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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 108 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 108 of 181)
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in awe (which is alfo the dilpofition of%fi the Indian Ethnikes, both white and black)
the Portugalls pride and ti eacherie : th^tteft places for our Indian traffique,whether
wefollow the colours ofil/^jr.f or Af<rrf««^: and other his diligent obferuations I o~
mit. But fo 1 cannot,the rarities of the Mogolh Court,cuftomes,puifiance,wealth and
gouernment(notwithflanding our former Difcourre)hauing met with fo rare a guide.
This Seli7n-> Padalha rebelled agaiuft his father SkJ'er, ycz , durlt not abide the hazard
of a battelljbut yeeldcd : whereupon he was committed, and his fonne Cojfero proclai-
med heireapparant: which Ekper on his dcath-bedde rcuoked, and rcfiorcd5<f//»j.
CojT^rc continuing his claime, warred vpon his father, and after much lolTc on both
fides, was taken and ftill remaincth inprifon , and (as is thought) depriued of his
eyes , by his father Selims commaund , about nine yeares fince tor the greatncfle
of his State ; hcc rcporteth that his Empire is deuided into fine great King-
domes, the firfl named Pengabjthe chiefeCitie whereof is Labor : the lecond Ben-
gala, and Sonargham the mother Citic : the third Malua,thc chicfe fcate Vagain:
the fourth Deckan , in which Bramport is principall : and fo is Amadauar in the
fiftKingdome, which is Cambaya. Hee hath fixe principall Caftles for the keeping
•f his ttcafurc,ai Agla (which is in the heart of of all hisKingdomes) Guallier, Ner-

Aaa 3 vir.



544 -^^ AppzndiXyOr addition to the jixt Qhapter^(iyc. Chap, i y.



^SdunTmtU.



q Ivnderfland
ihisofallthc
lands in his
Rcalmcs(tor
allishi&)and
of all other in-
comes.

r i5o.rnillions
ofDuckcts.



Vir,Ratamboore, Haflicr, Bouglitaz. There are three Arch-Rcbcis, which with his
forces he cannot call \n,Amberrj Chapu in Deckan ; in CjMz.erat the fonne of yl/«i4.
jf«rr,romctime their Kingxalled Bakador;znA T{aga Rahana in Malua. Hee hath fiuc
{onnes. Sultan CHjferOjSultan Peruis,Su/taM Cherem,Sultan Shnritr^ Sultan Bath; two
young daughters.and three hundred wiucs, of which fourc arc principall. N*-ne hath
the title oi Saltan but his fonncs. Imuirz,a is alfo afcribed to his brother and children :
Chan as a Duke. Their dcgces and titles are according to their proportion of Horfcs
allowed them : foure are of the fame of twelue thoufand, the King, his mother, eldcft
I'lonnejandoneofthebloudroyall, coWzAChan ^^antj. Of the /^wf of nine thou,
fand Horfe arc three ; thefe are as Dukes ; Marquefles of fiue thoufand , of which are
cightcenc; Earlcs of three thoufand ;Vicounts(fo may wee paralell them with our
titles ofhonour) two thoufand; Barons of one thoufand Horfe: Knights fourc hun-
dred ; others fewer ,to twentic : all which are called Munfildars^mtn ofliuingor Lord-
fhip,of which are three thoufand. Ot Haddies, which rcceiue monethly pay, from fix
Horfe to one, are fiue thoufand.Officers of Court and Campe (ixe and thirty thoufand
asGiinners,Portcrs,Water-mcn,Cooks,G3rdiners,kecpersofHorfes,E!eph3ms,&<.
whofe wages are payed them monethly from ten ro three Rupias. A Rupia is two
fliillings of onr coinc. His Captaincs or Manfildars are to mantaine vpon their allow-
ance, and haue in rcadineffe at a feucn nights warning three hundred thoufand
Horfe.

The Kings rcueniieofhis q C''own-land is ffcie Crou-of Rupias :eucry Crouisotte
hundred Lcckcs,andciicryLccke a hundred thoufand thouCind Rupias : all which in
our money is fiftic millions of pounds : a fumme !ncredible,aud exceeding that which
is faid of ■• China. His daily expenies are fifcie thcufand.Rupias , for his owne perfon,
as apparell,vi»Suals,and other houfhold cxpenfcs.with the feeding of fundrie forts of
bcafts.and of fomc few Elephants : his expenfes on his women by the day amountto
thirtie thoufand Rupias.

In his treafurie of Agra are in golde,of Serf-ffins Ecbcri (which are tenne Rupias*
piece) thrcefcorc Leckes. Of another fort which arc otic thoufand Rupias, each twen-
tic thoufand pieces : and ten thoufand ofanothcr fort,halfe the value. Of Tolcs (euery
ToleisaRupia of filuer,and tenne ofthofeToles is the value of one of golde) thirtie
thoufand. Ofanothcr fort of tenne Toles,fiuc and twentic thoufand. Ofanothtrforc
of fiue Toles:fiftie thoufand.

In filuctjof Rupias Ecbcri thirtecne Croii. Of a kinde of coine worth a hundred
Tolcs a piece, fiftie thoufand. Ofanothcr halfe as much,one Lecke. OfthirticTolesa
piece.fortie thoufand pieces. Oftwentie Tolcs a piece thrtic thoufand pieces. Often
Toles a piece twentic thoufancJ^ieccs. Offiuc Tolcs a piece , fiue and twentic thou-
fand. OfSauoys (each of which is a Tc^e and a quarter) two Leckes. Oflagiries
(whereoffiue make fixe Tolcs) on Lecke.

In jewels ofDiamants one Batman and 3 Halfe : a Batrtian is fiue and fiftic pound
weight Englifh: thefe are rough, and of all forts and fizes , bnt none kffc then two
Garrets and a halfe. Of Ballafe Rubies two thoufand. OfPcarlcs twelue Batmans.
OfRubiesofall forts two Batmans. OfEmralds of all fortes fiue Batmans. OfEdii-
me, which ftone comes from Cataya,onc Batman. Of ftones of Emen,akind of reddc
flone.fiue thoufand. Ofall other fortes, as Corall, Topazes, &c. the number is innu-
merable.

Ofjcwels wrought in goldc, two thoufand and two hundred fvvords, the hilts and
fcabberdsfet with rich forts: two thoufand ponyards. Of faddle drummes of golde
fct with ftoneSjVfed in Hauking,fiue hundrcd.Of rich broches for their heads, in which
their feathers are fct,two thoufand. Of faddlcs of golde and filuer, fet withftones,
one thoufand. Of Tuikes fiue and twentic. This is a great launcc coucred with
golde,and the fluke fct with ffones: and are carried when the King goeth tovvarrcj
in fkad of colours. Of KittafblesofStatctofliadowhim , twentic. Noneelfcinhis
Empire may haue any of any fort carried for his fhadow. Of chaircs of State fiuc,and
of other forts which arc of liluer and goldc.onc hundred. Of rich glaffes two hundred.
Of Vafcs for Wine fet with jewels one hundred. Of drinking cuppes fiue hundred,

of



C H A P.I 7- ASIA. Thefift 'Booke: 545

of which arc fifty very rich,as of one ftonc,&c.Of chaines of Pearic and other chaiiics,
ofrings with jcwels,i5cc. arc infinite, which the keeper onelyknovves. Of allfortsof
Plate wrought,as diflies,cups,bafon$, &c. Two thoufand Batmans. Of gold wrought,
a thoufand Batmans.

OfBeatts.-tweluethoufandHorfes: as many Elephants, fiucthoufand with teeth,
the rcfl female and yong. Camels, twcntie thoufand: of Oxen forfcruice ten thou-
fand. Of Moyles, a thoufand. Of Deere for game, three thoufand. Ounces for game,
fourc hundred. Hunting-Dogges, foure hundred. Lionj tame, an hundred. Bulflcs,
fine hundred. Haukes/oure thoufand. Pigeons for fport.ten thoufand. Singing- Birds,
fourc thoufand. He hathalfo Armours to arme fiue and tv\catie thoufand menatan
hourcs warning.

All this concerning his Treafure, expcnccs,and monthly pay, is in his Court or Ca«
flleof Agra :and cuety one of the Caftles,aboucnamcd,hathafcuerallrreafure : and
fohathLahoralfo, which was not mentioned. And ifanycenfurc this Storie for want
of truth, and me for want of iudgement, in relating fuch fulnefle fo fully : f ;r it,I mufl:
leaue it to the Authors credit ; for my felfe, I was induced by the raritic of the fubiedt
(not eafie in this diftancc to be knownc,nor by Trauellcr$,exccpt fuch as this Author,
whofe Embaffagc, and exceeding grace with the King, forthcgrcateftpart of his rc-
fidence, might tiirther his intelligence herein) befides the rarencffe of the Copic,
whereof I know but one,and that written by himfclfc. Time may make further trial!.
Nor may any meafurethofe parts of the Indies for wealth in thefekindes, with our
European, or any other : and that which fo many Kings and States had in many ages
flored together, by the euent of warre became Echars, the father of tliis Seltm : of
Hvhichyouhaucheardof the incredible wealth of the King of Cambaia* alone. Be- *SceChap.7,
fides, if j'ouobferuchis cuftcmes, it makes it fo much ncerer credit. For when any
Noble-man dies,alldcuolueth to him: and well is it with the wife and children, if he
beftoweth the Land, and what he pleafcth, on thcm.and the fathers Title on the cldeft
fonne. One died in my time (fatth our Author) named Raga Gafrinat, on whofe goods
the King fcafcd, which befides jewels and other treafure, amounted to threefcore
tnaunes m gold euery maune is fiue and fiftie pound weight. None likewile may come
before the King with any petition emptie-handed: and on certaine Fefliuall daycs
they brino him rich prefents, as before isfaid. India, befides Mines,muft ncedcsbe
rich in money, for all Nations bring it, and carrie commodities for it: fo that once in
twentieyearesitcommeth to the King. All Lands in his Monarchic arc his, giucn
and taken at his pleafure. Efchcats are many by reafon of his fcueritie.
. . Of all forts of his wealth (except Coine) is brought daily a certaine quantitie be-
fore him, for which purpofe his beafls, and all things of value arc diuided into three
hundred and threefc ■>re parts : fo that the fame things come but once in the yeareto
his view. He hath three hundred Elephants royall forhimfelfe to ride on, which arc
brought with pompe, richly couered; twentie orthirtie men going before with flrca-
mcrs, his female with her yonglingoryonglingsfollowingjbefidcs foure or fiue other
yong ones attending as Pages; Thefearcdifperfed amongit the great ones to ouer-fec
them, the King allowing them for it, butlcarcely fufficient, and they dare not make
(hew of them in euill plight. One of them eats ten rupias euery day in butter,graine,
fugar, fugarcancs, &c. they are very tame. I faw one take vp the Kings ownc fonne
by his appointment, beingachilde of (euen yeares. There arc thought to be in this
Empire fortie thoufand Elcphants,ofh;s,andhis Nobles; of which, twcntie thoufand
are trained for warre.

When theKing rides in proigreffe, hi? Tents are in compafle about as large as Lon-
don,two hundred thoufand people vfually following his Campc. ThisKing is eftee-
BiedthcgieateftEmperourin thcEaft. Hehathmany Dromedaries, whole fwi'tnes
auailed his father much in his fuddcn Expeditions of warre. Thofe valiant Captaines
which £r^<«r had, ^ir/i^w hath by tyrannic much diminifhed. Fiue times a weeke hee selims tyna-
commands his Elephants to fight before h!m,which often in their comming in,or go- nie.
ingout.killmany : andifany bebutwoundcd, and might efcape, yet he commands
him to be call into the Riuer, faying he will cutfe him as long as he hues,and therefore



54^



J.n JppendiXjOr addition tothe/ixt Chapter ^o-c.C h a Pa7,



beft to difpatch him : He delights to fee men executed, and tome with Elephants. Of
thcfe tyrannies he reckons many particulars which he faw : and fome for no fault, but
for his luftfet to fight with the Lion, and one valiant man to buffet with a very fierce
Lion, without any weapon offcnfiuc or defenfiuc. If any of his fubiefts hath any pre-
cious ftonc of value, and make not him the offer of ic,it is death to him : he mufl hauc
the refufall of all, and yet giues not the worth by a third part. That Jewell he vvcareth
this day, is not worne againe till that day twclue-month : all his jewels being proper,
tioned to fuch a courfe. All his feueritic and tyrannic cannot clcare (perhaps this cau-
fcth them) his Countrey ofOut-lawes. There is one betweene Agra and Amad juar
which commands as much Land as a good Kingdome, he is ftrong t wentic thoufand
Horfe, andfiftiethoufand foot,andkecpeson thcMountaines. Mencan fcarcclytra«
uell for Outlawes. The often fhifting of men from their lands,makes them exaftmore
cruelly in the time they hold them, grinding the face of their poore tenants inrucfull
manner. If they continue but fix yeares they raife a great fiate; fometimes they hold
not halfe a yeare : If any be employed in warres or bufinefles in another place.he muft
forgoehis land hcere, and beafligncd it there. The Kings allowance othcrwifc is ex-
cceding, as for cuerie horfe twentieRopias a moneth for the warres, and forfo many
more which he hath of Fame, he is allowed two Ropias a moneth for the maintenance
of his table.

Concerning the Kings Religion and behauiour, it is thus. In the morning about



S?/«»jReligi«
on and Cu-
fiomes.



' The Kings
of India fit
daily in luftice
themfelues,
and on the
Tuefdaiesdoc
exe:ution.



breakeofday,heisathis Beads, his face totheWcftwards, inapriuate faire roome^
vpon a faire Iet-ftonc,hauing onely a Pcrfian Lambc-skinnc vndcr him. He hath eight
chainesof Beads, euery of which containethfoure hundred: they are of Pearle.Dia*
mants,Rubies,Emcralds, Lignum aloes, Efhen and Corall. Atthevpper end of thii
let-flone, are placed the Images of Chrift and our Ladie, grauen in flonc. He tiirnetl
ouer his Beads, and faith fo many words,to wit,three thoufand and two hundred, atij
then prefentcthhmifelfc to the people to receiue their Salamcs or good morrow, foil
which purpofe multitudes refort thither euery morning. This done, he fleepcth tvMi
houres more,then dincth and pafTcth his time with his women : at noone he iTiewcth'
himfelfc againe to the people, fitting till three a clockccoviewhispaflimcs, by men
and beafts, euery day fundry kindcs. At three all the Nobks in Agra, whom fickntfle
detaineth not, relbrt to the Court : and the King comes forth in open audience, fitting
inhisSeat-royall, euery manflandingin his degree before him, the chiefe within i
red raiic (which was allowed to our Author,hauing but fiuc before him) the reft withi
out. This red raile is three fteppcs higherthen the place where the reft ftand. McnarS
placed by Officers : there are others to keepe men in order. Inthemiddeft, right be-
fore the King, flandeth an Officer with his mafter Hangman, accompanied with fortii
others of the fame profc(fion,vvith hatchets on their fhoulders, and others with whip*',
Hcere the King heareth caufes fome houres * euery day : and then departs to his hoafc
of prayer; which ended, foure or fiue forts of well drcflfed meats are brought him,
whereof he eatcth what he likcs,to ftay his (tomack.drinking once of his flrong drink.
After this hee comes forth into a priuateroome, where none may come, but fuchai
himfelfc nominates. Two yeares together our author was one of the Attendants. In
this place he drinkes other hue cuppcs, which is the portion that the Phyfitians allow
him, after which he cateth Opium, and then layes him downe to flecpc, euery man de-
parting home. When he hath flept two houres they awake him, and bring his fuppef
to him, thrufting it in his mouth, not beingable to feed himfelfc. This is about oneof
the clockeat night; and fo he fleepcth the reft of the night. Inthiscup-fpacehedoth
many idle things : but nothing without writing,bc he drunken or foher. For he hath
writers by courle,which write alljnot omiting his going to the floolc,or how oft heli-
ethwithhis womcn,& with whom: to the end,that when hedieth,thci'c writings may
bebroughtforth,and thence whatisthoughtfit maybe infcrted in their Chronicles.
Whenany poore men come to demand iuflice of the King, they goe to a certaine
rope faftened to two pillars, neerc where the King fits : this rope is full of bells, plated
with gold, and with fhaking the rope, the King hearing the found, fends to know the
caufe, and doth iufticc accordingly.

W.Vik



Chap.iS. ASIA. Thefift^ookel 547

Whileour Author %vas with him, he made his brothers children Chrifiians, not for
zealc, (as the lefuits thought) but in policie, (todifappoituaProphccieof certaine
learned Gctitiics, which fore-told their I'uccefTton in the Kingdome) to make them o-
dioiis to the Moorcs. God take the wife m ha cr4fii»ejfe,and conuert this pcrucrlepo-
licieto theirtrue Conucrfion.

Oiic o( h\sConnes,SulcanShariar, of feucn yeares, could not bydiuers cruelties
purpofelyinfliifted on him by his father, be forced to crie, pretending his Nurfes in-
flriidions to the contrarie.

He keepcs many Fcafts in the yearc, but fome principal! : one called Nouroiis, or feaftj.
New-ycares-day. Then bathhecarichTcntpitched, curioufly andcoftly wrought,
two acres of ground in compaflc, fo richly fpred with filkc and gold Carpcts,andpre-
cioufly hanged, asismoreadmirable then credible. There arc roomes alio for his
Qucencs t;i fee vnleenc. round about/o that in all it may be fiue acres, Euery N ble-
iranmakeshuroome, each ftriuing tocxccll othcrincolh The King will come, to
whichof themhe aflfeds, and is fumptuouflyfeaftcdandprefentcd :But becaufchee
will not receiue any thing as a prefent, he alio wcs as much as the Trealurer values it,
which is halfe the worth : Thus all prouidc and prefent. At this Feafl commonly euery
maus ftatc is augmented : it beginnethat the beginning of the Moonc in UHarch,
Sonxfouremoncths after is the Feaft of his Birth-day, which euery one Hriueth to
honor w th his richeft apparell and jewclh : after many Pallace-pattimes, hecgoeth
with the grcatefl pompc to his mothers, to whom euery Noblc-man prefents a jewel.
After banket endedjheweigheth in a bailance of gold againft himfelfc in one fcale,
ether thmgsof diuers forts to the worth often thoufand pound, which is giuen to
the poorer but his richer fubieils prefent him that day ten times as much. On his Fa-
thers Funcrall-day is foleninized a Feaft at his Sepulchre, where himfelfc mcaneth to
beburied with all his pofleriti": at which time much mcatc and money is giuen to the
poore. Of this Sepulchre is clfewherefpokenrwc may adde out of this Author, that ■^«|<i/& Sepal-
it hath beenc ffjuretcene yeares in building, and is thought will not be finiiTied in fe- ' "^'^
uen yeares more j notwithftanding three thoufand at Icaft be daily atworke thereon,
Butoneof our work-men will difpatchmorcthen three of them. It isbyhisdcfcrip-
tion three quarters of a mile about, made fquarc, hath fcuen heights each narrow er
then other, till the top, where his herfe is. At the vtmoU gate before you come to the
Sepulcherisa ftateiy Pallacc in building; the compaflc of the walks ioyningto the
gate, &c. may be at leafi three miles : it is foure miles from Agra.

The Kings cuftomc is euery yeare to make a hunting progreflc of two moneths but
when he comes forth of his Pallace, if he mounts on a horfe, it is a figoc of his going
tothe warre : if on an Elephant or Palamkin, it is but a hunting iourney. Let rs Icaue
him on hunting, and bethinke vs ofour forgotten Iland-dilcouered.



Indiie Orient.
cap. 40.



Chap. XVIII.

of SiXmntrdyand ZeiUn.

• Amatra iseftecmedbyfome* thegreateftof theEafternellands.nret- a G'l.'Biit ten\
chjng it felfealmoft feucn hundred miles in length, in breadth abouc Maff.lib 4,
two hundred, TheAvreisnotvery holefome.bvrcafonof thefitua- G./lrthM Hifl,
tion vnder the Lme, and the multitude ot Lakes and Riuers,wnercout
the Sunne drinketh more then he can well conco6t, and thetefore (as
it were) belcheth out hecte continually fuch crude and vndigefted va-
pours. Thci: food is Millet, Rice, Sagu, and Fruits. Theirriches arc Pepper, Ginger^
CaffiajSilke.Benioyn, Gold, Tjnne, Iron,&c. The Kingdome of Cainpa yecldeth
Trees, whofe pith or marrow is v4/tf#, which is prized in India at thelikc weight (fomc
fay) of Gold; the Barke is called ^^«//<», InthcSca-coafttheyarc Mooresin Religi-
on, andfohaue bcene about thcfelaft two hundred yeares: vp within Land they are
Pagans^andiutnanyplacesjasinthcKingdocnsof AndragiriandAru, they arc Maq-

caters.




548



Of Samatray and ^e'lUn.



Chap. 18.



caters. They were diuided, before the Porti'galls emred India,iino nine and twcntie
Kingdomes, vvhcrcof the chicfe was Pedir, after that Paccm, and now Acem. For A~
^r - «w,!6metimc a flaue, fince King of Acem, hath conquered almoft all theNorth part
of the Ifland, and with hclpc from the Tiirkc and the Arabians diftrefleth fomctimes
the affaires of Malacca. This King ^ gauc in marriage with his daughter, to the King
of lor, a pccce of Ordinancc,fuch as for greatnes ,length,and workmanfhip,can hard.
ly be matched in all Chriftcrtdome. Hecreisa « Hill, called ^^Ar/z/^rw, which con-
tinually burneth ; and a Fountaine (as is reported) which runneth pure Balfame. Some
^ thinke, that this was Cherfoneftu jiurea of the Ancients,

G't/fauM e writeth, Thn the B4C;!W,ot Man-eaters in the Mountaines ofSamitra
gild their teeth, and crtecme the flcfli of blacke people fwecter then of the white. The
flefli of their Kinc, Buffes,andHcnnes,is as blacke as Inke. They fay, That there are
cerraine people there called Daraaui Dara, which haue tayles like to Sheepc. Hcerc
is faid alfo to grow a Tree, the iuyce whereof is flrongpoyfon, and if it touch the
bloud of aman, killechhim,butif amandrinkcof it, it is a foueraignc Antidote. A*
(SccLnmberlt fortho(etayled-pcoplc(afl3nderby BecketsLcgenA f reported of?ome Kentijhmm,



b tinfut.

t T.Bertiiii
Tab.

i Ofttl:

c Difcoucrics
ofthewoildw



I 7^. di Cont'i,



ht.Vttt,



\ Herman.de
tree.



■perambul, jiiiurious to that angrie Saint, and after applied to our whole Nation; many indeed
cftccm'ng the Englifli to be taylcd) Gahano affirmcih. That the King of Tidore told
him, that in the Iflands of Batto-China there were ibme whichhad tayles, hauing
alfo a thing like vnco a duggebecwecne their coddcs, out cf the which there cimo
Milke.

NicoHDiCtKti Z faith.inhis time the Samatrans were all Gentiles, and the Man-
eaters amongft them vfed the skulls of their eaten enemies in ftead of money, exchan-
ging the fame for their neceflarics; and he was accounted thericheft man, whichhad
moll of thofe skulls in his houfe.ln "V ertcmc.'nnm time they had money in Pedir, mar-
ked on the one fide with a Diuell,on the other with a Chariot.drawne withElephamJ.
Their •> Religion (he faith) is the fame with thofe of Tarnaflarijburuing their vviuesiii
like manner. The inhabitants are cunning Artificers; Merchants, and Saylers : theit
Ships haue ateach end a Prow, which with maruailousagilitic they candifpofe for-
wards, or backwards, making vfe of the fame, according to the diucrfitic of Winde
and Charinell, which there are very changeable.

In Acen ' are Mcfquits of Timber and Reedc,\^'ithVcflell$ of water at the eniriC'
forthem to wafh, according to the Arabian cuftomc. The King c&mcs little abroad,
nor may any go to him, except he be fent for by an Officer with a gilded flaffc or dag-
ger. Tohis Pallacethey paffcthorowfcuen gatcsoneafteranother,garded with wo-
men expert at their weapon, and vfing both Peeccs and Swbrds. He hath none other
guard forhisperion. In laluting tljc King, they lay their hands foulded on thcit head,
vvliich in othcrfalutationsthcy lay on thcforhcad.

Sultan AhAin the King, was ( as (^ornelim HoutmAn reporteth) firft a Fiflier-man,
and growing famous for hisexployts by Sea, was preferred to the marriage of the
Kings kinf-woman, and the Office of Admiral!. Afterwards he became Proteftor ot
the yong King (the former being dead) but proued his murthercr, and fcnt a thoufand
of the chiefe men to follow him into the other world, ennobling bafe fcllowcs of his
conlpiracie, andvfurpcdihe State to himfelfe. Hee wa^ fiippol'cd an hundred ycaies
1* old ; fo old, thait his eldefl: fonne (whom he kept at home with him,hauing madehis
li6;o4.Sir£(/. yongerKing ofPedir)impriionedhim, 1 alleaging that he was too old for Gouern-
tA'iche'AiiYne , mcnt, and warred on his brother.Our Englifli rirft '" had Trade hcere in the laft times
m Siiiawfj ofQueene Elizabeth, whofe name was then famous in thofe parts for her exploits
againft the Spaniards. The Queenes Letters dired^ed to this King were rcceiued with
great State. Firft he entertained the Mcflcnger with a Banket, gaue him a Robc,anda
peeceof Calicoc wrought with gold, and offered pledges for the Generalls fifetie:
for whom he fcnt fix Elephants, with Drurnmes,Trumpets,Streamcrs, andmuchpeo-
pk. The greateft Elephant being thirtcenc or fourteeue foot high, had a fmall C«ftlc
like a Coach, couercdwithVetuet,on hisbacke: in the middeft whereof was a great
bafon of gold with a rich couering of Silke, wherein the Letter was put. The Genc-
rtH v»as mounted on another Elephant, bu: was ftaid at the Coutt-gatCj till the Kii»g<

plcalute



k In 1^9?.



hancifter.



Chap.iS. ASIA. Thefift 'Booke! 549



plcafurc and licence was againc fcnt. The King made him a feaii ; the diflies were of
gold.or Tambayckc (which is mixed of gold and braflc) their wine is of Rife,in which
the King dianke to the Gcncrall out of his Gallery (a fadom higher then where they
fate) It is as flrong as Aqttavita, After the feaft the Kings Damofclls made mufickc
and dances ; which was a great fauour,for they arc not commonly fccne. The chiefe



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 108 of 181)