Saint Andrew's society of the state of New York.

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Part I




William M. MacBean









Part I




William M. MacBean




Douglas Uaijlor & Co.
mew lorFi

ICbe Society
IAN 23 191^


It is rather singular that the Scotsmen of New York, of whom
there were many — landed proprietors, professional men and mer-
chants — should have so long delayed the formation of a Scottish
charitable society. Boston, Charleston, Philadelphia and Savannah,
in the order named, were earlier in the field. The first notice I have
found of any attempt at forming a Scottish Society in New York was
in 1753, but it appears to have been more patriotic and social than
charitable. In that year, I find in the press of the day repeated calls
to meeting of "The Scots Society" at the home of Malcolm jMcEuen
"near the City Hall" (then in Wall Street), and on Saint Andrew's
Day of that year this Society honored the occasion by a dinner at
"Scotch Johnny's" (otherwise John Thomson, a popular boniface of
that time), "at the sign of the Crown and Thistle at the White Hall
Slip." The ships in the river were dressed, cannon fired by the naval
vessel on the station, and in the evening the members went in a body
to the theatre in Nassau Street, escorted by "a vast concourse of
people." One wonders whether the "Garb of Old Gaul" or the bag-
pipes were the greater attraction, for they must have had one or the
other, if not both, to account for the "vast concourse." Nothing
further is heard of this "Scots Society," but it probably was the
seed which bore such grand fruit.

The Highland dress and the bagpipes, however, were destined
soon to be no novelty in the Colony. In 1756 Pitt determined to
press the war with France and attempt the conquest of Canada. For
this purpose he needed soldiers, and he had the sagacity to turn a
formidable disturbing element to the peace of the country into loyal
supporters of the government. The chiefs of the clans were offered
rank in the army if companies of Highland soldiers were raised by
them for service abroad, and in a very short time it became manifest
that the Highlands of Scotland was a recruiting ground for brave
and adventurous men to whom soldiering appealed, and their subse-
quent behavior in many a well-fought field in support of the Empire
justified Pitt's action. It is true there already was a regiment of


Highland soldiers in the ranks of the army, the 42nd, or Black
Watch, and on the field of Fontenoy they had demonstrated what
they could do, but they were not popular in the Highlands at the
time, as they were looked upon as a Whig regiment and had been
raised for the purpose of being a "watch" upon the Highlands.
Pitt's first step against the French was to send the 42nd Royal High-
landers to New York, and this city saw an unusual sight in the
month of June, 1756, when this regiment marched through its streets,
to the barracks in the fort at Bowling Green, with colors flying and
bagpipes playing. The 42nd did not remain long in New York, their
destination being Albany, the rendezvous for the army intended for
campaigning on the Lakes. It is probable that the Scottish residents
of New York entertained the officers of the regiment, for we find
that, in the following year when two more Scottish regiments arrived,
the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, and the 78th, Fraser's High-
landers, they were entertained royally.

On the nineteenth day of November in the year 1756, "a number
of gentlemen, natives of Scotland, and of Scottish descent, met to-
gether and agreed to form themselves into a Society for charitable
purposes." Many of the Scottish officers in the army, captains of
trading vessels, some of whom became subsequently merchants of
New York, and visiting Scotsmen were enrolled as members. On
Saint Andrew's Day of 1757 the Society held its first anniversary
dinner, the event being duly chronicled in the press. The Society
continued on its way thereafter, dispensing its charities and celebrat-
ing each succeeding Saint Andrew's Day until 1774, when the
troublous times of the Revolution put a temporary stop to its activi-
ties. During the period under review many other regiments arrived
in the Colony and many of the Scottish officers in their ranks joined
the Society. The 26th Cameronians, the ist Royals and the Goth
Royal American regiment, the latter officered largely by Scotsmen,
contributed a goodly number to our ranks. ]\Iany of them rose to
high rank in the service and others gave their lives for their country.

At the peace of 1763 some of the Scottish regiments were dis-
banded, and officers and men were given the option to remain in the
country, grants of land being offered them as an inducement. Many
of them had formed ties in this country and had taken them wives
and begat families, and they as a rule remained, and most of them
continued loyal to the flag for which they had fought. Not many of


their descendants are to be found here, however, but must be looked
for in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The leaven of the Society,
however, was the Scottish merchants of the city, who, for the honor
of Saint Andrew, looked after their poor fellow-countrymen, and
our best citizens went from house to house "relieving the distressed."

Nothing heretofore has been done to rescue from oblivion the
personnel of the membership, with the exception of the JNIemorial
History by Mr. Morrison, published in 1906, on the one hundred
and fiftieth anniversary of the Society. This work was confined to
sketches of the lives of the Presidents. I am attempting the identifi-
cation of the membership from its early beginning in 1756 to the
year 1806. The following installment of the work is devoted to the
period 1756-1783. and I hope it will meet at least with indulgence in
view of the fact that not a line of it was collected prior to a year ago.

Sketches of the several officers, of whom I have given only their
official record, may yet be found in the many works on the period
published in this country, and in the town and county histories of

Those members who have not been identified were prominent
Scotsmen in the Colony of New York, merchants from other Ameri-
can Colonies or visiting Scotsmen from the West Indies, and it is
hoped that some time in the future some data concerning them may
be found.

In the year 1823 the Society published a copy of its Constitution
with a list of officers and members from the beginning to that date.
This list was made up from the Records in the handwriting of the
several secretaries, and owing to the difficulty of deciphering, errors
crept into the printed record. Errors also have occurred through
faulty spelling. No effort seemed to have been made to identify
each member, and the errors have remained until this day. Where-
ever these errors have been noted, corrections have been made with
great care and only after mature deliberation.

The next period, from the Evacuation to the close of the first fifty
years of the Society's existence, 1783- 1806, will be a more difficult
task, as sketches of the lives of plain merchant citizens are not easily
attainable. The press is almost the only source of information and
the advertisements therein practically the only reading matter, out-
side of foreign news. There was then no society column with its
divulgence of intimate and indiscreet information, no obituary


sketches, and not always an obituary notice. There is no doubt,
however, that the descendants of many of our members of this
period could help materially in the work of identification could they
be got at, therefore the results obtained should eventually be pub-
lished, no matter how little there can be said about each member, in
order that our citizens of Scottish descent may become interested in
their ancestors' connection with the Saint Andrew's Society of the
State of New York.

I shall esteem it a favor should anyone correct any errors into
which I may have fallen, and I invite correspondence which may add
to our knowledge of any of the members in the following list.

William M. AIacBean,

II Wall Street,

New York City,
Nov. and, 1911.





Vice-President 1758-59; 4th President 1759-61.
(For biographical sketch see Morrison's History.)



Son of the Rev. Thomas Barclay, Rector of St. Peters' Church,
Albany, N. Y., in which city he was born; graduated Yale, 1734;
missionary for many years among the Mohawks ; became Rector of
Trinity Church, New York, October 1746; d. August 20, 1764.


In 1757 Capt. Buchanan of the Royal American Regiment of
Artillery was stationed at Sandy Hook, according to the Post Boy;
was with Braddock and was wounded in the fight. The British
Army List gives his record as follows : — Capt. -Lieut. Royal Artillery
April I, 1756; Captain, January i, 1759; Alajor in the army July 22,,
i/'/2. In 1776 he received the appointment of Lieut. -Gov. of Kinsale
and Charles Fort in the Kingdom of Ireland, and was knighted. In
1779 had become Lieut.-Colonel.

(This name appears on Roll as G. J. Buchanan.)

2 ROSTER. [1756

Manager 1764-65.

Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay, Argyleshire, and "Campbell
Hall," Ulster Co., N. Y. ; was born at the latter place; young when
father died; apprenticed to a merchant in New York and went
several voyages as supercargo to the West Indies. When the 42nd
Highlanders landed in New York in 1756 he found several relatives
among the officers, entered the regiment as a volunteer, soon receiv-
ing an Ensigncy, served in one or two campaigns in 1759, received
an appointment as Lieutenant in the Royal American Regiment while
at Quebec; 1763 reduced to half-pay; went to England, presented a
Memorial to the Crown and eventually received a large grant of land.
His second visit to England is dwelt on at length in Jones' History of
New York. When the news of the skirmish at Lexington reached
New York, Donald, with a motley crowd, paraded the town with
drums beating, colors flying and invited the citizens to take up arms.
For his activities he expected reward and was much chagrined when
he found that he did not receive an appointment in the Continental
army; went to Philadelphia, presented a Memorial to Congress and
was appointed Deputy Quarter-Master General; went with Mont-
gomery to Canada, was at the siege of St. Johns, at ]\Iontreal when
it surrendered, and at Quebec. Upon the death of Montgomery and
the wounding of Arnold, Campbell took command, raised the block-
ade, retired to Montreal, leaving all his cannon, stores and sick
behind. This ofifended Congress and he was never afterwards em-
ployed. He retired to the country, where he lived indigent, neglected
and forlorn. His brothers, who had also been in the Seven Years
War, remained loyal.

Treasurer 1756-61.

In 1756 at house next the ]\Ierchants Cofifee House, where he did
a general business and became known in later years as a Wine Mer-
chant. In 1764 one of the Trustees to give title to the lands granted
to the Campbell emigrants. In 1766 his store was on "Crommelin's
Wharf back of Judge Livingston's" and his advertisement says that

1756] ST. Andrew's society. 3

he proposes to go out of business. He probably moved to the country,
for his name does not appear in the press again as late as 1780. In
1785 he contributed £4 to the proposed Saint Andrew's Hall.


His official record is as follows : Ensign 62nd Regiment, Jan-
uary 7, 1756; Lieut. 60th Regiment, May 7, 1757; and again in same
regiment with the same rank of Lieut., IMay 8, 1764.



Manager 1756-59; Vice-President 1759-64; President 1764-66.
(See Morrison's History.)

Manager 1759-60.

In 1750 had a store in King Street; on December 28, 1755, the
firm of Aspinwall and Doughty, in the woolen business, terminated,
and Thomas continued in business, keeping a miscellaneous line of
goods, and located in Queen Street. In 1759 he removed to Dock
Street betwixt the Slip and Coenties Market, and the character of
his business had changed to fine groceries, wines, etc. In 1775 he
proposes moving to the country and everything is ofifered for sale,
even his furniture. He probably left the country and remained away
during the Revolution, but returned, for Dr. Francis tells of a
Thomas Doughty who was one of those who repaired to Dr. Hosack's
Elgin Botanical Garden to study Botany.

4 ROSTER. [1756


Surgeon of the 4th Battalion of the 60th Royal American Regi-
ment. He had a house in Beaver Street.


John Duncan was born in Scotland and came out to Schenectady
in 1755. He was possessed of a good capital and opened an exten-
sive mercantile establishment. He was the pioneer of a new style of
merchants and a new mode of trade at Schenectady. Soon after locat-
ing he formed a partnership with James Phyn of London (also a
member) and they became extensive wholesale and retail merchants
and forwarders, extending their business far and wide over the lakes,
and after 1759 dealing largely and directly with Montreal. Duncan
took care of the business in Schenectady while Phyn, his partner,
attended to the business abroad and at Montreal. They both became
exceedingly rich, for that day, and retired from business. Duncan
built a country seat called "The Hermitage." He was first Recorder
of Schenectady, and in 1763 Justice of the Peace; in 1773 Sixth
Judge of Albany County, and in 1774 he attended the Congress of
the Six Nations, which met after the death of Col. Johnson. During
the Revolution he remained loyal to the Crown. In 1785 he sub-
scribed, by William Malcom. £10 towards Saint Andrew's Hall. He
died at the Hermitage May 5, 1791, aged 69 years, much esteemed
for generous hospitality and unostentatious benevolence. From
Saunders' "Early History of Schenectady." In the List of Members
of Saint Andrew's Society which appears in the first City Directory
of 1786 he is styled Capt. John Duncan.


The first notice of James Duthie which I have found appears in
the New York Post Boy of May 25, 1761, and is somewhat of a
curiosity. "To Be Sold, at Duthie's London Peruke Ware-House at

1756] ST. Andrew's society. 5

White-Hall all Sorts of Perukes ready made, of the newest fashions,
at the lowest prices that can be afforded by any one of the Business,
that does Justice to his Customers, and warranted to be as good
Work, and made of as good hairs as any in America. Also Ladies
Teats, Bandos for the Hair, and Bags of the newest Fashion.
Roaseats and Ramellees, hard and soft Pomatum, false Ques, and
many other articles necessary in that way. By their Humble Ser-
vant James Duthie." In 1762 he moved to Golden Hill "at the sign
of the Golden Pot" and changed his business to Wines, Spirits and

Manager 1756-57. Vice-President 1757-58.

In 1759 in Smith Street, Foot of Pot Baker's Hill. m. Jane, dau.
of Cadwallader Golden same year. "A very worthy good Scotsman,
distinguished for his knowledge and abilities." d. May, 1787.


Lieut. 60th Royal Americans December 31, 1755; Capt. -Lieut.
March 22, 1757; k. at Ticonderoga.


In 1742 on the Roll of Freemen; 1750 store in Smith Street, sold
European Goods; 1756 house "next the corner, near the Exchange";
1757 made an assignment to James Sackett and in same year died.


A native of Scotland. Appears on our records as Ennis Graham ;
in 1753 advertised as "rEneas," but afterwards assumed the name of
Ennis; in 1748 house in Smith Street, where he sold European

6 ROSTER. [175^

Goods; 1755 advertised as "Taylor, in Broad Street, near the Ex-
change opposite Post Boy office"; 1761 haberdasher as well as
tailor ; 1762 moved to corner of Wall Street "facing the Meal Market,
near the Coffee House" where he remained for many years; in 1773
he was still in Wall Street "facing Air. Rivington's New Printing
Office." Retired to Middlesex Co., N. J. d. 1777.


Ensign 62nd Regiment Royal Americans Jan. 4, 1756; Lieut.
60th, Dec. II, 1756; Ensign May 24, 1758.

Presumably a lawyer. Found as witness to several wills.


Captain Royal Artillery April 2, 1757; Major in the army July 23^
1772. Lieut.-Colonel by brevet Aug. 29, 1777.

(This name appears on our Roll as Joseph Innes.)

Manager 1756-59; Vice-Pres. 1772-74; Pres. 1774^75; 17^4-85-

(See Morrison's History.)

* It is probable that this member's Christian name was written Jno and
deciphered Jos, but as a mistake was made in the name of his brother officer,
Lieut. Buchanan, it is a fair presumption that both officers were not intimately
known to secretary.

t David Johnston was descended from Dr. John Johnstone of Edinburgh, b.
1661, came to New York in 1685 and removed thence to Perth Amboy, where he
practised medicine until his death in 1732. His son John (b. 1691, d. 1732)

1756] ST. Andrew's society. 7

Manager 1762-63.

There was a firm of Kennedy and Dunlap whose partnership ex-
pired on Alay i, 1756. At the time of his death he was said to be of
Boston and late of St. Eustachius, W. I. He was a brother of Archi-
bald Kennedy of New York and Walter Kennedy of Surinam, and,
therefore, uncle of the future Earl of Cassilis. His will was proved
on oath of John Ross, a fellow member of the Society. In the
Mercury, Aug. 22, 1763, appears the following notice, "a Passage
Boat crossing to Wright's Ferry was caught in a squall and upset'
and Mr. Robert Kennedy and Mr. Morison (Scotch Gentlemen of
great Merit and Fortune) .... and Mr. David Gemmel were
drowned." Mr. Kennedy was buried at Richmond Church, Staten



Son of Philip, 2nd Lord of the Manor; educated at Yale; in 1754
in Broad Street in the Hardware and Coal business ; in 1756 near
the Whitehall Slip, storehouse being in Duke Street; in 1761 in
partnership with Alexander as John & Alexander Livingston, store
being in Rotten Row near the Old Slip and the business Dry Goods ;
this same year removed to south side of Queen Street, d. 1786.



First President of the Society 1756-57.
Signer of the Declaration of Independence.

(See Morrison's History.)

married Elizabeth Jamieson, and David was their third child. Colonel John,
given in Morrison's History as David's father, was his elder brother and was
a Colonel of Provincial forces and was not in the British army. The story that
David was the true heir to the Marquisate of Annandale could hardly be true,
as there were several lives between him and the succession, descendants of his
grandfather, Dr. John.

8 ROSTER. [iJS'^


(I 723-1 790)

Son of Philip, 2nd Lord of die Alanor ; b. Albany, N. Y., Novem-
ber 30, 1723; d. Elizabethtown, N. J., July 25, 1790; graduated Yale
1741 ; began the study of law in the office of James Alexander, com-
pleting his course under William Smith ; admitted to the Bar Octo-
ber, 1748, and soon became one of the leaders of his profession;
served three years in the legislature: in 1772 removed to "Liberty
Hall" at Elizabethtown, which had an eventful history during the
Revolutionary War and more than one attempt to burn it was made,
the stairs still showing the cuts that were made by the Hessians
when baffled in their attempt to capture the owner ; served for a
time in Congress; in June, 1776, he assumed the duties of Brigadier-
General and Commander-in-Chief of the New Jersey Militia ; in
August he was elected first Governor of the State of New Jersey.
During the occupancy of New Jersey by the British troops he filled
his office with great efficiency, as is shown by Washington's writ-
ings. — (Applcton.) While in New York he lived at 52 Wall Street.
He and John Morin Scott were known as the Presbyterian lawyers.
In 1752 he started a paper called the "Independent Reflector." He
was known as "The Itinerant Dey of New Jersey," "The Knight
of the most honourable Order of Starvation and Chief of the Inde-
pendents." and "The Don Quixote of the Jerseys" ; on account of
his being very tall and thin a female wit dubbed him "The Whipping


Mariner; probably son of William Louttit who advertised in 1750
as "Teacher of Navigation," and lived "in the swamp."


In 1759 IMaster of the brig "Polly" and traded between New
York, South Carolina and Ireland. In July of that year arrived in
Charleston and reported that on his passage from Charleston to

1756] ST. Andrew's society. 9

Jamaica he had been captured off Port Morant by two French
privateers from Port-au-Prince, but that same evening he recovered
his vessel from the French by "a singular Act of Bravery." — N. Y.
Mercury. In 1771 he had a new vessel the Ship "St. George." In
the Mercury, 1777, appears the following item: — "Capt. McAlpine
a brave and hearty Friend to his King and Country was some time
ago confined to the Gaol at Poughkeepsie on suspicion of enlisting
Men for His Majesty's Service. His friends rescued him."

JOHN McKesson.

(I 734- I 798)

Son of Alexander who had emigrated from Ireland in 1731 and
settled for a time at Fag's Manor, Chester County, Pennsylvania,
where John was born Feb. 20, 1734. The family originally came
from Argyleshire. John graduated at Princeton and thereafter
practised law in this city. He seems to have been associated with
John Morin Scott, as both are frequently witnesses on the same
wills. On June 17, 1768, he is entered on the Roll of Freemen as
"Gentleman and Attorney-at-Law." In the Clinton Papers, Vol. I,
p. 196, the following appears: — "John McKesson was one of the
most active Americans in the State of New York during the Revo-
lutionary War. His relations with the leaders were close and
intimate. He was appointed Secretary of the Provincial Convention
which met in New York the 20th of April, 1775, for the purpose of
choosing delegates to represent the colony in the Continental Con-
gress, and subsequently acted as Secretary to the Council of Safety.
July 31, 1776, he was appointed by the Provincial Convention,
Register in Chancery, which position he held for a number of years.
He acted as one of the Secretaries to the State Convention which
was called to ratify the Federal Constitution. He was the first
Clerk of the Assembly of New York which convened Sept. i, 1777,
and held the position continuously until 1794." He died of yellow
fever Sept. 18, 1798, unmarried.

(This name appears on Roll as McGuson.)

lO ROSTER. [1756



General Allan Alaclean, Torloisk, Island of JMuU, was born there
in 1725, and began his military career in the service of Holland, in
the Scots Brigade. At the siege of Bergen-op-Zoom, in 1747, a
portion of his brigade cut its way with great loss through the
French. On January 8, 1756, Allan became lieutenant in the 62nd
Regiment and in 1758 was severely wounded at Ticonderoga. He
became captain of an independent company January 16, 1759, and
was present at the surrender of Niagara, where he was again danger-
ously wounded. Returning to Great Britain, he raised the 114th
foot or Royal Highland Volunteers, of which he was appointed
major commandant October 18, 1761. The regiment being reduced
in 1763, Major McLean went on half-pay. He became lieutenant-
colonel May 25, 1772, and early in 1775 devised a colonization
scheme which brought him to America, landing in New York in
that year. At the outbreak of the Revolution he identified himself
wath the royalist side and was arrested in New York; was released
on denying he was taking a part in the dispute ; thence went to the
Mohawk and on to Canada, where he began to organize a corps,

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