Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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the Treasury, where I had a hearing, but can get but
6,000 for the pay of the garrison, in lieu of above
16,000 : and this Alderman Backewell gets remitted



56 PEPYS'S DIARY. [November,

there, aud I am glad of it. Thence by coach took np
my wife and girl, and so home, and set down Creed at
Arnudel House, going to the Royal Society, whither I
would be glad to go, but cannot. Thence home, and to
the office, where about my letters, and so home to
supper and to bed, my eyes being bad again ; and by
this means, the nights, now-a-days, do become very
long to me, longer than I can sleep out.

15th. To Westminster, and do hear that there is to
be a conference between the two Houses to-day, so I
stayed : and it was only to tell the Commons that the
Lords cannot agree to the confining or sequestering of
the Earl of Clarendon from the Parliament, forasmuch
as they do not specify any particular crime which they
lay upon him and call treason. This the House did
receive, and so parted : at which, I hear, the Commons
are like to grow very high, and will insist upon their
privileges, and the Lords will own theirs, though the
Duke of Buckingham, Bristol, and others, have been
very high in the House of Lords to have had him com-
mitted. This is likely to breed ill blood. Home, and
there find, as I expected, Mr. Caesar and little Pelhain
Humphreys, lately returned from France, and is an
absolute Monsieur, as full of form, and confidence, and
vanity, and disparages everything, and everybody's
skill but his own. But to hear how he laughs at all
the King's music here, as Blagrave and others, that
they cannot keep time nor tune, nor understand any-



1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 57

thing ; and that G-rebus, the Frenchman, the King's
master of the music, how he understands nothing, nor
can play on any instrument, and so cannot compose : and
that he will give him a lift out of his place, and that he
and the King are mighty great ! The King hath, as Mr.
Moore says Sir Thomas Crewe told him, been heard to
say that the quarrel is not between my Lord Chancellor
and him, but his brother and him ; which will make
sad work among us if that be once promoted, as to be
sure it will, Buckingham and Bristol being now the
only counsel the King follows, so as Arlington and
Coventry are come to signify little. He tells me they
are likely to fall upon my Lord Sandwich ; but, for my
part, sometimes I am apt to think they cannot do him
much harm, he telling me that there is no great fear of
the business of resumption. This day, Poundy, the
waterman, was with me, to let me know that he was
summoned to bear witness against me to Prince
Rupert's people, who have a commission to look after
the business of prize-goods, about the business of the
prize-goods I was concerned in : but I did desire him
to speak all he knew, and not to spare me, nor did
promise nor give him anything, but sent him away with
good words.

16th. To Whitehall, where there is to be a perform-
ance of music of Pelham's before the King. The
company not come ; but I did go into the music-room,
where Captain Cocke and many others ; and here I did



58 PEPYS'S DIAEY. [November,

hear the best and the smallest organ go that ever I saw
in my life, and such a one as, by the grace of God, I
will have the next year, if I continue in this condition,
whatever it cost me. Met Mr. Gregory, my old ac-
quaintance, an understanding gentleman ; and he and I
walked an hour together, talking of the bad prospect
of the times ; and the sum of what I learn from him is
this : That the King is the most concerned in the
world against the Chancellor, and all people that do
not appear against him, and therefore is angry with the
bishops, having said that he had one bishop on his
side, Crofts, and but one : that Buckingham and Bristol
are now his only Cabinet Council : and that, before the
Duke of York fell sick, Buckingham was admitted to
the King of his Cabinet, and there stayed with him
several hours, and the Duke of York shut out. That
it is plain that there is dislike between the King and
the Duke of York, and that it is to be feared that the
House will go so far against the Chancellor that they
must do something to undo the Duke of York, or will
not think themselves safe. That this Lord Yaughan
that is so great against the Chancellor, is one of the
lewdest fellows of the age, worse than Sir Charles
Sedley ; and that he was heard to swear he would do
my Lord Clarendon's business. That he do find that
my Lord Clarendon hath more friends in both Houses
than he believes he would have, by reason that they do
see what are the hands that pull him down, which they



1667.J JPEPTS'S DIABr. 59

do not like. That Harry Coventry was scolded at by
the King severely the other day ; and that his answer
was that, if he must not speak what he thought in
this business in Parliament he must not come thither.
And he says that by this very business Harry Coventry
hath got more fame and common esteem than any
gentleman in England hath at this day, and is an ex-
cellent and able person. That the King, who not long
ago did say of Bristol, that he was a man able in three
years to get himself a fortune in any kingdom in the
world, and lose all again in three months, do now hug
him, and commend his parts everywhere, above all the
world. How fickle is this man [the King], and how
unhappy we like to be ! That he fears some furious
courses will be taken against the Duke of York ; and
that he hath heard that it was designed, if they cannot
carry matters against the Chancellor, to impeach the
Duke of York himself, which God forbid ! That Sir
Edward Nicholas, whom he served while Secretary, is
one of the best men in the world, but hated by the
Queen-mother, for a service he did the old king against
her mind and her favourites ; and that she and my
Lady Castlemaine did make the King to lay him aside :
but this man says that he is one of the most heavenly
and charitable men in the whole world. That the
House of Commons resolve to stand by their proceed-
ings, and have chosen a Committee to draw up the
reasons thereof to carry to the Lords, which is likely to



60 PEPYS'S DIABY. [November,

breed great heat between them. That the Parliament,
after all this, is likely to give the King no money;
and therefore that it is to be wondered what makes the
King give way to so great extravagances, which do all
tend to the making him less than he is, and so will,
every day more and more ; and by this means every
creature is divided against the other, that there never
was so great an uncertainty in England, of what would
be the event of things, as at this day : nobody being at
ease or safe. To Whitehall ; and there got into the
theatre-room, and there heard both the vocal and in-
strumental music, w^iere the little fellow stood keeping
time ; but for my part, I see no great matter, but quite
the contrary in both sorts of music. Here was the
King and Queen, and some of the ladies ; among whom
none more jolly than my Lady Buckingham, her Lord
being once more a great man.

17th. (Lord's day.) Comes Captain Cocke, who sat
with me all the evening. He tells me that he hears
that Sir "W. Coventry was, a little before the Duke of
York fell sick, with the Duke of York in his closet,
and fell on his knees, and begged his pardon for what
he hath done to my Lord Chancellor ; but this I dare
not soon believe. But he tells me another thing, which
he says he had from the person himself who spoke with
the Duke of Buckingham, who, he says, is a very sober
and worthy man, that he did lately speak with the
Duke of Buckingham about his greatness now with the



1667. J PEPTS'S DIABT. 61

King, and told him : " But, sir, these things that the
King do now, in suffering the Parliament to do all
this, you know are not fit for the King to suffer, and
you know how often you have said to me that the King
was a weak man, and unable to govern, but to be
governed, and that you could command him as you
listed ; why do you suffer him to go on in these
things ? " " Why," says the Duke of Buckingham, " I
do suffer him to do this, that I may hereafter the better
command him." He told me of one odd passage by
the Duke of Albemarle, speaking how hasty a man He
is, and how for certain he would have killed Sir W.
Coventry, had he met him in a little time after his
showing his letter in the House. He told me that a
certain lady, whom he knows, did tell him that, she
being certainly informed that some of the Duke of
Albeinarle's family did say that the Earl of Torring-
ton was a bastard, [she] did think herself concerned to
tell tlio Duke of Albemarle of it, and did first tell the
Duchess, and was going to tell the old man, when the
Duchess pulled her back by the sleeve, and hindered
her, swearing to her that if he should hear it he would
certainly kill the servant that should be found to have
said it, and therefore prayed her to hold her peace.

18th. To Whitehall, to the Commissioners of the
Treasury, and so home, leaving multitudes of solici-
tors at their door, of one sort or other, complaining
for want of such dispatch as they had in my Lord



62 FEPYS'S DIAET. [November,

Treasurer's time. Among others, there was G-resham
College come, about getting a grant of Chelsea Col-
lege for their Society, which the King, it seems, hath
given them his right in ; but they met with some other
pretences, I think, to it, besides the King's.

19th. To the Committee, and Sir B. Brookes did take
me alone, and pray me to prevent their trouble, by dis-
covering the order he would have. I told him I would
suppress none, nor could, but this would not satisfy
him. Here I did stand by unseen, and did hear their
impertinent yet malicious examinations of some rogues
about the business of Bergen, wherein they would
wind in something against my Lord Sandwich, which
was plain by their manner of examining, as Sir Thomas
Crewe did afterwards observe to me. But Sir Thomas
Crewe and W. Hewer did tell me that they did hear
Captain Downing give a cruel testimony against my
Lord Brouncker for his neglect, and doing nothing in
the time of straits at Chatham when he was spoke to,
and did tell the Committee that he, Downing, did
presently after, in Lord Brouncker's hearing, tell the
Duke of Albemarle, that if he might advise the King,
he should hang both my Lord Brouncker and Pett.
This is very hard. This night I wrote to my father,
in answer to a new match which is proposed, the
executor of Ensum, my sister's former servant, for my
sister, that I will continue my mind of giving her 500,
if he likes of the match. My father did also this week,



1667.] FEPYS'S DIABT. 63

by Shepley, return me up a guinea, which, it seems,
upon searching the ground, they have found since I was
there. I was tcld this day that Lord Hide, second son
of my Lord Chancellor, did some time since in the
House say, that if he thought his father was guilty but
of one of the things then said against him, he would be
the first that should call for judgment against him ;
which Mr. Waller, the poet, did say was spoken like the
old Roman, Brutus, for its greatness and worthiness.

20th. This afternoon Mr. Mills told me how fully
satisfactory my first Report was to the House in the
biisiness of Chatham, which I am glad to hear; and
the more, for that I know that he is a great creature of
Sir R. Brookes's.

21st. My wife not very well, but is to go to Mr.
Mill's child's christening, where she is godmother.
Among other things of news, I do hear, that upon the
reading of the House of Commons' reasons of the
manner of their proceedings in the business of my
Lord Chancellor, the reasons were so bad, that my
Lord Bristol himself did declare that he would not
stand to what he had, and did still advise the Lords
to concur to, upon any of the reasons of the House of
Commons ; but if it was put to the question whether
it should be done on their reasons, he would be against
them ; and, indeed, it seems the reasons however they
come to escape the House of Commons, which shows
bow slightly the greatest matters are done in this



64 PEPYS'S DIABY. [November,

world, and even in Parliaments were none of them of
strength, bnt the principle of them untrue ; they saying,
that where any man is brought before a judge, accused
of treason in general, without specifying the particular,
the judge is obliged to commit him. The question
being put by the Lords to my Lord Keeper, he said
that quite the contrary was true : and then in the
Sixth Article (I will get a copy of them if I can) there
are two or three things strangely asserted to the di-
minishing of the King's power, as is said, at least ;
things that heretofore would not have been heard of.
But then the question being put among the Lords, as
my Lord Bristol advised, whether, upon the whole
matter and reasons that had been laid before them, they
would commit my Lord Clarendon, it was carried five
to one against it ; there being but three bishops against
him, of whom Cosens and Dr. Reynolds were two, and
I know not the third. This made the opposite Lords,
as Bristol and Buckingham, so mad, that they declared
and protested against it, speaking very broad that
there was mutiny and rebellion in the hearts of the
Lords, and that they desired they might enter their
dissents, which they did do in great fury. So that upon
the Lords sending to the Commons, as I am told, to
have a conference for them to give their answer to the
Commons' reasons, the Commons did desire a free
conference ; but the Lords do deny it ; and the reason
is, that they hold not the Commons any Court, but



1667.J PEPYS'S DIAKY. 65

that themselves only are a Court, and the Chief Court
of Judicature, and therefore are not to dispute the
laws and method of their own Court with them that
are none, and so will not submit so much as to
have their power disputed. And it is conceived that
much of this eagerness among the Lords do arise
from the fear some of them have that they may
be dealt with in the same manner themselves, and
therefore do stand upon it now. It [seems my Lord
Clarendon hath, it is said and believed, had his horses
several times in his coach, ready to carry him to the
Tower, expecting a message to that purpose ; but by
this means his case is like to be laid by. With Creed
to a tavern, where Dean Wilkins and others : and good
discourse ; among the rest, of a man that is a little
frantic, that hath been a kind of minister, Dr. "Wilkins
saying that he hath read for him in his church, that he
is a poor and debauched man, that the College have hired
for 20s. to have some of the blood of a sheep let into
his body, and it is to be done on Saturday next. They
propose to let in about twelve ounces ; which, they com-
pute, is what will be let in in a minute's time by a
watch. On this occasion, Dr. Whistler told a pretty
story related by Muffret, a good author, ot ! Dr. Caius,
that built Caius College ; that, being very old, and
living only at that time upon woman's milk, he, while he
fed upon the milk of an angry, fretful woman, was so
himself ; and then being advised to take it of a good-



66 PEPYS'S DIARY. [November,

natured, patient woman, he did become so, beyond the
common temper of his age. Their discourse was very
fine ; and if I should be put out of my office, I do take
great content in the liberty I shall be at of frequenting
these gentlemen's company. Home, and there my wife
tells me great stories of the gossiping women of the
parish what this, and what that woman was ; and
among the rest, how Mrs. Hollworthy is the veriest
confident bragging gossip of them all, which I should
not have believed ; but that Sir R. Brookes, her part-
ner, was mighty civil to her, and taken with her and
what not. Inventing a cipher to put on a piece of
plate, which I must give, better than ordinary, to the
parson's child.

22nd. Met with Cooling, my Lord Chamberlain's
secretary, and from him do learn the truth of all I
heard last night; and understand further, that this
stiffness of the Lords is in no manner of kindness to
my Lord hancellor, for he neither hath, nor do, nor
for the future can oblige any of them, but rather the
contrary ; but that they do fear what the consequence
may be to themselves should they yield in his case,
as many of them have reason. And more, he showed
me how this is rather to the wrong and prejudice of
my Lord Chancellor ; for that it is better for him to
come to be tried before the Lords, where he can have
right and make interest, than, when the Parlia-
ment is up, be committed by the King, and tried



1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 67

by a Court on purpose made by the King, of what
Lords the King pleases, who have a mind to have his
head. So that my Lord Cornbury himself, his son, he
tells me, hath moved, that if they have treason against
my Lord of Clarendon, that they would specify it and
send it up to the Lords, that he might come to his
trial : so full of intrigues this business is ! "Walked
a good while in the Temple church, observing the
plainness of Selden's tomb, and how much better one
of his executors hath, who is buried by him.

23rd. Busy till late preparing things to fortify
myself and fellows against the Parliament ; and par-
ticularly myself against what I fear is thought, that I
have suppressed the order of the Board by which the
discharging the great ships at Chatham by tickets was
directed, whereas, indeed, there was no such order.

24th. (Lord's day.) For want of my other clerks .
sent to Mr. Gibbs, whom I never used till now, for
the writing over of my little pocket contract-book ;
and there I laboured till nine at night with him, in
drawing up the history of all that hath passed con-
cerning tickets, in order to the laying the whole,
and clearing myself and Office before Sir R. Brookes ;
and in this I took great pains, and then sent him away,
and proceeded, and had W. Hewer come to me, and
he and I till past twelve at night in the office, and he,
which was a good service, did so inform me in the
consequences of writing this report, and that what I



68 PEPYS'S DIAEY. [November,

said would not hold water, in denying this Board to
have ever ordered the discharging out of the service
whole ships by ticket, that I did alter my whole
counsel, and fall to arm myself with good reasons to
justify the Office in so doing, which hath been but
rare. Having done this, I went with great quiet in
my mind, home, though vexed that so honest a business
should bring me so much trouble; but mightily was
pleased to find myself put out of my former design ;
and so after supper to bed.

25th. This morning Sir W. Pen tells me that the
House was very hot on Saturday last upon the business
of liberty of speech in the House, and damned the
vote in the beginning of the Long Parliament against
it : so that he fears that there may be some bad thing
which they have a mind to broach, which they dare
not do without more security than they now have.
God keep us, for things look mighty ill !

26th. By coach as far as the Temple, and there saw
a new book, in folio, of all that suffered for the King
in the late times, which I will buy. At my gold-
smith's, bought a basin for my wife to give the
parson's child, to which the other day she was god-
mother. It cost me 10 14s. besides graving, which I
do with the cypher of the name, Daniel Mills. After
dinner come to me Mr. Warren, and there did tell me
that he come to pay his debt to me for the kindness
I did him in getting his last ship out, which I must



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARST. 69

also remember was a service to the King, though 1
did not tell him so. He would present me with sixty
pieces of gold. I told him I would demand nothing
of his promises, though they were much greater, nor
would have thus much, but if he could but afford to
give me but fifty pieces, it should suffice me. So now
he brought something in a paper, which since proves
to be fifty pieces. This evening comes to me to my
closet at the office Sir John Chichly, of his own accord,
to tell what he shall answer to the Committee, when,
as he expects, he shall be examined about my Lord
Sandwich ; which is so little as will not hurt my Lord
at all, I know.

27th. Mr. Pierce comes to me, and there, in general,
tells me how the King is not fallen in and become a
slave to the Duke of Buckingham, led by none but
him, whom he, Mr. Pierce, swears he knows do hate
the very person of the King, and would, as well as
will, certainly ruin him. He do say, and I think is
right, that the King do in this do the most ungrateful
part of a master to a servant that ever was done, in
this carriage of his to my Lord Chancellor : that, it
may be, the Chancellor may hav faults, but none such
as these they speak of ; that he do now really fear that
all is going to ruin, for he says that he hears Sir W.
Coventry hath been just before his sickness, with the
Duke of York, to ask his forgiveness and peace for
what he had done ; for that he never could foresee



70 PEPYS'S DIARY. [November,

that what he meant so well, in the councilling to lay
by, the Chancellor, should come to this.

28th. To the King's playhouse and there sat by my
wife, and saw The Mistaken Beauty, which I never,
I think, saw before, though an old play ; and there is
much in it that I like, though the name is but improper
to it at least that name, it being also called The Liar,
which is proper enough.

29th. Waked about seven o'clock this morning with a
noise I supposed I heard near our chamber, of knocking,
which, by-and-by increased : and I more awake could
distinguish it better. I then waked my wife, and
both of us wondered at it, and lay so great a while,
while that increased, and at last heard it plainer,
knocking, as if it were breaking down a window for
people to get out; and then removing of stools and
chairs ; and plainly, by-and-by, going up and down
our stairs. We lay, both of us, afraid ; yet I would
have rose, but my wife would not let me. Besides, I
could not do it without making noise; and we did
both conclude that thieves were in the house, but
wondered what our people did, whom we thought
either killed, or afraid, as we were. Thus we lay till
the clock struck eight, and high day. At last I
removed my gown and slippers safely to the other side
of the bed over my wife; and there safely rose, and
put on my gown and breeches, and then, with a fire-
brand in my hand, safely opened the door, and saw



1667.] PEPYS'S DIAET. 71

nor heard anything. Then, with fear, I confess, went
to the maid's chamber-door, and all quiet and safe.
Called Jane up and went down safely, and opened my
chamber-door, where all well. Then more freely
about, and to the kitchen, where the cook-maid up, and
all safe. So up again, and when Jane come, and we
demanded whether she heard no noise, she said, " Yes,
but was afraid," but rose with the other maid and
found nothing ; but heard a noise in the great stack of
chimneys that goes from Sir J. Minnes through our
house ; and so we sent, and their chimneys have been
swept this morning, and the noise was that, and
nothing else. It is one of the most extraordinary
accidents in my life, and gives ground to think of
Don Quixote's adventures how people may be sur-
prised, and the more from an accident last night, that
our young gib-cat did leap down our stairs from top
to bottom at two leaps, and frightened us, that we
could not tell whether it was the cat or a spirit, and
do sometimes think this morning that the house might
be haunted.

30th. To Arundel House, to the election of officers
for the next year ; where I was near being chosen of
the Council, but am glad I was not, for I could not
have attended, though, above all things, I could wish it ;
and do take it as a mighty respect to have been named
there. Then to Gary House, a house now of enter-
tainment, next my Lady Ashly's ; where I have here-



72 PEPYS'S DIARY. [December,

tofore heard Common Prayer in the time of Dr.
Mossnm. I was pleased to see the person who had his
blood taken out. He speaks well, and did thus give
the Society a relation thereof in Latin, saying that he
finds himself much better since, and as a new man,
but he is cracked a little in his head, though he speaks
very reasonably and very well. He had but 20s. for
his suffering it, and is to have the same again tried
upon him : the first sound man that ever had it tried
on him in England, and but one that we hear of in
France. My Lord Anglesey told me this day that he
did believe the House of Commons would the next


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Online LibrarySamuel PepysThe diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) → online text (page 15 of 23)