Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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enough, considering the age we live in. This evening
comes news for certain that the Dutch are with their
fleet before Dover, and that it is expected they will
attempt something there. The business of the peace
is quite dashed again.

12th. Met at Whitehall with Sir H. Cholmly, he
telling me that undoubtedly the peace is concluded ;
for lie did stand yesterday where he did hear part
of the discourse at the Council table, and there did
hear the King argue for it. Among other things,
that the spirits of the seamen were down, and the
forces of our enemies were grown too great and many



1667.] PEPTS'S DIABY. 75

for us, and he would not have his subjects overpressed ;
for he knows an Englishman would do as much as
any man upon hopeful terms ; but where he sees he is
overpressed, he despairs as soon as any other ; and,
besides that, they have already such a load of dejection
upon them, that they will not be in temper a good
while again. He heard my Lord Chancellor say tc
the King, " Sir," says he, " the whole world do com-
plain publicly of treachery, that things have been
managed falsely by some of your great ministers.
Sir," says he, " I am for your Majesty's falling into a
speedy inquiry into the truth of it, and, where you
meet with it, punish it. But, at the same time, con-
sider what you have to do, and make use of your time
for having a peace ; for more money will not be given
without much trouble, nor is it, I fear, to be had of the
people, nor will a little do it to put us into condition
of doing our business." But the other day Sir H.
Cholmly tells me he [the Chancellor] did say at his
table, " Treachery ! " says he : "I could wish we could
prove there was anything of that sort in it ; for that
would imply some wit and thoughtf ulness ; but we are
ruined merely by folly and neglect." And so they did
all argue for peace, and so he do believe that the King
hath agreed to the three points Mr. Coventry brought
over, which I have mentioned before. The Duke of
Buckingham was before the Council the other day,
and there did carry it very submissively and pleasingly



76 PEPYS'S DIAEY. [July,

to the King ; but to my Lord Arlington, who did pro-
secute the business, he was most bitter and sharp, and
very slighting. As to the letter about his employing
a man to cast the King's nativity, says he to the King,
" Sir, this is none of my hand, and I refer it to your
Majesty whether you do not know this hand." The
King answered, that it was indeed none of his, and
that he knew whose it was, but could not recall it pre-
sently. " Why," says he, " it is my sister of Rich-
mond's, some frolic or other of hers about some cer-
tain person ; and there is nothing of the King's name
in it, but it is only said to be his by supposition, as
is said." The King, it seems, was not very much dis-
pleased with what the Duke had said ; but, however,
he is still in the Tower, and no discourse of his being
out in haste, though my Lady Castlemaiue hath so far
solicited for him that the King and she are quite fallen
out : he comes not to her, nor hath for some three or
four days ; and parted with very foul words, the King
calling her a jade that meddled with things she had
nothing to do with at all : and she calling him a fool ;
and told him if he was not a fool, he would not suffer
his businesses to be carried on by fools that did not
understand them, and cause his best subjects, and
those best able to serve him, to be imprisoned ;
meaning the Duke of Buckingham. And it seems she
was not only for his liberty, but to be restored to all
his places ; which, it is thought, he will never be. It



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 77

was computed that the Parliament had given the King
for this war only, besides all prizes, and besides
the 200,000 which he was to spend of his own
revenue, to guard the sea above 5,000,000, and odd
100,000; which is a most prodigious sum. Sir H.
Cholmly, as a true English gentleman, do decry the
King's expenses of his Privy purse, which in King
James's time ^did not rise to above 5,000 a year, and
in King Charles's to 10,000, do now cost us above
100,000, besides the great charge of the monarchy, as
the Duke of York 100,000 of it, and other limbs of
the Royal family, and the guards, which, for his part,
says he, " I would have all disbanded, for the King is
not the better by them, and would be as safe without
them ; for we have had no rebellions to make him fear
anything." But, contrarily, he is now raising of a
land army, which this Parliament and kingdom will
never bear ; besides, the commanders they put over
them are such as will never be able to raise or com-
mand them ; but the design is, and the Duke of York,
he says, is hot for it, to have a land army, and so tc
make the Government like that of France. It is
strange how everybody do nowadays reflect upon
Oliver, and commend him, what brave things he did,
and made all the neighbour princes fear him ; while
here a prince, come in with all the love and prayers
and good liking of his people, who have given greater
signs of loyalty and willingness to serve him with



78 FEPYS'S DIAKY. [July,

their estates than ever was done by any people, hath
lost all so soon, that it is a miracle what way a man
could devise to lose so much in so little time. Sir
Thomas Crewe tells me how I am mightily in esteem
with the Parl'a nent ; their being harangues made in
the House to the speaker, of Mr. Pepys's readiness and
civility to show them everything.

13th. Mighty hot weather, I lying this night, which
I have not done, I believe, since a boy, with only a rug
and a sheet upon me. Mr. Pierce tells us what troubles
me, that my Lord Buckhurst hath got Nell away from
the King's house, and gives her 100 a year, so as she
hath sent her parts to the house, and will act no more.
And yesterday Sir Thomas Crewe told me that Lacy
lies a-dyiiig ; nor will receive any ghostly advice from
a bishop, an old acquaintance of his, that went to see
him. My wife and I to the New Exchange, to pretty-
made Mrs. Smith's shop, where I left my wife, and
I mightily pleased with this Mrs. Smith, being a very
pleasant woman. It is an odd and sad thing to say,
that though this be a peace worse than we had before,
yet everybody's fear almost is, that the Dutch will not
stand by their promise, now the King hath consented
to all they would have. And yet no wise man that I
meet with, when he comes to think of it, but wishes,
with all his heart, a war : but that the King is not a
man to be trusted with the management of it. It was
pleasantly said by a man in this city, a stranger, to one



i667J FEPYS'S DIABY. 79

that told him that the peace was concluded, " Well,"
says he, " and have you a peace ? " " Yes," says the
other. " "Why, then," says he, " hold your peace ! "
partly reproaching us with the disgracefulness of it,
that it is not fit to lie mentioned ; and next, that we
are not able to make the Dutch keep it when they have
a mind to break it. Sir Thomas Crewe yesterday,
speaking of the King of France, how great a man he
is, why, says he, all the world thought that when the
last Pope died there would have been such bandying
between the Crowns of France and Spain, whereas,
when he was asked what he would have his ministers
at Rome do, why, says he, let them choose who they
will ; if the Pope will do what is fit, the Pope and I
will be friends. If he will not, I will take a course
with him : therefore, I will not trouble myself ; and
thereupon the election was despatched in a little time
I think in a day and all ended.

14th. (Lord's day.) Up, and my wife, a little before
four, and to make us ready; and by-and-by Mrs.
Turner come to us, by agreement, and she and I stayed
talking below while my wife dressed herself, which
vexed me that she was so long about it, keeping us till
past five o'clock before she was ready. She ready ;
and, taking some bottles of wine, and beer, and some
cold fowl with us into the coach, we took coach and
four horses, which I had provided last night, and so
away. A very fine day, and so towards Epsom, talking



80 PEPTS'S DIABY. [July,

all the way pleasantly, and particularly of the pride
and ignorance of Mrs. Lowther, in having of her train
carried up. The country very fine, only the way very
dusty. To Epsom, by eight o'clock, to the well ; where
much company, and I drank the water : they did not.
but I did drink four pints. And to the town, to the
King's Head ; and hear that my Lord Buckhurst and
Nelly are lodged at the next house, and Sir Charles
Sedley with them; and keep a merry house. Poor
girl ! I pity her ; but more the loss of her at the King's
house. W. Hewer rode with us, and I left him and
the women, and myself walked to the church, where
few people to what I expected, and none I knew, but
all the Houblons' brothers, and them after sermon I
did salute, and walk with towards my inn. James did
tell me that I was the only happy man of the Navy, of
whom, he says, during all this freedom the people have
taken to speaking treason, he hath not heard one bad
word of me, which is a great joy to me ; for I hear the
same of others, but do know that I have deserved as
well as most. We parted to meet anon, and I to my
women into a better room, which the people of the
house borrowed for us, and there to a good dinner,
and were merry, and Pembleton come to us, who
happened to be in the house, and there talked and were
merry. After dinner, he gone, we all lay down, the
day being wonderful hot, to sleep, and each of us took
a good nap, and then rose ; and iere Tom Wilson come



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 81

to see me, and sat and talked au hour ; and I perceive
he hath been much acquainted with Dr. Fuller (Tom)
and Dr. Pierson, and several of the great cavalier
parsons during the late troubles ; and I was glad to
hear him talk of them, which he did very ingenuously,
and very much of Dr. Fuller's art of memory, which
he did tell me several instances of. By-and-by he
parted, and we" took coach and to take the air, there
being a fine breeze abroad ; and I carried them to the
well, and there filled some bottles of water to carry
home with me ; and there I talked with the two women
that farm the well, at 12 per annum, of the lord of
the manor. Mr. Evelyn with his lady, and also my
Lord George Barkeley's lady, and their fine daughter,
that the King of France liked so well, and did dance
so rich in jewels before the King at the ball I was at,
at our Court, last winter, and also their son, a Knight
of the Bath, were at church this morning. Here, W.
Hewer's horse broke loose, and we had the sport to see
him taken again. Then I carried them to see my
cousin Pepys's house, and 'light, and walked round
about it, and they like it, as indeed it deserves, very
well, and is a pretty place ; and then I walked them to
the wood hard by, and there got them in the thickets
till they had lost themselves, and I could not find the
way into any of the walks in the wood, which, indeed,
are very pleasant, if I could have found them. At last,
got out of the wood again; and I, by leaping down the



82 PEPYS*S DIARY. [July,

little bank, coming put of the wood, did sprain my
right foot, which brought me great present pain ; but
presently, with walking, it went away for the present,
and so the women and W. Hewer and I walked upon
the Downs, where a flock of sheep was ; and the most
pleasant and innocent sight that ever I saw in my life.
We found a shepherd and his little boy reading, far
from any houses or sight of people, the Bible to him ;
so I made the boy read to me, which he did, with the
forced tone that children do usually read, that was
mighty pretty, and then I did give him something, and
went to the father, and talked with him ; and I find he
had been a servant in my cousin Pepys's house, and
told me what was become of their old servants. He
did content himself mightily in my liking his boy's
reading, and did bless God for him, the most like one
of the old patriarchs that ever I saw in my life, and it
brought those thoughts of the old age of the world in
my mind for two or three days after. We took notice
of his woollen knit stockings of two colours mixed, and
of his shoes shod with iron, both at the toe and heels,
and with great nails in the soles of his feet, which was
mighty pretty : and, taking notice of them, why, says
the poor man, the downs, you see, are full of stones,
and we are fain to shoe ourselves thus ; and these, says
he, will make the stones fly till they ring before me.
I did give the poor man something, for which he was
mighty thankful, and I tried to cast stones with his



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 83

horn crook. He values his dog mightily, that would
turn a sheep any way which he would have him wheii
he goes to fold them : and told me there was about
eighteen score sheep in his flock, and that he hath four
shillings a week the year round for keeping of them :
and Mrs. Turner, in the common fields here, did gather
one of the prettiest nosegays that ever I saw in my
life. So to our coach, and through Mrs. Minnes's
wood, and looked upon Mr. Evelyn's house ; and so
over the common, and through Epsom town to our inn,
in the way stopping a poor woman with her milk-pail,
and in one of my gilt tumblers did drink our bellyf uls
of milk better than any cream ; and so to our inn, and
there had a dish of cream, but it was sour, and so had
no pleasure in it ; and so paid our reckoning, and took
coach, it being about seven at night, and passed and
saw the people walking with their wives and children
to take the air, and we set out for home, the sun by-and-
by going down, and we in the cool of the evening all
the way with much pleasure home, talking and pleasing
ourselves with the pleasure of this day's work. Mrs.
Turner mightily pleased with my resolution, which, I
tell her, is never to keep a country house, but to keep
a coach, and with my wife on a Saturday to go some-
times for a day to this place, and then quit to another
place ; and there is more variety and as little charge,
and no trouble, as there is in a country house. Anon
it grew dark, and we had the pleasure to see several



84 PEPYS'S DIABY.

glow-worms, which was mighty pretty ; but my foot
begins more and more to pain me, which Mrs. Turner,
by keeping her warm hand upon it, did much ease ; but
so that when we come home, which was just at eleven
at night, I was not able to walk from the lane's end to
my house without being helped. So to bed, and there
had a cere-cloth laid to my foot, but in great pain all
night long.

15th. I was not able to go to-day to wait on the
Duke of York with my fellows, but was forced in bed
to write out particulars for their discourse there.
Anon comes Mrs. Turner, and new-dressed my foot, and
did it so that I was at much ease presently. Our poor
Jane very sad for the death of her poor brother, who
hath left a wife and two small children. I did give
her 20s. in money, and what wine she needed for the
burying him.

16th. To the office without much pain, and there sat
all the morning.

17th. Home, where I am saluted with the news of
Hogg's bringing a rich Canary prize to Hull : and Sir
W. Batten do offer me 1,000 down for my particular
share, besides Sir Richard Ford's part, which do tempt
me ; but yet I would not take it, but will stand and
fall with the company. He and two more, the Panther
and Fan/an, did enter into consortship ; and so they
have all brought in each a prize, though ours is worth as
much as both theirs, and more. However, it will be



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 85

well worth having, God be thanked for it ! This news
makes us all very glad. I at Sir W. Batten's did hear
the particulars of it ; and there for joy he did give the
company that were there a bottle or two of his own
last year's wine, growing at Walthamstow, than which
the whole company said they never drunk better
foreign wine in their lives. The Duke of Buckingham
is, it seems, set at liberty, without any further charge
against him or other clearing of him, but let to go out ;
which is one of the strangest instances of the fool's
play with which all public things are done in this age
that is to be apprehended. And it is said that when
he was charged with making himself popular as
indeed he is, for many of the discontented Parliament,
Sir Robert Howard, and Sir Thomas Meres, and others,
did attend at the Council chamber when he was ex-
amined he should answer, that whoever was com-
mitted to prison by my Lord Chancellor or my Lord
Arlington could not want being popular. But it is
worth considering the ill state a Minister of State is
in under such a prince as ours is ; for, undoubtedly,
neither of those two great men would have been so
fierce against the Duke of Buckingham at the Council
table the other day, had they not been assured of the
King's good liking, and supporting them therein:
whereas, perhaps at the desire of my Lady Castlemaine,
who, I suppose, hath at last overcome the King, the
Duke of Buckingham is well received again, and now



86 PEPYS'S DIABY. [July,

these men delivered up to the interest he can make for
his revenge. He told me over the story of Mrs.
Stewart, much after the manner which I was told it
by Mr. Evelyn ; only he says it is verily believed
that the King did never intend to marry her to any
but himself, and that the Duke of York and Lord
Chancellor were jealous of it ; and that Mrs. Stewart
might be got with child by the King or somebody else,
and the King own a marriage before his contract
for it is but a contract, as he tells me, to this day with
the Queen, and so wipe their noses of the Crown ; and
that, therefore, the Duke of York and Chancellor did
do all they could to forward the match with my Lord
Duke of Richmond, that she might be married out of
the way; but, above all, it is a worthy part that this
good lady hath acted. My sister Michell come from
Lee to see us ; but do tattle so much of the late
business of the Dutch coming thither that I am weary
of it. Yet it is worth remembering what she says :
that she hath heard both seamen and soldiers swear
they would rather serve the Dutch than the King, for
they should be better used. She saw the Royal
Charles brought into the river by them, and how they
shot off their great guns for joy when they got her out
of Chatham River.

18th. Very well employed at the office till evening ;
and then, being weary, took out my wife and Will
Batelier by coach to Islington, but no pleasure in our



1667.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 87

going, the way being so dusty that one durst not
breathe. Drank at the old house, and so home.

19th. One tells me that, by letter from Holland, the
people there are made to believe that our condition in
England is such as they may have whatever they will
ask ; and that so they are mighty high, and despise us,
or a peace with us ; and there is too much reason for
them to do so. The Dutch fleet are in great squadrons
everywhere still about Harwich, and were lately at
Portsmouth : and the last letters say at Plymouth, and
now gone to Dartmouth to destroy our Straits fleet,
lately got in thither ! but God knows whether they can
do it any hurt or no.

20th. Towards the 'Change, at noon, in my way
observing my mistake yesterday in Mark Lane, that
the woman I saw was not the pretty woman I meant,
the line-maker's wife, but a new married woman, very
pretty, a strong- water seller ; and in going by, to my
content, I find that the very pretty daughter at the
Ship tavern, at the end of Billiter Lane, is there still,
and in the bar ; and, I believe, is married to him that
is new come, and hath new trimmed the house. Home
to dinner, and then to the office, we having despatched
away Mr. Oviatt to Hull about our prizes there ; and I
have wrote a letter of thanks by him to Lord Bellassis,
who had writ to me to offer all his service for my
interest there, but I dare not trust him.

21st. (Lord's day.) I and my wife and Mercer up



88 PEPYSS DIARY. [July,

by water to Barne Elmes, where we walked by moon-
shine, and called at Lambeth, and drank and had cold
meat in the boat, and did eat, and sang, and down
home, by almost twelve at night, very fine and pleasant,
only could not sing ordinary songs with the freedom
that otherwise I would. Here Mercer tells me that
the pretty maid of the Ship tavern is married there,
which I am glad of. So having spent this night, with
much serious pleasure to consider that I am in a
condition to fling away an angel, in such a refreshment
to myself and family, we home and to bed, leaving
Mercer, by the way, at her own door.

22nd. Up to my Lord Chancellor's, where was a
Committee of Tangier in my Lord's room, where he
sits to hear causes, and where all the Judge's pictures
hung up very fine. But to see how Sir W. Coventry
did oppose both my Lord Chancellor and the Duke of
5Tork himself, about the order of the Commissioners of
the Treasury to me for not paying of pensions, and
with so much reason, and eloquence so natural, was
admirable. And another thing, about his pressing
for the reduction of the charge of Tangier, which they
would have put off to another time : " But," says he,
" the King suffers so much by the putting off of the
consideration of reductions of charge, that he is
undone ; and therefore I do pray you, sir," to his
Royal Highness, " that when anything offers of the
kiud you will not let it escape you." Here was a



1667. J l^PYS'S DIAET. 89

great bundle of letters brought hither, seiit up from
sea, from a vessel of ours that hath taken them after
they had been flung over by a Dutchman ; wherein,
among others, the Duke of York did read the super-
scription of one to De Witt, thus " To the most wise,
foreseeing, and discreet, These, &c. ; " which, I thought
with myself, I could have been glad might have been
duly directed to any one of them at the table, though
the greatest men in this kingdom. The Duke of York,
the Lord Chancellor, my Lord Duke of Albemarle,
Arlington, Ashley, Peterborough, and Coventry, the
best of them all for parts, I perceive they do all profess
their expectation of a peace, and that suddenly. Sir
W. Coventry did declare his opinion that if Tangier
were offered us now, as the King's condition is, he
would advise against the taking it; saying, that the
King's charge is too great, and must be brought down,
it being, like the fire of this city, never to be mastered
till you have brought it under you; and that these
places abroad are but so much charge to the King, and
we do rather herein strive to greaten them than lessen
them ; and then the King is forced to part with them,
"as," says he, "he did with Dunkirk, by my Lord
Teviott's making it so chargeable to the King as he
did that, and would have done Tangier, if lie had
lived." I perceive he is the only man that do seek the
King's profit, and is bold to deliver what he thinks on
every occasion. With much pleasure reflecting upon



90 PEPYS'S DIABY. [July,

our discourse to-day at the Tangier meeting, and
crying up the worth of Sir W. Coventry. Creed tells
me of the fray between the Duke of Buckingham at
the Duke's playhouse the last Saturday (and it is the
first day I have heard that they have acted at either the
King's or Duke's houses this month or six weeks)
and Henry Killigrew, whom the Duke of Buckingham
did soundly beat and take away his sword, and make a
fool of, till the fellow prayed him to spare his life;
and I am glad of it, for it seems in this business the
Duke of Buckingham did carry himself very innocently
and well, and I wish he had paid this fellow's coat
well. I heard something of this at the 'Change
to-day ; and it is pretty to hear how people do speak
kindly of the Duke of Buckingham, as one that will
inquire into faults ; and therefore they do mightily
favour him. And it puts me in mind that, this after-
noon, Billing, the Quaker, meeting me in the Hall,
come to me, and after a little discourse did say,
" Well," says he, " now you will be all called to an
account ; " meaning the Parliament is drawing near.

23rd. Comes sudden news to me by letter from the
Clerk of the Cheque at Gravesend that there were
thirty sail of Dutch men-of-war coming up into the
Hope this last tide : which I told Sir W. Pen of ;
but he would not believe it, but laughed, and said it
was a fleet of Billanders (coasters), and that the guns
that were heard was the saltftation of the Swede's



16C7.] PEPYS'S DIABY. 91

ambassador that coims over with them. But within
half an hour comes another letter from Captain Proud,


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Online LibrarySamuel PepysThe diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) → online text (page 5 of 23)