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"From the specimen which has already been given, we
lave no hesitation in saying, that in regard to intelli-
gence, skill, and faithful diligence, it is a work of the very
iihest order. We know of no similar publication that
can bear any comparison with it for the rich variety of
valuable information, which it condenses within so small
a compass. It is free from all the narrowness of English
jrejudice, it contains many important and interesting
ietails which can be found in no English production, and
is a work which could be written by none but German
scholars, more than two hundred of whom were employed
n the original compilation." Bost on Observer.

" This cannot but prove a valuable addition to the lite-
rature of the age." Mer. Advertiser.

"The vast circulation this work has had in Europe,
where it has already been reprinted in four or five lan-
jjtiages, not to speak of the numerous German editions,
of which SEVEN have been published, speaks loudly in
lavor of its intrinsic merit, without which such a celebrity
could never have been attained. To every man engaged
in public business, who needs a correct and ample book
of reference on various topics of science and letters, the
EncyclopiEdia Americana will be almost invaluable. To
ndividuals obliged to go to situations where books are
neither numerous nor easily procured, the rich contents
of these twelve volumes will prove a mine which will
amply repay its purchaser, and be with difficulty exhaust-
ed ; and we recommend it to their patronage in the full
conviction of its worth. Indeed, it. is difficult to say to
what class of readers such a book would not prove useful,
nay, almost indispensable, since it combines a great
amount of valuable matter in small compass, and at
moderate expense, and is in every respect well suited to
augment the reader's stock of ideas, and powers of con-
versation, without severely taxing time or fatiguing
attention." Am. Daily Advertiser.

"The department of American Biography, a subject of
which it should be disgraceful to be ignorant, to the de-
gree that many are, is, in this work, a prominent feature,
and has received the attention of one of the most inde-
fatigable writers in this department of literature, which
the present age can furnish." Boston Courier.

" According to the plan of Dr. Lieber, a desideratum
will be supplied; the substance of contemporary know-
ledge will be brought within a small compass ; and the
character and uses of a manual will be imparted to a
kind of publication heretofore reserved, on strong shelves,
for occasional reference. By those who understand the
German language, the Conversation Lexicon is consulted
ten times for one application to any English Encyclopae-
dia." National Qazette.

" The volume now published is not only highly honor-
able to the taste, ability, and industry of its editors and
publishers, but furnishes a proud sample of the accuracy
and elegance with which the most elaborate and impor-
tant literary enterprises may now be accomplished in our
country. Of the manner in which the editors have thus
far completed their task, it is impossible, in the course of
a brief newspaper article, to speak with adequate justice."
Boston Bulletin.

" It continues to be particularly rich in the depart-
ments of Biography and Natural History. When we look
at the large mass of miscellaneous knowledge spread
before the reader, in a form which has never been equalled
for its condensation, and conveyed in a style that cannot
be surpassed far propriety and perspicuity, we cannot but
think that the American Encyclopaedia deserves a place in
every collection, in which works of reference form a por-
tion." Sout/tern Patriot.

" By far the boat work of the kind ever offered for sale
in this country." U. S. Oat.



best known, there is a constantly increasing demand.
The publishers invite the attention of those who may
not already have possessed themselves of it, or may
not have had an opportunity to become acquainted
with its merits, to the following account of the ori-
ginal work, upon which it is based, and which is
termed by the Edinburgh Review

THE WORLD-RENOWNED LEIPZIG CONVERSATIONS-
LEXICON.

It was intended to supply a want occasioned by
the character of the age, in which the sciences, arts,
trades, and the various forms of knowledge and of
active life, had become so much extended and di-
versified, that no individual engaged in business coald
become well acquainted with all subjects of general
interest; while the wide diffusion of information ren-
dered such knowledge essential to the character of
an accomplished man. This want, no existing works
were adequate to supply. Books treating of particular
branches, such as gazetteers, &c. were too confined
in character ; while voluminous Encyclopaedias were
too learned, scientific, and cumbrous, being usually
elaborate treatises, requiring much study or previous
acquaintance with the subject discussed. The con-
ductors of the CONVERSATION LEXICON endeavored
to select from every branch of knowledge what was
necessary to a well-informed mind, and to give popu-
lar views of the more abstruse branches of learning
and science ; that their readers might not be incom-
moded, and deprived of pleasure or improvement, by
ignorance of facts or expressions used in books or con-
versation. Such a work must obviously be of great
utility to every class of readers. It has been found
so much so in Germany, that it is met with every-
where, among the learned, the lawyers, the military,
artists, merchants, mechanics, and men of all stations.
The reader may judge how well it is adapted to its
object, from the circumstance, that though it now
consists of twelve volumes, seven editions, comprising
about ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND COPIES, have been
printed in less than fifteen years. It has been trans-
lated into the Swedish, Danish and Dutch languages,
and a French translation is now preparing in Paris.

In the preparation of the American edition, no ex-
pense has been spared to secure the ablest assistance,
and the editors have been aided by many gentlemen
of distinguished ability.

The American Biography, which is very extensive,
has been furnished by MR. WALSH, who has long paid
particular attention to that branch of our literature,
and from materials in the collection of which he has
been engaged for some years. For obvious reasons,
the notices of distinguished Americans are con-
fined to deceased individuals: the European biogra-
phy contains notices of all distinguished living char-
acters, as well as those of past times.

The articles on Zoology and the various branches
of Natural Science, and those on Chemistry and
Mineralogy, have been prepared expressly for this
work by gentlemen distinguished in the several de-
partments.

In relation to the Fine Arts, the work is exceedingly
rich. Great attention was given to this in the German
work, and the Editors have been anxious to render it,
by the necessary additions, as perfect as possible.

To gentlemen of the Bar, the work will be pecu-
liarly valuable, as in cases where legal subjects are
treated, an account is given of English, French, Gwr-
man and American Law.



CABINET CYCLOPAEDIA,

CONDUCTED BY THE

REV. DIONYSIUS LARDNER, LL. D. F. R. S. L. & E.

M.R.I. A. F.L.S. F.Z.S. Hon.F.C.P. S. M. Ast. S. &c. &c.
ASSISTED BY

EMINENT LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC MEN.
Now publishing by Carey and Lea, and for sale by all Booksellers.



THIS work will form a popular compendium of what
ever is useful, instructive, and interesting, in the circle of
human knowledge. A novel plan of publication and ar-
rangement has been adopted, which presents peculiar
advantages. Without fully detailing the method, a few of
these advantages may be mentioned.

Each volume will contain one or more subjects uninter-
rupted and unbroken, and will be accompanied by the
corresponding plates or other appropriate illustrations.
Facility of reference will be obtained without fettering
the work by a continued alphabetical arrangement. A
subscriber may omit particular volumes or sets of vol-
umes, without disintegrating his series. Thus each pur-
chaser may form from the "CABINET" a Cyclopaedia, more
or less comprehensive, as may suit his means, taste, or
profession. If a subscriber desire to discontinue the work
at any stage of its publication, the volumes which he
may have received will not lose their value by separation
from the rest of the work, since they will always either
be complete in themselves, or may be made so at a trifling
expense.

The purchasers will never find their property in this
work destroyed by the publication of a second edition.
The arrangement is such that particular volumes may
be re-edited or re-written without disturbing the others.
The " CABINET CYCLOPAEDIA. " will thus be in a state of
continual renovation, keeping pace with the never-ceas-
ng improvements in knowledge, drawing within its
circle from year to year whatever is new, and casting off
whatever is obsolete, so as to form a constantly modern-
zed Cyclopaedia. Such are a few of the advantages which
the proprietors have to offer to the public, and which they
pledge themselves to realise.

Treatises on subjects which are technical and profes-
sional will be adapted, not so much to those who desire
to attain a practical proficiency, as to those who seek
that portion of information respecting such matters which
is generally expected from well-educated persons. An
interest will be imparted to what is abstract by copious
illustrations, and the sciences will be rendered attractive,
by treating them with reference to the most familiar ob-
jects and occurrences.

The unwieldly bulk of Encyclopaedias, not less than
the abstruse discussions which they contain, has hitherto
consigned them to the library, as works of only occasional
reference. The present work, from its portable form and
popular style, will claim a place in the drawing-room and
the boudoir. Forming in itself a Complete I ibrary, af-
fording an extensive and infinitely varied store of in-
struction and amusement, presenting just so much on
every subject as those not professionally engaged in it
require, convenient in size, attractive in form, elegant in
illustrations, and most moderate in expense, the "CABINET
CYCLOPEDIA" will, it is hoped, be found an object of para-
mount interest in every family.

To the heads of schools and all places of public educa-
tion the proprietors trust that this work will particularly
recommend itself.

It seems scarcely necessary to add, that nothing will
be admitted into the pages of the " CABINET CYCLOPEDIA"
which can have the most remote tendency to offend public
or private morals. To enforce the cultivation of religion
and the practice of virtue should be a principal object
with all who undertake to inform the public mind ; but
with the views just explained, the conductor of this work
feels these considerations more especially pressed upon
his attention Parents and guardians may, therefore,
rest assured that they will never find it necessary to place
a volume of the " CABINET " beyond the reach of their chil-
dren or pupils.



CONSIDERABLE progress having been made in this
work, the publishers wish to direct the attention of
the public to the advantages by which it is distin-
guished from other similar monthly publications.

It is not intended that the Cabinet Cyclopaedia shall
form an interminable series, in which any work of



interest which may present itself from time to time
can claim a place. Its subjects are classified accord-
ing to the usual divisions of literature, science, and
art. Each division is distinctly traced out, and will
consist of a determinate number of volumes. Al-
though the precise extent of the work cannot be fixed
with certainty, yet there is a limit which will not be
exceeded ; and the subscribers may look forward to
the possession, within a reasonable time, of a complete
library of instruction, amusement, and genera) refer-
ence, in the regular form of a popular Cyclopaedia.

The several classes of the work are 1, NATURAL
PHILOSOPHY; 2, The USEFUL and FINE ARTS;
3, NATURAL HISTORY; 4, GEOGRAPHY; 5,
POLITICS and MORALS ; 6, GENERAL LITE-
RATURE and CRITICISM ; 7, HISTORY ; 8, BI-
OGRAPHY.

In the above abstruse and technical departments
of knowledge, an attempt has been made to convey
to the reader a general acquaintance with these sub-
jects, by the use of plain and familiar language, ap-
propriate and well-executed engravings, and copious
examples and illustrations, taken from objects and
events with which every one is acquainted.

The proprietors formerly pledged themselves that
no exertion should be spared to obtain the support of
the most distinguished talent of the age. They trust
that they have redeemed that pledge. Among the
volumes already published in the literary department,
no less than four have been the production of men
who stand in the first rank of literary talent, Sir
James Mackintosh and Sir Walter Scott. In the sci-
entific department, a work has been produced from
the pen of Mr. Herschel, which has been pronounced
by the highest living authority on subjects of general
philosophy, to contain " the noblest observations on
the value of knowledge which have been made since
Bacon," and to be " the finest work of philosophical
genius which this age has seen."

The following is a selection from the lift of Contributors.

The Right Honorable Sir JAMES MACKIN-
TOSH, M. P.

The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Cloyne,

Sir WALTER SCOTT, Bart.

JOHN FREDERICK WILLIAM HERSCHEL,
Esq.

THOMAS MOORE, Esq.

J. B. BIOT, Member of the French Institute,

ROBERT SOUTHEY, Esq. Poet Laureate.

The Baron CHARLES DUPIN, Member of the
Royal Institute and Chamber of Deputies,

THOMAS CAMPBELL, Esq.

T. B. MACAULEY, Esq. M. P.

DAVID BREWSTER, LL.D.

J. C. L. S1SMONDI, of Geneva.

Capt. HENRY KATER, Vice President of the
Royal Society.

The ASTRONOMER ROYAL,

DA VIES GILBERT, Esq. M. P.

S. T.COLERIDGE, Esq.

JAMES MONTGOMERY, Esq.

The Right Hon. T. P. COURTENAY, M.P.

J. J. BERZEL1US, of Stockholm, F. R. S., &a

The Rev. G, R. GLEIG.

T, PHILLIPS, Esq. Prof, of Painting, R. A.

Rev. C. THIRLWALL, Fellow of Trinity College,
Cambridge.

ANDREW URE, M. D. F. R.S., &c. &c. &c.



DR. LARDNSR'S
CABINET CYCtOPJEDIA.



VOLUMES PUBLISHED.

I. H. HISTORY OF SCOTLAND. By SIR WALTER

SCOTT.
IH. VI. HISTORY OF ENGLAND. By SIR JAMES

MACKINTOSH. In 8 Vols. Vols. I. and II.
IV. OUTLINES OF HISTORY.
V HISTORY OF THE NETHERLANDS. By T. C.

GRATTAN, Esq.
VII. VIII. XII. HISTORY OF FRANCE. By EYRE

EVANS CROWE. In 3 Vols.
IX. MECHANICS. By CAPT. KATER and DR.

LARDNER.

X. A PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE ON THE OB-
JECTS, ADVANTAGES, AND PLEASURES OF

THE STUDY OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY. In

1 Vol. By J. F. W. HERSCHEL, Esq.
XL BIOGRAPHY OF EMINENT BRITISH

STATESMEN.
XIII.-HYDROSTATICS AND PNEUMATICS. By

DR. LARDNER.
XIV. HISTORY OF THE PROGRESS AND PRE

SENT SITUATION OF THE SILK MANUFAC

TURE.
XV. HISTORY OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLICS

By J. C. L. SISMONDI.
XVI. XVII. XVI II. HISTORY OF MARITIME

AND INLAND DISCOVERY. In 3 vois.



VOLUMES IN IMMEDIATE PREPARA-
TION.

HISTORY OF ENGLAND. Vol. III.

HISTORY OF THE PROGRESS AND PRESENT
STATE OF THE IRON MANUFACTURE.

LIVES OF EMINENT BRITISH LAWYERS. In
1 Vol. By H. ROSCOE, Esq.

THE HISTORY OF THE WESTERN WORLD. In

4 Vols. Vol. I. THE UNITED STATES OF AMER-
ICA.

Two volumes of this work, nearly ready, will
complete the History of the United States to the
present time. The two remaining volumes will
be devoted to South America and the West India
Islands.

A HISTORY OF IRELAND, TO THE UNION. In 2
Vols. By T. MOORE, Esq.

A PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE ON THE USEFUL
ARTS AND MANUFACTURES. By the BARON
CHARLES DUPIN, Member of the Institute of France
and of the Chamber of Deputies.

A HISTORY OF THE MOORS. In 3 Vols. By ROB-
ERT SOUTHEY, Esq.

LIVES OF THE MOST EMINENT LITERARY
MEN OF ALL NATIONS. In 8 Vols. By SCOTT,
SOUTHEY, MOORE, MACKINTOSH, MONTGOMERY,
CUNNINGHAM, and all the principal Literary and
Scientific Contributors to the Cyclopaedia.

A TREATISE ON ASTRONOMY. By J. F. W.
HERSCHEL, Esq.

EOGRAPHY. In 4 Vols. By W. COOLEY, Esq.
author of the " History of Maritime Discovery."

LIVES OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED BRITISH
NAVAL COMMANDERS. By R. SOUTHEY, Esq.

LIVES OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED BRITISH
MILITARY COMMANDERS. By the Rev. G. R.
GLEIG.

A TREATISE ON OPTICS. By DAVID BREW-

STEIl.

THE HISTORV OF GREECE. In 3 Vols. By the
Rev. C. TIJIRLWALL.

LIVKS OF EMINENT BRITISH ARTISTS. By
W. Y. OTLEY, Esq. and T. PHILLIPS, R, A. Professor
of Painting- to the Royal Academy.

A TREATISE ON ELECTRICITY AND MAGNET-
ISM. By M. BIOT, Member of the French Insti-
tute.



" BOOKS THAT YOU MAY CARRY TO THE FIRE, AND HOL
READILY IN YOUR HAND, ARE THE MOST USEFUL AFTEF
ALL. A MAN WILL OFTEN LOOK AT THEM, AND B
TEMPTED TO GO ON, WHEN HE WOULD HAVE BEE
FRIGHTENED AT BOOKS OF A LARGER SIZE, AJND OK
MORE ERUDITE APPEARANCE." Dr. JolmSOH.

"We advisedly call the Cabinet Cyclopaedia a grea
undertaking, because we consider, that in its effects o
the tone and habits of thought of what is known by th
phrase, ' the reading public,' it will be, if carried throug
in the spirit of its projection and commencement, one o
the most invaluable productions of modern literature.

" But these advantages, eminent as they undoubtedl
are, are not the sole nor the chief recommendations o
the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. Neither is it on the extrem
cheapness of the publication, nor the federal independenc
if we may so speak of its several volumes, that w
rest our prediction of its influence on the tone of think
ing of the present, and on the literature of the next gen
eration but on the promise, amounting almost to a mora
certainty, of the great excellence of its execution. A mul
titude of persons eminent in literature and science in th
United Kingdom are employed in this undertaking; anc
indeed, no others should be employed in it ; for it is a trutl
that the profound and practised writer alone is capable o
furnishing a 'popular compendium.'

" What parent or guardian that throws his eye over the
list of its contributors bat must be rejoiced by meetin,
the names of those who are in themselves a guarantee
of intellectual and moral excellence?" Literary Gazette

" The plan of the work appears well adapted to the pur
pose it is proposed to fulfil that of supplying a series o
publications, embracing the whole range of literature
and science, in a popular and portable form ; while the
excellence of the execution is guarantied by the judgmen
displayed in the selection of writers. The list of authors
employed in this ambitious undertaking comprises some
of the most eminent men>of the present age." Mas.

" The Cyclopaedia, when complete, will form a valuable
work of reference, as well as a most entertaining and in
structive library. It is an essential principle in every par
of it, that it should be clear and easily understood, and
that an attempt should everywhere be made to unite
accurate information with an agreeable manner of con
veying it. It is an experiment, to try how much science
may be taught with little crabbed or technical language
and how far the philosophical and poetical qualities of
history may be preserved in its more condensed state. It
possesses also the most indispensable of all the qualities
of a work intended for general instruction that of cheap
ness. Whatever the plan might be, it was evident that
the grand difficulty of Dr. Lardner was to unite a body
of writers in its execution, whose character or works af-
forded the most probable hope that they were fitted for a
task of which the peculiarity, the novelty, and even the
prevalent relish for such writings greatly enhance the dif-
ficulty. We do not believe, that in the list of contribu-
tors, there is one name of which the enlightened part of
the public would desire the exclusion.

In science, the list is not less promising. The names
of the President, Vice-Presidents, and most distinguished
Fellows of the Royal Society, are contained in it. A
treatise on astronomy, by Herschel ; on optics, by Brews-
ter ; and on mechanics, by Lardner ; need be only recom-
mended by the subjects and the writers. An eminent
Prelate, of the first rank in science, has undertaken a
noble subject which happily combines philosophy with
religion. Twelve of the most distinguished naturalists
of the age, Fellows of the Linnsan and Zoological So-
ieties, are preparing a course of natural history. Others
not less eminent in literature and science, whose names it
s not needful yet to mention, have shown symptoms of an
ambition to take a place among such fellow-laborers."
Times.

The topics, as may be supposed, are both judiciously
selected and treated with ability. To general readers,
and as part of a family library, the volumes already pub-
ished possess great recommendations. For the external
>eauties of good printing arid paper they merit equal com-
mendation." Bait. American.

" The uniform neatness of these volumes, their very
moderate price, and the quantity of information which
hey contain, drawn from the best and most attractive
sources, have given them deserved celebrity, and no one
vho desires to possess such information, should hesitate
a moment to add them to his library." Fed. Gazette.

"This excellent work continues to increase in public
avor, and to receive fresh accessions of force to its orps
>f contributors." lAt. Gazette.



LARDNER'S CABINET CYCLOPEDIA.



" OF THE MANY WORKS WHICH HAVE BEEN LATELY PUB-
LISHED IN IMITATION, OR ON THE PLAN ADOPTED BY THE
SOCIETY FOR THE D1FFCSION OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE, DR.

LARDNER'S CYCLOPAEDIA, is BY MUCH THE MOST VALUA-
BLE, AND THE MOST RECOMMENDED BY DISTINGUISHED
ASSISTANCE, SCIENTIFIC AND LITERARY."

Edinburgh Review.



HISTORY OP SCOTLAND. By Sir Walter
Scott. In a Vols.

" The History of Scotland, by Sir Walter Scott, we do
not hesitate to declare, will be, if possible, more exten-
sively read, than the most popular work of fiction, by the
same prolific author, and for this obvious reason: it com-
bines much of the brilliant coloring of the Ivanhoe pic-
tures of by-gone manners, and all the graceful facility of
style and picturesqueness of description of his other
charming romances, with a minute fidelity to the facts
of history, and a searching scrutiny into their authenti
city and relative value, which might put to the blush

Mr. Hume and other professed historians. Such is the

tory of England, we find enough to warrant the antici- magic charm of Sir Walter Scott's pen, it has only to
pations of the public, that a calm and luminous philoso- touch the simplest incident of every-day life, and it starts
phy will diffuse itself over the long narrative of our Brit-



HISTORY OF ENGLAND. By Sir James
Mackintosh. In 8 Vols. Two Vols. pub-
lished.

" In _ the firg t volume of Sir James Mackintosh's His-



ish History." Edinburgh Review.



In this volume Si



r James Mackintosh fully developes



up invested with all the interest of a scene of romance ;
and yet such is his fidelity to the text of nature, that the
knights, and serfs, and collared fools with whom his in



those great powers, for the possession of which the public I ventive genius has peopled so many volumes, are regarded
have long given him credit. The result is the ablest com- | by us as not mere creations of fancy, but as real flesh and
mentary that has yet appeared in our language upon some blood existences, with all the virtues, feelings and errors



most important circumstances of English History."



of the
Atlas.

" Worthy in the method, style, and reflections, of the
author's high reputation. We were particularly pleased
with his high vein of philosophical sentiment, and his
occasional survey of contemporary annals." National
Gazette

"If talents of the highest order, long experience in po-
litics, and years 'of application to the study of history
and the collection of information, can command superi-
ority in a historian, Sir James Mackintosh may, without
reading this work, be said to have produced the best his-
tory of this country. A perusal of the work will prove
that those who anticipated a superior production, have
not reckoned in vain on the high qualifications of the
author." Courier.

" Our anticipations of this volume were certainly very
highly raised, and unlike such anticipations in general,


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Online LibrarySamuel ButlerGeographia classica, or, The application of antient geography to the classics → online text (page 19 of 23)