Copyright
Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 101 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 101 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


halfcafpannelong.andasbiggeasonesfinger, grccne like luic when it is gathered, S.Stcpbang.
and in Hue or C^xe daycs drying in the Sunnc becomes blacke.

Cinamom <= istheinnerbarkeof atrecasbiggeasan Oliuc; withleaucslikcBay- c Ganiatub
Icaucs, and fruit like an Oliuc: The drying ofthebarkcmakcth it roll together. With. Herta,U.c.is>
in three y eares after, the tree yeeldeth another barke, as before. In Scylon is the befl.
They cfOrinuz call it D<«rc/?;»/|that is, wood of China: and felling it at Alexandria,
Cz\V\x. ^ CinnamomHm. d J^utftAmi-

Ginocr ^ ^rowcth like vons; reeds, or GiaMoltu.viith a rootc like a Lilly : it is picn- '*"''" ^* ^""^

tifUl! 10 Malabar. e Ginacr

Cloucs ( grow in theMoluccos on trees, lilce Bay-trees, yeelding bloffomcs, fitfl f ciou°cs.*
white, then grecnc ( at which time they yccld the pleafanteft fmell in the world ) and
laft cif all red and hard, which are the Cloues. They are fo hot of naturc'that ifa paile
ortubofvvatcrfhould ftand in the chamber, when they clcnfe them, oranyveflcll of
■wine or other molflur, in two daycs the Cloucs would fuckc it out and dric it. The
fame nature is in the vnfpunne Silkeof China.

The Nutmegge-trce, s is like a Peach or Pcasc-tree, ind groweth moft in Bands g Nutmegs,
and laua. The fruit is like a Peach, the inner part whereof isthcNutmegge, whichis
couered and interlaced with the Mace or fl[owre,and ouer that, is the fruit likea Peach,
asl hauefceme them conferued. When the fruit is ripe, thcfirft and outermoftparto-
pcneth,as it is with our Walnuts,thcn the Mace flourifheth in afairc red colour,which
in the ripening becommeth yellow. C^rdamomtim is of three forts;the Indians vfe it in
iheir meats, and commonly chew h in their mouthcs,3s being good againft a ftinking
brcath.and cuill humors in the head : it is much like to Panike. h Lac is a flrange drug, j^ l^^
made by certainc winged Pifmires of the gumme of trees, which theyfuckevp, and
then make the L.tc round about the branches, as the Beea make hony and waxc. The
rawi.itrisof a daike red colour, but being refinedy they make itof all colours, and
therewith varnifli their beds .tables, and vie it for other ornamcnts,and for hard waxc.
t/lnr,iloz ' Indtgopovicsm Cambaia : the hc'rb is like Rofemary, and fowne as other » Indigo,
herbs, in due time pulled and dried : then made wet,and bcaten.and then dried againe,
and prepared; firli itis grecne,and after blew. Of ^ Sanders there arc three forts.whitc, j^ Sanders
yellow and red. InTymor, an Hand by laua, are whole woods of >S*W«rj: the trees
arc like Nut-trees, with a fruit like a Chcrry.but vnprofitable; oncly the wood (which
hi\[t Sanders) is eftecmed. i Snakewood ^iov^'e\.\\\n?,cy\on, and is good againft the ] SnakewooJ,
fiingingcf Snakes and otherpoyfon,amedicine learned ofthe beaft,^//, which be-
ing m continuall enmitie with Snakes, herewith healcththeirbitings. The trees of
'^Lignum liAlots arc like Oliue trees, but fomewhat greater : the innermoft part m Cahmba
cf the wood iiibclt, with blacke andbrowne veiiies, and yeelding an Oyliemoy-
fture: it is fold in weight againlt Siluer and Gold. There is another kindc ", where- „ ,, ...
with they burne their dead Brarnenes. The beft, which they call C^lamba, grow in "'"' *''

Malacca.and is vfcd much for Beads and Crucifixes. ° Ojs^aw is the iuyce ofthe heads ^ -

X X 3 of



5o8



A generoMWifcourfs of the S£a,(urc, Ghap» 1 2 ,



of blaclcc poppie being cutt.a dangerous drugge, vfcd much in Atia and Africa, which
makes them goe as if they were halfe a fleepc : they fuppbfe I know what coniundli-



u Acoii.ieA'
rem.



i Ofor. deKth,
■EmJibT.&'i.



y Bezar-ftonc,



Z Ganimh
Horlo. in Cluf.
Bxot. lib.7 e.l.
Vid.Scd.Ex.
104.

* D'ifcou.Gilv



on arid eflficacicbotfc of M^trj.andiTlfww therein : butbcingoncevfed, muft daily be
coniiiiuedon pairicof deathyvybif h fonie efcaped in Aco^taes " compaiiic by the helpe
of wine.Banguc is another receit of like vfc, efpccially with flaucs and louldiers,madc
ibcm drut^ke-noeifie, and f© to forget their labour. But what fliould I bccrc recite
:the« Caiuf horHyMiritic, fiainJtmcenlC, Twnarindc, Myrobolanes, and a world of
■orhets? '■ ; iljl ;o ' ' i ' '<)Vjn\':- .. ...'.'/jhbf;

It were aneni'lcfTcpeeceof workc, and not fo pertinent to our purpofc, tofptakc
of thcreftof ihefpices^diuggesandfruitsinlndia: Thefe (as therarcliorchicfe) I
hauscholcnfo.(asitwere)torccrfate our Reader with a walke, and howrcs-view ih
this Indian Garden. being before full cloyed with our tedious Narrations of their Su-
ferftiiioosf laitghtaddc hecrcaDifcourfeof Gemmesj asDiamonds,Rubies,Eiiic-
raldsj&c. Butit bccommcthnotmy pouertictotalkc fo much of Icwcls. Thcrea.
telt vertue in any which I haue read of, was of that which 0/or;*« *■ faith, would not
fuffcr a droppe of bloud to fall from him that wore it.who ycr.vvithout loflc of bloud,
wasflaineby agreac wcund: -and this lewell was loft by fbipwrackc, when itfhould
haue becnc fent to Portugall for a prcfent to the King. He which had this Icwell, was
called A/'^/30£irf^«'_^»if<«, a Prince of Samotra, which was killed in his fhippc; and the
Portugals rifling him, found no bloud about him.till they had taken from him a chain'c
of gold, in which this ftone was inclofed, and then he bled frefhly. This floneista-
kenoutof ccrcaincbcaftsjwhich the Siamites call Cahri^m. The y Bezar-flones are
likewifetaken outof themawof aPcrfian or Indian Goat, which the PcWians call
Taz.ar. And in the Countrcy of Pan , by Malacca , they findc within the gall of
an Hogge a ft6ne, of greater force againft poyfon and other difeales, then th«
Patar-rtone. It is though: that thefe ftonej doe proceed of the pafturc vvhercoa
thcicbcaftsfeede. The Amber is found as well in othcrplaccsasin India. ^^<er«*
thinkcSittobcihcnftturc of the foylc, asChalke, Bolc-armenike, &c. and nor the
feedcof the Whale, or iffuing from fomefountaine in the Sea, as others hold, C/«-
/<«*. tells a probable opinion of P. (Jrlnrci, that it wasantxcrcmcnt gathered in the
Whales belly.

Cjnluano * writeth of a fmall verminein Sian, which clcaucth faft to the trunke
of the Elephant, and thence fucketh out his bloud and life ; his skull is (o hard that it
cannot be pierced with a hand-gunne: andinhisliucr is faidto bee ihe iikencflcof
men and women, and hcwhichhathoneof them abouthim, is fai'c from wounds by
iron. He telleth of a tree in Mindanao ; the one halfe whereof ( which (landeth to*
■wards the Eaft) is a good remcdie againft poifon: the Weftcrne halfe yccldeth the
ftrongeft poif n in the world. There is a ftonc, on which whofocuer fiticth; fliall b4
broken in his bodic.



Chap. XIII.
<^ generall Difcourfe of the Scj, and of the Ssas in and

Fter our long perambulation of the Afian Continent, the fcainuiro-
ning doth follicitc our next cndcuours, that the Reader might there
reficfh his wearied fenfe, with a new fucccflion of Natures varieties,
and humane vanities. Andfiift, while our barkc bee made readit td
fhippe vsoucrto fomeofthofcllands, letvs (as it were on the iliorc)
take view of this,fbftrong, fo weake,fo conftant, and fovnconftanc
waterie Element. That the Earth and Sea make one Globe, wchaue elfcwhcrc fhcwed
ill the Hiftoric of their Creation. In which, the Earth being (as it feemech) at the flrft
forming of it, more perfeftly fphericall,and wholly couered with watGrs,by the power
of that Almightic decree and word (Let the waters lie ^atkred into oxe pUce, thatthi.

drie




C»An.i^ K'sm' - Thefifi^e<^l\ ^69



drie l4>td m:iy ijppj »r*/both the waters (as » fom gather) we're more cr.ndenfate,wiiich
before were more futtle, and therefore occupied more roome ; and the earth p was in ^^auuf Jr*
fomcplaces hfted vp,in othets deprcfled with decpe Furrowes andTrenches, to make p Damxfll.
ijroDirre and conuenient receptacles for the Sea ; and withali fit matter y ceidcd for the de Orth.fd.c lo
eleuation both ofMountainesaboiie the prdinaric height of the earth, andoftlVe '^'d. clauium in
earth and continent alfo in the higher places, whence the grcatefl Riuers dcritiethcir 7 •^5<2^ «'■">•



Originall, in coir.parifoiiof thcluvverand maritime partes, where thry empty them- , " ^"1""^
felucsinto theSca. This is the proper feate of the element of water,cal!cd.?(7//,7,q(7«i- q if,d.om.
f! tc^ua^of ihc cquall and plaine face anifrferficits thereof, or as LaUtaniHki with a fur- '-i 3 f-i ^•
iher fetch obferucth,*« rjuan.itafuKt owK;4,becaiifc hence ail things are bred and nou-
tilhed.Nowbecaufe waters are eythcr without motion. as in Lakes; or ofanvnifcrm
motion.as in Riuers ; or diiieHe,aJ in the Sea; the Heathen f afcribed a indem or thrire- r Jfch fiboHO'
fold Scepter to A/*/)/»w their fuppofcd Sea God. fiis.

That the Earth and Sea hane one atid the fame Center , both of grauity and gre'it-
mfle.appeareth by this,that the parts of Earth and Water falling from a high place,
wr.hout (^herimpediment.haue the fame direddefccnt: a piece of earth alio falltth
perpendicularly into the water.withequall and right angles. And that the water na-
turally inclinetb to a roundnefle, appearcth in the fmall drops thereof, which gather
thcmfelues into that forme,and by the eaficr difcerning things on iTiorc from the tops
then from the hatches of a fhip in the "^ Sea: like wile by the eleuaiion or de| rfiTion C vid.l.defac,
ofthe Pole and Starre5,no lefle in fayling, then land-traucls,to the North or South • al- Bofc clau.Mx^
foinpreuentingbrlengthning the Sunnes light by fayling Eaft or Weft, as before '^"^"'s^'-
hath beene obfenied in the Spaniards and Portugals, meeting at the Philippina%, and
differing a whole day in their reckoning, the Portugals loofing by meeting the Sunne
in their Eadernc courie,that which the Spaniards get by following him m a VVeflern.
Yea. eucn in ontdayes fayling this may bemanifeft,as^^fi>ri!<inftancethin afliipfay- RccordcgHU
ling Weft from Ifeland, in one oftheir dayes of twcntie houres getting halfe an houre
and inthe nextdayreturnihg with like fwiftneflc,loofeth as much ofthe Sunne. Yea
in Riuers of very long courfe.B^'ides that defccnt (before mentioned ) from higher to
lowcrpafl'3ges,(bme 'obferueakinde of roundnefleor circular rifing in compafTing ^ vrafRe'n '
the globe, vvhich elfe muft ticedes bt Exceedingly deformed in theRiuers of Nilus,A- hok.viliiecl.
mazones.and others which funncneere an eighth part thereof. problem nautica

The Sua fV^>-Mf/»o^7*/i/f, faith" the Pfalmift : and at BrRcouereJ thevphoU earth like &Oanx.tra5l.i
n^arment till forrhans yk^tbe drie land affeared,\^ hich for mans abtife was againe in ^'j'yf'^^'fl''^'
thedayesof Ai^o<«^couered.' AndhadnotGody fet the Sea a bound which it cannot ^ pr 1'^^ ^
fn^e^h would ((o(omciv3p(\itc'n)retfir»e to couty the E^rth {or euCT. It is his * Pirr- ig. "
fetuii/l decree, v^ho coTnmi'Mdeti.endit v/ts made.that though the vnattes tberofraae.yetthey x GftiA.i.
tannot preHaiUithoHgh they roare,yet they cannot piiffeetier. And thus many of the an- y Pr.104.9,
cient and later interpreters of ^fw^/?/, doe auerre, that the earth is indeede lower then ^ /'''f'"- 5.i*«
thewaters,as in the beginning of this Workeisobferuedjas ifGoddidby akindepf
miracle in Nature,bridle and rcftraine the tempeftuous force ofthe Sea, ^.rum omni-
nmtnHalidifsima (to vfe Bafils wordes) debilifsimaj^ arena : with Sand the weakeft of
all creatures. Thus held -^9'«/>»<?f, C^arthufiantu, Cathannm , 2ndoi[\ets. Whicho-
pinion being graiucdjhoweafie were it for the Scatoenclofe the earth in herwatriC
ftiantle.and againe to make a Conqucft ofthe drie land,haiiing fuch forces ot hct own,
andfiich re-enforccmcntsfrom the Ayrc and the Earth it felfe ? Her owne pow-
ers.cuen by order ofNatureand proportion ofthe Elements, cannot but fceme dread-
full: in which, as the ayrecxceedeth the water, and is it Iclfe exceeded ofthe fire; fo
the water to fome feemes no leffe to furmount the earth, as the loweft and leaft ofthe
elements. And what Armies of exhalations doth the Sunne daily nuifter in the great
ayrie plaine, which would fuccour their mother in fuch an attempt ? Befides that,eucn
thcearth,as it iseucry wherecompafledofihe Sea, doth compafle in it felfe fomany
Seas,Lakes,Riuers,in the vppermoftfacetherfof, asprofcfled partakers; and the in*
ward boweU thereof hauc daily intelligencc,and continual! confpiracic with the WJl- *

tcrSjby thofe fecret pores and priuie palTages, whereby it commeth to pafle^that albeit
' all RiHers rimne to th: Sea,yet theSeaisnotjilled, Andvveieit pofiible that fomany * Ecclef.i.7.

worlds



5IO



a V'id.Ztnc.de
(Jptr.&G.B.B.



pyi/.io7.i4.



AgeneraU {Difcourfe of the Sea,0'Cf , C. H a p .15,

worlds of waters fliould daily and hourcly flow into this watric world,and that fuch a
world of time togethcr,and yet the Sea nothing encrcafcd,but that (as Salomon there
faith) The RiHtrsgoe to the f lace from vrhtHCe they reinrne Andgoe ? that is , they runne
into the Sea, and thcncc,partly by the Sunncs force,clcuatcd and reftoted in rains, and
other Meteors, partly by filling the veyncs of the Earth with. Springs , doe both
wayes rcturne againc in Riucrs to the Sea, This » appeareth by the BcAd Sea, and by
the C^i^Mw.which receiuc many Riucrs without open payment thereof to the Oc«an :
and at the ftraits ofGibraltar,the ©cean commonly hath a current in at one end, and
the Euxine Sea at the other,befidcs abundance of other waters out of Europc,Afia,A-
frica, and yet is no fuller. i ;

^ix\y m^zzAzztthe wonders of the Lord in the deef,znAi\\\s concerning the height,
dcpth^and profunditie thereofonc of the higheft, dccpeft, and requiring the profoun-
deft skill to fearch. That the waters are gathered on fwelling heapes in round forme,
comparing the carth,is already proued ; which to a vulgar capacitie may feeme to cn-
forcea height of the water abouc Ibmeparts of the earth :but feeing that the earth and
waters haue one center, and height is properly to be meafurcd by difUnce from that
ccnter;itfeemethvnlikcly thatthewaterfliouldbchigherthen the earth : oraltoge-
ther equall to the height thereof, in whofe channels and concauitics it i» contayncd.
And though the Sea fwellcth, and lifceth vp it fclfc i nto that forme which beft agveeth
to that globe which is compafl of it and the earth : yet is it not capable (being a liquid
fluible bodie ) in the greateft depth and widenesi of fuch cleuatioos as we fee in high
and mountainous Rcgions,whercby the earth fcemcth to exceed the due and iuft pro-
portion of her ownc globofitie,aDd thereby no leflc to cxcell the highefi ckuation (m
we may tcrme it) of the Sea, then the eliffcs and ftiores doe thofe waters which ap^
proch them. And what iieedes a conceit of miracle in the very ordinarie conftitutioa
artd conferuation of Nature ? though all Nature if we regard it as a Creation by fupet^
naturallpower,be nothing elfc but miracle. Some indeed drcamc of I know not what
proportion ofthe elements,wbercby they would haue the water to cxccede the earth*
as before is faid : and it is true that the vpper face and yztat fhperficies ofthe water5(for
ought that is knownc to the contrary) is as great ^ as that ofthe earth. But if we comr
pare the depth ofthe waters with the diameter ofthe earth, wc fhallfinde that in moft
places the one is not fo many fathoms as the other is mil^s. Yea who cuer foundethat
fuch depth? And whereas the Diameter of the earth is by forac reckoned 6872-5^.
miles,and by fomcmore,who euercaft line and Icadc into theSea to meafure 1000,
cScfliE«rc,j8 fathom ?Yea;m«5c/»%<f>-jopinion,the earth is fo much greater then the water, that if
the raounta!nes were caft dowoe into thefe watrie receptacles, and the earth brought
d RtcCaflltM into a pcrfedt roundneffe.there would no place in it be left for the water, Record^xc-
cordeth not fo much as he,yet holdes the earth almoft icooo .times as great as the Sea
and all other waters. Andif werccciue thclewifli Tradition , mentioned by our A-
e 4 Sfd.6./ti. pocrypha ^ £fdrM,this maybe more probable ; for he faith.that (cuen in the vttcr face
^47. * * ofthe g,lohc) the waterjrt>eregatheredmtoafeuenthp»rt,a^dJtxepiirts of the earth keff
iT.Lid.difq.de drie. Some imagine f a bottomlcflc depth, paffing quite thorow the earth , through



b Ssali^Saiih
twica fo great



Or.ftat.



g tfercwod



which the Moone being in the other HemilJDhcrc.caufeth the heightning ofthe tydes,
no Icffe then when fhc is prefent in ours; which gaue no fmall hclpc alio in their con*
ceit in the gcnerall deluge: which ifit be true, addes a greater proportion to the Sfa
then we haue obferued. But becaufe little rcafon, and no expcriciicc can befhewcd
for this affertion,! will not infift in refutation. But that deluge bemg caufcd by brea-
king vp thefountaines below ,and violent ftormes from aboue, confute that opinion,
that the Sea fhould be higher then the Earth, which then might haue cffeilcd the
floud without eyther of thofe former caufes. But why doe I drownc my iiinocenil
ReadetjWith my felfe, in thefe ^ff.'^ J- of the Sea? which fome meafure by the height of

hills; others Srefemble thofe extraordinarie land-heights to extraordinary whirle-
poolcs,but feeing the Sea is tenant to the earth, which hath (as before wee haue faid)
remoucd it felfe in fome fort.to make way and roomc for it.tbe more ordinarie heighc
and eleuation ofthe one may fecmc to anfwere the more ordinarie depth and defccn*

ding ofthe other. Thefe bottomcs of the Sea haue alfo their diueifified (hape and

forme.



C H A p. I ^ ASIA. Thefift (Booke:



511



formc.asitwcreofhillockcs moiintaincs,valleyes,with the^ Accliuitics and Dedi.
uities ofplaccs.as in the fhelucs, (hallows, rockcs,Ilands,appearcch.

The faltncfle ofthe Sea Tome afcribe ' to the firft creation ; fonic, to the fwcat of the
carth,rolkd with the Sunnc ; fomc.to the faitneflc ofthe earth, efpecially in Minerals
of that nature ; fome,to aduft vapours,partly let fall on the Sea, partly raifcd from it to
the brinkes and face thereof; fome to the motion ofthe Sea; feme, to vndcr- earth or
viider-fea ''fiiesofbituminous nature, caiifing both this faltnefle and the motion al-
fo ofthe fea ; and fome, to the working ofthe Sunnc.which dra weth out the purer and
finer parts, leauing the groflcr and bafcr bchinde : as in this little world of our bodies,
the purcft parts of our nourifhment being emploied in, and on the bodic,the vrine and
other excrements remayning.doeretainc a faitneflc, Iwijlnot determine this qucfli-
oi],asneycherthatof theebbing andflowing ofthe Sea, which (fome' fay) is the
breath ofthe world ; feme , the fires aforefasd boyling in and vnder the water ; fome,
the waters in holes ofthe earthjforced out by fpirits ; fome, the meeting ofthe Eaft
and Weft Ocean; fome afcribe it to the" Moone, naturally drawing water, as the
Load-ftonc, Iron ; fon.c to the variable lightoftheMoone : a variable light they all
eiuc vs. They that fend vs to God and his Decree in Nature.hauc I'aid w hat is the true
caufcjbut not how it is by naturall raeanes cflfctSled. Ccrtaine it is,that the Ocean and
theMoone are companions in their motion : vncertaine whether the Ocean hath a na-
turall power in it fclfe, or from the Moone, foto moue: which is made fo much the
moredoubtfuU.byreafon that they follow not the Moone in all places ofthe world
alike. Vertomanmu writeth^that in Canibaia the tides arecontrarie to the courfe they
holde in thcle partes-, fortheyencreafe not with the full, but with the wane ofthe
Moone: and fo the Sea-crabs doe likewifc. In thelland of Socotora, Don John of
" Caftro obferued many dayes,and found (contrary both to the Indian and our wont)
that w hen the Moone rifeth it is high Sea,and as the Moone ofcends.the tide dcfcends
and ebbeth.being dead-low water when the Moone is in the Meridian , and this ope-
ration he found continual]. With vs alfo our liigheH tides are two dayes after, arid not
at the very full and change. About VaigatsSr.f/)Af«Sorrfl;/g6 found it to f^ow by fits,
Tery vncertaine. Scaligerp faith.that the full-Moones at Calecut caufe the increafe of
the water,&: at the mouth of Indi's (not farre then<c,in the fame Sea) the new-Moons.
But what exceeding difference ofthe tides doe we findc in theDownes,and other pla-
ces on our ownecoaffSjboth for time and quantitie? that at once in the compafleof
ones fight,there Hiouldbeboth floud,ebbe,andthefcdifFering in degrees : and that
on fom places of our coaft it fliould rife one fathom, in lome two,in the Thames three,
atjOr neerc Briftoll ten,and on fome part ofthe French co3ft,neere S^.Malos fifteene,
whereasourfliorcoucragainflit rifeth but two. The like differences maybeobfer-
Bcd between the Terrhene Sca,and that on the oppofne coaft of Barbary,the onefwel-
ltng,the other not at all heightned; in the Eafl and Well: Indies I could inflancc the
!ike,not mentioning thofe currents which hinder all courfes of tides. Further, the
floud conrinueth in fome places feuen houres,in fome foi)re,in iriod f xc. In \ Negro-
pont it is faid to ebbe and flow feuen times a day; and Patrithu affirnKth,that himlelfe
obferued at Auffcr in I iburnia in a hand-made firait of Sea water, the lame to happen
twcntie times in a day. Againe we fee thefe tide niotioiis differ , according to their
daily,wcckcIy,moncthly, and as fome addc.halfe yearcly and ycarcly alterations. All
which v.irietics cannot be attributed to one fmple caul'e, ncyihcrto any vniuerfall,
whether Sunnc,Moonc,or Natiue heat ofthe Sea, or any the like : although we muft
nccdcs acknowledge (which we cannot know) one principal! caufe, hindred or altrcd
by manifold accidents, and therefore producing cffcdls thus diuc<^fificd. Other moti-
cnsalfo maybe obferued in the Sea, as that namely which is continuall (and ifwc call
the tides the brc3thing,this may be termed the pulfe ofthe Sea ) whereby the waters
alway wafli the fhore falling on and ofi.couering and prefcntly vncouering the fcetc
offuch as ftandby,which hath force to cxpcll all Hetcrogcnean or diflcring natures,
as drowned carka{fes,wrackes,and the like. This (as that ofthe rides) TatntiHs, Pen •
cerni,Ltdy itf,Si others.attributc to a kind of boyling, which (as in a veffel offecthing
water) caufcth it thus to rife and fall,and to cxpcll the drolTe and things contrary .But

the



h The i.7?/(-(r
lowaids New-
fouridlaiid is
as a large hilly
Kegion otthc
Sca.Sec;.8.f.4
i FalTic.yamof.
I.z4.1lam:mab
i'litio faaum eft
niaTejlciitcelum
& tenn. Marix
tiitanfu-^t aqiin
^ marie de mot it
O-fallcd maris

f'ob.nii<i,Sca',
c^ -77.7)11 Bar*

Motn.Nat.cbf

l!d.di(q. BH.rC'

tat.nmr.

k UA.difq,c 9.

1 AiwlUniui

m Si'.m.Tertif^,

rcfcrtjj.fyttum

Lma&c,



11' VmUhnoi
Caft.M.S.



o £.vfr.?z.



p Some fay
.■Jri^iollc drowe
ned himfelfe
here for not
finding out
this fecret.



5 1 Z Agenerdl (Difconrfe of the Sea fire: C n a p. 13,



the heate which caufcth this boyhng one afcribes to the Sunnc, ar^other to fires in the
Sea.anotherto the natural! heate oftheSeaingendring fpirits.andcaufing rarefaction
and motion. P^mrz/^dothnotoneiyauerre this, but that the Sea is as a fublunaric
Planct,niouingit fcltc.and mouedbythe fnperiour bodies to effedt the generation ot
q Orphm. things : for v\hich caufc <l OrphcM calls the Ocean father ofGods.men & oth^r things.
The faltnefl'e thereof is (in his opinion) the inftrumcnt of this motion, and the ncerctt
r Cortes.Nitrrat. inward and moft proper cauic of marine mouings,as in the two Merian ' Lakes appca-
reth.the one whereof is falt.and ebbes and flowcs, which the other being frefl) ,, doih
r l^id Pat Pan- not .This faltnclTc (faith ^ he) with greater heate ingcndreth more fpirits in moyfture :
tofJ.zy.idy 19, the caufe of greater tides he thinketh to be the fhallovvnefle,and narrower flioarcSjthc
Jol force of the Ocean thrufting the fame molt forwards where it findes interruptions and

indraughts : the certainty of thefe motions he afcribes (according to his Philofophie)
to the foulc of the world,mouing this, as other Planets. For my cenfure, it fhall be ra-
ther on my felfe then thcfc opinions, where filencc rather then boldnefle becommeth.
t Prdu.i7.vlt, t Saea a foulc whiles he hotdtih his peace is accounted wife. And, to borrow the wordes
„ , ofafubtilcDifpuier,"^/Wf^;«, clamarefolen, nos nihil fcire ,m(txime eonnemthmc

aijijiiijitio-^u, (jȣ marts tract At motum. Let this alio be arranged amongli the vponders
tf.io? of the Lord m the dtepe^ri^^kxz-c to be admired then comprehended. '

I might here fpeakcotother Sea-motions, cyther particular or accidental!; asthat



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 101 of 181)