Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 102 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 102 of 181)
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, n.-f, J in the Open Seas bctweene the Tropikes,'' vnccrtainc whether it may be termed an
■' * Eaftcrly winde,orfon>e Impetuous violence, caufed by the fuperiour motions which

draw together with them the infcriour elements : likewife thofe currents in diuers atMadagafcaron the Af ican andin thegrcatBay on the American fhores.
From other accidents arife other motions, caufed by the windcs in the ayre ( which
fomewherchaue their fetfcafons) by wbirle-pooles.orother contrary currents, mee-
ting in the Sea by capes, indrauglits,riuers, Hands of thcland : by the conceptions 4nd
p^ trauclling throwes in the waters, in bringing forth fome imminent tcmpeft, and the

like. T might addc alio touching theOriginail of Fou'itaines, which both Scripture,
and reafon finding no other Horef-.fiicienc, deriuc from the Sea , how they are from
thence conueyed by fecrct channels and concauities viidtrthc earth, and by what
workemen of Nature thus wrought into new and frcfh waters. Scaligers experiment
to proue the Sea water at the bottom frefh, by bottles filled thereby cunning Djucrs
Or otherwife,is by Patncuis his he faith, found falfe. And this frcfhncs
At Meat nat of the fprings,notwithftanding their fait original! from the Sea,may rather be afcribed
Obfpaf.l\Q, ' to percolation and rtrayning through the narrow fpongiepaffagesofchccarth.which
Scd,cx.^6. makes them Icaue bchindc (as an exacted toll) their colour, thicknefle , and faitnefie»
Now how it fhould come to paflc that they fhould fpring out of the earth being high-
er then the Sea yea,out of the higheltmountaines, hath cxercifed the wits of Philofo-
phers ; fomc afcribing it to a lucking qUalitie of the thirftic or fpongie earth , fome to
the weight of the earth prefTing and forcing the waters vpwards, fome to the motion
of the Sea continually (as in a Pumpe) thrulting forwards the water, which expelletil
' the weaker ay rc,and followeth it till it findc an out-lct,whcrcof both by the continu-

allprotruflcnofthc Sea,andforauoydinga'Z'»?cw/»?oremptincfrc(which nature ab-
i horreth) it holdeth continual! poflefsion : fome find outothcrcaufcs. A^dM^I<^<^T'^f*

! in a Treatifc of the Orignall of Springs.attributeth the fame to vnder- earth fires, which

I nolcfrebyanaturalldiltillacionworkcth thefe waters vnder the earth, into this frelh-

nelTe and other qualities, then the Sunne and heauenly fires doe by exhalations sbouc.
I Ye3,fuch arc his fpeculaticns of thefe hidden fires, that he makcth them the caufcrs of

I WindeSjEarth-quakcSjMineralsjGemmes, fertilitie and ftcrilitic of the earth, and of

,j thefaltncfl'e and motion (as is beforclaid) of the Sea. But loth were 1 tobunicor

I' drowne my Readers in thefe fierie and waterie Difputes : let vs from thefe fpcculations

li retire our felues to the cxperimentall profites and commodities which this element

j r v J / y yeeldeth.

li ^^^,' i„il"^^i,„ Concerning the commodities y of the Sea, as the world generally, fo the little aio-

Tbeoci ' dels of the world,thc Hands (whereof this of Cjrtf4/5rjr4»»f is iuftiy acknowledged
ffi,ii:d,&e. the moft excellent of the world,foraetimc accouated antther world J hauc great caufe



Chap.iJ. ASIA. TheJjfl'Booke: 515^

to celebrate and acknowledge the famc.It is a wall of defence about our fhorcs,Grcac
purucyor ofthc worlds commodities to our vfe,conucyor of the furquedne and exccf-
fe» ofRiuers.vniter (by traftik) of nations which it fclfc fcuereth,an open field for pa-
flimes of peacc,a pitched field in time of vvar,difdayning fingle pcrfonall combats,and
only receiuing whole cities and CaftIcs,encompa{rcd,wuh wals of wood,which it fet-
teth together with deadly hatred & dreadfulleft force of the Elements, the fieric thun-
ders,ayricbIafls,watrybillowes,rockcs,{helucs,and bottoms ofthc earth, allconfpi-
ying to build here ahoufefordeath.whichbyfightorflighton land is moreeafily »-
uoyded (and how did it fcornc the IttHtncible title ofthe Spanifb Fleet in 88.and cffe(ft
thus much on our behalfe againft them ?) TheSea » yceldeth Fifh for diet, Pearles and a I'ii.Amb.
ether jewels for ornamcnt,varietyofcreatures for vfc and admiration, refuge to the hex.l.^.c.^ ,ifid.
^iftreffed,compcndious\vay to thePafiengers, and Portage to the Merchant, Cu- ^"S'.'S-
flomes to the Prince,Springs to the earth.Cloudes to the skie, matter of contemplati-
on to the minde.of aiition to the bodie ;once,it yeeldeth all parts ofthc world to each
part,and maketh the world (as thisTreatifcin part {heweth) knowne to it felfe. Su-
pcrftition hath had her Sea. prophets which hauc found outo:herfea-profits,a5for the
purging of finncs : and the Roman Diuines caufed ^ Hermaphrodites to be carried to b lul.obfeq. cV
the Sea for cxpiation^thePerfian Magi thought it pollution to fpitordoc other natu- piodig.
H rail necefiitjes therein. But of thefc in diuers places.

(I The Sea is commonly diuided into the Afediterra>:eafi 2nd Ocean: and vndcr that

I) M'd-/and appellation are contained all the Seas and Gulfes that are fcated within the
i Land, as the Arabian,Perfian,Baltikc, Bengalan, and cfpecially fuih as the Sea of So-
i dome and the Cafpian.which hauc no apparant commerce with the Ocean : but prin-
cipally is that Sea called Mediterraneatt, which cntring at the Straites of Gibraltar, is
I both larger then any ofthc reft (contayning abouetenthoufand miles in circuit) and
I abutteth not on one onely ,but on all the parts ofthc elder world,wafhing indifFcrent-

!Jy thcfhorcs of Afia,Africkc,andEurope.
The Seas bcarc alfo rhc names ofthe Countries,Citics,HilIs,Riuers,and
which they paflCjOr of fomc other accident there happened ; as the Atlantikc, or Ger-
li inineOcean,thc Adriaticke, the redde,white,or black Seasjthc Sea of Ladies, the Eux-
il jne by a contrarie appcilation.for their inhofpitalitic.

tl Buttocontradourfpeechvnto Afia, wcfindcthe Scaprodigallof his beft things,

li and of himfclfe vnto it,clafj)ing, with a loucly embrace, all this Afian Continent, fauc

il whcrealittleNcckeofLandediuidesitfrom Africa; andno great fpace, together

il withTanais , from Europe. Yea, las not herewith fatisfying his loue to this Afian

ii Nymphjin many places he infinuates himfelfe within the Land by Gulfes or Bayes,

twining his louing armcs about fomc whole countries : otherwhere (as it were) by

hoftile vnderminings he maketh Seasfirrc from the Sea; and hath yceldcd fo many I- rather may feeme'admirable then credible.

Of thofc Seas baniflied from communitie and focietie with the Occan,arc that Sea
ofSodom,largclydcfcribedinourfirftbooke. Many other Lakes alfo, as of Kitaia,
Van,Chiamay,Dangu,Guian,andthe like,as great or much greater, doe no lefl'cde-
feruc the name of Seas : but the moft eminent of all the reft is the Cafpian <= or Hyrcan c Vid-Ontt,
Sea^called in thcfcdayesdiucrfly ofthe places thereon fituate,astheSeaofBachu,&c. ScAiig.tx.'^i,
the Moores call it ( as they doc alfo the Arabian Gulfe) Bohar Ctrfun, that is, the Sea
ittclofed. It hath beene diuers times fayled on and ouerby menofourNation,paffing
that way into Tartaria,Media,andPcr(ia. Thefirftofwhom wasM^fc/^»r/;e»^ letikm. ^rit.Jmti,HaK''
y»»,i^58.whoaffirmeth,that this Sea is in length about two hundred leagues, and in Ta.i,
breadth a hundred and fiftic , without anyiflueto other Seas: thcEaft partioyncth
withtheTurkemenTartarsthe Weft with the Chyrcaflcs and Caucafus, the Nortl\,
with the Nagay Tartars, and Volga,vvhich fpringing out of a Lake neere Nouogrode,
runneth two thoufand milcs,and there with feueutie mouthes falleth into the Sea: the
South hath Media and Pcrfia.In many places ithath frefh others brackifh, in
others {alt,as our Ocean.If we hold the Sea naturalIy,or by fclfe-motion,or by exhala-
tions.falt : then the freftines maybe attributed to the abundance of frefti Riuers.which
all come running with tributes of their beft wealth to this feeming dofc-fiftcd mifer,



Jgenerall Difcourfe of the Seaj^Zp-c. C h a p. 13,

which I h£ue

d Mendel Cof.

which (for ought the world can fee of his good workes ) comniunicateth with no o.
iher fea,any part ofthat abuiidance,which the Riucrs Voigaj Yaic,Ycin^Cyrus^rii{h
Ardok.Oxus,Chckl,and others many, bring into h's coffers. And yet i? this Vfurcr
neucr the richer, Nature it fclfc holding a clofe confpiracie to difpoireflc him of his
needicffe treafures. Yea the Riuers themfelues (his chicfe Fadors and Brokers) in the
Winter time grow fc)/iinalleagC3nce,and/ro:?,(r« in rcfpcift of wonted ductie : orclfe
arc detayncd by a greater Commaundcr, thcGenerall of Winters forces,Frofl, who
then ciofeth and locketh vp both them and him in Icie prifons, till theSunne takinga
tieifrer view of this incroaching vfurper, by the multitude of his Arrowcs and Darts
chafehim out of the field, and frecth thh Sea and Riuers from their colde'fare and clol't
dungeonsjWherewith Ice their hard Gaoler had entertained them. ChnHsfhtr Bur.
rough relateth,that from the middle ofNoueipbcr till the midft ofMarch , they found
this frozen Charity oftheCafpian to their coft : being forced with g'eat peiilland
paincjto traucU many dayes on the Ice,andfcate their fhip intheSea.whichtherewas
cat in pieces with violence of the froft. Andyetis Afhacanon the Northerne fhore,
(where Volga and the Cafpianholde their firft conference) in fixe and fortie degrees
and nine minutes, from whence this Sea extcndcth beyond tlie fortieth degreeSouih-
wards. The frcnmefle of the Riuers make it thu , fubietft to frofl, which hath no power
oucr the fait waters of the Ocean J asby moft Karncd<'mcn is holden: which appea-
reth in the Baltike and Euxine Seas.whicli holding not fo full commerce with the 0-
tc:n,^nd filled with frcfh Riucrs,arc made an eafie prey to that Icie Tyrant, whofe fbi-.
CCS the more open Seas, withtheirfakdcfenccealily withftand; and although from
the mouthes of Riuers, Baycs.and Shores he brings whole Iknds of Ice into thofevka-
icvic Plaines,yct eueri vntothe Pole,fofaire as hath beenedifcouered, the Sea with o.
pen m-outh prodainKth dcfiaiice.and enioycth his Elementary frccdomc.

The Euxine Sea which is deuided from the Cafpian by a hundred leagues of land,
hath this reafon ofthc freezing alcribcd hy'Difariiis in =^^«croi;»<f,that the frefliwi-
ters which flow from fo many Riiieis,bcing lighter then thofe on the Sea fwimmeon
ihe top,3nd are lubicdt to froft.which theSea water is not. And this force ofthefrcfli
waters is common to moft great Riuers, as Plata, Zarc, and others : and in the Euxine
it is obl'erued ofPhafis by f Arrianm. The thawing Ofthofc frofts is the caufeofthofe
fogges and mifis,which lo much infci"^ thefe Seas. and are fo great a hindcranceinall
Northerne Difcoucriei, And hence in likelyhood came the prouerbe o{ (^tmmtmn
d.irksfiejfe^rzthcT then from that Hanfent which W;»/f/jo«iTientioneth (a placcofahuii-
drcdniileSjCompafled with awallofpitchie darkencfl'e, whence fomtimesthecroWcs
of Cockcs and like founds are hcard,but none dare enter) or other like fabulous % con-
ceits of the Poets. From thcfc darkc mifls the Euxine is called alfo Mare AlaurnmyOi
theblackeSea; it wasinoldc time called the Sarmatian, Cimmerian, Taurican, Can*
cafcan,Pha!ian,Pontike, and what other titles, peoples, hills, riuers, or fpeciall occur-
rents fixed on it. Of the dcfcription thereof, ^rn^^ffw hath written a whole Ticatife,
and 5r«i(;i«/ hath largely commented thereon, and ^ Ortelhm hath beftowed good
paines in that argument, to whom I rcferre the Reader. ArriAtitu was employediri
this Difcoucry by >4/^n./« the Empcrour, beginning atTrapczond ; where he fetvp
A JriaMS Im^gcznd where before chat was a Temple dedicated to Mercuric zniPhi-
/tfy/«f his Nephew. He fayled from thence defcrying and dekribing theCoafts, Ri-
uers.Cities, about the Sea. In Phahs he obli^rueth the lightncffe ofthat \vatcr,ficfhon
the top,fa!t in the bottom where it is mixed with the Sea,or rather flidcth ouer it.They
had here a lawe that none might carrie water into Phaiis, andif they had any intheit
fhips, they muft at the entrance of this Riuer caf} it forth, othcrwife fearing an vnluc*
kie and dangerous Nauigation. The watcrofthis Riuer(he faith) will laff vncorrupt
tenncyeares. ThisPhafis, fyEfchj/nf cAkih the limit of Europe and Afia. At the
left hand of thccijtrance was fee the Image of the Phatian Goddcfle , fecming by her
Cymballinhcrh'and, and Lions drawing her Chariot, to be none other th(i\Khta-
There alfo (as a holy relique) was fhewed the Anchor ofthc fhip ^r_g^«,which bccauie
it was of Iron.iccmed to our Author to be counterfeit, cfpccialiy there being the kag-
meiics of an Anchor of ftonc,v\'hLch fccmed more likely to be tliat of the ArgcnautcS,


e Macroh.fxt.
celli'iiii Comes,

i Af Periplas

g vid.Scal,

h InV&rcrgo.
See alfo Gyl-
fanto, Ammia-


C H A P.I 4- ASIA. 'Thefift 'Booke:


fo much chaunted by the Poets. Other monuments oiJafon he found none.

But to looke backc to the Strait or Thracian Bofj>horus,he there namcth the Temple
odn'pitfr Vriw. Doufa and Gyllms report the plealaiuneflc and fertilitie of thefe parts.
Here did /«r/o« facrificeto the twelue Gods, and built a Temple to them, yipollo had
Iixc Temples neere the Sttait,thc molt ancient at Chalcedon, giuing place to none of
the Oracles.two at Bizantium.and the other neere thereunto. But with thefe and ma-
nifold other antiquities, G////W/ can belt acquaint the more leafurely Reader. Of all
ihcCities along this {hore,I cannot but mention Hcradca, where were obferued the
dcuotions oiJupiter Srratms,h\s Altars,and twoOkcs, planted there in his honour by
fjerenles. ThisCitie was alfo made famous by the Legend oi Hercules defcendinqto
\ie\\oi Cerberus ^Acheroti^ind the like. Of this Citie ,^(fw»o« wrote a l'rgeH;ftoric,
fomc parts whereof doe yet remaine. CerMaftcra ftrait fiegefubduing it tothcRo-
piancs,amopg other fpoyle feizcd vpon the pyramidall Hatue oiJJerctiles, ( whom he
would haue ierue him in a thirteenth labour) exceeding in fumptuoufneflc-jgrcatncfle,
elegance : neere to which was his Clubbe of folid golde, as was alfo his Lions skinne
and his QMiuer. Many monu:7^ent» aud offerings he carried out of the Temples. Both
Msinnon and tyEli^n tcUoCDionjJins fonne of Clearehus King of Hcraclca , which
grew into fogrofle and vnwofjted degree of fatnefle, that it made him vnfit, not for
State-affaires onely, but for neccirarietun6lionsoflife,efpecially in his (leepe. From
whichto awaken him this remedie was deuifed, to thruft long needles into hisflefli,
which whiles they paffed through that new- come flefh and fatneffe-, were no more
felt then ofa/}onc,tl they came to the morcnaturallflcfliof his bodie.When he fate
iniudgemcntjhchadakmdeofCupbord which hid the reft of his bodic, leauinghis
face onely open to be feene. Alar cia»»ts Heracleotet, one oi'ihis Citic, hath written a
Pcriplus or Circumnauigation of thefe and other Seas. But left I fccme frozen iii
thefe coldcrNarrations, or to haue loft my fclfe in thefe Cimmerian mifts, I will get
me out of this Sea, and obferue the principall Hands adiacentto Afia. For if Kliould
•fier all thefe Difcourlcs of the Sea, enter into anew ,of the huge Whales and other va-
rieties of fiflics and monfters. inhabitants of the Sea, which is thought to haue crea-
tures refembling in fome fort all thofe of the land.both men and beads :1 fliould grow
tedious ; and Gefntr with others haue done it already.

"Douf.ltincr. Bo ff.


Memnonde fia-


Gcfncr de Aque.=

Chap. XIIIJ.

f^hiefefurueyofthellands tidioyningto Kyifi.i ; alfo fome
fancies of the sMutkall Burner ^ and
inclofed Jewes.

rF wee fliould fhippc our felues fortheDifcoucrieof the Hands in the
NortheaftSeasofAfia, we were hkc to finde colde entertainement. SechisNaulg.
Sir Hugh fVilloughhy with his compariie,!oIt thcmfelues in this fearch, written by
being frozen to death. Stephen BHrreughii'ter attempted, andfound himfcltc. Ha^.
out(lcarce worth the finding) Vaygats and Noua Zemla. As badde Tom.i.
or worfc hath becne the fucccffe of Pet, lack^man , and others, both
Dutch and Englifli. And the Ruffians reports to HerberHern are in fome things fo Sigifm.abncrb.
fabulous (as of their SUta Babtii,2nd of men dying euery Nouember , and rcuiuing u\
Aprill following) that a man may well fufpend his credite to the reft. What BiiUkut
inhislcttcrtoA/'irrc<«for,Hd[//f/'W in his late maps of thefe partes, or any other haue
Writtcn,wi!l,be but mcanef[.okfcmen toprocure any Reader with v$ in this North-
caftDifcouerie. Stirring therefore another courfe, andcoafting ariioiiier way to the
Eaftand South parts of Afia ; let vs take a briefe furuey of that World of Ilands iti
thofe Indian Seas,referuinga more full Defcription of the chiefe of them to the chap-
ters following ; and then proccedeto a moreleifurely view of the Arabian, and fome
of the Mediterranean Ilands. And firftin thiscourfe wee arc cncountied with the

Yy Ifland,

h Ofthel-

landsof Afia.
Bendettd Bqy-
dme and 7 .
Torcaichi hauc
written large
this lland-fub-


k G.Bot,Ben.
1 A.Pigafctta.

516 J hriefefurmy of the iJl&ndsadiqyn'm^tQ Afta^^cC H a p.u,

Tnand,or''jnandsra:her, bearing the name of lapanjtheprincipallwherof arc three:
of which more afterwards.

Some mention (beleeue it that lift)ncereto lapan ccrtaine Iflands of Ama'zons
with which the laponitesycarely haue both worldly and fleOily traffique : andwhca
a {l>ip ccmmeth from lapan, fo many women as there are men,come to the fhore and
leauc each a paire of fhoocs with her markeAvhich who fo taketh vp is her Paramour.
Thefe are fccondcd by the Iflands ofChina.which doc (as it were) hedge and fence it
in; cfwhich, there is little m Authors worthiementionmg. In Macao, or Amacan
the Portugalls haue a Colonie,but the chlefe Ifland of China is Anian, in thcGulfcof

Further from the Continent.from lapan Southwards , are many Iflands , called by
the names ofZif^«/o,thegrcater,and the leflc, rich in golde: nigh to t:ie fame is Hct-
mofa : and next to thefe the Philippinac,fo called of' Philip the fecond,King ot Spaine
by whofecfiargeand charges they were difcoucred in the ycare 1 564. Jong after that
^agellanushid\o{\ his life in the difcoueric ofthele partes. Some make this name
holdefome proportion to the Spanifli ambition, calling a'l the Iflands 'Phi/tppitu
which are betweene New-Spainc,and the Gulfe of Bengala,in all, after their account,
cleuenthoufandjwhereofonelythirtie arc fubicd to the Spaniard , zsThemM kleCit

Theybcginnc their reckoning at iV««4GK/«<e4, where firfl we fee Cainam. The
next Banda, which, name is proper to an Ifland fo called, and common alfo tohet
neighbours,Rofolargnin, Ay,Rom, Ncyra, in foure degrees to the South, w hich alone
in the world are •= faid, by bring forth Nutmegs and Mace, The men here are
McrchantSjthe women attend to husbandrie.Thc Iflands ^^^/^oro abound withRice
and Sagu (the pith ofa tree which yeeldeth Meale) where ' arc wilde Hcnnes.whichfii
not on theirEgges.but burie them a good depth vndcrihe fand, where the Sunnebat-
chcth them They haue no Kinc,but a Fifh of like lineaments.which they take in their
Nets. Gilolo hath a Mahi.mctanc Prince, and is a great Ifland ; the people arc Men-
eaters. Amboino is the name of many Hands, rude both in foylc and people , which
cateiheirowne parents when they are oldc. Dattid AfuidUton in a written Difcourfe
of one of his Indian voy3ge$,mcntioneth an Hand amrngft or necre thefe ot Amboi.
na,callcd Bangaia.theKing whereof is a Gentile. A Hollander here obtayned fuch
fway.that none durll difpleafe him. He had two houfcs full ofthe daughters of the In-
habitants whichbcrtliked him.bcfidesmany flaucsofboth fcxes. His life is mecrely
Epicurean : he will dance and fing and bcdrufike two daycs together : nor will hebt
commanded by any of bis countrcy-men. He is Collcftor or Treafurcr ro the King of
Tcrnatcinthofeparts.and fends him what he can fparc. At Banda the Hollanders
would not fuffcr the Englfli to trade : and cuery where clfe, both EafI, and Weft, and
North,and South (as may be inflanccd in the particulars) if force or fraude by flanders
raifed on our people can cfFedlit,thcy tcftifiethat gaine is more precious to them then
the loueot our Nation. Neere to the Hands laft mentioned are the Molucca, {[Me'':^
x\v\n\m,Ter»ate,Tidor^MoUr,Macbian, and Backun, famous through the w orld, as
beingNaturcs Store houfeotCloues.

Thci r worfhip is diresflcd to the Sunnc,Moone,and other hcauenly and earthly cre-
ture<. TheKingofTido eschiefe PricftcameabordtheConfent, of which fhipl)*.
uid Miadletofj waschiefe. In the Moluccas artffound thoft admirable birds of Para-
dife.oras the Portiigais call them, fowlcsof theSunne. Thc" Sclebes abound with
golde,abandoncd ot gcodncffe.peopled with Idolaters and Men-caters. The Iflands
of" Moratay arc more Northerly, where Battata-rootsis their brcad^their neighbours
fare, jn the Hands ot TarraOjSanguin.Soloriand others.

.i!.ilnthofellaods., which moicprcperly beare the Philippine title, Mindanaoisof
. yery large circuit.and hath diuers famous Cities : Tcndaia, for her excellence, was by
jhcfirlidifcoucrers called the Philippina. Luzzon incompaffcih athoufand miles, ii|
which the Spaniards haue built aTo wnc, called Manilla, and haue thither carricdcit-
tell for breed. This citie ftandeth in touttecne degrees and a quarter.
. BorneoisreputedasbiggeasSpaiue, richly attended vvith many Hands offmallet


m SeUbei.

Ch A M4- ASIA. Thefift 'Bookel 517

circuit. It hath a Citieofthc fame name, founded on Piles, in the fait water, with
fuinptuous buildings of hewed Stone, coucred with Coco leaucs. The King i$ a Ma»

The greater laua is by Sealiger called an Epitome,or Summc of the world ; rich in
many commodities. The^aial'is a wildebeaftin thi') Hand whofe bones do reftrain
thebloud from ifluing in wounded parties. The South part is Gentiles , as the coun-
tries within the land ; but towards the fhore they arc Mahumetans. Touching the Icf-
fer laua, there is fonie controuerfie which fliould be it.

Betwixt Malacca and Samatra Nature hnth (as it were) fowed that Field of waters
with Hands ; theprincipall of which is Bintam. Samatra, within the countrey, is Eth-
nikcs : towards the coaft are Moorcs; an Hand large,rich,and populous, diuided into

The Gulfe of Bengala is (as it were) guarded with a double ranke of Hands, which
Neptane hath fet as Garifonsofthofe Seas. But thefeallarc not worthy the honour
due to Ze:lan,called in oldc times Trf/>re^<?»<< , which name others apply to Samatra.
From thence, alongft the coafl of India , are feene few Hands of any grcatncffe : but
further into the Sea are the Maldiu£, fo called ofAfa/dtutfine of their number.whofe
name fignifieth a thoufand Hands; [Hieronimo da SanEioStefhano numbreth them be-
twecnc feiicn and eight thoufand) fome of which arediuided by larger Seas, fomc by
fmaller Armes; the Ocean fomcwhere with his greatneflc threatening to fwallow
them.and in other places as curious of his delightfull fcarch, ftcaling rather, then for-
cing a feparation.prouoking the paflcngers to communicate in hisfports ; who fomc-
timcs,hclped with fomeouer-growingTrcc, can leapc from one Hand to another.
Yet hath not Nature, thus diuerfifying their (ituation, yeeldcd them diucrfitic of her
riches , fauing that it feemeth heere fliee hath chofcn her chamber for the Palme, or
Coquo.Nuts , which in other places (he hath, in comparifon, but fcattered, here fto-
red,thatby this ftorcthepcoplemightfupply all their other wants. Yea, bcfidesthe
land-Coquo,thcrcgrowcthanothervnderthc water bigger then the formerja fpe-
ciall Antidote for poyfon. The Inhabitants arc addiftcd to fubtiltie and forcerie,and
in the Hands next to the Continent, Moores beare fway ; in the reft, Pagans. Other
Hands of fmaller reckoning, we reckon not. Diu hath long beene famous for the
warrcs therein, vainly attempted by the Turke and Indians againft the Fortrefle of the

The Perfian Gulfe hathleftfome remnants ofLand extant; thcchiefeis Ormus, 2
famous Mart, which the Moores there maintained, vnder the gouernment of a Moore,
after made tributarie to the Portiigall ; which Nature hath made barren , Induflrie

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 102 of 181)