Samuel Pepys.

Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys from his MS. cypher in the Pepsyian Library, with a life and notes by Richard Lord Braybrooke (Volume 2) online

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dinner with my Lady at the Wardrobe ; and after
much talk with her after dinner, I went to the Temple
to Church, and there heard another : by the same
token a boy, being asleep, fell down a high seat to the
ground, ready to break his neck, but got no hurt.
Thence to Graye's Inn walkes ; and there met Mr.
Pickering. His discourse most about the pride of the
Duchesse of York ; and how all the ladies envy my
Lady Castlemaine. He intends to go to Portsmouth
to meet the Queene this week ; which is now the
discourse and expectation of the towne. So home,
and no sooner come but Sir W. Warren comes to me
to bring me a paper of Field's (with whom we have
lately had a great deale of trouble at the office), being
a bitter petition to the King against our office for not
doing justice upon his complaint to us of embezzle-
ment of the King's stores by one Turpin. I took Sir
William to Sir W. Pen's (who was newly come from
Walthamstowe), and there we read it and discoursed,
but we do not much fear it, the King referring it to



224 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

the Duke of York. So we drank a glass or two of
wine, and so home.

14th. Being weary last night I lay very long in bed
to-day, talking with my wife, and persuaded her to go
to Brampton, and take Sarah with her, next week, to
cure her ague by change of ayre, and we agreed all
things therein. We rose, and at noon dined, and then
we to the PajTiter's, and there sat the last time for my
little picture, which I hope will please me. Then to
Paternoster Rowe to buy things for my wife against
her going. So home and walked upon the leads with
my wife, and whether she suspected anything or no
I know not, but she is quite oif of her going to Bramp-
ton, which something troubles me, and yet all my
design was that I might the freer go to Portsmouth
when the rest go to pay off the yards there, which will
be very shortly. But I will get off if I can.

15 th. With my wife, by coach, to the New Ex-
change,' to buy her some things ; where we saw some
new-fashion pettycoats of sarcenett, with a black broad
lace printed round the bottom and before, very hand-
some, and my wife had a mind to one of them, but we
did not then buy one.



^ " To the north of Durham Place," says Pennant, " stood the New Ex-
change, which was built under the auspices of our monarch in 1608, out of
the rubbish of the old stables of Durham House. It was built somewhat on
the model of the Royal Exchange, with cellars beneath, a walk above, and
rows of shops over that, filled chiefly with milliners, sempstresses, and the
like. This was a fashionable place of resort."

" He has a lodging in the Strand ... to watch when ladies are gone to
the china houses, or to the Exchange , that he may meet them by chance and



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 22 5

17th. To Mr. Holliard's in the morning, thinking
to be let blood, but he was gone out. So to White
Hall, thinking to have had a Scale at Privy Seale, but
my Lord did not come. Sir W. Batten in the evening
sent for me to tell me that he had this day spoke to the
Duke about raising our houses, and he hath given us
leave to do it, at which, being glad, I went home merry.

1 8th. This morning sending the boy down into the
cellar for some beer I followed him with a cane, and
did there beat him for his staying of arrands and other
faults, and his sister came to me down and begged
for him. So I forebore, and afterwards, in my wife's
chamber, did there talk to Jane how much I did love
the boy for her sake, and how much it do concern
to correct the boy for his faults, or else he would be
undone. So at last she was well pleased. This morn-
ing Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Batten and I met at the
office, and did conclude of our going to Portsmouth
next week, in which my mind is at a great loss what
to do with my wife, for I cannot persuade her to go to
Brampton, and I am loth to leave her at home.

19th. This morning, before we sat, I went to Aid-
gate ; and at the corner shop,^ a draj^er's, I stood,
and did see Barkestead, Okey, and Corbet, drawne
towards the gallows at Tibume ; and there they were
hanged and quartered. They all looked very cheer-
ful ; but I hear they all die defending what they did

give them presents, some two or three hundred pounds worth of toys, to be
laughed at." — Ben Jonsom, The Silent Woman, act i. sc. i. (M. B.)
^ Now actually Moses and Son's.



226 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

to the King to be just; which is very strange. In
the evening did get a bever, an old one, but a very
good one, of Sir W. Batten, for which I must give him
something ; but I am very well pleased with it.

20th (Lord's day). My intention being to go this
morning to ^Vl■lite Hall to hear South,' my Lord Chan-
cellor's chaplain, the famious preacher and oratour of
Oxford, (who the last Lord's day did sink down in the
pulpit before the King, and could not proceed,) it did
rain, and the wind against me, that I could by no
means get a boat or coach to carry me ; and so I
staid at Paul's, where the Judges did all meet, and
heard a sermon, it being the first Sunday of the
terme ; but they had a very poor sermon. So to my
Lady's and dined, and so to White Hall to Sir G. Car-
teret, and so to the Chappell, where I challenged my
pew as Gierke of the Privy Scale and had it, and then
walked home with Mr. Blagrave to his old house in
the Fishyard, and there he had a pretty kinswoman
that sings, and we did sing some holy things, and
afterwards others came in and so I left them, and by
water through the bridge (which did trouble me)
home, and so to bed.

I This was the learned Robert South, then public orator at Oxford, and
afterwards D.D., and prebendary of Westminster, and canon of Christchurch.
The story, as copied from a contemporary tract, called " Annus Mirabilis
Secundus," is given with full details in Wood's " Athense," and Kennett's
" Register." It is by no means devoid of interest; but, having been so often
printed, need not be here repeated. We may observe, however, that South
had experienced a similar qualm whilst preaching at Oxford a few months
before ; but these seizures produced no bad consequences, as he lived to be
eighty-three.



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 22/

2 1 St. This morning I attempted to persuade my
wife to go to Brampton this week, but she would not,
and seeing that I could keep it no longer from her,
I told her that I was resolved to go to Portsmouth
to-morrow. At noon dined with my Lord Crew ; and
after dinner went up to Sir Thos. Crew's chamber,
who is still ill. He tells me how my Lady Duchesse
of Richmond ' and Castlemaine had a falHng out the
other day ; and she calls the latter Jane Shore, and
did hope to see her come to the same end that
she did. Coming downi again to my Lord, he told
me that news was come that the Queene is land-
ed ; at which I took leave, and by coach hurried to
White Hall, the bells ringing in several places ; but
I found there no such matter, nor anything like it.
Home, and there I found my Lady Jemimah, and
Anne, and Madamoiselle come to see my wife, whom
I left, and to talk with Joyce about a project I have
of his and my joining, to get some money for my
brother Tom and his kinswoman to help forward with
her portion if they should marry. I mean in buying
of tallow of him at a low rate for the King, and Tom
should have the profit ; but he tells me the profit will
be considerable, at which I was troubled, but I have
agreed with him to ser\^e some in my absence.



I Mary, daughter to George Villiers, first Duke of Buckingham, wife of
James, fourth Duke of Lennox, and third Duke of Richmond, who left her a
widow secondly in 1655. She had previously married Charles Lord Herbert;
and she took for her third husband, Thomas Howard, brother of the Earl of
Carlisle, who fought the duel with Jcrmyn. See August \(j,post.



228 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS,

22nd. After taking leave of my wife, which we
could hardly do kindly, because of her mind to go
along with me, Sir W. Pen and I took coach and so
over the bridge to Lambeth, W. Bodham and Tom
He wet going as clerkes to Sir W. Pen, and my Will
for me. Here we got a dish of buttered eggs, and
there staid till Sir G. Carteret came to us from White
Hall, who brought Dr. Gierke with him, at which I
was very glad, and so we set out, and I was very much
pleased with his company, and were very merry all
the way. We came to Gilford and there passed our
time in the garden, cutting off sparagus for supper,
the best that ever I eat in my life but in the house
last year. Supped well, and the Doctor and I to
bed together, calling cozens from his name and my
office.^

23d. Up early, and to Petersfield, and there dined
well ; and thence got a countryman to guide us by
Havant, to avoid going through the Forest; bat he
carried us much out of the way, and upon our com-
ing we sent away an express to Sir W. Batten to stop
his coming, which I did project to make good my
oathe, that my wife should come if any of our wives
came, which my Lady Batten did intend to do with
her husband. The Doctor and I lay together at
Wiard's, the chyrurgeons, in Portsmouth, his wife a
very pretty woman. We lay very well and merrily ;
in the morning, concluding him to be of the eldest

» Clerk of the Acts.



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 229

blood and house of the Clerkes, because that all the
fleas came to him and not to me.

24th. Up and to Sir G. Carteret's lodgings at Mrs.
Stephens's, where we keep our table all the time we
are here. Thence all of us to the Payhouse ; but the
books not being ready, we went to church to the
lecture, where there was my Lord Ormond' and Man-
chester,2 and much London company, though not so
much as I expected. Here we had a very good ser-
mon upon this text : '' In love serving one another ; "
which pleased me very well. No news of the Queene
at all. So to dinner; and then to the Pay all the
afternoon. Then W. Pen and I walked to the King's
Yard, and there lay at Mr. Tippets's,^ where exceeding
well treated.

25 th. All the morning at Portsmouth, at the Pay,
and then to dinner, and again to the Pay; and at
night got the Doctor to go lie with me, and much
pleased with his company ; but I was much troubled
in my eyes, by reason of the healths I have this day
been forced to drink.

26th. Sir George 4 and I, and his clerk Mr. Stephens,
and Mr. Holt our guide, over to Gosport; and so
rode to Southampton. In our way, besides my Lord
Southampton's s parks and lands, which in one viewe

* The Duke of Ormond. as Lord High Steward.

2 As Lord Chamberlain.

3 Afterwards knighted as Sir John Tippets.

4 Sir George Carteret, who was M. P. for Portsmouth and Vice-Chamber-
lain to the King.

5 Tichfield House, erected by Sir Thomas Wriothesley, on the site of an



230 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

we csDuld see 6000/. per annum, we observed a little
church-yard, where the graves are accustomed to be
all sowed with sage. At Southampton we went to the
Mayor's and there dined, and had sturgeon of their
own catching the last week, which do not happen in
twenty years, and it was well ordered. They brought
us also some caveare, which I attempted to order, but
all to no purpose, for they had neither given it salt
enough, nor are the seedes of the roe broke, but are
all in berryes. The towne is one most gallant street,
and is walled round with stone, &c., and Bevis's pic-
ture upon one of the gates ; many old walls of re-
ligious houses, and the keye, well worth seeing. After
dinner to horse again, being in nothing troubled but
the badness of my hat, which I borrowed to save my
beaver.

27th (Sunday). Sir W. Pen got trimmed before
me, and so took the coach to Portsmouth to wait on
my Lord Steward to church, and sent the coach for
me back again. So I rode to church, and met my
Lord Chamberlaine upon the walls of the garrison,
who owned and spoke to me. I followed him in the
crowde of gallants through the Queene's lodgings to
chappell; the rooms being all rarely furnished, and



Abbey of Premonstratenses, granted to him with their estates, 29th Henry
VIII. Upon the death of his descendant, Thomas, Earl of Southampton,
and Lord Treasurer, without issue male, the house and manor were allotted
to his eldest daughter Elizabeth, wife of Edmund, first Earl of Gainsborough;
and their only son dying s. p. in., the property devolved to his sister
Elizabeth, married to Henry, Duke of Portland, whose grandson, the third
Duke, alienated it to Mr. Delme.



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 23 1

escaped hardly being set on fire yesterday. At chap-
pell we had a most excellent and eloquent sermon.
By coach to the Yard, and then on board the Swallow
in the dock hear our navy chaplain preach a sad ser-
mon, full of nonsense and false Latin ; but prayed for
the Right Honourable the principall officers. Visited
the Mayor, Mr. Timbrell, our anchor-smith, who
showed us the present they have for the Queene ;
which is a salt-sellar of silver, the walls christall, with
four eagles and four greyhounds standing up at the
top to bear up a dish ; which indeed is one of the
neatest pieces of plate that ever I saw, and the case
is very pretty also.^ This evening came a merchant-
man in the harbour, which we hired at London to
carry horses to Portugall ; but Lord ! what running
there was to the seaside to hear what news, thinking
it had come from the Queene.

28th. The Doctor and I begun philosophy discourse
exceeding pleasant. He offers to bring me into the
college of virtuosoes ^ and my Lord Brouncker's ac-
quaintance, and show me some anatomy, which makes
me very glad ; and I shall endeavour it, when I come
to London. Sir W. Pen much troubled upon letters
came last night. Showed me one of Dr. Owen's 3 to
his son,'* whereby it appears his son is much perverted

^ A salt-cellar answering this description is preserved at the Tower.

2 The Royal Society,

3 John Owen, D.D., a learned Nonconformist divine, and a voluminous
theological writer, made Dean of Christ Church in 1653, by the Parliament,
and ejected in 1659-60. He died at Ealing in 1683.

4 The celebrated Quaker.



232 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

in his opinion by him ; which I now perceive is one
thing that hath put Sir WilHam so long off the hooks.

29th. At the pay all the morning, and so to dinner ;
and then to it again in the afternoon, and after our
work was done, Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Pen and I
walked forth, and I spied Mrs. Pierce and another
lady passing by. So I left them and went to the
ladies, and walked with them up and down, and took
them to Mrs. Stephens, and there gave them wine and
sweetmeats, and were very merry ; and then comes
the Doctor, and we carried them by coach to their
lodging, which was very poor, but the best they could
get, and such as made much mirth among us. So I
appointed one to watch when the gates of the towne
were ready to be shut, and to give us notice ; and so
the Doctor and I staid with them playing and laugh-
ing, and at last were forced to bid good night for fear
of being locked into the towne all night. So we
walked to the yarde, designing how to prevent our
going to London to-morrow, that we might be merry
with these ladies, which I did. So to supper and
merrily to bed.

30th. This morning Sir G. Carteret came down to
the yarde, and there we mustered over all the men
and determined of some regulations in the yarde, and
then to dinner, all the officers of the yarde with us,
and after dinner walk to Portsmouth, there to pay off
the Successe, which we did pretty early, and so I took
leave of Sir W. Pen, he desiring to know whither I
went, but I would not tell him, I went to the ladies,



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 233

and there took them and walked to the Mayor's to
show them the present, and then to the Docke, where
Mr. Tippets made much of them, and thence back
again, the Doctor being come to us to their lodgings,
whither came our supper by my appointment, and
we very merry, playing at cards and laughing very
merry till 12 o'clock at night, and so having staid
so long (which we had resolved to stay till they
bade us be gone), which yet they did not do but by
consent, we bade them good night, and so past the
guards, and went to the Doctor's lodgings, and there
lay with him, our discourse being much about the
quality of the lady with Mrs. Pierce, she being some-
what old and handsome, and painted and fine, and
had a very handsome mayde with her. This after-
noon after dinner comes Mr. Stephenson, one of the
burgesses of the towne, to tell me that the Mayor
and burgesses did desire my acceptance of a burgess-
ship, and were ready at the Mayor's to make me one.
So I went, and there they were all ready, and did
with much civility give me my oathe, and after the
oathe, did by custom shake me all by the hand. So
I took them to a taverne and made them drink, and
paying the reckoning, went away. It cost me a piece
in gold to the Town Gierke, and lOi-. to the Bayliffes,
and spent ds.

May I St. Sir G. Garteret, Sir W. Pen, and myself,
with our clerks, set out this morning from Portsmouth
very early, and got by noon to Petersfield ; several offi-
cers of the Yarde accompanying us so far. Here we



234 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

dined and were merry. At dinner comes my Lord
Carlingford ^ from London, going to Portsmouth : tells
us that the Duchesse of York is brought to bed of a
girle,2 at which I find nobody pleased ; and that Prince
Rupert and the Duke of Buckingham are swome of the
Privy Councell. He himself made a dish with egges
of the butter of the Sparagus, which is very fine meat,
which I will practise hereafter. To horse again, and
got to Gilford, where after supper I to bed, having
this day been offended by Sir W. Pen's foolish talk,
and I offending him with my answers. Among others
he in discourse complaining of want of confidence,
did ask me to lend him a grain or two, which I told
him I thought he was better stored with than myself,
before Sir George. So that I see I must keep a
greater distance than I have done. To bed all alone,
and my Will in the truckle bed.^

2nd. Early to coach again and to Kingston, where
we baited a little and got early to London, and I found
all well at home. I to Dr. Gierke's lady, and gave her
her letter and token. She is a very fine woman, and

^ Theobald second Viscount Taafe, created Earl of Carlingford, co. Louth,
1661-2.

2 Mary, afterwards Queen of England.

3 According to the original Statutes of Corpus Christi Coll. Oxon, a Schol-
ar slept in a truckle bed below each Fellow. Called also " a trindle bed."
Compare Hall's description of an obsequious tutor :

" He lieth in a truckle bed
While his young master lieth o'er his head."

Satires, ii. 6, 5.

The bed was drawn in the daytime under the high bed of the tutor. See
Wordsworth's " University Life in the Eighteenth Century." (M. B.)



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 235

what \\dth her person and the number of fine ladies
that were with her, I was much out of countenance,
and could hardly carry myself like a man among them ;
but however, I staid till my courage was up again, and
talked to them, and viewed her house, which is most
pleasant, and so drank and good night.

3rd. Sir W. Pen and I by coach to St. James's, and
there to the Duke's Chamber, who had been a-hunt-
ing this morning and is come back again. To dinner
to my Lady Sandwich, and Sir Thomas Crew's children
coming thither, I took them and all my Ladys to the
Tower and showed them the lions ^ and all that was
to be shown. Sir Thomas Crew's children being as
pretty and the best behaved that ever I saw of their
age. Thence, at the goldsmith's, took my picture in
little, which is now done, home with me, and pleases
me exceedingly and my wife.

4th. Mr. Holliard came to me and let me blood,
about sixteen ounces, I being exceedingly full of
blood and very good. I begun to be sick ; but lying
upon my back I was presently well again, and did give
him 5J-. for his pains. After dinner, my arm tied up
with a black ribbon, I walked with my wife to my
brother Tom's ; our boy waiting on us with his sword,^
which this day he begins to wear, to outdo Sir W. Pen's
boy, who this day, and Sir W. Batten's too, begin to
wear new livery ; but I do take mine to be the neatest
of them all. I led my wife to Mrs. Turner's pew, and

1 Hence the phrases " to lionize," " to see the lions." (M. B.)

2 See 7th Dec. 1661, attte.



236 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

the church being full, it being to hear a Doctor who
is to preach a probacon sermon, I went out to the
Temple and there walked, and so when church was
done my wife and I walked to Grayes Inne, to observe
fashions of the ladies, because of my wife's making
some clothes.

5 th. My arme not being well, I staid within all the
morning. My wife gone to buy some things for her-
self, and a gowne for me to dress myself in.

6th. This morning I got my seat set up on the
leads, which pleases me well.

7th. Walked to Westminster ; where I understand
the news that Mr. Montagu is this last night come to
the King with news, that he left the Queene and fleete
in the Bay of Biscay, coming this wayward ; and that
he believes she is now at the Isle of Scilly. So at
noon to my Lord Crew's and there dined, and after
dinner Sir Thos. Crew and I talked together, and
among other instances of the simple hght discourse
that sometimes is in the Parliament House, he told
me how in the late business of Chymny money, when
all occupiers were to pay, it was questioned whether
women were under that name to pay, and somebody
rose and said that they were not occupiers, but occu-
pied. Thence to Paul's Church Yard ; where seeing
my Ladys Sandwich and Carteret, and my wife (who
this day made a visit the first time to my Lady Car-
teret'), come by coach, and going to Hide Parke, I

1 Elizabeth, who married her cousin, Sir George Carteret, was the daugh-
ter of Sir Philip Carteret.



DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS. 23/

was resolved to follow them ; and so went to Mrs.
Turner's : and thence found her out at the Theatre,
where I saw the last act of the " Knight of the Burn-
ing Pestle," ^ which pleased me not at all. And so
after the play done, she and The. Turner and Mrs.
Lucin 2 and I, in her coach to the Parke ; and there
found them out, and spoke to them ; and observed
many fine ladies, and staid till all were gone almost.

8th. At the office all the morning doing business
alonC; and returned home, and was overtaken by Sir
G. Carteret in his coach. He told me that the Queene
and the fleet were in Mount's Bay on Monday last ;
and that the Queene endures her sickness pretty well.
He also told me how Sir John Lawson hath done some
execution upon the Turkes in the Straight, of which
I am glad, and told the news the first on the Exchange,
and was much followed by merchants to tell it. Sir
G. Carteret, among other discourse, tells me that it is
Mr. Coventry that is to come to us as a Commissioner
of the Nav}^ ; at which he is much vexed, and cries
out upon Sir W. Pen, and threatens him highly. And
looking upon his lodgings, which are now enlarging,
he in passion cried, " Guarda mi spada ; 3 for, by God,
I may chance to keep him in Ireland, when he is
there : " for Sir W. Pen is going thither with my Lord
Lieutenant. But it is my design to keep much in with
Sir George ; and I think I have begun very well towards
it.

' A Comedy by Beaumont and Fletcher.
2 Query, Lukyn. 3 Sic, orig.



238 DIARY OF SAMUEL PEPYS.

9th. Up and to my office, and so to dinner at home,
and then to Westminster. Thence to Mr. de Cretz,
and there saw some good pieces that he hath copyed
of the King's pieces, some of Raphael and Michael
Angelo ; and I have borrowed an Elizabeth of his copy-
ing to hang up in my house. Thence with Salisbury,
who I met there, into Covent Garden to an alehouse,
to see a picture that hangs there, which is offered for
20J-., and I offered fourteen — but it is worth much
more money — but did not buy it, I having no mind
to break my oathe. Thence to see an Italian puppet
play, that is within the rayles there, which is very
pretty, the best that ever I saw, and great resort of
gallants. So to the Temple and by water home, and
so walk upon the leades, and in the dark there played
upon my flageolette, and so to supper and to bed.
The Duke of York went last night to Portsmouth ; so
that I believe the Queene is near.

loth. At noon to the Wardrobe ; there dined. My
Lady told me how my Lady Castlemaine do speak of
going to lie in at Hampton Court ; which she and all
our ladies are much troubled at, because of the King's


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Online LibrarySamuel PepysDiary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys from his MS. cypher in the Pepsyian Library, with a life and notes by Richard Lord Braybrooke (Volume 2) → online text (page 16 of 24)