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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 107 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 107 of 181)
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dore and Batian haue their peculiar Kings. This people haue the power to cle^ttheit
King.fo that they choofe one of the roy all and ancient family. The King of Ternaj^
Calleth himfelfe King ofGilolo,whercofhe hath but a part, and that by conqued. l\k
birds of Paradife (faith this Author) haue two feet as well as other birds ; but as fooW
as they arc taken, they arc cut ofF,with a great pan of their body .whereof a little is left
with the head and necke, which being hardned and dried in the Sunne, fecmc to be fd
bred. The Moorcs ^ made the llandcrs beleeue that they came out of Paradife , and
therefore call them Afanucodiata, or holy birds, and haue them in religious account.
They are very bcautifull,<vithyarietie of feathers and colours,

Amboyna bringeth forth Orengcs, Citrons, Limonj, Clones, Coquos, Bonana's,
Sugar-canes,andothcrfruitcs,.beinga very fertile Hand. The Inhabitants arc fimple,
line fparing!y,and arcattired like other the Moluccans. They fpend much Rice,wher-
ofthey make loaucs like Sugar-loaues. They haueGallies^ after their manerforraed
like Dragonsjwhich they row very fwiftly: they call them KarkiUen, The Admirall
came to the Hollanders witKthree of thefc,fijll of armed men , which towed round a-
boutthem,expreflingroanifoldfignesofioy with Songs and Drums; the flaues (ing-
ing as they rowed. They had three pieces of Ordinance in euery Galley , whicb'thcy
dilcharged.anfwercd in that kinde by the Hollanders, But two of the Holland-fliipi
not finding fufficientftoreofcommodities for them alljwent to Banta,pafring by Poel
Setto.an Iflandnot inhabited,bearingNorthweft from Banta fiuc Dutch milcs.They
fay it is inhabited ofDiuels, and whofoeuermuft paflc by , maketh all pofiible haft ttf
be gonc,much affiightcd cyther by felfe-fancies,or diuellifli impoftuie.%

Banta is foure and twentie Dutch miles from Amboyna, and diuided into three
parts,which comprehend fiuc miles. ThechiefeCitic isNera. In this Ifland arc mote
ftorcofNutmegs then elfewhere in the Moluccas : for which caufe theyrefort hither
from Iaua,China,and Malacca, They profeflc Mahumetifmcfodeuoutly,th3ttheyne*
uer goe to their Watches before they haue prayed in the Mefquit, whereinto they en-
ter,bcingfirftw=flied (after the Mahnmetane manner) but pray fo loudc, thatthcy
may be heard a great diftance : their wordcs ofpvayet itcStcffrel/a,Steferella; Jfcc-
had an la, y4fcehad an U ; Tlla,j4fcehad An la ; Tlll»Ua,yll lolla^Mahumeddte Ro/k/Im :
At the pronouncing of which laft wordcs.thcy ftroke their handes ouer their face ; in
which gefture they thinke is much holinefle. Other prayers they mutter ouer vetic
fbfdy,with little mouing their lips. They ftand vpon Mats,and lift vp their eies twice
or thrice to heauen : after which they kneele downe, bowing their head twieeot
thrice to the earth. Thus they doe often cuery day, both at home and in the ftreetci.

They



Chap.17' ASIA. The fife 'Booke^- 535^

Xhey liaue their publike meetings and Bnikccs in their Temples very oftcn,euciy one
bringing his part ofthe cheere : which fomctimes they doe'inthe Woods a hundred-
in a companie. At ihclc times they contiilt ofpublikc affaires.

They hauc Ciuill VVarres, Nera and Lontoor holding together againft three other
Towncs. Two little Hands, Polleruip and Poclvuay tajjc part with Nera , and Vvhcrt
occafion reqiiireth, come thiihcr with their Boatcs to conlukation, where they arc
entertained in publike FeaUs: the manner whercofis, that they fiidowne in order j
inftcadof aTableeucryonehathapieccof alcafe of the Booanas Tree : then i? fee
before each a piece of Sagu bread, alter that, a di{h made ofthe icafc of anotherTrce
wiih a little foddcn Rice and FUni-pottagc, which they hurlc by handfu's into their
mouthes.deuo'Jring rather then eating the fame. Inthe meancwhile theGcntlcnien
arife with their weapons, and exercifc thcmfclue'; in Martiall Games , with Daunces,
The quarrell betwixt tlicfelllanders grew about the cutting of certaine Trees, from ^
whence it is come to cut and kil one another with cruel butchcries.They cxercife Sea - '
liohts in their Caracor.-e, or Galeots, with great dexterity, with great fhtuts and cries,
iheGentiemcn dancing on the Hatches very afliucly. They are very bloudy and bar-
barous, yet burie the heads of their enemies with fwect Odours. If any of their friends
<iie,the women made a fliriil and loud crie to call him againe; which not cffcded.thcy
prouidcagreatFeall, whercunto alhhc kindred and friends ate inuitcd. Theyburic
them almoft after our fafhion , in a white fheetc, the corpesbeingcaricdon mens
fliouldersjtbemenfiift, and'womcn after, following. A Ccnicr is there left fuming
allthedayand night;' a»din the night they keepealight burning inalittle Houle,
which they haue let oiisr the Graue. In the morning and cuening all of all fortes come
and fay their Prayers a long while together at theGraue: and being asked wherefore?
they faid, That the dead ftiobld not arifc againe. They haue a play with the ball, exer-
cifed bymauy ofthcm.inotiasamongft vs with the hand, but with their feet, toffin'^
the fame vp into the Ayr«, aivd taking it one ofanothcr with admirable Height.

Before we Icaue thci'e Moluccas and their dependant Hands, wc may conclude with
a Tragedic, wherein blinde Superllition, and beaflly cruekie , were principail Aftors.
When/WfWtf/oJ'wasGoisernourof thePortugall Fort in Ternate, heekeptaSow, ^rtHi/? Tarf
which fome ofthe deuouterMahumetans killed. He getting the chiefe Prieft (accef- orumJaM^.'
forie to the ta<ft) into the Caftle, at his deliucric madchis fucc bee greafcd with Bacon
by the laylor, which caufed the people to offer abufcrofome Portugals, Mcnef.us
in rcucnge cut oft'the handes of two ofthem, the third had his handes bound beliindc
him.and wasbayted wkhtwoDoggeson theSea fhore : which his implacable ene-
mies tranljwrted him into like dogged humour (though hcc were not with //fc«^4
transformed into the fliapc) infomuch, thatfaftening with his teeth on oncof their
cares, he held tali till hi^ ftrcngch failing, he funke iuEo the Sea with the Doggc , and
was drosvncd;- . • -

In Selebci they t'eate mans flcfii.'^The King of the Moluccas was wont to fend bod.Badofa.
condemned pcrfons to Cclcbes,to be deuourcd.lSljco/aKf Nuwet wr'neth that Sclebcs cHali^-to/n.i,
is very large and contayncth many and great Hands : the foilc is exceedin" fertile; the
Inhabitants comely and tall.rathcr rud. lie then blacke. They haue manic Kings, which
is caul'e of many contentions. Three of them were coniierted. Peter ALifctircmA
in a letter dated a thoufand fiue hundred (Ixtie nine, Jjocakcth ofa Kin" of Siou in 5'f/?-

i«,vihich was baptizcd^andhis I'ubicAs therforcrebtiied againft him.oneTownc on»
lycxcept: and that hcc andthe King ofSanguim did take vp aCrofTe onthcirownc
flioulders which the chiefe men had before hevi en of a fairc piece of wood , and hel-
ped to ereft the fame, and then with the multuude kneeling downe woifliip-
pcd it. • •■ .

Southward of Celebes is ftuated a little Hand , where Sir Fr^«w Br.^/te. graued
his Shippc. This Hand is throughly growne with Woods, in which cucry ni"htcer-
taine fierie Flycs made iuch a light as if cucry iwigge or tree had becnc a burning
Candle, Here they found Battes as biggc as Hcnncs, and plentieofCray-fifhcsio
great, that one would fuflice fourc men to their dinner they digged themfelucs holes'
in the Earth hkc Conies.

A 3 a Frotn



I



j^o OfthefhilippmS' CHAP,iy,

From hence they faylcd to laua; of which name AI- Fan/tu and 7{(c.di Couti rec-
kon two great Hands, afcribing to the one two thoufand, and to the other three thou-
fandmyles in circuit. Theleirc isnecre to thcfirmc Land of the South Continent,
where Beach, and fomc other Prouinccs, are named by Pauius and ^enomaunus, of
Heathcnifh Supcrftitions, The Icfle lauahadiu the dayes of J/. P4«/«i eight King-
domes in fix of which himfelfe had beene, which he namcth; Felech, wherein the rural
inhabitants were Idolaters, the Citizens Moorcs : the Idol- worfliippcrs cate any flcflj
vvhatfoeuer,ofman, orbcafl, andobfcrue alldaywhat they firftfeeinthetnorning.

■AM.Pituluslrj, Baima ' the fecond, acknowledged the great Chants Soueraigntic , but payed him no
tribute. Here were certaineVnicornes, headed like Swine, footed like an Elephant,
with one home on their forhcads (with which they doe not hurt any, but to that end
vfecertainepricklcs that grow on their tongues;) They delight alfo in the Myie like
Swine. HerearelittleApcs, muchrefcinbliiig men in their countenance, whichthey
«. vied toprefciuc with certaine Spices, hauing flayed off theirskinnes,and left the hairc
growing in thufe parts, where Nature caufcth men to bee hairie.and fell them toMcr-
chants, to be carried oucr the World as the bodies of little men; happily the ondy true
Pygmies the World yecldcth. In Samara, the third of thofeKingdomcs, none of the
Nonh-flars can be fccnc. They are Man-eaters, and Idolaters; but not fo brutifli asio
Dragorian , the next Kmgdome : where, if a man bee fickc, his kinfmcn confult with
ihcir Sorcerersjwho enquire of the Deuill, Whether he fliall cfcape, or no ? And ifthc
anfwcre be Negatiue, they fend for certaine men. fpecially defigned to that vilhnout
Myfterie, which ftranglc him; and then they drcfle and eatc him amongft the kindred,
cuen to the very marrow in his bones. For (fay they) if atiyflcfh ftiould remaine.it
would putrific, and wormcs would breed thereof,wbich after (for want of fuftcnanct)
would perifh, whereby the foule of thedead partie would bcimuch tormented. The
bones they bury fafely.that no beaft fhould touch thcm:fu<:hjdrcad hauc they of beaflj
and crueltie, in a more then bcaflly crueltic, and fuch a care to obferue humaniticand
pietie in a moft impious inhumanitie. Lambri; the next Kingdome, hathinitfome
men with tayles, like dogges, a fpanne long. The laftis Fanfur , where they liueof
bread made ofpith of trees, the wood whereof is hcauie , and finkcth to the bottome,
it it be put in water^ like yron, and therefore they make Launccs thercof,able to pierce
A-imour : for it is thrcc-fingersthickc betwixt the hollow and thebarke.

To let paflc Pcntan,Sondar,and other Idolatrous Iflands.and come toIauaMaiot:
This Countrie is very rich, but in times paft of moft abhominablc cudomt. VJc.Ctnti

t; diConii, fayth. That they feede on Cats, Rats, and other vermine, and were moft vile murthe-
rers, not flicking to make tryall of the good cuttmgorihruft of their blades ori the
ncxtbodie they met with, and that without punifliment, yea (ifthc blow or thruft
weredeliucred with fine force) with much commendation, f^ertomanmu^ zffitmeih

hyer Lib 6 ofthem, that feme obferue Idols, fome the Sunne or Moone, others anOxe,andn)a-
nie the firft thing they meet in the morning, and fomc worfliip the Deuill. Whenrocn
were old, and not able longer to vvorke,their children or parents carried them intothe
market, and i'old them to others, which did eate them. And the like they skA with the
younger fort in any defperate fickneffc , preuenting Nature with a violent death, and
cfteeming their bellies fitter fepulchres then the earth, accounting others fooles which
fuffcred the wormcs to deuoure io pleafsntfoode. For feareofthefe man-eaters they
ftayed not long there. It fcemeththat they hauc much left their brutifh cullomes,
fince wone to more ciuilitie by trading of the Moores and Chriftians, efpecially fuch
as are of the Arabian Law ; although , as our owne Countreymen report .which hauc
there liued, a rnans life is valued to the murtherer at a fmall fumme ofmony. They arc

* ^"^^' a proud Nation : "^ If a man fhould come in where they are fet on the ground after their

manner, & fhould fit on a Cheft or high thing, it were as much as his life were worth.

A Gio,Bot.Ben. When they arc ficke,'i they vow vnto God, vpon their recouerie, a more honoura-
ble death, which they performe after their recouerie, by the murtherous hand of fomc

eOJ.Barbofa. other vpon them.They arc ^ great Inchanters, and obferue houres.and fitting minutes
and moments of time, forcompofing their Blades and Armour.of which they are con-
ceited, that, being tempered with their CharmesandSupcrltitioiis, with the ieaft

drawing



C H A P. 17. ASIA. The fift 'Booke. 541

drawing blond of another, they will kill him; themfeluesJn their inchanted Armour,
fafefrom others blowcs. They abide in expectation of thefe martiall minutes, for
their coniured Armours, fometimcs eight or temicyeares.beUirc they can fiuifl-i them.
The Tauans ' fay.Thst their Aunccftors came from China , which Countrcy they for- anarJeciJg,
fookc.becaufe of the tyrannie wherewith they wereopprcfled.and in great multitudes "M. of the
peopled this Ifland. They wearc their haire and their nailes long. They are dutlfull to Holiandeis na-
their fuperiours.The great men ftirre not forth, without a great troupe oftoliowcrs. "hrfFanrr"-"
They arc feldome idle.much bufied about their Scabberds and Weapons, which they jf^ctm^Anhxl,
vfetopoyfon. They are not without their Weapons night or day, which they will not theDu'tch Hi!
fuffer another man to touch, Theyarefo eager of reuenge, that they will prefle on ftone,ofGr««e
their aducrfariesweaponjdrawing it through their owncbodie , to kill him that hath Maurice,
wounded them. They haueMahumetane Temples , where they doe their deuotions
with "reat filence. They acknowledge I e s v s, Afaho»jet, Danid, and Mofis, fourc
Prophets. They obferuc their houres.and two Fafts, or Lents. The great mens wiu^
ncuer "oe out of the doores to be feene.Thcir Cities arc Ballambua,and Panarucan (a
little fr^in whence is a burning Hill.which firft brake forth i j 8<5.and oppreficd infini?
numbers of men,and cart great ftoncs into the Citie/or three dayes fpace making one
continued night of darknelfe) Paflarua, the King wherof married the King of Ballani-
buas daughtcr.and the fecond night after he had lyen with her,{lew her and her atten-
dants.becaufefhe would not turneMahumetanc. Ioartam,Surrabaia,Tuban,Matara,
are alio royall Cities jas are Daunia.Taggal, Charabaon ,and many others. But Ban-
tam is ofniolhrafficke/rcquented by Portugalls,Dutch, and Englifh, in which cuerie
day are three feuerall Markets. HereMarchants, when they come may buy a Wo-
man for thorfiefhly and Worldly bufineffe (you may addethe Deuill too, make vp
the number) which at their departure they ie 1 againe. Publike affaires are treated and
handled by nightjat which time the Counfellors of State meete,and afcend fomc tree,
or the roofc of the hou fc, viewing the Hcaucns till the Moonc aiifcjand then goc into
thcSenat-houfe. ^

- Not farre from Bantam bUuecertaine of the Paflarrans, which being there opprcf- tJniT^"''s
fed by their King, came hither, and hcerc obtained a piece of ground, to builde them a. Udam ' ''
Citiewhichis called Sura. They hauc a King or Gouernour , and liue quietly , fol- N^iiJatau.
lowing Husbandrie: they catc nothing that hath life (acommonSuperflitionof the iSs^.ap.De
Indians) weare white Clothes of Paper, made of the leaues of Trees, and ncuer marrie ^'W-^^-S-f -JJ.
(herein refembling the Ic wifh Eflces) yet neut r want fucceeding generation: Many of
the lauans daily confecrating themfelues vnto their Societie. The Chinois in laua doe
fometitnes bring vp Crocodiles, and eat them.

TheKingofTubart<:istherichcftKing,and mightieftinalllaua.Theyhauemany cBitib,Stebxut^
Horfes,3ad mike great account of them,decking them with gallant furniture of Gold,
Siiuer. and the counterfeits of Dragons and Deuils oniheir Saddles : they ride ami
tnanasetheirHorfes with great skill,

Madura is North from laua, a fertile Ifland of Rice , the foyle whereof is fo moift
and waterifh, that their Buffaljs and men goe almoft knec-dcepe,when they fow it. A-
losbay is the chicfe Citie. They arc thecuifh, and giuen to fpoyle, and captiucd many

6fthcHolIandcrs,whichvventthitheronfliore,tobuy commodities; which they were '

forced to redeeme at a decrc rate. In thefe parts,arcBattes as bigge as Heiines, which

the people ro(t and eat. j^ „ '

1 he Jilandbaly is halt rrom laua, vene populous, containing ( as is thought) fixe Cor.Ceurdi.
hundred thoufand inhabitants; they are Ethnikes, and worfhippe that which they firft
hicetinthemorning.HereandinPuIoRoffathe women are burned with their dead
husbands: one manij laid'' tohauehadfifticof hiswiues (for they marrie as many as ^l . , #■-.
they pleale) burned with him, whiles the Hollanders werethere.The Ifland hath many uak um\ par
Buls,Buifals,Goats,Swine,Horfe,with many kindes of Fowles, Fruits, and Mettalls: 8iz.
The chicfe men are carried by flaues on feats borne on their flioulders , or elfc in Cha- "Heutman faitb
riots drawnc with Buffals. hewas aliue

, IntheVoyag€ofM.Tj!^tfw<M CW//7pe is mentioned madeofalauanKing, called |^^^|"PP°'=*
^rtcvj^.j/ew^/jw, very aged, *vvhich had a hundred wiues, and his Sonne had fifcie old.

Aaa 2 Their



542. »/« JppendiXjOr addition to thejixt Qhapter^<i!rc. Chap, i 7.



Their cviftom is,that when the King dieth.they burn the bodie,and prcfcruc the adics.
Fiuc dayes after.the wiues of the dead King goe to a place appointed , and there fhec
which was dcereft in his fauour.throwcth a ball from her ; and where that ball relkth
thither they goe all,and turning their faces Eaft ward, ftabbe themfelues with a Crift
or Dagger to the heart They arc very refolute people,and dread no attempt which the
King fliallenioynethem,be it ncuerfo dangerous. All the race of this K\ng'BaiUm.
boam was rafed and vttcrjy dcftroyed by the Pafl3ruan,afcer a long fiege: which warre
was begun in the blond ofthc King of i5<?//-«w^«/»»»/ daughter, whom hec flew as is
before (aid, and added this DruHkenneffii vtito his thirfi.

fe Hiuig.olmr lortam.orloartam'', containethaboutathoufandhouHiolds. The Inhabitansare
7{Q»rt, Ethnikes,and haue their Temples in Woods,to which they rcfbrt to fay and doetheir

Holies at noone,bcfore their deformed Diucll-formcdT^^c^r/. In this Citiedwellcth
thcchicfcPope.orHigh-Priclt.ofthatSuperftition , whofc authority is great in all
ipofe parts. He was a hundred and twentic yearcs olde , and had many wiues which
nourifhed him with theirmilke, being not able to takeothcrfuflenancc : a deadlye-
nemietotheChriftians, whonuhe King did yet with fome priuiledges fauour. Ed*
mundScotvimci\\ that they vfe in Bantam martialllawe : adulteric is death. The free
lauan muft to cuery wife keepc ten women-flaues, which arc their Concubines alf&:
fomckeepcfortie. But they may haue but three wiues.They are proudc and(bythit
multitude offlaucs)poorc : crucll and cowardly. Their C^ijfes or Daggers are two
fooce long waued Indenture fafliion, and poyfoned, that few cfcapc. The vulgar fort
haue little Religion,but many pray to the Diuell (whom for that end they haue pain>
ted in their houfcs, and fet Waxe Candles & fing before them) for feare of hurt, which
theydoenottoGodbecaufcofhisgoodneflc. Thcmoft of their worke is to caiue
flickes for their Cnfe handles. They arc coufncrs,thecue5,idIc,gluttons; take Bctele,
Ot^ium,Tobacco. They haue diucrs fedts, yet moft arc in manner Athcilts. Manie
Chinois dwell there ; fome thinkc.that ifthey be good, they fhall be borne againc af.
ter death to great riches, and that wicked men fhall be turned into Toads or other vg.
ly beafts, Euery New Moonc they burnefacrifices,and(ingoucr them certaine pray-
ers, in the meane while tinging a bcll,which at the end of eucry prayer they ring out:
which is alfo their Palfing-belicercmonic, when any are rcadie to die. They fornifli
their Altars with Goats, Henncs,Duckcs,fometime$ raw, and fbmctimes ready drcf-
fed, all which they eatc : oncly certainc papers painted and cut out in curious workej,
they burnc. Many of them haue fome skill in Agronomic. They kecpc no Sabbath,
but what day they begin any great worke they after kecpc holy . They banc Soothfay-
ers which fometimes runnc vp and downc the ftrects like nisdde iften, with fwordsin
their hands, tearing their hairc^and throwing themfelues aga'nft the ground. Chinois
cut not their haire.for then they may not returne to China, They buy flaues , and gee
children ofthem,which they Carrie with them to China, but fell the mother. The
1 HSMtrntn. ' Moores,if they be great men , haue Mofchees in their owne houfes : they haue one
great one in the Citie. Forreiners (whereof are many from many places) inhabrte the
Suburbes.They buy by night diftillcd wines ofthe Chinois.and drinkc it fecrctly,be«
ing forbidden it by their Mahumctan law. It was about the ycarc i y^o.that this peo-
ple became of that l~e^. The men and women pafle their time day and night in much
flothjdalliancc,and chewing Betele, Eficurtde grege forci.

An Appendix Or. Addition To The SixtChap-
ter, of fuch things as fincc the printing thereof
came to my handes , touching the M o-
GOLerMo GOR, (^c,

AS T was fWj^^ for this Iland-voyagcS ready to fet failcforSamatraJknoWnot
what contrary winds and currents haue driucn me on ftiorc in the Gulfe of Ben-
gala,o.i the continent fubicdl to the Great Megor (of whom you haue heard) thereto
take a rcuicwofhisGtcatneflc with the eyci of later (almoft too late) intelligcDcc,

So



CHAP.ly. ASIA. The fift ^ooke, 5^3



So it is that ^{^ W/fow Harvkins •" being Captainc in the fhip called the He^or, after
a long and tedious voyage (from March idoy.tothe tbure and twentieth of Auquft J^r cL''u°"'7i^
jo'o8.) arriued at Surat.fubica to the Mogor,oi: Mogoll(io he calleth him ) and aVter w.'utcn by"'' '
iniichkindncfleoffercd,and indignities fufFcrcd, by reaion and treaibn of the Portu- himfelfcwas
galIs(whohad by bribes and (launders wrought the Vice, roy or Dcputy.calied ^o- communicatee!
rrir^C-!!<<«againft him) paffed thence to Agra, to the Court, asEmbafladour, with a t°""^''ythe
Letter from the King of England. /'^««?-» a leiuite, before in this bookc mcmjoncd iWu)^^°rt
(obfcructhe CemerJieniSi conuerfations ofthatfocietiein thofeparts)Iikcaworthy Smth.
Fatftorforhis Nation, had profered to yl/oirrf/^-C*«»forticthoDfjir.d Rialls ofcight, to
fend him to'Z)rfW4«,thatfo he might become theirprifoncr, and theEnglifhneootia-
tion might be hindered : and now,whcn the name of an Embafladour had proteded
him from fuch courfcs,plotted with him to ouerthrow his iourney, both by detradi-
on ofnecefTarie forces to affifi him in a way fo full of out-lawes and rebels, and fubor-
ning his Trudge.man and Coach-man, to poyfon or murder him by the way; which
was not farre fromcffeiiing. The Portugals had alfo dealt with the Lord of Cruly to
be readie with two hundred Horfe-men to aflault him in the way : fo that he was for-
ced to hire a llrong conuoy for the fecuritie of his perfon. Being come to Agra,he was
brought with great State to the King.who kindly entertained him,and fwarc by God,
& by his fathers foule, to perform the Kings Maieftiesrequcft.in the Letter contained,
notwithflandingthedeprauationthereofbythelefuite.to vvhom the King hadgiuen
ittoreade. He promifed alfo to allow him three thouland and two hundred pound a
ycare,orfoure hundred Horfc (for fo they reckon all their fees, much like the Tutkifh
Timariots) and caufed him to take a wife of the countrey, the daughter of an Armeni-
an Chriftian called yJ/w^^n/t'T^-i/omctimes a Commander in the warres ofEklcr Pa.
ii(i/ha",hthcTtoth'isprcCcmMoi»r,oxMogell,\\ho{en3meisSfltm. This King is fo " Tid^Jha is a,
fickle and incon(tant,that what he had folemnly promifed for an Englifli FaftoryjWas ^"^'^" word.'
bythe Portugals meanesrcuerfed, and againe promifed, and agamefufpcndcd, and a ^"^^Snifieih
third time both graumed and difannulled: fo that the fecond of Nouember 161 1. '"^'
Captaine Hawkins departed from Agra, and the laft of December came to Cambaya,
where he heard ofEngHfhfliipping.in which he pafledfirft to the Redde Sea, after to
Sumatra and "Bantamjand died on the Irifhfliore in his rcturne homewards, whiles o Dec.ii.x6iz
hekeptatAgra, hisliuingafl[ignedhimbytheKing,wasmuchempaircdbythe Offi-
ccrSjWho appointed to him fuch places where Out-lawes and Rebels liued , fo that he
neuerreceiuedabouc three hundred pound. His attendance whiles he was infauour
was honorable and neere the King ; fo that the Mahumetans cnuying'a Chriflian fuch
dignitie became his priuie enemies, and afTifiants to the Portugalls : which was en-
treafedby aPrefenttheKingfenthimpublikely,being awilde Boare, killed in his
hunting-progrefle.and by him and his eaten. The mfolencies of the Guzarats.ifthey
may be fuffred.and as much bafenefTc of their deicfted cowardly courages being kept



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 107 of 181)