Samuel Pepys.

The diary of Samuel Pepys : with selections from his correspondence (Volume 4) online

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housewife, and discreet woman, though I am against
it in my heart, she being not handsome at all, and it
hath been the very bad fortune of the Pepyses that ever
I knew never to marry a handsome woman, excepting



108 PEPYS S DIABT. [July,

Ned Pepys. To "Whitehall, and, looking out of the
window into the garden, I saw the King, whom I have
not had any desire to see since the Dutch came
upon the coast first to Sheerness, for shame that I
should see him, or he me, methinks, after such a dis-
honour come upon the garden, with him two or three
idle Lords, and instantly after him, in another walk,
my Lady Castleinaine, led by Bab. May, at which I
was surprised, having but newly heard the stories of
the King and her being parted for ever. So I took
Mr. Povey, who was there, aside, and he told me all
how imperious this woman is, and hectors the King
to whatever she will. It seems she is with child, and
the King says it is not his ; with that she made a
slighting puh with her mouth, and went out of the
house, and never came in again till the King went to
Sir Daniel Harvy's to pray her, and so she is come
to-day, when one would think his mind should be full
of some other cares, having but this morning broken
up such a Parliament, with so much discontent, and so
many wants upon him. and but yesterday heard such a
sermon against adultery. But it seems she hath told
the King that whoever did get it he should own it ;
and the bottom of the quarrel is this : She is fallen
in love with young Jermin, who hath of late been with
her oftener than the King, and is now going to marry
my Lady Falmouth ; the King is mad at her enter-



1667.] PEPTS'S DIAJBT. 109

taining Jermin, and she is mad at Jermin's going to
marry from her ; so they are all mad, and thus the
kingdom is governed! But he tells me for certain
that nothing is more sure than that the King, and
Duke of York, and the Chancellor, are desirous and
labouring all they can to get an army, whatever the
King says to the Parliament, and he believes that
they are at last resolved to stand and fall all three to-
gether, so that he says in terms that the match of the
Duke of York with the Chancellor's daughter hath
undone the nation. He tells me also that the King
hath not greater enemies in the world than those of
his own family, for there is not an officer in the house
almost but curses him for letting them starve, and
there is not a farthing of money to be raised for the
buying them bread. To walk in the garden with my
wife, telliiig her of my losing 300 a-year by my place
that I am to part with, which do a little trouble me,
but we must live with somewhat more thrift. Many
guns were heard this afternoon, it seems, at Whitehall
and in the Temple Garden very plain, but what it
should be nobody knows, unless the Dutch be driving
our ships up the river. To-morrow we shall know.

30th. To the Treasury chamber, where I did speak
with the Lords. Here I do hear that there are three
Lords more to be added to them : my Lord Bridge-
water, my Lord Anglesey, and my Lord Chamberlain.



110 PEPYSS DIARY. [July,

Thence with Creed to Whitehall, in our way meeting
with Mr. Cooling, my Lord Chamberlain's secretary,
on horseback, who stopped to speak with us, and he
proved very drunk, and did talk, and would have
talked all night with us, I not being able to break
loose from him, he holding me so by the hand. But,
Lord ! to see his present humour, how he swears at
every word, and talks of the King and my Lady
Castleinaine in the plainest words in the world. And
from him I gather that the story I learned yesterday
is true that the King hath declared that he did not
get the child of which she is conceived at this time.
But she told him, " But you shall own it ! " It seems
he is jealous of Jerniin, and she loves him so that the
thoughts of his marrying of my Lady of Falmouth
puts her into, fits of the mother; and he, it seems,
hath been in her good graces from time to time con-
tinually for a good while. Mr. Cooling told us how the
King, once speaking of the Duke of York's being
mastered by his wife, said to some of the company by
that he would go no more abroad with this Tom Otter,
meaning the Duke of York and his wife. Tom Killi-
grew being by, said, " Sir, pray which is the best for a
man to be, a Tom Otter to his wife or to his mistress ?"
meaning the King's being so to my Lady Castlemaine.
Thus ho went on, and speaking then of my Lord Sand-
wich, whom he professed to love exceedingly, says



166?. I tEPYS's DIARY. Ill

Creed, " I know not what, but he is a man, methinks,
that I could love for himself without other regards."
He talked very lewdly, and then took notice of my
kindness to him on shipboard seven years ago, when
the King was coming over, and how much he was
obliged to me, but says, pray look upon this acknow-
ledgment of a kindness in me to be a miracle, for, says
he, "It is against the law at Court for a man that
boiTows money of me, even to buy his place with, to
own it the next Sunday ; " and then told us his horse
was a bribe, and his boots a bribe ; and told us he was
made up of bribes, as an Oxford scholar is set out with
other men's goods when he goes out of town, and that
he makes every sort of tradesman to bribe him, and
invited me home to his house, to taste of his bribe
wine. I never heard so much vanity from a man in
my life, so, being now weary of him, we parted, and
I took coach, and carried Creed to the Temple. There
set him down, and to my office, till my eyes begun to
ache, and then home to supper : a pullet, with good
sauce, to my liking, and then to play on the flageolet
with my wife, which she now does very prettily, and
BO to bed.

31st. Among other things, did examine a fellow of
our private man-of-war, who we have found come up
from Hull with near 500 worth of pieces of eight,
though he will confess but 100 pieces. But it appears



112 PEPYS'S DIAEY. [August,

that there have been fine doings there. Major Halsey
speaking much of my doing business, and understand-
ing business, told me how my Lord General do say
that I am worth them all. To Maryleboue, where my
Lord Mayor and Aldermen, it seems, dined to-day,
and were just now going away, methought, in a dis-
consolate condition, compared with their splendour
they formerly had, when the City was standing.

August 1st. Dined at Sir "W. Pen's, only with Mrs.
Turner and her husband, on a venison pasty, that
stunk like a devil. However, I did not know it till
dinner was done. We had nothing but only this, and a
leg of mutton, and a pullet or two. I was very merry,
and after dinner, upon a motion of the women, I was
got to go to the play with them the first I have seen
since before the Dutch's coming upon our coast, and so
to the King's house to see The Custom of the Country.
The house mighty empty more than ever I saw it
and an ill play. After the play we went into the
house and spoke with Knipp, who went abroad with us
by coach to the Neat Houses in the way to Chelsea,
and there in a box in a tree we sat and sang, and
talked and ate, my wife out of humour, as she always
is when this woman is by. So, after it was dark, we
home. Set Knipp down at home, who told us the
story how Nell is gone from the King's house, to live
with my Lord Buckhurst. Home, the gates of the



1667.] PEPY8S DIARY. 113

City shut, it being so late, and at Newgate we find
them in trouble, some thieves having this night broke
open prison. So we through, and home, and our
coachman was fain to drive hard from two or three
fellows, which he said were rogues, that he met at
the end of Bluebladder Street, next Cheapside. So
set Mrs. Turner home, and then we home, and I to the
office a little, and so home and to bed, my wife in an
ill humour still.

2nd. Mr. Gauden came to me, and he and I home to
my chamber, and there reckoned, and I received my
profits for Tangier of him, and 250 on my victualling
score. He is a most noble-minded man as ever I met
with, and seems to own himself much obliged to me,
which I will labour to make him, for he is a good man
also ; and in fine I had much matter of joy by this
morning's work, receiving above 400 of him on one
account or other, and a promise that, though I lay
down my victualling place, yet as long as he continues
victualler I shall be the better by him.

3rd. To the office, there to enable myself by finish-
ing our great account to give it to the Lords Commis-
sioners of the Treasury, which I did, and there was
called in to them to tell them only the total of our
debt of the navy on the 25th of May last, which is
above 950,000. Here I find them mighty hot in their
answer to the Council board about our treasurer's



114 PBPTS'S DIAKT. [August,

threepences of the victualling, and also against the
present farm of the Customs, which they do most highly
inveigh against.

4th. (Lord's Day.) Busy at my office from morning
till night in writing with my own hand fair our large
general account of the expense and debt of the navy,
which lasted me till midnight to do, that I was almost
blind.

5th. To St. James's, where we did our ordinary busi-
ness with the Duke of York, where I perceive they
have taken the highest resolution in the world to be-
come good husbands, and to retrench all charge, and
to that end we are commanded to give him an account
of the establishment in the seventh year of the late
King's reign, and how offices and salaries had been
increased since, and I hope it will end in the taking
away some of our Commissioners. After done with
the Duke of York, and coming out through his dressing-
room, I there spied Signor Francisco tuning his guitar,
and Monsieur de Puy with him, who did make him
play to me, which he did most admirably so well that
I was mightily troubled that all that pains should have
been taken upon so bad an instrument. I hear the ill
news of our loss lately of four rich ships, two from
Guinea, one from G-allipoli, all with rich oils, and
the other from Bar badoes, worth, as is guessed, 80,000.
But here is strong talk, as if Harmau had taken some



16G7.J PEPYS'S DIARY. 115

of the Dutch East India ships, but I dare not yet
believe it, and brought them into Lisbon. To the
Duke of York's house, and there saw Love's Tricks, or
the School of Compliments, a silly play, only Miss
Davis's dancing in a shepherd's clothes did please us
mightily.

6th. A full Board. Here, talking of news, my Lord
Anglesey did tell us that the Dutch do make a further
bogle with us about two or three things, which they
will be satisfied in, he says, by us easily, but only in
one, it seems, they do demand that we shall not inter-
rupt their East Indiamen coming home, and of which
they are in some fear, and we are full of hopes that
we have light upon some of them and carried them into
Lisbon, by Harman, which God send ! But they,
which do show the low esteem they have of us, have
the confidence to demand that we shall have a cessa-
tion on our parts, and yet they at liberty to take what
they will, which is such an affront, as another cannot
be devised greater. At noon home to dinner, where I
find Mrs. Wood, formerly Bab. Shelden, and our
mercer, who is dressed to-day in a paysan dress, that
looks mighty pretty. My wife, as she said last night,
hath put away Nell to-day, for her gossiping abroad
and telling of stories.

7th. My wife abroad with her maid Jane and Tom
all the afternoon, being gone forth to eat some pasties



116 PEPYS'S DIARY. [August,

at the Bottle of Hay, in John's Street, as yon go
to Islington, of which she is mighty fond, and I dined
at home alone. Mr. Pierce, the surgeon, tells me that
though the King and my Lady Castlemaine are friends
again, she is not at Whitehall, but at Sir D. Harvy's,
whither the King goes to her ; but he says she made
him ask her forgiveness upon his knees, and promise
to oft'end her no more so, and that, indeed, she did
threaten to bring all his bastards to his closet-door,
and hath nearly hectored him out of his wits.

8th. Sir Henry Bellassis is dead of the duel he
fought about ten days ago with Tom Porter, and it is
pretty to see how the world talk of them as a couple of
fools, that killed one another out of love. I to my
bookseller's, where, by-and-by, I met Mr. Evelyn, and
talked of several things, but particularly of the times :
and he tells me that wise men do prepare to remove
abroad what they have, for that we must be ruined,
our case being past relief, the kingdom so much in
debt, and the King minding nothing but his lust, going
two days a week to see my Lady Castlemaine at Sir D.
Harvy's. I met with Mr. Moore, who tells me that my
Lord Hinchingbroke is now with his mistress, but that
he is not married, as W. Howe came and told us the
other day. To Whitehall, and so took up my wife,
and as far as Bow, where we stayed and drank, and
there, passing by Mr. Lowther and his lady, they



1667.] PEPYS'S DIABf. 117

stopped, and we talked a little with them, they being
in their gilt coach. Presently came to us Mr. Andrews,
whom I had not seen a good while, who, as other mer-
chants do, do all give over any hopes of things doing
well, and so he spends his time here most, playing at
bowls. After dining together at the coach-side, we
with great pleasure home.

9th. To Westminster, to Mr. Burges, and he and I
talked, and he do really declare that he expects that of
necessity this kingdom will fall back again to a
commonwealth, and other wise men are of the same
mind, this family doing all that silly men can do to
make themselves unable to support their kingdom,
minding their lust and their pleasure, and making
their Government so chargeable, that people do well
remember better things were done, and better managed,
and with much less charge under a commonwealth
than they have been by this King. Home, and find
Mr. Groodgroome, my wife's singing-master. There I
did soundly rattle him for neglecting her so much as
he has done she not having learned three songs these
three months and more. To St. James's, and there
met Sir W. Coventry, and he and I walked in the
Park an hour. And then to his chamber, where he
read to me the heads of the late great dispute between
him and the rest of the Commissioners of the Treasury,
and our new Treasurer of the Navy, where they have



118 PEPYS'S DIAKY. [August,

overthrown him the last Wednesday, in the great dis-
pute touching his having the payment of the victualler,
which is now settled by Council that he is not to have
it : and, indeed, they have been most just, as well as
most severe and bold, in the doing this against a man
of his quality ; but I perceive Sir W. Coventry does
really make no difference between any man. He tells
me this day it is supposed the peace is ratified at
Bredah, and all that matter over. We did talk of
many retrenchments of charge of the Navy which he
will put in practice, and everywhere else, though, he
tells me, he despairs of being able to do what ought
to be done for the saving of the kingdom, which I tell
him, indeed, all the world is almost in hopes of, upon
the proceeding of these gentlemen for the regulating
of the Treasury, it being so late, and our poverty
grown so great, that they want where to set their feet,
to begin to do anything. He tells me how weary he
hath for this year and a half been of the war, and
how, in the Duke of York's bedchamber, at Christ
Ohurch, at Oxford, when the Court was there, he did
labour to persuade the Duke to fling off the care of the
Navy, and get it committed to other hands, which, if
he had done, would have been much to his honour, being
just come home with so much honour from sea as he
was. I took notice of the sharp letter he wrote, which
be sent us to read, to Sir Edward Spragg, where he i&



1667.1 PEPYS'S DIAET. 119

very plain about his leaving his charge of the ships at
Gravesend, when the enemy eaine last up, and several
other things, a copy whereof I have kept. But it is
done like a most worthy man, and he says it is good,
now and then, to tell these gentlemen their duty, for
they need it. And it seems, as he tells me, all our
knights are fallen out one with another, he, and
Jennings, and Hollis, and his words were, they are
disputing which is the coward among them, and yet
men that take the greatest liberty of censuring others !
Here with him very late, till I could hardly get a
coach or link willing to go through the ruins, but
I do, but I will not do it again, being, indeed, very
dangerous.

10th. To the new Exchange, to the bookseller's
there, where I hear of several new books coming out
Mr. Spratt's " History of the Royal Society," and Mrs.
Phillips's poems. Sir John Denham's poems are going
to be all printed together, and, among others, some
new things ; and among them he showed me a copy of
verses of his upon Sir John Minnes's going heretofore
to Boulogne to eat a pig. Cowley, he tells me, is dead,
who, it seems, was a mighty civil, serious man, which
I did not know before. Several good plays are also
likely be abroad soon, as Mustapha and Henry V.

llth. (Lord's day.) Up by four o'clock, and ready,
with Mrs, Turner, to take coach before five, and set



120 PEPYS S DIARY. fAugust,

on our journey, and got to the wells at Barnet by
seven o'clock, and there found many people a-drinking,
but the morning is a very cold morning, so as we were
very cold all the way in the coach. Here we met
Joseph Batelier and W. Hewer also, and his uncle
Steventon, so, after drinking three glasses and the
women nothing, we back by coach to Barnet, where to
the Bed Lion, where we 'light, and went up into
the great room, and there drank, and ate some of the
best cheesecakes that ever I ate in iny life, and so
took coach again, and W. Hewer on horseback with us,
and so to Hatfield, to the inn, next my Lord Salisbury's
house, and there rested ourselves, and drank, and be-
spoke dinner, and so to church, it being just church-
time. Did hear a most excellent good sermon, which
pleased me mightily, and very devout, it being upon
the designs of saving grace, where it is in a man, and
one sign, which held him all this day, was, that where
that grace was there is also the grace of prayer, which
he did handle very finely. In this church lies the
former Lord of Salisbury, Cecil, buried in a noble
tomb. Then we to our inn, and there dined very well,
and mighty merry, and walked out into the park
through the fine walk of trees, and to the vineyard,
and there showed them that, which is in good order,
and indeed a place of great delight, which, together
with our fine walk through the park, was of as much



1667.] PEPYS'S DIABT. 121

pleasure as could be desired in the world for country
pleasure and good air. Being come back, and weary
with the walk, the women had pleasure in putting on
some straw hats, which are much worn in this country,
and did become them mightily, bat especially my wife.
So, after resting a while, we took coach again, and
back to Barnet, where "W. Hewer took us into his
lodging, which is very handsome, and there did treat
us very highly with cheesecakes, cream, tarts, and
other good things ; and then walked into the garden,
which was pretty, and there filled my pockets full of
filberts, and so with much pleasure. Among other
things I met in this house with a printed book of the
" Life of O. Cromwell " to his honour as a soldier and
politician, though as a rebel, the first of that kind that
ever I saw, and it is well done. Took coach again, and
got home with great content.

12th. To St. James's, where we find the Duke gone
a-hnnting with the King. To my bookseller's, and did
buy Scott's " Discourse of Witches ; " and do hear Mr.
Cowley mightily lamented his death, by Dr. Ward, the
Bishop of Winchester, and Dr. Bates, who were stand-
ing there, as the best poet of our nation, and as good a
man. Thence I to the printseller's, over against the
Exchange towards Covent Garden, and there bought a
few more prints of cities. So home, and my wife and
maids being gone over the water to the whitester's with



122 PEPYSS DIARY. [August,

their clothes, this being the first time of her trying
this way of washing her linen. After dinner, all alone
to the King's playhouse, and there did happen to sit
just before Mrs. Pierce, and Mrs. Knipp, who pulled
me by the hair, and so I addressed myself to them,
and talked to them all the intervals of the play, and
did give them fruit. The play is Brenoralt, which I
do find but little in, for my part. Here was many fine
ladies among others, the German Baron, with his
lady, who is envoy from the Emperor, and their fine
daughter, which hath travelled all Europe over with
them, it seems, and is accordingly accomplished, and,
indeed, is a wonderful pretty woman. Here Sir Philip
Frowde, who sat next to me, did tell me how Sir H.
Bellassis is dead, and that the quarrel between him and
Tom Porter, who is fled, did rise in the ridiculous
fashion that I was first told it, which is a strange thing
between two so good friends. The play being done, I
took the women, and Mrs. Corbett, who was with
them, by coach, it raining, to Mrs. Manuel's, the Jew's
widow, formerly a player, who we heard sing with one
of the Italians that was there ; and, indeed, she sings
mightily well, and just after the Italian manner, but
yet do not please me like one of Mrs. Knipp's songs,
to a good English tune, the manner of their air not
pleasing me so well as the fashion of our own, nor so
natural. Then home, and my wife come; and so,



1667.] PEPys"S DIARY. 123

saying nothing where I had been, we to supper and
pipe, and so to bed.

13th. Attended the Duke of York with our usual
business, who, upon occasion, told us that he did
expect this night or to-morrow to hear from Bredah
of the consummation of the peace. Sir W. Pen and I
to the King's house, and there saw The Committee,
which I went to with some prejudice, not liking it
before, but I do now find it a very good play, and a
great deal of good invention in it, but Lacy's part is
so well performed that it would set off anything.

14th. To dinner to Sir "W. Batten's. By-and-by to
talk of our prize at Hull, and Sir W. Batten offering,
again and again seriously, how he would sell his
part for 1,000, and I considering the knavery of
Hogg and his company, and the trouble we may have
with the Prince Rupert about the consort ship, I did
offer my partr to him for 700. With a little beating
the bargain we came to a perfect agreement for
666 13s. 4d., which is two-thirds of 1,000, which is
my proportion of the prize. I went to my office full
of doubts and joy concerning what I had done ; but,
however, did put into writing the heads of our agree-
ment, and we both signed them, and Sir R. Ford
being come thither since, witnessed them. I away,
satisfied, and to the King's plajihouse, and there saw
The Country Captain, which is a very ordinary play.



124 PEPYS'S DIARY. [Angnst,

15th. Sir "W. Pen and I to the Duke's house, where
a new play. The King and Court there, the house
full, and an act begun. And so went to the King's,
and there saw The Merry Wives of Windsor, which
did not please me at all, in no part of it.

16th. My wife and I to the Duke's playhouse, where
we saw the new play acted yesterday, The Feign Inno
cence, or Sir Martin Marall, a play made by mj
Lord Duke of Newcastle, but, as everybody says,
corrected by Dryden. It is the most entire piece of
mirth, a complete farce from one end to the other,
that certainly was ever writ. I never laughed so in
all my life, and at very good wit therein, not fooling.
The house full, and in all things of mighty content to
me. To the new Exchange, where, at my bookseller's,
I saw '* The History of the Royal Society," which, I
believe, is a fine book, and have bespoke one in quires.
To my chamber, and read the history of '88 in Speede,
in order to my seeing the play thereof acted to-
morrow at the King's house. Everybody wonders
that we have no news from Bredah of the ratifica-
tion of the peace, and do suspect that there is some
stop in it.

17th. To the King's playhouse, where the house
extraordinary full ; and there the King and Duke of
York to see the new play, Queen Elizabeth's Troubles
and the History of Eighty -Eight. I confess I have



1667.] PEPYS'S DIARY. 125

sucked in so much of the sad story of Queen Elizabeth,
from my cradle, that I was ready to weep for her
sometimes ; but the play is the most ridiculous that
sure ever came upon the stage, and, indeed, is merely
a show, only shows the true garb of the Queen in


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