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i. 248; Soft Shells and Temperance, i.
278; division in New York in 1848. i.
323; defeat thereby, i. 327; Civil War,
i. 335; State Convention, 1868, i. 394-420;
National Convention, i. 394, 421; change
of proportion, i. 437; objections to Com-
missions, i. 468; State Convention of
1870, i. 483-489; successful administra-
tion, i. 485; purifying influence, i. 483-
488; frowns upon fraud in 1836, i. 488; a
mixed ticket advocated, i. 490-500; con-
nection with King cases, i. 554-606 ; loose
from Tammany, i. 559; in the Assembly,
supervisors, i.* 559, 560; Tilden's lead, i.
563 ; restored power, i. 566 ; Young, i.
567; Tweed Democracy, i. 574-576; sep-
aration from King, i. 586 ; Tilden's de-
mand on State Convention, i. 594; resist-
ance to Tweed frauds, i. 605, 606; State
Convention of 1874, ii. 9-14 (Sec i. pre-
/acexiv); Young Men's Duties, ii. 15-
19; Assembly votes, ii. 23; 1875, Mis-
sissippi elections, ii. 76-79; rising above
party, ii. 217, 218, 220; Tildcii nomi-
nation, ii. 354-373; platform, ii. 380- !
383; House majority, ii. 384: Tilden j
election, ii. 384-450/490; Young Men's 1
Club, ii. 485-492; Massachusetts Asso- '<
ciation, ii. 499, 500 ; Cincinnati Conven-
tion, ii. 501-506; and Jackson, a letter,
ii. 514, 515; and Jefferson, ii. 516-518;
second Iroquois Club letter, ii. 519-521; (
Convention of 1884, at Chicago, ii. 522-
534 (See i. preface xi) ; Tilden Resolu-
tions, ii. 528-534; made up of laborers, ii. j
534; relation to Free Soil ideas, ii. 535-,
574; Utica Convention, ii. 537, 543, 573;
called Republicans, ii. 543. (See Con-
gress, Constitution, Republican Party,
South, United States, etc.)

Democratic Review, on United States Bank
Charter,- i. 165-182.



Denio, Judge: quoted, i. 545,546; dissent,
ii. 338.

Depew, Chauncey M., oration, ii. 507.

Desbrosses estate, Rent troubles, i. 192, 193.

Dicker, Congressman, Electoral count, ii.
430."

Dickinson, Senator, speech, i. 241.

Discounts: ruinous, i. 113; legal rates, i:
226. (See flanks, Currency, Specie, etc.)

Dissenters, taxation, i. 154.

District of Columbia: slavery, i. 38-54;
people forced thither, ii. 12.

Disunion: people educated for, i. 294, 297;
threatened by New England, i. 322;
generating State Centralism, i. 485. (See
Civil War, South, Union, etc.)

Dix, John A.: chairman, i. 341; governor-
ship, ii. 20; precedent, ii. 91-94; Cham-
ber of Commerce dinner, ii. 346.

Dodge, a benefactor, ii. 353.

Doe Company, i. 168.

Dorsheimer, William, office, ii. 211, 214.

Double taxation, i. 199, 201. (See Banks,
Currency, Prices, Taxation, etc.)

Doughfaces, party name, i. 14.

Douglas, Stephen A., candidacy, i. 284.

Drew, Governor, election, ii. 453, 462, 468.

Duane, Win. J., refusal to obev Jackson,
i. 27.

Dublin, Ireland: law-case cited, i. 525-531,
533, 539, 540, 543, 546.

Dubuque, la., Seward's speech, i. 301.

Duer, Judge, case cited, i. 545.



EASTKKX STATES: infant manufactures, i.
9; transit of manufactures, i.353; centres,
ii.38; merchandise, ii. 39, 42; connections,
ii. 250, 251. (See New Emjland, South,
West, etc.)

Eaton, General, and wife, i. 20.

Edmunds, Congressman, on Electoral count,

, ii. 426.

Education, statistics, ii. 71. (See Schools.)

Electoral College : contested elections, ii.
384-450; in 1789, ii. 389; subsequent
election?, ii. 390-392: holders of Federal
offices, ii. 431, 432; summary, ii. 44G-452.

Elder, Dr., national wealth, i. 455.

Eldon, Lord, cited, i. 523-551.

Klizabeth, Queen, statutes cited, i. 522, 530.

Elliott's tax-estimate, i. 427.

Elmendorff, E., Jr., Tilden's deposition, i.
507.

Elmira, N. Y. : city acts, ii. 150-153; Re-
formatory, ii. 162, 261.

Ely's price-statistics, i. 134. (See Currency,
'Prices, Taxation, etc.)

Emigration: Westward, i. 309-313; from
Europe, i. 411-414; the statistics, ii. 70;
Message about, ii. 306-309.

Engineering, in the laws, i. 382.

England : Van Buren's ministry, 5. 20;
paper currency, i. 71 ; property qualifi-
cation, the Church, pauper system, i. 83;
Shakers, i. 88; financial literature, i. 102;
exchange on, i. 110; overburdened mar-
kets, i. 112; joint-stock banks, i. 117;
disasters of 1825, i. 124; country banks,
i. 125; specie, i. 141, 156; agricultural



INDEX.



583



and factory labor, i. 151, 157; taxation
and privileges, i. 152; monopolies, i.
154, 155; national bank, i. 156; corpo-
rate liability, i. 107, 173, 174; charta, i.
169, 170, 173; land alienations, i. 217;
current of adjudication, i. 219; currency
discussions, i. 229; artificial system of
money, i. 231; anti-French agitation, i.
295; possible invasion, i. 302: rapacity,
i. 417; monarchical, i. 433; financial
policy, i. 434; army cost, i. 441; annual
savings, i. 456; impeachment power, i.
474; Crown cases cited, i. 515-551; estab-
lished doctrine in law, ii. 2, 83; rising
prices, ii. 283; Sunday-schools, ii. 351,
353; privileges gained from the aristoc-
racy, ii. 398; contested votes, ii. 464-466;
quo warranto, ii. 477, 478; Parliamentary
majority monarchical, ii. 520; enlarged
suffrage, ii. 534. (See Europe, Great
Britain, etc.)

Entails, i. 90-98.

Erie Canal: revenues and relation to the
Constitution of New York, i. 248-277;
enlargement, i. 347-393; cost, i. 431;
in Tilden's Message, ii.23, 37-50; abuses,
considered in Canal Message, ii. 100-116;
repairs, ii. 159, 160, 175-184, 187-197;
allusions, ii. 214-218; policy, ii. 250; in-
vestigations, ii. 201-304 ; improvements
and vetoes, ii. 317-328; bridges, ii. 323-
325; depth, ii. 327; tolls, ii. 350. (See
Canals, New York.)

Erie, Lake, connections, ii. 239.

Europe: specie currency, i. 71, 141; con-
trolled bv the few, i. 86; exchanges, i.
110; loan to United States Bank, i. 124;
laborers, i. 156; social system, i. 158, 159;
aiding the Rebellion, i. 286; comparative
size, i. 313, 326; voyage, i. 349; famine
or war, i. 368; evils of taxation, i. 402;
Military Powers, i. 402, 403; emigration
to America, i. 412, 415, ii. 570; calami-
ties and expenditures, i. 443; oppressions,
i. 450. ii. 231; trip, ii. 37; crowded, ii.
250; Tilden's journey, ii. 485; market for
America, ii. 495. (See America, England,
etc.)

Evarts, William M., Ring matters, i. 579,
581, 595, 604.

Evening Journal, New York, in her shell,
i. 160.

Evening Post. New York : Leggett's connec-
tion, i. 38; Kent letter, 5/289-331, 339;
personal friends, i.321; Delmonico letter,
i. 331-340; on revenue system, i. 432;
Ring, i. 557, 571; Nordhoff, i. 567;
O'Conor's opinion, i. 594; Tweed Char-
ter, i. 606; unfavorable comparison, ii.
352, 353.

Exchange: bills of, i. 63, 64; rising prices,
i. 106-110. (See Banking, Currency, Spe-
cie, etc.)

Exchequer, English, i. 155, 427, 456.

Executive, the, and the Treasury, i. 28-38.
(See Federal Government, Presidency,
United States Treasury, etc.)

Explanatory Act, i. 14, 15. (See Congress.)

Exports, tables, i. 429, 430.

Ex post facto laws, i. 91, 92.



FACTORY COMMISSION, evidence before,
i. 151.

Family, the : upset by Shakcrism, i. 97;
idea in American government, i. 401-410.

Farmers: Mechanics and Working-men's
Convention, i. 78-87; real producer?, i.
120; Suffolk, i. 138; in Congress, i. 11-i;
wages, i. 150; surrender to slavery, i.
303; foreign marriages, i. 413; Columbia
County, i.' 423, 431, 433; market, ii. 51;
rise of prices, ii. 60; residence among, ii.
230; control of taxes, ii. 233; in Ohio, etc.,
questioned, ii. 495.

Farms: abandoned, i. 105; New York re-
movals, i. 184.

Fathers of the Republic: policy, i. 315, 317;
Southern desire to return to their princi-
ples, i. 402. (See Federal Government,
Jefferson, Statts, Union, etc.)

Fawcett, Professor, prediction, i. 412.

Federal Government: rights of States, 5.
9-15, 23; domination, i. 22-26; contracts
with States, i. 166; relation to slavery
and the Republican Party, i. 284-331;
Disunion, i. 295; Lincoln policy, i. 333-
340; interdependence, i. 398; manage-
ment of Southern complications, i. 417,
418; taxation average, i. 424-452; elec-
tions in New York City, i. 469; Evils of
Centralism, i. 483-489', ii. 12; drifting
badly, ii. 11-14; revenues, ii. 50-62; mis-
used' powers, ii. 63-66; taxes, ii. 121; in-
direct taxation, ii. 173, 226; waste, ii.
275, 276; excessive taxation, ii. 276-280;
Attorney-General, ii. 349; source of evil,
ii. 350;" false policies, ii. 360-363; two
great evils, ii. 371, 372; connection with
Presidential election, ii. 396-398 (See
Electoral College); Florida difficulties, ii.
461-481; formation, ii. 489-492; interfer-
ence, ii. 490; evils of patronage, ii. 500;
British impress, ii. 517; assumption of
authority, ii. 518; Tilden's ability to re-
form, if. 525-527 ; Democratic triumph
indispensable, ii. 532; early patronage
and relation to slavery in Territories, ii.
540-574. (See Cabinet", Democratic Party,
Electoral College, Presidency, Republican
Party, States, United States, etc.)

Federal Party: Constitutional spirit, i. 46;
Jefferson's' warning, i. 164; in New York,
ii. 539, 540; press, ii. 542; name, ii. 543.

Federalist, The, ii. 489, 549, 552.

Fielding, M. B., International Exposition,
ii. 510.

Fields, Thomas C. : Ring defendant, i. 515-
551; parks, i. 571, 573; law-point, ii. 34.

Fillmore, Millard: election, i. 324; Electoral
vote, ii. 420.

Fisk, Ring matters, i. 564.

Flagg, Azariah C. : canal administration,
i. 256, 257, 261, 262 ; 359-361 ; tests, i. 386 ;
association, i. 422; high character, i.487;
complete canal system, ii. 49; reports, ii.
494, 495.

Flax, product, i. 404. (See Cotton, Wheat,
etc.)

Florida: in Baltimore Convention, 5. 238;
growth, i. 316; Carpet-baggers, i. 444-446 ;
Electoral count, ii. 444, 453-481; Return-



584



INDEX.



ing Boards, ii. 489; slavery, ii. 547, 556,
557, 563.

Flour: prices, 1835-1840. i. 102; inspection,
i. 117; climax, i. 131; decreased value,
anecdote, i. 133-137; fixed price, i. 225;
transportation, i. 351. (See Breadstuff*,
Corn, Wheat, etc.)

Floyd, John G., ii. 535, 536.

Fluctuations: in prices, etc., i. 101-164; in-
jurious, i. 149. (See Corn, Currency,
Prices, Taxation, etc.)

Food-supply, i. 4G1-466. (See Beef, Cur-
rency, Prices, Wheat, etc.)

Force Bill, before Congress, i. 9.

Foreign Affairs, department instituted, i. 32.
(See Cabinet, Federal Government, etc.)

Foreign Quarterly Review, on pauperism,
i. 155.

Fort Covington, N. Y., town-hall, ii. 208.

Fort Plain ,"N. Y., lock, i. 360, 362.

Foster's Baltimore speech, i. 241.

France: gold premium, i. 71, 141; property
qualification, i. 82; condition of labor, i.
152; specie currency, i. 156; early land-
grants, i. 186; anti-English agitation,
i. 295; the Press, i. 300; possible inva-
sion by, i. 302; engineers, i. 375; French
ambition, i. 395; Committee of Safety,
i. 398; army, i. 403, 441; comparative
size, i. 419, ii. 12; taxes tabulated, i. 427-
430; soldiers and officers, i. 486; financial
expedients of 1793, ii. 56; war debt, ii.
291; under Napoleon III., ii. 490; Hugo's
History, ii. 491, 492; colonial conflicts, ii.
508,509; Revolution, ii. 560; government
reformed, ii. 572.

Frankfort, X. Y., lock, i. 360, 362.

Franklin, Benjamin: comparison, i. preface
(vi); his generation, i. 337; a founder of
the Republic, ii. 533; on Slavery, ii. 549,
553.

Freedman's Bureau: instrument of oppres-
. sion, i. 401; cost, i. 439.

Freedom: in America, i. 144; in Russia,
i. 146; of industrv, i. 152, 154; of the
Press, i. 300.

Free Labor, at the South, i. 303.

Free Soil: party revolt of 1848, i. 232-247;
First Gun for, ii. 535-574.

Free States: fugitive slaves, i. 302; and
slavery, ii. 535-574. (See Northern
States, Slavery, United States, etc.)

Fremont, John C., Electoral vote, ii. 410,
420-422.

Friends, Society of, offshoot from, i. 88.

Frugality, variable, i. 195.

Fullerton, William, finances, i. 102.



GALLATIX, ALBERT: financial statements,
i. 71, 131; estimate of metallic currency,
i. 141; reported saying about Van Buren,
i. 165; Electoral count, ii. 441, 442; Gov-
ernment organization, ii. 449.

Game protection, ii. 206, 211.

Garvey, Andrew J. : in Tweed Ring, i. 472,
495-500; O'Conor's account, i. 502-504;
figures, i. 505-514; frauds, i. 575, 590.

General Government : severed from United
States Bank, i. 127, 128; assumption of



State Debts, i. 16:-*.04 ; public lands,
i. 184, 185; restrictions, i. 271; internal
improvements, i. 283. (See American
System, Banks, Ca^i/ttt, Democratic
Party, Electoral College, Federal Gov-
ernment, South Carolina, States, United
States, etc.)

Genesee Valley Canal: legislation, i. 251,
265, 352: bridge, ii. 183; locks, ii. 184;
cost, ii. 254. (See Canals.)

Geneva, X. Y., harbor, ii. 170.

George III., Colonial tyranny, i. 290.

Georgia: trampling on the Constitution,
i. 12-15; Baltimore Convention, i. 238,
239; population West, i. 316; Carpet-
baggers, i. 444; trust-case, i. 549; dis-
puted vote, ii. 426-429, 435, 444, 445;
Cotton Exposition, ii. 510-513; slavery,
^ ii. 568.

Germans : deprivation of suffrage in Amer-
ica, i. 410; appeal to, i. 450; not so cor-
rupt, i. 488; natural rights, i. 491. (See
Democratic Party.)

Germany: agricultural profits, i. 151: arm}'
cost, i. 403; war with France, ii. 291;
emigrants, ii. 308, 570. (See Europe.)

Gerry, Elbridge, establishment of State De-
partment, i. 33-35.

Giles versus Flagg, i. preface, (xv).

Gladstone, William E. : "tax-estimate, i. 427,
433, 434; financial statement in 1861, i.
456.

Glasgow, Scotland, speech at, i. 433.

God: Shaker promises, i. 100; wise ar-
rangements, i. 222, 225; moral govern-
ment, i. 282; politicians arrogating divine
power, i. 313; river-gifts, i. 352; soil
cursed by, i. 432; acceptable appeal to,
i. 451; thanks to, i.484; blessing sought,
i. 490; gratitude towards, ii."24, 238;
destiny of New York, ii. 216; help in-
voked, ii. 373; in science, ii. 377-379;
implanting timidity, ii. 491; prayer for
aid, ii. 506, 524.

Gold: a stimulus, i. 310; premium, i. 425,
441, ii. 57, 58; production, ii. 231, 232.
(See Banking, Currency, Silver, Specie,
etc.)

Goodsell, State Engineer, i. 357, 358.

Gordon, General: financial measures, i. 75;
Atlanta Exposition, ii. 511.

Gouge, AVm. M., i. 102.

Government: separation from banking, i.
55-87,222-231; local best, i. 290. '(See
America, Currency, Democratic Party,
England, Europe, Federal Government,
General Government, Ifeio York, States,
United States, etc.)

Grafton, Lord, reply to the King, ii. 533.

Grain: prices, i. 104, 134-137; "speculation,
i. 105; connection with currency and
wages, i. 106-164; local market, ii. 51, 60;
production, ii. 231. 232; exports, ii. 251.
(See Corn, O'tts, Wheat, etc.)

Grant, Ulysses S. : Presidential nomination,
i. 421; Tilden's opposition, i. 422-452; in
War and State, i. 447; second nomina-
tion, i. 483: receiving gifts, i. 487; San-
hedrim at Albany, i. 572; third-term am-
bition, ii. 9, 13 ; Ames correspondence, ii.



1XDEX.



585



75-84 ; trials, ii. 346-348 ; Electoral counts,
ii. 385, 426-431, 445; vote, ii. 490; third
candidacy, ii. 499. (See Presidency.)

Grants: general, i. 166-182; of New York
land, i. 186-220. (See Land-grants, New
York, Van Rensstlaer, etc.)

Grass : made to grow, i. 253; product, i. 464.

Gray Nuns, educational certificates, ii. 268,
269. (See Schools.)

Great Britain: early land-grant^-, i. ISO;
Colonial tyranny, i. 290; the Queen's
power, i. 332; emancipation from, i. 395;
army, i. 403; tables of taxes, i. 427-430;
Colonial rupture, i. 448; wealth, i. 455,
456; municipal law, ii. 33; contrast with
America in food, ii. 486, 487 ; Colonial re-
bellion, ii. 508; not the model for America,
ii. 517; king and slavery, ii. 548, 549.
(See American System, England, Europe,
Taxation, etc.)

Great Eastern, steamer, i. 372.

Great Lakes, i. 360. (See Erie, etc.)

Great Republic, ship, too large, i. 372.

Greeley, Horace : recollections, i. 322; statue,
i. 558; city reform, i. 567, 571, 573; Elec-
toral vote," ii. 428, 429, 445.

Green, Andrew H. : sacrificed by the Ring,
i. 498, 571; exposure?, i. 505-514, 572,
589, 591-597 ; Hebrew Fair, ii. 234. (See
Tweed, etc.)

Greene County: Anti-Rent troubles, i. 186,
188, 192-194; police justices, ii. 344.

Greenfield, Ohio, low prices, i. 133.

Grey, Earl, administration, i. 531.

Griswold, Senator, Electoral count, ii. 413.

Grundy: argument on State Debts, i. 162;
Electoral count, ii. 432.

Guatemala, Leggett's mission, i. 39.

Gulf Shore, i. 309.

Gulf Stream, effect on voyaging, i. 349.



HAARLEM RAILROAD, frauds, 5. 488.

Habeas Corpus, suspended, i. 332.

Hall, A. Oakev: election in 1869, i. 467,
62; the Tweed frauds, i. 493-500, 570;
O'Conor's account, i. 501-504; figures, i.
505-511 ; Ring defendant, i. 515-551, 573-
577, 580, 590 ; dictator, i. 605, 606. (See
New York City, etc.)

Hall, John, allusion, ii. 353.

Hamburg Canal, ii. 325. (See Canals.)

Hamilton, Alexander: construction of the
Constitution, i. 40, 53; political plans, i.
46; Report, i. 47; ebony, i. 54; aristocra-
tic bias, i. 83 ; Government deposits, i. 138 ;
leases, i. 187; influence over Kent, i. 284;
his generation, i. 337; opinion of Bun-, i.
396; conservatism, ii. 489; Jefferson's fear
of, ii. 517. (See Banking, United States
Treasury, etc.)

Hampton, Wade : on committee, ii. 530.

Hancock, John: Message, ii. 479, 480; a
founder of the Republic, ii. 533.

Hancock, W. S., nomination, ii. 355.

Hand, Dr., illustration, i. 365, 366.

Hannegan, Senator, in Baltimore Conven-
tion, i. 237.

Hanover, Clay's speech, i. 181.

Hansard's Register, i. 134.



Hardenburg Patent, rents, i. 193.

Hardenburgh's law-case, i. 376.

Harrisburg Convention, i. 163.

Harris, Justice, quoted, i. 544.

Harrison County, Ohio, low prices, 1. 133.

Harrison, William Henry: nomination for
the Presidency, i. 101; pledge as to the
National Bank, i. 122, 123. 181; election
committee, i. 163: jubilant election, i.
165; Electoral count, ii. 417. (See Winy
Party, etc.)

Hart, Emanuel B., Hebrew Fair, ii. 234.

Hatch's convention questions, i. 355, 362.

Hatherley. Lord, legal opinion, i. 539.

Havana, yellow fever, ii. 69.

Havemeyer, Mavor: Ring matters, i. 554-
560, 591, 592,' 598: references in Wick-
ham correspondence, ii. 91-94. (See
Tweed, etc.)

Hayes, Rutherford B. : Electoral vote, ii.
384 ; Florida Electors, ii. 463, 470-473.
(See Republican Party, etc.)

Hay, product, i. 464. (Sec Grass, etc.)

Healis case, i. 524, 541, 542.

Hebrew Charity Fair, Tilden's visit and
speech, ii. 234-236.

Helm, illustration, ii. 367.

Hemp, product, i. 464. (See Corn, Wheat,
etc.)

Hendricks, Thomas A. : nomination in 1876,
ii. 355, 528, 529; Electoral vote, 384
(See Electoral College, Presidency) ; nomi-
nation in 1884, ii. 528, 529.

Henry, Patrick, on Slavery, ii. 549.

Hens, rent paid in, i. 190. * (See Poultry.)

Herkimer Convention, ii. 546.

Hewitt, Abram S.: a civil word, i. 554;
Ring matters, i. 559, 572; Tilden's letter,
ii. 380-383.

Hibbard, George B., Buffalo, ii. 214.

Hilliard's Abridgment, quoted, i. 173.

Hilton, Henry, Ring frauds, i. 571, 573.
(See Ring, Ticeed, etc.)

Hoar, George F., Electoral count, ii. 428.

Hoffman, Michael: respect for, i. 249, 250,
254; canal matters, i. 272, 354, 355, 359;
on Central Park, i. 468; mayor, i. 569,
580, 590.

Hogs: value, i. 357; statistics, i. 461-4G3,
465. (See Beef, Calves, Corn, etc.)

Holland, earlv land-grants by the States-
General, i. lS6.

Holland, William M., editorship of New
York Times, i. 39.

Honey, product, i. 464.

Hopkins, Comptroller, Report, ii. 319.

Hops, product, i. 464.

Horses: value, i. 457; statistics, i. 461-463,
465. (See Cattle, etc.)

House of Representatives, the Presidential
counts, ii. 387-450. (See Congress, Con-
stitution, Senate, etc.)

Houses, cost, ii. 261. (See Buildings.)

Hudson River: freighting establishment, i.
134; Van Rensselaer estate, i. 187. 189,
190; limit, i. 348; smooth, i. 349; head-
waters, i. 350; canal company, i. 375;
freight, i. 378-381; a limit, i. 408, 419;
navigation, ii. 37, 41, 42, 171, 208, 209,
250; ferry, ii. 139, 140; asylum, ii. 162,



586



INDEX.



261; placid, ii. 214, 239; a town estab-
lished, ii.494; picturesque valley, ii. 508.

Hugo, Victor, quoted, ii. 41)1, 492.

Humboldt, on agricultural profits, i. 151.

Hungary, in America, i. 450.

Hunkers, party name, ii. 539.

Hunnicut, Mr.", a poor substitute, i. 4L8.

Hunter Family, leases, i. 193.

Huntington, Mr., letter to, i. 390.

Hunt's canal recommendation, i. 250.

Hydraulics, in the laws, i. 388.

IGNOHANCE, retrograde steps, i. 433. (See
Education, Schools, etc.)

Illinois: agricultural labor, i. 151 ; legal de-
cisions, i. 208, 209; Southern settlers, i.
319; Lincoln's career, i. 338; weight in
Congress, i. 404; suffrage deprivation,
i. 410; Carpet-baggers, i. 444; activity,
ii. 224; law-citation, ii. 481; problem of
transportation, ii. 495 ; admission and
slavery, ii. 550, 558, 5GG, 508. (See
West, Wheat, etc.)

Immigrant.:;: to America, i. 410-420; aid to
the North, i. 400. (See Germans, Irish,
West, etc.)

Impeachment : Nature and Object, i. 472-
48'2; difficulty in Tweed case, i. 472.

Incomes: not to be exceeded, i. 437, ii. 361;
Great Britain, i. 455, 456. (See tiunkiny,
Prices etc.)

Incorporations: special, i. 89-98; moneyed,
i. 164.

Independent Treasury : agitation, i. 55-77;
Bill, i. 78-87; Act passed, i. 101; clamor
against, i. 122, 123; real beginning, i. 138 ;
metallic currency, i. 139-142; effect on
business, i. 143 ; repeal, i. 147 ; law of
the land, i. 148, 155; allusions, ii. 540.
572, 573. (See Banks, Currency, United
States Bank, etc.)

Independent, New York, Sumner letter, i.
509.

India: competition of labor, i. 151; inse-
curity, i. 152; army, i. 441.

Indiana: Southern settlers, i. 319; Con-
gressional weight, i. 404; suffrage depri-
vation, i. 410 ; Carpet-baggers, i. 444 ;
Electoral vote disputed, ii. 407, 408, 436,
442; law-case, ii. 479; products, ii. 495;
admission and slaverv, ii. 550, 557, 566,
568.

Indian Corn Speech, ii. 485-492. (See Corn.)

Indians: trade not forbidden, 5. 14: annui-
ties and settlements, i. 66 ; Anti-Renters,
i. 187 ; suffrage, i. 412; cost of war, i. 442;
War of 1812, ii, 203; Seneca, ii. 210.

Industry: must be free, i. 152; English re-
strictions, i. 154-157; American rewards,
i. 157, 158; variable, i. 195; rights of
American, i. 282; Northern and Southern
systems, i. 303, 396; reanimated, ii. 62.
(See Farmers, Southern Slates, etc.)

Inflation of currency: evils, i. 118, ii. 10,
55; the end, ii. 58. (See Banking, Cur-
rency, Specie, United States Treasury,
etc.)

Ingersoll, James TI. : connection with pub-
lic frauds, i. 472, 495-500, 575; figures,



i. 505-514; law-point, ii. 34. (See Ring,
Tweed, etc.)

Inheritance, laws of, ii. 142-145.

Inman, John 11., International Exposition,
ii. 510.

Insanity: a cause of official change, i. 478;
asylums, ii. 100-164, 260 t-t sty. ; Genesee
County, ii. 343.

Insurance : New York companies, ii. 68-70,
273, 274; Bethlehem, ii. 210.

Intercourse Law, of 1802, i. 13-15.

Interest, legal rate, i.225. (See Banks, Cur-
cncy, Dtbts, etc.)

Internal improvements and General Gov-
ernment, i. 283.

Internal Revenue, i. 425. (See Taxation,
etc.)

International Almanac, i. 458, 459, 463.

Iowa: acquisition, i. 322; activity, ii. 224;
admission and slaverv, ii. 559. (See
West, etc.)

Ireland: agriculture, i. 151; emigrants, i.
412-420, li. 308; garrisons, i, 441; income,
i. 455; municipal reform, i. 540, 541.

Irish: deprivation of suffrage in America,
i. 410; American marriages, i. 413, 419;
appeal to, i. 450; l^ss corrupt, i. 483; nat-
ural claims, i. 491 ; emigrants, ii. 570.
(See Democratic Parly, Germans, etc.)

Irrepressible Conflict, phrase invented, i.
303. (See Seward, Slavery, South, etc.)

Irving, Washington: introduction to Til-
den, i. preface (xii); Knickerbocker His-
tory, i. 454.

Italy, war in, i. 310.



JACKSON, ANDREW: reference, i. preface
(ix, xii, xiii); attitude towards the Nulli-
riers, i. 9-15; re-election, i. 11; Nullifica-
tion, i. 16-19, 285; relation to Van Buren
on this question, i. 20-26 ; opposition to the
United States Bank, i. 27-37, 115, 116;
Leggett's championship, i. 38; Farewell
Address, i. 43; sentiments expressed, i.
45, 46 ; spirit of the Constitution, Mays-
ville veto, i. 54; on finances, i. 65, 66;
representing the masses, i. 77; State banks,
i. 122, 123; quenches sectionalism, i. 293,
294; a Southerner, i. 327; administration,
i.328; compared with Lincoln, i. 329; his



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