Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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other things, which pains, however, will go through
with.

2nd. (Lord's day.) All the morning setting my
books in order in my presses for the following year,
their number being much increased since the last, so as
I am fain to lay by several books to make room for better,
being resolved to keep no more than just my presses



1668.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 139

will contain. A very good dinner we had, of a powdered
leg of pork and a loin of lamb roasted.

3rd. To the Duke of York's house, to the play, The
Tempest, which we have often seen, and particularly
this day I took pleasure to learn the time of the
seaman's dance.

4th. To Kate Joyce's, where the jury did sit where
they did before, about her husband's death, and their
verdict put off for fourteen days longer, at the suit
of somebody, under pretence of the King ; but it is
only to get money out of her to compound the matter.
But the truth is, something they will make out of
Stillingfleet's sermon, which may trouble us, he de-
claring, like a fool, in his pulpit, that he did confess
that his losses in the world did make him do what he
did. This vexes me to see how foolish our Protestant
Divines are, while the Papists do make it the duty of
confessor to be secret, or else nobody would confess
their sins to them. All being put off for to-day, I took
my leave of Kate, who is mightily troubled at it for her
estate sake, not for her husband ; for her sorrow for
that, I perceive, is all over.

5th. To the Commissioners of Accounts, where I was
called in, and did take an oath to declare the truth to
what they should ask me, which is a great power, I
doubt more than the Act do, or as some say can, give
them, to force a man to swear against himself ; and so
they fell to enquire about the business of prize goods,



140 PEPYS'S DIARY. [February,

wherein I did answer them as well as I could in every-
thing the just truth, keeping myself to them. I do
perceive at last, that, that they do lay most like a fault
to me was, that I did buy goods upon my Lord Sand-
wich's declaring that it was with the King's allowance,
and my believing it without seeing the King's allow-
ance, which is a thing I will own, and doubt not to justify
myself in. But what vexed me most was, their having
some watermen by, to witness my saying that they
were rogues that had betrayed my goods, which was
upon some discontent with one of the watermen that I
employed at Greenwich, who I did think did discover
the goods sent from Rochester to the Custom House
officer ; but this can do me no great harm. They were
inquisitive into the minutest particulars, and had had
great information ; but I think that they can do me no
hurt at the worst more than to make me refund, if it
must be known, what profit I did make of my agree-
ment with Captain Cocke ; and yet, though this be all,
I do find so poor a spirit within me that it makes me
almost out of my wits, and puts me to so much pain
that I cannot think of anything, nor do anything but
vex and fret, and imagine myself undone. After they
had done with me, they called in Captain Cocke, with
whom they were shorter, and I do fear he may answer
foolishly ; but I hope to preserve myself, and let him
shift for himself as well as he can. Mr. Cooke come
for my Lady Sandwich's plate, which I must part



166a] PEPTS'S DIAET. 141

with, and so endanger the losing of my money which I
lent upon my thoughts of securing myself by that plate.
But it is no great sum but 60 : and if it must be
lost, better that than a greater sum. I away back
again to find a dinner anywhere else, and so I, first, to
the " Ship " tavern, thereby to get a sight of the pretty
mistress of the house, with whom I am not yet ac-
quainted at all, and I do always find her scolding, and
do believe she is an ill-natured devil, that I have no
great desire to speak to her. Mr. Moore mightily
commends my Lord Hinchingbroke's match and Lady
though he buys her 10,000 dear, by the jointure and
settlement his father makes her, and says that the Duke
of York and Duchess of York did come to see them in
bed together, on their wedding-night, and how my Lord
had fifty pieces of gold taken out of his pocket that
night after he was in bed. He tells me that an Act of
Comprehension is likely to pass this Parliament, for
admitting of all persuasions in religion to the public
observation of their particular worship, but in certain
places, and the persons therein concerned to be listed
of this or that church; which, it is thought, will do
them more hurt than good, and make them not own
their persuasion. He tells me that there is a pardon
passed to the Duke of Buckingham, and my Lord of
Shrewsbury and the rest, for the late duel and murder ;
which he thinks a worse fault than any ill use my late
Lord Chancellor ever put the Great Seal to, and will be



142 PEPYS'S DIARY. [February,

BO thought by the Parliament, for them to be pardoned
without bringing them to any trial : and that my Lord
Privy Seal, therefore, would not have it pass his hand,
but made it go by immediate warrant ; or at least they
knew that he would not pass it, and so did direct
it to go by immediate warrant that it might not
come to him. He tells me what a character my Lord
Sandwich hath sent over of Mr. Godolphin, as the
worthiest man, and such a friend to him, as he may be
trusted in anything relating to him in the world ; as
one from whom, he says, he hath infallible assurances
that he will remain his friend: which is very high, but
indeed they say the gentleman is a fine man.

6th. Sir H. Cholmly tells me how the Parliament,
which is to meet again to-day, are likely to fall
heavy on the business of the Duke of Buckingham's
pardon : and I shall be glad of it ; and that the
King hath put out of the Court the two Hides, my
Lord Chancellor's two sons, and also the Bishops of
Rochester and Winchester, the latter of whom should
have preached before him yesterday, being Ash-
Wednesday, and had his sermon ready, but was put
by ; which is great news. My wife being gone before,
I to the Duke of York's playhouse, where a new play
of Etheredge's, called She Would if she Could ; and
though I was there by two o'clock, there was 1,000
people put back that could not have room in the pit;
and I at last, because my wife was there, made shift to



PEPYS'S DIAET. 143

get into the 18d. box, and there saw ; but Lord ! how
full was the house, and how silly the play, there being
nothing in the world good in it, and few people pleased
in it. The King was there; but I sat mightily
behind, and could see but little, and hear not all. The
play being done, I into the pit to look for my wife, it
being dark and raining, but could not find her ; and so
stayed going between the two doors and through the pit
an hour and a half, I think, after the play was done ;
the people staying there till the rain was over, and to
talk with one another. And, among the rest, here was
the Duke of Buckingham to-day openly sat in the pit ;
and there I found him with my Lord Buckhurst, and
Sedley, and Etheredge, the poet ; the last of whom 1
did hear mightily find fault with the actors, that they
were out of humour, and had not their parts perfect,
and that Harris did do nothing, nor could so much as
sing a catch in it, and so was mightily concerned :
while all the rest did, through the whole pit, blame the
"play as a silly, dull thing, though there was something
very roguish and witty ; but the design of the play
and end mighty insipid. At last I did find my wife ;
and with her was Betty Turner, Mercer, and Deb.
So I got a coach, and a humour took us, and I carried
them to Hercules Pillars, and there did give them a
kind of a supper of about 7s., and very merry, and
home round the town, not through the ruins : and it
was pretty how the coachman by mistake drives us



144 FEPYS'S DIABY. [February,

iuto the ruins from London Wall into Coleman Street,
and would persuade me that I lived there. And the
truth is, I did think that he and the linkman had con-
trived some roguery ; but it proved only a mistake of
the coachman; but it was a cunning place to have
done us a mischief in, as any I know, to drive us out of
the road into the ruins, and there stop, while nobody
could be called to help us. But we come safe home.

7th. Met my cousin Roger Pepys, the Parliament
meeting yesterday and adjourned to Monday next ; and
here he tells me that Mr. Jackson, my sister's servant,
is come to town, and hath this day suffered a recovery
on his estate, in order to the making her a settlement.
There is a great trial between my Lord Gerard and
Carr to-day, who is indicted for his life at the King's
Bench, for running from his colours ; but all do say
that my Lord Gerard, though he designs the ruin of
this man, will not get anything by it. To the Com.
missioners of Accounts and there presented my books,
and was made to sit down and used with much
respect, otherwise than the other day when I come to
them as a criminal about the business of prizes. I sat
here with them a great while, while my books were
inventoried. I find these gentlemen to sit all %y, and
only eat a bit of bread at noon and a glass of wine,
and are resolved to go through their business with
great severity and method. Met by cousin Roger
again, and Mr. Jackson, who is a plain young man,



166a] PEPTS'S DIAEY. 145

handsome enough for Pall, one of i v> education nor
discourse, but of few words, and one altogether that,
I think, will please me well enough. My cousin had
got me to" give the odd sixth 100 presently, which I
intended to keep to the birth of the first child : and let
it go I shall be eased of the care. So there parted,
my mind pretty well satisfied with this plain fellow
for my sister, though I shall, I see, have no pleasure
nor content in him, as if he had been a man of reading
and parts, like Cumberland. Lord Brouncker, and
W. Pen, and I, and with us Sir Arnold Breaines, to the
King's playhouse, and there saw a piece of Love in a
Maze, a dull, silly play, I think ; and after the play,
home with W. Pen and his son Lowther, whom we
met there.

8th. Cousin^ Roger and Jackson by appointment
come to dine with me, and Creed, and very merry, only
Jackson hath few words, and I like him never the
worse for it. The great talk is of Carr's coming off in
all his trials to the disgrace of my Lord Gerard, to
that degree, and the ripping up of so many notorious
rogueries and cheats of my Lord's, that my Lord, it is
thought, will be ruined ; and, above all, do show the
madness of the House of Commons, who rejected the
petition of this poor man by a combination of a few in
the House ; and, much more, the base proceedings, just
the epitome of all our public managements in this age,
of the House of Lords, that ordered him to stand in



146 PEPYS'S DIARY. [February,

the pillory for those very things, without hearing and
examining what he hath now, by the seeking of my
Lord Gerard himself, cleared himself of, in open
Court, to the gaining himself the pity of all the world,
and shame for ever to my Lord Gerard. To the
Strand, to my bookseller's, and there bought an idle,
roguish French book, which I have bought in plain
binding, avoiding the buying of it better bound, because
I resolve, as soon as I have read it, to burn it, that it
may not stand in the list of books, nor among them,
to disgrace them if it should be found. My wife well
pleased with my sister's match, and designing how to
be merry at their marriage.

9th. (Lord's day.) Pegg Pen was brought to bed
yesterday of a girl ; and, among other things, if I have
not already set it down, it hardly ever was remembered
for such a season for the smallpox as these last two
months have been, people being seen all up and down
the streets newly come out after the smallpox.

10th. Made a visit to Mr. Godolphin at his chamber ;
and I do find him a very pretty and able person, a man
of very fine parts, and of infinite zeal to my Lord
Sandwich ; and one that says, he is, he believes, as wise
and able a person as any prince in the world hath. He
tells me that he meets with unmannerly usage by Sir
Robert Southwell in Portugal, who would sign with
him in his negociations there, being a forward young
man : but that my Lord mastered him in that point, it



1668.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 147

being ruled for my Lord here at a hearing of the Com-
mittee of the Council. He says that if my Lord can
compass a peace between Spain and Portugal, and
hath the doing of it and the honour himself, it will be
a thing of more honour than ever any man had, and
of as much advantage. Thence to "Westminster Hall,
where the hall mighty full : and, among other things,
the House begins to sit to-day, and the King came.
But before the King's coming, the House of Commons
met: and upon information given them of a Bill in-
tended to be brought in, as common report said, for
Comprehension, they did mightily and generally
inveigh against it, and did vote that the King should
be desired by the House (and the message delivered by
the Privy Counsellors of the House) that the laws
against breakers of the Act for Uniformity should be
put in execution ; and it was moved in the House that,
if any people had a mind to bring any new laws into
the House about religion, they might come, as a pro-
poser of new laws did in Athens, with ropes about
their necks. By-and-by the King to the Lords' House,
and there tells them of his league with Holland, and
the necessity of a fleet, and his debts, and, therefore,
want of money ; and his desire that they would think
of some way to bring in all his Protestant subjects to
a right understanding and peace one with another :
meaning the Bill of Comprehension. The Commons
coming to their House, it was moved that the vote



148 PEPYS'S DIARY. (Tebruary

passed this morning might be suspended, because of the
King's Speech, till the House was full and called over
two days hence : but it was denied, so furious they are
against this Bill ; and thereby a great blow either
given to the King or Presbyters, or, which is the
rather of the two, to the House itself, by denying a
thing desired by the King, and so much desired by
much the greater part of the nation. Whatever the
consequence be, if the King be of any stomach and
heat, all do believe that he will resent this vote. Read
over and agreed upon Pall's Deed of Settlement to our
minds : she to have 600 presently, and she to be
jointured in 60 per annum ; wherein I am very well
satisfied.

llth. Comes a summons to attend the Committee of
Miscarriages to-day, which makes me mad, that I
should by my place become the hackney of this Office,
in perpetual trouble and vexation, that need it least.
To Westminster Hall, and sent my wife and Deb. to
see Mustaj)ha acted. Here I brought a book to the
Committee, and do find them, and particularly Sir
Thomas Clarges, mighty hot in the business of tickets,
which makes me mad to see them bite at the stone, and
not at the hand that flings it. Thence to the Duke of
York's playhouse, and there saw the last act for nothing,
where I never saw such good acting of any creature
as Smith's part of Zanga; and I do also, though
Solynian was excellently acted by , yet want Better-



166&] PEPTS'S DIARY. 149

ton mightily. To Peinberton's chamber, and did dis-
course all onr business of the prizes ; and, upon the
whole, he do make it plainly appear that there is no
avoiding to give these Commissioners satisfaction in
everything they will ask ; and that there is f aar lest
they may find reason to make us refund for all the
extraordinary profit made by those bargains : and do
make me resolve rather to declare plainly, and, once for
all, the truth of the whole, and what my profit hath
been, than be forced at last to do it, and in the mean-
time live in pain : and with this resolution on my part
I departed, with some more satisfaction of mind, though
with less of profit than I expected. It was pretty here
to see the heaps of money upon this lawyer's table ;
and more to see how he had not since last night spent
any time upon our business, but begun with telling us
that we were not at all concerned in that Act ; which
was a total mistake, by his not having read over the
Act at all. This morning my wife in bed told me the
story of our Tom and Jane : how the rogue did first
demand her consent to love and marry him, and then
with pretence of displeasing me, did slight her ; but
both he and she have confessed the matter to her, and
she hath charged him to go on with his love to her,
and be true to her, which, for my love to her, because
she is in love with him, I am pleased with; but
otherwise I think she will have no good bargain
of it. But if I do stand, I do intend to give her



150 PEPYS'S DIARY. [February,

50 in money, and do them all the good I can in my
way.

12th. Roger Pepys, and Sir Thomas Crewe, and Mr.
George Montagu, are mighty busy how to save my
Lord's name from being in the Report for anything
which the Committee is commanded to report to the
House of the miscarriages of the late war. Thence
with cousin Roger to his lodgings, and there sealed
the writings with Jackson about my sister's marriage :
and here my cousin Roger told me the pleasant passage
of a fellow's bringing a bag of letters to-day into the
lobby of the House, where he left them, and withdrew
himself without observation. The bag being opened,
the letters were found all of one size, and directed
with one hand .- a letter to most of the Members of
the House. The House was acquainted with it, and
voted they should be brought in, and one opened by
the Speaker; wherein if he found anything unfit to
communicate, to propose a committee to be chosen for
it. The Speaker opening one, found it only a case
with a libel in it printed; a satire most sober and
bitter as ever I read : and every letter was the same.
So the House fell a scrambling for them like boys : and
my cousin Roger had one directed to him, which he
lent me to read. Mr. Houblon come late to me ; and
going to the gate with him, I found his lady and
another fine lady sitting an hour together, late at
night, in their coach, while he was with me, which is



1668.] PEPYS'S DIABT. 151

so like my wife, that I was mightily taken with it,
though troubled for it.

13th. Mr. Brisband tells me in discourse that Tom
Killigrew hath a fee out of the Wardrobe for cap and
bells, under the title of the King's Fool or Jester ; and
may revile or jeer anybody, the greatest person, with-
out offence, by the privilege of his place. The House
was called over to-day. This morning Sir G-. Carteret
come to the office to see and talk with me : and he
assures me that to this day the King is the most kind
man to my Lord Sandwich in the whole world ; that he
himself do not now mind any "public business, but
suffers things to go on at Court as they will, he seeing
all likely to come to ruin : that this morning the Duke
of York sent to him to come to make up one of a
Committee of the Council of Navy affairs ; upon which,
when he came, he told the Duke of York he was none
of them: which shows how things are now-a-days
ordered, that there should be a Committee for the
Navy ; and the Lord Admiral knows not the persons
of it ! And that Sir GK Carteret and my Lord Angle-
sey should be left out of it, and men wholly improper
put into it. I do hear of all hands that there is a
great difference at this day between my Lord Arling-
ton and Sir W. Coventry, which I am sorry for.

14th. (Valentine's day.) Up, being called up by
Mercer, who come to be my Valentine, and I did give
her a guinea in gold for her Valentine's gift. There



152 PEPTS'S DIARY. [February,

comes Roger Pepys betimes, and comes to my wife
for her to be his Yalentine, whose Yalentine I was
also, by agreement, to be so to her every year; and
this year I find it is likely to cost 4 or 5 in a
ring for her, which she desires. I to my office, to
perfect my narrative about prize-goods ; and did carry
it to the Commissioners of Accounts, who did receive
it with great kindness, and express great value of,
and respect to me : and my heart is at rest that it is
lodged there, in so full truth and plainness, though
it may hereafter prove some loss to me. But here I do
see they are entered into many inquiries about prizes, by
the great attendance of commanders and others before
them, which is a work I am not sorry for. Thence
I away, with my head busy, but my heart at pretty
good ease, to the Old Exchange, and there met Mr.
Houblon. I prayed him to discourse with some of
the merchants that are of the Committee of Accounts,
to see how they do resent my paper, and in general
my particular in relation to the business of the Navy,
which he hath promised to do carefully for me. Here
it was a mighty pretty sight to see old Mr. Houblon,
whom I never saw before, and all his sons about him,
all good merchants. To visit Colonel Thomson, one
of the Committee of Accounts, who, among the rest,
is mighty kind to me, and is likely to mind our
business more than any ; and I would be glad to have
a good understanding with him. Thence after dinner



1668.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 153

to "Whitehall to attend the Duke o York, where I
did let him know, too, the troublesome life we lead,
and particularly myself, by being obliged to such
attendances every day as I am, on one committee
or another. And I do find the Duke of York himself
troubled, and willing not to be troubled with occasions
of having his name used among the Parliament,
though he himself do declare that he did give direc-
tions to Lord Brouncker to discharge the men at
Chatham by ticket, and will own it if the House call
for it, but not else. Thence I attend the King and
Council, and some of the rest of us, in a business
to be heard about the value of a ship of one Doring-
ton's : and it was pretty to observe how Sir W. Pen
making use of this argument against the validity of
an oath against the King, being made by the master's
mate of the ship, who was but a fellow of about
twenty-three years of age the master of the ship,
against whom we pleaded, did say that he did think
himself at that age capable of being master's mate
of any ship, and do know that he, Sir W. Pen, was
so himself, and in no better degree at that age
himself: which word did strike Sir W. Pen mad,
and made him open his mouth no more ; and I
saw the King and Duke of York wink at one another
at it. This done, we into the gallery ; and there
I walked with several people, and among others my
Lord Brouncker, who I do find under much trouble



154 PEPYB'S DIABT. [February,

still about the business of the tickets, his very case
being brought in, as is said, this day in the Report
of the Miscarriages. And he seems to lay much of it
on me, which I did clear and satisfy him in; and
would be glad with all my heart to serve him in,
and have done it more than he hatt done for himself,
he not deserving the least blame, but commendations,
for this. I met with my cousin Roger Pepys and
Creed; and from them understand that the Report
was read to-day of the Miscarriages, wherein my Lord
Sandwich is named about the business I mentioned
this morning ; but I will be at rest, for it can do him
no hurt. Our business of tickets is soundly up, and
many others ; so they went over them again, and spent
then all the morning on the first, which is the dividing
of the fleet ; wherein hot work was, and that among
great men, Privy-Councillors, and they say, Sir W.
Coventry ; but I do not much fear it, but do hope that
it will show a little of the Duke of Albemarle and
the Prince to have been advisers in it : but whereas
they ordered that the King's Speech should be con-
sidered to-day, they took no notice of it at all, but
are really come to despise the King in all possible
ways of showing it. And it was the other day a
strange saying, as I am told by my cousin Roger
Pepys in the House, when it was moved that the
King's Speech should be considered, that though the
first part of the Speech, meaning the league that ia



1668.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 155

there talked of, be the only good public thing that
hath been done since the King come into England
yet it might bear with being put off to consider til
Friday next, which was this day. Secretary Morrice
did this day in the House, when they talked of
intelligence, say that he was allowed but 700 a year
for intelligence, whereas in Cromwell's time he [Crom-
well] did allow 70,000 a year for it; and was con-
firmed therein by Colonel Birch, who said that


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