Samuel Butler.

Hudibras : in three parts, written in the time of the late wars: (Volume 2) online

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To make an honourable Retreat,

And wave a total fure Defeat :

For thofe that fly may fight again.

Which he can never do that's (lain.
245 Hence timely Running's no mean Part

Of Condud, in the martial Art ;

]^. 243. Tor thofe that fly may fight again.'] A Saying oi De-
mofihenes, who fled from Fhilip of Macedon, when he obtained a
great Vidory over the Athenians at Cheronaa^ a Village of Bao-
tia, and being reproach'd for it, he made the following Anfwer.
'Av>9^, inquit, (pivyuv, — Yloiy^tv jM,a%>5V£]«t. Julii Gellii No^. Attic.
lib. 17. 21. See a farther Account of the Cowardife of Demojlhe ■
Ties. Diodari SicuUBibliothec.^. -^^o. " Be pacified, (fays the
Curate to "Don fixate, upon one of his Mifad ventures, vol. i.
p. 56.) " Fortune may have yet better Succefs in Referve for
*' you; and they who lofe to-day may win to morrow." Of
DemoJihenes''s Opinion was the cowardly Soldier, (fee V EJirange%
Fables, part 2. fab. 59.) " who being tried by a Council of War,
'* for Conxjardifey pleaded for himfelf, that he did not run away
*' for fear of the Enemy ; but only to try how long a paultry
** Carcafe might laft a Man with good Looking to."

From this faying of Demo/lhenes, the Italians might probably
borrow their following Proverb.

Emaglio che ftdieu, qui fuggi, che qui mort. " It*s better it
*' fhould be faid. Here he run away, than Here he was flain."
Sele^ Pro'verbs. Italian London^ 1707. p. 12.

jr. 245, 246, 247. Hence timely Running's no mean Part — Of
Condu^ in the Martial Art ; By ^which fame glorious Feats at-

fhieve-l



PART III. CANTO III. 341

By which fome glorious Feats Atchievc,

As Citizens, by breaking, thrive ;

And Cannons conquer Armies, while
250 They feem to draw off and recoil ;

Is held the gallantefl Courfe, and bravefl.

To great Exploits, as well as fafeft ;
; That fpares th' Expence of Time and Pains,

And dangerous beating out of Brains :
255 And in the End prevails as certain

As thofe that never truft to Fortune :

But make their Fear do Execution

Beyond the ftouteft R efolution ;

As Earthquakes kill without a Blow,
■ 260 And, only trembling, overthrow.

If th' Ancients crown' d their bravell Men,

That only fav'd a Citizen,

chiew.l See Note on Part i. and Canto 3. ^r, 607, 608, ^c. An
Account of Mark Anthony"^ brave Retreat from his Parthian Ex-
pedition. {Le^jjis's Hijiory of the Parthian Empire, p. 161.)

A prudent Chief y not alavays muji difplay

His Ponverj in equal Rank, and fair Array ;

But njoith ty Occajion, and the Place comply,
<* Conceal his Force ^ may feem fometimes to fly.

thofe oft are Stratagems^ nuhich Err ours feem.

Nor is it Homer nods, buh <voe that Dream.

(Mr. Po/»^'s Effay on Criticifm.)
^. 261, 262. If tP Ancients cro^nd their braveji Men, — That
9n^ faii'd a Citizen J\ The Corona Ci'uica was given to any Soldier,
that had in Battle fav'd the Life of a Roman Citizen, by killing
at the fame Time an Enemy ; and though it was compos'd of
''■ no better Materials than Oaken Boughs, yet it was efteem'd more
honourable than any other Crown. Virgil calls it, Civilis ^ler-
cusy jEn. 6. 771, 772.

. Qlji juvenes, quantas oftentant, afpice vires :

At qui umbrata gerunt Civili Tempora ^ercu.
See an Account of the Honours, conferrM on thofe Perfons that
had merited it. (Antiquity explain d, by Montfaucon, vol. 4.
part. I. chap, 7. p. 106. Dr. Kennet''s Antiquities o/' Rome,
lipart. 2. chap. 16. Dr. Middletons Life of Cicero, vol. i. quar-
to edit. p. 47, 48. Vid. etiam Auli Gellii NoSi. Attic, lib. 5.
cap. 6. Reufneri Symbol. Imperator, claiT, i.fymbol. 27. p. 36.)

i ^ Y 3 ^. 271,



342 HUDIBRAS.

What Vidory could e'er be won.
If ev'ry one would fave but one?

26^ Or Fight indanger'd to be loft.
Where all refolve to fave the moft ?
By this Means, when a Battle's won.
The War's as far from being done :
For thofe that fave themfelves, and fly,

270 Go Halves, at leaft, i' th' Vidory ;
And fometime, when the Lofs is fmall.
And Danger great, they challenge all ^
Print new Additions to their Feats,
And Emendations in Gazets j

275 And when, for furious Hafte to run.
They durft not ftay to fire a Gun,
Have doH'twith Bonefires, and at Home
Made Squibs and Crackers overcome :

f. 271. And fomethnet njohen the Lofs is fmall, &c.] After a
Battle, the Rebels, if they found their Lofs was fmall, they re,
prefented it to the People as a great Vidory gain'd, and made
Eonefires, and appointed a publick Thankfgiving for it; by
which they kept up the Spirit of the Party. (Dr. B,)

f. 274. And Emetidations in Gazets] I don't remember to have
met with any fuch Paper printed in thofe rebellious Times;
though there was a Paper with that Title early in the Rejgn of
King James the Firll, as appears from John Donne's Verfes upon
ff. Cory at' s Crudities^ publillfd 161 1.

Munfler did To<zvnSf and Gefner Authors Jhe^w,

Mount no'vj T^o Gallo Belgicus appear ^

As deep a iitatefman, as a Gazeteer.
See likewifc R. Riecomontanus''s Verfes upon the Crudities.

The Gazettes began firll: to be regularly printed in King
Charles the Second's Time, in the Year 1665, the Year of the
Plague: The firil Number dated NQvemher J. 1665, There is a
complete Colledion of Gazettes from that Time, to December 30,
1703. in thirteen Volumes folio, in Mr. Pepys'^s Library in Mag-'
dalen College Cambridge : in Lord Oxford's Library, a complete
Set to the Year 1739. i^clufive, in Thirty-four Volumes. Cat.
^ibliothec. Harleian. vol. 2. p. 740. See the Etymology. Jar.ii
J^tjmoh Anglican,



[-'



PART III. CANTO III. 343

To fet the Rabble on a Flame,
280 And keep their Governors from Blame,
Difperfe the News, the Pulpit tells,
Confirm'd with Fire-works, and with Bells ^
And though reduc'd to that Extreme,
They have been forc'd to fing Te Demn ;
22 § Yet, with rehgious Blafphemy,
By flattering Heaven with a Lie ;

jir. 2 84. They hwve been forced to ftngTer'Dtam.^ This they
frequently did, though beaten And it was their Cuftom like-
wife to fing a Pfalm before an Engagement : To which Mr. Cot-
ton (Virgil. 7ra - veftie, b. 4. p. 146.) compares the difmal Rowl-
ings of Queen Dido'^s Domeftics, when they difcover'd that Ihe
had hano'd herfelf.

o

E'ven like unto the difmal Tonvl,

When Trijiful Dogs at Midnight honul'.

Or like the Dirges that through No/e,

HuniTti'dout to damp their Pagan Fees,

When holy Roundheads go to Batky

V/ithfuch a Tell did Carthage rattle.
We know it has been cuilomary in other Nations upon an Ima-
ginary Vidory, nay, fometimes a Defeat, to fmg Te Deum Mah-
viut ridicules this Cuftom among Chrijiians, in a remarkable Man-
ner, and with a feeming Juftnefs. " I have been (fays he!' at a
•• Ceremony which I am willing to fee often, to gre an Account
" of it in my Letters : 'Tis the TV Deum, which Chrijiian Prin-
*' ces caufe to be fung in their Churches, on the gaining any
*' confiderable Advantage over their Enemies : Whic.i Te Deum^
i** is a Hymn compofed by two of their Saints, to wit, . mbrofe
** and /^ufiin. When xhQ French beat the Spaniards, they fmg
*• the Te Deum ; and when ihcfe vanquiili their Enemies, they da
" the fame. Thefe two Nations do the Duty of the MuJJuimcny
*' in deiboying one another ; and when this is done, they give
** God Thanks for the Evil they had commitced.'*

(Turkijh Sp\, vol. I. p. 5.)
it. 286. By flattering Hea^-en nxiith a Lie.] There are many la-
ft^nces of this Kind upon Record. " You mock'd (iud (ia/s
" the Author of a Letter fent to l^ow^OTi from a Spy at Oxford—.
*• p. 10.) in your publick Thankfgivingsfor your invifib.c Vic-
•? tories, when you were publickly beaten : As ac Edge Hill ^
** when you and the Sazv-pit Lord (viz. Philip Lord Whart.ny
•* who hid himfelf in a Sa-i.\>-pit.) with (ome others, did make
^ People believe Lies, on Parpofe tt? gull them of their Monies.'*



344 HU D I B RA S.

And for their Beating, giving Thanks,

Th' have rais'd Recruits, and fill'd their Banks;

f. 287. And for their Beating gi'ving Thanks.'] Mr. Walker
(Hiflory of hdepenJenc), part 2. p. 17:;.) gives a remarkable In-
fiance of this Kind. " Popham (fays he^ was trie Man who on
** the 4 of June^ 1649, g^ve a difmal Relation to the High
** And Mighty States at Whitehall, of his ill Saccefs in tampering
•* with the Governor of Kingfaky (in Jrelatid; u ho being ho-
^* nefter than the Saints expected, took a Sam of IVJoney of him
*' to betray the Town, and tort, and Ships in the Road: But
** when fepham came into the Road, 'o take Poiiellion of his
** new Purchafe, gave him fuch a Gunpov\der Welcome that he
** loft mcft of his Men landed to take Liver) and ^elfin ; and
** divers Ships. He was commanded to conceal the ill News,
*^ and make a different Report to the / leheians of the Commons
** Houfe, of his Succefs, <jfc. (fee Whitelock's Memorials, p. 406.
*' 2^ edit.) which occafioned an Order tne 15'- of Juney That
*' for this remarkable additional Mercy, beftow'd upon them, in
*' the profperous Succefs given to their Fleet at Sea, upon Thurf-
** day next, the Day fet apart for Thankfgiving, their Pvlinifters
•* fhould praife God." ** Lord, (fays Mr. H alker fince thefe
** audacious Saints are fo thankful to Thee for one Beating, be-
*' flow many more Beatings upon them, for they deferve all thy
'* Corrections." (See like wife Hijiory of Independency y firftpart,
p. 86.)

Nay^ to the Almightf s Self they ha^ve been hold
To lie, and their Blafphemous Minijier told,

They might fay falfe to God, for if they ivere

Beaten, He kne^xv't not, for he ivas not there.

But, God, ivho their great Thankfulnef did fee,

Reivard thetn frai^hf nvith another Victory !

yuji fuch a one as Brainsford and Sans doubt,

Will'weary ert be long their Gratitude out,

(Mr. Co'vjleys, Puritan and Papijl, p. I, 2.)

But Oh! your Faith is mighty, that has been.

As true Faith ought to he, cf 1[hings unfeen.

At Worc'ller, Brainsford, and Edge-hill njce fee

Only by Faith, j)' ha've got the Victory.

Such is your Faith, end fo?ne fuch unfeen Way,

The pitblick Faith at laji your Debts iiillpay, (Id. lb. p. 3.)
See more p. 8.
Ai Keinton, Brainsford, Plymouth, York,
And divers Places Jnore^

What Victories voe Saints obtain,
*Ihe like ne^erfeen before:



PART III. CANTO III. 345

For thofe who run from th' Enemy,
2^0 Engage them equally to fly ;

And when the Fight becomes a Chace,

Thofe win the Day, that win the Race ;

And that which would not pafs in Fights,

Has done the Feat with eafy Flights ;
295 Recover'd many a defp'rate Campaign

With Burdeaux, Burgundy, and Chmnpaign i

Reftor'd the fainting High and Mighty

With Brandy- Wine, and Aqua-vita ;

And made 'em floutly overcome
300 With Bacrack, Hoccamore, and Mum;

Whom the uncontroul'd Decrees of Fate

To Vidlory necelTicate \

With which, although they run or burn.

They unavoidably return :
305 Or elfe their Sultan Populaces

Still ftrande all their routed BalTa's.



Honx) often ive Prince Rupert killed,

Andbraijely ^juon the Day ;
7he ^cked Cat'aliers did run
The quite contrary Way.
{On Colonel Venn's Encouragement to his Soldiers. Collegian of
Lojal Songs, republifh'd 1731. vol. i. N'' 42. p. 105.)

S . 289, 290- For thofe '^who run from th'* Enemy — Engage them
equally to fy.'\ Of this Opinion, probably, was that humorous
Traveller, who, relating fome of his Adventures, told the Com-
pany, That he and his Servant made fifty ^jild Arabians run :
which ftartling themj he obferv'd, that there was no great Mat-
ter in it ; for (fays he) we run, and they ran after us.

f. 300. With Bacrack"] Or Baccharack. A Wine from Bachi-
ara, a Town on the Rhine, upon the Palatinate: Whence it has
it's Name. Baily. Bacrach, edit. 1684.. and foUowmg Editi-
ons.

lb. Hoccamore.'] Old Hock. ASovt o^ RheniJ&

Wine, fo caird from the Village of Hockheim on the Maine, op-
pofite to Mentz. Baily.

f. 305. Or elfe /y^^/r Sultan Populaces, l^c] * The Author
compares the arbitrary A^dings of the ungovernable Mob, to the

Sultan



346 HVDIBRAS.

Quotli Hudihras^ I underftand
What Fights thou mean'fb at Sea and Land,
And who thofe were that run away,
310 And yet gave out th' had won the Day ;

Suliafz or Grand Seignior, who very feldom fails to facriiice any
of his chief Commanders, cali'd Bajfas, if they prove unfuccelT-
full in Battle." See Knonjoles'^, and Sir Paul Rye aut'^, Hijiories of
the Turks j and Mr. Fentons Obftrnjatious on fome of Walltr''%
Poems, p. 70.

;?■. 3 09 , 310, And ivho thofe <were that run a^joay, — And yet gave
out tK had njoon the Day] Alluding probably to Sir Wtlliam
Wallers Defeat at Roundnjoay Do^jne : Which the Soldiers ever
after calPd Runanjjay Donjjne. Mv. Whitelock makes the Rout to
be occafion'd by a panic Fear in the Parliament Horfe. But Lord
Hollis charges it upon the Unfkilfulnefs and Cowardice of Sir Ar-
thur HaJIerig: It gave Occafion for much Rejoicing and pleafant
Raillery among the Ca^vane'^-i and Cleveland thus plays upon
both thofe Commanders. (Charadier of a London Diurnal.)
*' This is the Id'illiam, who is the City's Champion, and the
" DiurnaPs Delight. Yet in all this Triumph, tranflate the
*' Scene but to R^Qundway Donvne, there Plajlerig's Lobfters (fee
•* Reafon why fo calPd, Echard\ Hifiory 0/ England, vol.2.
** p. 418.) were turned into Crabs, and crawl'd backwards—
*' There poor Sir William ran to his Lady for a Ufe of Conibla-
" tion,"

4^/^ William at R.unaway Downe had a hout^
Which him and his Lobjiers, did totally rout.
And his Lady the Conqueror could not help h.m out.
Which no Body can deny,
[The Rump Carbonado' d. Collection of Loyal Songs, vol. 2. N^ 26.)

Mr. Whitelackc fays {Memorials, p. 70.) That Waller polled
up to London, and by his Prefence, filenced Invetftives againft him.

And the Author of the Letter from a Spy at Oxford, (p. 8.)
fpeaking of Sir William Waller, at Runavoay Donvne : or Round-
head Dozvne- {rz he calls it) fays. Brave William had a Beat-
'* ing with a Witnefs, being totally routed by Prince Maurice,
** and Sir John Byron. (And this was the twelfth Conqueft, which
" made up the Conqueror's brown Dozen in Number, compared
" to the twelve Labours of Hercules,) — V or thefe great Vidtories
** fo happily gain'd, by this old beaten conquering Commander,
** he was pompoufly receiv'd into London, with little lefs than a
*' Roman Triumph, on Tue/day the 25^ Ox July: The Lord
" Mayer s Shovj was nothing to it; there wanted nothing but
*' t)\cGalle}-foiJ}, and then all had been near complete The
*' People fwarm'd about him like Qaterp-lUni every one ghu-

** te4



PART III. CANTO III. 347

Although the Rabble fouc'd them for't.

O'er Head and Ears in Mud and Dirt.

'Tis true, our modern Way of War

Is grown more politick by far,
3 1 5 But not fo rcfolute, and bold.

Nor ty'd to Honour, as the old.

For now they laugh at giving Battle,

Unlefs it be to Herds of Cattle ;

Or fighting Convoys of Provifion,
320 The whole Defign o' the Expedition ;

And not with downright Blows to rout

The Enemy, but eat them out :

As Fighting, in all Beafts of Prey,

And Eating, are perform' d one Way j
325 To give Defiance to their Teeth,

And fight their ftubborn Guts to Death ;

And thofe atchieve the high'il Renown,

That bring the other Stomachs down.

There's now no Fear of Wounds, nor Maiming^
330 All Dangers are reduc'd to Famine-,

And Feats of Arms, to Plot, Defign,

Surprize, and Stratagem, and Mine:

But have no Need, nor Ufe of Courage,

Unlefs it be for Glory, or Forage :



** ted thdr Eyes in gazing on this conquered Agamemnon: and a
" thoufand Voices cry'd, A Waller ^ A Waller V Upon which
he remarks, p. lo. " Thus you mockM God, the King, and
** the People ; and by this Means you have caufed Pagan and
** Heathen Idolatry to be committed. Firil, To Bacchus there
•* hath been offer'd Hundreds of Hecatombs of Health, and Ca-
*' roufes : and. Secondly, Your Burnt- Sacriiices to Vulcan, have
** been innumerably blaz'd in Bonefires, Fire and Fagots, Guns,
** Flame, Pipe and Smoke."

f, 328. ■ 'The other's Stomachs.} Edit. 1700. and fol-

lowing ones.



348 BUDIBRAS.

SS5 For if they fight, 'tis but by Chance,
When one Side vent'ring to advance.
And come uncivilly too near.
Are charg'd unnnercifully i' th' Rere ;
And forc'd, with terrible Refiftance,

340 To keep hereafter at a Diflance,

To pick out Ground to incamp upon,
"Where Store of largefl Rivers run.
That ferve, inftead of peaceful Barriers,
To part th' Engagements of their \Yarriors :

345 Where both from Side to Side may ildp.
And only encounter at Bo-peep :
For Men are found the ftouter-hearted.
The certainer th' are to be parted ;
And therefore poft themfelves in Bogs,

350 As th' ancient Mice attack'd the Frogs •,
And make their mortal Enemy,
The Water-Rcit their flrid Ally.
For 'tis not now, who's flout and bold?
But who bears Hunger befl, and Cold ?

355 And he's approv'd the moil deferving.
Who longefl can hold out at Starving :

'^' 347» 34^' ^or Men are found the ftouter-hearted f'-^The cer-
tainer th'' are to he farted.'] See Montaigne''^ ^Jf^y^y vol. 2. chap.
2. b. 16. p. 450, &c. SpeSIator, N^ 131.

f. 350. /4s th'' ancient Mice attack'd //^^ Frogs.] * Homer v/iote
a Poem of the War between the Mice and the Frogs.'''

3^« 35^5 352. Jnd made their mortal Enemy ^■^-T^he Water-Rat,
their ft rid Ally.'] Meaning the Dutch, who feem'd to favour the
Parliamentarians . (Mr. W.)

^' 355» 35^' -^"^ ^^^^ appro'v'd the moft defer<ving,—=-Who longeft
can hold out at Starring.] An Ordinance was pafs'd March 26,
1644. for the Contribution of one Meal a Week towards the
Charge of the Army. Remarkable was the Cafe of Cecily de
Rygeivay, indifted in the 3 ill of Edivard the Third, A. D. i 347,
for the Murder of her Hafband; who refufmg to plead, was ad-
judged at laft to /aft forty Days together in clofe Frifon, without
Meat or Drink j which Ihe did. See the Record in Proof, Hiftory



PART III. CANTO III. 349

And he that routs moft Pigs and Cows,
The formidableft Man of Prowefs.
So th' Emperor Caligula^

j6o That triumph' d o'er the Britijh Sea,
Took Crabs and Oyflers Prifoners,
And Lobflers, '{lead of Cuirafiers ;
Engag'd his Legions in fierce Bufcles,
"With Periwinkles, Prawns, and Mufcles ;

365 And led his Troops with furious Gallops,
To charge whole Regiments of Scallops ;



of the mofl remarkable 7'rtals of Great Britain, in Capital Cafes,
publifh'd 1705. p. 52, 53. Dr. Plot [Eifiory of Staffordfhire,
chap. 8. fed. 47, 48.) has given this with two other remarkable
Inftances of this Kind j namely, of William Francis, who wil-
fully failed fourteen Days, being melancholy mad ; and of fcbn
Scot, a Scotchman, who abftain'd from Meat thirty or forty Days.
Others have carried this Point much further, and their Accounts
greatly exceed Belief.

'^ icus Mirandula mentions (from Roger Bacon) two Englijb
Women : one who fafted twenty Years, and the other forty. (Jo.
Fra. Pici Mirandula de Rer. pranotione, lib. 3. To. 2. Op. Bafi-
ka.) See more Inftances, Jo. Fra. Pici Mirandul<e Exam, de
Do^rin. Vanitat. Gentiu7n, lib. 2. To. 2. p. 565. jEgidii Me-
tiagii Obiernjat. in Diogen. Laert. lib. 2. fe^m. 143. See the Life
of Martha Taylor, ^ho lived one Year 'vAthout the Ufe of Meat or
Drink, 8*^, 1569. Catalog. Bibliothec. Harleian. vol. 2. p. 596.
N° 9763. And Reynolds's Difcour/e upon the prodigious Ahfinence
occafion d by the tnjoehe Months Fafiing of Martha Taylor, the fa-
mous Derbyftiire Damojel, 1669. Id. lb. p. 918. N° 14223,
Derham's . hyfco-Theology, book 4. chap. 11. p. 211, 212. 7^
edit. An Account of a Woman who had lain fix Days cover'd
with Snow, without receiving any Nourilliment, Philofophical
TranfaBions, vol. 28. for the Year 171 3. p. 265, &c. And a
Copy of an Jffida'vit made in Scotland, concerning a Boy's living a
confiderable Time without Food. Philofophical franfaclions, voL
31. num. 361. p. 29.

f. 3 eg. Soth" Emperor Csihguh.l See an Account of this fa-
mous Expedition, in Suetonius. Caligul. lib. 4. cap. 46. Echard'%
Roman Hiftory, vol. 2. p. 98, 99. Rapins Hijlory of England,
Translated by Mr. Tyndal; Folio edit. vol. i. p. 12.

^' 3 "^9.



350 HUDIBRAS.

Not like their ancient Way of War,

To wait on his triumphal Carr :

But when he went to dine or fup,
370 More bravely eat his Captives up ;

And left all War, by his Example,

Reduc'd to vidt'ling of a Camp well.
Quoth Ralphs By all that you have faid.

And twice as much that I cou'd add,
375 'Tis plain, you cannot now do worfe.

Than take this out-of-fafhion'd Courfe ;

To hope, by Stratagem, to woo her.

Or waging Battle to fubdue her :

Though fome have done it in Romances,
380 And bang'd them into amorous Fancies ;

"jr. 369, 370. Butnvhen he njoent to dine or fup, — More bra'vely
eat his Capti'ves up.'] The Courage of many of the Heroes of thofe
Times, confifted in their Teeth. Sir William Brereton, the fa-
mous Chejhire Knight, is thus charafteriz'd by Mr. Clenjeland^
(Chara^er 0/ a London Diurnal, Works 1677. p. 118.) "Was
** Brereton (fays he) to fight with his Teeth, as he in all other
*' Things refembles the Beaft, he would have Odds of any Man
" at this Weapon. Oh! he's a terrible Slaughter Man at a
" Thankfgiving Dinner. Had he been C^zk«/^<?/ enough to have
" eaten thofe he vanquifli'd, his Gut would have made him va-
" liant.'*

Will. Brereton'j a Sinner,

And Croyden kno<vjs a Winner ;

Bui O take heed left he do eat

The Rump all at 07ie Dinner.
(Loyal Songs, vol.2, p. 55. See a further Charafter of him, Mr.
Carte'' ^ Life 0/ the Duke <?/* Ormonde, vol. i. p. 471. Impartial
Examination of Mr. Neal'j 4" vol. oi the Hijiory of the Puritans,

P- 45-)

A Man of Stomach of the next Deal

Was hungry Colo7iel Cobbet,

IVho njoould eat at one Meal

A Common<zvealth,

And make a foint but a Gobbet.

ColleJlion of Loyal Songs, vol. 2. p. 157.

■J' 383*



3S



PART III. CANTO III. 351

As thofe who won the Amazons^
By wanton drubbing of their Bones :
And ftout Rinaldo gain'd his Bride,
By courting of her Back and Side.
But fmce thofe Times and Feats are over.
They are not for a modern Lover -,
When MiilreiTes are too crofs-grain'd.
By fuch AddreiTes to be gain'd :
And if they were, wou'd have it out,
390 With many other Kind of Bout.

Therefore I hold no Courfe f ' infeafible.
As this of Force to win the Jezahel ;



3^. 3^3,384. And flout ^\n?L\^0 gain d his Bride, — By ccurtin^
ef her Back aj:d Side.'] * A Story in Tajfh, an lfalia?iVo^t, of a
Hero that gain'd his Miftrefs by conquering her Party."

This Account is not literally true of Rinaldo, one of the prin-
cipal Heroes, concerned in the Siege of Jerufalem, againll the
Infidel Saracens, Armida, a beautiful Queen, was in Love with
him, and had by Magic engaged his AfFeftions. But when by
the Affiilance of his Friends, he broke loofe from her Snares, and
left her : Ihe vow'd Revenge, and ofler'd to marry any one of
thofe Pagan Princes, who came to Saladins AfTiiiance, provided
they could take off Ri?ialdo in Battle. (Though fhe ftill retained
a fecret Affedion for him.) But when he had ilain with his
own Hand all thole Princes, who had ralhly undertaken his
Death, fhe fled from him with a Defign of taking away her own
Life; but he purfu'd and prevented it ; and his Love re-kind!ed
by her heavy Complaints againft him : and when fne had given
them Vent, in the moil moving and paflionate Terms : he con-
vinc'd her that his Affeftion for her was as flrong as ever, which
brought about a Reconciliation. (Fairfax'^ Godfrey of Bulloignt^
book 20. St. 128, 129, 150, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136.
p. 650, 651, 652. See Mr. Fenton% Waller, 1729. p. 278. Oh-
■JernjatioKs, p. 83. Spedator, N*^ 14.)

This fuits as well with what Shakefpear mentions oi The feus and
Hippo lyt a \m\i\s Midfummer Night" s Dream, vol. I. p. 79.) The-



ius fpeaks to Hippoixta in the following Manner. *' Hippol)ta, I
•* v/oo'd thee with my Sword, and won thy Love, doing thee
** Injuries : But I will wed thee in another Key, with Pomp,
** with Triumph, and v/ith Revelling." (See Biflory of the De ■
firuSion of Txoy ^ 2 book, chap. 14.)

f. 401.



352 HVDIBRAS.

To ftorm her Heart, by th' antick Charms

Of Ladies Errant, Force of Arms ;
•95 But rather flrive by Law to win her.

And try the Title you have in her.

Your Cafe is clear, you have her Word,

And me to witnefs the Accord ;

Befides two more of her Retinue
400 To teftify what pafs'd between you ;

More probable, and like to hold.

Than Hand, or Seal, or breaking Gold ;



Online LibrarySamuel ButlerHudibras : in three parts, written in the time of the late wars: (Volume 2) → online text (page 29 of 35)