Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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day, with about 1,300 in gold in their night-bag.
Pray God give them good passage, and good care to
hide it when they come home ! but my heart is full of
fear. They gone, I continued in fright and fear what
to do with the rest. "W. Hewer hath been at the
banker's, and hath got 500 out of Backewell's hands
of his own money ; but they are so called upon that
they will be all broke, hundreds coming to them for
money, and they answer him, " It is payable at twenty
days when the days are out, we will pay you ; " and
those that are not so, they make tell over their money,
and make their bags false, on purpose to give cause to
retell it, and so spend time. I cannot have my 200
pieces of gold again for silver, all being bought up last
night that were to be had, and sold for 24s. and 25s.
apiece. So I must keep the silver by me, which some-
times I think to fling into the house of office, and then
again know not how I shall come by it if we be made
to leave the office. Every minute some one or other
calls for this or that order ; and so I forced to be at
the office, most of the day, about the fire-ships which
are to be suddenly fitted out : and it is a most strange
thing that we hear nothing from any of my brethren
at Chatham; so that we are wholly in the dark,



26 PEPYS'S DIAET. [Jnne,

various being the reports of what is done there ;
insomuch that I sent Mr. Clapham express thither
to see how matters go. I did, about noon, resolve
to send Mr. Gibson away after my wife with another
1,000 pieces, under colour of an express to Sir Jeremy
Smith, who is, as I hear, with some ships at New-
castle, which I did really send to him, and may,
possibly, prove of good use to the King ; for it is pos-
sible, in the hurry of business, they may not think of it
at Court, and the charge of an express is not consider-
able to the King. The King and Duke of York up
and down all the day here and there, some time on
Tower Hill, where the City militia was, where the
King did make a speech to them, that they should
venture themselves no further than he would himself.
I also sent, my mind being in pain, Saunders after my
wife and father, to overtake them at their night's
lodgings, to see how matters go with them. In the
evening I sent for my cousin Sarah [Gyles] and her
husband, who come ; and I did deliver them my chest
of writings about Brampton, and my brother Tom's
papers, and my journals, which I value much ; and did
send my two silver flagons to Kate Joyce's, that so,
being scattered what I have, something might be saved.
I have also made a girdle, by which, with some trouble,
I do carry about me 300 in gold about my body, that
I may not be without something in case I should be
surprised, for I think, in any nation but oure, people



1667.1 PEPYS'S DIABY. 27

that appear for we are not indeed so eo faulty as we
would have their throats cut. In the evening comes
Mr. Pelliug, and several others, to tho office, and tell
me that never were people so dejected as they are in
the City all over at this day ; and do talk most loudly,
even treason ; as that we are bought and sold that we
are betrayed by the Papists ; and others, about the
King, cry out that the office of the Ordnance hath been
so backward as no powder to have been at Chatham
nor Upnor Castle till such a time, and the carriages
all broken ; that Legg is a Papist ; that Upnor, the
old good castle built by Queen Elizabeth, should be
lately slighted ; that the ships at Chatham should not
be carried up higher. They look upon us as lost, and
remove their families and rich goods in the City, and
do think verily that the French, being come down with
an army to Dunkirk, it is to invade us, and that we
shall be invaded. Mr. Clerke, the solicitor, comes to
me about business, and tells me that he hears that the
King hath chosen Mr. Pierpont and Yaughan of the
West, Privy Councillors; that my Lord Chancellor
was affronted in the Hall this day, by people telling
him of his Dunkirk House ; and that there are regi-
ments ordered to be got together, whereof to be com-
manders my Lord Fairfax, Ingoldsby, Bethell, Norton,
and Birch, and other Presbyterians ; and that Dr.
Bates will have liberty to preach. Now, whether this
be true or not, I know not ; but do think that nothing



28 PEPTS'S DIARY. [June.

but this will unite us together. Late at night comes
Mr. Hudson, the cooper, my neighbour, and tells me
that he came from Chatham this evening at five o'clock,
and saw this afternoon the Royal James, Oak, and
London, burnt by the enemy with, their fire-ships :
that two or three men-of-war came up with them, and
made no more of Upnor Castle's shooting than of a
fly; that those ships lay below Upnor Castle, but
therein I conceive he is in an error ; that the Dutch
are fitting out the Royal Charles ; that we shot so far
as from the yard thither, so that the shot did no good,
for the bullets grazed on the water ; that Upnor played
hard wich their guns at first, but slowly afterwards,
either from the men being beat off, or their powder
spent, but we hear that the fleet in the Hope is not
come up any higher the last .flood ; and Sir W. Batten
telJs me that ships are provided to sink in the river,
about Woolwich, that will prevent their coming up
higher if they should attempt it. I made my will also
this day, and did give all I had equally between my
father and wife.

14th. Up, and to the office, where Mr. Fryer comes
and tells me that there are several Frenchmen and
Flemish ships in the river, with passes from the
Duke of York for carrying of prisoners, that ought to
be parted from the rest of the ships, and their powder
taken, lest they do fire themselves when the enemy
comes, and so spoil us ; which is good advice, and I



1667.] PEPTS'S DIARY. 29

think I will give notice of it; and did so. But it
is pretty odd to see how everybody, even at this
high time of danger, puts business off of their own
hands ! He says that he told this to the Lieutenant of
the Tower, to whom I, for the same reason, was direct-
ing him to go ; and the Lieutenant of the Tower bade
him come to us, for he had nothing to do with it ; and
yesterday comes Captain Crew, of one of the fire-ships,
and told me that the officers of the Ordnance would
deliver his gunner's materials, but not compound them,
but that we must do it, whereupon I was forced to
write to them about it ; and one that like a great many
came to me this morning, by-and-by comes Mr.
Wilson, and, by direction of his, a man of Mr.
Gauden's, who are come from Chatham last night,
and saw the three ships burnt, they lying all dry, and
boats going from the men-of-war to fire them. But
that, that he tells me of worst consequence is, that he
himself, I think he r said, did hear many Englishmen
on board the Dutch ships speaking to one another in
English; and that they did cry and say, "We did
heretofore fight for tickets; now we fight for dollars!"
and did ask how such and such a one did, and would
commend themselves to them, which is a sad con-
sideration. And Mr. Lewes, who was present at this
fellow's discourse to me, did tell me, that he is told
that when they took the Royal Charles, they said that
they had their tickets signed, and showed some, and



30 PEPYS'S DIAEY. [June,

that now they come to have them paid, and would have
them paid before they parted. And several seamen
came this morning to me to tell me that if I would
get their tickets paid they would go and do all they
could against the Dutch ; but otherwise they would not
venture being killed, and lose all they have already
fought for : so that I was forced to try what I could
do to get them paid. This man tells me that the ships
burnt last night did lie above Upnor Castle, over
against the dock ; and the boats came from the ships
of war and burnt them, all which is very sad. And
masters of ships, that we are lately taking up, do keep
from their ships all their stores, or as much as
they can, so that we can despatch them, having not
time to appraise them nor secure their payment ; only
some little money we have, which we are fain to pay
the men we have with every night, or they will not
work. And indeed the hearts as well as affections of
the seamen are turned away ; and in the open streets
in Wapping, and up and down, the wives have cried
publicly, " This comes of your not paying our hus-
bands; and now your work is undone, or done by
hands that understand it not." And Sir W. Batten
told me that he was himself affronted with a woman,
in language of this kind, on Tower Hill publicly yes-
terday ; and we are fain to bear it and to keep one at
the office door, to let no idle people in, for fear of firing
of the office and doing us mischief. The City is



1667.J PEPYS'S DIARY. 31

troubled at their being put upon duty : summoned one
-hour, and discharged two hours after ; and then again
summoned two hours after that ; to their great charge
as well as trouble. And Felling, the apothecary, tells
me the world says all over, that less charge than what
the kingdom is put to, of one kind or other, by this
business, would have set out all our great ships. It is
said they did in open streets yesterday, at Westminster,
cry, " A Parliament ! a Parliament ! " and I do believe
it will cost blood to answer for these miscarriages.
"We do not hear that the Dutch are come to Gravesend;
which is a wonder. But a wonderful thing it is that
to this day we have not one word yet from Brouncker,
or Peter Pett, or J. Minnes, of anything at Chatham.
The people that come hither to hear how things go,
make me ashamed to be found unable to answer them :
for I am left alone here at the office ; and the truth is,
I am glad my station is to be here, near my own home
and out of danger, yet in a place of doing the King
good service. I have this morning good news from
Gibson; three letters from three several stages, that
he was safe last night as far as Royston, at between
nine and ten at night. The dismay that is upon us all,
in the business of the kingdom and navy at this day, is
not to be expressed otherwise than by the condition
the citizens were in when the City was on fire, nobody
knowing which way to turn themselves, while every-
thing concurred to greaten the fire ; as here the easterly



32 PEPYS'S DIAET. [June.

gale and spring-tides for coming up both rivers, and
enabling them to break the chain. D. Gauden did tell
me yesterday, that the day before at the Council they
were ready to fall together by the ears at the Council
table, arraigning one another of being guilty of the
counsel that brought us into this misery, by laying up
all the great ships. Mr. Hater tells me at noon that
some rude people have been, as he hears, at my Lord
Chancellor's, where they have cut down the trees before
his house and broke his windows ; and a gibbet either
set up before or painted upon his gate, and these three
words writ : " Three sights to be seen, Dunkirk,
Tangier, and a barren Queen." It gives great matter
of talk that it is said there is at this hour in the Ex-
chequer as much money as is ready to break down the
floor. This arises, I believe, from Sir G. Downing's
late talk of the greatness of the sum lying there of
people's money, that they would not fetch away, which
he showed me and a great many others. Most people
that I speak with are in doubt how we shall do to
secure our seamen from running over to the Dutch,
which is a sad but very true consideration at this day.
At noon I ain told that my Lord Duke of Albemarle is
made Lord High Constable, the meaning whereof at
this time I know not, nor whether it be true or no
Dined, and Mr. Hater and W. Hewer with me, where
they do speak very sorrowfully of the posture of the
times, and bow people do cry out in the streets of



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 33

their being bought and sold ; and both they, and every -
body that come to me, do tell me that people make
nothing of talking treason in the streets openly : as,
that they are bought and sold and governed by Papists,
and that we are betray ed_ by people about the King,
and shall be delivered up to the French, and I know
not what. At dinner we discoursed of Tom of the
Wood, a fellow that lives like a hermit near Woolwich,
who, as they say, and Mr. Bodham, they tell me, affirms
that he was by at the Justice's when some did accuse
him there for it, did foretell the burning of the City,
and now says that a greater desolation is at hand.
Thence we read and laughed at Lilly's prophecies this
month, in his Almanack this year. So to the office
after dinner ; and thither comes Mr. Pierce, who tells
me his condition, how he cannot get his money, about
500, which, he says, is a very great part of what he
hath for his family and children, out of Yiner's hand :
and indeed it is to be feared that this will wholly undo
the bankers. He says he knows nothing of the late
affronts to my Lord Chancellor's house, as is said, nor
hears of the Duke of Albemarle's being made High
Constable ; but says that they are in great distraction
at Whitehall, and that everywhere people do speak high
against Sir W. Coventry ; but he agrees with me, that
he is the best Minister of State the King hath, and so
from my heart I believe. At night came home Sir W.
Batten and W. Pen, who only can tell me that they



34 PEPTS'S DIARY. [June,

have placed guns at "Woolwich and Deptford, and sunk
some ships below Woolwich and Blackwall, and are in
hopes that they will stop the enemy's coming up. But
strange our confusion ! that among them that are sunk
they have gone and sunk .without consideration the
Francklin, one of the King's ships, with stores to a
very considerable value, that hath been loiig laden for
supply of the ships; and the new ship at Bristol, and
much wanted there; and nobody will own that they
directed it, but do lay it on Sir W. Rider. They speak
also of another ship, laden to the value of 80,000,
sunk with the goods in her, or at least was mightily
contended for by him, and a foreign ship, that had the
faith of the nation for her security : this Sir R. Ford
tells us. And it is too plain a truth, that both here
and at Chatham the ships that we have sunk have
many, and the first of them, been ships completely
fitted for fire-ships at great charge. But most strange
the backwardness and disorder of all people, especially
the King's people in pay, to do any work, Sir W. Pen
tells me, all crying out for money ; and it was so at
Chatham, that this night comes an order from Sir W.
Coventry to stop the pay of the wages of that yard ;
the Duke of Albemarle having related, that not above
three of 1,100 in pay there did attend to do any work
there. This evening, having sent a messenger to Chat-
ham on purpose, we have received a dull letter from
my Lord Brouncker and Peter Pett, how matters have



1667. J PEPTS'S DIARY. 35

gone there this week ; but not so much, or so particu-
larly, as we knew it by common talk before, and as
true. I doubt they will be found to have been but
slow men in this business ; and they say the Duke of
Albemarle did tell my Lord Brouncker to his face that
his discharging of the great ships there was tlfe cause
of all this ; and I am told that it is become common
talk against my Lord Brouncker. But in that he is to
be justified, for he did it by verbal order from Sir W.
Coventry, and with good intent ; and it was to good
purpose, whatever the success be, for the men would
have but spent the King so much the more in wages,
and yet not attended on board to have done the King
any service ; and as an evidence of that, just now,
being the 15th day in the morning that I am writing
yesterday's passages, one is with me, Jacob Bryan,
purser of the Princess, who confesses to me that he
hath but 180 men borne at this day in victuals and wages
on that ship lying at Chatham, being lately brought
in thither ; of which 180 there was not above five ap-
peared to do the King any service at this late business.
And this morning also, some of the Cambridge's men
came up from Portsmouth, by order from Sir Fretche-
ville Hollis, who boasted to us the other day that he
had sent for 50, and would be hanged if 100 did not
come up that would do as much as twice the number
of other men : I say some of them, instead of being
at work at Deptford, where they were intended, do



36 PEPYS'S DIARY. [Jane,

come to the office this morning to demand the payment
of their tickets ; for otherwise they would, they said,
do no more work ; and are, as I understand from every-
body that has to do with them, the most debauched,
damning, swearing rogues that ever were in the navy,
just lifcb their profane commander. Home, being at
pretty good ease by a letter from my wife, brought by
Saunders, that my father and wife got well last night
to their inn and out again this morning, and Gibson's
being got safe to Caxton at twelve last night.

15th. All the morning at the office. No news more
than last night ; only Purser Tyler comes and tells me
that he being at all the passages in this business at
Chatham, he says there have been horrible mis-
carriages, such as we shall shortly hear of; that the
want of boats hath undone us ; and it is commonly said,
and Sir J. Minnes under his hand tells us, that they
were employed by the men of the yard to carry away
their goods ; and I hear that Commissioner Pett will
be found the first man that began to remove ; he is
much spoken against, and Brouncker is complained of
and reproached for discharging the men of the great
ships heretofore. At noon Mr. Hater dined with me ;
and tells me he believes that it will hardly be the want
of money alone that will excuse to the Parliament the
neglect of not setting out a fleet, it having never been
done in our greatest straits, but however unlikely it
appeared, yet when it was gone about, the State or King



1667.] PEPYS'S PTARY. 37

did compass it ; and there is something in it. At night
comes, unexpectedly so soon, Mr. Gibson, who left my
wife well, and all got down well witli them, but not with
himself, which I was afraid of, and cannot blame him,
but must myself be wiser against another time. He had
one of his bags broke, through his breeches, and some
pieces dropped out, not many, he thinks, but two, for
he light, and took them up, and went back and could
find no more. But I am not able to tell how many,
which troubles me ; but the joy of having the greatest
part safe there makes me bear with it, so as not to
afflict myself for it. Home and to my flageolet. Played
with pleasure, but with a heavy heart, only it pleased
me to think how it may please God I may live to spend
my time in the country with plainness and pleasure,
though but with little glory.

16th. (Lord's day.) Comes Roger Pepys and his
son Talbot, whom he had brought to town to settle at
the Temple, but, by reason of our present stirs, will
carry him back again with him this week. He seems
to be but a silly lad. I sent them to church this morn-
ing. Roger Pepys told me that when I come to his
house he will show me a decree in Chancery, wherein
there was twenty-six men all house-keepers in the
town of Cottenham, in Queen Elizabeth's time, of our
name. By-and-by occasion offered for my writing to
Sir W. Coventry a plain bold letter touching lack of
money ; which, when it was gone, I was afraid might



38 PEPYS'S DIABY. [June,

give offence ; but upon two or three readings over
again the copy of it, I was satisfied it was a good
letter; only Sir W. Batten signed it with me, which I
could wish I had done alone.

17th. Every moment bu. in >ss of one kind or other
about the fire-ships and other businesses, most of them
vexatious for want of money, the commanders all com-
plaining that, if they miss to pay their men a night,
they run away ; seamen demanding money of them by
way of advance, and some of Sir Fretcheville Hollis's
men, that he so bragged of, demanding their tickets to
be paid, or they would not work ; this Hollis, Sir W.
Batten and W. Pen say, proves a conceited, idle,
prating, lying fellow. Captain Cocke tells me there have
been great endeavours of bringing in the Presbyterian
interest, but that it will not do. He named to me
several of the insipid lords that are to command the
armies that are to be raised. He says the King and
Court are all troubled, and the gates of the Court were
shut upon the first coming of the Dutch to us, but they
do mind the business no more than ever; that the
bankers, he fears, are broke as to ready money, though
Viner had 100,000 by him when our trouble begun ;
that he and the Duke of Albemarle have received into
their own hands, of Yiner, the former 10,000 and the
latter 12,000, in tallies or assignments, to secure what
was in his hands of theirs ; and many other great men
of our masters have done the like; which is no good



167.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 39

sign, when they begin to fear the main. He and every-
body cries out of the office of the Ordnance for their
neglects, both at Gravesend and Upnor, and every-
where else. This night, late, comes a porter with a
letter from Monsieur Pratt, to borrow 100 for my
Lord Hinchingbroke, to enable him to go out with his
troop in the country, as he is commander; but I did
find an excuse to decline it. Among other reasons to
myself, this is one, to teach him the necessity of being
a good husband, and keeping money or credit by him. ;
18th. To the office, and by-and-by word was brought
me that Commissioner Pett is brought to the Tower,
and there laid up close prisoner ; which puts me into a
fright, lest they may do the same with us as they do with
him. Great news to-night of the blowing up of one of
the Dutch's greatest ships, while a council of war was
on board ; the latter part, I doubt, is not so, it not being
confirmed since ; but the former, that they had a ship
blown up, is said to be true. This evening comes Sir
G. Carteret to the office, to talk of business at Sir W.
Batten's ; where all to be undone for want of money,
there being none to pay the chest at their public pay
the 24th of this month, which will make us a scorn
to the world. After he had done there, he and I into
the garden and walked ; and the greatest of our dis-
course is, his sense of the requisiteness of his parting
with his being Treasurer of the navy, if he can, on any
good terms. He do harp upon getting my. Lord



40 PEPYSS DIABY. [June,

Brouncker to take it on half profit, but that he is not
able to secure him in paying him so much. My Lady
Jem goes down to Hinchingbroke to lie down, because
of the troubles of the times here. He tells me now the
great question is, whether a Parliament or no Parlia-
ment ; and says the Parliament itself cannot be thought
able at present to raise money, and therefore it will be
to no purpose to call one.

19th. Comes an order from Sir B. Browne, com-
manding me this afternoon to attend the Council Board,
with all my books and papers touching the Medway.
I was ready to fear some mischief to myself, though it
appears most reasonable that it is to inform them
about Commissioner Pett; and so took coach and to
the Council Chamber lobby, where I met Mr. Evelyn.
While we were discoursing over our public misfortunes
I am called in to a large Committee of the Council ;
present the Duke of Albemarle, Anglesey, Arlington,
Ashly, Carteret, Duncomb, Coventry, Ingram, Clifford,
Lauderdale, Morrice, Manchester, Craven, Carlisle,
Bridgewater. And after Sir W. Coventry's telling
them what orders His Royal Highness had made for the
safety of the Medway, I told them to their full cdn-
tent what we had done, and showed them our letters.
Then was Peter Pett called in, with the Lieutenant of
the Tower. He is in his old clothes, and looked most
sillily. His charge was chiefly the not carrying up of
the great ships, and the using of the boats in carrying



1667.1 PEPYS'S DIABT. 41

away his goods : to which lie answered very sillily,
though his faults to me seem only great omissions.
Lord Arlington and Coventry very severe against him :
the former saying that if he was not guilty, the world
would think them all guilty. The latter urged that
there must be some faults, and that the Admiral must
be found to have done his part. I did say an unhappy
word, which I was sorry for, when he complained of
want of oars for the boats ; and there was, it seems,
enough, and good enough, to carry away all the boats
with from the king's occasions. He said he used never
a boat till they were all gone but one ; and that was to
carry away things of great value, and these were his


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