Samuel Butler.

Hudibras : in three parts, written in the time of the late wars: (Volume 2) online

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** Month of Blank next enfuing, under the Penalty and Forfeiture
" of Blank.

Tour Blanks are ancient num'^rous Folks ;
There"" s John a Styles, and fohn a Nokes,
There"* s Dajh fcribendo, and hiatus
And innuendo, that points at us ;
Eke fo, d'ye fee, as 1 may fay.
And fo forth, and i5f c/^tera.

On the Family of the Blanks, Mifcellaneous Poems, publifhed

by D. Leivi', 1730. p. 289.

f. 235, 236. His Bus'nefs nuas to pump and ivheedle, — And

Men ivith their oiAjn Keys unriddle.'] We have in this Age been

pefler'd with Sidrophels and Whachums, who were arrived at a

greater



PART II. CANTO III. .$

To make them to themfelves give Anfwers,

For which they pay the Necromancers ^

To fetch and carry Intelligence^
340 Of whom, and what, and where, and whence.

And all Difcoveries difperfe

Among th' whole Pack of Conjurers ;

What Cut-purfes have left with them.

For the right Owners to redeem :
345 And what they dare not vent, find out.

To gain themfelves, and th' Art Repute ;

Draw Figures^ Schemes^ and Horofcopes,

Of Newgate, Bridewell, Brokers Shops,

Of Thieves afcendant in the Cart ;
350 And find out all by Rules of Art :

Which Way a Serving-man, that's run

With Cloaths or Money away, is gone ;

greater Height of jugling and Cheating than thofe in Hudihras^s
Time were : To prove this, I fliall only give the Reader the Device
of a Sidrophel in Moor-jields^ as related by the Spectator, (numb.
" 193O The Doctor having gained much Reputation by his /^'o-
" rary FrediSiions^ is faid to have had in his Parlour different Ropes
*' to little Bells, - which hung in a Room above Stairs, where the
" Doftor thought fit to be oraculous. If a Girl had been deceived
** by a Lover, one Bell was pulled ; and if a Peafant had loft 7.
** Cow, the Servant rang another. This Method was kept in re-
" fpeft to all other Paffions and Concerns -, and the fkilful Waiter
" below fifted the Enquirer, and gave the Do6lor Notice ac-
" cordingly." (Mr. B.)

See an Account of the League between Stephen Baylor and one
Tope, the one to fteal Horfes, and the other to difcover them.
AbfiraSl of Scot'^s Hiji. of Witchcraft. B fit ijh Librarian, numb.
4, for September, 1737. p. 223, And an Account of a Calabrian
Afirologer and Fhyfician, T!'urkijh Spy^ vol. 6. book 2. Letter 19.

3^. 347, 34S. Draifj Figures, Schemes, and Horofcopes, — Of
Ne-iugate, Bridivell, Brokers Shops,'] See this Piece of Grimace
in Aftrologers, expofed by Ben Johnfon^ Jlchymif) adt. i. fc. 3. p.
537'

C 2 if, 353.



36 H U D I B R A S.

Who pick'd a Fol? at Holding-forth^
And where a Watch^ for half the Worth
255 May be redeem'd ; or floleii Plate
Reftor'd at confcionable Rate.

if. 353. Who pick'' da Fob at Hoiding-forth,']
Nig. At Plays, and at Sermons, and at the SeJJions,

'Tis daily their FraBice Juch Booty to make ;

Yea^ under the Gallonvs, at Executions,

Theyjiick not the Stareabouts Purfes to take :

Nay one ^without Grace

At a better Place,

At Court, and in Chri/lmas, before the King's Face ;

Alas then for Pity, mujl I bear the Curfe

Ihat only belongs to the cunning Cut purfe.

Benjohnjons Bartholomeiv Fair ^di. 3. fc ^.
A French Poet obferves of a Jefuit, that he will pick year
Pocket in the Middle of his Pater nojier. (Sir Roger /' E(irange\
PefleSlion upon the Fable of a Cat and Venus, part i . fable 6 [ .)
And a Pick pocket obferving that the Times were pretty difficult,
faid, " The Lord be praiied for it, the Churches are pretty full
" Hill." (VEJirange's Fables, part 2. fab. 29.) The Author of the
7ale of a Tub gives us a Reafon why the Preaching of the Dif-
fenters is called holding-forth (p. 212;) fpeaking of the Preachers
of thofe Times, he fays " That the devout Sifters, who looked
" upon all Dilatations of the Ear as Protrufions of Zeal, of fpi-
*' ritual Excrefcences, were fure to honour t\txy Head they fat
'* upon, as if they had been cloven Tongues : But efpecially that
" of the Preachers, whofe Ears were ufually of the prime Magni-
** tude, which upon that Account he was frequent in expofing
" with all the Advantages to the People : in his rhetorical Pa-
** roxyfms turning fometimes to hold forth the on:, and fometimes
*' to hold forth the other. From which Cuftom, the whole Opera-
^* tion of Preaching is to this very Day, among their ProfefTors,
** ftyled by the Phrafe of //(?/^/V-/or/^." Mr. C/fa'^/^»</ obferves
(Chara^er of a Diurnal-maker, Works, 1677. p. 108,) ** That
** in the Gibberifli of the Saints of thofe Times, a Hinter difFer-
** ed from a Holder forth.""

f' 355» 356.— or folen Plate— Peftord at confcionable Rate.'\
In 1655 ^^'^b ^^'^5 indicled at Hickes' s-Hall for giving Judgment
for a Reward upon ftolen Goods, but acquitted. See Hijiory of
his Life, p. 71. and the Indiflment, p. 115. General Hijiorical,
DiSiionary, vol. 7. p. 85.)

John Taylor obferves (Figure- finger. Works, p. 13.) that thefe
Gentlemen were ufually paid, whether they recovered the ftolen
Goods or not :



PART II. CANTO III. 37

Befide all this, he ferv'd his Mafter

In quality of Poetafter :

And Rhymes appropriate could make

360 To ev'ry Month i' th' Almanack ;
When 'Terms begin and end could tell,
With their Returns in Doggerel:
When the Excheqiier opes and fhuts.
And Sowgelder with Safety cuts •,

^6^ When Men may eat and drink their Fill,
And when be temip'rate if they will -,
When ufe, and when abftain from Vice^
Figs, Grapes, Phlebotomy, and Spce. .,

If lofi Goods you wjould fain ha<ve got.

Go but to him^ and you fhall fpeed or not.

But he ijjrll gain^ Hjchether you get or lofe^

he'' II hanje his Fee^ forfo the Bargain goes,
jf. 359, 360. And Rhymes appropriate could make — To e<v'ry
Month V th'' Almanack ;] A Sneer probably upon John Booker,
who, as Lilly obferves, (lee Hifory of his oivn Life, p. z'S,.) made
*' excellent Verfes upon the twelve Months, framed according
" to the Configurations of each.""

f. 368. — Phlebotomy ] Though this Word, which figni£es no
more than letting blood, is generally underftood ; yet i'ome may
pofTibly miftake the Meaning of it, as did Mr. Lo'velight (Plain
Dealer^ vol. i. numb. 27. p. 210.) of whom Mrs Latitia Love-
light, his Wife, gives the following Account: *' We came to
*' town (fays ilie) the laft Week, where my poor Dear drank
** hard, and fell fo ill that I was alarm'd for him — The Lady
" whofe Houfe we lodged at, would needs fend for Dr. FoffJe, a
** Man of excellent Learning, but, to borrow a Phrafe of bhake-
*' ffear^t It is feck?ied o<ver ^vith Affe Station. When he had felt
" my Husband's Pulfe, and gone through a Courfe of Quellions,
" he turned from whifpering Mr Juniper, who was in waiting,
" and faid to me with 2. phyf.cal Air, not the Air of a Phyfician
" —Maam, I have ordered Mr. what^s his Name, your Spouze's
** Apothecary, to phlebotomize h.\m To-morrow Morning. — To
** do what with me ? cry'd my poor Husband, fcarting up in his
" Bed ; I will never fuffer it. — No, I am not, I thank God, in fo
** defperate a Condition as to undergo fo damnable an Operation as
** that is. — As what is ? my Dear, anfwered I, fmiling ; the Doctor-
** would have you blooded. — Ay, for bleeding, replied he, I like
" it well enough ; but for that other Thing he ordered, I will fooner
" diethan fubmit to it." C 3 f. 3? 3,



38 HV D 1 B RA S.

And as in Prifon mean Rogues beat
370 Hemp^ for the Service of the Greats

So Whachum beat his dirty Brains,

T' advance his Mafber's Fame and Gains \

And like the DeViFs Oracles^

Put into Bogg'rel Rhymes his Spells^
375 Which over ev'ry Month's blank Page

r th' Almanack^ ftrange Bilks prefage.

He would an Elegy compofe

On Maggots fqueez'd out of his Nofe ;

In Lyric Numbers write an Ode on
380 His Miftrefs, eating a Black-pudden :

And when imprifon'd Air efcap'd her.

It puft him with Fcetic Rapture.

His Sonnets charm' d th' Attentive Crowd,

By wide-mouth'd Mortal troll'd aloud,
385 That, circled with his long-ear' d Guefls,

LAke Orpheus look'd among the Beafls ;

A Carman"^ Horfe could not pafs by.

But flood ty'd up to Foetry ;

No Porter's Burthen pafs'd along,
390 But ferv'd for Burthen to his Song •,

f. 373, 374. And like the Devits Oracles, — Put into Dogg'rel
'Rhymes his Spells ] The moft reverend, his Grace the Lord Arch*
biihop of Canterbury obferves, [Antiquities of Greece, vol. i.
ehap. 9.) " That ?ythia, the PrieRefs of Apolloy in Pyrrhus's Time,
" had left off giving Anfwers in Verfe, which had been the Cu-
** ftom of all former Ages from the Foundation of the Oracle; de-
** riving it's Original from Pbamonoe the firft Pythia.'''* Vide
AlcxarJ. ah Alexandra y Genial. Dier. lib. 6. cap. 2. De Delphico
Oraculo.

f. 386. Like Orpheus y &c.] StcMr. Fenton''s Obfernjations upon
Mr. Waller's Poems, p. 22, 23.

f. 387. A Carman s Horfe could not pafs by,'\ See Wafpe^s Ac-
count of his young Mailer^ Ben. Johnfon^ Bartholomenxj Fairy a£t
I. fc. 4.

i - 395»



PART II. CANTO III. 39

Each Window like a PiWry appears,

With Heads thruft through, nail'd by the Ears;

All Trades run in as to the Sight

Of Monfters, or their dear Dehght

395 The G allow Tree^ when cutting Purfe
Breeds Bus'nefs for Heroic Verle,
Which none does hear but would have hung
T' have been the Theme of fuch a Song.
Thofe two together long had liv'd,

400 In Manfion prudently contriv'd •,

Where neither Tree nor Houfe could bar

The free Detection of a Star \

And nigh an ancient Ohelijk

Was rais'd by him, found out by Fijk^

jr» 395, 396. The GaVoiM Tree, rjjhen cutting Purfe — Breeds
Bus'nejs for heroic Verfe^ " I could make you a true Relation
** offome (fays Gajfendus, Vanity of Judiciary Aflrologyy p. 151.)
" who having been told by JJirologers, that they (hould die by a
** Rope, have, to prevent the Shame of the common Gallows,
** hanged themfelves, when they had no other Occafion of Dif-
" content."

3^.397, 398. Which none does hear hut ivould ha^e hung .

T ha've been the Theme of fuch a ^ong."] Efpecially if the iirft 'Squire
Ketch had been the Executioner, of whom it was obferved by his
Wife, ** That any Bungler might put a Man to death, but that her
•* Husband only knew how to make a Gentleman die fv/eetly."

f. 400. In Manfion prudently contri-J d {\ Lilly s Houfe was at
Horjham in the Parifh of Walton upon Thames, where he tells us he
comlantly lived when he was not in London. As to the following
Story, upon which the Poet is fo pleafant, he prudently omits the
mention of it in his Life, as knowing it could not redound to his
Honour or Reputation. (Mr. B.)

f. 404. — found out hy Fifiiy] La Tifk, a pretended Aftrologer
and Jugler, is mentioned in Fletcher ^ IVageay of Hollo Duke of
Normandy, aft 4. fc. i , 2, 3.

But Mr. Butler alludes to one Fijk, of v/hom Lilly obferves (in
his Life, fecond edit. p. 29.) that he was a Licentiate in Phyi^c,
and born near Framlingham in Suffolk ; was bred at a Country
School, and defigned for the Univerfity, but went not thither ;
ftudying Phyfic and Aftrology at home, which afterwards he pracr
tifed at CoUheJier, after which he came to London, and prac-iied

C 4 there.



40 HUDIBRAS.

405 On which was written, not in Words,

But Hieroglyphic mute of Birds^ j

Many rare pitliy Saws concerning \

The Worth of Jftrokgic Learning :
From Top of this there hung a RGpe^

410 To which he faflen'd TV/f/?^^^;

The Spe5lacles with which the Stars
Ke reads in fmalleft Chara^fers.
It happen' d as a Boy^ one Night,
Did fiy his T^rfel 01 a. Kite y

415 The flrangeft long-wing'd Hawk that flies,
That, like a Bird of Paradife^
Or Herauld's Martlet^ has no Legs^
Nor hatches young ones, nor lays Eggs ;

there. Lilly fays, he had good Skill in the Art of Direftions
upon Nativities ; and that he learnt from him many things in that
Way, and how to know good Books in that Art. He was fa-
mous about the Year 1633, and died in the 78th Year of his Age.
(Lillfs Life, p. 38, 39.)

f. 407. I\i£in: rare pithy Sanvs"] A Saiv^ an old or grave Saying,
a Proverb, a Maxim. Baiiy's Di6l.

3^. 416, 417. T^hat, like a Bird of Paradife, — Or Herauld's
Martlet, has no Legs,^ Mr. PVilloughby (m his Ornithclogy, b. 2.
chap. 12. p. 90.) gives the following /iccount in Proof of the
Birds of Paradife having Legs : '* I myfelf, faith Johannes de Laety
** have two Birds of Paradife of different Kinds, and have feen
*' many others, all which had Feet, and thofe truly, for the Bulk
*' of their Bodies, fufficiently great, and very ftrong Legs: The
** fame is confirmed by Margranjius Clujius in his Exotics, and
** Wormiu: in his Mufaum, p. 295. — Thefe moll beautiful Birds,
" as Aldronjandus reports, are called by the Inhabitants of the

** Molucca Iflands, Manucodiatie, i. e. God's Birds. • They

*• are called Birds cf Paradife, both for their excellent Shape, and
** Beauty of their Bodies ; and alio becaufe where they are bred,
** whence they come, and whither they betake themfelves is un-
** known, fmce they are found only dead. And the Vulgar ima-
•* gine them to drop out of Heaven or Paradife." (See Le Blanc''%
*l'ra'vailesy part i. chap. 27. p. 115.)

They are of various Colours, fome white and fcarlet, others
white and yellow, [Purchafe'^ Pilgrims, vol. 5. book 2. chap. 7.
p. 10^.)

As



i^. X



Pal-Il.P. 4o.




PART II. CANTO III. 41

His Train was fix Yards long, Milk-white,
420 At th' End of which, there hung a Lights

Inclos'd in Lanthorn made of Paper,

That far off like a Star did appear.

This Sidrophel by chance efpy'd.

And with Amazement ftaring wide,
425 Bkfs us \ quoth he, what dreadful Wonder

Is that, appears in Heaven yonder ?

A Cornet^ and without a Beard !

Or Star that ne'er before appear' d ?

I'm certain 'tis not in the Scrowl
430 Of all thofe Beafts, and Fifh, and Fowl,

With which, like Indian Plantations,

The learned (lock the Conftellations ;

Nor thofe that drawn for Signs have bin.

To' th' Houfes where the Planets Inn.

As to the Martltt in Heraldry ,- it is a little Bird reprefented
without Feet, but with Legs \ and it is ufed as a DiiFerence, or
Mark of Diftindlion, of the Fourth Brother. (Dlci. to GuiUims
Difp/ay of Heraldry, laft edit.) See an Account of the Black-
Martin, or Sivift, (Wilhughhf^ Ornithology, book 2. p. 214.)

f. 427. A Comet, and nvithout a Beard 1^ See an Account of
the Beards 2iXidi. Tails 01 Comets, Dr. Harris'' s AJironomical Dialogues,
p. 138 to 145 inclufive, fecond edit. Lexicon Technicum, under
the V/ord Comet. Chambers''^ Cyclopedia. Bailys DiSiionary, fol.
edit. An Account of the Comet in the Year 161 8. Johnlioni
Rerum Britannic. Hiji. lib. 17. p. 530. And an Account of the
Nature of Comets, Spencer s Prodigies, fecond edit, p. 282.

f. 428. Or Star that ne'er before appear d ?'] See an Account
of fuch Stars, Dr. Harris's JJironomical Dialggues, p. 65, 85.
Lexicon Technicum, under the Title of Fixed Stars. Mr. Fenton^'s
Obfer^ations upon Mr. Waller s Poems, quarto, p. 80. Of the new
Star that appeared in the Year 1 670. fhilofoph. Tranfaclwns, vol. 4.
numb. 65. p. 2087. And a fhort Hiilory of feveral new Stars
that have appeared within one hundred and fifty Years, to the Year
I 715. Philofo^hicalTranfadions, numb. 346. vol. 29. p. 353.

5^". 429. Tm certain 'tis not in the Scro'wl, &:c.J See Dr. Harris' b
Ajlronomical Dialogues, p. 30.

^- 43 3 » 434- ^0*" thofe that draivn from Signs have bin,— To
th' Houfes nvhere the Planets inn.'] *' You fee (fays Dr. Harris,

Jflronomical



42 HUDIBRAS.

435 Itmufl befupcrnatural,

Unlefs it be that Cannon-ball

That, fhot i' th' Air point-blank upright.

Was born to that prodigious Height,

That learn 'd Philofophers maintain ;
440 It ne'er came backwards down again j

But in the Airy Region yet.

Hangs like the Body of Mahomet :

For if it be above the Shade,

That by the Earth's round Bulk is made,
445 'Tis probable it may from far

Appear no Bullet, but a Star.

This faid, he to his Engine flew,

Plac'd near at Hand, in open View,

And rais'd it 'till it levell'd right
450 Againft the Glow-worm Tail of Kite.

Then peeping thro', Blefs us ! (quoth he)

It is a Planet now I fee j

JJIrottomical Dialogues, p. 30.) " why AJironomers call them the
*' twelve iS/g«j ; becaufe they begin, or mark out the Place of
•* the Sun in the Heavens ; and alfo why AJirologers call them
** Houfes, becaufe they affigned them for Dwellings, or Places of
" abode for the Plamts. Gafendus (fee Vanity of Judiciary Aftro-
iogy, chap. 11. p. 52.) demolifhes the cdejiial Houfes, and
»ierrily cbferves (p. 55.) «« That that Man had no dull, nor un-
•* pleafant Fancy, who firft made the Planets provide Stables for
•* Beafts in the Pleavens, and take care of greater Cattle in the
" twelfth Houfe, and fmaller in the fixth."

3^.436. VnleCs it he that Cannon-ball.'] * '< The Experiment
" was tried by fome foreign Virtuofi, who planted a Piece of Ord-
" nance point- blank againft the Zenith, and having fired it, the;
•* Bullet never returned back again ; which made them all con-
** elude that it flicks in the Mark : but Des Cartes was of opinion t
" that it does but hang in the Air." See more. Tale of a Tub,,
p. 252.

" A Ray of Light runs between the Sun and Earth in fix or
*' feven Minutes j and yet a Cannon-ball, fuppcfing it to move all
. •* the Way as faft as when it juft parts from the Gun, cannot
" arrive at the Sun in twenty-fxve Years." (Dr; Harris's Afironom.
Dialogues, p. 75.) And at one of the fixed Stars in 5000c Years
{Id.ib,^, 82.) }^. 453>



PART II. CANTO III. 43

And, if I err not, by his proper

Figure^ that's Uke Tobacco-ftopper^
455 It fhould be Saturn : yes, 'tis clear,

'Tis Saturn^ but what it makes him there ?

He's got between the Dragon^s Tail,

And farther Leg behind o' th' fVMe ;

Pray Heav'n divert the fatal Omen,
460 For 'tis a Prodigy not common :

And can nolefs than the World's End,

Or Nature's. Funeral portend.

With that he fell again to pry.

Thro' Perfpe5iive moil wilfully,
465 When by Mifchance the fatal String,

That kept the tow' ring Fowl on wing.

Breaking, down fell the Star : Well fhot.

Quoth Whachum^ who right wifely thought

f. 453, 454, 45;. And, if 1 err not, h his proper ^figure,
that's like Tobacco-flopper, — It fhould be Saturn,-^' If a Tobacco-
flopper is turned fo, as to have a round Knob fhooting out with
two Ends, (and there are many fuch) it will be like the Print we
have of Saturn in many Books of Aftronomy. (Dr. ff^, W,)

Dr. Harris [kt Jfironomical Dialogues, p. 134, 135.) calls this
but mere Ridicule : ** Though (he fays) it has it's Ufc , for it
" impreffes itfelf, and the Thing ftronger in the Memory thaa
*' perhaps a more juft and ferious Defcription would have done.

f. 461, 462. And can no lefs than the World's End,— Or Na-
ture's Funeral portend.'] Spencer thus defcribes the Fears of the Vul-
gar, upon the Appearance of a blazing Star :

fhus asjhefied, her EyesJI^e hacknxiard thri^

As fearing E<vil that perfu?d herfaji ;

And her ^f air yelloiv Locks behind herflenv,

Loofely difpers^d nvith Puffofe'vry blajl ;

Alias a blazing Star doth far out-caft

His hairy Beams, and flaming Locks difpredi

At Sight 'vjhereofthe People ftand aghajl \

But the /age Wizard tells as he has read,

fhat it importunes Death, and doleful Drerihead,

{Fairy ^een, book 3. canto i. ft. 16. vol. 2. p. 371. Vide
Woljii Leaion. Memorab, par. poll. p. 950.)

f^ 47^:



44 HUDIBRAS.

H' had levell'd at a Star, and hit it :

470 But Sidrophel^ more fubtle-witted,
Cry'd out; What horrible and fearful
Portent is this, to fee a Star fall ;
It threatens Nature, and the Doom
"Will not be long before it come !

475 When Stars do fall, 'tis plain enough.
The Bay of Judgment's not far on :
As lately 'twas reveal' d to Sedgwick,
And fome of us find out hy Magi ck.
Then fitice the Time we have to live

480 In this World's fhorten'd, let us ftrive
To make our bell Advantage of it.
And pay our LofTes with our Profit.
This Feat fell out, not long before
The Knight, upon the forenam'd Score,

f. 475. When Stars do fall, "l

Scspe enim flellas vento impendente videbis

Prscipites coelo labi Virgil Georg. i. 365, 366.

Jnd oft before tempejiuous Wind arife

T^he Jecming Stars fall headlong from the Skies. Mr. Dryden.

Non cadere in terram ftellas & fidera cernis.

Lucret. lib. 2. p. 209.
Vide Wolfi Legion. Memorah. fub Ann. 765. par. i. p. 200. Hoc
tempore ftellas de coelo delapfas funt : fignificantes Papam & Cleri-
cos, ac EcclefiJE optimates de negotiis coeleftibus, quorum cura
fola folis illis demandata efTet, defcifcere, & terrenis mundi rebus
fe involvere.

-jr. 477. As lately 'tzvas reveaPd to Sedgwick.] William Sedg-
nuicky a whimfical Enthufiaft, fometimes a Prefhytcrian, fome-
times an Independent ; and at other Times an Anahaptift : Some-
times a Prophety and preiended to foretell Things out of the Pulpit
to the Deflrudlion of ignorant People ; at other Times pretended
to Revelations, and upon Pretence of a Vifion that Doomfday was
at Hand, he retired to the Houfe of Sir Francis Rujfel'm Cam-
bridgejhire : And finding feveral Gentlemen at Bowls call'd upon
them to prepare for their diflblution ; telling them, that he had
lately received a Revelation, th^it Doomfday would be fome Day
the Week following. Upon which they ever after called him
Doomfday Segdixick, Wood's Athena Oxon. part. 2. col, 335, 336.
fixiUdit.)



PART II. CANTO III. 45

4S5 In Queft of Sidrophel 2idv2Lncmg,

Was now in Profped of the Manfwn :
Whom he difcov'ring, turn'd his Glafs^
And found far off, 'twas Hudihras.

Whachum (quoth he) look yonder, fome

490 To try, or ufc our Art are come :

The one's the learned Knight ; feek out.
And pump 'em v/hat they came about.
Whachum advanc'd, with all Submifs'nefs
T' accofi: 'em, but much more their Bus'nefs ;

595 He held a Stirrup while the Knight
From Leathern Bare-hones did alight ;
And taking from his Hand the Bridle,
Approach' d the dark Squire to unriddle :
He gave him firft the Time o' th' Day,

500 And welcom'd him, as he might fay :

He afl^'dhim whence they came, and whither
Their Bus'nefs lay ? Qiioth Ralphc^ hither.
Did you not lofe ? — Quoth Ralpho^ nay ;
Quoth Whachum^ Sir, I meant your Way {

505 Your Knight — Quoth Ralpho^ is a Lover^
And Pains intolerable doth fuffer :
For Lovers Hearts are not their own Hearts,
Nor Lights, nor Lungs, and fo forth downwards.
What Time ? — Quoth Ralpho^ Sir, too long, -

510 Three Years it off and on has hung —

ir, 49 1 . 7he one's the learned Knight ;] It appears from I///;*s
Life, that he and the Knight were acquainted ; fo that from hence,
and the Knight's Figure, he might well know him at a Diftance :
I need not obferve (for every Reader will readily do it) how natu-
rally Whachum makes a Difcovery of the Knight's Bufmefs from
Ralpho, and how artfully he communicates it to Sidro'ML Upon
this Difcovery is founded the Knight's Surprize, and his learned
Debate with the Conjurer, which is gradually work'd up to fuch
a Warmth, as neceffarily involves the Knight in a fourth Engage-
Hient, whereby he happily gains af^cond Victory. (Mr. B.)

i^. 530.



46 HU D I B RA S.

Quoth he, I meant what Time o' the Day 'tis ;

Quoth Ralpho^ between kvtn and eight 'tis.

"Why then (quoth Whachum) my fmall Art

Tells me, the T)ame has a hard Heart ;
515 Or great Eft ate Quoth Ralphs a Jointer^

Which makes him have fo hot a Mind t' her.

Mean while the Knight was making Water,

Before he i^Vi upon the Matter ;

Which having done, the Wizard Heps in,
520 To give him fuitable Reception \

But kept his Bus'nefs at a Bay\

Till Whachum put him in the W^ay ;

Who having now, by Ralpho^s Light,

Expounded th' Errand of the Knight ;
525 And what he came to know, drew near.

To whifper in the Confreres Ear,

Which he prevented thus : What was't.

Quoth he, that I was faying laft.

Before thefe Gentlemen arriv'd ?
^30 Quoth Whachum^ Venus you retriev'd.

In Oppofition with Mars^

And no benigne friendly Stars

T' allay the Effed:. Qiioth Wizard, So !

In Virgo ? Ha ! quoth Whachum, No :
535 Has Saturn nothing to do in it.^*

One tenth of 's Circle to a Minute,

3^- 530- ^0/^ Whachum, Venus jo« r^/r/i;V ] Whachum\i2CQ\r\%
pump'd Ralph, and learnt of him the Bufmefs they came about,
tells it to his Mafter in afirological Cant ; Mars and Fenus are the
Lover and his Miftrefs in Oppofition. She is not Firgo, there-
fore a Widoiu. (Dr. B.)

f' 53S> ^%^. Has Saturn nothing to do in it ? — One tenth of s
Circle to a Minute, '\ The Planet Saturn is thirty Years (or there-



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