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Department of the said person or persons, and the disease they
are suffering from or afflicted with, and from and after such
examination o^ the premises and the person or persons, if he shall
deem the same necessary, he shall cause said person or persons to be
removed from said private residence, house or dwelling, to the hos-
pital provided by the city for the treatment of all such diseases, pro-
vided that the Health Commissioner shall permit one member of
the family of the sick person to accompany the sick person to the
hospital, there to remain as a nurse until such sick person is dis-
charged from the hospital.

Sec. 3. Whenever an}^ residence or portion of the city to the
extent of one residence, or one or more blocks or squares of ground
shall in the opinion of the Health Commissioner be infected, with
any malignant or infectious or contageous disease he shall have
the power, by and with the approval of the Board of Health, to
cause the said residence, block or blocks or squares of ground to
be vacated by the residents or inhabitants thereof, for the purpose
of disinfecting and fumigating the same, or if this is not deemed
expedient or judicious by the Health Commissioner he shall have
the power and authority to close up the street or streets in front of
and surrounding the said residence, block or blocks or squares of
ground, and to prohibit the residents and inhabitants of the said



Governing the Health Department. 21

residence, block or blocks or squares of ground from passing in
or out, to or from said premises, except under such rules and regu- \
lations as may be prescribed by the Health Commissioner and ap-
proved by the Board of Health, and to continue and remain so
until the Health Commissioner or the Board of Health shall order
the restrictions removed.

Sec. 4. The keepers of all hotels and boarding-houses, and
the agents and owners of all tenement-houses, or private resi-
dences or dwelling-houses, having any person or persons in their
hotels, boarding-houses, tenement-houses, or private residence or
dwelling-houses suffering from or afflicted with any malignant,
infectious or contagious disease, after they shall have become
acquainted with the fact, or are apprised of the same, shall imme-
diately notify the Health Commissioner at his office, in the City
Hall, stating the name of the person or persons so afflicted, their
age and residence or location, and such other facts or information
as they may be in possession of. Any such keeper, owner or
clerk of any hotel or boarding-house, or any such agent or owner
of any tenement-house, private residence or dwelling-house, fail-
ing to notify the Health Commissioner of any person or persons
being afflicted with any malignant, contagious or infectious dis-
ease, after having become aware, apprised or informed of the
same, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con-
viction thereof, before either of the Police Justices of the City of
St. Louis, shall be fined in a sum not less than twenty nor more
than one hundred dollars, to be collected and paid as other fines
for misdemeanors now provided for by law.

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the Police Department of the
City of St. Louis to notify the Health Commissioner of the exist-
ence of any malignant, infectious or contagious disease, whenever
or wherever they, in their judgment, consider or believe the same
to exist, and also to assist the Health Commissioner or his officers
or employes, whenever called upon to do so, while in the dis-
charge of their duties by virtue of the provisions of this ordinance.
Sec. 6. Any person or persons violating any of the provisions
of this ordinance, or interfering with, or hindering, or obstructing
the Health Commissioner or his officers or employes, in the exer-
cise of their authority or duties as provided by this ordinance, shall
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof
before either of the Police Justices of the City of St. Louis, shall
be fined in a sum not less than twenty nor more than one hun-
dred dollars, to be collected and paid as other fines for misde-
meanors are now provided for by law.
Approved March 3, 1879.



22 Laws and Ordinances

[10,H15.]

AN ORDIiVACE in relation to the Health Department in rela-
tion to physicians practicing in the City of St. Louis giving notice
of contagious diseases.

Be it ordained by the Municipal Assembly of the City of St,
Louis, as follows :

Section 1. It shall be the duty of each and every practicing
physician of the City of St. Louis : First, To report to. the Health
Commissioner, or nearest police station, every case of small-pox
or contagious disease he may be called on to attend within limits
of the city or within ten miles thereof, within twelve hours after
he shall have examined the patient, with the number of the house,
the name of the occupant and the street. Second, Whenever re-
quired by the Health Commissioner to report to him at such
times and in such forms as he may prescribe the number of per-
sons attacked with any pestilential, contagious or infectious
disease, attended by such physicians, within twelve hours next
preceding, and the number of persons attended by such physician
who shall have died within twelve hours next preceding such re-
port of any pestilential, contagious or infectious disease.

Sec. 2. Whenever any physician shall report to the Health
Commissioner any case of small-pox or contagious disease in any
dwelling or building in the City of St. Louis, the Health Com-
missioner shall have the power, whenever in his opinion it is
necessary, to cause to be placed on the outside of any building or
dwelling or door of any room a printed placard giving notice of
the existence of such contagious disease. Any person who shall
remove such placard placed by order of the Health Commission-
er shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction
be fined not less than five nor more than' twenty-five dollars.

Sec. 3. Any practicing physician who shall neglect or refuse
to perform the duties required of him by this ordinance shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be
fined not less than ten nor more than fifty dollars.

Sec. 4. The parents or guardians *of children attending any
private or public school who shall permit them to attend school
after it becomes known to the said parents or guardians that any
of their family are infected with any infectious or contagious
disease shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con-
viction thereof shall be fined in a sum of not less than three nor
more than ten dollars.

Sec. 5. Any principal or teacher of any private or public
school in the City of St. Louis, having official or authentic infor-
mation of the existence of any infectious or contagious disease in



Governing the Health Department. 23

the family of any pupil attending said school shall immediately
cause the removal of said pupil from said school, and until he (or
she) shall have undoubted proof of the premises where the family
reside being disinfected and the disease eradicated. Any failure
on the part of any principal or teacher complying with the pro-
visions of this ordinance shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof be fined in a sum not less than three
nor more than ten dollars.

Approved February 19, 187^.

[10,321.]

AN ORDINANCE in relation to the sale of poisons and to
repeal article three, chapter twelve, of the Revised Ordinances of
the City of St. Louis, approved March thirty-first, eighteen hun-
dred and seventy-one, and also to repeal ordinance numbered
eight thousand and seventy-seven, entitled ** an ordinance in rela-
tion to the sale of poisons," approved July eleventh, eighteen
hundred and seventy-two.

Be it ordained hy the Municipal Assembly of the City of St.
Louis, as follows :

Section 1. It shall not be lawful for any person to sell any
drugs, medicines, chemicals or any other article which may prove
fatal or injurious when taken internally or used externally by
any person if taken in such quantities that it is possible for any
person to take such medicine, drug or other article by mistake
without discovering such rnistake unless the same shall be plainly
labeled *' poison," and with the name of the article in addition to
the word " poison," such label shall contain a skull and cross-
bones, so as to indicate to any person handling such article that it
is poisonous, and in no case shall any poisonous article be sold to
a minor or other irresponsible person.

Sec. 2. No person shall be permitted to sell any drug, medi-
cine or other article which is known by the medical profession to
produce abortions or that may have a tendency to destroy the
human foetus.

Sec. 3. The befor^ named sections shall not apply to pre-
scriptions of graduates of any medical school that have registered
at the office of the Board of Health ; a list of the names of the
resident physicians of the city shall be furnished any druggist or
apothecary within the city limits, on application to the Board of
Health.

Sec. 4. No apothecary, druggist or other person within this
city shall sell or permit to be sold at retail or wholesale, except
to dealers in such articles, any poisonous drug or substance.



24 Laws and Ordinances



i



except the same shall have been prescribed or ordered by a phy-
sician for the use of the sick, or the person desiring to obtain the
same shall have first been furnished with a written permit from
the Board of Health.

Sec. 5. It shall. be the duty of every physician within the
city, prescribing or ordering for external use any poisonous drug
or substance, to state in his prescriptions or orders in plain writ-
ing '' for e?:ternal use," and no apothecary or druggist shall de-
liver any article thus ordered without the same being properly
labeled with the words *' for external use."

Sec. 6. Any apothecary, druggist or other person violating
the provisions of this ordinance shall be deemed guilty of a mis-
demeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not
less than fifty nor more than $300 for each and every off'ense, to
be recovered for the use of the city of St. Louis before any court
or oflicer having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 7. Article 3, chapter 13, of the Revised Ordinances of
the City of St. Louis, approved March thirty-first, eighteen hun-
dred and seventy-one, and ordinance numbered eight thousand
and seventy-seven, entitled "An ordinance in relation to the sale,
of poisons," approved July eleventh, eighteen hundred and
seventy-two are hereby repealed.

Approved July 7, 1877.

[10,326.]

AN ORDINANCE in relation to vital statistics, and to repeal
article 4, chapter 12, of the Revised Ordinances of the City of St.
Louis, approved March 31, 1871.

Be it ordained by the Municipal Assembly of the City of St, Louis,
as follows:

Section 1. The Health Commissioner shall provide for the
registration of all births, deaths and marriages occurring within
the city of St. Louis, and for that purpose it shall be the duty of
every physician and midwife to report weekly to the Health Com-
missioner, at or before the hour of four o'clock in the afternoon
of Saturday of each and every week, in accordance with printed
forms to be furnished by said Health Commissioner, a statement
of the sex and date of birth of every child born in this city where
they have attended the birth of such child ; and in case no physi-
cian or midwife attended the birth of any child born in this city,
then, and in that case, it is hereby made the duty of the father or
mother to make such report to the Health Commissioner.

Sec. 2. All persons authorized by law to solemnize marriages
shall report every marriage solemnized by them within the limits



Governing the Health Dejpartrnent. 25

of the City of St. Louis to the Health Commissioner, within ten
days from the time said marriage has been solemnized.

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of every physician and person
engaged in the practice of medicine in the City of St. Louis to
report to the Health Commissioner the death of any person under
their care or treatment, when the person died, and with such par-
ticulars as the Health Commissioner may prescribe ; and it shall
also be the duty of the Coroner of the City of St. Louis to make
a weekly report to the Health Commissioner of all inquests and
all deaths within the City of St. Louis, coming within his official
knowledge.

Sec. 4. Every person whose duty it is to make any of the
reports prescribed by this ordinance shall make the same within
the time as prescribed, and any person who shall fliil to make such
report, or to comply with any of the provisions of this ordinance,
shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction
thereof shall be fined not less than ten nor more than one hun-
dred dollars, to be recovered as in other cases of misdemeanor
before any court having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 5. The Health Commissioner shall weekly transmit to the
Kecorder of Deeds of the City of St. Louis a transcript copy of
all births and marriages on file in his office, having occurred during
the week last past, and the same shall be recorded in the office of
the Recorder of Deeds at the expense of the City of St. Louis,
and it shall be the duty of the Recorder of Deeds to compare the
same with the reports as provided by the act of the Legislature
relating thereto.

Sbc. 6. Article four, chapter twelve of the Revised Ordinances
of the City of St. Louis, approved March 31, 1871, is hereby re-
pealed.

Approved July 9, 1877.

[10,S29.]

AN ORDINANCE to provide for the keeping of mprtuary
records, establishing rules and regulations governing Sextons and
Cemeteries, and to carry out the provisions of sections 10, 11, 12
and 13 of article 12 of the Charter of St. Louis, relating to the
Health Department, and to repeal article 7, chapter 12 of the
Revised Ordinances of the City of St. Louis. Approved March
31, 1871.

Be it ordained by the Municipal Assembly oj the City of 8t. Louis,
as follows :

Section 1. Every physician who may practice medicine in
the City of St. Louis shall, when a patient dies under his care,



26 Laws and Ordinances

make two certificates, stating the name, age, sex, color and
place of birth, and exact locality and date of death, together
with the name of the disease of which said person died, one of
which he shall, without delay, deposit in the office of the Health
Commissioner, who shall register and file the same in his office,
and the other he shall give to the undertaker of the funeral, to be
delivered by him to the person who has control of the graveyard
in which the body is buried. And it shall not be lawful for any
person who may have charge or control of any graveyard or
cemetery in the City of St. Louis, to receive said certificates or
allow any person to be buried in any graveyard or cemetery under
their control unless said certificates have first been countersigned
by the Health Commissioner or his clerk. Aud if any physician
or undertaker refuse or omit to do as aforesaid, he shall forfeit
and pay five dollars to the use of the City of St. Louis, to be
recovered as provided for in section 3 of this ordinance.

Sec. 2. All overseers, sextons or other persons who may
have control over public graveyards in the City of St. Louis, shall
make a weekly report to the Health Commissioner of all inter-
ments during the week in the graveyard whereof they are such
overseer or sexton, respectively. Said report shall specify the
names and ages of the persons interred, sex, color and place of
birth, and exact lacality and date of death, and also the diseases
of which said persons died, and the name and residence of phy-
sician who signed the' certificate.

Sec. 3. If any overseer, sexton, or other person having con-
trol of a graveyard, shall permit any person to be interred in said
graveyard without a certificate, stating the name, age, sex, color,
place of birth, place and date of death, together with the disease
of which said person died, signed by the physician who attended
such person and countersigned by the Health Commissioner or his
clerk, he shall forfeit and pay a sum not less than five no more
than twenty dollars, to be recorered as in other cases of misde-
meanor before any court or officer having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 4. If any overseer, sexton, or other person, charged
with the performance of such duty, fail or neglect to make to the
Health Commissioner such report of weekly interments, he shall
forfeit and pay not less than twenty dollars for every such failure,
to be recovered in like manner as provided in the last preceding
section.

Sec. 5. The sextons of the several cemeteries shall deliver to
the Health Commissioner at his office, their weekly reports as
provided for in section 2 of this ordinance, at or before the hour
of 4 o'clock in the afternoon of Saturday of each and every week,
and any sexton failing or refusing so to do shall forfeit and pay a



Governing the Health Dejpartment. 27

fine ot ten dollars for each such failure or refusal, to be recovered
as provided for in section 3 of this ordinance.

Sec. 6. The Health Commissioner shall furnish each overseer
or sexton of any graveyard with a blank book, with appropriate
columns to enter the facts and records required by this ordinance
to be recorded ; and such overseer or sexton shall enter in such
books all the certificates received from any undertaker or physi-
cian ; such books shall be, and always remain, the property of the
city of St. Louis.

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of all overseers, sextons, or
other persons who may have control over the public graveyards
of the City of St. Louis, to include in their weekly report to the
Health Commissioner, as provided for in section two of this ordi-
nance, the name and place of residence of each physician from
whom has been received a cer4;ificate on which any person has
been interred in the graveyards under their charge, and the num-
ber of certificates given by each and every physician, and for
whom given, and any overseer, sexton or other person having
charge of a public graveyard, failing or refusing to comply with
the provisions of this section, shall forfeit and pay a fine of ten
dollars for every such failure or refusal, to be recovered as pro-
vided for in section three of this ordinance.

Sec. 8. The Health Commissioner shall cause to be printed a
sufficient number of blank certificates, setting forth in suitable
columns the facts required, as prescribed in section one of this
ordinance, which certificates shall be kept in the office of Health
Commissioner, and shall be delivered to registered physicians in
person only, and said physicians' names shall be inscribed on the
back of each certificate so delivered, and it shall not be lawful
for any physician to issue or use any other form of certificate for
interment except such form as shall be prescribed and issued by
the Health Commissioner.

Sec. 9. When the removal of any dead person beyond the
city limits is desired, a permit therefor shall first be obtained from
the Health Commissioner, who shall issue said permit upon the
certificate of the physician under whose care the person died.

Sec. 10. Article 7, chapter 12, of the Revised Ordinances of
the City of St. Louis, approved March 31, 1871, is hereby re-
pealed.

Approved July 17, 1877.

[10,386.]

AN ORDINANCE in relation to the Health Department, and to
regulate the practice of medicine and surgery and midwifery in the
City of St. Louis, and to regulate the issue of burial certificates.



28 Laws and Or^dinances

Be it ordained by the Municipal Assembly of the City of St. Louis,

as follows :

Section 1. It shall hereafter be unlawful for any person to
practice medicine or surgery in the City of St. Louis who shall not
first have received the degree of doctor of medicine from some
medical college or university duly established under and by virtue
of the laws of the state or country in which the same is situated ;
Provided, however, that this section shall not apply to any person
who may now be authorized to practice medicine or surgery by
virtue of existing laws of the state in relation thereto.

Sec. 2. Every person who shall hereafter engage in the practice
of medicine or surgery in the City of St. Louis, shall before en-
tering upon such practice file a copy of his or her diploma in the
oflSce of the Health Commissioner, which shall be subscribed and
sworn to by the person filing the sa;me, and thereupon, the Health
Commissioner, or his clerk, shall enter the name of such person,
the date of filing the said copy, the date of his or her diploma and
the name and location of the school or university granting such
diploma, in a book to be kept by the Health Commissioner for
that purpose, and shall require the person filing such copy to sub-
scribe his or her name in said book.

Sec. 3. Ever}^ person now practicing medicine or surgery in
this city, or who shall commence the practice of medicine or
surgery in this city before the passage of this ordinance, shall
register his or her name in the book described in the preceding
section in the office of the Health Commissioner, and shall exhibit
his or her diploma to the Health Commissioner for inspection at
the time of such registration, but shall not be required to file any
copy of the same, and thereupon the Health Commissioner shall
enter in said book all the facts as required in the preceding sec-
tion.

Sec. 4. Whenever the Health Commissioner has reason to be-
lieve that the diploma shown, or claimed to be in the possession of
the person presenting the same, or the copy thereof has been pur-
chased, or has not been issued to the person presenting the same,
or that the medical school or university purporting to have issued
the same, is not a medical school or university in good standing, he
shall refuse to allow the person presenting the diploma or the
copy thereof to register, but shall forthwith refer the matter with
all the facts in the case, to the Board of Health, who, after a
hearing, shall decide whether said person shall be allowed to
register, and if the Board of Health shall so decide, it shall
direct the Health Commissioner to allow said person to register,
but if in the opinion of the Board of Health said person should
not 1)0 allowed to register, the Health Commissioner shall not
permit said person to register.



Governing the Health Department. 29

Sec. 5. Every person who shall practice or attetapt to prac-
tice medicine or surgery in this city without first having complied
with the provisions of this ordinance shall be deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than
twenty-five dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

Sec. 6. It shall not be lawful for the Health Commissioner or
his clerk to sign any burial certificate signed by any other than a
registered physician.

Sec. 7. If any overseer, sexton or other person having control
of a graveyard, shall permit any person to be interred in said
graveyard without a certificate signed by a registered physician
and countersigned by the Health Commissioner, or his clerk, he
shall be deemed guilty of misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall
be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than five hun-
dred dollars, to be recovered as in other cases of misdemeanor,
before any court or oflicer having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 8. Hereafter it shall not be lawful for any person to
practice midwifery, unless such person shall first register her
name and place of abode, in a book in the office of the
Health Commissioner, kept for that purpose, but no person
shall be allowed to register as a midwife, who .shall not first
either file a diploma from some school of midwifery in good
standing, or a certificate signed by at least two registered phy-
sicians, which certificate shall state that the party named in
the certificate, is in their opinion qualified to practice midwifery,
and any person who shall practice or attempt to practice mid-
wifery without first having complied with the provisions of this
ordinance shall be deemed guilty of misdemeanor, and upon con-
viction shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more
than fifty dollars.

Sec. 9. Nothing in this ordinance shall be so construed as
to permit any druggist to engage in the practice of medicine or
surgery, without having first filed with the Health Commissioner a
diploma, or a certified copy thereof, in accordance with the pro-


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Online LibrarySaint Louis (Mo.)Laws and ordinances for the government of the Health Department of the city of St. Louis, 1879 .. → online text (page 3 of 8)