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Samuel Hubbard Scudder.

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in the female even more than that being subequal, the whole being in the
male nearly four and a half times longer than broad, the surface above
and on both sides just beyond the middle with a few scattered raised
points, the outer carina armed throughout all but extreme base with
8-12 distant, not greatly unequal, subequidistant spines, the longest
scarcely so long as the tibial spurs but tumid at base ( $ ) or with
similarly distant feeble serrulations (9), the inner carina sparsely (}
or very sparsely ( 9 ) serrulate, the intervening sulcus narrow. Hind



SCUDDEB. NORTH AMERICAN CEUTHOPHILI. 39

tibiae straight in both sexes, fully a tenth longer than the femora,
armed beneath with 1-2 subapical spiues (one sometimes paired)
besides the apical pair ; spurs subopposite, the basal at about the end
of the proximal third of the tibia, slightly longer than the tibial depth,
set at an angle of 50-60 with the tibia and divaricating about 120,
their tips much incurved ; inner middle calcaria very much longer than
the outer, fully twice as long as the others or as the spurs and nearly
as long as the first joint of the tarsi. Hind tarsi two fifths as long as
the tibia?, the first joint about as long as the rest together, the second
nearly three times as long as the third and with it as long as the
fourth. Cerci slender and delicately tapering, a quarter as long again
as the femoral breadth. Ovipositor more than half as long as the hind
tibiae, the lower margin straight, not stout and gently tapering in the
basal half, slender and equal in the apical half, the tip upturned and
bluntly acuminate, the teeth of the inner valves triangular and rather
long, straight.

Length of body, 19 mm., 9 23.5 mm. ; antennae (est.), $ 90 mm. ;
pronotum, ^9 6.7 mm.; fore femora, $ 11.25 mm., 9 10.75 mm.;
hind femora, <J 22.8 mm., 923.4 mm.; hind tibiae, $ 25 mm., 925.6
mm.; ovipositor, 13.5 mm.

1 <?, 2 9 . Chattanooga, Tenn., J. W. Martin (U. S. Nat. Mus.).

This species is not far removed from G. gracilipes in structural
details, though with much duller and less diversified markings.

7. CEUTHOPHLLUS SECRETUS, sp. nov.

In markings this species agrees altogether with O. palmeri except
that the luteous colors are clearer and that the abdomen is more com-
pletely fuscous, the luteous being almost entirely confined to a narrow
stripe across the anterior margin, not seen when the segments are
contracted. The antennae are fully three times the length of the
body, slender and gradually tapering, the legs long and slender.
Fore femora scarcely stouter than middle femora, considerably more
than half as long again as the pronotum and about half as long as the
hind femora, the inner carina with 1-3 small spines. Middle femora
with 2-4 spines of varying length on the front carina, and on the hind
carina occasionally a single small spine besides the long genicular spine.
Hind femora nearly as long as the body, about twice the length of the
fore femora, tapering with no abruptness, nearly four times as long as
broad, the apical fourth subequal, with scattered but nowhere numerous
minute raised points on the upper apical half, the outer carina with
small but rather coarse unequal spines, mostly next the narrower por-



40 PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY.

tion of the femora, the longest less than a third as long as the tibial
spurs, the inner carina with similar but smaller and subequal spines
throughout its extent, on both far more delicate in the female than in the
male, the intervening sulcus decidedly narrow. Hind tibiae straight in
both sexes, slender, about an eighth longer than the femora, armed
beneath with two subapical spines besides the apical pair; spurs
scarcely subopposite, the basal at the end of the proximal third of the
tibia, almost or quite twice as long as the tibial depth, set at an angle
ordinarily of 30-40, but sometimes of more nearly 80 with the tibia,
divaricating 100160, their tips incurved; inner middle calcaria con-
siderably longer than the outer, nearly twice as long as the others or
as the spurs, but much shorter than the first tarsal joint. Hind tarsi
almost half as long as the tibiae, the first joint as long as the rest
together, the second three times as long as the third and with it longer
than the fourth. Cerci slender, tapering, half as long again as the
femoral breadth. Ovipositor fully three fourths as long as the hind
femora, gently and uniformly arcuate throughout, of equal width
throughout, the tip not sharply acuminate, the inner valves with a
feebly crenulate armature.

Length of body, < 9 17.5 mm.; pronotum, ^ 4.6 mm., 9 4.9 mm.;
fore femora, $ 8 mm., 9 7.8 mm. ; hind femora, $ 16 mm., 9 14.75
mm.; hind tibiae, $ 18 mm., 9 16.5 mm.; ovipositor, 11.6 mm.

6 <J, 2 9. Dallas, Texas, Boll.

8. CEUTBOPHILUS PALMERI, sp. nov.

Dark fuscous heavily blotched and spotted with dull luteous, the
lighter markings consisting of a broken mediodorsal stripe of gener-
ally varying and greater or less width, of very irregular blotches and
tortuous streaks on the sides of the pronotum, of large anterior spots
on the sides of the meso- and metanotum, and of anterior transverse
dashes or belts on the abdominal segments ; the fore and middle legs
are fusco-luteous becoming more or less deeply fuscous at the distal
extremity of the femora and proximal end of the tibiae, the hind
femora fuscous except at base with the usual dull luteous markings, the
rest of the leg dull luteous, but the basal half of the tibiae more or less
infuscated. The antennae are three or four times as long as the body,
and very slender except toward the base, and the legs long and slen-
der. Fore femora no stouter than the middle femora, about three
fifths as long again as the pronotum and half or less than half as
long as the hind femora, the inner carina with 2-4 mostly long spities.
Middle femora with 1-2 spines besides a long subapical one on the



SCUDDEB. NORTH AMERICAN CEUTHOPHILI. 41

front carina, and on the hind carina 2-3 spines besides a very long
genicular spine. Hind femora nearly as long as the body, fully twice
as long as the fore femora, stout basally but rapidly tapering so that
the apical third or more is subequal, nearly four times as long as
broad, with no raised points, both carinas distantly and finely serrulate
in the apical half, a little finer and more distant in the female than in
the male, the intervening sulcus not very broad. Hind tibiae straight
in both sexes, fully a sixth longer than the femora, armed beneath
usually with two subapical spines besides the apical pair ; spurs sub-
alternate, the basal a little beyond the proximal fourth of the tibia,
nearly three times as long as the tibial depth, set at an angle of about
50 with the tibia and divaricating 110-130, their tips considerably
incurved ; inner middle calcaria a good deal longer than the outer,
fully twice as long as the others or as the spurs, but shorter than
the first joint of the tarsi. Hind tarsi more than two fifths the length
of the tibiae, the first joint as long as the rest together, the second
three times as long as the third and as long as the fourth. Cerci
very long and slender, but shorter than the fore femora. Ovipositor
two thirds as long as the hind femora, very feebly arcuate, rather
slender, tapering gently throughout, a little upturned and very acutely
pointed at tip, the apical teeth of the inner valves delicate and finely
pointed, but not very long, especially the proximal.

Length of body, $ 23 mm., 9 19 mm. ; pronotum, $ 6 mm. ;
9 5.75 mm.; fore femora, $ 9.8 mm., 9 9 mm.; hind femora, $ 19.5
mm., 918 mm. ; hind tibiae, $ 23.5 mm., 9 21 mm. ; ovipositor,
12 mm.

14 <, 14 9- From the darkest recesses of the side caverns of a
bat cave 48 X 20 feet in size, of which the roof had fallen in, in George-
town, Williamson Co., Texas, E. Palmer ; New Braunfels, Texas,
H. E. Scudder; Texas, Schaupp in coll. S. Henshaw. The New
Braunfels specimen is referred to under C. califomianus in Bost.
Journ. Nat. Hist., vii. 438.

9. CEUTHOPHILUS CORTICICOLA, sp. nov.

Dark fuscous feebly marked, at least on the pronotum, with cloudy
dull luteous vermiculations, especially on the lower part of the descend-
ing lobes, which are generally edged more distinctly with luteous ;
legs of the color of the body or lighter, the anterior pairs more or
less infuscated near the femoro-tibial articulation, the distal part of the
tibiae and tarsi more clearly luteous ; hind femora with the usual
markings, growing luteous toward the base. The antennas are slender



42 PROCEEDINGS OP THE AMERICAN ACADEMY.

and three or more times as long as the body, the legs long and slen-
der. Fore femora faintly stouter than the middle femora, more than
half as long again as the pronotum and fully half as long as the hind
femora, the inner carina with 2-3 long spines. Middle femora with
2-3 pretty long spines on the inner carina, and on the outer two small
ones besides a long genicular spine. Hind femora about as long as
the body, nearly twice as long as the fore femora, moderately stout in
the basal half, but the swollen portion short, the apical third being
subequal and the whole about four times as long as broad, the upper
half with a very few scattered raised points apically, the outer carina
feebly delicately and distantly serratulate on the distal half, more
delicately in the 9 than in the <J, the inner carina similarly but more
closely spined throughout, the intervening sulcus narrow. Hind tibi;e
straight in both sexes and slender, nearly a sixth longer than the
femora, armed beneath with 1-2 subapical spines besides the apical
pair ; spurs subalternate, the basal just beyond the proximal fourth
of the tibia, fully twice as long as the tibial depth, set at an angle of
about 45 with the tibia and divaricating 100-120, their tips in-
curved ; inner middle calcaria distinctly longer than the outer, more
than twice as long as the others or as the spurs, and nearly equal to
the first tarsal joint. Hind tarsi nearly half as long as the tibise, the
first joint as long as the rest together, the second three times as long
as the third, and nearly equal to the fourth. Cerci very long and
slender, beyond the inflated basal portion tapering very gradually, as
long as the fore femora. Ovipositor long and straight, fully three
quarters as long as the hind femora, the base rather slender and taper-
ing, the distal half or more slender and equal, the extreme tip scarcely
upturned but very acute, the inner valves with an armature of fine
but not very long pointed teeth.

Length of body, $ 17.5 mm., 9 19.5 mm.; pronotum, <J 5.2 mm.,
9 5.75 mm. ; fore femora, $ 8.2 mm., 9 8.75 mm. ; hind femora,
$ 15.75 mm., 9 17 mm.; hind tibiae, $ 18.4 mm., 9 18.75 mm.;
ovipositor, 13 mm.

5 <J, 2 9. Dallas, Texas, Boll. Texas, Belfrage, in woods under
bark, and coming to the light at night in September.

10. CETJTHOPHILUS VAUICATOR, sp. nov.

Dull testaceous, heavily infuscated especially on the thoracic seg-
ments which are more fuscous than testaceous, the latter appearing
on the pronotum principally as an impure fuscous-streaked blotch in
the middle of either lateral half, more or less connected posteriorly by



SCUDDER. NORTH AMERICAN CEUTHOPHILI. 43

a transverse bar ; a transverse anterior series of four testaceous dots ;
on the other thoracic segments appearing in large anterior lateral
spots more or less confluent ; legs fusco- testaceous, becoming luteous
apically, the hind femora testaceous with scalariform fuscous markings,
the other femora darker apically than at base. The antennae are
tolerably stout at base but soon taper to a delicate thread and are
about three times as long as the body, and the legs moderately long
and slender. Fore femora no stouter than the middle femora, nearly
half as long as the hind femora, and more than a third longer than
the pronotum ($ 9), the inner carina armed with 2-3 spines, the
subapical very long. Middle femora similarly armed on the front
carina, and on the hind carina 12 moderate spines besides a very
long genicular spine. Hind femora a little more than twice as long
as the fore femora, moderately slender, being almost three and three
quarters times as long as broad (c?), the apical fourth subequal, the
surface with no raised points, the outer cariua entirely unarmed except
for 45 very distant slight recumbent serrations on the apical half,
more distinct in the 9 than in the (J, the inner carina with a few
raised points, the intervening sulcus narrow. Hind tibiae straight in
both sexes, slender, fully a tenth longer than the femora, armed
beneath with two median subapical spines besides the apical pair ;
spurs subalternate, the basal at or beyond the end of the proximal
fourth of the tibia, more than twice as long as the tibial depth, set at
an angle of about 80 with the tibia and divaricating about 150, their
extreme tips incurved ; inner middle calcaria very much longer than
the outer, about twice as long as the others, or as the spurs, and just
about as long as the first tarsal joint. Hind tarsi more than two fifths
the length of the tibia?, the first joint longer than the rest together, the
second three times as long as the third, and as long as the fourth.
Cerci slender, tapering, a third as long again as the femoral breadth.
Ovipositor two thirds the length of the hind femora, faintly arcuate
throughout, equal from close to the base, moderately broad, the tip
scarcely upturned, acutangulate (about 40 ), the inner valves feebly
crenulate, the prominences slightly accentuated.

Length of body, $11 mm., 9 20 mm. ; antennae (est.), $ 50 mm.,
9 58 mm. ; pronotum, $ 5.25 mm., 9 6.4 mm. ; fore femora, 7.5
mm., 9 8.9 mm.; hind femora, $ 15.75 mm., 9 18 mm.; hind tibiae,
$ 18 mm., 9 20 mm. ; ovipositor, 12 mm.

1 c?, 1 9. Waco, Texas, July 13 (Mus. Comp. Zool.). 3 9 from
Columbus, Texas, are in the Riley collection (U. S. National Museum).



44 PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY.



11. CEUTHOPHILUS LATIBULI.

Ceuthophilus latibuli Scudd.!, Ins. Life, vi. 313-314 (1894).

Dark brownish fuscous, heavily blotched with ferrugineo-testaceous,
largely in the form of small longitudinally ovate spots more or less
regularly disposed on the dorsum, but inclined to become confluent on
the sides, and fprming blotches on the pronotum, the hind femora dark
with two series of longer and an intermediate series of shorter oblique
testaceous lines, forming scalariform markings, all the tarsi and at
least the distal half of the tibiae pallid luteous. The antennae are
slender and fully three times as long as the body, and the legs long
and slender. Fore femora slightly stouter at base than the middle
femora, half as long again as the pronotum, considerably less than half
as long as the hind femora, the inner carina armed with 2-4 longer or
shorter spines on the distal half. Middle femora with two or three
usually long spines besides a subapical long spine on the front carina,
and on the hind carina a very long genicular spine, besides sometimes
an additional spine. Hind femora about as long as the body, con-
siderably more than twice as long as the fore femora, rather stout, but
more than the distal fourth slender and subequal, the whole three ( $ )
to three and a half ( 9 ) times as long as greatest breadth, the surface
very finely and uniformly scabrous with delicate raised points on the
darker portions, the outer carina slightly prominent, furnished with
89 rather unequal inequidistant short spines, the longest not half
the length of the tibial spurs (<?) or unarmed (9), the inner carina
with 13-16 small inequidistant (<?) or 6-8 inconspicuous (9) ppines,
the intervening sulcus rather deep but of moderate width. Hind tibiae
much longer than the femora, straight in both sexes, slightly com-
pressed at the base, armed beneath with 1-2 median subapical spines,
besides the apical pair ; spurs not opposite, the basal generally at or
before the end of the proximal fourth of the tibia, nearly or quite three
times as long as the tibial depth, set at an angle of about 60 with the
tibia and of about 120 more or less with each other, slightly incurved
at tip ; inner middle calcaria very slender, considerably longer than the
outer, twice as long as the others or as the spurs and considerably
longer than the first tarsal joint. Hind tarsi distinctly less than half
as long as the tibias, the first joint not nearly so long as the rest com-
bined, the second twice as long as the third and with it shorter than
the fourth. Cerci slender, delicately tapering, about as long as the
femoral breadth. Ovipositor straight, rather slender, from a third to
more than one half as long as the hind tibiae, the tip hardly upcurved



SCUDDER. NORTH AMERICAN CEUTHOPHILI. 45

and exceedingly acute, the denticulations of the inner valves triangular,
hardly aculeate.

Length of body, $ 18 mm., 9 17 mm. ; antennae, $ 55-f- mm.,
9 (est.) 65 mm. ; pronotum, <J 5 mm., 9 6 mm. ; fore femora, 3 8
mm., 9 8.5 mm. ; hind femora, $ 9 18 mm. ; hind tibiae, $ 9 19.5
mm. ; ovipositor, 1 mm.

7 c, 5 9- Crescent City, Fla., in burrows of the gopher ( Gopherus
polyphemus), H. G. Hubbard; Georgia, H. K. Morrison.

12. CEUTHOPHILUS SECLUSUS, sp. nov.

Glabrous, blackish fuscous, heavily and irregularly marked with
luteous becoming rufo-luteous dorsally, the whole surface about equally
divided between the fuscous and luteous, but the fuscous prevails
dorsally, the luteous laterally ; there is an interrupted and irregular
broad rufo-luteous mediodorsal band on the thoracic segments, and the
inferior margins of at least the pronotum are bordered with luteous,
but the other luteous markings are mostly in the form of rather
irregularly scattered, more or less irregularly confluent small round
spots, often becoming blotches of great irregularity on the thorax ; legs
dull luteous, the femora infuscated especially apically and the hind
femora heavily marked in a scalariform pattern as well as apically
annulate with fuscous. The antennae are slender and apparently about
twice as long as the body, and the legs slender and moderately long.
Fore femora not stouter than the middle pair, varying greatly in
length in the sexes, in the male being only a little less than half as
long as the hind femora and more than a third as long again as the
pronotum, in the female very much less than half as long as the
hind femora, and not a fifth longer than the pronotum, the inner
carina with two spines, at least the subapical rather long. Middle
femora with 2-4 spines on the front carina and on the hind
carina 1-2 spines besides a not very long genicular spine. Hind
femora about as long as the body, a little more than twice () or
considerably more than two and a half times ( 9 ) as long as the fore
femora, slender and very gradually tapering, about three and three
quarters times as long as broad, the apical fifth subequal, with no
raised points upon the surface, the outer carina minutely and inequidis-
tantly spinulate or subserrate, in the female the serrations much sub,-
dued, the inner carina similarly but more finely armed in both sexes, the
intervening sulcus narrow. Hind tibiae straight, scarcely longer than
the femora, slender, armed beneath with a single preapical spine besides
the apical pair; spurs subalteruate, the basal about the end of the



46 PROCEEDINGS OP THE AMERICAN ACADEMY.

proximal fourth of the tibia, less than twice as long as the tibial depth,
set at an angle of 70-80 with the tibia and divaricating about 90
(<J) or 150-170 (9), their tips incurved; inner middle calcaria
distinctly longer than the outer, much more than twice as long as the
others or as the spurs and as long as the first tarsal joint. Hind tarsi
much less than half as long as the tibiae, the first joint as long as the
rest together, the second more than twice as long as the third and
nearly as long as the fourth. Cerci short, being hardly longer than
half the femoral breadth. Extremity of the abdomen roundly truncate
in the male. Ovipositor straight beneath, the upper margin broadly
arcuate, nearly two thirds as long as the hind femora, tapering in basal,
equal and slender in distal half, the tip upcurved and finely acuminate,
the teeth of the inner valves aculeate, only the last one arcuate.

Length of body, $ 12 mm., 9 16 mm.; pronotum, <J 3.5 mm.,
9 5.25 mm.; fore femora, $ 5 mm., 9 6.1 mm.; hind femora, $ 10.9
mm., 9 16 mm. ; hind tibiae, 11 mm., 9 16.3 mm. ; ovipositor, 10.5 mm.

3 $, 7 9. Dallas and Crawford Cos., Iowa (J. A. Allen) ; West
Point, Nebr (L. Bruner).

13. CEUTHOPHILUS TERRESTRIS, sp. nov.

Rhaphidophora lapidicola Scudd. ! , Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist.,
viii. 7 (1861)

Ceuthophilus lapidicolus Scudd. ! , Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist., vii. 435
(1862); Walk., Catal. Derm. Salt. Brit. Mus., i. 201 (1869); Glov.,
111. N. A. Entom., Orth., pt. 7, figs. 4, 5 (1872); Prov., Nat. Canad.,
viii. 75 (1876); Ril., Stand. Nat. Hist., li. 184 (1884); Smith, Cat.
Ins. N. J., 409 (1890) ; Osb.?, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sc., ii. 119 (1892) ;
Blatchl., Proc. Ind. Acad. Sc., 1892, 147-148 (1894).

Phalangopsis lapidicola Bess., Rep. Iowa Agric. Coll., vii. 206
(1877).

Glabrous, mottled with luteous and blackish fuscous, both colors
varying in tint in different individuals ; there is often, but not always, a
mediodorsal light stripe on the thorax bordered by dark tints, and the
lower portions of the sides are always lighter than the rest ; the inter-
vening portions of the thorax may be described as fuscous, heavily
sprinkled and blotched irregularly with luteous, sometimes one, some-
times the other prevailing ; on the abdomen the darker colors prevail
and the lighter appear as a tolerably regular and profuse sprinkling of
often confluent luteous dots, most abundant on the posterior portions
of the segments ; the hind femora have the usual markings, and are
feebly and narrowly infuscate apically. The antennae are slender,



SCUDDER. NORTH AMERICAN CEUTHOPHILT. 47

fully twice as long as the body, the legs moderately short. Fore femora
not stouter than the middle pair, a third longer than the pronotum and
distinctly less than half as long as the hind femora, the inner carina
with a long preapical spine sometimes accompanied by a shorter one.
Middle femora with 1-2 spines on the front carina besides a preapical
spine, and on the hind carina usually two spines besides the genicular
spine. Hind femora somewhat shorter than the body, considerably
more than twice as long as the fore femora, less than three times as
long as broad, the swollen portion pretty stout, hardly more than the
distal sixth of equal width, with a few feebly raised points on the
upper apical portion of the inner side only, the outer carina delicately
uniformly and densely serrate throughout (<?) or with a few apical
obscure serrations (9)> the inner carina similar. Hind tibiae straight
in both sexes, rather stout in the male, scarcely exceeding the femora
in length, armed beneath with a preapical spine besides the apical pair ;
spurs subopposite, the basal beyond the end of the proximal third of
the tibia, hardly or no longer than the tibial depth, set at an angle
of 45 with the tibia and divaricating 90-100, their tips incurved;
inner middle calcaria somewhat longer than the outer, twice as long as
the others or as the spurs, but not so long as the first tarsal joint.
Hind tarsi two fifths the length of the tibiae, the first joint nearly as
long as the rest together, the second twice as long as the third and with
it longer than the fourth. Cerci rather slender throughout, tapering,
pointed, as long as the femoral breadth. Ovipositor less than three
fifths as long as the hind femora, gently tapering in the proximal half,
equal and not very slender in the distal half, the tip upturned a little
and pointed at an angle of 45, the teeth of the inner valves sharp but
not aculeate.

Length of body, $ 13 mm., 9 15 mm.; pronotum, $ 9 4 mm.;
fore femora, $ 5.3 mm., 9 5.6 mm. ; hind femora, $ 12.3 mm.,
9 12.5 mm.; hind tibiae, $ 12.5 mm., 9 12.75 mm.; ovipositor,
7 mm.

11 <J, 5 9. North Red River, P. R. Uhler ; Chateaugay Lake,
Adirondack, N. Y., 2,000', F. C. Bowditch ; New Hampshire;
Moosehead Lake, Me. ; Cambridge and Lowell, Mass., S. Henshaw ;
Maryland, P. R. Uhler. Specimens in the Museum of Comparative
Zoology are from Anticosti (Verrill), from Norway (Smith), Bethel
(Miss Edwards), and Gorham, Me., and from Nahant and Maiden,
Mass. (A. Agassiz). It is also reported, partly no doubt by mistake


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