Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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Swedeland, and Newcastle coals, the only place in
America that hath coals that we know of ; and that
Cromwell did value those places, and would for ever
have made much of them ; but we have given them
away for nothing, besides a debt to the King of
Denmark. But, which is most of all, they have dis-
charged those very particular demands of merchants
of the G-uinea company and others, which he, when he
was there, had adjusted with the Dutch, and come to
an agreement in writing, and they undertaken to
satisfy, and that this was done in black and white
tinder their hands ; and yet we have forgiven all these,
and not so much aa sent to Sir G. Downing to know

1667.] PEPYS'S DIAKT. 159

what he had done, or to confer with him about any
one point of the treaty, but signed to what they would
have, and we here signed to whatever in gross was
brought over by Mr. Coventry. And Sir G. Downing
tells me just in these words, " My Lord Chancellor
had a mind to keep himself from being questioned by
clapping up a peace upon any terms." When I
answered that there were other Privy Councillors to be
advised witfh besides him, and that, therefore, this
whole peace could not be laid to his charge, he
answered that nobody durst say anything at the
Council table but himself, and that the King was as
much afraid of saying anything there as the meanest
Privy Councillor ; and says more, that at this day the
King, in familiar talk, do call the Chancellor "the
insolent man," and says that he would not let him
speak himself in Council : which is very high, and do
show that the Chancellor is like to be in a bad state,
unless he can defend himself better than people think.
And yet Creed tells me that he do hear that my Lord
Cornbury do say that his father do long for the
coming of the Parliament, in order to his own vindi-
cation, more than any one of his enemies. And here
it comes into my head to set down what Mr. Rawlinson,
whom I met in Fenchurch Street on Friday last, look-
ing over his ruins there, told me, that he was told by
one of my Lord Chancellor's gentlemen lately, that a
grant coming to him to be sealed, wherein the King

160 PEPYS'S DIAET. [September,

hath given my Lady Castlemaine, or somebody by her
meaus, a place which he did not like well of, he did
stop the grant ; saying, that he thought this woman
would sell everything shortly : which she hearing of,
she sent to let him know that she had disposed of this
place, and did not doubt, in a little time, to dispose of
his. To Whitehall, and saw the King and Queen at
dinner ; and observed, which I never did before, the
formality, but it is but a formality, of putting a bit of
bread wiped upon each dish into the mouth of every
man that brings a dish ; but it should be in the sauce.
Here were some Russes come to see the King at
dinner: among others, the interpreter, a comely English-
man, in the Envoy's own clothes ; which the Envoy,
it seems, in vanity did send to show his fine clothes
upon this man's back, he being one, it seems, of a
comelier presence than himself : and yet it is said that
none of their clothes are their own, but taken out of
the King's own wardrobe ; and which they dare not
bring back dirty or spotted, but clean, or are in danger
of being beaten, as they say : insomuch that, Sir
Charles Cotterell says, when they are to have an
audience they never venture to put on their clothes
till he appears to come to fetch them; and, as soon
as ever they come home, put them off again. I to Sir
G. Carteret's to dinner; where Mr. Cofferer Ash-
burnham, who told a good story of a prisoner's being
condemned at Salisbury for a small matter. While he

1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 161

was on the Bench with his father-in-law, Judge
Richardson, and while they were considering to trans-
port him to save his life, the fellow flung a great stone
at the judge, that missed him, but broke through the
wainscoat. Upon this, he had his hand cut off, and
was hanged presently. Here was a gentleman, one
Sheres, one come lately from my Lord Sandwich, with
an express ; but, Lord ! I was almost ashamed to see
him, lest he should know that I have not yet wrote one
letter to my Lord since his going.

9th. After dinner, Creed and I and my wife to the
Bear Garden to see a prize fought there. To White-
hall ; and here do hear, by Tom Killigrew and Mr.
Progers, that for certain news is come of Harman's
having spoiled nineteen of twenty-two French ships,
somewhere about the Barbadoes, I think they said;
but wherever it is, it is a good service, and very
welcome. I fell in talk with Tom Killigrew about
music, and he tells me that he will bring me to the
best music in England, of which, indeed, he is master,
and that is two Italians and Mrs. Tates, who, he says,
is come to sing the Italian manner as well as ever he
heard any : he says that Knipp won't take pains
enough, but that she understands her part so well upon
the stage, that no man or woman in the house do the
like. To the Bear Garden, where now the yard was
full of people, and those most of them seamen, striving
bv force +o get in, that I was afraid to be seen among

162 PEPYSS DIARY. [September,

them, but got into the ale-house, and so by a back
way was put into the bull-house, where I stood a good
while all alone among the bulls, and was afraid I was
among the bears too ; and by-and-by the door opened.
I got into the common pit ; and there, with my cloak
about ray face, I stood and saw the prize fought, till
one of them, a shoemaker, was so cut in both his
wrists that he could not fight any longer, and then
they broke off : his enemy was a butcher. The sport
very good, and various humours to be seen among the
rabble that is there. To Sir W. Batten's, to invite
them to dinner on Wednesday next, having a whole
buck come from Hampton Court, by the warrant which
Sir Stephen Fox did give me.

10th. At the office, where little to do but bemoan
ourselves under the want of money ; and indeed little
is, or can be done, we having not now received one
penny for any service in many weeks, and none in
view, saving for paying of some seamen's wages. To
St. James's, where we all met, and did our usual
weekly business with the Duke of York. But, Lord !
methinks both he and we are mighty flat and dull to
what we used to be. when Sir W. Coventry was among
us. Met Mr. Povy ; and he and I to walk an hour or
more in the Pall Mall, talking of the times. He tells
me, among other things, that this business of the
Chancellor do breed a kind of inward distance between
the King and the Duke of Tork, and that it cannot be

1667.J PEPYS'S DIABT. 163


avoided; for though the latter did at first move it
through his folly, yet he is made to see that he is
wounded by it, and is become much a less man than
he was, and so will be ; but he tells me that they are,
and have always been, great dissemblers one towards
another, and that their parting heretofore in France
is never to be thoroughly reconciled between them.
He tells me that he believes there is no such thing
likely to be as a composition with my Lady Castle-
maine, and that she shall be got out of the way before
the Parliament comes, for he says she is as high as
ever she was, though he believes the King is as weary
of her as possible, and would give anything to remove
her, but he is so weak in his passion that he dare not
do it ; that he do believe that my Lord Chancellor will
be doing some acts in the Parliament which shall
render him popular ; and that there are many people
now do speak kindly of him that did not before ; but
that if he do do this, it must provoke the King, and
that party that removed him. He seems to doubt
what the King of France will do, in case an accom-
modation skall be made between Spain and him for
Flanders, for then he will have nothing more easy to
do with his army than to subdue us.

llth. Up, and with Mr. Gauden to the Exchequer.
By the way, he tells me this day he is to be answered
whether he must hold Sheriff or no ; for he would not
hold unless he may keep it at his office, which is out of

164 PEPYS S DIARY. [SeptemTxsr,

the City, and so my Lord Mayor must come with his
sword down whenever he comes thither, which he do,
because he cannot get a bouse fit for him in the City,
or else he will fine for it. Among others that they
have in nomination for Sheriff, one is little Chaplin,
who was his servant, and a very young man to undergo
that place ; but as the City is now, there is no great
honour nor joy to be had in being a public officer.
Come to dine with me Sir W. Batten and his lady,
and Mr. Griffith, their ward, and Sir W. Pen and his
lady, and Mrs. Lowther, who is grown, either through
pride or want of manners, a fool, having not a word to
say ; and as a further mark of a beggarly, proud fool,
hath a bracelet of diamonds and rubies about her wrist,
and a sixpenny necklace about her neck, and not one
good rag of clothes upon her back; and Sir John
Chichly in their company, and Mrs. Turner. Here I
had an extraordinary good % and handsome dinner for
them, and better than any of them deserve or under-
stand, saving Sir John Chichly and Mrs. Turner, and
not much mirth, only what I by discourse made, and
that against my genius. To the Duke of York's play-
house, and there saw part of The Ungrateful Lovers,
and sat by Beck Marshall, whose hand is very hand-
some. Here came Mr. Moore, and sat and discoursed
with me of public matters : the sum of which is, that
he do doubt that there is more at the bottom than the
removal of the Chancellor ; that is, he do verily believe

1667.1 PEPYS'S DIARY. 165

that the King do resolve to declare the Duke of Mon-
mouth legitimate, and that we shall soon see it. This
I do not think the Duke of York will endure without
blows ; but his poverty, and being lessened by having
the Chancellor fallen and Sir "W". Coventry gone from
him, will disable him from being able to do anything
almost, he being himself almost lost in the esteem of
people ; and will be more and more, unless my Lord
Chancellor, who is already begun to be pitied by some
people, and to be better thought of than was expected,
do recover himself in Parliament. He do say that
that is very true, that my Lord Chancellor did lately
make some stop of some grants of 2,000 a year to my
Lord Grandison, which was only in his name, for the
use of my Lady Castlemaine's children ; and that this
did incense her, and she did speak very scornful words,
and sent a scornful message to him about it.

12th. To the Exchequer for some tallies for Tangier ;
and that being done, to the Dog tavern, and there
I spent half a piece upon the clerks. To the Duke's
house, where Tu Quoque was the first time acted, with
some alterations of Sir W. Davenant's ; but the play
is a very silly play, methinks ; for I, and others that
sat by me, Mr. Povy and Mr. Progers, were weary of
it, but it will please the citizens.

13th. Called up by people come to deliver in ten
chaldron of coals, brought in one of our prizes from
Newcastle. The rest we intend to sell, we having

166 PEPYS'S DIABY. [September,

above ten cnaldron between us. They sell at about
28s. or 29s. per chaldron; but Sir W. Batten hath
sworn that he was a cuckold that sells under 30s., and
that makes us lay up all but what we have for our own
spending, which is very pleasant; for I believe we
shall be glad to sell them for less.

14th. The King and Duke of York and the whole
Court is mighty joyful at the Duchess of York's being
brought to bed this day, or yesterday, of a son ; which
will settle men's minds mightily. And Pierce tells
me that he do think that what the King do, of giving
the Duke of Monmouth the command of his Guards,
and giving my Lord Gerard 12,000 for it, is merely
to find an employment for him upon which he may
live, and not out of any design to bring him into any
title to the Crown ; which Mr. Moore did the other
day put me into great fear of. To the King's play-
house to see The Northern Casile, which I think I
never did see before. Knipp acted in it, and did her
part very extraordinary well ; but the play is but a
mean, sorry play ; but the house very full of gallants.
It seems, it hath not been acted a good while.

15th. (Lord's Day.) To church, where I stood, in
continual fear of Mrs. Markham's coming, and offering
to come into our pew, to prevent which, soon as ever I
heard the great door open, I did step back, and clap
my breech to our pew-door, that she might be forced
to shove me to come in ; but, as God would have it,

1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 167

she did not come. Mr. Mills preached, and after
sermon, by invitation, he and his wife come to dine
with me, which is the first time they have been in my
house, I think, these five years, I thinking it not amiss
because of their acquaintance in our country to show
them some respect. Mr. Turner and his wife, and
their son the Captain, dined with me, and I had a very
good dinner for them, and very merry, and after
dinner, Mr. Mills was forced to go, though it rained,
to Stepney, to preach. We also to church, and then
home, and there comes Mr. Felling with two men, by
promise, one "Wellington and Piggott, the former
whereof, being a very little fellow, did sing a most
excellent bass, and yet a poor fellow, a working gold-
smith, that goes without gloves to his hands. Here
we sung several good things. They supped with me,
and so broke up.

16th. Sir H. Oholmly was with me a good while ;
who tells me that the Duke of York's child is
christened, the Duke of Albemarle and the Marquis of
Worcester godfathers, and my Lady Suffolk god-
mother; and they have named it Edgar, which is a
brave name. But it seems they are more joyful in the
Chancellor's family, at the birth of this Prince, than in
wisdom they should, for fear it should give the King
cause of jealousy. Sir H. Cholmly thinks there may
possibly be some persons that would be glad to have
the Queen removed to some monastery, or somewhere

168 PfiPYSS DlAItY. [September,

or other, to make room for a new wife ; for they will
all be unsafe under the Duke of York. He says the
King and Parliament will agree; that is, that the
King will do anything that they will have him. At
the New Exchange, I stayed reading Mrs. Phillips's
poems till my wife and Mercer called me to Mrs.
Pierce's, by invitation to dinner, where I find her
painted, which makes me loathe her, and the nastiest
poor dinner that made me sick. Here I met with " A
Fourth Advice to the Painter upon the coming in of the
Dutch to the River and End of the War," that made
my heart ache to read, it being too sharp, and so true.
Here I also saw a printed account of the examinations
taken touching the burning of the City of London,
showing the plot of the Papists therein; which, it
seems, hath been ordered to be burnt by the hands of
the common hangman, in Westminster Palace. My
wife and Mercer and I away to the King's playhouse
to see the Scornful Lady, but it being now three
o'clock there was not one soul in the pit ; whereupon,
for shame, we could not go in, but against our wills,
went all to see Tu Quoque again, where there was
pretty store of company. Here we saw Madam Mor-
land, who is grown mighty fat, but is very comely.
But one of the best parts of our sport was a mighty
pretty lady that sat behind us, that did laugh so
heartily and constantly, that it did me good to hear
her. Thence to the King's house, upon a wager of

1667. J PEPYS'S DIARY. 169

mine with my wife, that 'there would be no acting
there to-day, there being no company : so I went in,
and found a pretty good company there, and saw their
dance at the end of the play.

17th. This evening Captain Cocke and Sir W.
Batten did come to me, and sat and drank a bottle of
wine, and told me how Sir "W. Pen hath got an order
for the Flying Greyhound for himself, which is so
false a thing, and the part of a knave, as nothing
almost can be more. This vexed me, but I resolved to
bring it before the Duke, and try a pull for it.

18th. I walked in the Exchange, which is now made
pretty, by having windows and doors before all their
shops to keep out the cold.

19th. Comes my cousin, Kate Joyce, and an aunt of
ours, Lettice, formerly Haynes, and now Hewlett,
come to town to see her friends, and also Sarah Kite,
with her little boy in her arms. The child I like very
well, and could wish it my own. My wife being all
unready, did not appear. I made as much of them as
I could such ordinary company ; and yet my heart
was glad to see them, though their condition was a
little below my present state to be familiar with. She
tells me how the lifeguard, which we thought a little
while since was sent down into the country about some
insurrection, was sent to Winchcombe, to spoil the
tobacco there, which it seems the people there do plant
contrary to law, and have always done, and still been

170 PEPYS'S DIABY. [September,

under force and danger of having it spoiled, as it hath
been oftentimes, and yet they will continue to plant
it. The place, she says, is a miserable poor place.

20th. I out to pay some debts : among others to the
tavern at the end of Billiter Lane, where my design
was to see the pretty mistress of the house, which I did,
and indeed is, as I always thought, one of the modestest,
prettiest, plain women that ever I saw. By coach
to the King's playhouse, and there saw The, Mad
Couple, my wife having been at the same play with
Jane, in the 18d. seat.

21st. The King, Duke of York, and the men of the
Court, have been these four or five days a-hunting at

22nd. (Lord's Day.) At noon comes Mr. Sheres,
whom I find a good, ingenious man, but do talk a little
too much of his travels. He left my Lord Sandwich
well, but in pain to be at home for want of money,
which comes very hardly. I have indulged myself
more in pleasure for these last two months than evei
I did in my life before, since I came to be a person
concerned in business ; and I doubt, when I come to
make up my accounts, I shall find it so by the expense.

23rd. To "Westminster, and there, among other things,
bought the examinations of the businesses about the Fire
of London, which is a book that Mrs. Pierce tells me
hath been commanded to be burnt. The examinations
indeed are very plain. At my Lord Ashley's, by

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 171

invitation, to dine there ; at table it is worth remember
ing that my lord tells us that the House of Lords i
the last appeal that a man can make, upon a point o
interpretation of the law, and that therein they ar
above the judges ; and that he did assert this in the
Lords' House upon the late occasion of the quarrel
between my Lord Bristol and the Chancellor, when
the former did accuse the latter of treason, and the
judges did bring it in not to be treason; my Lord
Ashley did declare that the judgment of the judges was
nothing in the presence of their Lordships, but only as
far as they were the properest men to bring precedents ;
but not to interpret the law to their Lordships, but only
the inducements of their persuasions : and this the
Lords did concur in. Another pretty thing was my
Lady Ashley's speaking of the bad qualities of glass
coaches; among others, the flying open of the doors
upon any great shake : but another was, that my Lady
Peterborough being in her glass coach, with the glass
up, and seeing a lady pass by in a coach whom she
would salute, the glass was so clear, that she thought
it had been open, and so ran her head through the
glass ! We were put into my Lord's room before he
could come to us, and there had opportunity to look over
his state of his accounts of the prizes ; and there saw
how bountiful the King hath been to several people :
and hardly any man almost, Commander of the Navy
of any note, but hath had some reward or other out of

172 PEPYS'S DIARY. [September,

them ; and many sums to the Privy purse, but not so
many, I see, as I thought there had been : but we could
not look quite through it. But several Bed-chamber-
men and people about the Court had good sums ; and,
among others, Sir John Minnes and Lord Brouncker
have 200 a-piece for looking to the East India prizes,
while I did their work for them. By-and-by my Lord
came, and we did look over Teabsly's business a little ;
and I find how prettily this cunning lord can be partial
and dissemble it in this case, being privy to the bribe
he is to receive. With Sir H. Cholmly to West-
minster : who by the way told me how merry the King
and Duke of York and Court were the other day, when
they were abroad a-huntmg. They came to Sir G-.
Carteret's house at Cranbourne, and there were enter-
tained, and all made drunk; and all being drunk,
Armorer did come to the King, and swore to him :
" By God, sir," says he, " you are not so kind to the
Duke of York of late as you used to be." " Not I?"
says the King. " Why so p " " Why," says he, " if
you are, let us drink his health." " Why, let us," says
the King. Then he fell on his knees, and drank it ;
and having done, the King began to drink it. " Nay,
sir," says Annerer; "you must do it on your
knees ! " So he did, and then all the company : and
having done it, all fell a-crying for joy, being all
maudlin and kissing one another, the King the Duke
of York, and the Duke of York the King : and in such

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 173

a maudlin pickle as never people were : and so passed
the day. But Sir H. Cholmly tells me that the King
hath this good luck, that the next day he hates to have
anybody mention what he had done the day before,
nor will suffer anybody to gain upon him that way ;
which is a good quality. By-and-by comes Captain
Cocke about business ; who tells me that Mr. Brouncker
is lost for ever, notwithstanding my Lord Brouncker
hath advised with him, Cocke, how he might make a
peace with the Duke of York and Chancellor, upon
promise of serving him in the Parliament : but Cocke
says that is base to offer, and will have no success there.
He says that Mr. Wren hath refused a present of Tom
Wilson's for his place of Storekeeper at Chatham, and
is resolved never to take anything ; which is both wise
in him, and good to the King's service.

24th. To the office, where all the morning very busy.
Home, where there dined with me Anthony Joyce and
his wife, and Will and his wife, and my aunt Lettice,
that was here the other day, and Sarah Kite, and I had
a good dinner for them, and were as merry as I could
be in that company where W. Joyce is, who is still the
same impertinent fellow that ever he was. After
dinner to St. James's, where we had an audience of
the Duke of York of many things of weight, about
which we stayed till past candle-light, and so Sir W.
Batten and W. Pen and I fain to go in a hackney-
coach all round by London Wall, for fear of cellars.

174 PEPYS'S DIABY. [September,

We tired one coach upon Holborn-Conduit Hill, and
got another, and made it a long journey home. My
wife tells me that W. Batelier hath been here to-day,
and brought with him the pretty girl he speaks of, to
come to serve my wife as a woman, out of the school at
Bow. My wife says she is extraordinary handsome,
and inclines to have her, and I am glad of it at least,
that if we must have one, she should be handsome. But
I shall leave it wholly to my wife, to do what she will

25th. With Sir H. Cholmly, who came to me about
his business to Whitehall : and thither came also my
Lord Brouncker ; and we by-and-by called in, and our
paper read ; and much discourse thereon by Sir G.
Carteret, my Lord Anglesey, Sir W. Coventry, and my
Lord Ashley, and myself : but I could easily discern
that they none of them understood the business ; and
the King at last ended it with saying lazily, " Why,"
says he, " after all this discourse, 1 now come to under-
stand it ; and that is, that there can nothing be done
in this more than is possible," which was so silly as I
never heard : " and therefore," says he, " I would have
these gentlemen do as much as possible to hasten the
Treasurer's accounts ; and that is all." And so we
broke up : and I confess I went away ashamed, to see
how slightly things are advised upon there. Here I
saw the Duke of Buckingham sit in Council again,
where he was re-admitted, it seems, the last Council

166?.] fcEPYS's DTAK'r. 175

day ; and it is wonderful to see how this man is come
again to his places, all of them, after the reproach and
disgrace done him : so that things are done in a most
foolish manner quite through. The Duke of Bucking-

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