Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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French are said to make such preparations as fifty sail
will do no good. Mightily pleased with Mr. GHbson'fc
talking; he telling me so many good stories relating
to the war and practices of commanders, which I
will find a time to recollect; and he will be an ad-
mirable help to my writing a history of the Navy, if
ever I do.

17th. Much discourse of the duel yesterday between
the Duke of Buckingham, Holmes, and one Jenkins
on one side, and my Lord of Shrewsbury, Sir John
Talbot, and one Bernard Howard, on the other side :
and all about my Lady Shrewsbury, who is at this
time, and hath for a great while been, a mistress to
the Duke of Buckingham. And so her husband
challenged him, and they met yesterday in a close
near Barne-Elms, and there fought : and my Lord
Shrewsbury is run through the body, from the right
breast through the shoulder: and Sir John Talbot
all along up one of his arms ; and Jenkins killed upon
the place, and the rest all in a little measure wounded.
This will make the world think that the King hath
good councillors about him, when the Duke of Buck-
ingham, the greatest man about him is a fellow of
no more sobriety than to fight about a mistress. And
this may prove a very bad accident to the Duke of
Buckingham, but that my Lady Castlemaine do
rule all at this time as much as ever she did, and
she will, it is believed, keep all matters well with



166a] PEPYS'S DIARY. 123

the Duke of Buckingham : though this is the time
that the King will be very backward, I suppose, to
appear in such a business. And it is pretty to hear
how the King had some notice of this challenge a
week or two ago, and did give it to my Lord General
to confine the Duke, to take security that he should
not do any such thing as fight : and the General
trusted to the King, that he, sending for him would
do it, and the King trusted to the General ; and so
between them both, as everything else of greatest
moment do, do fall between two stools. The whole
House full of nothing but the talk of this business ;
and it is said that my Lord Shrewsbury's case is
to be feared that he may die too ; and that may
make it much worse for the Duke of Buckingham :
and I shall not be much sorry for it, that we may have
some sober man come in his room to assist in the
Government. Creed tells me of Mr. Harry Howard's
giving the Royal Society a piece of ground next to
his house to build a college on, which is a most
generous act. And he tells me he is a very fine
person, and understands and speaks well: and no
rigid Papist neither, but one that would not have a
Protestant servant leave his religion, which he was
going to do, thinking to recommend himself to his
master by it ; saying that he had rather have an honest
Protestant than a knavish Catholic. I was not called
into the Council ; and therefore home, first informing



124 PEPYSS DIARY. [January,

myself that my Lord Hinchingbroke hath been
married this week to my Lord Burlington's daughter ;
so that, that great business is over ; and I am mighty
glad of it, though I am not satisfied that I have not a
favour sent me, as I see Attorney Montagu and the
Vice-Chamberlain have.

18th. To the 'Change where I bought " The Maiden
Queen," a play newly printed, which I like at the
King's house so well, of Mr. Dry den's, which he him-
self, in his preface seems to brag of, and indeed is a
good play.

19th. (Lord's day.) To Bedriffe, and so walked to
Deptford, where I sent for Shish out of the church,
to advise about my vessel, The Maybolt, and I do
resolve to sell presently, for anything rather than
keep her longer, having already lost 100 in her
value, which I was once offered and refused, and the
ship left without anybody to look to her, which vexes
me. Mr. Felling tei\s me that my Lord Shrewsbury
is likely to do well. Mr. Jessop is made Secretary to
the Commissions of Parliament for Accounts ; and I
am glad, and it is pretty to see that all the Cavalier
party were not able to find the Parliament nine Com-
missioners, or one Secretary, fit for the business.

20th. To Drumbleby's, the pipe-maker, there to
advise about the making of a flageolet to go low and
soft ; and he do show me a way which do do, and also
a fashion of having two pipes of the same note



1668.] PEPTS'S DIARY. 125

fastened together, so as I can play on one and then
echo it upon the other, which is mighty pretty. So to
my Lord Crewe's to dinner, where we hear all the
good news of our making a league now with Holland
against the French power coming over them, or us :
which is the first good act that the King hath done a
great while, and hath done secretly and with great
seeming wisdom ; and is certainly good for us at this
time, while we are in no condition to resist the French
if they should come over hither ; and then a little time
of peace will give us time to lay up something which
these Commissioners of the Treasury are doing ; and
the world do begin to see that they will do the King's
work for him if he will let them. Here dined Mr.
Case, the minister, who, Lord ! do talk just as I
remember he used to preach, and did tell us a pretty
story of a religious lady, Queen of Navarre ; and my
Lord also told a good story of Mr. Newman, the mini-
ster in New England, who wrote the " Concordance,"
of his foretelling his death and preaching a funeral
sermon, and at last bid the angels do their office, and
died. It seems there is great presumption that there
will be a Toleration granted, so that the Presby-
terians do hold up their heads; but they will hardly
trust the King or the Parliament what to yield them,
though most of the sober party be for some kind
of allowance to be given them. Lord Gerard ia
likely to meet with ill, the next sitting of Parliament,



126 PEPYS'S DIAKY. [January,

about Carr being set in the pillory, and I am glad
of it ; and it is mighty acceptable to the world to hear
that among other reductions, the King do reduce his
Guards, which do please mightily.

21st. Comes news from Kate Joyce that if I would
see her husband alive, I must come presently. So
I to him, and find his breath rattled in his throat;
and they did lay pigeons to his feet, and all despair
of him. It seems, on Thursday last, he went, sober
and quiet, to Islington, and behind one of the inns,
the "White Lion," did fling himself into a pond:
was spied by a poor woman, and got out by some
people and set on his head and got to life : and
so his wife and friends sent for. He confessed his
doing the thing, being led by the devil; and do
declare his reason to be, his trouble in having forgot
to serve God as he ought since he came to his
new employment : and I did believe that, and the
sense of his great loss by the fire, did bring him
to it ; for he grew sick, and worse and worse to
this day. The friends that were there, being now in
fear that the goods and estate would be seized on,
fehough he lived all this while, because of his en-
deavouring to drown himself, my cousin did endeavour
to remove what she could of plate out of the house,
and desired me to take my flagons ; which I did, but
in great fear all the way of being seized ; though
there was no reason for it, ho not being dead. So,



PEPYS'S DIARY. 127

with D. Gauden to Guildhall, to advise with the
town-clerk about the practice of the City and nation
in this case : and he thinks that it cannot be found
self-murder; but if it be, it will fall, all the estate,
to the King. So I to my cousin's again ; where
I no sooner come but find that her husband was
departed. So at their entreaty, I presently to White-
hall and there find Sir W. Coventry: and he carried
me to the King, the Duke of York being with him,
and there told my story which I had told him: and
the King, without more ado, granted that if it was
found, the estate should be to the widow and children.
I presently to each secretary's office, and there left
caveats, and so away back to my cousin's, leaving a
chimney on fire at "Whitehall, in the King's closet,
but no danger. And so, when I come thither, I find
her all in sorrow, but she and the rest mightily pleased
with my doing this for them ; and which, indeed, was
a very great courtesy, for people are looking out for
the estate.

22nd. At noon with my Lord Brouncker to Sir D.
Gauden's. at the Victualling Office, to dinner, where
I had not dined since he was sheriff. He expected
us ; and a good dinner and much good company ; and
a fine house, and especially two rooms, very fine, he
hath built there. His lady a good lady; but my
Lord led himself and me to a great absurdity in
kissing all the ladies but the finest of all the company,



128 PEPYS'S DIARY. [January,

leaving her out, I know not why; and I was loath
to do it, since he omitted it. Here little Chaplin
dined, who is like to be sheriff the next year ; and a
pretty humoured little man he is : and Mr. Talents,
the younger, of Magdalene College, chaplain to the
sheriff ; which I was glad to see, though not much
acquainted with him. Thence stole away to my
cousin Kate's, and there find the coroner's jury
sitting, but they could not end it, but put off the
business till Shrove Tuesday next, and so do give
way to the burying of him, and that is all ; but they
all incline to find it a natural death, though there are
mighty busy people to have it go otherwise, thinking
to get his estate, but are mistaken. Thence, after
sitting with her and company a while, comforting
her, though I can find she can, as all other women,
cry, and yet talk of other things all in a breath, home :
and there to cards with my wife, Deb., and Betty
Turner, and Batelier, and after supper late to sing.
But, Lord ! how did I please myself to make Betty
Turner sing, to see what a beast she is as to singing,
not knowing how to sing one note in tune ; but, only
for the experiment, I would not for 40s. hear her sii>g
a tune : worse than my wife a thousand times, so that
it do a little reconcile me to her.

23rd. At the office all the morning ; and at noon
find the Bishop of Lincoln come to dine with us ;
and after him comes Mr. Brisband : and there mighty



1608.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 129

good company. But the bishop a very extraordinary
good-natured man, and one that is mightily pleased,
as well as I am, that I live so near Bugden, the seat
of his bishopric, where he is like to reside : and,
indeed, I am glad of it. In discourse, we think our-
selves safe for this year by this league with Holland,
which pleases everybody, and they say, vexes France ;
insomuch that D'Estrades, the French ambassador
in Holland, when he heard it, told the States that
he would have them not forget that his master is at
the head of 100,000 men, and is but twenty-eight years
old ; which was a great speech. The bishop tells me
he thinks that the great business of Toleration will
not, notwithstanding this talk, be carried this Parlia-
ment; nor for the King's taking away the Deans'
and Chapters' lands to supply his wants, they signi-
fying little to him, if he had them, for his present
service. To Mrs. Turner's, where my wife, and Deb.,
and I, and Batelier spent the night, and supped, and
played at cards, and very merry. She is either a
very prodigal woman, or richer than she would be
thought, by her buying of the best things, and laying
out much money in new-fashioned pewter ; and, among
other things, a new-fashioned case for a pair of
snuffers, which is very pretty; but I could never
have guessed what it was for had I not seen the
snuffers in it.

24th. Carried my wife to the Temple, and then she



130 PEPYS'S DIARY. [January,

to a play, and I to St. Andrew's Church, in Holborn,
at the 'Quest House, where the company meets to the
burial of my cousin Joyce ; and here I stayed with a
very great rabble of four or five hundred people of
mean condition, and I stayed in the room with the
kindred till ready to go to church, where there is to be
a sermon of Dr. Stillingfleet, and thence they carried
him to St. Sepulchre's. But it being late, and, indeed,
not having a black cloak to lead Kate Joyce with, or
follow the corpse, I away, and saw, indeed, a very great
press of people follow the corpse. I to the King's
playhouse to fetch my wife, and there saw the best
part of The Maiden Queen, which the more I see the
more I love, and think one of the best plays I ever saw,
and is certainly the best acted of anything ever the
house did, and particularly Becke Marshall, to admira-
tion. Found my wife and Deb., and saw many fine
ladies, and sat by Colonel Beanies, who understands and
loves a play as well as I, and I love him for it. And so
thence home ; and after being at the office, I home to
supper and to bed, my eyes being very bad again with
overworking with them.

25th. At noon to the 'Change with Mr. Hater, and
there he and I to a tavern to meet Captain Minors,
which we did, and dined ; and there happened to be
Mr. Prichard, a ropemaker of his acquaintance, and
whom I know also, and did once mistake for a fiddler,



1668.] PEPfS'S DIABY. 131

which sitng well, and I asked for such a song that I
had heard him sing.

26th. (Lord's day.) Up, and with my wife to church,
and at noon home to dinner. STo strangers there ; and
all the afternoon and evening very late doing serious
business of my Tangier accounts, and examining my
East India accounts with Mr. Poynter, whom I em-
ployed all this day to transcribe it fair ; and so to
supper, W. Hewer with us, and the girl to comb my
head till I slept, and then to bed.

27th. Mr. Povey do tell me how he is like to lose his
400 a-year pension of the Duke of York, which he
took in consideration of his place that was taken from
him. He tells me the Duchess is a devil against him,
and do now come like Queen Elizabeth, and sits with
the Duke of Tork's Council and sees what they do;
and she crosses out this man's wages and prices, as she
sees fit, for saving money ; but yet, he tells me, she
reserves 5,000 a-year for her own spending ; and my
Lady Peterborough, by-and-by, tells me that the
Duchess do lay up, mightily, jewels. Thence to my
Lady Peterborough's, she desiring to speak with me.
She loves to be taken dressing herself, as I always find
her ; and there, after a little talk, to please her, about
her husband's pension, which I do not think he will
ever get again, I away thence home.

28th. With W. Griffin, talking about getting a place
to build a coach-house or to hire one, for it is plainly



132 PEPTS'S DIABT. [January,

for my benefit for saving money. To Whitehall ; and
by-and-by the Duke of York comes, and we had a
little meeting, Anglesey, W. Pen, and I there, and
none else : and, among other things, did discourse of
the want of discipline in the fleet, which the Duke of
York confessed, and yet said that he, while he was
there, did keep it in a good measure, but that it was
now lost when he was absent ; but he will endeavour
to have it again. That he did tell the Prince and Duke
of Albemarle they would lose all order by making such
and such commanders, which they would, because they
were stout men ; he told them it was a reproach to the
nation, as if there were no sober men among us that
were stout to be had. That they did put out some men
for cowards that the Duke of York had put in but
little before for stout men ; and would now, were he
to go to sea again, entertain them in his own division,
to choose : and did put in an idle fellow, Green, who
was hardly thought fit for a boatswain by him : they
did put him from being a lieutenant to a captain's
place of a second-rate ship : as idle a drunken fellow>
he said, as any was in the fleet. That he will now
desire the King to let him be what he is, that is
Admiral ; and he will put in none but those that he
hath great reason to think well of: and particularly
says, that, though he likes Colonel Legg well, yet his
son that was, he knows not how, made a captain after
he had been but one voyage at sea, he should go to sea



1(568.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 133



another apprenticeship before ever he gives him a
command. We did tell him of the many defects and
disorders among the captains, and I prayed we might
do it in writing to him, which he liked ; and I am glad
of an opportunity of doing it. My wife this day hears
from her father and mother ; they are in France, at
Paris : he, poor good man, thankful for my small
charities to him. I could be willing to do some-
thing for them, were I snre not to bring them over
again hither. Coming home, my wife and I went and
saw Kate Joyce, who is still in mighty sorrow, and
the more from something that Dr. Stillingfleet should
simply say in his sei-mon, of her husband's manner of
dying, as killing himself.

29th. To Sir W. Coventry. He teUs me he hath no
friends in the whole Court but my Lord Keeper and
Sir John Duncomb. They have reduced the charges of
Ireland about 70,000 a-year, and thereby cut off good
profits from my Lord Lieutenant ; which will make a
new enemy, but he cares not. He tells me that
Townsend, of the Wardrobe, is the veriest knave and
bufflehead that ever he saw in his life, and wonders how
my Lord Sandwich come to trust such a fellow, and

that now Reams and are put in to be overseers

there, and do great things, and have already saved a
great deal of money in the King's liveries, and buy
linen so cheap, that he will have them buy the next
clotk he hath for shirts. But then this is with ready



134 PEPYS'S DIABY. [January,

money, which answers all. This evening come Betty
Turner, and the two Mercers, and W. Batelier, and
they had fiddlers, and danced, and kept a quarter, which
pleased me, though it disturbed me ; but I would not
be with them at all.

30th. Mr. G-ibson, and I, and our clerks, 'and Mr.
Clerk, the solicitor, to a little ordinary in Hercules
Pillars Alley the " Crown," a poor, sorry place, where
a fellow in tweLv e years hath gained an estate of, as he
says, 600 a year, which is very strange, and there dined,
and had a good dinner and very good discourse between
them, old men belonging to the law ; and here I first
heard that my cousin Pepys, of Salisbury Court, was
Marshal to my Lord Coke when he was Lord Chief
Justice ; which beginning of his I did not know to be
so low ; but so it was, it seems. When come home, I
find Kate Joyce hath been there, with sad news that
her house stands not in the King's liberty, but the
Dean of Paul's ; and so, if her estate falls, it will not
be in the King's power to do her any other good. But
I do believe this arises from somebody that hath a
mind to frighten her into a composition for her estate,
which I advise her against; and, indeed, I do desire
heartily to be able to do her service, she being, me-
thinks, a piece of care I ought to take upon me, for our
fathers' and friends' sake, she being left alone, and no
friend so near as me, or so able to help her.

31st. Up, and by coach, with W. Griffin with me,



1668.] PEPYS'S DIABT. 135

and our contract-books, to Durham Yard, to. the Com-
missioners of Accounts, the first time I ever was
there, and stayed awhile before I was admitted to
them. I did observe a great many people attending
about complaints of seamen concerning tickets, and,
among others, Mr. Carcasse, and Mr. Martin, my
purser. And I observe a fellow, one Collins, is there,
who is employed by these Commissioners particularly
to hold an office in Bishopsgate Street, or somewhat
thereabouts, to receive complaints of all people about
tickets : and I believe he will have work enough.
Presently I was called in, where I found the whole
number of Commissioners, and was there received with
great respect and kindness ; and did give them great
satisfaction, making it my 'endeavour to inform them
what it was they were to expect from me, and what
was the duty of other people ; this being my only way
to preserve myself after all my pains and trouble.
They did ask many questions, and demanded other
books of me, which I did give them very ready and
acceptable answers to ; and, upon the whole, I do ob-
serve they do go about their business like men resolved
to go through with it, and in a very good method, like
men of understanding. They have Mr. Jessop, their
secretary : and it is pretty to see that they are fain to
find out an old-fashioned man of Cromwell's to do their
business for them, as well as the Parliament to pitch
upon such, for the most part, among the lowest of



136 PEPYS'S DIARY.

people that were brought into the House for Com-
missioners. I went away, giving and receiving great
satisfaction ; and so to "Whitehall to the Commissioners
of the Treasury ; where, waiting some time, I there met
with Colonel Birch, and he and I fell into discourse ;
and I did give him thanks for his kindness to me in
the Parliament House, both before my face and behind
my back. He told me that he knew me to be a man of
the old way of taking pains, and did always endeavour
to do me right, and prevent anything that was moved
that might tend to my injury ; which I was obliged to
him for, and thanked him. Thence to talk [of other
things, and the want of money : and he told me of the
general want of money in the country ; that land sold
for nothing, and the many pennyworths he knows of
lands and houses upon them, with good titles in his
county, at sixteen years' purchase : " and," says he,
" though I am in debt, yet I have a mind to one thing,
and that is a bishop's lease ; " but said, " I will yet
choose swch a lease before any other, because I know
they cannot stand, and then it will fall into the King's
hands, and I in possession shall have an advantage by
it." Says he, " I know they must fall, and they are now
near it, taking all the ways they can to undo themselves
and showing us the way ; " and thereupon told me a
story of the present quarrel beween the Bishop and
Dean of Coventry and Lichfield ; the former of whom
did excommunicate the latter, and caused his excom-



1668.] PEPYS'8 DIABT. 137

munication to be read in the church while he was there ;
and after it was read, the Dean made the service be
gone through with, though himself, an excommunicant,
was present, which is contrary to the Canon, and said
he would justify the choir therein against the Bishop ;
and so they are at law in the Arches about it ; which is
a very pretty story. He tells me that the King is for
Toleration, though the Bishops be against it ; and that
he do not doubt but it will be carried in Parliament ;
but that he fears some will stand for the tolerating of
Papists with the rest ; and that he knows not what to
say, but rather thinks that the sober party will be with-
out it rather than have it upon those terms ; and I do
believe so. I to make a visit to Mr. Godolphin at his
lodgings, who is lately come from Spain from my Lord
Sandwich, and did, the other day, meeting me in
Whitehall, compliment me mightily, and so I did offer
him this visit but missed him. To my bookbinder's,
and there, till late at night, binding up my second part
of my Tangier accounts, and I all the while observing
his working, and his manner of gilding of books with
great pleasure, and so home. This day Griffin did, in
discourse in the coach, put me in the head of the little
house by our garden, where old goodman Taylor puts
his brooms and dirt to make me a stable of, which I
shall improve, so as, I think, to be able to get me a
stable without much charge, which do please me
mightily. It is observed, and is true, in the late fire



138 tEPYS's DIARY. . [February

of London, that the fire burned just as many parish
churches as there were hours from the beginning to
the end of the fire ; and, next, that there were just as
many churches left standing as there were taverns
left standing in the rest of the City that was not
burned, being, I think, thirteen in all of each : which
is pretty to observe.

February 1st. To the office till past two o'clock;
where at the Board some high words passed between
Sir W. Pen and I, begun by me, and yielded to by him,
I being in the right in finding fault with him for his
neglect of duty. Home, my head mighty full of busi-
ness now on my hands, viz., of finishing my Tangier
accounts ; of auditing my last year's accounts ; of pre-
paring answers to the Commissioners of Accounts ; of
drawing up several important letters to the Duke of
York and the Commissioners of the Treasury; the
marrying of my sister ; the building of a coach and
stables" against summer, and the setting many things
in the office right ; and the drawing up a new form of
contract with the victualler of the Navy, and several


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Online LibrarySamuel PepysThe diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) → online text (page 19 of 23)