Samuel P. (Samuel Penniman) Bates.

History of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc online

. (page 1 of 149)
Online LibrarySamuel P. (Samuel Penniman) BatesHistory of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc → online text (page 1 of 149)
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Containing a History of the County, Its Townships, Towns,

Villages, Schools, Churches, Industries, Etc.; Portraits of

Early Settlers and Prominent men; Biographies;

History of Pennsylvania, Statistical and

Miscellaneous Matter, etc., etc.





The reproduction of this book has been
made possible through the sponsorship
of the Greencastle-Antrim Civil War
Roundtable, Greentastle, Pennsylvania.


The New York
Public Library



Reproduction by Unigraphic, Inc.

1401 North Fares Avenue

Evansville, Indiana 47711

Nineteen Hundred Seventy Five


In submitting the History of Franklin County to the public, it may not
be improper to state, briefly, a few of the characteristics of the work:

I. The special prominence given to the pioneer times of the county
— Hence a record of the persons, organizations, and events of the days
anterior to 1820 has been given as fully as available data would war-

II. The fullness with which the various religious, educational and
society organizations have been presented, due allowance being made, of
course, for the destruction or absence of proper records.

III. The completeness of the official and postal records, the latter
having been obtained direct from the proper department at Washington.

IV. The importance attached to the various military organizations
and their movements, in all the wars in which the people of the county
have participated.

V. The biographical sketches of many of the most prominent per-
sonages, living and dead, which make the book valuable for reference
purposes to all classes.

VI. The classification of material under appropriate heads, which -
facilitates the easy finding of any desired information.

The outline history of the State, contained in Part I is from the pen
of Prof. Samuel P. Bates, of Meadville. The history of Franklin County
in Part II was compiled chiefly by Prof. J. Fraise Richard, who has
striven to give an accurate and reliable account of the county's origin, prog
ress and development; and, for that purpose, has laid under contribution the
data afforded by historic sketches, newspaper articles, public and private
records, personal interviews and correspondence, tombstones and other reli-
able sources. The biographical sketches in Part III were, for the most
part, collected by a corps of solicitors, and a proof of each sketch submitted
by mail to each subject for correction.

To repay, in detail, all the kindnesses manifested by Franklin County
citizens to the writers and solicitors would compel involuntary bankruptcy.
The special gratitude of the publishers, however, is due and is hereby ex-
tended to the press of Chambersburg, Waynesboro, Greencastle and Mer-


cersburg for the use of their files, and for other courtesies; to the county
officials and to Hons. F. M. Kimmell, D. Watson Rowe and John Stewart
for personal aid and favors; to Jacob Hoke, Esq., Drs. W. C. Lane, S. G.
Lane, Chas. T. Maclay and W. H. Egle, State Historian; Capt. J. H.
Walker, John B. Kaufman, J. W. Douglas and George S. Kyle for contri-
butions and special aid; and to the pastors of the various churches, and
secretaries of different orders for reports of their organizations.

With due appreciation of the liberal patronage received, the publishers
beg to present this volume to their patrons in the highly favored county of






CHAPTER I.— Introductory.— Cornells Jacob-
son Mey, 1624-25. William Van Hulst, 1626
-26. Peter Minuit, 1626-33. David Peter-
sen de Vries, 1632-33. VVouter Van Twiller,
1633-38 15-23

CHAPTER II.— Sir William Keift, 1638-47.
Peter Minuit, 1638-41. Peter Hollandaer,
1641-43. John Printz, 1643-53. Peter Stuy-
vesant. 1647-64. John Pappagoya, 1653-64.
John Claude Rysingh, 1654-56 23-33

CHAPTER III.— John Paul Jacquet, 1655-57.
Jacob Alrichs, 1657-59. Goeran Van Dyck.
1657-58. William Beekmau, 1658-63. Alex.
D'Hinoyossa, 1659-64 33-35

CHAPTER IV.— Richard Nichols, 1664-67. Rob-
ert Needhaui, 1664-68. Francis Lovelace,
1667-73. John Carr, 1668-73. Anthony
Colve, 1673-74. Peter Alrichs, 1673-74 35-41

CHAPTER V.— Sir Edmund Andros, 1674-81.
Edmund Cantwell, 1674-76. John Collier,
1676-77. Christopher Billop, 1677-81 41-50

CHAPTER VI.— William Markham, 1681-82.
William Penn, 1682-84 51-61

CHAPTER VTL— Thomas Lloyd, 1684-86. Five
Commissioners, 1686-88. John Blackwell,
1688-90. Thomas Lloyd, 1690-91. William
Markham. 1691-93. Benjamin Fletcher,
1693-95. William Markham, 1693-99 61-69

CHAPTER VIII.— William Penn, 1699-1701.
Andrew Hamilton, 1701-03. Edward Ship-
pen, 1 703-04. John Evans, 1704-09. Charles
Gooken, 1709-17 69-75


CHAPTER IX.— Sir William Keith, 1717-26.
Patrick Gordon, 1726-36. James Logan,
1736-38. George Thomas, 1738-47. Anthony
Palmer, 1747-48. James Hamilton 1748-54

CHAPTER X.— Robert H. Morris, 1754-56. Wil-
liam Denny, 1756-59. James Hamilton,
1759-63 89-97

CHAPTER XL— John Penn. 1763-71. James
Hamilton, 1771. Richard Penn, 1771-73.
John Penn, 1773-76 98-104

CHAPTER XII.— Thomas Wharton, Jr., 1777-
78. George Bryan, 1778. Joseph Reed, 1778
-81. William Moore, 1781-82. John Dickin-
son, 1782-85. Benjamin Franklin, 1785-88

CHAPTER XIII.— Thomas Mifflin, 1788-99.
Thomas McKean, 1799-1808. Simon Snyder,
1808-17. William Findlay, IS 17-20. Joseph
Heister, 1820-23. John A. Shulze, 1823-29.
George Wolfe, 1829-35 Joseph Ritner,
1835-39 114-121

CHAPTER XIV— David R. Porter, 1839-45.
Francis R. Shunk, 1845^8. William F.
Johnstone, 1848-52. William Bigler.l 852-55.
James Pollock, 1855-58. William F. Packer,
1858-61. Andrew G. Curtin, 1861-67. John
W. Geary, 1867-73. John F. Hartranft,
1873-78. Henry F. Hovt, 1878-82. Robert
E. Pattison, 1882-86. "James A. Beaver,
1886 122 131

Gubernatorial Table 132




CHAPTER I.— Physical Description 137-141

The Great Eastern Valley— The Path of a
Probable Gulf Stream — The Mountain
Ranges and their Appendages — Systems of
Drainage — Geological and Mineralogical As-
pects—Character of Soil — Vegetation — Cli-

CHAPTER II.— Pioneer Settlers i41-159

Two Classes: Scotch-Irish, their Origin,
Arrivals, Character and Locations—Germans,
Sketch of Persecutions, Arrival, Trials, etc.
— Trend of Settlements in Cumberland Val-
ley Westward — Shippensburg a Distributing
Point — Settlements at Falling Spring —
Sketch of Benjamin Chambers — Other Set-
tlements and Settlers in Various Parts of
the County — List of 1751-52 —
Mason andDixon's Line.

CHAPTER III.— Indian War 159-175

Indian Nations Described — VVar Between
French and English — Colonies Involved —
Braddock's Defeat and its Effects — Forts
Located and Described — Massacres from 1754
to 1785 — Conflict Between the Civil and
Military at Fort Loudoun.


CHAPTER IV.— The Revolution 175-190

Its Causes — Loyalty to the Mother Coun-
try — Early Military — Roster and Roll of
Franklin Men — From Colonies to States —
Heroes from Franklin County — One of the
First American Cannons, etc.

CHAPTER V— Whisky War 190-191

Eleven Years of Peace — Causes of the
Whisky Insurrection — Its Prosecution and
its Subversion — Sympathy of the Militia,

CHAPTER VI. — Franklin County Organ-
ized 192-214

Date of Erection — Petitions in Favor of
and in Opposition to the Project — Fight over
the County Seat — The First Court House
and First Jail — Early County Officers — Esti-
mate of Population — First General Elec-
tion — Officials, etc.

CHAPTER VII.— Internal Affairs 214-235

Lands and Land Titles— Indian Trails —
Roads — Bridges — Turnpikes — Inns or Tav-
erns — Militia — Muster Days — Mail Routes
and Post-offices — Postmasters — Railroads




— Cumberland Valley Railroad — First Sleep-
ing Car Ever Made — Franklin Railroad —
Shenaudoah Valley Railroad — Harrisburg
.t Potomac Railroad — Western Maryland
Railroad — Baltimore ct Cumberland Valley
Railroad— Mont Alto Railroad — Mont Alto
Iron Works, etc.

CHAPTER VIII.— War of 1812-15 235-245

Cause of the War — Declaration of War —
Franklin County Companies — Incidents of
the War.

CHAPTER IX.— Mexican War 245-249

Texas and Mexico— Whig and Democrat
— Counter Arguments — Declaration of War
— Franklin County Company — Its Services.

CHAPTER X.— The Press 249-260

Introductory — First Newspaper — Press of
Chambersburg — Press of Waynesboro —
Press of Mercersburg— Press of Greencastle.

CHAPTER XL— Agriculture 260-266

A Business of First Importance — Its Prom-
ising Future — Improvements Introduced —
Judge Watts — The First Reaper — First
Stock in the Country — Wheat and Corn-
Hessian Fly — Improved Implements — A
Wonderful Fsat with the Scythe — Agri-
cultural Societies, Officers, etc.

CHAPTER XII.— The Medical Profession


Introductory View of the Human Structure
— Sketches of Prominent Deceased Physi-
cians — Epidemics — Medical Societies — Ros-
ter of Present Physicians.

CHAPTER XIII.— Educational and Relig-
ious Z95-316

Educational — Education Defined —
Teaching Defined — Early Schools and their
Equipments— John B. Kaufman's Account
of Early Schools and Teachers — History of
School Legislation— Comparative Statistics —
County Superintendents— County Institutes
—Letter from Ex-Co. Supt. A. J. McElwain

— List ol County Superintendents — Relig-
ious—Early Settlers' Religions — Presbyie-
rians — Lutherans— Reformed — Methodists —
Fnited Brethren — Roman Catholic— Episco-
palian— Church of Cod— German Baptists —
River Brethren — Menuonites — Retormed
Meunonites— Colored Churches— Mormon-

CHAPTER XIV.— Popular Agitations and

Philanthropic Reforms 319-331

Human Society Compared to the Ocean —
Early Outlaws— The Nugents— Slavery in
Franklin County— A Curious Will— Gradual
Abolition of Slavery— Runaway Slaves— The
Underground Railroad— Capture of Bob and
I :avc— History of John Brown's Raid on Har-
per's Ferry— Fate of His Coadjutors— Wen-
dell Phillips' Speech— curious Prophecies-
History of Know-nothingism iu Chambers-
burg— -Sketches of Early Temperance Move-
ments in the County— Tidal- Waves— W ash-
ingtonian Movement— Father Mathew's Ef-
forts—Sons of Temperance -Good Temp-
lars— Woman's Crusade- -National Woman's
Christian Temperance Union — Murphy
Movement- Prohibition— Franklin County
Bible Society -Children's Aid Society.

en \pter XV.— The Great Rebellion of

1861-65 33U-390

introduction — Civil War an Interest-
ing study— Its Antecedents Must be Con-
sidered— Jamestown and Plymouth Typical
of I' wo Antagonistic Civilizations— Practical
Inferences— War Statistics— Firing on Fort
Sumter and its Effects— Patriotic Meetings

— Hearty Response to President's Call for
roops— Incidents of 1861— Complete Ro3ter

of Troops Furnished by the County— Stuart's
Raid in 1862— Lee's Invasion, Preceded by
Jenkins' Raid— Rebel Occupation of Cham-
bersburg and Its Events— Advance on Get-
tysburg—Battle—Retreat—Lee's Train of
Wounded — Burning of EwelPs Supplv Train
and capture of Prisoners by Kilpatrick—
McCausland's Raid and Burning of Cham-

CHAPTER XVI.— Law Makers and Law In- ■

terpretess 390-422

Law Defined and Analyzed — Founded in
Natural Justice— Mental Requirements for
its Study — Various State Conventions —
Franklin's Representatives in National Con-
gress, in State Senate and House — Early
Bench and Bar— List of President and Asso"-
eiate Judges— List of Attorneys from Organ-
ization of County.

CHAPTER XVII.— Master Spirits 422-433

Uses and Abuses of Greatness— Character
of Genius— Greatness— Its Elements— Power
of Mothers— Sketches of Master Spirits : ,'l)
Military, (2) Political, (3) Railroad Mana-
gers, (4) Theologians, (5) County Officials, (6)
Medical, (7.) Educational, (8) Press, (9) Legal
—Franklin County's Roll of Honor.

CHAPTER XVIIL— The County's First Cen-
tennial 433-451

Introductory— Value of Anniversaries-
Triumphs of the Century— Preparations for
the Coming Anniversary — Executive Com-
mittee—Township Committees — Account of
the Two Days' Doings — Extracts from Ad-
dresses and Poems Delivered.

CHAPTER XIX.— Borough of Chambers-
burg 451-504

Description— Early History — Incorpora-
tion — Banks— First Market Houses— Present
Market. House— Water-works— Gas Works
—Fire Department— Manufactories— Secret
Societies— Churches— Cemetery— Schools.

CHAPTER XX.— Borough of mercersburg


Location — Settlement — James Black-
Early Traffic— Original Plat— Derivation of
Name— Sketch of Dr. Mercer— Past and
Present Business Interests— Incorporation
—Prominent Residents— Birthplace of Presi-
dent Buchanan— Mercersburg College and
Public Schools— Church History— Cemetery
—Banks— Fire Company— Secret Societies.

CHAPTER XXI.— Borough of Waynesboro


Origin of the Name— Location— The Plat-
Original Lot Owners— Incorporation — Banks

— Manufactories — Water-works — Societies
—Churches— Temperance Union— Schools-
Cemetery— Famous Sewing Machine.

CHAPTER XXIL-Borough of Greencastle


Site of the Borough — Ancient Burving
Grounds— Plat of the Town, and iurst Resi-
dents—Early Reminiscences and Anecdotes
—Old Churches— Cemeteries and Epitaphs

— Incorporation of Borough— Its Centen-
nial—The Turnpike — Church Hi-tory—
< emetery— The Schools — Industries— Bor-
ough Officers— Bank— Town Hall Company
— Societies.

CHAPTER XXIII. —Townships 554-614

Antrim 555

Formation —Name— First Settlers— Early
Land Titles— Old Graveyard Transcription's
—List of Taxables, 1786— Early Settlements
— Borough and Villages — The Mormons.

Lurgan 504

Formation— Topography— Earlv Land Ti-
tles—List of Taxables, 1786— The' Pomeroys
— Villages.




Pkters 567

Name — Formation — First Settlers — Early
Laud Titles— List of Taxables, 1786 — Loudon
— Leiuasters — Upton — Bridgeport — Cove


Formation — Name — Early Land Entries —
List of Taxables — Manors — Churches — Vil-

Hamilton 577

Name, etc. — Earliest Land Entries — List of
Taxables, 1786 — Cashtown.

Fannett 578

Formation — The Indians and First Imnii-

f rants — Name — Early Land Purchases —
)arly Land Entries— List of Taxables, 1786

Lktterkenny 583

Formation — Bou ndary — Early Settlements
— Earliest Land Titles — List of Taxables,
1786— Early School Teaahers— Village-

Washington 588

Formation — Name — Early Land Titles-'-
List of Taxables, 1786— Villages.

Montgomery 591

Formation — Name — Early Land Entries —
List of taxables, 1786 — Villages.


Southampton 593

Kormation,elc. — Early Land Entries — List
of Taxables, 1786- Borough of Orrstown —

Franklin 596

Absorption of Township by Chambers-
burg — List of Taxables, 1786.

Greene 596

Formation — Name — Early Settlement —
Early Land Entries — Early Uemiuiscences
Greenvillage — Scotland — Fayetteville —
Black's Gap — Sruoketown.

Metal 604

Boundary — Formation — Topography —
Early Settlers — Early Land Entries — Promi-
nent First Settlers — Taxables in 1786— F'irst
Justices of the Peace — Villages — Churches.

Wakren Su7

Location — Its Early History — Name— Ear-
liest Land Entries — Early Settlers— Old Doc-
uments — Churches.

St. Thomas 609

Formation — Its Early History — Name —
Immigration — Early Land Entries — Taxa-
bles, 1786— Villages.

Ql'INCY 611

Formation — Its settlements — Its Wealth —
Name — Early Settlers — Early Laud Entries
— Transcriptions from Early Tombstones —
Taxables iu 1786— Villages.

part in.



Chambersburg, Borough of 617

Antrim Township and Borough of Greencastle.. 700

Fannett Township 737

Greene Township 763

Guilford Township 795

Hamilton Township 803

Letterkenny Township 809

Lurgan Township 817

Metal Township 834


Montgomery Township and Borough of Mercers-
burg 845

Peters Township 873

Quincy Township 887

St. Thomas Township 897

Southampton Township and Borough of Orrs-
town 917

Warren Township 926

Washington Township and Borough of Waynes-
boro 927



Alexander, Rev.S. C 417

Amberson, W. S 267

Bard, Robert M 207

Besore, George 167

Bonbrake, E. J 387

Brotherton, Col. D. H 407

Buhrman, C. H 497

('arson, JamesO 157

Chambers, George 79

Chritzman, H. G., M. D 477

Clayton, James H 367

Crowell, J. B 277

Davison, J. A 507

Fleming, Archibald 177

Foltz, M. A 487

Garver, Samuel 307

Good, Jacob S 297

Hammond, Lawrence 187

Hammond, M. L 427

Harbaugh, Rev. H 257

Harnish, H. R 347

Hassler, Rev. J 317


Hawbecker, S .Z 527

Hoke, Jacob 327

Hoover, Daniel 447

Keefer, William S 337

Kerlin, P 437

Lamaster, J. R 537

McDowell, A. B 357

McKinstry, William 45

Orr, William 197

Rowe, D. Watson 397

Rowe, John 217

Sentman. S. L 227

Sharpe, J. McD 377

Shockey, Daniel 547

Shoemaker, John A 557

Skinner, S. M 287

Snively, I. N.,M. D 517

Snively, Joseph 147

Walker, Capt. John H 457

Winger, Joseph 237

Winger, Col. B. F 467

Ziegler, George W 247



Map of Franklin County 10, 11

Map showing various purchases from Indians - 113

Diagram showing proportionate Annual Production of Anthracite Coal since 1820 118

Table showing amount of Anthracite Coal produced in each region since 1820 119

Table showing vote for Governors of Pennsylvania since Organization of State 132

Relief Map of Cumberland Valley 134, 135




"God, that has given it me through many difficulties, will, I believe,
bless and make it the seed of a nation. I shall have a tender care to the
government that it be well laid at first. - - - I do, therefore,
desire the Lord's wisdom to guide me, and those that may be concerned
with me, that we may do the thing that is truly wise and just."




Introductory — Cornelis Jacobson Mey, 1624-25— William Van Httlst, 1625-
26— Peter Mintjit, 1626-33— David Petersen de Vries, 1632-33— Wouter
Van Twiller, 1633-38.

IN the early colonization upon the American continent, two motives were
principally operative. One was the desire of amassing sudden wealth
without great labor, which tempted adventurous spirits to go in search of gold,
to trade valueless trinkets to the simple natives for rich furs and skins, and even
to seek, amidst the wilds of a tropical forest, for the fountain whose healing
waters could restore to man perpetual youth. The other was the cherished
purpose of escaping the unjust restrictions of Government, and the hated ban
of society against tne worship of the Supreme Being according to the honest
dictates of conscience, which incited the humble devotees of Christianity to
forego the comforts of home, in the midst of the best civilization of the age,
and make for themselves a habitation on the shores of a new world, where they
might erect altars and do homage to their God in such habiliments as they
preferred, and utter praises in such note as seemed to them good. This pur-
pose was also incited by a certain romantic temper, common to the race, es-
pecially noticeable in youth, that invites to some uninhabited J spot, and Ras-
selas and Robinson Crusoe- like to begin life anew.

William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, had felt the heavy hand of
persecution for religious opinion's sake. As a gentleman commoner at Ox-
ford, he had been fined, and finally expelled from that venerable seat of learn-
ing for non-comformity to the established worship. At home, he was whipped
and turned out of doors by a father who thought to reclaim the son to the
more certain path of advancement at a licentious court. He was sent to prison
by the Mayor of Cork. For seven months he languished in the tower of Lon-
don, and, finally, to complete his disgrace, he was cast into Newgate with com-
mon felons. Upon the accession of James II, to the throne of England, over
fourteen hundred persons of the Quaker faith were immured in prisons for a
conscientious adherence to their religious convictions. To escape this harassing
persecution, and find peace and quietude from this sore proscription, was the
moving cause which led Penn and his followers to emigrate to America.

Of all those who have been founders of States in near or distant ages, none
have manifested so sincere and disinterested a spirit, nor have been so fair ex-
emplars of the golden rule, and of the Redeemer's sermon on the mount, as
William Penn. In his preface to the frame of government of his colony, he
says: " The end of government is first to terrify evil-doers; secondly, to cher-
ish those who do well, which gives government a life beyond corruption, and


makes it as durable in the world, as good men shall be. So that government
seems to be a part of religion itself, a thing sacred in its institution and end.
For, if it does not directly remove the cause, it crushes the effects of evil, and
is an emanation of the same Divine power, that is both author and object of
pure religion, the difference lying here, that the one is more free and mental,
the other more corporal and compulsive in its operations; but that is only to
evil-doers, government itself being otherwise as capable of kindness, goodness
and charity, as a more private society. They weakly err, who think there is no
other use of government than correction, which is the coarsest part of it.
Daily experience tells us, that the care and regulation of many other affairs
more soft, and daily necessary, make up much the greatest part of government.
Governments, like clocks, go from the motion men give them, and as govern-
ments are made and moved by men, so by them are they ruined, too. Where-
fore, governments rather depend upon men, than men upon governments. Let
men be good, and the government cannot be bad. If it be ill, they will cure
it. But if men be bad, let the government be never so good, they will endeavor
to warp and spoil to their turn. * * * That, therefore, which makes a good
constitution, must keep it, men of wisdom and virtue, qualities, that because they
descend not with worldly inheritances, must be carefully propagated by a vir-
tuous education of youth, for which, after ages will owe more to the care and
prudence of founders and the successive magistracy, than to their parents for
their private patrimonies. * * * We have, therefore, with reverence to God,
and good conscience to men, to the best of our skill, contrived and composed the
Frame and Laws of this government, viz. : To support power in reverence
with the people, and to secure the people from the abuse of power, that they
may be free by their just obedience, and the magistrates honorable for their
just administration. For liberty without obedience is confusion, and obedi-
ence without liberty is slavery."

Though born amidst the seductive arts of the great city, Penn's tastes were
rural. He hated the manners of the corrupt court, and delighted in the homely
labors and iunocent employments of the farm. " The country," he said, "is
the philosopher's garden and library, in which he reads and contemplates the*
power, wisdom and goodness of God. It is his food as well as study, and gives
him life as well as learning." And to his wife he said upon taking leave of
her in their parting interview: " Let my children be husbandmen, and house-
wives. It is industrious, healthy, honest, and of good report. This leads to
consider the works of God, and diverts the mind from being taken up with vain
arts and inventions of a luxurious world. Of cities and towns of concourse,

Online LibrarySamuel P. (Samuel Penniman) BatesHistory of Franklin county, Pennsylvania; containing a history of the county, its townships, towns, villages, schools, churches, industries, etc.; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; biographies; history of Pennsylvania, statistical and miscellaneous matter, etc → online text (page 1 of 149)