Samuel Butler.

Hudibras : in three parts, written in the time of the late wars: (Volume 2) online

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Th' united conftanter, and Tided

The more, the more their Foes divided.

For though cut-number' d, overthrown,
170 And by the Fate of War run down •,

Their Duty never was defeated,

Nor fi-om their Oaths and Faith retreated •,

For Loyalty is Jiill the fame v|

Whether it win or Icfe the Game \
jy^ True as the Dial to the Sun^

Although it he not fhin^d upon, ' J

^0 find again their knoi^jn lelovtd longue,

That njjith their Milk they fuckt in Cradle \oun9,
:^. 163. This, nxihenthe Koyalifis percei'v' d"] What a lafting Mo^"
nument of Fame has our Poet rais'd to the Royalifts \ What me- '
rited Praifes does he beftow on their unftiaken Faith and Loyalty \
How happily does he applaud their Conftancy and Sufferings ! If
any thing can be a Compenfation to thofe of that Party, who
met with unworthy Difregard and Negled after the Reftoration,
it muft be this ne^uer dying Eulogy : Butler, alas! was one of that
Bnfortunate Number. (Mr. B.)

f. 175. True as the Dial to the Sun, &c.] The Writer of the
Preface, to The nvicked Plots, of the pretended Saints, &c. com-
pares Mr. Foulh, the Author, to litt% Loyal John, in the Epi-
taph; Fo^_



PART III. CANTO 11. 221

But when thefe Brethren in Evil,

Their Adverfaries^ and the Devils

Began once more, to Ihew them Play-j
i8o And hopes, at leall', to have a Day •,

They rally' d in Parades of Woods,

And unfrequented Solitudes :

Conven'd at Midnight in Out-houfes,

T' appoint New-Rijing Rendezvotizes^
185 And with a Pertinacy unmatch'd,

For new Recruits of Danger watch'd.

No fooner was one Blow diverted.

But up another Party ftarted.

And, as if Nature too in Haft,
190 To furnifli out Supphes as fafl.

Before her Time had turnM Deflrudlion,

T' anew and numerous Produ6lion ;

No fooner thofe were overcome.

But up rofe others in their Room,
195 That, like the Chrijlian Faith, increaft

The more, the more they were fupprefl:

Wholti neither Chains^ nor 'Tran/portation^

Profcription^ Sale^ or Confifcation^

Nor all the defperate Events
\ 200 Of former try'd Experiments,

Nor Wounds, cou'd terrify, nor Mangling,
To leave off Loyalty and Danglings

For the Kingy Church, and Blood Royal,

He 'went as true as any Sun Dial.
'• T^. 197. Whom neither Chains, nor Tranjportation, &-C.] All the
Methods here mentioned were made Ufe of, to difpirit the Ca-
valiers ; but to no Purpofe.

5^. 201, 202. l^or Wounds, coud terrify, nor Mangling, — To
leave off Loyalty and Dangling. '\ The brave Spirit of Loyalty was
not to be fupprefs'd by the moll: barbarous and inhuman Ufage.
There are feveral remarkable Inftances upon Record : as that of
the gallant Marqiiis of Monfro/g. (See Impartial Rxamination of

Mr.



222 HUDIBRAS.

Nor Death (with all his Bones) afFright
From vent'ring to maintain the Righr^
205 From flaking Life and Fortune down
'Gainft all together, for the Crown :
But kept the Title of their Caufe
From Forfeiture^ like Claims in Laws :

JVr^. Neap/ 4^^ vol. of the Hi/lory of the Puritans, p. 6j, l^c.)
The loyal Mr. Gerard, and Mr. Fovjel, in 1654. [Echard'i
Uijlory of England, vol. 2. p. 761.) Of Mr. Pe?iruddocky Grovet ,
and others who fuffered for their Loyalty at Exeter 1654-5 [E-'
chard, vol. 2. p. 774) Oi Captain Reynolds, who had been of
the King's Party, and when he was going to be turn'd off the
Ladder, cry'd, God Blefs King C\iZ.v\QS , Fi^ve le Roy. [White-
lock^ Memorials, 2^^ edit. p. 435-) Of Dalgelly, one of MontrofeU
Party, who being fentenced to be beheaded, and being brought
to the Scaffold, ran and kifs'd it : And without any Speech or Ce-
Temoriy laid down his Head upon the Block, and was beheaded.
{Whitelock, ibid. p. 459.) Of the brave Sir Robert Spotfivood.
(Bilhop WiJImri% Hi/ioryof Montrofe, p. 173.) Of Mr. Courtney
and Mr. Portman who v/ere committed to the Tower the Begin-
ning of February 1657, for difperfmg among the Soldiers v/hat were
then called /editions Books and Pamphlets. Mercurius Politicust 1
N''402. p. 302. Of Sir Henry Sling s by and Dr. He~juet. Mercurius '
Politicus, N'' 419. p. 583, ^c. Echard\ Uiftory of England,
vol. 2. p. 818. i

Nor ought the Loyalty of the fix Counties of North Wales to 1
be pa^s'd over in Silence; who never addrefs'd or petitioned
during the Ufurpation. Mercurius Puhiicus^ N^ 24. p. 369. Nor
the common Soldier mentioned in the Oxford Diurnal, iirft Week,
p. 6. Impartial Examiftation cf Mr. NealV y vol. cf the Hifiorj
of the Puritans, p. 203. See more in the Story of the imperti-
nent Sheriff. V Ef range' s Fables, part 2. fab. 265. Mr. ButleryS
or Pry n, [{tt Mola Afinaria. Butler s Remains) fpeaking of the'
gallant Behaviour of the LoyaHfs, lays, *' Other Nations would i
•' have canoniz'd for Martyrs, and. ereiTted Statues after their
** Death, to the Memory of fome of our Compatriots, whom ye
*' have barbarouily defaced and mangled, yet alive, for no other
'* Motive but their undaunted Zeal.

f. 208. From Forfeiture, like Claims in Lanvs.'] See Continual
Claims. Cokis Injiitutes, firll Part, lib. 3. k&.. 414. fol. 250.
10 '''edition.



PART lit. CANTO 11. 22J

i And prov'd no profp'rous Ufurpation
jiio Can ever fettle on the Nation :

Until, in ipight of Force and Treafon^

They put their Loy'lty in PofTelTion ;

And by their Conflancy and Faith^

Deftroy'd the mighty Men of Grab.
;J2i5 Tofs'd in a furious Hurricmte^

Bid Oliver give up his Reign ;

And v/as believ'd, as well by Saints,

As mortal Men and Mifcreants,

To founder in the Stygian Ferry :
220 Until he was retriev'd by Skrry^

\ jr. 215, 216. fofs'd in a furious Hurricane, — Bid Oliver <jin}t
Hp his Reign.] * At Oli - uers Death was a moil furious Tempeft,
uch as had not been known in the Memory of Man, or hardly
->ver recorded to have been in this Nation." Sec E chard's Hiftory
/England, vol.2 It is obferved in a Tracl, intitied, ( No Fool
'^0 the o.'d FooL VEfirange's Jpology, p. 93.) ''That [0//Wrl
f* after a long Courfe of Treafon, Murder, Sacrilege, Perjuty,

Y Rapine, ds'r. finiih'd his accurfed Life in Agony and Fury, and

V without any Mark of true Repentance." See Thurlo's Catitin^r
letler, occafion'd by his Death, to Heury Crofnix^ell. Thur/ce^
"itate Papers, vol. 7. p. 572, i^c. Though mod of our Hiftorians
nention the Hurricane at his Death, yet few take Notice of the
Storm in the Northern Counties, that Day the Houfe of Peers
Drder'd the digging up his Carcafe with other Regicides. (See
Mtrcurius FuMcus,N'' 5 1, p. 816.) The Author of tiie F^r/^^^^-
^iveen the Ghojl of the late ProteHor, and the King of Sweden in
'Hell, 1660. p. 19. merrily obferves. " That he was even fo tur-
•' bulent and feditious there, that he was chain'd by Way of Pu-
* nilhment in th^ general pij/ing Place, next the Court-Door, with
f| a ftridl Charge, that no Body that made Water thereabouts,

' (liould pifs any where but againft his Body."
ir. 219. To founder in the Stygian Ferry.]
0/d Oliver's gone to the Dogs,
Oh ! no, 1 do mijiake.
He's gone in a IVherry
O'ver the Ferry
Is caird the Stygian Lah.
, ^«/ Cerberus, that great Porter,
Did read him Ju^h a Leaure,



224 tiU t) 1 B RA S.

Who in a falfe erroneous Dream
Miftook the New Jerufalem^
Prophanely for th' Apocryphal
Falfe Heaven at the End o^ tF Hall %

225 Whither it was decreed by P'^ate
His precious ReHques to tranflate.
So Romulus was feen before

B' as Orthodox a Senator ;

7hat made him to rear

When he n;jas come on Shore

For being Lord P rote Si or.

Colle^ion of Loyal Songs, reprinted 1731, N° 3. p. ^.
3^. 220. Until he ivas retries' d by Sterry.] The News ofO/i'ver^t
Death being brought to thofe, who were met to pray for him
Mr. Peter Sterry flood up, and deiired them not to be troubled :
*' For (faid he) this is good News, becaufe, if he was of Ull
** to the People of God, when he was amongft us, he will bi
*' much more fo now, being afcended into Heaven at the Right
" Hand of Jefus Chrift, there to intercede for U5; and to bi
** mindful of us upon all Occafions." (Echard's HiftoryofY^v^g
land, vol. 2. p. 825. Ludlonv^s Memoirs, vol. 2. p. 612. See;
Trad, intitled, No Fool to the old Fool, publifh'd with L'i?/?r^;?§'^'
apology, p. 93. Phcenix BritanrAcus, p. 154.) V>x. South Widks.
Mention of an Independent Divine, (Sermons, vol. i. ferm. 3
p. 102.) who, when O/Z-'y^'/- was fick, of which Sicknefs he died
declared, *' That God revealed to him, that he (hould recovei
"* and live thirty years longer ; for that God had raifed him uj
•* for a Work, which could not be done in a lefs Time : Bu ,
** Oliver s Death being publiih'd two Days after, the faid Di
" vine publickly in his Prayers expoflulated with God the Defea
*' of his Prophefy in thefe Words: 7hou hajt lied unto us; yea
*' l^hou haft lied unto us.

So familiar were thofe Wretches with God Almighty, tha;
Dr. E chard oh(tY\ts of one of them, (fee his Obfernjation upo
the Anfiver to the Enquiry ifito the Grounds of the Contempt of th
Clergv, p. 106.) ** That he pretended to have got fuch an In
" terefl in Chrift, and fuch an exad Knowledge of Affairs above
" that he could tell the People, that he had juft before receive
** an Exprefs from Jefus, upon fuch a Bufmefs, and that the In.
" wasfcarcedry upon the Paper."

ir. 224. Falfe Heaven^ &c.] * After the Reftoration Oliwr
Body was dug up, and his Head fet up at the farther End (
Wefiminfier-Hall, near which Place there is an Houie of Enter
lainnient, which is commonly known by the Name of Hta'veny

f. 227



I



PART III. CANTO II. 225

From whofe divine Illumination
230 He Hole the Pagan Revelation.

Next him his Son and Heir apparent
Succeeded, though a Imne Vicegerent \



■p. 227. So Romulus, &C.'] * A Roman Senator, whofe Name
was Proculus, and much beloved by Romulus, made Oath before
the Senate, that this Prince appeared to him after his Death, and
predivSled che future Grandeur of that City, promifmg to be Pro-
teftor of it ; and exprefly charged him, that he fnould be adored
there under the Name of ^irinus i and he had his Temple on
Mount ^.irinal.

f 23 r, 232. Next him his Son and Heir apparmt — Succeeded,
though a lame Vicegerent. '\ * Oli^vers eldeft Son ^/fi'^r^ was, by
him before his Death, declared his SuccefTor j and, by Order of
the Privy Council, proclaimed Lord Protedor, and received the
Complimencs of Congratulation and Condolence, at the fame Tim.e,
from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen ; and AddrefTes were
Drefented to him from all Parts of the Nation, promifmg to fiand
)y him with their Lives and Fortunes. He fummoned a Parlia-
nent to meet at Wefiminfler, which recognized him Lord Pro-
eBor ; yet notwithftanding, Fleet'wood,Dejl>oronju, and their Par-
ufans, managed Affairs fo, that he was obliged to reiign." Mr.
Butler exprefies himfelf to the fame Purpofe, in his Tale of the
Coblsr and Vicar of Bray. Remains.

What'^s nvorfe, old Noll is inarching off,
And Dick his Heir apparent.

Succeeds him in the Go'vernment,
A <very lame Vicegerent :

He'll reign but little Time, poor Tool,
But Jink beneath the State ;

That njoill not fail to ride the Fool
i '' Bo-ve common Horfemaji' s iVeight.

I And another Poet fpeaks of him, and his Brother Henry in the
ollowing Manner. ^
' But young Dick and Harry, not his Heirs, but his Brats,

As if they had lefs Wit and Grace than Gib-Cats,

Slunk from ihzir Commands, like a Brace of dro^wnd Rats.
I The Rump Carbonado'' d. Loyal Songs, vol. 2. p. izz, \

I What Opinion the World had of him, we learn from Loi:d \
.clarendons Account of his vifit incog, to the Prince of Conti, at \
ezenas, who received him civilly, as he did all Strangers ; and ]
•articularly the £»o-/^: and after a few Words, (not knowing
yho he was.) *' The Prince began to difcourfe of the Alxairs of
'' England, and a&'d many QueHions concerning the King, and
* whether all Men were quiet, and fubmitted obedient to him ?
Vol. II. P '*' Which



226 HVDIBRAS.

Who firft laid by the Parliament^

The only Crutch on which he leant % \

%25 And then funk underneath the State,

That rode him above Horfeman^s JVeight,
And now the Saints began their Reign,

For which th' had yearn' d fo long in vain.

And felt fuch Bowel-Hankerings,
240 To fee an Empire all of Kings,

Deliver' d from th' Egyptian Awe

Of Juftice, Government, and Law,

** Which the other anfwer'd according to the Truth. Well,
*' faid the Prince, Oli'ver, though he was a Traitor, and a Vil-
** /«/«, was a brave Felloin^, had great Parts, great Courage, and
** was worthy to command. But for that Richard, that Cox-
** combi Coquin, Poltroon, he was furely the bafcft Fellow alive ?
*■* what is become of that Fool ? How is it pofiible he could be
*' fuch a Sot ?" He anfwered, •* That he was betray 'd by
" thofe he moft trufted, and had been moft obliged to his Father :
** So being weary of his Vifit, he quickly took his Leave, and!
** next Morning left the Town, out of Fear that the Princd
*' might know, that he was that very Fool and Coxcomb he|
*' had mentioned' fo kindly ; and two Days after the Prince didi
** come to loiow who he was that he had treated fo well." (Lord
' Clarendons Hijlory of the Rebellions vol. 3. p. 519.)

^. 233, 234. Who fir Jl laid by the Parliament, — The only Crutch
on nx}hich he leant.] See this in fome Meafure difprov'd, Life oj
Secretary lLh.\iv\oQ, prefixed to his Letters,^. 17. See a Song in-
titled 2^ P/7r^ o/* Kna<ves out of Doors. ColleSiion of Loyal Songs,
reprinted 1731. vol. 2. N° 17. p. 69. Arfy Vcrfy, or the z^
Martyrdom of the R^ump, fe£l. 4. vol. 2. p. 92.

if, 237. And no~jo their Saints began their Reign, «S:c.] A Sneer
upon the Committee of Safety ; amongft whom was Sir Henry Fane^
who (as Lord Clarendon obferves, vol. 3. b. 16. p. 544.) " was
*' a perfect Enthufiaft, and without Doubt did believe himfeli
*' infpired ; which fo far corrupted his Reafon and Underftand-
*' ing ; that he did at the fame Time believe, he was the Perfon
** deputed to reign over the Saints upon Earth for a Thoufand
** Years." See an Account of him, va Baxter ?> Life in Folio,
p. 74» who mentions a Se6l, call'd from him, Vanifis.

jJ'. 241, 242. Deliver d from the Egyptian Avje — Ofjuf.ice,
Go'vernment t and La^.'] Dr. James Young obferves [SidrophelVa-
pulans,'^. 13. from Mr. Pryns True and perfeSt Narrative, Sec.
p. 60). That two Jefuiiical PrognoHicatois, Lilly and Culpeper.

<' were



PART III. CANTO II. 227

And free t' creel v/hat fpiritual Cantons
Should be reveal' d, ov Go fpel Hans-Towns ^

^4.^ To edify upon the Ruins

Of Jobn of Ley den's old Out -goings \
Who for a Weadier-cock hung up,
Upon their Mother Church's Top ;
Was made a Type, by Providence,

,250 Of all their Revelations fince ;

i" were fo confident, ann. 1652. of the total Subverfion of the
*' Laix\ and Gofpsl Minijiry, that in their rcurrilous Prognoftica-
" tions, thej predided the Downfal of both ; and in 1654, they
I** foretold, that the Law fhould be pulled down to the Ground,
f" the great Charter, and all our Liberties deflroy'd, as not fuit-
f* ing with Englijhmen in thefe bleiTed Times : That the Crab-
"* Tree of the Law fhould be puU'd up by the Roots, and grow
" no more, there being no Reafon now we fhould be govern'd by
« them."

jr, 244, Go/pel Hans -To'ums.'] The Germa;!s hor-

dering on the Sea, being anciently infeibd by Barbarians, for
their better Defence, enter'd into a mutual League, and gave
chemfelves the Name of Hans-To^uons ; either from the Sea, on
which they border'd, or from their Faith, which they had plight-
'ed to one another with their own Hand ,• [Hanf^] or from the
"ame Word, which in their Language fignified a League, Society,
j Dr Affociation . Baily.

\' 3^. 245,246, 247, 248, To edify upm the Ruins — Of ]ohn of
Leyden'j old Out-goings ; —nvhofor a Weather-Cock hungup, — Upon
"heir Mother Church's Top ] John Bucko Id, Beco'd, or Bokelfon, an
dnahaptijl Taylor (fome fay a Shoemaker, or Cobler) of Leyden,
Tiock King o^ Munfcr, was hung with two of his Rebel Alfo-
:iate3 (ail in iron Cages) upon the higheft Tower of the City,
"JZ^i'dt. Saint Lambert'' s. Vide Johann. Sieidan. Comment, lib. 10.
^. 207, 208. Francofurti. ad M^enum, T568. Chronic. Chronicor.
.icclefiaftic. lib. 2. p. 5£J3. Mezerays Hiji. of France, part 2.
J^. 598. Dupins Ecclef. H'Ji. of the 16^ cent. p. 182. Abridgement
ii'/Gerard Brand tV Hijiory of the Reformation of the Loav Countries,
rol I. p. 43. Alexander Rojfe's Vienjj of all Religions, 6^ edit.
j). 4 1. 1 . MiJJo7i's Ne^v Voyage to Italy, ^c. vol. i . p. 17.
\ Then John of Leyden, Noll, and all
■ Their gob ling gho/ily Train i

i Bra've Rebel Saints, triumphant foall
Begin tbf fecond Reign .

{Sir "John Birkenhead revivdf p. 35.)

? z f, 267,



228 nv D 1 B RA S.

And now fulfill' d by his SuccefTors,
Who equally miflook their Meafures :
For when they came to fhape the Models
Not one could fit another's Noddle ;

255 But found their Light and Gifts more wide
From Fadging, than th' Unfandify'd *,
While ev'ry individual Brother
Strove Hand to Fift againft another,
And flill the maddell, and moff crack't,

260 Were found the bufieft to tranfad 5

For though moll Hands difpatch apace.
And muke light Work (the Proverb fays \)
Yet many diff 'rent Intellefts
Are found t' have contrary Effe6ls ;

265 And many Heads t' obftrudl Intrigues,
As floweft Infers have mofl Legs.

Some were for fetting up a King, ^

But all the reft for no fuch thing,
Unlefs King J e fits : Others tamper' d

270 For Fleetwood^ Dejhorough^ and Lambert ;

f. 267, 268. Some ^ix;ere for fetti'ijg up a King^ — But all the ri^
for nofucb 'Thing. ^

Somefcr a King, and fame for none ; ■*'

And fome ha<ve Hankerings
'To mend the Common^uoealth, and make ,<;

And make an Empire of all Kings. "^

'Tale of the Cobler, and Vicar of Bray. Butler s Remains, p. 15^.

Harry Mariyn, in his Speech, in the Debate, TFhether a King
or no King ? faid, " That if they muft have a King, they ha<
•* rather have had the laft, than any Gentleman in England': H
*' found no Fault in his Perfon, but Office." [Walker s Hiforya
Independency^ part 2. i 50.)

3^.269. Unlefs King Jefus, b'r.] Alluding to the Fifth Mo
narchy Men, who had form'd a Plot to dethrone Crom-cvelli an<
fet up King Jefus. {Echard^^ Hijiory 0/^ England, vol. 2. p. 815.

C«fai



PART IIL CANTO II. 229

Some for the Rump, and fome more crafty,
I ^Qx Agitators, znd.ii\it Safety -y

C^far, not Chrift, the ancient Jews

Paid Tribute of their Treafure ;
Our Jews, no King, but Chrift nvill chufe,

And rob, and cry don^jn Csfar. ^, ^ ,^ ^ o .

[Mercurius Pragmaticus, N^ 6. May 9. 1648.)
But Se'ven Tears of a Thou/and 'tis

Our Saints muft Rulers be ; ^
For theyjhall lofe in Tears of Blifs

Nine Hundred Is inety-three ^

[Mercurius Pragmaticus, num. 8. See Sir J. Birkenhead re'vi<v d, p,

37')

But Overton mojlvjith Wonder doth feizeus,

Bv fecuring ofU'dWfor no lefs than Chrift Jeius :

Hoping [as it h; the Story appears)
; To be there his Lieutenant for one Thou/and Tears.

\(ArfyVerfy, St. 25. Colleaion of Loyal Songs, reprinted, 1 731,

vol. 2.N° 20.) . . . V^ , ^ ^ •

Tht Fifth Monarchy of Men publifhM their Tenets before Cr.^-
ot;^// arrived at his pitch of Grandeur, as appears from the twQ
following Tradts. ()Sf»^iw^.) , ; •

: The founding of the lajl Trumpet ; or fe-veral Vtftons declaring.
The uni'verfal O'verturning, and rooting up of all earthly Powers tn
England : With many other Things foretold, nx^hichjhall come to pafs
in this Tear 1650. Lately /henved unto George Forfter, nvho^vas
commanded to print them. Printed in the Year 165c.

^\ovCs approaching Glory, or the great and gorwus Day of the
lord King ]dm his Appearing: Before ^hom all the Kings of the
nations muft fall, and never rife again; ac ur at ely defer ibed ac~
c^'ding to the Prophets, Chrift, and his Apo files, in three and for^
SeEii^n^.-^y James Freze, Merchant ^^^^on ;^n^t^^ J^^ W..
Larnar-16^2. In 1654, John Spittlehoufe publilli d AVindtca^
tion of the Fifth Monarchy Men. In Anf^.er to a Speecn of O.
Crom^elfs in the painted Chamber, September 4, 1654. Mr.
Brid.i^ in his Dedication prefixed to a Thanfgi'ving Sermon be-
fore the Commons, May 1 7, 16^^. [^^^ Century of eminent Presby^

terian Preachers, p. 76.) exhorts them, " J.^ ^^^ ^'^^^ ^^ Xnh?
- lies, tobringtheblelied King-Jefus into his Throne of Inhe.
" ritance." See a further Account of their Principles , fi-om theu
printed Book intitled. The Standard. Mercuriu. Po^'^^^^^s num
358. p. 7742, &C. Ludlo-co's Memoirs, vol. z. p. 0-^4 "^^"^^'^
State Papers, vol 6 p. iS^ Sample Cobler fAg.W'.m in Ame.
rica, p. 19. Jle,.ander RoJ?s He^v of all Religions in the l^orld,^






]



230 HUDIBRAS.

Some for the Gofpel, and MaiTacres
Of Spiritual Affidavit -makers^

f, 269, 270.- "" Others tampered— Far Fleetwood,

Defborough, ^aW Lambert.] Fketnvood was a Lieutenant General^
he married Ireto^i's Widow, O. Crom^jceir^ eldeft Daughter, was
made Lord -Lieutenant of Ireland by Cro?nnvelly Major General of
diverfe Counties, one of Oli^ver's upper Houfe : His Salary fup-
pos'd to be 6600/. a Year. {Second Narrative of the late Parlia-
ment, fo calf d, 168. p. 14. penes me.)

f. 270. ' Desborough. ] A Yeoman of 60 or

70/. per Annum (Some fay a Plowman.) In a Tra6l, intitled,
A Brief Account of the Meeting, Proceedings, and Exit of the Com-
ptittee of Safety, London, 1659. [p. (). penes me.) Bennet fpeak-

ing to Desborough, fays, '* when your Lordfhip was a PIoiu-

man, and wore high Shoon Ha ! how the Lord raifeth fome

Men, and deprefleth others."

Janizary Defbrow then look'' d pale,
Forfaidhe. if this Rump pre'v ail,
'^Tivillblo^w me hack to my o'd Plo-jj-Tail.

Which no Body can deny.
{The Rump. A Song. Colle<^. of Loyal Songs. Vol. 2 p. 29.)
Dejborough married Crom^vjelPs Siller, call away his Spade, and
took up a Sword, and v/as made a Colonel, — was inilrumental in
raifmg Cromivell to the ProteBorfhip : Upon which he was made
one of his Council, a General at Sea, and Major General of di-
verfe Counties of the Well -, and was one oiOlinjers Upper Houfe,
{z^ Narratinje of the Parliafnent fo called, p. 15.) The Writer of
the Firji Nar rat I've of the Parliament fo called, obferves, p. 9 that
\i\^ annual \wZQm& was 3236/. 13/. ^d.

Mr. Butler, in his Parable of the Lion and Fox, (Remains.)^
girds him feverely in the following Lines.

Sass Defborough, for that his Name 'was.

Who afiernjjardsgre<vj 'very famous ;

And as his Neighbours all can tell,

Tth' Civil Wars <zvas Colonel:

Nay fame there be that 'v^nll not flick

To fay he *ifjas fo Politick ;

Or if you ivill, fo great a Rogue,

That nvhen Rebellion tvas in Vogue,

That he among the refl 'v:as one.

That dcQm''d the King to Murtyrdome.

(See his Name in the Lift of the Regicides. Walkers Hifory q}

independency, part. 2. p. 103. And a further Account o'i hiiB(

Thurloe^, State Papers, vol. 7. p. 823.)

Ibid. /f«</ Lambert ] Lamhard in the firft edifc

1678, altered 16S4. K^ was one of the Ru?np Cmerals, and 1

principa



PART III. CANTO II. 231

275 That fwore to any human Regence,
Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance :
Yea, though the ablefl fwearing Saint,
That vouch'd the Bulls o' th' Covenant :



principal Oppofer of General Monk, in the Reftoration of King
Charles the Second, ( Echard's Hijiory of England, vol. z. p. 872.)
The Writer of the Narrati've of the late Parliament Jo calVd,
1657. p. 9. obferves, That Major General Lambert, as one of
0//-x'^r's Coancil, had loooL per ann. which with his other Places,
in all amounted to 6^1 2I. ^s. ^d.

■ f. 472. For Agitators, &c.] In 1 647. (fee Echard's Hijlory of
Bngland, vol. 2. p. 569 ) the Army made Choice of afet Num
ber of Oihcers, which they cali'd, the General Council of Offi-
cers ; and the common Soldiers made Choice of three or four of
each Regiment, moftly Corporals and Serjeants, who were cali'd
by the Name of Agitators, and were to be a Houfe of Commons to
the Council of Officers : Thefe drew up a Declaration, that they
would not be dilbanded, till their Arrears were paid, and a full
Provifion made for Liberty of Confcience.

Mr. Butler, in a ludicrous Speech, which he makes for the
'£j2ix\QiPe7nhroke, (Remains, p. 266.) has the following Words :
*' 1 perceive your Lordfhips think better of me, and would ac-

** quit me, if I was not charged by the Agitators. 'Sdeath,

** what's that ! who ever heard the Word before ! I underlland
*' ClaJJical, Provincial, Congregational, National. But for Agi~



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