Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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and this, which I do do, I hope to secure out of the
plate, which was delivered into my custody of my
Lord's, which I did get Mr. Stokes, the goldsmith, last
night to weigh at my house, and there is enough to
secure 100.

19th. To the office, where Commissioner Middletou
first took his place at the Board as Surveyor of the
Navy ; and indeed I think will be an excellent officer,
I am sure much beyond what his predecessor was.
"With Sir "W. Pen in his coach to Guildhall, to speak
with Sheriff Gauden I only for company ; and did
here look up and down this place, where I have not
been before since the fire ; and I see that the city are
got on apace in the building of Guildhall. This
evening, the King by message, which he never did
before, hath passed several bills, among others that for
the Accounts, and for banishing my Lord Chancellor ;
and hath adjourned the House to February ; at which
I am glad, hoping in this time to get leisure to state
my Tangier Accounts, and to prepare better for the
Parliament's inquiries. Here I hear how the House
of Lords, with great severity, if not tyranny, have pro-
ceeded against poor Carr, who only erred in the manner
of the presenting his petition against my Lord Gerard,
it being first printed before it was presented ; which
was, it seems, by Colonel Sands's going into the country
into whose hands he had put it ; the poor man is ordered
to stand in the pillory two or three times, and to have

90 PEPYS'S DIABY. [December,

his ears cut, and be imprisoned I know not how long.
But it is believed that the Commons, when they meet,
will not be well pleased with it; and they have no
reason, I think.

20th. To Sir W. Pen's with Sir R. Ford, and there
was Sir D. Gauden, and there we only talked of sundry
things ; and I have found of late, by discourse, that the
present sort of government is looked upon as a sort of
government that we never had yet that is to say, a
King and House of Commons against the House of
Lords ; for so indeed it is, though neither of the two
first care a fig for one another, nor the third for them
both, only the Bishops are afraid of losing ground, as I
believe they will. So home to my poor wife, who is in
mighty pain, and her face miserably swelled ; so as I
was frightened to see it.

21st. The Nonconformists are mighty high, and
their meetings frequented and connived at ; and they
do expect to have their day now soon ; for my Lord o
Buckingham is a declared friend to them, and eVen to
the Quakers, who had very good words the other day
from the King himself ; and, what is more, the Arch-
bishop of Canterbury is called no more to the Cabal,
nor, by the way, Sir W. Coventry ; which I am sorry
for, the Cabal at present being, as he says, the King,
and the Duke of Buckingham, and Lord Keeper, the
Duke of Albemarle, and Privy Seal. The Bishops
differing from the King in the late business in the

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 91

House of Lords, have caused this and what is likely
to follow, for everybody is encouraged now-a-days to
speak, and even to preach, as I have heard one of them,
as bad things against them as ever in the year 1640 ;
which is a strange change. Home to sit with my wife,
who is a little better, and her cheek assuaged. I read
to her out of "The History of Algiers," which is
mighty pretty reading, and did discourse alone about
my sister Pall's match, which is now on foot with one
Jackson, another nephew of Mr. Phillips' s, to whom he
hath left his estate.

22nd. (Lord's day.) Up, and my wife, poor wretch,
still in pain.

23rd. To the Commissioners of the Treasury, and
there I had a dispute before them with Sir Stephen Fox
about our orders for money, who is very angry, but I
value it not. But, Lord ! to see with what folly my
Lord Albemarle do speak in this business would make
a man wonder at the good fortune of such a fool. I to
the Exchange, and there I saw Carr stand in the pillory
for the business of my Lord Gerard, which is supposed
will make a hot business in the House of Commons,
when they shall come to sit again, the Lords having
ordered this with great injustice, as all people think,
his only fault being his printing his petition before, by
accident, his petition be read in the House. I hear by
Creed that the Bishops of Winchester and of Rochester,
and the Dean of the Chapel, and some other great

92 PEPYS'S DIARY. [Decemoer,

prelates, are suspended : and a cloud upon the Arch-
bishop ever since the late business in the House of
Lords; and I believe it will be a heavy blow to the
clergy. I bought a sermon of Dr. Lloyd's, as well
written and as good, against the Church of Rome, as
ever I read ; but, Lord ! how Hollier, poor man, was
taken with it. This day, at the 'Change, Creed showed
me Mr. Colemau, of whom my wife hath so good an
opinion ; and says he is as very a rogue for women as
any in the world : which did disquiet me, like a fool,
and run in my mind a great while.

24th. By coach to St. James's, it being about six at
night : my design being to see the ceremonies, this
night being the eve of Christmas, at the Queen's
chapel. I got in almost up to the rail, and with a
great deal of patience stayed from nine at night to
two in the morning, in a very great crowd ; and there
expected, but found nothing extraordinary, there being
nothing but a high mass. The Queen was there and
some ladies. But, Lord ! what an odd thing it was
for me to be in a crowd of people, here a footman,
there a beggar, here a fine lady, there a zealous poor
papist, and here a Protestant, two or three together,
come to see the show. I was afraid of my pocket
being picked very much : but all things very rich
and beautiful ; and I see the papists have the wit, most
of them, to bring cushions to kneel on, which I wanted,
and was mighty troubled to kneel. All being done,

1667.] PEPYS'8 DIABY. 93

I was sorry for my coming, and missing of what I
expected; which was to have had a child born and
dressed there, and a great deal of do : but we broke
up, and nothing like it done : and there I left people
receiving the Sacrament : and the Queen gone, and
ladies, only my Lady Castlemaine, who looked prettily
in her night-clothes. So took my coach, which
waited, and through Covent Garden, to set down two
gentlemen and a lady, who came thither to see also,
and did make mighty mirth in their talk of the folly
of this religion. Drank some burnt wine at the Rose
Tavern door, while the constables came, and two or
three bellmen went by.

25th. Being a fine, light, moonshine morning, home
round the city, and stopped and dropped money at five
or six places, which I was the willinger to do, it being
Christmas-day, and so home, and there find my wife in
bed, and Jane and the maid making pies. So I to
bed. Rose about nine, and to church, and there heard
a dull sermon of Mr. Mills, but a great many fine
people at church ; and so home. Wife and girl and I
alone at dinner a good Christmas dinner. My wife
reading to me " The History of the Drummer of Mr.
Mompesson," which is a strange story of spies, and
worth reading indeed. In the evening comes Mr.
Felling, and he sat and supped with us ; and very good
company, he reciting to us many copies of good verses
of Dr. Wilde's, who wrote '' Iter Boreale "

94 PEPYS'S DIABT. (December,

26th. To the " Swan," and by chance met Mr. Spicer
and another 'Chequer clerk, and there made them
drink. At my bookseller's, and there bought Mr.
Harrington's work, " Oceana," &c., and two oilier
books, which cost me 4. Home, and there eat a bit,
and then with iny wife to the King's playhouse, and
there saw The Surprizall ; which did not please me
to-day, the actors not pleasing me; and especially
Nell's acting of a serious part, which she spoils. I
hear this day that Mrs. Stewart do at this day keep a
great court at Somerset House with her husband the
Duke of Richmond, she being visited for her beauty's
sake by people, as the Queen is, at nights ; and they
say also that sne is likely to go to Court again, and
there put my Lady Castlemaine's nose out of joint.

27th. A Committee of Tangier met : the Duke of
York there ; and there I did discourse over to them
their condition as to money, which they were all
mightily, as I could desire, satisfied with, but the Duke
of Albemarle, who takes the part of the Guards
against us in our supplies of money, which is an odd
consideration for a dull, heavy blockhead as he is,
understanding no more of either than a goose : but the
ability and integrity of Sir W. Coventry, in all the
King's concernments, I do and must admire. After
the Committee, Sir W. Coventry told me how some of
his enemies at the Duke of York's had got the Duke
of York's commission for the Commissioners of his

1667.1 PEPYS'S DIARY. 95

estate changed, and he and Brouncker and Povy left
out : that this they did do to disgrace him, and im-
poses upon him at this time ; but that he, though he
values not the thing, did go and tell the Duke of York
what he heard, and that he did not think that he had
given him any reason to do this, out of this belief that
he would not be as faithful and serviceable to him as
the best of those that have got him put out. "Where-
upon the Duke of York did say that it arose only from
his not knowing whether now he would have time to
regard his affairs ; and that, if he should, he would
put him into the commission with his own hand, though
the commission be passed. He answered that he had
been faithful to him, and done him good service
therein; so long as he could attend to it ; and if he had
been able to have attended it more he would not have
enriched himself with such and such estates as my
Lord Chancellor hath got, that did properly belong to
his Royal Highness, as being forfeited to the King,
and so by the King's gift given by the Duke of York.
Hereupon the Duke of York did call for the commis-
sion, and hath since put him in. He tells me that the
business of getting the Duchess of Richmond to Court
is broke off, her husband not suffering it ! and thereby
great trouble is brought among the people that en-
deavoured it, and thought they had compassed it.
And, Lord ! to think that at this time the King should
mind no other cares but these ! He ^ells me that my

96 PEPTS'S DIABY. [December,

Lord of Canterbury is a mighty stout man, and a mail
of a brave, high spirit, and cares not for this disfavour
that he is under at Court, knowing that the King
cannot take away his profits during his life, and there-
fore do not value it.

28th. To the King's house, and there saw The Mad
Couple ; which is but an ordinary play ; but only
Nell's and Hart's mad parts are most excellently done,
but especially her's : which makes it a miracle to me
to think how ill she do any serious part, as the other
day, just like a fool or changeling ; and, in a mad part
do beyond imitation almost. It pleased us mightily
to see the natural affection of a poor woman, the
mother of one of the children brought on the stage :
the child crying, she by force got upon the stage, and
took up her child and carried it away off of the stage
from Hart. Many fine faces here to-day. I am told
to-day, which troubles me, that great complaint is
made upon the 'Change, among our merchants, that
the very Ostend little pickaroon men-of-war do offer
violence to our merchantmen, and search them, beat
our masters, and plunder them, upon pretence of carry-
ing Frenchmen's goods.

29th. (Lord's day.) At night comes Mrs. Turner to
see us : and there, among other talk, she tells me that
Mr. William Pen, who has lately come over from
Ireland, is a Quaker again, or some very melancholy
thing ; that he cares for no company, nor comes into

1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 97

any ; which is a pleasant thing, after his being abroad
so long, and his father such a hypocritical rogue, and
at this time an Atheist.

30th. Sir G. Carteret and I alone did talk of the
ruinous condition we are in, the King being going to
put out of the Council so many able men ; such as my
Lord Anglesey, Ashly, Hollis, Secretary Morrice, to
bring in Mr. Trevor, and the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, and my Lord Bridgewater. He tells me that
this is true, only the Duke of York do endeavour to
hinder it, and the Duke of York did tell him so : that
the King and the Duke of York do not in company
disagree, but are friendly ; but that there is a core in
their hearts, he doubts, which is not to be easily
removed; for these men so suffer only for their
constancy to the Chancellor, or at least from the
King's ill-will against him, that they do now all they
can to vilify the clergy, and do abuse Rochester
[Dolben], and so do raise scandals, all that is possible,
against other of the Bishops. He do suggest that
something is intended for the Duke of Monmouth,
and it may be, against the Queen also ; that we are in
no manner sure against an invasion the next year :
that the Duke of Buckingham do rule all now, and the
Duke of York comes indeed to the Cabal, but signifies
little there. That this new faction do not endure,
nor the King, Sir W. Coventry; but yet that he
is so useful that they cannot be without him ; but

PEPYSS DIABT. [December,

that he is not now called to the Cabal. That my
Lord of Buckingham, Bristol, and Arlington, do seem
to agree in these things ; but that they do not in their
hearts trust one another, but to drive several ways, all
of them. In short, he do bless himself that he is
no more concerned in matters now ; and the hopes he
hath of being at liberty, when his accounts are over,
to retire into the country. That he do give over the
kingdom for wholly lost. Meeting with Mr. Cooling,
I with him by coach to the Wardrobe, where I never
was since the fire in Hatton Garden : and he tells me
that he fears that my Lord Sandwich will suffer much
by Mr. Townsend's being untrue to him, he being now
unable to give the Commissioners of the Treasury
an account of his money received by many thousands
of pounds, which I am troubled for. I met with Mr.
Cooling at the Temple-gate, after I had been at both
my booksellers and there laid out several pounds
in books now against the new year. To Sir G-.
Carteret's in Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, and there did dine
together, there being there, among other company,
Mr. Attorney Montagu, and his fine lady, a fine
woman. After dinner I did understand from my
Lady Jemimah that her brother Hinchingbroke's busi-
ness was to be ended this day, as she thinks, towards
his match, and they do talk here of their intent to
buy themselves some new clothes against the wedding,
which I am very glad of. Thence with Sir Philip

1667.1 PEPYS'S DIARY. 99

Carteret to the King's playhouse, there to see Love's
Cruelty, au old play, but which I have not seen before ;
and in the first act Orange Moll come to me with one
of our porters by my house, to tell me that Mrs.
Pierce and Knipp did dine at my house to-day, and
that I was desired to come home. So I went out
presently, and by coach home, and they were gone
away : so after a very little stay with my wife, I took
coach again, and to the King's playhouse again, and
come in the fourth act : and it proves to me a very
silly play, and to everybody else, as far as I could
judge. But the jest is, that here telling Moll how
I had lost my journey, she told me that Mrs. Knipp
was in the house, and so shows me to her, and I went
to her and sat out the play, and then with her to Mrs.
Manuel's where Mrs. Pierce was, and her boy and
girl ; and here I did hear Mrs. Manuel and one of
the Italians, her gallant, sing well. But yet I con-
fess I am not delighted so much with it as to admire
it ; for not understanding the words, I lose the benefit
of the vocalities of the music, and it proves only
instrumental ; and therefore was more pleased to
hear Knipp sing two or three little English things
that I understood, though the composition of the
other and performance was very fine. Thence to
my bookseller's and paid for the books I had bought,
and away home, where I told my wife where I had
been. But she was as mad as a devil, and nothing

100 PEPTS'S DIARY. [December,

but ill words between us all the evening while we
sat at cards W. Hewer and the girl by even
to gross ill words, which I was troubled for. But
I do see that I must use policy to keep her spirit
down, and to give her no offence by my being with
Knipp and Pierce, of which, though she will not
own it, yet she is heartily jealous. This day I did
carry money out and paid several debts. Among
others, my tailor, and shoemaker, and draper, Sir
W. Turner, who began to talk of the Commission
of Accounts, wherein he is one ; but though they are
the greatest people that ever were in the nation as
to power, and like to be our judges, yet I did never
speak one word to him of desiring favour, or bidding
him joy upon it, but did answer him to what he
said, and do resolve to stand or fall by my silent
preparing to answer whatever can be laid to me,
and that will be my best proceeding, I think. This
day I got a little rent in my new fine camlet cloak
with the latch of Sir Gr. Carteret's door ; but it is
darned up at my tailors, that it will be no great
blemish to it ; but it troubled me. I could not but
observe that Sir Philip Carteret would fain have
given me my going into a play; but yet, when he
came to the door, he had no money to pay for himself,
I having refused to accept of it for myself, but was
fain ; and I perceive he is known there, and do run
upon the score for plays, which is a shame; but

1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 101

I perceive always he is in want of money. In the
pit I met with Sir Chas. North, formerly Mr. North,
who was with my Lord at sea ; and he of his own
accord was so silly as to tell me he is married : and
for her quality (being a Lord's daughter, my Lord
Grey), and person, and beauty, and years, and estate,
and disposition, he is the happiest man in the world.
I am sure he is an ugly fellow, but a good scholar
and sober gentleman : and heir to his father, now
Lord North, the old Lord being dead.

31st. To Whitehall, and there waited a long time,
while the Duke of York was with the King in the
Cabal, and there I and Creed stayed talking in the
Vane-room, and I perceive all people's expectation is,
what will be the issue of this great business of putting
these great Lords out of the council and power, the
quarrel, I perceive, being only their standing against
the will of the King in the business of the Chancellor.
Anon the Duke of York comes out, and then to a
committee of Tangier, where my Lord Middleton did
come to-day, and seems to me but a dull, heavy man ;
but he is a great soldier, and stout, and a needy Lord.
He will still keep that poor garrison from ever coming
to be worth anything to the King. There dined with
me my Uncle Thomas, with a mourning hat-band on,
for his daughter Mary. Captain Ferryman did give
an account, walking in the garden, that there were Irish
in the town, up and down, that do labour to entice the

102 PEPYS'S DIARY. [January.

seamen out of the nation by giving them 3 in hand,
and promise of 40s. per month, to go into the King of
France's service, which is a mighty shame, but yet I
believe is true. I did advise with him about my little
vessel, the Maybolt, which he says will be best for me
to sell, though my employing her to Newcastle this
winter, and the next spring, for coals, will be a gainful
trade, but yet make me great trouble. Thus ends the
year, with great happiness to myself and family as to
health and good condition in the world, blessed be God
for it ! only with great trouble to my mind in reference
to the public, there being but little hopes left but that
the whole nation must in a very little time be lost,
either by troubles at home, the Parliament being dis-
satisfied, and the King led into unsettled councils by
some about him, himself considering little, and divisions
growing between the King and Duke of York ; or else
by foreign invasion, to which we must submit if any,
at this bad point of time, should come upon us, which
the King of France is well able to do. These thoughts
and some cares trouble me, concerning my standing
in this office when the Committee of Parliament shall
come to examine our Navy matters, which they will
now shortly do. I pray God they may do the kingdom
service therein, as they will have sufficient opportunity
of doing it !

January 1st, 1668. Dined with my Lord Orewe,
with whom was Mr. Browne, Clerk of the House of

1668J PEPYS'S DIARY. 103

Lords, and Mr. John Crewe. Here was mighty good
discourse, as there is always : and among other things
my Lord Crewe did turn to a place in the life of Sir
Philip Sidney, wrote by Sir Fulke Greville, which do
foretell the present condition of this nation, in relation
to the Dutch, to the very degree of a prophecy ; and is
so remarkable that I am resolved to buy one of them, it
being quite throughout a good discourse. Here they
did talk much of the present cheapness of corn, even
to a miracle ; so as their farmers can pay no rent, but
do fling up their lands, and would pay in corn : but,
which I did observe to my Lord, and he liked well of
it, our gentry are grown so ignorant in everything of
good husbandry that they know not how to bestow
this corn : which did they understand but a little trade,
they would be able to join together, and know what
markets there are abroad and send it thither, and
thereby ease their tenants and be able to pay themselves.
They did talk much of the disgrace the Archbishop is
fallen under with the King, and the rest of the Bishops
also. Thence I after dinner to the Duke of York's
playhouse, and there saw Sir Martin Mar-all, which I
have seen so often, and yet am mightily pleased with it,
and think it mighty witty, and the fullest of proper
matter for mirth that ever was writ ; and I do clearly
see that they do improve in their acting of it. Here a
mighty company of citizens, 'prentices, and others ; and
it makes me observe, that when I began first to be able

104 PEPYS'S DIARY. [January.

to bestow a play on mysolf , I do not remember that I
saw so many by half of the ordinary 'prentices and
mean people in the pit at 2s. 6d. a-piece as now ; I going
for several years no higher than the 12d. and then the
18d. places, though I strained hard to go in when I
did : so much the vanity and prodigality of the age
is to be observed in this particular. Thence I to
Whitehall, and there walked up and down the house
awhile, and do hear nothing of anything done further
in this business of the change of Privy-counsellors :
only I hear that Sir G. Savile, one of the Parliament
Committee of nine, for examining the accounts, is by
the King made a Lord, the Lord Halifax, which, I
believe, will displease the Parliament. By-and-by I
met with Mr. Brisband ; and having it in my mind this
Christmas to do what I never can remember that I did,
go to see the gaming at the Groom-Porter's, I having
in my coming from the playhouse stepped into the two
Temple-halls, and there saw the dirty 'prentices and
idle people playing ; wherein I was mistaken in think-
ing to have seen gentlemen of quality playing there,
as I think it was when I was a little child, that one of
my father's servants, John Bassum, I think, carried me
in his arms thither. I did tell Brisband of it, and he
did lead me thither, where, after staying an hour, they
began to play at about eight at night, where to see
how differently one man took his losing from another,
one cursing and swearing, and another only muttering

1668.] PEPYS'S DIABT. 105

and grumbling to himself, a third without any apparent
discontent at all : to see how the dice will run good
luck in one hand for half-an-hour together, and another
have no good luck at all : to see how easily here, where
they play nothing but guineas, a 100 is won or lost :
to see two or three gentlemen come in there drunk, and
putting their stock of gold together, one 22 pieces,
the second 4, and the third 5 pieces ; and these two
play one with another, and forget how much each of
them brought, but he that brought the 22 thinks that
he brought no more than the rest : to see the different
humours of gamesters to change their luck, when it is
bad, how ceremonious they are to call for new dice, to
shift their places, to alter their manner of throwing,
and that with great industry, as if there was anything
in it : to see how some old gamesters, that have no
money now to spend as formerly, do come and sit and
look on, and among others, Sir Lewis Dives, who was

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