Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 3) online

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168 PEPYS'S DIARY. [May,

with her, both patched and very fine, and in much the
finest coach in the Park, and I think that ever I did see
one or other, for neatness and richness in gold and
everything that is noble. My Lady Castlemaine, the
King, ray Lord St. Albans, Mr. Jermyn, have not so
neat a coach, that ever I saw. And Lord ! to have
them have this, and nothing else that is correspondent,
is to me one of the most ridiculous sights that ever I
did see, though her present dress was well enough;
but to live in the condition they do at home, and be
abroad in this coach astonishes me. When we had
spent half an hour in the Park, we went out again,
weary of the dust, and despairing of seeing my Lady
Newcastle ; and to St. James's. But we staying by
the way to drink, she got home a little before us : so
we lost our labours, and then home ; where we find the
two young ladies come home, and their patches off ;
I suppose Sir W. Pen do not allow of them in his
sight. Sir W. Pen did give me an account this after-
noon of his design of buying Sir Robert Brookes's
fine house at Wanstead : which I so wondered at, and
did give him reasons against it, which he allowed of :
and told me that he did intend to pull down the house
and build a less, and that he should get 1,500 by the
old house, and I know not what fooleries. But I will
never believe he ever intended to buy it, for my part ;
though he troubled Mr. G-auden to go and look upon
it, and advise him in it.

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 169

2nd. To my Lord Treasurer's, who continues so ill
as not to be troubled with business.

3rd. To the Duke of York's chamber, which, as it is
now fretted at the top, and the chimney-piece made
handsome, is one of the noblest and best-proportioned
rooms that ever, I think, I saw. Among other things,
we had a proposition of Mr. Pierce's, for being con-
tinued in pay, or something done for him, in reward of
his pains as Chirurgeon- General ; for as much as
Troutbecke, that was never a doctor before, hath got
200 a year settled on him for nothing but that one
voyage with the Duke of Albemarle. The Duke and
the whole company did show most particular kindness
to Mr. Pierce, everybody moving for him, and the
Duke himself most, that he is likely to be a very great
man, I believe. To Westminster by coach ; the Cof-
ferer telling us odd stories how he was dealt with by
the men of the Church at Westminster in taking a
lease of them at the King's coming in, and particularly
the devilish covetousness of Dr. Busby. Sir Stephen
Fox, in discourse, told him how he is selling some
land he hath, which yields him not above three
per cent., if so much, and turning it into money, which
he can put out at 10 per cent. ; and, as times go, if
they be like to continue, it is the best way for me to
keep money going so, for aught I set . Took a turn
with my old acquaintance Mr. Pechell, whose red
nose makes me ashamed to be seen with him, though


otherwise a good-natured man. This day the news is
come that the fleet of the Dutch, of about twenty ships,
which caine upon our coasts upon design to have inter-
cepted our colliers, but by good luck failed, is gone
to the Frith, and there lies, perhaps to trouble the
Scotch privateers, which have galled them of late very
much, it may be more than all our last year's fleet.

4th. To the office, where a great conflict I had with
Sir W. Warren, he bringing a letter to the Board,
flatly in words charging them with their delays in
passing his accounts, which have been with them these
three years, part of which I said was not true, and the
other indecent. So I writ in the margin of the letter,
" Returned as untrue," and, by consent of the Board,
did give it him again.

5th. (Lord's day.) Sir John Robinson tells me he
hath now got a street ordered to be continued, forty
feet broad, from Paul's through Cannon Street to the
Tower, which will be very fine. He and others this
day, where I was in the afternoon, do tell me of at
least six or eight fires within these few days ; and con-
tinually stirs of fires, and real fires there have been, in
one place or other, almost ever since the late great fire,
as if there was a fate sent people for fire. I walked
over the Park to Sir W. Coventry's. We talked of
Tangier, of which ho is ashamed ; also that it should
put the King to this charge for no good in the world :
and now a man going over that is a good soldier, but

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 171

a debauched man, which the place need not to have.
And so used these words : " That this place was to the
King as my Lord Carnarvon says of wood, that it is
an excrescence of the earth provided by God for the
payment of debts." This day Sir W. Coventry tells
me the Dutch fleet shot some shot, four or five hundred,
into Burnt Island in the Frith, but without any hurt ;
and so are gone.

6th. To dinner, where Creed came, whom I vexed
devilishly with telling him a wise man, and good friend
of his and mine, did say that he lately went into the
country to Hinchingbroke ; and, at his coming to town
again, had shifted his lodgings, only to avoid paying to
the Poll Bill, which is so true that he blushed, and
could not in words deny it.

7th. To St. James's ; but there find Sir "W. Coventry
gone out betimes this morning, on horseback, with the
King and Duke of York, to Putney Heath to run some

8th. To inquire about the ground behind our house,
of which I have a mind to buy enough to make a stable
and coach-house ; for I do see that my condition does
require it, as well that it is more charge to my purse
to live as I do than to keep one.

9th. Sir W. Coventry tells me he hears stories of
Commissioner Pett, of selling timber to the Navy
under other names, which I told him I believe is true,
and did give him an instance. He told me also bow his

172 PEPYS'S DIARY. [May,

clerk Floyd he hath put away for his common idleness
and ill company, and particularly that yesterday he was
found not able to come and attend him, by being run
into the arm in a squabble, though he pretends it was
done in the streets by strangers, -at nine at night, by
the Maypole in the Strand. Sir W. Coventry did
write to me this morning to recommend him another,
which I could find in my heart to do W. Hewer for his
good ; but do believe he will not part with me, nor
have I any mind to let him go. I would my brother
were fit for it, I would adventure him there. He
insists upon an unmarried man, that can write well,
and hath French enough to transcribe it only from a
copy, and may write short-hand, if it may be. To my
Lord Chancellor at Clarendon House. Mightily
pleased with the nobleness of this house, and the brave
furniture and pictures, which indeed is very noble.
With Sir G. Carteret in his coach into Hyde Park,
telling me all his concernments, and how he is gone
through with the purchase for my Lady Jemimah and
her husband; how the Treasury is like to come into
the hands of a Committee ; but that not that, nor any-
thing else, will do our business, unless the King him-
self will mind his business, and how his servants do
execute their parts : that the King is very kind to him,
and to my Lord Sandwich, and that he doubts not but
nt his coming home, which he expects about Michael-
mas, he will bo very well received. My Lady Jemimah

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 173

looks to lie down about two months hence. In our
street, at the " Three Tuns Tavern," I find a great
hubbub ; and what was it but two brothers had fallen
out, and one killed the other. And who should
they be but the two Fieldings ; one whereof, Bazill,
was page to my Lady Sandwich ; and he hath killed
the other, himself being very drunk, and so is sent to

10th. At noon to Kent's, at the "Three Tuns
Tavern ; " and there the constable of the parish did
show us the picklocks and dice that were found in the
dead man's pocket, and but 18d. in money : and a table-
book, wherein were entered the names of several places
where he was to go ; and among others Kent's house,
where he was to dine, and did dine yesterday : and
after dinner went into the church, and there saw his
corpse with the wound in his left breast ; a sad spec-
tacle, and a broad wound, which makes my hand now
shake to write of it. His brother intending, it seems,
to kill the coachman, who did not please him, this
fellow stepped in, and took away his sword; who
thereupon took out his knife, which was of the fashion,
with a falchion blade, and a little cross at the hilt like
a dagger ; and with that stabbed him. Drove hard
towards Clerkenwell, thinking to have overtaken my
Lady Newcastle, whom I saw before us in her coach,
with 100 boys and girls running looking upon her : but

174 PEPYS'S DIARY. [May,

I could not : and so she got home before I could come
up to her. But I will get a time to see her.

llth. My wife being dressed this day in fair hair
did make me so mad that I spoke not one word to her,
though I was ready to burst with anger. After that,
Creed and I into the Park, and walked, a most
pleasant evening, and so took coach, and took up my
wife, and in my way home discovered my trouble to
my wife for her white locks, swearing several times,
which I pray God forgive me for, and bending my
fist, that I would not endure it. She, poor wretch,
was surprised with it, and made me no answer all the
way home ; but there we parted, and I to the office
late, and then home, and without supper to bed, vexed.

12th. (Lord's day.) Up, and to my chamber, to
settle some accounts there, and by-and-by down comes
my wife to me in her night-gown, and we began
calmly, that upon having money to lace her gown for
second mourning, she would promise to wear white
locks no more in my sight, which I, like a severe fool,
thinking not enough, began to except against, and
made her fly out to very high terms and cry, and in
her heat, told me of keeping company with Mrs.
Knipp, saying, that if I would promise never to see
her more of whom she hath more reason to suspect
than I had heretofore of Pembleton she would never
wear white locks more. This vexed me, but I re-
strained myself from saying anything, but do think

1667.J PEPTS'S DIARY. 175

never to see this woman at least to have her here
more, and so all very good friends as ever. My wife
and I bethought ourselves to go to a French house to
dinner, and so inquired out Monsieur Robins, nay
periwig maker, who keeps an ordinary, and in an
ugly street in Covent Garden did find him at the
door, and so we in ; and in a moment almost had the
table covered, and clean glasses, and all in the French
manner, and a mess of potage first, and then a piece of
bceuf a-la-mode, all exceeding well seasoned, and to
our great liking; at least it would have been any-
where else but in this bad street, and in a periwig-
maker's house ; but to see the pleasant and ready
attendance that we had, and all things so desirous to
please, and ingenious in the people, did take me
mightily. Our dinner cost us 6s. Walked over the
fields to Kingsland, and back again ; a walk, I think,
I have not taken these twenty years ; but puts me in
mind of my boy's time, when I boarded at Kingsland,
and used to shoot with my bow and arrows in these
fields. A very pretty place it is : and little did any of
my friends think I should come to walk in these fields
in this condition and state that I am. Then took
coach again, and home through Shoreditch; and at
home my wife finds Barker to have been abroad, and
telling her so many lies about it, that she struck her,
and the wench said she would not stay with her : so I
examined the wench, and found her in so many lies

176 PEPTS'S DIARY. [May,

myself, that I was glad to be rid of her, and so re.
solved having her go away to-morrow.

13th. My wife rising to send away Barker, accord-
ing to our resolution last night, and she did do it with
more clothes than have cost us 10, and 20s. in her
purse, which I did for the respect I bear Mr. Falcon-
bridge, otherwise she had not deserved half of it.
This morning came Sir H. Cholmly to me for a tally or
two ; and tells me that he hears that we are by agreement
to give the King of France Nova Scotia, which he do
not like : but I do not know the importance of it.
Sir Philip Warwick do please himself, like a good
man, to tell some of the good ejaculations of my Lord
Treasurer concerning the little worth of this world, to
buy it with so much pain, and other things fit for a
dying man.

14th. To my Lord Chancellor's, where I met Mr.
Povy, expecting the coming of the rest of the Com-
missioners for Tangier. Here I understand how the
two Dukes, both the only sons of the Duke of York,
are sick even to danger, and that on Sunday last they
were both so ill, as that the poor duchess was in doubt
which would die first : the Duke of Cambridge of some
general disease ; the other little duke, whose title I
know not, of the convulsion fits, of which he had four
this morning. Fear that either of them might be
dead, did make us think that it was the occasion that
the Duke of York and others were not come to the

1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. !?7

meeting of the commission which was designed, and
my Lord Chancellor did expect. And it was pretty to
observe how, when my Lord sent down to St. James's
to see why the Duke of York came not, and Mr.
Povy, who went, returned, my Lord (Chancellor) did
ask, not how the Princes or the Dukes do, as other
people do, but " How do the children p " which me-
tho light was mighty great, and like a great man and
grandfather. I find everybody mightily concerned for
these children, as a matter wherein the State is much
concerned that they should live.

15th. I away with Sir G. Carteret to London, talk-
ing all the way : and he do tell me that the business of
my Lord Hinchiugbroke his marriage with my Lord
Burlington's daughter is concluded on by all friends ;
and that my Lady is now told of it, and do mightily
please herself with it : which I am mightily glad of.
News still that my Lord Treasurer is so ill as not to
be any man of this world; and it is said that the
Treasury shall be managed by Commission. I would
to God Sir G. Carteret, or my Lord Sandwich, be in
it ! But the latter is the more fit for it.

16th. This being Holy Thursday, when the boys go
our procession round the parish, we were to go to the
Three Tuns Tavern, to dine with the rest of the
parish ; where all the parish almost was, Sir Andrew
Rickard and others ; and of our house, J. Minues, W.
Batten, W. Pen, and myself ; and Mr. Mills did sit

lV8 PEPY8*S DIARY. [May,

uppermost at the table. Sir John Fredericke and Sir
R. Ford did talk of Paul's School, which, they tell me,
must be taken away ; and then I fear it will be long
before another place, such as they say is promised, is
found ; but they do say that the honour of their company
is concerned in the doing of it, and that it is a thing that
they are obliged to do. To my Lord Treasurer's,
where I find the porter crying, and suspected it was
that my Lord is dead ; and, poor Lord ! we did find
that he was dead just now; and the crying of the
fellow did so trouble me, that considering I was not
likely to trouble him any more, nor have occasion to
give any more, I did give him 3s. ; but it may be,
poor man, he hath lost a considerable hope by the
death of his lord, whose house will be no more fre-
quented. There is a good man gone : and I pray God
that the Treasury may not be worse managed by the
hand or hands it shall now be put into, though for
certain the slowness, though he was of great integrity,
of this man, and remissness, have gone as far to undo
the nation as anything else that hath happened ; and
yet, if I knew all the difficulties that he hath lain
under, and his instrument Sir Philip Warwick, I
might be true to another mind. It is remarkable that
this afternoon Mr. Moore came to me, and there,
among other things, did tell me how Mr. Moyer, the
merchant, having procured an order from the King
and Duke of York and Council, with the consent of

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 179

my Lord Chancellor, and by assistance of Lord
Arlington, .for the releasing out of prison his brother,
Samuel Moyer, who was a great man in the late times
in Haberdashers' Hall, and was engaged under hand
and seal to give the man that obtained it so much in
behalf of my Lord Chancellor ; but it seems my Lady
Duchess of Albemarle hath before undertaken it for so
much money, but hath not done it. The Duke of
Albemarle did the next day send for this Moyer, to
tell him, that notwithstanding this order of the King
and Council's being passed for release of his brother,
yet, if he did not consider the pains of some friends of
his, he would stop that order. This Moyer being an
honest, bold man, told him that he was engaged to the
hand that had done the thing to give him a reward ;
and more he could not give, nor could own any kind-
ness done by his Grace's interest : and so parted. The
next day Sir Edward Savage did take the said Moyer
in tax about it, giving, ill words of this Moyer and his
brother; which he not being able to bear, told him
he would give to the person that had engaged him
what he promised, and not anything to anybody else,
and that both he and his brother were as honest men
as himself, or any man else, and so sent him going,
and bid him do his worst. It is one of the most extra-
ordinary cases that ever I saw or understood ; but it is
17th. To R. Yiner's with 600 pieces of gold to turn


into silver, for the enabling me to answer Sir G.
Carteret's 3,000 ; which he now draws all out of my
hand towards the paying for a purchase he hath made
for his son and my Lady Jemimah, in Northampton-
shire, of Sir Samuel Luke, in a good place ; a good
house, and near all her friends, which is a very happy

19th. (Lord's day.) To church, where my old ac-
quaintance, that dull fellow, Meriton, made a good
sermon, and hath a strange knack of a grave, serious
delivery, which is very agreeable. Great talk of the
good end that my Lord Treasurer made ; closing his
own eyes, and wetting his mouth, and bidding adieu
with the greatest content and freedom in the world ;
and is said to die with the cleanest hands that ever
any Lord Treasurer did. Mr. Howe came to see us ;
and, among other things, told us how the barristers
and students of Gray's Inn rose in rebellion against
the benchers the other day, who outlawed them, and a
great deal of do ; but now they are at peace again.

20th. Among other news, I hear that the Commis-
sioners for the Treasury were named by the King
yesterday ; but who they are nobody could tell ; but
the persons are the Lord Chancellor, the two Secre-
taries, Lord Ashly, and others say Sir "W. Coventry
and Sir John Duncomb, but all conclude the Duke of
Albemarle ; but reports do differ. It being a broken
day, did walk abroad, first through the Minories, the.

1667.J PEPYS'S DIARY. 181

first time I have been over the Hill to the postern-gate
and seen the place since the houses were pulled down
about that side of the Tower, since the fire. I find it
everywhere doubted whether we shall have a peace or
no, and the captain of one of onr ships that went with
the Ambassadors, do say, that the seamen of Holland
in his hearing did defy us, and called us English dogs,
and cried out against peace, and that the great people
there do oppose peace, though he says the common
people do wish it.

21st. To Lincoln's Inn Fields, and there viewed
several coach-houses. Thence home ; but, Lord ! how
it went against my heart to go away from the very
door of the Duke's playhouse,] and my Lady Castle-
maine's coach, and many great coaches there, to see
TJie Siege of Rhodes. I was very near making a for-
feit, but I did command myself.

22nd. Up, and by water to Whitehall to Sir G. Car-
teret, who tells me now for certain how the Commis-
sion for the Treasury is disposed of, viz., to Duke of
Albemarle, Lord Ashly, Sir "W. Coventry, Sir John
Duncomb, and Sir Thomas Clifford ; at which, he says,
all the whole Court is disturbed ; it having been once
concluded otherwise into the other hands formerly
mentioned in ye&terday's notes, but all of a sudden the
King's choice was changed, and these are to be the
men ; the first of which is only for a puppef to give
honour to the rest. He do presage that these men

182 PEPYS'S DIARY. [May,

will make it their business to find faults in the manage-
ment of the late Lord Treasurer, and in discouraging
the bankers ; but I am, whatever I in compliance do
say to him, of another mind, and my heart is very glad
of it, for I do expect they will do much good, and that
it is the happiest thing that hath appeared to me for
the good of the nation since the King came in.
Thence to St. James's, and up to the Duke of York ;
and there in his chamber Sir ~W. Coventry did of him-
self take notice of this business of the Treasury,
wherein he is in the Commission, and desired that I
would be thinking of anything fit for him to be ac-
quainted with for the lessening of charge and bettering
of our credit, and what our expense hath been since
the King's coming home, which he believes will be
one of the first things they shall inquire into ; which I
promised him, and from time to time, which he desires,
will give him an account of what I can think of worthy
his knowledge. I am mighty glad of this opportunity
of professing my joy to him in what choice the King
hath made, and the hopes I have that it will save the
kingdom from perishing ; and how it do encourage me
to take pains again, after my having through despair
neglected it, which he told me of himself that it was
so with him, that he had given himself up to more
ease than ever he expected, and that his opinion of
matters' was so bad, that there was no public employ-
ment in the kingdom should have been accepted by

1667.] PEPTS'S DIAB5T. 183

him but this which the King hath now given him; and
therein he is glad, in hopes of the service he may do
therein; and in my conscience he will. So into the
Duke of York's closet ; and there, among other things,
Sir W. Coventry did take notice of what he told me
the other day, about a report of Commissioner Pett's
dealing for timber in the Navy, and selling it to us in
other names ; and, besides his own proof, did produce
a paper I had given him this morning about it, in the
case of Widow Murford and Morecocke, which was
so handled, that the Duke of York grew very angry,
and commanded us presently to fall into the examina-
tion of it, saying that he would not trust a man for
his sake that lifts up the whites of his eyes. And it
was declared that if he be found to have done so, he
should be reckoned unfit to serve the Navy ; and I do
believe he will be turned out ; and it was, methought,
a worthy saying of Sir W. Coventry to the Duke of
York. " Sir," says he, "I do not make this complaint
out of any disrespect to Commissioner Pett, but be-
cause I do love to do these things fairly and openly.''
Comes my poor father, much better than I expected.
I am mighty glad to see him come well to town. To
the King's house, where I did give 18d., and saw the
two last acts of The Goblins, a play I could not make
anything of by these two acts, but here Knipp spied
me out of the tiring-room, and came to the pit door,
and I out to her, and kissed her, she only coming to

184 PEPYS'S DIARY. [May,

see me being in a country dress, she and others having,
it seems, had a country dance in the play, but she no
other part : so we parted, and I into the pit again till
it was done. The house full, but I had no mind to be
seen. To Sir "W. Batten's, and there got some more
part of my dividend of the prize-money. This day
coming from Westminster with W. Batten, we saw at
Whitehall stairs a fisher-boat, with a sturgeon that he
had newly catched in the River ; which I saw, but it
was but a little one ; but big enough to prevent my
mistake of that for a colt, if ever I become Mayor of

23rd. Home, and with my father dined, and, poor
man ! he hath put off his travelling- clothes to-day, and
is mighty spruce, and I love to see him cheerful. Sir
John Buncombe is sworn yesterday a Privy-councillor.
This day I hear also that last night the Duke of
Kendall, second son of the Duke of York, did die; and
that the other, Duke of Cambridge, continues very ill

24th. My wife not well, but yet engaged by invita-
tion to go with Sir W. Pen. I got her to go with him

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