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Swiss in, 153;
Dalmatians in, 171;
Portuguese in, 184;
discovery of gold, 188;
Chinese in, 189-190;
"California for Americans," 190;
constitution (1879), 194;
legislation against Chinese, 194-95;
vote for Garfield (1880), 197 (note);
Japanese in, 203;
Alien Land Act (1913), 206;
Italians in, 211

Campo Bello, Island, Fenians attempt to land on, 119

Canada, fugitive slaves, 54;
Irish come through, 109;
Fenian raids, 120;
deflects migration to United States, 150

Carbonari, Cabet and, 98

Carolinas, English settle, 5;
Scotch-Irish in, 12;
Scotch in, 12;
Germans in, 14;
cosmopolitan character of, 18;
Irish in, 105;
_see also_ North Carolina, South Carolina

Castle Garden, landing place for immigrants in New York, 224, 225

Catholics, in Maryland, 13;
Irish, 114;
prejudice against, 115-16;
American Protective Association against, 222

Census (1790), 24-25, 29;
_A Century of Population Growth_ (1909), 24;
(1800), 25;
tables, 26-28;
(1900), 38-39;
slaves in United States, 47;
Bulletin No. 129, _Negroes in the United States_, cited, 61 (note);
(1910), Germans in United States, 125;
foreigners in United States, 125-26 (note);
foreign born on farms, 150-51 (note), 161;
Italians in New York City, 180 (note);
distribution of American white population, 187

Channing, Edward, _History of the United States_, quoted, 46-47

Charleroi (Penn.), foreigners in, 217

Charleston (S.C.), French in, 16;
Germans in, 127

Charlestown (Mass.), Ursuline convent burned, 116

Cheltenham, Icarians in, 100

Chestnutt, C.W., negro novelist, 64

Chicago, Irish in, 113;
Germans in, 135;
Bohemians in, 165;
Poles in, 167 (note);
Bulgarians in, 170;
Hungarian Jews in, 178;
Italians in, 180;
papers announce land for sale, 209

Chicopee, Poles in, 214

China, Burlingame treaty, 195-196, 197;
treaty (1880), 198-199;
treaty (1894), 202

Chinese, in United States, 188-203;
societies, 192;
mission to United States (1868), 195;
exclusion act, 199, 201;
Scott Act, 201;
Geary law, 201

Cincinnati, Irish in, 113;
German center, 135

Cities, immigration to, 162 _et seq._;
cosmopolitanism, 185;
racial changes in, 219-20

Civil Rights Act, 59

Civil War, German immigrants during, 130

Cleveland, Grover, messages to Congress on Chinese agitation, 201;
vetoes Lodge bill, 227-28

Cleveland, Irish in, 113;
Germans in, 135;
Bohemians in, 165;
Italians in, 180

Cocalico River, cloister of Ephrata on, 70

Colorado, Japanese in, 204

Coman, _Industrial History of the United States_, cited, 52 (note)

Communistic colonies, 67 _et seq._;
Labadists, 68-69;
Pietists, 69-70;
Ephrata, 70-72;
Snow Hill, 72;
Bethlehem, 72;
Harmonist, 72-77;
Harmony, 73;
New Harmony, 74-75, 94-96;
Economy, 75-77;
Zoar, 78-80;
Inspirationists, 80-84;
Ebenezer, 81;
Amana, 82-84;
Bishop Hill Colony, 85-89;
Old Elmspring Community, 89-90;
Shakers, 91-92;
Oneida Community, 92-93;
Robert Owen and, 94-96;
Brook Farm, 97;
Fourierism, 96-97, 101-02;
Icaria, 97-101;
bibliography, 238-39

Congress, noted members from American stock, 42;
authorizes Freedmen's Bureau (1865), 57;
immigration law (1819), 103;
laws against German newspapers, 144;
German-American League incorporated by, 145;
charter of German-American League revoked, 145;
Homestead Law (1862), 148;
grants land to French, 152;
Cleveland's special messages, 201;
Scott Act, 201;
Geary law, 201;
extends Chinese exclusion to Hawaii (1898), 202;
Lincoln's message, Dec. 8. 1863, 222;
and regulation of immigration, 225;
Lodge bill, 227-28;
Roosevelt's messages, 229

Connecticut, Shakers in, 91

Connecticut Valley, Poles in, 214-15

Considérant, Victor, 101

Constantinople, cosmopolitanism compared with American cities, 186

Constitution, Fifteenth Amendment, 59

Coolidge, M.R., _Chinese Immigration_, quoted, 192, 193-94

Cotton, effect on slavery, 52

Coxsackie (N.Y.), communistic attempt at, 96

Croatians, as South Slavs, 164;
in United States, 171, 172;
in Johnstown (Penn.), 216;
in Granite City (Ill.), 217

Cumberland (Wis.), Italian colony, 212

Cumberland Mountains, fugitive slaves in, 54


Dakotas, frontiersmen in, 36;
Germans in, 141;
Scandinavians in, 156, 157;
"Scandinavian language" in universities, 158-59;
Slavs in, 213;
_see also_ South Dakota

Dallas (Tex.), Italians in, 211

Dalmatians, as South Slavs, 164;
in United States, 171-172;
on Pacific slope, 213

Danes, in America, 154, 156;
character, 154;
_see also_ Scandinavians

DeLancey, Stephen, 16

Delaware, not represented in first census, 25;
second census (1800), 25;
Labadists in, 68-69;
Scandinavian colony, 156;
racial changes in manufacturing towns, 216

Democratic party on restriction of immigration, 226

Denver, anti-Chinese riots, 197-98 (note)

Detroit, Irish in, 113;
Germans in, 135;
Poles in, 167 (note);
Italians in, 180

Devotionalists, 85-89, 90

Douglass, Frederick, 64

DuBois, W.E.B., negro scholar, 64

Duluth, Finnish college near, 160

Dunbar, P.L., negro poet, 64

Dunkards, 70

Dunkers, 13

Dutch, in United States, 17-18;
number of immigrants, 153


Ebenezer Society, 81

Economy, Harmonists establish, 75;
Rapp as leader, 75-76;
as a communistic community, 76-77;
membership, 76 (note);
Amana gains members from, 83

Emmet, Robert, emigration from Ireland after failure of, 105

England, reasons for expansion, 2-3;
imports, 3;
social and religious changes, 6-7;
kidnaping, 8;
emigration of poor, 9, 110, 111;
criminals sent to colonies, 9;
and Ulster, 10;
French Protestants flee to, 15;
Jews in, 16;
industrial revolution and the American negro, 52;
emigration from, 150

English, in Virginia, 1;
in New World, 2-10;
serving class, 8;
Nonconformists in Manhattan, 17;
and Dutch, 17-18;
and French, 18;
on land, 151;
in Johnstown (Penn.), 216;
in Granite City (Ill.), 217;
in coal mines of Pennsylvania, 218

Ephrata, 70-72

Erie, Fort, Fenians hold, 120

Europe, migrations, 1-2;
immigration from, 103;
_see also_ names of peoples


Fairchild, H.P., quoted, 183

Faneuil, Peter, 16

Fenian movement, 118-21

Finns in America, 160, 176, 185

Fiske, John, on Scotch-Irish in colonies, 12 (note);
_The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America_, cited, 14 (note)

Fitchburg, Poles in, 214

Fleming, W.L., _The Sequel of Appomattox_, cited, 57 (note)

Florida, fugitive slaves in, 54

Follenius quoted, 135-36

Ford, H.J., _The Scotch-Irish in America_, quoted, 31

Forestville (Ind.), communistic attempt, 96

Fourierism in United States, 93, 96-97, 101-02

Franklin, Benjamin, estimates population of Pennsylvania (1774), 12 (note)

Franklin (N.Y.), communistic attempt at, 96

Freedmen's Bureau, 57, 58

French, Protestants leave France, 15;
forts and trading posts of, 18;
in United States, 151-53;
in Charleroi (Penn.), 217;
_see also_ Huguenots

French Canadians in New England, 122, 152, 215

Frontiersmen, 34-36


Gallipolis (O.) settled by French, 151

Galveston, Italians in, 211

Garfield, J.A., and Chinese immigration, 197 (note)

Garland, Hamlin, _A Son of the Middle Border_, 36-37

Gary (Ind.), character of town, 216-17

Genoa (Wis.), Italian colony, 212

Georgia, English settle, 5;
not represented in first census, 25

German-American League, 145

Germans, in Pennsylvania, 13, 14;
lured by "soul-stealers," 15;
religious communists from, 68 _et seq._;
contrasted with Irish, 124;
immigration tide, 124 _et seq._;
first period of migration, 126-29;
second period of migration, 129-40;
causes of emigration, 130;
sailing conditions, 134;
social life, 137, 140;
laborers, 137, 141;
"Forty-eighters," 137-138;
contribution to America, 139;
newspapers, 139, 142-144;
number of immigrants (1870-1910), 141;
third period of migration, 141-46;
Prussian spirit among later immigrants, 142-44;
propaganda, 143-45;
"exchange professors," 144;
in Great War, 146;
in Johnstown (Penn.), 216;
in Granite City (Ill.), 217;
in coal mines of Pennsylvania, 218

Germantown (Penn.), founded, 13;
Pietists at, 69

Giessener Gesellschaft, 136

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, 5

Godin, J.B.A., 102

Granite City (Ill.), Bulgarians in, 170;
racial changes in, 217

Great Britain, immigrants from, 103;
record of emigration, 104;
_see also_ England, English, Irish, Scotch, Scotch-Irish, Welsh

Great Lakes, French on, 18

Great War, German newspapers in, 143-44;
soldiers of German descent in, 146;
Poland and, 168;
effect on immigration, 233

Greeks in United States, 183, 217

Greeley, Horace, 97

Guise, only successful Fourieristic colony, 102


Häcker, J.G., quoted, 133-34 (note)

Hadley, Poles in, 214-15

Hakluyt, Richard, quoted, 4

Hamburg, German emigrants embark at, 134

Hammonton (N.J.), Italian colony at, 212

Harmonists, 72-77

Harmony, town established, 73

Harmony Society, 73

Harvard College, 8

Hatchet Men, 193

Haverstraw (N.Y.), communistic attempt at, 96

Havre, German emigrants embark at, 134

Hayes, R.B., vetoes amendment to Burlingame treaty, 197;
appoints commission to negotiate new treaty with China, 198

Hessians, settle in America, 129;
Giessener Gesellschaft, 136

Heynemann, Barbara, leader of Inspirationists, 81, 82

Highbinders, 193

Hindoos in United States, 207

Holland, French Protestants flee to, 15;
Spanish and Portuguese Jews find refuge in, 16-17;
Inspirationists, 80

Holland (Mich.), center of Dutch influence, 153

Homestead Law (1862), 148

"Hooks and Eyes," nickname for Amish, 68 (note)

Houston (Tex.), Italians in, 211

Hudson Valley, Dutch in, 17

Huguenots in Manhattan, 17;
_see also_ French

Hungarians, _see_ Jews, Magyars

Hungary, Mennonites in, 89

Hutter, Jacob, Mennonite martyr, 89


I.W.W., _see_ Industrial Workers of the World

Icaria, 97-101

Icaria-Speranza community, 101

Idaho, Japanese in, 204

Illinois, admitted as State (1818), 33;
frontiersmen in, 36;
"Underground Railway" in, 54;
negroes in, 62;
Bishop Hill Colony, 85-89;
Swedish immigration, 91;
Icarians in, 99-100;
Germans in, 134, 137;
Norwegians, 155;
Scandinavians in, 156;
Poles in, 160, 167, 213;
Slovenians in, 173;
racial changes in coal regions of, 219

Immigration (1790-1820), 32;
legislation, 201, 207, 222 _et seq._;
present opportunities, 208-10;
Lincoln on, 222;
only attempt of Federal Government to encourage, 222-23;
state regulation, 224-25;
bibliography, 235-236;
_see also_ names of peoples

Immigration Commission, created, 230;
and Japanese, 204

Independence (La.), Italians in, 211

Indiana, admitted as State (1816), 33;
western migration through, 36;
"Underground Railway" in, 54;
negroes in, 62;
New Harmony, 74-75, 94-96;
Germans in, 134;
Scotch and English in, 151;
Italian farmers in, 212;
Poles in, 213;
racial changes in coal regions, 219

Indianapolis, Bulgarians in, 170

Indians real Americans, 22

Indians, East, in America, 207

Industrial Commission, on Polish immigrants, 167;
report on immigration, 228

Industrial Workers of the World, Finns in, 160

Inspirationists, 80-84

Iowa, frontiersmen in, 36;
Inspirationists in, 82-84;
Icarians in, 101;
Germans in, 134, 141;
Slavs in, 213

Irish, in America, 6, 103 _et seq._;
half population of Ireland emigrates to America, 104;
reasons for emigration, 105-107;
in Continental Army, 108;
pauper immigrants from, 110;
travel conditions for immigrants, 111-12;
present immigration, 121;
economic advance in America, 122-23;
contrasted with Germans, 124;
number of immigrants (1820-1910), 150;
in New England mills, 215;
in Lawrence (Mass.), 216;
in Johnstown (Penn.), 216;
in Granite City (Ill.), 217;
in coal mines of Pennsylvania, 218

Irish Republican Brotherhood, 119

Isaacks, Isaac, 30

Italians, in South, 65, 210-11;
as laborers, 122;
in United States, 180-83;
on poor land, 210;
in New England mills, 215;
in Pennsylvania, 216, 217, 218


Jahn, F.L., organizes _Turnvereine_, 131

James, Henry, on foreigners in Boston, 162-63

Jansen, Olaf, 88, 89

Janson, Eric, 85-87, 89

Jansonists, 85-89, 90

Japan, agreement with (1907), 205-06

Japanese, in United States, 203-207;
hostility toward, 205-207;
order of exclusion from United States, 206

Jay, John, 16

Jews, in America, 16-17, 176-180;
Spanish-Portuguese, 177;
German, 177;
Austrian, 178;
Hungarian, 178;
Russian, 178-79

Johnstown (Penn.), racial changes in, 216

Joliet (Ill.), Slovenians in, 172


Kansas, Germans in, 141;
Scandinavians in, 156;
Slavs in, 213

Kapp, Frederick, 129, 140

Kaskaskia, French settle, 152

Kearney, Dennis, 193

Kelpius, Johann, leader of Pietists, 69

Kendal (O.), communistic attempt at, 96

Kentucky, not represented in First Census, 25;
admitted as State (1792), 33;
pioneers leave, 36

Kidnaping, labor brought to America by, 8

"Know-Nothing" party, 114, 221

Kotzebue, German publicist, 131

Kruszka, Rev. W.X., estimates number of Poles, in United States, 167 (note)

Ku Klux Klan, 58


Labadists, 68-69

Labor, kidnaping of, 8;
indentured service, 9-10;
Scotch political prisoners sold into service, 12-13;
negro, 60-63;
Irish displaced by other nationalities, 121-22;
Italian, 181;
Chinese, 190-91;
attitude toward Chinese, 193, 194;
treaty limiting Chinese,198;
bill to prohibit immigration of Chinese, 199;
Scott Act, 201;
Japanese, 204;
racial changes in, 216-17;
law to aid importation of contract labor, 222;
contract labor excluded, 225

Lafayette, Marquis de, visits Gallipolis, 152

Land, immigrants on the, 147 _et seq._;
immigrants on abandoned or rejected land, 208-214

Laurens, Henry, 16

Lawrence (Mass.), racial changes in, 215-16

Lee, Ann, founder of Shakers, 91, 92

Legislation, negro, 59-60;
Chinese immigration, 199-200, 201-03;
California Alien Land Act, 206-07;
immigration, 222 _et seq._

Lehigh River, Moravian community on, 72

Lehman, Peter, 72

Lesueur, C.A., 95

Levant, immigrants from the, 184

Limestone Ridge, Battle of, 120

Lincoln, Abraham, father a pioneer, 36;
message to Congress Dec. 8, 1863, 222

Literacy test for immigrants, in Lodge bill, 227;
rejected in law of 1903, 228-29;
executive disapproval of, 231;
bill passes over veto (1917), 232;
provisions of act, 232

Lithuanians in United States, 174-75

Liverpool, Irish immigrants at, 111, 112 (note)

Lockwood, G.B., _The New Harmony Movement_, cited, 96 (note)

Lodge, H.C., _The Distribution of Ability in the United States_, 39-41, 43;
immigration bill, 227

Logan, James, Secretary of Province of Pennsylvania, on Scotch-Irish, 11-12

London, German emigrants embark at, 134

Los Angeles, anti-Chinese riots, 191

Louis Philippe visits Gallipolis, 152

Louisiana, admitted as State (1812), 33;
American migration to, 34;
Icarians in, 99;
Italians in, 211

Louisiana Purchase (1803), 147


McCall, of Massachusetts, introduces Lodge bill in House, 227

McCarthy, Justin, quoted, 106;
cited, 107

Macedonia, Bulgarians from, 170

McGee, T. D'A., leader of "Young Ireland" party, 120-121

Maclure, William, "Father of American Geology," 94-95

Macluria (Ind.), communistic attempt, 96

McMaster, J.B., _History of the People of the United States_, quoted, 152

McParlan, James, 118

Macy, Jesse, _The Anti-Slavery Crusade_, cited, 54 (note)

Madison, James, on population of New England, 34

Madison (Ill.), racial changes in, 217

Magyars, distinct race, 174;
in United States, 175-76;
in Granite City (Ill.), 217

Maine, Shakers in, 91

Mainzer Adelsverein, 136

Manchester (England), Shakers originate in, 91

Manhattan, Jewish synagogue in (1691), 16;
Dutch in, 17;
cosmopolitan character, 17;
Norwegian Quakers land on, 155;
_see also_ New York City

Marion, Francis, 16

Marx, Karl, 179

Maryland, English settle, 5-6;
recruits schoolmasters from criminals, 9;
Scotch-Irish in, 11, 12;
Scotch in, 12;
Irish in, 13;
Germans in, 127;
Poles in, 213

Massachusetts, French in, 15;
Shakers in, 91;
Brook Farm, 97

Mather, Cotton, on Scotch-Irish, 11

Mayer, Brantz, _Captain Canot: or Twenty Years in a Slaver_, quoted, 48

Meade, General, against Fenians, 120

Mennonites, 13, 68 (note)

_Mercury_, New York, quoted, 108

Metz, Christian, leader of Inspirationists, 81, 82

Mexican War extends United States territory, 33, 148

Mexicans, feeling against, in California, 190

Michigan, admitted as State (1837), 33;
Germans in, 134;
Scotch and English in, 151;
Dutch in, 153;
Scandinavians in, 156;
farms for sale in, 209;
Slavs in, 212;
racial changes in ore regions of, 219

Mikkelsen, quoted, 90-91

Milwaukee, "the German Athens," 135;
Poles in, 167 (note)

Minnesota, frontiersmen in, 36;
Scandinavians in, 157;
"Scandinavian language" in university, 158-59;
Slavs in, 212;
racial changes in ore regions of, 219

Mississippi, admitted as State (1817), 33;
American migration to, 34;
Dalmatians in, 171

Mississippi River, French on, 18

Mississippi Valley, fugitive slaves in, 54;
Irish in, 108;
German influence, 135;
French in, 152;
Bohemians in, 159

Missouri, admitted as State (1821), 33;
frontiersmen in, 36;
Germans in, 134;
Giessener Gesellschaft in, 136

Mohawk Valley, Germans in, 127

Molly Maguires, society among anthracite coal miners, 117-118

Monroe, James, and Owen, 94

Montenegrins, as South Slavs, 164;
in United States, 171

Moravians, 13, 17, 72, 165

More, Sir Thomas, _Utopia_, 98

Mormons, 87

Mount Lebanon, Shaker community, 91

Mount Vernon, nationalities represented on July 4, 1918, at, 233


Names, disappearance of, 24-25 (note);
modifications, 30

Nantes, Edict of, revocation of, 15

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 63

National Civil Federation calls immigration conference (1905), 229

Nauvoo (Ill.), Icarians at, 99-100, 101

Navigation Laws, 106

Nebraska, Germans in, 141;
Scandinavians in, 156;
Bohemians in, 159;
Slavs in, 213

Neef, Joseph, 95

Negroes, 45 _et seq._;
identified with America, 45;
most distinctly foreign element, 46;
tribes represented among slaves, 49;
mutual benefit organizations, 51-52, 63;
population (1860), 56;
education, 57;
religion, 57;
as farmers, 59-60;
advance, 64;
characteristics shown by neglected gardens, 64-65;
bibliography, 236-37;
_see also_ Africans, Slavery, Slave trade

Nevada, vote for Garfield (1880), 197 (note)

New Amsterdam, Jews come to, 16

New Bedford, Portuguese in, 184

New Bern, Germans in, 127

New England, English settle, 5-6;
dissenters found, 8;
Scotch-Irish leave, 11;
Dutch and, 17;
Madison on population of, 34;
slavery, 51;
"Underground Railway" in, 54;
capital in slave trade, 56;
Montenegrins and Serbians in, 171;
Portuguese in, 184;
abandoned farms, 209;
Poles in, 213;
Slavs in, 214;
racial changes in mills, 215-16

_New Era_ founded by McGee, 121 (note)

New Hampshire, Shakers in, 91

New Harmony (Ind.), Rapp's colony, 74-75;
sold to Robert Owen, 75;
Owen's colony, 94-96

New Jersey, English settle, 5;
not represented in first census, 25;
census computations for 1790, 28-29;
Germans in, 127;
racial changes in manufacturing towns, 216

New Netherland, 17

New Orleans, Spain acquires, 18;
Icarians in, 99;
Irish in, 113;
Dalmatians in, 171;
Italians in, 180, 211

New York (State), Germans in, 14;
French in, 15;
Jews in, 16;
western part settled, 33;
migration through, 36;
slavery, 50-51;
"Underground Railway" in, 54;
and slave trade, 56;
negroes in, 62;
Shakers in, 91;
Scotch and English in, 151;
Norwegians in, 155;
Poles in, 167;
Russians in, 169;
Italian farmers, 212;
racial changes in manufacturing towns, 216;
State relief for immigrants, 224

New York City, French in, 16;
cosmopolitanism, 18-19;
Irish in, 108, 109, 113;
Tammany Hall, 116;
Germans in, 127;
Poles in, 167 (note);
Croatians in, 172;
Hungarian Jews, 178;
Russian Jews, 179;
Italians, 180;
_see also_ Manhattan

_New York Nation_, McGee establishes, 120 (note)

New Zealand, deflects migration to United States, 150

Newfoundland, Irish come through, 109

Newspapers, German, 139, 142-144;
Scandinavian, 158;
Slovak, 169

"Niagara Movement," 63

Norsemen, _see_ Scandinavians

North, colonies settled by townfolk, 7-8;
negroes in, 55;
negro laborers, 62

North Carolina, Germans in, 127

Northwest, Scandinavians in, 156;
_see also_ names of States

Northwest Territory, slavery forbidden in, 51

Norwegians, number in America, 154;
character, 154;
lead Scandinavian migration, 155;
_see also_ Scandinavians

Noyes, J.H., 92, 93


Oberholtzer, _History of the United States since the Civil War_,
cited, 120 (note), 148 (note), 149 (note)

Ohio, admitted as State (1802), 33;
western migration through, 36;
"Underground Railway" in, 54;
negroes in, 62;
Zoar colony, 78-80;
Germans in, 134;
Scotch and English in, 151;
French in, 151-52;
Swiss in, 153;
Slovenians in, 173;
Italian farmers, 212;
Poles in, 213;
racial changes in coal regions of, 219

Ohio River, French on, 18

Oklahoma, Bohemians in, 159;
Slavs in, 213

Old Elmspring Community, 89

Olsen, Jonas, 87, 88

Omaha, Italians in, 180

Oneida Community, 92-93

Orange County (N.Y.), Polish settlement, 213

Ordinance of 1787, 51

Oregon, acquisition of (1846), 33, 147;
Scandinavians in, 156;
Japanese in, 203

Orientals, 188 _et seq._;
_see also_ Chinese, Indians, East, Japanese

Otis, General, 202

Owen, Robert, 75, 93-96, 98

Ozark Mountains, Italians in, 211


Palatinate, peasants come to America from, 14

Penn, William, 71

Pennsylvania, English settle, 5;
Scotch-Irish in, 11-12;
Welsh in, 13;
Germans in, 13, 14, 126-27;
Dutch in, 14;
Jews in, 17;
cosmopolitan character, 19;
western part settled, 33;
slavery, 51;
negroes in, 62;
Dunkards in, 70;
Poles in, 167;
Russians in, 169;
Croatians in, 172;
Slovenians in, 173;
Lithuanians in, 175;
Italian farmers, 212;
landward movement of Slavs in, 213-14;
racial changes, 216, 218-19

Pennsylvania Philosophical Society,
Pietists' astrological instruments in collection of, 70

Petrosino, Lieutenant Joseph, murdered, 231

Peysel, _see_ Beissel

Philadelphia, Welsh near, 13;
cosmopolitan character, 18;
negroes arrested, 51;
Ephrata draws pupils from, 71;
Irish immigrant association, 109;
Irish in, 113;
Italians in, 180

Philippines, Chinese exclusion, 202

Pietists, 69-70

Pine Lake (Wis.), Swedish colony, 155

Pittsburgh, "Boat Load of Knowledge" from, 94

Poles, in America, 160, 167-69, 213, 214-15, 217;
as North Slavs, 164

Politics, foreigners in, 42;
Irish in, 116, 117;
Germans in, 139, 144;
Bohemians in, 166;
Chinese as issue, 193;
selective immigration as issue (1892), 226-27

Population, increase in, 32;
_see also_ Census

Portland, Italians in, 180

Portuguese in United States, 184

Prairie du Rocher, French settlement, 152

Presbyterians, Scotch-Irish, 10

Presidents of United States from American stock, 42

Price, J.C., negro orator, 64


Quakers, Norwegian, 155


Rafinesque, C.S., 95

Railroads, Chinese laborers on, 190

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 5

Rapp, F.R., adopted son of Father Rapp, 75-76

Rapp, J.G., founder of Harmonists, 73;
"Father Rapp," 74;
at Harmony, 73-74;
at New Harmony, 74-75;
at Economy, 75-77

Reconstruction after Civil War, 57-59

Red Bank (N.J.), communistic colony at, 97

Reed, of Missouri, wishes to exclude African immigrants, 232

Republican party on immigration restriction, 226

_Restoration_ (sloop), 155

Revere, Paul, 16

Revolutionary War, Irish in, 108;
Germans and, 127

Rhode Island, French in, 15;
Jews in, 17

Rock Springs (Wyo.), anti-Chinese riot, 200

Roosevelt, Theodore, conference with delegation from California, 205;


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Online LibrarySamuel P. OrthOur Foreigners A Chronicle of Americans in the Making → online text (page 13 of 14)