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BR 60 .L52 V.3A
John Chrysostom, d. A07.
The homilies of S. John
Chrysostom, Archbishop of



'/



LIBRARY OF FATHERS



HOLY CATHOLIC CHUKCH.



ANTERIOR TO THE DIVISION OF THE EAST AND WEST



TRANSLATED BV MEMBERS OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH.




VKT SHALL NOT THV TEACHERS BE REMOVED IXTO A CORNER ANY MORE, HHI
THINE EVES SHALL SEE THY TEACHERS. Isuia/l x\X- 20.



OXFORD,

JOHN HENRY PARKER ;
F. AND J. RIVINGTON, LONDON.

MDCCCLI.



TO THE MEMORY

OF THE

MOST REVEREND FATHER IN GOD

WILLIAM

LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY,

PRIMATE OF ALL ENGLAND,

FORMERLY REGIUS PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD,

THIS LIBRARY

OF

ANCIENT BISHOPS, FATHERS, DOCTORS, MARTYRS, CONFESSORS,
OF CHRIST'S HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH,

UNDERTAKEN AMID HIS ENCOURAGEMENT,

AND

CARRIED ON FOB TWELVE YEARS UNDER HIS SANCTION,

UNTIL HIS DEPARTURE HENCE IN PEACE,

IS

GRATEFULLY AND REVERENTLY

INSCRIBED.



THE



FEB 2 3 1971



Wli



e;TJ5lSE^•^



:^^



HOMILIES



S. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM,



ARCHBISHOP OF CONSTANTINOPLE,



GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW,



TRANSLATED,



WITH NOTES AND INDICES.



PART III. HOM. LIX.— XC.



OXFORD,

JOHN HENRY PARKER;

F. AND J. RIVINGTON, LONDON.

MDCCCLI.



BAXTER, FTlINTF.n, OSFonD.



>,



-' -r-. r-



PREFACE.



The Homilies of St. Chrysostom on St. Matthew were
undoubtedly delivered at Antioch, (see Horn. vii. p. 105.)
and probably in the latter part of the time during which he
preached as a Presbyter. Montfaucon considers his little
mention of the sin of swearing a sign of his having accom-
plished some reformation on that point by his previous
exertions. In the Homilies delivered from 386 to 388, it is
a constant topic; and the Homilies known to belong to that
date are so numerous, as scarcely to leave room for such a
series as the present. These, however, contain very little
to mark the period to which they belong. The ai'gument
from his reference to dissensions some time gone by, possibly
those between St. Meletius and Paulinus and Evagrius, in
commenting on St. Matt, xxiii. 6. is not very conclusive.

A modern reader must sometimes be struck with finding
in St. Chrysostom a kind of criticism, which we are apt to
think belongs only to later times. His main object, however,
is moral, and he searches out with diligence both the mean-
ing and the applications of particular passages, usually con-
cluding with an eloquent exhortation to some special virtue.
Some of the most remarkable of these exhortations are on
the subject of Almsgiving, which he seems to have pressed
with success at last. His calculation in Hom. Ixvi. as to
what might be done, is somewhat curious. In the end of
Horn. Ixxxviii. he demands a reformation as the condition
of his entering on the controversy with Infidels. In the
next Homily he discusses the evidence of the Resurrcctioii

A 2



IV PREFACE.

with nearly the same arguments as would still be used
against an objector.

The Theatres are the theme of his frequent reprobation,
and the Monks of the mountains near Antioch of his praise.
In Horn. Ixjx. and Ixx. he describes their mode of life as
an edifying example to all. He frequently attacks the
Anomoean or extreme Arian Heresy, and sometimes also
the Manichean. It is perhaps worth while to recollect the
nearly contemporaneous prevalence of Manicheism in the
West, as it appears in the early history of St. Augustine. In
Hom. Ixxxvi. there are some remarks on the device of
Satan by which evil is introduced by little and little, which
are worthy of consideration as applicable to the growth of
erroneous doctrine and practice within the Church.

For all information with respect to the Text and Manu-
scripts of these Homilies, the learned reader is referred to
the Greek Edition of Mr. Field, which has been of great
service, as affording a safe basis for the Translation. The
paucity of materials possessed by Savile, and the carelessness
of the Benedictine Editor, had left much room for improve-
ment by a judicious and faithful use of the existing copies.
It may now at last be hoped, that we have a Text very
closely approximating to the genuine work of the Author.

For the Translation, the Editors are indebted to the
Rev. Sir George Prevost, M.A. of Oriel College, and for
the Index to the Rev. J. E. Tweed, M.A. of Christ Church,
Oxford. It will be their endeavour to complete the Com-
mentaries of St. Chrysostom on the New Testametit, by
bringing out the remainder of the Homilies on the Acts of
the Apostles, and those on the Epistle to the Hebrews, as
soon as they are able. In both instances, however, the
corrupt state of the Text has occasioned some difficulty and
delay.

C. M.
Oxford,
Advent, 1851.



CONTENTS.



HOMILY LIX.
Page 801,

Matt, xviii. 7.
Woe unto the world because of offences ; for it must needs h^
that offences come; hut woe to that man by whom the
offence comelh.

HOMILY LX.
Page 818.

Matt, xviii. 15.
If thy brotlier shall trespass ayainst thee, yo and tell him,
his fault between thee and him alone. If he shall hear
thee, thou hast yained thy brother.

HOMILY LXI.
Page 826.
Matt, xviii. 21.
Then came Peter to Him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my
brother sin ayainst me, and I for y ire him? till seven
times? Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until
seven times, but, Until seventy times seven.

HOMILY LXII.

Page 839.

Matt. xix. 1.
And it came to pass, that tvken Jesus had finished these
sayinys. He departed from Galilee, and came into the
coasts ofJudcea beyond Jordan.



VI CONTENTS.

HOMILY LXITl.

Page 852.

Matt. xix. 16.

And, behold, one came and said unto Him, Good Master,

by doing toJiat, shall I inherit eternal lije?

HOMILY LXIV.

Page 861.

Matt. xix. 27.
Then answered Peter, and said vnto Him, Behold, we have
forsaken all, and followed Thee: what shall we have
therefore ?

HOMILY LXV.

Page 874.

Matt. xx. 17—19.
And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples
apart in the way, and said unto them. Behold, tie go up to
Jerusalem, and the Son of Man shall be betrayed unto the
chief priests and unto the Scribes, and they shall condemn
Him to death, and shall deliver Him to the Gentiles to
mock, and to scourge, and to crucify Him, and the third
day He shall be raised.

HOMILY LXVI.

Page 889.

Matt. xx. 29, 30.
And as they departedfrom Jericho, great multitudes followed
Him. And, behold, two blind men sitting by the wayside,
when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying.
Have mercy on us, O Lord, Thou Son of David.

HOMILY LXVIL

Page 901.

Matt. xxi. 12, 13.
And Jesus went into the Temple, and cast out all them that
sold and bought in the Temple, and overthrew the tables of
the moneychangers, and the seats of tliem that sold doves,
and saiih unto them. It is tvritten, My house shall be
called a house of prayer, hut ye have made it a den of
thieves.



CONTENTS. Vll

HOMILY LXVIII.
Page 913,
Matt. xxi. 33 — 44.
Hear another parable. There laas a certain householder,
which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and
digged a winepress, and built a tower, and let it out to
husbandmen, andivent into a far country. And ivlien the
time of the fruit drew near, lie sent his servants to receive
the fruits. And the husbandmen took the servants, and
beat some, and killed some, and stoned some. Again he sent
other servants more than the first : and they did unto them
likewise. But last he sent unto them his son, saying, It
may be they will reverence my son. But when the htisband-
nien saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the
heir, come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.
And they cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.
When the Lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what
will he do to those husbandmen? They say unto Him, He
will miserably destroy those ivicked men, and uill let out
his vineyard to other husbandmen , which shall render him
the fruits in their seasons. Jesus saith unto litem. Did
ye never read hi the Scriptures, " The Stone Which the
builders rejected, the Same is become the Head of the
corner ; this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in
our eyesV Therefore I say unto you. The Kingdom of
God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation
bringing forth, tlie fruits thereof And whosoever shall
fall on Tills Stone shall be broken, but on whomsoever It
shall fall. It will grind him to powder.



HOMII.Y LXIX.
Page 927.

Matt. xxii. 1 — 14.

And Jesus answered and spake again in parables. The
Kingdom of Heaven is like unto a certain king, which
made a marriage for his son; and sent forth his servants
to call thctn which were bidden to the wedditig; and they
would not come. Again, he sent forth other servants.



Vlll CONTENTS.

saying, Tell them which are hidden, 1 have prepared mxj
dinner; my oxen and my failings are killed, and all
things are ready; come unto the marriage. But they
made light of it, and ivent tJieir ways, one to his farm,
another to his merchandise : and the remnant took his
servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.
But ivhen the king heard thereof, lie was wroth ; and he
sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and
burned up their city. Then saith he to his servants, The
wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not
tcorthy. Go ye into the high a- ays, and as many as ye
shall find, bid to the marriage. So those servants went
out into the highuays, and gatJiered together all as many
as they found, both, bad and good: and the wedding was
furnished with guests. And when the king came in to
see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a
wedding garment : and he saith unto him. Friend, hoiv
earnest thou in hither, not having a wedding garment ?
And he was speechless. And he said to the servants.
Bind Jiim hand and foot, and cast him into outer darkness ;
there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. For many
are called, but few chosen.

HOMILY LXX.

Page 940.
Malt. xxii. 15.

Tiien went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might
entangle Him in His talk.



HOMILY LXXL

Page 951.

Matt. xxii. 34—36.

Bui when the Pharisees had heard that He had jnit the
Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together; and one
of them, which was a lawyer, asked Him a question,
tempting Him, and saying, Master, which is the great
commandment in the Law?



CONTENTS. IX

HOMILY LXXII.

Page 961.

Matt, xxiii. 1 — 3.

Then spake Jesus to ihe muUiiudes and to His disciples,
saying, The Scribes and the Pharisees sit in 3Ioses' seat .
all therefore whatsoever they bid you do, that do ; but do
not after their works.



HOMILY LXXIIL

Page 971.

Matt, xxiii. 14.

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye
devour nidoics' houses, and for a pretence make long
prayers: therefore ye shall receive greater damnation.



HOMILY LXXIV.

Page 982.

Matt, xxiii. 29, 30.

Woe unto you, because ye build the tombs of the Prophets,
(rnd garnish their sepulchres, and say. If we had been in
the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers
icith them in the blood of the Prophets.



HOMILY LXXV.
Page 994.

Matl. xxiv. 1, 2.

And Jesus nent from ihe temple, and departed. And His
disciples came to Him to shew Him the buildings of the
temple. And He answered and said unto them, Sec ye not
all these things? Verily I say unto you, there shall not be
left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown
down.



X CONTENTS.

HOMILY LXXVI.
Page 1007.
Matt. xxiv. 16—18.

Then Jet them which be in Judcca Jiee into the mount ahu.
And let him that is on the housetop not come down to
take any thing out of his house. Neither let him which
is in hisjield return back to take his clothes.

HOMILY LXXVII.

Page 1020.

Matt. xxiv. 32, 33.

Now learn a parable of the Jig tree ; when his branch is yet
tender, and putt eth forth leaves, ye know that summer is
nigh : so likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things,
know that it is near, even at the doors.

HOMILY LXXVII] .

Page 1035.

Matt. XXV. 1—30.

Then shall the kingdom of Heaven, He saitb, be likened
unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth
to meet the Bridegroom. But five of them were wise,
and the o/ her five foolish , which took not, He saitb, oil.

Then, while the Bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered
and slept. And at midnight there ivas a cry made,
Behold,4he Bridegroom cometli ; go ye out to meet Him.
And the five arose, and being in perplexity, said to the
wise. Give us of your oil. Bui they consented not, saying,
Not so, lest there be not enough for us and you ; go to
them that sell, and buy.

And while they were gone for this, the Bridegroom, came,
and those went in ; but these came afterwards, saying,
Lord, Lord, open to us. But He answered and said. Verily
I say unto yon, I know you not. Watch therefore, for ye
know not the day, nor the hour.

Then He spake again another parable. A man tra-



CONTENTS. XI

veiling into afar country, called his. own servants^ and
delivered unto them his goods; to one Jive talents, to
another two, to another one, to every man according to
his several ability, and took his journey. Tlieu, when
the two had hrought him the double, he that had been
entrusted tenth the one talent brougJit it alone, and being
blamed saith, I knew that thou art a hard man, reaping
where thou hast not sown, and gathering wlcere tliou hast
not strawed ; and I was afraid, and hid thy talent ; lo I
there thou hast that is thine. His Lord answered and
said, Thou wicked servant, thou knewest that I reap
where I have not soicn, and gather where I have not
strawed : thou oughtest therefore to have put my money
to the exchangers, and then at my coming I might have
received mine own with usury. Take there/ore the
talent from him, and give it to him that hath ten talents.
For to him that hatlt shall be given, and lie shall have
more abundantly ; but from him that hath not, shall he
taken away even that which he hath. And cast ye the
unprofitable servant into outer darkness, there shall be
weeping and gnasliing of teeth.



HOMILY LXXIX.

Page 1046.

Matt. XXV. 31—41.

When the Son of Man shall come in the glory of His Father^
and all the holy Angels with Him, then shall He sit, saith
He, upoti the throne of His glory, and He shall divide the
sheep from the kids; and the one He will accept, because
they fed Him, tihen an hungred, and gave Him drink when
thirsty, and took Him in when a stranger., and clothed Him
when naked, and visited Hint tvhen sick, and came to see
Him when in prison : and He ivill give the kingdom to
them. But the others, accusing them for the opposite
things, He tcill send into the eternal fire, prepared for the
devil and his angels.



XII CONTKNTS.

HOMILY I.XXX.

Page 1058.

Matt. xxvi. 0, 7.

Now ir/iffi Jesus teas fit Belhdinj, in ihe house of Simon the
leper, there came unto Him a u-oinan liariiiy an alabaster
box of very precious ointment, and poured it on His Head,
as He sat at meat.



HOMILY LXXXL

Page 1069,

Matt. xxvi. 17, 18.

Noio the firs! day of the feast of unleavenedhread the disciples
came to Jesus, saying, Where wilt Thou that we prepare
for Tliee to eat the Passover? And He said, Go into the
city to such a man, and say nnto hint, The Master sailh.
My time is at hand ; J will keep the Passocer at thy house
with My disciples.



HOMILY LXXXIL

Page 1082.

Matt. xxvi. -20— -28.

And as they were eatiuy, Jesus took bread, and gave thanks,
and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said. Take,
eat; This is My Body.

And He took a cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them,
saying, Drink ye all of it; This is My Blood of the New
Testament, Which is shed for many, for the remission of
sins.



CONTENTS. Xm

,«•
HOMILY LXXXIIl.

Page 1095.

Matt. xxvi. 36—38.

Then cometii Jesus with fhetn mito a place called Ge'h-
seniane,ancl sailh unto the Disciples, Sit ye here, white I
go and pray yonder. And He took uith Him Peter and
the two sons of Zehedee, and began to Ije rery sorrowful
and very heary: and He saith unto them, My Soul is
exceeding sorrouful, even unto death ; tarry ye here, and
natch uith Me,



HOMILY LXXXIV.

Page 1105.

Matt. xxvi. 51—54.

And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched
forth his hand, and drem his sivord, and struck a servant
oy the high priesfs, and smote off his ear.

Then said Jesus unto him. Put up again thy sword unto his
place, for all they that take the sword, shall perish by the
sword. Thinkest thou that I cannot pray to My Father,
and He shall presently give me more than twelve legions
of angels? Hoiv then should the Scriptures he fuljilled
that thus it nrust be?



HOMILY LXXXV.

Page 1116.

Matt. xxvi. 67, 68.

Then did they spit in His Face, and buffeted Him, and others
smote Him with the palms of their hands, saying. Prophesy
unto us, Thou Christ, toko is he that smote Thee ?



XIV CONTKNTS.

HOMILY LXXXVI.

Page 1126.

Matt, xxvii. 11, \2.

And Jesus stood before the governor ; and the governor ashed
Him, saying. Art Thou the King of the Jews ? And Jesus said
loito him, Thou sayest. And when He was accused of the
chief priests and elders. He answered nothing.



HOMILY LXXXVIL

Page 1 136.

• Matt, xxvii. 27—29. '

Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common
hall, and gathered unto him the whole hand of soldiers ;
and they stripped Him, and put on Him a purple robe ; and
ivhen they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it on His
Head, and a reed i?i His Right Hand; and they bowed the
knee bejore Him, and mocked Him, saying, Hail, Iving of
the Jews !



HOMILY LXXXVIIT.
Page 1145.

Matt, xxvii. 4.5—48.

Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the earth
until the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried
with a loud voice, and said, Eli, Eli, lima sabachthani?
that is to say, My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken
Me ? Some of them that stood there, when they heard that,
said. This Man calleth for Elias. And straightway one of
them ran, and took a sponge, and jiilcd it with vinegar, aiid
put it on a reed, and gave Him to drink.



C0NTP:NTS. XV

HOMILY LXXXIX.
Page 1156.

Matt, xxvii. 6-2—64.

Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation,
the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He
zvas yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command
therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day,
lest His Disciples come and steal Him away, and say to the
people, He is risen from the dead : so the last error should
be worse than the first.



HOMILY XC.

Page 1167.

Malt, xxviii. 11 — 14.

Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came
into the city, and declared unto the chief priests all the
things that ivere done. And when they had assembled idth
the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money
unto the soldiers, saying, Say ye, His disciples came by
night, and stoh Him away lohile we slept, and if this come
to the governor'' s ears, toe ivill persuade him, and secure you.



Pn-



'' - ^:rQiy'\




\



HOMILY LIX.



Matt, xviii. 7.

Woe unto the ivorld because of offences : for it must needs he
that offences come : but woe to that man by whom the offence
Cometh.

" And if it must needs he that offences come" (some one
of our adversaries may perchance say,) why doth He lament
orer the world, when He ought rather to afford succoui", and
to stretch forth His hand in its behalf? For this were the
part of a " Physician, and a Protector, whereas the other
might be looked for even from any ordinary person."

What then could we possibly say, in answer to so shameless
a tongue ? nay what dost thou seek for equal to this healing
care of His ? For indeed being God He became Man for
thee, and took the form of a slave, and underwent all extre-
mities, and left undone none of those things which it con-
cerned Him to do. But inasmuch as unthankful men were
nothing the better for this, He laments over them, for that after
so much fostering care they continued in their unsoundness.

It was like as if over the sick man, that had had the ad-
vantage of much attendance, and who had not been willing
to obey the rules of the physician, any one were to lament
and say, " Woe to such a man from his infirmity, which he
has increased by his own remissness." But in that case indeed
there is no advantage from the bewailing, but here this too
is a kind of healing treatment to foretel what would be, and
to lament it. For many oftentimes, though, when advised,
they were nothing profited, yet, when mourned for, they
amended.

3f



802 Offences must come, hut may he overcome.

HoMiL. For which reason most of all lie used the word Woe,

T TY

I ' thoroughly to rouse them, and to make them in earnest, and
to work upon them to be wakeful. And at the same time
He shews forth the good will He had towards those very
men and His own mildness, that He mourns for them even
when gainsaying, not taking mere disgust at it, but correcting
them, both witli the mourning, and with the prediction, so as
to win them over.

But how is this possible ? he may say. For if it must
needs he thai offences come, how is it possible to escape
these .'' Because that the offences come indeed must needs
be, but that men should perish is not altogether of necessity.
Like as though a physician should say, (for nothing hinders
our using the same illustration again,) It must needs be that
this disease should come on, but it is not a necessary con-
sequence that he who gives heed should be of course de-
stroyed by the disease. And this He said, as I mentioned, to
awaken together with the others His disciples. For thai they
may not slumber, as sent unto peace and unto untroubled
life, He shews many wars close upon them, from without,
from within. Declaring this, Paul said. Without loere
1 2 CoT.jightifjys^ within were fears^ ; and. In perils among false
^ib. 11 hrethren^; and in his discourse to the Milesians too He said,
3^* Also of you shallsome arise speaking perverse things^; and He
20, 30. Himself too said, TJie man^s foes shall be they of his own
10 36 household*. But when He said. It must needs he, it is not as
taking away the power of choosing for themselves, nor the
freedom of the moral principle, nor as placing man's life
under any absolute constraint of circumstances, that He saith
these things, but He foretels what would surely be ; and
this Luke hath set forth in another form of expression. It is
« Luke impossible but thai offences should come^.
6 J^i'y. But what are the offences*? The hindrances on the right
Sa\a Yvay. Thus also do those on the stage call them that are
skilled in those matters, them that distort their bodies.

It is not then His prediction that brings the offences;
far fi'om it ; neither because He foretold it, therefore doth it
take place ; but because it surely was to be, therefore He
foretold it ; since if those who bring in the offences had not
been minded to do wickedly, neither would the offences have



Why they are not taken out of the loay. 803

come ; and if they had not been to come, neither would they Matt.
have been foretold. But because those men did evil, and 7
were incurably diseased, the offences came, and He foretels
that which is to be.

But if these men had been kept right, it may be said, and
there had been no one to bring in an offence, would not this
saying have been convicted of falsehood ? By no means, for
neither would it have been spoken. For if all were to have
been kept right, He would not have said, it must needs be
that they come, but because He foreknew they would be of
themselves incorrigible, therefore He said, the offences will
surely come.

And wherefore did He not take them out of the way ? it
may be said. Why, wherefore should they have been taken
out of the way ? For the sake of them that are hurt ? But
not thence is the ruin of them that are hurt, but from their
own remissness. And the virtuous prove it, who, so far from
being injured thereby, are even in the greatest degree profited,
such as was Job, such as was Joseph, such as were all the
righteous, and the Apostles. But if many perish, it is from
their own slumbering. But if it were not so, but the ruin
was the effect of the offences, all must have perished. And
if there are those who escape, let him who doth not escape
impute it to himself For the offences, as I have said,
awaken, and render moi-e quicksighted, and sharper, not



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