Tuesdays of each month.
Kewanee Chapter, No. 47, R. A. M. Organized Oct. 29, 1858. Un-
der dispensation a Chapter was opened in Kewanee by Rev. G. E. Peters,
H. P., assisted by several companions. One petition was received and
In October, 1859, the Grand Chapter issued a Charter to Kewanee
Chapter, No. 47, R. A. Masons.
The Chapter is in a thrifty condition, with a membership of fifty-
HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY. 553
-seven. The presiding officers have been: G. E. Peters, C. Bassett, and
Chas. Trowbridge, who was first installed Jan. 9, 1861. Regular meet-
ings on first and third Wednesdays of each month.
Sherman Lodge, No. 535, A. F. and A. M., Orion. Officers : Freder-
ick Thompson, W. M. ; E. J. O'Neil, S. W. ; Wm. Lembke, J. W. ; H.
H. Parks, Secy. ; J. H. McGovern, Treas. ; H. W. Rishel, S. D. ; S. J.
Ickes, J. D. ; L. H. Muman, T. C. Williams, Stewards ; O. P. Wade,
Tiler. Meets on Wednesday evening, on or before the full of the moon
in each month.
The following are the officers of the Masonic bodies for the year 1877 :
Kewanee Lodge, No. 159, A. F. and A. M. A. B. Ashley, W. M. ;
C. H. Bogue, S. W. ; Matt. B. Blish, J. W. ; S. W. Warner, Treas. ; W.
T. Cross, Secy. ; C. K. Ladd, S. D. ; A. B. Spickler, J. D. ; C. Otis and
S. Enos, Stewards ; C. P. Leonard, Tiler.
Kewanee Chapter, No. 47, R. A. M. Chas. Trowbridge, M. E. H. P.;
J. B. Moffitt, E. K. ; Geo. D. Elliott, E. S. ; C. K. Ladd, C. H. ; C. H.
Bogue, P. S. ; A. B. Ashley, R. A. C. ; J. R. Clapp, M. 3d V. ; A. E.
Matteson, M. 2d V. : A. T. Johnson, M. 1st V. ; S. W. Warner, Treas. ;
Wm. T. Cross. Secy. ; C. P. Leonard, Sentinel.
Cambridge Lodge, No. 49, A. F. and A. M. Officers: J. E. Ayers,
W. M. ; A. R. Mock, S. W. ; W. J. Vannice, J. W. ; E. D. Richardson,
Treas. ; P. H. Beveridge, Secy. ; T. G. Ayers, S. D. ; W. B. Dean, J. D. ;
T. S. Kline, Tiler. Meets at Cambridge first and third Thursday even-
ings in each month.
Wethersfield Lodge, No. 128, I. 0. 0. F. Officers: A. Maul, N. G.;
C. L. Rowley, V. G. ; C. P. Remick, P. S. ; W. C. Loomis, Treas. Meets
at Kewanee every Monday evening.
^Kewanee ^Encampment, No. 105, /. 0. 0. F. Officers : L. E. Rowley,
C. P. ; W. C. Loomis, H. P. ; D. W. Payne, S. W. ; H. H. Bryan, J.W. ;
C. P. Remick, Scribe and Treas. Meets at Kewanee on the first and
third Friday evenings of each month.
G-eneseo Lodge, No. 172, /. 0. 0. F. Instituted March 28, 1855.
Officers : J. C. Rockwell, N. G. ; Geo. W. Cash, V. G. ; Geo. M. Cooper,
Secy. ; H. R. Canfield, Perm. Secy. ; F. H. McArthur, Treas. Meets at
Geneseo every Tuesday evening.
Johann Huss Lodge, No. 320, /. 0. 0. F. Instituted in September,
1865. Officers : John Buderbrod, N. G. ; Michael Ledig, V. G. ; George
Ernst, Secy. ; Henry Steibel, Treas. Meets at Geneseo every Wednesday
J. 0. Harris Encampment, No. 84, 1. 0. 0. F. Instituted February
20, 1866. Officers : Henry Canfield, C. P. ; W. Ash, S. W. ; L. Wood-
ruff, H. P. ; H. Steibel, J. W. ; H. O. Fisher, Scribe ; Geo. F. Godfrey,
Treas. Meets at Geneseo first and third Thursday evenings of each
Cambridge Lodge, No. 199, I. 0. 0. J 7 . Officers : Rev. J. Cairns, N.
G. ; Samuel Steele, V. G. ; Chas. Jackson, Secy. ; Sylvester Rockwell,
554 HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY.
Treas. ; T. A. Cook, Perm. Secy. Meets at Cambridge every Tuesday^
Galva Lodge, No. 408, /. 0. 0. J 7 . Officers : E. B. Lutes, N. G. ;
Chas. Stowe, V. G. ; S. S. Hoyt, R. S. ; E. P. Utley, P. S. ; J. W. A.
Miller, Treas. ; H. Higgins, G. R. Meets at Galva every Monday even-
Galva Lodge, No. 243, A. F. and A. M. Officers: S. G. Jarvis, \V.
M. ; O. P. Stoddard, S. W.; H. A. King, J. W. ; J. L. Finley, Treas. ;
C. W. Williams, Secy. Meets at Galva first and third Tuesday evenings
of each month.
Post No. 33, a. A. R. Officers : A. F. Miller, Post Commander ; J.
Babbitt, S. V. G. ; S. P. Johnson, J. V. G. ; J. L. Finley, G. M. ; N.
Flansburge, O. of D. ; B. M. Dorr, Chaplain ; E. W. Smith," Adjt. Meets
at Galva every alternate Wednesday evening.
Woman's Temperance League. Officers : Mrs. H. M. Higgins, Pres. ;
Mrs. M. E. Holmes, Secy. There are no saloons in Galva.
Clover Lodge, No. 383, 7. 0. 0. I 7 . Officers ; E. C. Rosseter, N. G. ;
John W. Shutler,V. G. ; L. C. Houghton. R. S. ; Geo. H. McClung, P. S. :
W. A. Fraser, Treas. Meets each Monday evening at Woodlmll.
Woodhull Lodge, No. 502, A. F. and A. If. Officers : J. W. Willis,
W. M. ; L. J. Elliot, S. W. ; J. Kingclon, J. W. ; James Doyle, Treas. :
W. A. Fraser, Secy. ; R. H. Magner, S. D. ; Chas. Wilkins/J. D. ; Jas.
Stiers, Tiler. Meets at Woodhull every Friday, on or before the full
Cambridge Library Association. Organized in May, 1876, with N. B.
Gould, C. J. Gruey, W. A. Shepherd, C. R. Wheeler, T. G. Ayres, and
B. W. Seaton as Directors.
Number of volumes about 400. Oopen every Saturday afternoon.
B. W. Seaton, Librarian.
Y. M. C. A., Cambridge. Organized April 3, 187G ; forty-seven
members. Officers: E. Buck, Pres. ; A. Morse, Vice-Pres.; J. W. Cairns,
Secy. ; W. K. Wight, Cor. Secy. ; James Keagy, Treas. Meets at Cam-
bridge every Monday evening.
Galva Grange, No. 1,591, P. of H. Officers : J. M. A. Miller, Mas-
ter; Mrs. M. Aby, Overseer; Alex. Aby, Treas.; C. C. Palmer, Secy.;
Geo. D. Palmer, Steward. Meets at Galva on the afternoon of each
Lecture Association, Galva. Organized in November, 1876. Officers :
G. W. Butters, Pres. ; N. E. Phillips, Vice-Pres. ; H. W. Young, Secy. ;
Dr. J. F. Todd, Cor. Secy. ; W. F. Wiley, Treas.
Library Association, Galva. Organized in 1874. Officers: S. Mun-
ger, Pres. ; W. F. Wiley, Secy, and Treas. ; C. E. Davis, Librarian.
About 500 books in the library. Open at all times.
Radiant Star Lodge, 612, /. 0. 0. F. of Annawan. Officers : J. L.
Robinson, N. G.; B. W. Vaughan, Vice G. ; L. R. Craig, Sec.
HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY. 555
Annawan Lodge, 433, A. F. and A. M. Officers : L. R. Craig, "W.
M. ; Chas. Vaughn, S. W. ; F. W. Steinhart, J. W. ; S. N. Barker, Treas.;
.John M. Brown, Secy.; James McNeill, S. D.; Joseph Hilding, J. D.; M.
A. Harrett, Tiler.
HENRY COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
On Wednesday, Feb. 16, 1853, a meeting of citizens of the county
was held at Cambridge to organize an agricultural society. Col. Sylves-
ter Blish presided at this meeting, and G. M. King acted as Secretary. A
constitution was adopted, and the following officers elected : Frederick
P. Brown, President ; Sylvester Blish, Vice-president ; Henry G. Griffin,
second Vice-president ; Thomas F. Davenport, Recording Secretary ;
Ben. Graham, Corresponding Secretary, and Alfred W. Perry, Treas-
urer. About forty persons joined the society at this meeting, the dues
being fixed at one dollar each. It was decided to hold a fair on the 5th
and 6th days of October following, and after appointing a meeting for the
executive committee and officers to be held on April 4, this meeting
adjourned. As was agreed upon, the first fair of this society was held
in October, and considering the primitive condition of the county at that
date, was a decided success. The fairs were held in the court-house
yard two or three years after commencement, when the society pur-
chased twenty acres from H. W. Wells. Quite a large tract of land,
including this spot, was held by a Mr. James Wade, of Pennsylvania,
under mortgage. He foreclosed this, and the entire tract was pur-
chased at the sale by Amos Gould, who deeded to H. G. Little, J. C.
Edwards and A. W. Perry as trustees, the same twenty acres to be used
as the society's grounds as long as they should continue the fair, and for
five years after its discontinuance, should that occur. This arrangement
was continued until Feb. 17, 1875, when the society purchased the grounds
from Mr. Gould through these trustees. That, in addition to ten acres
purchased in August, 1869, gives accommodations for a large exhibit. The
value of the property is now about $12,000, and the sum of $5,000 is yearly
offered in premiums. The fairs are annual!}' held in the Autumn, and are
considered equal to any in the state.
When first organized and held in the court-house yard, members were
admitted on the payment of one dollar annually, and for a few years no
admission fees were charged. This was found to be impracticable, and
life memberships were issued on the payment of 810 each. In 1871, the
entire plan was changed. A stock company was formed, the citizens of
the county favoring this plan, and investing very generally in it. Owing*
to the unsettled condition of the country during the late war no fairs
were held during the years 1862 and '63 ; but with these exceptions,
the exhibitions have been continuous sicne the commencement.
The present officers are : P. H. Beveridge, President, Cambridge ;
A. A. Crane, Vice-president, Osco ; R. H. Hinman, Secretary, Cam-
bridge ; F. G. Welton, Assistant Secretary, Cambridge ; William H.
Shepard, Treasurer, Cambridge ; J. C.Edwards, General Superintendent,
Cambridge. One of the most important features added to the fair is the
premium of $75 offered for the best educational exhibit. The plan and
prizes offered are fully given in the chapter devoted to educational inter-
ests of the county.
556 HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY.
THE OLD SETTLERS' SECOND ANNUAL MEETING.
(From the "HESUY COUNTY CHROXICLK," Thursday, Aug. 17. 1876.)
The second annual reunion of the old settlers of Henry County was
held in the park, at Geneseo, last Friday, llth. A large concourse of
people assembled from all parts of the county, not less than three
thousand persons being on the ground, and the organization inaugurated
in a Hanna grove last year was perfected and made permanent. President
James M. Allan called the meeting to order, and Rev. P. K. Hanna, the
first Christian minister to settle in this county, offered prayer. Dr. Ira
R. Wells, from the committee appointed last year to draft a constitution,
read their report, which was unanimously adopted. The constitution
adopts the name of " Old Settlers' Association of Henry County," and
provides for a president, five vice-presidents, secretary and assistant, and
a treasurer, to be chosen annually, except the secretary, who holds his
office until removed by death, resignation, or two-thirds vote of the
members present at a regular meeting. A committee of arrangements,
of seven members, including the assistant secretary and the treasurer,
and a committee of necrology, of seven members, including the secretary
and the treasurer, are also among the annual officers. Conditions of
membership are twenty years' residence before the preceding January, or
being married to such a person, and the payment of one dollar. Under
this constitution the signatures of over eighty members were secured.
A committee of one from each town was appointed to nominate offi-
cers, and recess was then taken for dinner. This was an exercise in
whicli young settlers as well as old participated. The people of Geneseo
had provided coffee in endless quantity, and the visitors had brought
their lunch ; and the maple-shaded park became a royal banquet hall.
After dinner the Chair proposed the question, Where shall our next
meeting be held ? Thomas F. Davenport invited the Association to meet
at Cambridge, and it was unanimously decided by vote that Cambridge
be the place, and Friday, August 10, 1877, the day, for the next annual
The committee on nominations then reported the following, and they
were unanimously elected :
President "JOSEPH A. SAWYER.
Vice-Presidents JAMES GLENN, JOHN PIATT, SR., RICHARD MAS-
CALL, C. B. MINER, WM. T. CROZIER.
Secretary THOMAS F. DAVENPORT.
Assistant Secretary P. H. BEVERIDGE.
Treasurer PHILIP K. HANNA.
Committee of Arrangements P. H. BEVERIDGE and P. K. HANNA,.
ex-officio; R. H. HINMAN, A. W. PERRY, M. B. POTTER, M. B. LOYD,
Committee of Necrology T. F. DAVENPORT and P. K. HANNA, ex-
officio ; IRA R. WELLS, C. C. BLISH, THOMAS NOWERS, SR., LEVI HIG-
GINS, WM. T. CROZIER.
H. S. Comstock then read the following historical sketch of Colona :
The first settler in Henry County was Dr. Thomas Baker, who came
HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY 557
to the county on the 6th day of May, 1835, from Adams County, and
settled on Section 16, Colona Township premises now occupied by
George Kinkaid. Marinda Baker, a daughter of Dr. Baker, died in April,
1836, being then about 15 years of age, and was buried on the southeast
corner of Section 16. There is now nothing to mark her last resting-
place. This was the first death in Henry County.
The next oldest settlers were Thomas and James Glenn and Anthony
Hunt, who came from Ohio, and whose nativity was Fayette County,
Kentucky. This party settled on Section 20, on the 13th day of May,
1835. On the 15th day of May, James Glenn raised the first house in
Henry County. It was built of logs hewn with the broad ax, and was
8x10 feet in size. The father of James Glenn planted a locust seed that
was brought from the Ashland farm of Henry Clay at Lexington, Ken-
tucky. This grew to be a large tree, and is now in a flourishing condition.
It measures 12 feet in circumference at the base, and four feet from the
ground measures 7 feet in circumference. Messrs. Glenn and Hunt broke
and cultivated about 12 acres of ground that Summer. Indians, deer and
prairie chickens were very numerous in these pioneer days the former
peaceable, the latter so tame that they often came into the yards with
domestic animals. Thomas and James Glenn made the first plow ever
made in Henry County the mold-board of which is now to be seen at the
residence of James Glenn, and is in a good state of preservation. It ia
made of burr oak, is four feet in length and sixteen inches in width. It
was hewn out with an ax by Mr. Glenn himself. The first barn in Henry
County was raised on New Year's day, 1836, by Thomas and James Glenn.
This was also of hewn logs. Anthony Hunt settled on the southwest
quarter of Section 20, built a log house; and brought his wife from St.
Louis, in April, 1836.
The first coal found in Henry County was discovered by Dr. Baker,
in the Fall of 1835, on Baker's Creek, which runs through Section 21.
This has since been called the Minersville Bank, and was probably at one
time the most extensive mine in the county. The vein varies from 4 to
6 feel in depth.
Erskine Wilson established a ferry over Rock River at the mouth of
Green River, in the Spring of 1836. This was the first ferry in Henry
County, and was on the main route from Chicago to Rock Island, and
travelers in all directions found it necessary to patronize this ferry.
The next settler in Colona Township was George Brandenburg, who
settled on the southeast quarter of Section 1, on the 9th day of Septem-
ber, 1835, and built and opened a tavern, which was the first one in
Henry County. Mr. Brandenburg was born in Frederick County, Mary-
land, 'in 1799.
Stephen Marshall settled on Section 30, in April, 1836, and com-
menced operations as a farmer.
Joshua Harper and James M. Allan next came to Colona Township,
in May, 1836, and lived with George Brandenburg about a year.
Charles Oakley and a Mr. Wilcox, who were agents for the Morris-
town Colony, came to this vicinity in June, 1836, and lived with Mr.
Brandenburg several months. They located the lands for the Morristown
Colony, and laid out what was then known as the town of Morristown.
The agents of the Geneseo Colony arrived at the house of George
558 HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY.
Brandenburg, in July, 1836. They made their location where the city of
Geneseo now stands.
In the Fall of 1886 three families came from Genesee County, N. V.,
and stopped at Mr. Brandenburg's. James M. Allan, James Bennett, a
Mr. Seymour, and Mr. Brandenburg went to where Geneseo now is, and
raised the first house, near where the brewery now stands. They cut the
logs and raised the house in one day. Thus Geneseo may be said to have
been built in a day by Colona pioneers.
Nathan and Abisha Washburn and Luke C. Sheldon, members of the
Morristown Colony, settled on Section 30.
Thomas Hodges came to Colona Township in the Spring of 1837, and
located on Section 20. Mr. Hodges has been a successful farmer, and has
lived to see the growth of the county around him.
The next farm was opened by Joshua Harper, in the Spring of 1837,
on Section 17. Mr. Harper built the best log house in the county at that
time. This farm was then the largest one in cultivation in the county.
Mr. Harper lived a bachelor's life the first year or two Joseph Turner
being his chief cook.
A post-office was established at Dayton in the Fall of 1836, and called
Green River post-office Postmaster, George Brandenburg. This was a
distributing office for Morristown and Geneseo. Settlers often came 15
and 20 miles on foot for mail.
The first election held in Henry County was held at the house of
George Brandenburg, in June, 1837. Following is a minute of the
" At an election held at the house of George Brandenburg, on the
19th day of June, A.D. 1837, for the purpose of electing county officers
for Henry County (in the State of Illinois), the following persons were
elected : Philip K. Hanna, Joshua Browning, Ithamar Pillsbury, County
Commissioners : Joshua Harper, Recorder ; Abra M. Seymour, Surveyor,
Robert McCullough, Sheriff; Roderick R. Stewart, Coroner; John P.
Hanna, Charles Atkinson, Roderick R. Stewart, Judges of Election."
ABBA M. SEYMOUR, JAMES M. ALLAN, Clerks.
Frederick Olmstead then read the following historical sketch of
MR. PRESIDENT AND CITIZENS : Having been assigned the duty of
preparing an historical account of the early settlement of the Township
of Hanna for this occasion, we are indebted to P. K. Hanna, J. P. Hanna,
George Brandenburg and others, for many of the facts incorporated in
the address. Owing to other pressing duties and the short space of time
allotted for its preparation, there will doubtless occur discrepancies and
omissions, which, it is hoped, will meet with a generous criticism.
In the month of June, in the year 1835, a small party left Knoxville,
Illinois, for the purpose of exploring the lands of Henry County, with
the view of forming a settlement. The party consisted of Rev. Geo. A.
Colbert, P. K. Hanna, J. P. Hanna, J. D. Tabor, Samuel and Neal
Withrow. Journeying along on horse-back they traveled over nearly the
entire territory now within the bounds of Henry County. At this time
they found the family of Dr. Thomas Baker, living on Section 16, near
the mouth of Green River, in what is now the Township of Colona, and at
HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY.
that time the only family in what is now Henry County. Here they rested
a short time enjoying the hospitality of Dr. Baker. Leaving this point
they followed what was known as the Black Hawk trail some twenty
miles in a northeasterly direction, camping at what is now known as Mc-
Henry's Ditch, in the township of Phenix. This trail was nearly on the
same ground on which the state road from Chicago, Dixon and Rock
Island was afterward located. Leaving this point they returned to Knox-
ville, where they remained about two weeks. After replenishing their
stock of provisions, P. K. and J. P. Hanna, accompanied by Robert Land,
of Carmi, Illinois, returned to Henry County to finish their explorations,
making their first camp at White Oak Grove, on Edwards River; where
they found Mr. Butler and family on a claim which was afterward pur-
chased by what was known as the Andover Colony. Leaving White Oak
Grove they traveled north, arriving on the banks of Rock River in the
month of July, 1835. Here they set their stakes on Section 32, 18 north
2 past of the 4th P.M., near the present site of the village of Cleveland,
which was then occupied by Winnebago Indians. At this time they
found Earl P. Aldrich, who had just settled with his family in what is
now known as Phenix Township. From here the party once more returned
to Knoxville, from whence P. K. Hanna started with his family for their
new home in the woods, arriving August 13, on the claim staked out by
him the month previous, which was forty -one years ago day after to-mor-
row, being the first family in Hanna Township, and the fourth in the"
county. On the 9th day of September of the same year, came George
Brandenburg, from Ohio, and located on Section 6, in the Township of
Hanna, on land now owned by Thomas Hill. Later in the same year he
moved and settled on the southeast quarter of Section 1, in the Township
of Colona, where in October, 1836, in company with Mark M. Atkinson,
he laid out the Town of Dayton, where he yet resides. Here he erected
a log house, into which he moved on Christmas day, 1835, and opened it
to the public as a tavern, and which was for years after known through-
out the entire state as " Brandenburg's Tavern," and an important stage
station ; and many a weary pioneer has received a hearty welcome, shel-
ter, and Godspeed from the Judge and his good wife. This was the first
public house opened in Henry County. Here was established the second
post-office in the county (George Brandenburg, postmaster), where settlers
came from nearly all parts of the county for their mail. Here on the
19th of June, 1837, the election for the organization of Henry County
was held, and the first county officers were elected, consisting of three
County Commissioners, namely : P. K. Hanna, Ithamar Pillsbury and
Joshua Browning. Robert McCullough was elected Sheriff; Roderick
R. Stewart, Coroner ; Joshua Harper, Recorder ; A. M. Seymour, County
As an instance of the moral status of the early settlers, we will state
that in this election Thos. R. Sanders, the competitor of Joshua Harper,
most certainly would have been elected but for the fact of its having been
proved that said Sanders had purchased a pair of shoes on the Sabbath
day. and to this alone Mr. Harper owes his election. Here, also, on the
27th day of June, was held the first term of the County Commissioners'
Court, at which James M. Allan was appointed County Clerk, and Charles
Atkinson, County Treasurer. The remaining business of the term con-
560 HISTORY OF HENRY COUNTY.
sisted in granting a license to Charles Atkinson, John P. Hanna and Geo.
Tyler, for a ferry at Cleveland the ferrymen having to pay for this
privilege one dollar and fifty cents. A store at Cleveland, and also one
at Dayton, were licensed at this time. Several other terms of the Com-
missioners' Court were held at this place. Here, also in June, 1838, the
first term of the circuit court was held, under Judge Stone.
As an instance of one of the real estate transactions of those days
George Brandenburg traded a one-half interest in the town of Dayton to
Mark M. Atkinson, for 1,200 acres of Texas land. Later in the same
year came George Albert and E. Walters, with families, and also Henry
and Samuel Sullivan, with mother and two sisters, all of whom settled in
Hanna Township. The necessary preparations for Winter were at once
begun by erecting log cabins, building sheds, cutting hay, and preparing
for Winter generally. All our supplies had to be transported from fifty to
seventy-five miles with ox teams, which was no trifling matter. Early in
the Winter, Collin D. James, a missionary from the Rock Island Mission,
organized a religious society. Services were held in the log cabin of P.
K. Hanna, being the first services and the first society organized in the
county. Rev. James continued to preach to this little band of Evan-
gelists until the Fall of 1836, when he was succeeded by Rev. Asa D.
West. These were days of small things, yet of deep interest to the few
scattered settlers. The population of the township was further increased
in the Spring of 1836, by the arrival of J. D. Tabor, J. P. Hanna, Charles
Atkinson and George Tyler, with families ; making the entire population
of the Township of Hanna, in the Spring of 1836, about forty-one souls.
The first marriage in the county was in Hanna Township, namely:
James P. Doge to Miss Samantha Colbert, daughter of Rev. Geo. A.
Colbert. This occurred on February 7, 1836, and before the organization
of the county, consequently the license had to be procured from Knox
In April, 1836, the village of Cleveland was laid out, on the south
bank of Rock River, on Section 31, by George Charles, county surveyor
of Knox Count}', for Charles Atkinson and James D. Tabor, being the
first town laid out in the county (and it has been laid out ever since).
The first log buildings in Cleveland were built in 1836, by George Bran-