Salem Town.

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140 ANALYSIS OP THB

Allude, to refer to. Col,iude, to conspire in a firaud.
Dejude, to.deGeive. E4ude» to evade. Il,1ude, to mock

col-de-e-il-Al,lude-ed-ing. col-de'-e-il-Al,lus-ion-ive.
Ex,tend, to stretch in any direction ; to expand ; to spread

Ex,tend-ed-ing. Ex,tensive-sivelyHsiveness-tion.

Dis,tend, to dilate, or spread. Dis,tend-ed-ing.

Atjtend, to direct the mind to. At,tend-ed-ant-aiice.

Con, tend, to strive against. Con,tend-ed-er-ing.
De,fer, to put off; to yield in opinion. Feroy to bear.

De,fer-red-rer-ring-ence.* See Rule 6th.
K^/er, to appeal to. Re,fer-red-ring-able-ence.

In,fer, to draw from. Con,fer, to consult.

con-in- Re,fer-red-ring-ence. t/nrgjed. misin^.
Dif,fer, to disagree, Dif,fer-ed-ing-ent-ence-ential.

Ofjfer, to bring before. Of,fer-ed-ing. nnof^ed.

Profjfer, to offer for acceptance. Prof,fer-ed-ing.

Suf,fer, to undergo, aS pain. Suf,fer-ed-er-ance-aUe.
Pre,fer, to regard Jirsf, as more worthy, or better.

. Pre,fer-red-ring-ence-ment-able-ably.
Ap,prehend, to take, or seize ; to understand ; to fear.

Ap,prehen-Ded-sive-siyely-siveness-sion-sible.
Com,prehend» to contain ; to include ; to understand.

Coq[i,prehen-Ded-siv^-sively-sivehess-sion-sible.
Ex,tenninate, to put an end to ; to destroy.

Ex,terminate-ed-ing-ion-or-ory. wn^ed.
P<mder, to muse, or weigh in the mind. Pondu§. [weigh.

Ponderous, weighty;; heavy. Pre,ponderate, to out

Ponder-ed-er-ing-ous-ously-ance. />rc^ated*ating-ance.
Solid, h!urd; firm; sound. Con,solidate, to make solid.

Splid-nessrity^ify. c^m^ate-ated-ation. uncon^ed.
* Wlien the place of accent ehangeii the consonant ii not doubled.



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BNOLI8H LANQUAOB* 149

Ap,preciate, to set value on. De,preciate, to lessen value

de-Ap,preciate-ed-ing-ion. unap^ed, unde^ed,
Anti,c^ipate, to take before ; to forestall. Capio, toMke.
Parti,c^ipate, to share in common with others.
parti-Anti,c'ipate-ed-ing-ion. unanti^ed, unparti^ng,
^ Apo,gee, that point of a planet's orbit farthest from the
earth. Peri,gee, that point nearest the earth.
De,p^recate, to regret ; to pray against. Precox, to pray.
I{n,pi:ecate, to pray for evil on ; to invoke evil.
im-De,p^recate-ed-ing-ion. dejyX'Oxj. undejed,
De,mise, to convey by lease, or will. MittOf to send.

Re,mise, to give back by deed; to release. rec?«^,-ed.
De,6^iiltory, leaping, or passing from topic to topic.
Re,sult, to leap back ; to ensue. SaliOy to leap.
Re,sult-ed-ing. De,s^ultory-ly-ness-ous.
EjVince, to prove in a clear manner ; to make evident. *
Con,vince, to satisfy the mind by evidence.
Con,vict, to prove guilty. Viwco, to overcome.
con-E,vince-ed-ible. Con,vict-ed-ing-ion. unconjdd,
Epijdemic, a general disease on the people, epijd.

En,demic, a disease in certain places, enjd,
Ex,ecrate, to curse, or to denounce evil against. '
De,s^ecrate, to divert from a sacred purpose.
Con,secrate, to devote to a sacred purpose. Sacer, holy.
de,s^-con,s -Ex,ecrate-ed-ing-ion. unconj^d..
PrOjlific, producing; productive. Onmi,ric, producing all
Pro,lific-al-ally-ation-ness. vnpro^, [things.

Re,p'rehend, to chide ; to reprove, or blame.

Re,p'rehend-ed. Re,p'rehen-sive-sion. trrc^siblo.
Suc,cinct, brief; compressed. Cingo, to gird.

Pre,cinct, the limit, or bounds. Suc,cinct-ly-n688.
13»



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1^ AjNALYSIS or THE

AcyCMse, to Uame, or to charge with an offense.

Ac,cu8e-ed-er-ing-ation-atory. unacjed,

Ex,cuse, to free from blame. Ex,cuse-ed-ing-able.
A,vail, to effect the object. Valeo, to be strong.

A,vail-ed-ing-able-ably-ability. una^ing,

Pre,vail^ to overcome. Pre,vail-ed-ing-ingly, unprejng
ASjSent, to agree to ; consent. Sentio, to think.

Dia,sent, to disagree in opinion ; difference of opinion

ASjSent^^ed-ing. Dis,sent-ed-ing-er.
At,test, tp bear witness to. Testis, a witness.

At,test-ed-ing-or-ation. unat^^ed.

Conjtest, to strive with. Con,test-ed-ing-able.
Com,plex, difficult ; composed of two or more parts.

Con>,plex-ity-ly-ness. iticom^,* Plexus, twisted. /

Per,plex, to puzzle ; to confuse. Per,plex-ed-ing-ity.
Com',plete, to finish, or finished. Pleo, to fill.

Re,plete, full, or filled. Re,plete-ion-ive.

De,pkrte, to empty. De,plete%d-ing-ion-ory.
De,flect, to turn from a right line. Flecto, to bend.

De,flecf-6d-ing-ion. Re,flect-ed-ion-ive-ively.

In, fleet, to bend in. In,flect-ed-ion-ive.
Ac,quire,' to obtain, or to gain. Quaro, to seek.

Ac,quire-ed-ing-ment. unacted, Ac,quisition.

Re,quire, to ask for ; to exact. Re,quire-ed-ment.

In,quire, to ask about, In,quire-ed-ing-ingly.
In^fuse, to pour in; to instill, as principles.

In,ftise-ed-ing-ion-ible-ibility. rein^, unin^ed,

Con,fuse, to mix* or blend things. Con,fuse-ed-ion.

PrOjfuse, lavish. Pro,fuse-ly-ness-ion.

Dif,fuse, to pour out and spread. Dif,fuse-ion-ive.
. Afjmionf a pouring on. Ef,fusion, a pouring out



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> Oniitho,Fogy-ist-ical.



AJrOLlSH L^NOUAeS, 141.

Asttoji^ogy, the science which teaches to judge of the in-
fluence of the stars, and foretell future events. Logos ^
a word or discourse ; and aster, a star, or astroriy a con-
stellation of stars. Hence*, th^ coAmon deiiner is, Th^
science of, or the discoursing of; which must be joined
' to the import of each prefix, as before instructed.
chrono-cosmo-geo-Astro,rogy-ist-ical.
zoo-entomo-mytho-pyro-hydro-
osteo-physio-chiro-theo-

Bio,g'raphy, the history of the life and character of any
particular person. Grapho, to write ; to describe, or to
engrave ; \and bio, for bios, life. Hence, the cominon
definer is, Tfte writing of or describing,
biblio-chrono-cosmo-geo-
hydro-choro-topo-zoo-

Chrono,m^eter, an instrument that measures time, as a clock
or watch, ilfe.'rw?/?, a measure ; and c^ono, time. Hence,
the common definer is. Ah instrument for measuring,
hydro-helio-p}TO-stereo-thermo-Chrono,m^eter.

Homi^,cide, the slaying or killing of one man by another.
C^Bdo, to slay, or kill ; and hwno, a man. Hence, each
prefix denotes what is slain,
dei-fratri-infantl-matri •parri-



> Bio,g^raphy-er-ic-ical.



. , i Homijcide.

sorori-sui-tyranni-regi-t

Steno,g'raphy,. the art of writing in short-hand, by the use

of characters, &c.

chiro-ortho-typo-Steno,g'raphy-eV-ic.

♦ The pwpil slrould learn the meaniDg of the roots, IjogOB, Orapho^
Metrum, and Csedo.

f Dd, implies a god; Fratri, a brother; Infanti, an infant; Matri, a
mother; Pan:i, a parent; Sorori, a aister; Sal, onfijft aelf; Tywm», a
tgrnmt; Acgi, a Idns^



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159 4NALTSIS OF CHSMICAX. TERMS.

SECTION XLI.

CHEMICAL IMPORT OF CERTAIN SUFFIXES AND PREFIXES.
ozTGEX — ^is a permanently elastic? invisible fluid, capable of producing

additj, or sourness, such as in vinegar.
BASE — ^in chemistry, denotes any substance with which oxygen com-
bines to form aii acid ; or with which an acid combines to form a
salt.
oxTD-^is a compound of oxygen with some base destitute of acid.
ALKAU — ^is a substance having an acrid taste ; as^ soda and potasli. n
A SALT^s an earth, alkali, or metallic oxyd, combined witli an acid.
10— suffixed to the name of an acid, denotes it to contain a greater por-
tion of oxygen, than when it is suffixed by aus; as^ nitrto acid, or
nitrcm^ ; sulphurif, or sulphur©?** '

HTPO— denotes an acid containing a definite portion of oxygen helow

what ic or ous denotes ; as, 7*yjposulphur«V, or hi/posnlphuroug.
nx and ate— denote whether it is an acid in ic ovoiiSy which forms tho
salt If the salt is nitrz^e, the acid is nitno; but if tlie salt is
nitra^^, the acid is nitroi^s.
BET— denotes a compound of which only one of the two ingredients is
capable of being made acid, but was 'not so made when com-
poimded with the other ; as, carburet of iron.
iBTTED— denotes a compound, both of whose ingredients are capable oif
being made acid, but were not so made when compounded ; as^
carbiiretted hydrogen gas.
SUB — as a prefix, denotes less of the aci<^ or an excess of the base over

tl^e acid ; as^ subcarhonate of soda •

scnai— denotes an excess of the acid, over the base ; as, 9t(ptfrcai*bona/«

of soda.
Bi-~denote8 two parts of acid to one part of the base; as, bh^rhonatt
of soda, hyper and super, denote an excess of the oxygen over
the base with which it is united ; as, Jiyperoxyd, or superoxyd.
FBb— denotes one portion ; deu, ttco portions ; tri, three poi*tions ; ^d
per, four portions of oxygen combined witli some base, destitute of
aeid ; aa^ protozyd, deutoxyd, tritoxyd, and peroxjd of mftnganeao.



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APPENDIX.



No. L

GENERAL AND SPECIAL RULES FOR PRONOUNCING THE
^ ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

tHie fonowinn^ Rules are deduced from the composition of tho words tfaentfolref^
rad in most .cases, fhmish an iNrALLiBLC guide, by which to determine on What
syllable the main accent should fall This point being settled, the places of the semi-
accents can not be mistaken.

'the pnpU must remember, that pentUt means the last syllable but on» in a word;
and antepenult- thejast but ttoo.

It i^believed, that a careful observance of these rules, will not only contribute' to
tmifurmity in pronunciation, but aid in settling ttxe disputed accent of many words.

L General Rule. "Words of two syllables, tlie first of which is a
Beporable, or inseparable prefix,* commonly take the accent on the
second ; aa, de-base^ pro-claim' ; but if the first syllable partakes* of
the root, the accent generally falls on the first ; as ur'-gent, tal'-ent

MQTS.-^This rule has an extensive application, and the main exceptions are
fbnnd in those wprds which may be used either as nonTis or verbs. When used as
nouns, the accent; in most cases, rests on tho first syllable ; as, an ex'>tract, his
con'«duct ; but when used a4 verbs, the accent commonly falls on the second ; as,
to ex.*ract', to con-duct<.

Rule 1st All words of one syllable, becoming words of two sylla-
bles, by adding the following single suffixes, as seen italicised in the
examples, invariably retain the accent on tlie first syllable, viz. :



tai'-ist


fear'.>/


yist'-ice


8erv'-fln<


hoj'-liood
•lear'-anctf


form'-aZ
iooV-ish


leam'-ei
mas^iv«


solv'fn*
tru'-MW


dass'-i^;
dttke'-eiom -


fraU'-^y
farm'-tfr


peer'-rtgr«
pomp'-otM


town'-Mtp
tire'-«of7t«


dmnk'-arrf


fixaf'ion


pave'-mtfn<


%Q9m'-9t«r


dark'-m
beast'-ty


good'-n«8»
hope'-ZeM


pre8s'-«r«
penn'-oto


9



* For the definitions of a M!para&2«, and instparable prefix, and the root of a won^
i the 7tfa and Otfa pafss.



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154



APPSNDIt.



Rule 2d. All words of one syllable, becoming words of tkreg or
fottr syllables, by the addition of the following combined Btifl5xeB^ as
italicised, always retain the primary accent on the^rs^ syllable, \iz,z

ftct'-tWy {aiihf-fulnett just'-z/y di&me' -leasneu

act'-iMi^tf (siiB'-iJiable learn'-^y sha^-eefot«M

Bct'-iveness forwaf-ingly loYe'-liness scar'-i/yin^

hnsV-alize flk'-ednesi lo&tti^-someneaa ewett'-ening

care^'leasly fanW-ilil lone'-somely^ BenB^-ittvely

{Aoyni'4thly fat'-aliam 'laxf-€Uive Bejof-ativenem

^MiA'-ishnest iorm'-<dist • pay'-a6/d Bsas^'ibly

eharm^'ingniu fruit'-ery 'peaoe'-ably tend'-ency

cioBa'^ally hardi'-ened -pomp'-ouily Y&vV-ally

change^-ablenesa }oy'-fully •pova^'-ouanese dust'-tnew

Rule 8d. All words of three or more syllables, ending in ability^
iHlityy icatf ityy or ety^ have the primary accent, invariably on Hie
antepenult ; as, sens-i-bil'-i-ty, e-co-nom'-ic-al, cu-ri-os'-i-ty.

. Note. — When two vowels come together in worda ending in tiy, the one under
accent is always long ; as in Dg'-i-t3r! If one consonant intervene, all are short exeept
« ; its in lev'-i-ty. If two consonants intervene, u ia short ; aa in eurvM-ty.

^ Rule 4ih. AH that numerous class of words conasting of no more
than three syllables, the last letter of which is y, not preceded by a
vowel» as in attorney ^ nor mute c before fy, as in profusely ^ are very
tmiformly accented on the first syllable ; as, fel'-o-ny, ar'-te-ry.

Rijile 6th. All words ending in tion^ sion^ ion^ dons, tio^ cicOe,
tiate, cienty tienty tialy tia, cian, eialy cioy eeotts, geouSy gious, and geon,
when pronounced in one syllable, invariably take the />n77Uiryyaecent
on the syllable preceding those terminations; as, con-fed-er-a'-tion.
Kot^g but ity after a/, in words ending in ton, ever removes the
aoo^it ; as, na'-tion, na^tion-al, na-tion-al'-i-ty.

Note. — When the above terminations are preceded by a vowel, it is very mii-
ftnuhf long ; as in lo-quft'-cious, unless it be i, which is as tmiformly short; «■ in
«m4>i'-tioa ^

Rule ftth.— All words of three or more syllables^ having the following
terminations, or roots, via. : craey, gamy, graphy, logy, machy, mitry,
nomy, phony, pathy, tomy, thropy, lysis, fermts, gerous, voraus, alwajt
take the accent on the antepenult ; us, ^



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APPENDIX. 195

w-'hht'Cfmy ge-o^-ra-jp% the-oZ'-o^ ap-mJ^-er-oM

an-tip'-«-<Ay de-moc'-ro-cy po-ly/-a-my pes-ti/'-^r-oii*

aa-tron'-o-wy ge-om'-e-<ry phi4an'-<Ar<^py car-nit;'-or-<M»

a-iia/'-y-«t« tlie-om'-*f-cAy siym'-pho-ny

Note. — No change in the above terminations, as astronomy into astronomer,
4u:., nor any addition of prefixes or suffixes, except ctan, ial^ and ic, ever changes
the place of accent

Rule VUl All words ending in ies, politics excepted, are accented
on the penult ; as, op'ties, me-chanMcs.

Rule 8th. Words ending in ic, when a mffiXj and with few exoep-
tions when other^vt^ise, are accented on the penult; as, dra-maf^ic,
al-pha-bet'-ic;

MoTX. — The suffix ic, when added to words of more than one synablor ahwajB
dianges the place of accent ; as in meth'-od, me-thod'-ic ; except in aim CBMe»\ •• in
choV-er4c.

Rule 9th. All words of two syllables, ending in le, including no
other Yowel in the Sf6ne syllable, are always accented on the first ; as^
eir'-de ; but if the word consist of more than two syllable^ the acc^t^
with few exceptions, falls on the antepenult ; as, re-cep^-ta*clei

NoTX. — ^The suffixes, able and i&Ie, never &11 under this rule, except tlM tmrd
a'4>le. Words of two syllables frequently add r, as in coiy-bler ; but never chang<i
the accent

Rule 10th. Words of three or more syllables, ending in ate, "W^th a
tingle consonant between the vowel of tb^ penult syllable and ai«f
including cr and tr, or' with no consonant intervei^ng, take the accent
on the antepenult; as, fab'-ri-cate, r^-tal'-i-ate, con'-se-<;rate ; but li
two consonants, other than cr and tr intervene, the accent is on the
penult; '.is^ in-car'-nate.

NoTK. — Tl^e exceptions are, mag'-is-trate, leg'-is-late, po'-tlnt-ate, pei'-e-grin-^te,
and a few words always known by the doubling of 2.

RsMABK. — ^This is evidence that contemplate, compensate, and such Words of dis*
puted accent, sfunUd come under the rule of double consonants. Words in au often
drop e, and take ion, adding a syOable, and ' clianging the accent, as, eno'-u-late,
•nhu-laf-tion. See Role 5.

Rule 11th. Words in tnetitf of three or more syllables, ending the
pentUt in ixe, iih, or a vowely take the accent on the antepenult: tu%
Wn'-ish-ment; but if the pmtUt end with a conscmmtf ravte 4i,''tt a



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156 APPENDIX.

diphihong, the accent resta on the penult; aa^ de-part'-me&t| oon

fine'-meut^ en-joy'-ment

Note. — ^The exceptions are but few, and easily distinguished. Al^ arp, and at^
always change the accent to nunt ; as, al'-i-ment, al-i-ment'-ary.

Rule ] 2ih. All words of three syllables in a6/«, ible, ably, ibly, and
all words of four syllables, in ableneas, iblencsSy are accented on the
first ; as, mov'-a-ble, blara'-a-ble-ness.

Ride 13th. All words in tive^ preceded by a single consonant, by
mjD, or nc, and all words in ive^ preceded by » or c, except substantive
and adjective, are accented on the penult; as, U-lu'-sive, re-ten'-tive^
com-pre-hen'-sive.

Rule 14th. All words of three syllables in ary * and ory, except
CA-na'-ry and va-ga'-ry, are accented on the first; aa^ eal'-a-ry,
mem'-o-ry.

NoTX. — Canary and ragary ought not to be exceptions.

Rule 15th. All words in ary and ory^ preceded by a^ or in which
tary and tory are preceded by p or <?, are accented on the antepenult ;
as^ per-sua'-so-ry, per-emp'-to-ry. The only exceptions to tliis rule
ai^e ad'-ver-sa-ry, and five others, doubling « ; as, prom'-is-so-ry. All
other words of four syllables ordy^ in this class, are accented on the
first ; as, mon'-i-to-ry. ;

IL General Rule. Two methods for finding the accented syllable
in all words of more than three syllables, in ive or able ; and of mors
than four in ary and ory. 1st. The accent, very uniformly, rests on
the first syllable of the root ; as, con-form'-able. If a single letter of
the root unites with a prefix, or that letter is doubled for euphony, it
usually carries the accent with it; as, prcd'-i-ca-ble. 2d. When the
words of these terminations ai-e accurately divided into their proper
syllables, according to tlie established rules of syllabication, the accenl^
with very few exceptions, falls on the firtit syllable ending with a con-
sonant, and. preceding those terminations; as, co-tem'-po-ra-ry.

NoTX.— Nearly all the exceptions to this second method, are words, in whidi Um
antepenult syllable ends in on, or, it; er, or ment; as, par'-don-a-bles, hab'-it«4>I«^
con-fed'-«r-a-tive, &c.

Rule 16th. All words of more than two syllables in fy^ invariably
take the accent on the antepenult ; at, glo'-ri-fy, per4K>nM-fyi. .



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▲ PFBITDIZ. 157

Bite 17tii. Words of three cft more i^Hablei in one, haTing a nitigh
consonant between the Towel of ihe penult sjllabl^ and ime, or ytiA
no consonant inttfrening, are accented on the antepenult ; aa^ par^i-
mo'-ni-ons ; but if itea consonants int^ryene^ the accent is on the penoit;
as^ tre-men'-dous.

Note. — ^The eJKepdaDB do not exceed twelTe words; two of which, capa(/««oai
imd so-no'-ronB, ought not to be included.

Rule 18th. ASf es, is, or os, preceding entf or ence^ as the latt syUtk^
hie, are always under accent ; as, con-ya-les'-cent

Rule l^h. Words of three or more syllables in ant, ent, dnee, and
inee, when a single consonant comes between the vowel of the pcnidt
syllable and the vowel in the final syllable, orwhen no consonant in-
tervenes, are accented) on the antepenult ; as, e-quiv'-a-lent ; but if ftco
consonants intervene, or if the final syllable, or penult^ contains a
diphthong, the accerrt faUs on the penult; as^ re-f ul'-gent^ con-ven'-ienl*

NoTB. — ^The exceptions in' this numerous class of words are but few. Under the
Ibni clause of thp rule, they may commonly be known by u, «, r, or i, before ami or
cKti end in the second clause by 5, tt, or 0, before tmt or 4|t. ■ \l and ioL tUsnifB
telng the accent to ent; as, paf'Cent; pa^renf-al, con'-se-quent, conHse-qoen'-tia].

TtgwAww, — Most words in cy.are derived from those ending in onl, mt, ono^ tmm,
«r au^ by dropping ( and e final, and adding yorqu as, ui'-gent^ ur'-gen^^, del'4-o«tab
aid'4-ca-cy. Oy always adds a syllable, but never changes the accent

*

m. General Rule. Words of more than tvoo syllables, the last two

letters of whi^ are al, an, ar, or um^ having but one consonanii and
oftentimes none, between the vowel of the penult syllable and those
terminations, are very generally accented on the antepenult; aa,
ma-te'-ri-al ; but if tioo consonants intervene, the accent coinmonly falli
on the penult ; as, di-ur'-naL

NoTB.— The terminations or, at, and kar, uniformly accent the antepenult The
BMon exceptions to the rule are, when «, 9, or 4^ precedes thos^terminatioiM, vrtiea it
Moallyfidlf on the penult; a8,i-de'-eL

Rule 20th. Wc^ds of three syllables in ize, ist, i9m, are uniformly
accented on the first ; as, le'-gal-ize. But if the word consist of four
€!t more eyllablee^ the accent^ with very few exceptional is on the pre-
•atepemiH ; as^ par^tic'-u-lar-ize, pres-by-te'-ri-an-ism.

Hofrs— The exceptions are ^nong such words as have prefixes ; as, ez4em^-p0f4aa
BMMiop'-o-lize, marking the root by Koei^

" . ' 14



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Etde Slit Words of motif than ino sjrllftblet in itde, art AeMOted
^ tlie a^tep^tdt ; as, laf -i-tude^ de-crep'-i-tnde.

Rule 22d. "Wor^s of three syllables, the first two iji -whidi are pre*
fixes^ and words endmg in ade, are yeiy uniformly accented on the last;
as^ in-ter-cede', lem-on-ade'.

• Rule 28d. Words ending in ure, - with few exceptions^ take the
accent on the first syllable of the root; as» fig'-nre^ lif-e^a-ture^ pro-
eure', en-dos'-ure.

Obssrvatiox. — After the place of accent has been found in the
■ereral classes of words, according to the aboTC jEtulee^ thousands of
ether words are afterward formed from them by the use of the pre-
fixes and suffixel The accent^ however, as first found, is seldom
changed . by any suffixes' subsequently added, except by such as come
under Special Rulea

For a single example of this, take a word in ate^ coming under Rule'
10th; as, com-mu'-ni-cate -ed-ing-ble-bleness-iye-ively-iveness-ory-ion-
bility ; and it will be seen that the accent remains unchanged, till ion and
Inlit^f are added, .w^en it is removed according to Rules 8d and 5th. x

In a few instances, the addition of a prefix or suffix, throws back tlie
firti Utter of the root to the prefix, and with it the accent ; as, pro'-bate^
»^'-ro-bate; pre-fer', pref-er-ence. No suffixes, however, change the
iiecent after it is fixed by ic or ous; as, dra'-ma, dra-mat'-ic, dra-mot'-
&H1I, dra-matMo-al*ly ; mel'-o-dy, me-lo'-di-ous^ me-lo'-di-oua*ly, me-lo'-
di^ue*nes8. ^ -



ORIGIN OP SOME OF THE •PREFIXES AND BUFFIXCS*

• ToB greater par^of the pirefixes in the English language, come to us
frdm the Latin andj&reek. In those langui^cs^ tliey are separlible^ or
inseparable prepontions. Yery little difference exists in their inde-
pendent signification and conjunct influence, as used in our language^
and in those 4anguages whence they are derived. Their extent of ap-
plication gives them a commanding influence. Uence^ the importance
of a distinct understanding of all those small words^ so extensively In*
terwoven in the formation of our derivative worda.



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APFBITDIX 109

' Hm^ wafBam ore of-amore doubtful <»%m ; y«t their oonsnon iia-
|>ort> as appended to word^ ean be obtained with sufi^ient precUioa,
to answer the more important purposes of this work. Nor is it ver/
tiiaterial in tliis case, whether we can or can not decide unequivocally
on their origin, provided we can b^ satisfied how their application
does change, alter, ^^r modify the import of words^ according to estab-
lished usage. Although such inquiry is not necessarily connected
wiUi this work, yet we will give some general view, both as to the fact
and probability, of their derivationa

SR — ^when it signifies a person, as in lover, farmer, Ac, is considered
to be a contraction <^ the Saxon wer, which signifies^ a man, Hence^
lover implies a man, or person who loveSb . ^

OR — ^is derived from the Latin. JSr and/>r, go far in distinguishing
Saxon and Latin derivations.

E8&— is probably of Hebrew' origin; yet many derivatives in or, ijrom
Latin, take ess, io distiftgnisli the gender; as^ actor, actres^ generally
dropping the vowel which precedes r.

Y — ^when the final letter, is tliought to be the equivalent of the
Qerman et, and gives at least three different senses to words.

1, It expresses a condition ; as, slave, slaver, slavery.

2;. A i^ce where something is done or kept; as^ factor, factorjf;
armor, armory. •

8. The possession of sometliing ; as, weal, wcalUi, wealthy.

i,Y — is a contraction of like, derived from the German * lichj TTe
lay either death-^ti^e, or dedth/y; god-/i^ or go^; but we alwayi
ioy good/y, and war-/i^•«.

« TT-^is derived from Latin ; as, meias, whence pie/y ; UvUas, levi/y ;
tercni^OJ^ sercni/y ; cAvHitas, civili/y.

. FY, mv FIG— have a common origin, which is the contraction of thii
Latin verb fadlo, or Jio, to make or become. Fructi/y is a eoo^
.traption ot fritctm and /ocs'o^ to make fruitful; Dei/y, of dcus and
faciok

jiBLB and IDLE — Ilorne Tooke thinks, are taken from the Gothic
word * abal,* implying power, strength, or ability.


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