriculture, or

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other special courses of study, a certificate is granted stating
the studies pursued and the attainments made.

Certificates are also given for courses completed in the
summer session, and these are accepted by the State Board
of Examiners in all subjects required for any kind of state
teacher's certificate.

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General Honors

General honors are awarded at graduation on the
basis of scholarship, three classes of honor students being

1 Highest honors are awarded to students who have attained an
average grade of '"A" (see page 223), and no single grade lower than

2 High honors are awarded to students who have received an
average of " B " or above and no single grade lower than ** C."

3 Honors are awarded to students who have received an average
of ** B " or above for the entire course.

Special Honors

Special honors at graduation may be awarded in any
elective pursued during the jtinior and senior years to stu-
dents in the Bachelor of Arts, the Bachelor of Letters, or
the general Bachelor of Science course. To be eligible to
receive such an honor a student must satisfy the following

1 He must rank highest of those pursuing the same elective.

2 He mtist have maintained an average grade of ''B" (see page
223) in the elective subject during the junior and senior years, and
also in all the other studies of his course.

3 He must be recommended to receive the honor by the professor
or professors who have instructed him in the elective.

Special honors at graduation may also be awarded to stu-
dents pursuing the technical Bachelor of Science courses. To
be eligible to receive such a technical science honor a student
must satisfy the following conditions:


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1 He must have maintained an average grade of **B" (see page
223) in the technical elective subjects of the junior and senior years,
and also in all the studies of the course.

2 He must be recommended to receive the honor by the professor
or professors who have instructed him in the technical science subjects
of his course.

Commencement Speakers

Members of the graduating class, not exceeding three in
ntimber, are appointed to speak at commencement. These
are chosen by grade in speaking and composition during
the entire course from the students who have been awarded
general scholarship honors.

Phi Beta Kappa

Those students that have won general scholarship hon-
ors may be recommended for election to the Phi Beta Kappa
Society to the number of one-seventh of the graduating
class. In case the honor men exceed this number those of
highest rank are selected.

Military Distinction

The orders of the War Department provide that on the
graduation of every class the names of such students as have
shown special aptitude for military service shall be reported
to the Adjutant General of the United States Army and to
the Adjutant Generals of their respective states.

One of these is designated by the Professor of Military
Science as the **Best Soldier" and his name is engraved on
a bronze tablet provided for that purpose in the Ballantine


Eight members of the junior class in the regular courses
are chosen each year on accoimt of their ability in composi-

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tion and in public speaking to deliver original speeches on
the evening preceding commencement. The selection is
made by a committee of three persons appointed for that
purpose by the Faculty. To the best writers and speakers
among the jimior orators are awarded the Irving S. Upson
Prizes in Oratory.


Members of the sophomore class in full standing who
have pursued a regular cotu-se from the beginning of the
freshman year and who are recommended by the Professor
of the Art of Public Speaking may contest for oratorical
honors. Eight may be chosen in the order of merit, of
whom the first two receive the Myron W. Smith Memorial
Prizes in Oratory.


The list of honor men of the three lower classes is pub-
lished in the Register of the College Catalog,
Class honors are determined as follows: —

1 Freshman honors are awarded to those members of
the freshman class who maintain an average grade for the
year of B or above.

2 Sophomore honors are awarded to those members of
the sophomore ' class who maintain an average grade for
the year of B or above, provided that not more than three
term hours in their schedules are graded below C.

3 Junior honors are awarded to those members of the
jtmior class who maintain an average grade for the year of
B or above, provided that no one of their courses is graded
lower than C.

4 Students who make both freshman and sophomore
honors constitute the "honor group" in the junior year.

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In case any member of this group fails to win junior honors,
he forfeits for his senior yeax the privileges of the honor

5 A student who has failed to win freshman honors, but
who wins both sophomore and junior honors, is placed in
the honor group and granted the privileges of the honor
men for his senior year.


For the encouragement of additional or independent read-
ing or study and original investigation under the direction
of the Faculty honorable mention is made of students who
give evidence of thoroughness in such work and pass a satis-
factory examination. This work is done outside the course
and without reference to a prize.

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Applications for the first two fellowships should be
filed with the Registrar not later than the first of May.
The written consent of parent or guardian is necessary in
case the applicant is under twenty-one years of age.
Applications from graduates should give an account of work
done since graduation and should be accompanied by
appropriate testimonials. No testimonials or endorsements
are required for students still in college.

Assignment of the various agricultural research fellow-
ships is made on the recommendation of the Dean of Agri-

. Every student holding a fellowship is expected to give
some assistance in undergraduate instruction or laboratory


James H. Blodgett, of Washington, D. C, has given a
fund for the encouragement of advanced study in the Scien-
tific School. Whenever the accumulated income from this
investment amounts to $200 that sum is paid in quarterly
instalments to a graduate of Rutgers holding the degree of
Bachelor of Science, who is selected by a committee appointed
by the Faculty and who is designated as Blodgett Fellow in
Science. Besides pursuing graduate studies in the Scientific
School for one year the holder of this fellowship is required
to render assistance to the professor having the direction of
such studies and for that service is exempt from the payment
of all fees.


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This fellowship was established by a bequest of the late
John A. Vander Poel of the class of 1889. The income is
awarded annually by the Faculty to graduate or under-
graduate students of the College. *' So far as may be con-
venient the student to receive such scholarship income shall
be one pursuing a course of study in chemistry or other


Ammonium Sulphate Research Fellowship, — The value of
ammoniimi sulphate as a source of nitrogen to vegetation
is to be studied tmder a grant made by the Barrett Company,
of New York City. The grant is for a period of three years
and provides an income of $600 per annum. The appointee
to this fellowship is to conduct investigations on the avail-
ability of nitrogenous plant-foods with special reference to
the availability of nitrogen in ammonium sulphate. A
study is also to be made of the fimction of the stilphiu: in
ammoniiun sulphate. Field and pot experiments are to be
conducted in order to determine the changes which this
substance undergoes in the soil and the chemical and
biological changes produced by its application.

Aldunate-Bascuflan Chilean Nitrate Research Fellowship. —
The increasing interest in the subject of the availability of
nitrogen recently led the Chilean Nitrate Committee to
appropriate the sum of $2,000 for the establishment of a
three-year research fellowship at Rutgers College. A like
sum was again appropriated in 1917. The stim thus provided
is to be utilized for investigations of the factors which
influence the transformation and utilization of nitrate
nitrogen in the soil. Chemical and bacteriological methods
are to be employed by the fellow in the study of the impor-
tant reactions that occur in land which has received applica-

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tions of sodium nitrate. Also study is to be made of the
factors that are responsible for the dififerences in the recovery
of nitrate nitrogen by different crops and imder varying
seasonal and soil conditions.

Zinc Oxide Research Fellowship. — ^This was established for
a period of three years by the New Jersey Zinc Company,
and provides for the study of fungi responsible for the
deterioration of paints on the interior walls of greenhouses
and other buildings.

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