Samuel M. (Samuel Melancthon) Worcester.

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is desirable. Reference is made to the younger sons of the
nobility and gentry, to those who now hang on the army and
navy, or overstock the learned professions, or who can find
no employment, &c. &c.

The States and Territories of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana,
Illinois, Wisconsin, Missouri and Iowa, are designated as the
region for the execution of this grand scheme of coloniza-
tion. A pledge, like Father Mathew's temperance pledge,
is required of the emigrant^ that he will labor for the Society
three years, on such terms as will be mutually advantageous.
And it is to be ''arranged, that a Catholic pastor shall al-
ways accompany each body of emigrants, unless the in-
tended location already possesses a Catholic church and a
resident clergyman.^^

The details of this scheme indicate the working of a mas^
terly mind, and a purpose in which the people of this coun-
try have no common interest. My impression is, that I have
seen some notice of the actual commencement of its execu^
tion. It is not time yet to know what favor it is to receive
among those, to whom it is specially addressed. All inter-
ested upon the continent, as well as in Great Britain and Ire^
land, are earnestly invited to co-operate. It may be, that
the present revolutionary agitation for a Repeal of the Union
of Ireland and Great Britain, will be alone sufficient to ren^
der it utterly impracticable for its movers and friends to ac^
complish any of their favorite purposes.*

But leaving this scheme entirely out of account, there are
other movements, which should arouse us to attend to our
work in this vineyard, where the enemy would sow tares in
such lavish profusion. " It is a humiliating fact," says the

* See Note at the end.



27

latest Report of the Massachusetts Missionary Society, ''that
in disseminating the elements of truth and righteousness over
this land, we are every year outdone by those who are scat-
tering abroad the seeds of error and delusion. Not only was
the enemy allowed to sow tares while we slept, but even
when both have been in the field together, the tares have
been cast abroad with a more bountiful hand than the ''good
seed of the kingdom.^' By a comparison of the doings of the
two Societies for the year embraced in their last published
Reports, it appears that the "Society for the Propagation of
the (Catholic) Faith" expended on the field of our liome
missions, $45,000 more than the American Home Mission-
ary Society expended ! Yes, while we, and the many thou-
sands who are associated with us in the effort, were affording
$ 92,000 to maintain the faith that made our fathers free — to
rekindle the tdrch of truth in temples where its light has gone
but, and to shed its rddiance over millions of our countrymen
who sit in darkness, a foreign Roman Catholic association
Were disbursing over the same field, $138,170 to destroy
that faith — to extinguish that light. Why has this been ?
Is there — -or was there ever^, one assignable reason for the ex-
traordinary zeal of European Catholics in this matter, which
does not address itself to us with ten-fold greater force ?"

Every evidence there is, that the emissaries of the Pope
are determined to be before-hand with us, w^herever they can,
and not to follow far behind, wherever we have gone before.
They are acting most manifestly and manfully, as if '^Noio
or never^^ was the rallying cry to stimulate to the very utter-
most of exertion, all who in America or Europe can be band-
ed together, to secure an ascendancy for Papal institutions in
this quarter of the world. Every thing betokens the rapid
approximation of such a contest as has not yet been known,
since the great struggle of the Reformation. Beyond a
doubt, I had almost said, the great battle of the day of God
Almighty is soon to be fought in the Valley of the West.

Praise to God, we can speak and we can write. And no



28^

fiian can here hinder us from pubhshing what we speak and
what we write. We have the argument with us, to an over-
whelming demonstration, in all our reasonings upon Popery.
Only let us have the means of reaching the Catholic popula-
tion of our country, and of disabusing their minds of their
inveterate errors and prejudices, and we have nothing to fear'
from the whole Cathblic church throughout Christendom,
combined in one desperate enterprize to propagate Romanism,
and establish it as the religion of this free country. And
were the Pope himself to transfer* his seat to the Valley of
the West, as, it has been suggested, he might find it for his
interest tO do — I should rather tejoice, and rejoice without
trembling,— provided Pi"otestant patriots and Christians will
simply go forward in the benevolent designs which are now
in operation, and fail not to sustain an educated and perma-
nent ministry df the Gospel.

Most obviously, however, we must not sleep, when such
projects are conceived and openly published, as those which
we have been contemplating. We must pre-oCcupy the
ground so effectually, that our own people will seldom be
beguiled into the adoption of a system, which as a system in
its actual results, where it is seen and known as it is — in
South America, in Italy, in Rome especially, — is a systemj
which no true American citizen can any more embrace, than
he can bend the knee in humble loyalty to a Napoleon or a
Nero.

Let but the emigrants from Catholic countries be at liberty
as heretofore, to send their children to our schools ; let them be
treated kindly, and be respected and esteemed for all which
is worthy of regard ; and we should not have a thousandth
J)art of the occasion which we now^ havcj to put forth a di-
rect and vigorous exertion to repel or counteract the un-
toward tendencies of the religion which they bring with them;
But while now we must treat them as kindly as ever, and
sound no war-cry, as if we accounted them our foes, insidi-
ously plotting against our rights and our hopes, we must not





be recreant to the cause of the memorable Reformation j
faithless to the trust which our fathers committed to our
hands for the glory of God, and false to liberty, truth and
life as in Jesus, our adorable Redeemer.

By ^'the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,''
We can have the victory over Babylon the Great, the
MOTHER OF ABOMINATIONS ; and uubom millions shall give
"glory to God in the highest," for the triumphs of the cross^
which we shall be enabled to achieve. Shall we have it ?
If we would, and would make it sure, we have no time to
waste. Our preparations should be accelerated and multi-^^
plied. At eVery point the minister of Christianity, pure and
undefiled, should be stationed with his Bible, and his Sab-
bath School, and be heard with his living voice, proclaiming
the Bible, as the ^^word of life," and the only infallible rule
of faith and practice. Let this be done, and the Pope shall
lose a hundred of his vassals, where he shall gain one Prot-
estant, as a trophy of the success of his ^'Society for the
Propagation of the (Catholic) Faith."

Much as might further be said upon this source of danger
to our civil institutions and our religion, I am by no means
so much alarmed by any operations of the Jesuits, as by the
prevalence of those modes of doctrine and means of moral
influence, which, under the name of a purer Christianity and
a holier zeal for God, tend most fatally towards the destruc-
tion of all confidence in the Scriptures, as ''given by inspira-
tion," and consequently of all faith in the Gospel of Christ
and him crucified. Far legs to be dreaded by the enlighten-
ed patriot and Christian, is Romanism in the country at large
tDr at the West in particular, than are those heterogeneous
forms and shapes and monstrosities of error and delusion, by
which so many of the unwary and unstable are "taken cap-
tive by Satan at his will." With so much that is absurd and
ridiculous, so much that is most flagrantly inconsistent with the
plain and unequivocal instructions of the unerring truth of
God, and such an endless diversity of "commandments of



20

hlen'^ ^'for doctrines/' and pretensions of superior illumina"^
tion and holiness, and bitter opposition to the simphcity and
the real benevolence of the Gospel of peace and love, it is no
matter of marvel, that serious and sober-minded persons should
be utterly disgusted, and that the ''evil heart of unbelief"
should be "hardened" into the veriest adamant of infidelity.
If the right counteracting, remedial efficiency be not season-
ably employed, those thousands of open and uublushing infi^
dels of whom we now hear, will have become teiis of thous^
ands. And who can exaggerate the pernicious and deadly
influence of such men, as it is most assiduously exerted in
private circles, in Idrge villages and cities, in the halls of state
legislation, and oil the floor of Congress ? In the character
of some, who have risen to the high places of the land, we
have already seen enough to make us tremble and quake^
with most fearful and agitating looking for of that which may
yet be disclosed.

But the mass of the population of the West will assuredly
have some kind of religion, whatever may be the increase of
avowed infidels. And for us, my brethren, it is a question of
immeasurable interest, whether their predominant religion
shall be that of ourselves, of the fathers of New England, the
champions of the Reformation, and the martyrs of Jesus, in
the earlier and in the latter ages of persecution, for "the

FAITH ONCE (oNCE FOR ALl) DELIVERED TO THE SAINTS.'^

Character, too, the people of the West will have. And up-
on what we now do, and what others do, who are like-minded
and like-hearted, may depend, far more than we may have
been willing to believe or imagine, what that character shall
he, in its most distinctive, operative, and influential develop-
ment.

At immense disadvantage would the work, which is now
given us to do, be undertaken by the next generation of
American Christians. You may deliberate and question, if
you will, whether now to send a missionary to Patagonia, or to
Japan, or to China, or whether you will wait for another year.



31

©r bequeath the inquiry of duty to your children. But not sq
with home missions. Noio, now, NOW, — or, I had almost
said, and I will say, NEVER. As well might the husband-
man keep his seed in the granary, until mid-winter, and then
sow that he may reap, as for us to delay the work, which the
Home Missionary must do, and expect that another genera-i
tion will be as ready to become a people for God, and that in
the meantime, our institutions of freedom and our Protestant
faith shall have suffered no detriment.

To-day^ then, let the work be done. Let us go to it, at
once. Let no one be appalled or disheartened, by the mag-
tiitude or the difficulties of the enterprize before us. Take
the population of the West, with all the obstacles and disad-
vantages by which we shall be opposed and embarrassed in
our efforts to establish the influence of a pure and undefiled
religion, it is still true, that in all the world there is no
"whiter" field for a spiritual and glorious harvest, welcoming-
the missionary laborers of Jesus Christ. No where upon the
face of the earth can such a harvest be reaped at so small an
expense of toil or treasure. It costs less by four-fifths or
five-sixths to apply the requisite labor to Home Missions, as
compared with Foreign Missions, And whether the conver-
sion of one soul beyond the Alleghanies be not as important
to the ultimate evangelization of the world, as the conversion
of any idolater, civilized, semi-civilized, or savage^s a point
of inquiry, upon which much may be said, that would greatly
expand and illuminate our conceptions of the comparative
claims of the Home Missionary enterprise.

This enterprise God has signally blessed. Look, for ex-
ample, at the general results, as given a year or two since, in
a most valuable pamphlet, entitled "Our Country."

" If we look back over the years that have elapsed since
this Society was organized, we find the Gospel preached by
its missionaries to destitute congregations, numbering from
196 to 1,025 annually — amounting in all to more than a
million of our fellow-countrymen; and an aggregate of service



32

performed equal to 5,7*25 years. Under the labors of these
inissionaries, it may be safely estimated that not less than
55,000 souls have been born into the kingdom of God. Hun-
dreds of churches have been organized, some of w^hich have
. already become the most efficient helpers in extending the
blessings of salvation ; hundreds of houses have been erect-
ed, in w^hich these churches pay their vows to God ; and
hundreds of young men, nurtured in these churches, are in
training for the ministry, or have already entered it. En-
lightening and redeeming influences which no man can num-
ber, which neither space nor time can limit, have gone out
in every direction from these spots, blessed by the benefac-
tions of the people of God ; and when the final issue of them
all shall be disclosed, and we see no longer through a glass
darkly — then shall we know, as we cannot know now, the
effect of the gospel sustained at 2500 points, en the great
lines of inter-communication, the rivers, canals and rail-roads,
and in the valleys, forests, prairies, and on the rnountains of
our extended intervals. Then shall we know as we cannot
ROW know, how this blessed influence has mingled with th^
¥ital current that circulates through all the arteries of the
social system, infusing moral health into the constitution of
this great people ; adding authority to the laws ; fostering
education in all its interests, from the infant school up to the
college ; sustaining the Sabbath ; promoting temperance in
the enjoyment of the blessings of this life, and preparation
for that which is to come."

And were the more particular results to be given, it is
hardly a figure to say, there would be no end to the books
which might be written. But the record is on high, and
whoever has had part in the means by which salvation has
been carried to the destitute, and wandering, and perishing,
shall ''in no wise lose his reward."

My sentiments of warm regard for other departments of
Christian enterprise^-especially the great department, whose
^'iield is the world;" — you have all had some occasion to



know. I would not have any of you, either now or hereaf-
ter, contribute a dollar or a mill the less than you have, that
the name of Jesus may be proclaimed in every language, to
every creature. But as I love Foreign Missions the more, I
surely love Home Missions the more also. Never, never
should these be regarded but as one.

Were it necessary, it could be shown, that the American
Board are now receiving most important support from church-
es, which have been called into being or essentially sustained,
by Home Missionary organizations. And whoever desires and
prays most fervently, that the kingdoms of this world may all
become the kingdoms of our Lord and his Christ, will be
constrained by his love to his master's kingdom, to do with
his might what his hands find to do, that our whole land may
be Immanuel's.

In regard to Home Missions, I most cordially adopt the
maxim, so often abused, — Charity begins at home. Those
for whom we would labor in love and in faith, are our breth-
ren as are none other people under heaven. Among them,
as I need not remind you, are those who have gone out from
this very congregation and church, and who are located
where they feel the urgent need of our sympathy, our prayers,
and our contributions. So it is all over New England.

My brethren, what need we more of motive, to inspire us
with a holy ardor and energy in the performance of this our
work, for the glory of our God and Saviour, in the salvation
of tens of thousands, and of thousands of thousands. No-
thing, O nothing, if there be in us, in the humblest measure,
*^the same mind which was also in Christ Jesus."

We must do the work that is to be done in our own coun-
try, or none others will. From no other land can we expect
assistance. And to our shame would it be, if we had the
least desire that others should do, what so peculiarly belongs
to us, as our privilege and our right. I would thank no man
for taking from me the humble share of sendee, which I may
|>e able to render to my country and my God, in promoting
5



34

the establishment of an evangelical ministry, in every inhab-
ited region and every available locality, from ocean to ocean,
and from the lakes of the North to the gulf of the South.
With such a ministry, a people will infallibly enjoy those lit-
erary and philanthropic institutions and associations, vi^hich,
under the guardian care of a guiding Providence, are the true
glory of our national elevation. I envy no man his feelings,
if he can turn from an appeal for an object of such exalted
benevolence, of moral grandeur so holy and so immeasura-
ble, as if it vi^ere in his heart to say — -"Am I my brother's
keeper ?"

My brethren, God has given us a glorious work. If we
will but do it, as his children, we shall receive a recompense
of immortal satisfaction and blessedness. What could be
grander in conception, than the results which we may behold
in vision ? O if those three hundred millions of the next
century, or century and a half, shall be a people for God ;
if the religion of Jesus Christ shall have its rightful and tri-
umphant ascendency, from these shores of the Atlantic to
the rocks of the mountains, where rise the Missouri and the
Columbia, and beyond those mountains to the waters of the
broad Pacific ; if the sacred institutions of religion, and lib-
erty, and law, which, with prayers and toils, and tears and
blood, have been purchased for our priceless possession, to
]je enjoyed, improved, transmitted and perpetuated, shall
be so enjoyed, improved, transmitted and perpetuated, that
this land, for ages and ages, if not down through all time,
shall be the land of the free, the intelligent, the virtuous, the
godly, and the happy ; — what more could a pious patriot need
to fill up the measure of his earthly blessedness, before his
translation to that "better country, even an heavenly" ?
Too much it may be, far too much, for this land or this
world, that such a consummation shall ever be reahzed*
But, my brethren, let it not be through any disobedience of
ours to the will of our fathers' God, or any neglect of ours
to discharge the solemn responsibility of our momentous



position, that aught shall fail of being done^ which might
have secured such a consummation. If it can be said of us,
that we have done what we could, our reward shall be in
glory above the brightness of the firmamentj forever and evero

AMEN.



NOTE. (See p. 26.)

While this discourse has been passing through the press, an interesting letter
from Rev. Dr. Baird, has been published in the New England Puritan of July
2lst, by which it appears, that the project of planting Irish Catholics in our
Western States, is actually going into experiment. Dr. B. writes from Glasgow^
Scotland, under date of June 16, 1843.

Among his fellow passengers in the Britannia, was a Mr. Oakley, from Illinois,
who informed him, he says, "that the plan is now matured, and that a company
has been formed in Great Britain, composed of wealthy Irish and English Roman
Catholic gentlemen; that the sum of two hundred thousand pounds sterling (near-
ly one million of dollars) has been subscribed as a capital; and that he had re-
ceived a letter from Mr. Charles Mathew, (a brother of Father Mathew) inform-
ing him that the first company of colonists will soon be ready to sail. To look,
after this whole enterprise, in which he acts as agent and factor of the said com-
pany, Mr. Oakley now visits Europe."

Dr. B. then gives an outline of the plan, as received from Mr. Oakley, whicli
corresponds entirely with the sketch in the discourse. The author of the plan, it
appears, is "an Irish or English Roman Catholic banker in London, of the name
of Wright."

In the opinion of Dr. B. "it is no visionary affair." He supposes "that the
first company of emigrants sent forth upon this plan will reach our shores this
summer, and others will soon follow. If we were ever so much disposed to pre-
vent this scheme from going into operation, it is out of our power to do so. And
however formidable it may look, we have got to meet it with courage. So long
as Roman Catholic emigrants become dispersed among us, I have no sort of fear, if
Protestant Christians do their duty. And even when grouped together upon the
plan proposed, it is not likely that in a country like ours, where every thing is in
motion, they can be kept long together," &c. &c.

"This augmented immigration of Catholics among lis, certainly will impose
great responsibility, and call us to great exertion. But let us have courage. God
sends them to us, in order that they may be made to know the true Gospel. Let
us receive them kindly, treat them kindly, and seek by all possible ways that are
Christian, to win them to the truth. On this subject I hayc more to eay, but
have not time for it now."



36

A suggestion may be added here, in reply to the very plausible pretensions oT
the Catholic clergy and others, concerning the books which are used in public
schools. They contend, that as the Catholics and members of other sects are
taxed for the support of the schools, no books should be used in them, which con-
tain sentiments in opposition to their doctrines and practices. Now this argur
ment virtually assumes, that no regulation of government should be maintained,
unless agreeable to all whom it affects. If a minority oppose, the majority must
yield ! How much could ever be accomplished, if such a pretension were gener-
ally admitted 1

The'argument above-mentioned is entirely unsound, whether urged by native-
born citizens, or by those who have come in among us from other lands. But in
regard to these last, it would seem reasonable, that they especially should yield a
quiet support to the institutions which our fathers founded; rather than claim the
right to revolutionize or re-model ihem, according to their peculiar pleasure. We
have bid them welcome to our shores. We would lay no burdens upon them.
Whenever we can, we would do them good. Still, it is not to be expected of us,
that we should renounce or compromise any principles, which, in our deliberate
and conscientious judgment, are vital to the prosperity and the existence of ouf
republic. The taxes which are paid by any class of the community, are but as
*'the small dust of the balance," in comparison ^vith the privileges, which al!
may enjoy, in the free States of the Union.



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4 UM. m-<jAijXx-i>i^A^ umiiU&mmy \



ON THE



PROSPECTIVE CONDITION OF OUR COUNTRY:



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WITH A



TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF PRESIDENT TAYLOR.



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Tke Prospective Condition of our Country : with a Tribute
to the Memory of President Taylor.



DISCOURSE,

DELIVERED IN THE TABERNACLE CHURCH, SALEM,

SABBATH AFTERNOON, AUG-. 4, 1850.



BY REV. SAMUEL M. WORCESTER, D. D.



JOSHUA xiii. 1.
THERE REMAINETH YET VERY MUCH LA.ND TO BE POSSESSED.

These words are a part of the instructions to Joshua, in
reference to the divine will for the entire conquest of the
territory, which had been promised to the seed of Abraham.
The work which was yet unfinished, it was for the different
tribes, but especially for a part of them, to take in charge ; and
they had the fullest encouragement to go forward. Just so far
as they obeyed God, trusting in his strength and truth, so far,
and so far only, they went from conqu*^ring to conquer.

It is well known to you, that the fathers of New England
had a peculiar pleasure in comparing their condition with that
of the chosen people. Our early history is full of references
and allusions, from which it appears as if many of them were
fully persuaded, that they were themselves as much under the
special direction and guardianship of Jehovah, as the Hebrews
were, when they left Egypt ; or when they received the law of
Sinai; or when under Joshua they passed over Jordan; and
when they had established their commonwealth in the guilty
land, which, in the fearfully significant language of the record,
" vomiied out her inhabitants." While I am not in favor of
forcing resemblances or analogies, or of being positive and un-


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