Copyright
Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 109 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 109 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Prelate was appointedone of the ConiniifTioners for Articles of League, which were
concluded. They tookc a prize of nine hundred tunncs, and were like to be taken
themfelues by a ftrange fpout (as they call it) which fell not farrc from them (as in one
whole droppe enough to haue (iincke any fh:ppe,and fometimes continueth a quarter
of an hourc together, as powred out of a veffelljthe Sea boyling thercwith).The King
fent a Letter and a Prefentto the Qiieenc .• and at their departure asked if they had the
Pfalmcsof £)J»/^,andcaufedthcmiofingonc, which hec and his Nobles feconded
with a Pfalme (as he faid) for their profpcritie.

The Court " hath three guards, betweene each of which is agrcatgrcenc. The „ cor.Hm-
King may fee all that come, himfelfevnfeene. The walls ofhishoufeare hanged fomc- mm. '
times with cloth of Gold, Veluet, or Damaske. Hec fits crofle-legged, with foure
Criflcs.rwo before and two behinde, very rich.Fortie women attend him with fanncs,
clothes, finging and other offices. Hecatethanddrinkcthallday, or chev\ing Betcle
and Arecca, talking of Vcneiy and Cock-fighting. When they would doe reuercnce
(which we vfe to performe by vncouering the head)they put off their hofe and flioocs,
holding the palmcs of the hands together, and lifting them aboue the head, with ben-
ding of the bodic, and faying, BonUt. They vfe not to put malefadors to death, but
cut offtheir hands and feet.andbanifli them to the lie Polowcy: and if they execute
them, it is by Elephants tearing them, orthrufting a ftake in their fundament. This
King had an hundred Gallies, of which fomc will carric foure hundred men: open
without decke, their oares like fiiouels,foure foot long, rowed with one hand. A wo-
Bian was Admiral], he not daring through felfc-guiltincfle to truft men.

They had many differing dignities and degrees for their Clergie; vfedtopray with ig^Dtmn,
Beads, had Schoolcs: they had one Prophet difguifed in his apparell, whom they
much honored. They burictheirdead in the fields, with their head towards Mecca,
laying a free done at the head, and another at the feet, with fignificatjon what the
deccaicd had bcenc,. The Kings haue them, not of ftone, but of gold : and this King
had two made for him, each weighing a thoufand pound, enriched with floncs. They
haue a tradition that Achen is Ophir. Once cuery yeare they obferue a folemnc cere-
tnonie of going to Church to fee if Alahomet be come. Then are there fortie Ele-
phants richly couered, and on them the Noblcs,one fpare for the Prophet, and ano-
ther whereon the King ridcth, with much pompc. When they haue looked into the
Moskee and not fecnc their Mahomet^ the King returnes on that fpare Elcphant.Pider,
Manaucabo and Aru are tributaries to Achcn.ln Nicobar they arc bafc people, and till
not the ground.

Li Macazar (an Ifland not farre from the former) the moft are Ethnickes,fome alfo
]vIoores,andfomeChriftians. They vfe the Malaican, or Malaian Tongue, which is
generail through the Indies. Their Arrow-heads are of Fifh-bones, enuenomed with
incurable poyfon. In Macazat the Pcief^s conforme, or rather deforme themfelues
to the ("afbion ofwomcn,nouril'hing their haire on the head, and plucking it out ofthe
face: rh.ey guild their teeth, and vfe broken, wanton, and effeminate gcltures. They
are called 7- ecu/; they marrie one another. Forthem to Ive with a woman, is capital!,
andispunifhcd with burning inPitch. Thffc Men-monfters, Womei>Diuels, were
great impediments tochcPortugalls, in drawing them toChriflianitie.

Zeilan (which fomc call Scyion, other Ceilan) is by Barnus aucrrcd to be Ta^roha-
»it; fometimes (according to cJ^^^rir/wT^w/w <> his Reports) thought to haue com- o a.Patil.l.t,
prehendcd thrceihoufr.ndllx hundred miles in circuit ; fincc much impaired by his o-
uer-mighcie neighbour the Sea, which hath now left not aboue two hundred and fifty
miles in length, and an hundred and fortie miles of breadth vnto it. P The Indians call p sarhU,
itTenArifm, or ihedelitious Land, and fomc arc of opinion, that this was Paradife.
(So iuft arc the iudgemcnts of the HtgheB, that, whqu as man wandered from liim,

caufe4



55o Of Samatrayand Ze'iUn. Chap.iS,



caufed him alfo to wander ficm himfclfe, and from his habitation ; yea, the place jr
lelfehathallb wandered, in mens wandering conceits, ouer the World, yea, and cut

<\Vid,rup.l.\. of our, 'habitable World altogether, as before is <5 fliewed; men now leckinoitas

c.ip.^.&MoC. vaincly as before they loll it). It is in fafliion ■■ rcfemblin" ane"ge. bv a fliallowi

pat,^Ho''kmr. cn^T'eH '"^pa^ated from the Cape Comori. The Heaucns with their dewes, the Avre

^c. ' * ^'^it^^ '^ pleafant holefomencfle and fragrant frefhncfl'e , the Waters in their many i{\i.

r Lib. I. uersandFountaines, the Earth diiietfiricd in afnring Hills, lowly Vales, cquall and

indifterent Plaines, filled in herinward Chambers with McttalisandlewcUs inhet
outward Courtandvpperfaceftored with whole Woods of the beft Cinnamon that
the S Jnnc fecth, befidcs Fruits, Oranges, Lcimons, Sic. furmounting thole ofSiaine •

iLiiifihot. Fowlesand Beafts,both tame and wildc (among whic'h is their Elephant ', hoiioii.

Ait. Coifait. red by a naturall acknowledgetncnt of excellence, of all other Elephants- in the
World.) Thefe all haucconfpired and ioyned in common League, to prefent Wto
Zei/fW the chiefe of worldly tiealiires and pleafures, with a long andheahhfuU lifa in
the Inhabitants, to cnioythem. NoinarucU then, if fcnfeandfenfiialitiehaueheere
ftumbledoti l Paradife. There, wooddie Hilles (as a naturall Amphitheatre) doc
cncompafle a large Plainc: and one of them, as not contenting his beetle-biowes
with that cnciy profpec^, difdaineth alio the fellowfliippe of the neighbouiino

tM'!f.libi. Mountaincs, lifting t vp his (iecpe head feucn Leagues in height; and hathiiitlie
toppea Plaine, in the'.niddclt whereof is aftoneoftwo cubits, cre6ted in mannet
of a Table, holding in it the printof amansfoote, who (they fay) camefromDeli
thither, to teach them Religion. The logdesand other dcuoutPilgrimesrefoitthi-
ihcr, from places a thoufand Leagues diliant, with great diflicultic of paflage both
hither and hcere. For they ate torced to mount vp this Hill by the helpe of navies
and chaines faflencd thereto. Nature hauing prohibited other palTage. tj'dafm
and "Bote-nu could perfwade themfclues, that this fbote-fleppe is a relique and memo,
rieof the e^thiopian Eunuch: others will haiie it further fctcht, and father it vpoii
cAdam, the (irft father of snankinde, rf whom the Hill alfo is named, Tico de e/f-

u Od.Barbefi. dam, TheMoores " call it ^<:/»<w 5^^<«, and fay, That from thence e/f^»?OT afcended
into Hcaucn. The Pilgrims are clad in their Palmers-weed, with yron chaines, ahd
skinnesof Lions, and other Wilde Beafls. Vpon their armesand Icgges they wcare
buttons with fliarpe points, that cut the flefh, and draw bloud, which (they fay) ihey
doe in Gods feruice.

Before they come at the Mountaine, they pafTe by a fenny valley full of water,
wherein they wade vp to the W3llc,with kniues in their hands, to fcrapc from their legs
thebloud-leechcs, which elfe would end their pilgrimage and life before the time.
For this durtie and waterie paflage continueth eightccnc miles, before they come at
theHill, who fe proud top would difdaine climbing, if Art did not captiuc Nature,
and binde the Hdl with chaines of iron, as is faid. When they are mounted, they wafli
them ina LakcorPoolcof clecrcfpiinging water, nceictothat foot-flone, and ma-
king their prayers, doe thus account themfclues cleane from all ihcir fumes. This ho-
ly iourney is generally performed by the Ilandcrs (faith Verternannm) once a yeaie.

X Vtxt.l.i. f .4. He addcth >^ that a Moore told him, that his foot-print was two 1 pannes long : andthac
e/^^.^wheerealongtime bewailed his finnc, and found pardon. But Od.oricui^'&i'
iTieth,that they reported this mourning to haue been for Abel, and to banc lafted three
hundred yearcs, and of the tearesof Abel and £«if this purifying water to haue pro-

y Odoriim. cecded : which Odoricm y proucd to be a tale, becaufe he law the water fpringing

continua!ly,and it runneth thence into the fea. He faith that this water had in it many

precious Pioncs; and the King gaueleaue at ccrtainctimcsof theycaretopooie men

to take them, that they might pray for his foulc; which they could not doe, but fiift

annovnted with Limons, becaufeof the Horle-lecches in that water. Ad^ws Hill is

L Hcr.de Brce. <uppofed tobefcuen leagues in height. In Caaidy ^ were Statues artificially wrought

flue or (ixc fathomes high, which thefe Symmetrians proportioned to the ftature of ^•

i^rfiw , gathered by that print of his foot,

a Georgnii In Vintane, •'' is a Tagode or Idol'-Temple, the compafle whereof is an hundred

Spilber^iM, and thirtie paces ; it is very highland ail white, cxccpton the copjVvhich hath tlie lpircs_

thereof



Chap.iS. ASIA. The fjfi 'Booke. 551

thereof gLlded, info much chat men arc notable, when the Sunnefliineth, to looke
thereon. It hath a Tower or fquare Steeple of excellent workmanfhippe. There are
many other Temples, and a Monafterie aifo of Rehgious perfons, which arc atti-
red in yellow, hauc their crownes fhauen, with Beads in their hands, and alwayej
feeme to mumble oucrfomewhat of their deuout Orifons, being in high eftimation
of fanflitic with the vulgar, and freed from publikc labours and burthens. Their
Monafterie is built after the manner of the Popifh, being alfo gilded with gold. In
theirChappclIsarcmany Images of both fcxes , which, they fay, rcprefent Ibmc of
their Saints : they arc fet on the Altars, and are cloathed with garments of Gold and
Siluer. Before them arc the Images of Boyes, which beare vp great Candle-flickcs,
ivith waxe-candles burning therein night and day. Euery hourc they refort to ihcfe
Altars to their (JMump/iwui. They held a folcmne Proccflion, whiles the Hollan-
ders were there, in which their Abbot rode on an Elephant richly attired, lifting Tp.
his hands ouer his head, with a golden rodde therein : the Monkes went two and
two before him in order, partly bearing, and playing on many Inftrumcntsof Mu-
(icke, partly bearing waxe-lights and Torches: the men alfo, and after them the wo-
men and maydes, following in like order: and the faireft Virgins were buficdwith
games and daunces, being naked from the nauell vpwards, beneath couercd with
fmockcs of diucrs colours, their armes and eares adorned with Gold and lewcls. Any
man that fhould fee i: (faith our Author) would thinkc, our Wcfternc Monkes had
hence boirowedtlieitCercmonies.Their Images areincuery corner of the way ,which
they adornc with flowers. In Candy, the chiefc Citie of that Kingdomc, were Ta- '

f(7^« innumerable. The houfes or Temples were of ftonc, like the Temples inthefc
parts rfome Statues were as high as the mart of a fliip. Thepcoplc heere, iftheyhaue
once touched mcate, which for quantitic or qualitic they cannot catc, theycaftitto
the dogges : neither will any man (be he ncuer fo meanc) eat that which another hath
touched. The women go naked from the wafte vpwards. They marrie as many wiucs
asthcycankeepe.

The King makes vfe of their Superflition: For pretending to build Temples, he af.
terleauesthem vnperfe(S, excufinghimfelfc, that they had not contributed fufficienc
fuinmesofmoncy,and therefore exa(ftcth a new. There is one Statue of great ftature,
witha fword inhishandjwhichbyillufioncf thcDiuell (if it be not the delufion of
fabulous reports)made as though he would ftrike the King with his fword, as he was
entering the Temple, and put him in great feare, whereas before he had made a mockc
of it. The 5/«f<«/M or Natiuc Inhabitants, fay that the world fhallnotperifli, as long
as that Image concinueth fafe. When any one is fickc, he facrificeth to the Diuell, ha-
uiiig a boxe hanging in his houfe to that end, therein to gather fomcwhat for his offe-
ring. Someprayvnto the Image of an Elephants head, madeof woodorftone, that
they may obtainewifdome (whereof this prayer argues their great want) : fomeeate
no quicice creature. They eatc no Beefe,nor drinke any Wine y they worfliip whatfo-
euer firft meeteth th;m in the morning.

Gfor^tfSpi/^tfrgtfwasbountifully entertained of the King of Candy, " but Sehuld u Hermmt. de
it iveert was with diuers of his companions flaine, after he had receiued much kind- ^'"r^P- de Brj.
nefleof thcKing; his imponunitic to get the King into his fhip, making him fufbedt ftrt4V.lad.0t,
feme trcacheric.

The King ofMotecalo had cares adorned with lewels, and hanging downe (the
lappets of them were fo ftretched) to his fhoulders. He was kinde to the Hollanders :
but they incenfed him againft them by killing certaine Kine ; for fome ofthemfaid,
that the foules of Kine flaine after that manner, were hurled forthwith into hell. Hec
obferucd one Pa^ede, to whofe Feaft he went while the Hollanders were there,the fo-
Icmnitie whereof waste continuc(tcn dayes) till a new Moone, with great concourfc
of deuout perfons.

Ofthefuperftitionsof'Pmiw^/, andthe worfliippeof the Apes tooth, celebrated
in this Hand; Wee haucalreadic fhewed in the Chapter* of Ar«r/7«^*. The Cingalat* "• Chap. to.
language vvhich they fpcakc in this Ilandj is " thought to hauc becae there left by the x Gi. m. Ben.

B b b Ghinoii,



•l



c^2» OfSamatrajaml^eilan* Chap, 1 8.

Chinois, fometimes Lords of Zeilan. Yet in Maicms PattlusWis daycs theTartari-
ans had not pierced thus farre. For the King then raigiiing, refufed to fell to fuiUi
Can (thi-nthe grcateft Monarch in the world) at a price, a Ruby which he had left
i?aul.l.u.i9 himbyhis Anceftors.cfteemedtberichcftlcwellintheworldj being(ashe yfaith)a
fpannc long, and as bigge as a mans arme, cleare and (hining, as if it had beene a fire.
Lmfchotcn. In this Hand were reckoned nine Principalities, or Kingdomes, but ^ not long fincc
theirchiefeRingwasmurtheredby a Barber, who drauc the other Kings out of the
Countrey, and vfurpcd the Monarchic tohimfclfe, praftifing holiilitic againflthe
Pcrtugalls.

The Cingalas are very cunning Artificers in all mcttalls. One of them prefented the
Arch-bifhopofGoa with a Crucifix, fo cunningly wrought, as if he had giuen life to
the Image of one dead. He fent it to the King of Spaine as a rare jcwell, not to be e-
qualledinEurope. The Inhabitants heere are a(5liue and expert in luglmg, both men
and women, traueliing through India with their ftrange Hobby-horfes, to get money
by thisvanitie. TheSea-coaft (asm other Indian Hands) is inhabited with Mootes,
the Inland with Pagans.
a Od.Barb«Ja. The Portugalls haue a fortrcffe at Colombo. The Ilandcrs « arcnotwarriours:
they giuc themfelues to paftimc and plcafure: they goe naked from the girdle vpward:
they make widcholcs in thcirearcs, which they ftrctch outwitli the weight of their
jewels to their fhouKkrs. The Hollanders found exceeding, both good and bad, en-
tertainment with the King of Candy. Now for that queftion, whether Zeilan or Sa-
matrabe thatTraprobaneofthe Andent is vcrydoubtfull. Yet that report in T/wjr
b I'l'in.U.c.zt.. b of Taprobane, fccmes more toendinefor Zeilan. For he faith, That in CUudm
Many reafons time, a feruant of tAnttim PlocAnjtu,\\\\\c\\ was Cuftomer for the Red-fca, was car-
forproothete- jjjj fjom the Coaft of Arabia, bcfides Carmania, m fifteenc dayes, which, Ithinkc,

1 u ' 'r * 'i could not pofliblv be done to Samatra, Likewife the cxccllcncie of the Elcphants,be-
tlebooke cal- »■""' „ ,f ,.-' n t ^\. Jc l r i ' i •

ledtWeC.yww- yond all the Indian, agrees to Zeilan: and had Samatra beene loknownc at thattime,

firmce of the the other parts of India ( it is like) had beene better difcouercd then they were in thofe
E.Mth. times. This Taprobane was difcouercd to be aii Hand, by 0»ir/cm«/, <!yi lex adders

Admirall of his Fleet in thefe parts. It was then accounted another world, and there-
fore ("hall be the Period of our Pi LGRiMAG E,and Perambulation in this Afian
Part of the World : which ( by the gacious goodncfle of his Almightie guide) the
Pil^rime hath now palled, and hath led the Induftrious Reader along with him.
c ry.Tlwp.ap. ThePopifhPilgnmes were wont to beguile their wcarieftcps with Mufickc <= or
ttxAB, jMon. plcafant tales (accordingto the delicate deuotionof thofe times) and calic was their
Our Pilgriaies pardon and penance at their iourneyes end. And in thefe our times Madonna di Lo-
witn wanton ^fff^mult giuc entertainment to many Pilgiimes, which (as if Venus were become
pipes' Cant«r- her Chamberlane) haue their Curtezan-conr:)lations to folace their Pilgrim-paines:
biiry Bels,&c. the deuout Friers ^ and Nunnes themfelues, that haue defied the Diuell, and denied
when they the World, by a new Vow deuoted to the Flefh,difguife themfelues in Lay-habites,
come into a traueliing thither, and from thence as man and wife, onelyat Loretto couering all
Townc,makc ^j^j^ ^j^^j^ Cowles. And if ConfcfTion difcouer jt hideth againe as a double couering.
thcn^ths'Kine But to vs, Vowes, Cowles, and fuch falace-folaces are w.-nting:theendof this la-
with all his bour is but the beginning of another: our penance endurethall the way; neither
Clarions and haue we hope of Pardon and Indulgence from fome feuerer Penitentiaries and Ccn-
Minftrels, four?, whofe greatell vertues is to findc or feekc faults in others. Had the Mufes beene
. ^"^'"^''^ propitious, and the Graces gracious, wee would haue had fome muficall and grace-
Er.ifC9!loq.&c, full harmonic, at leaft in Phrafeand method : but euen the Mufes (which whilome fo
d See diuers graced that Father of HiHoric,f/«roi^or«/, that each of them vouchlafcd,if yee vouch-
examples h:re fafe it credit, to beftow that Booke on him, which he entitled with their names) fcc-
°f'r pi'' '^' med afraid of fo tedious a iourney; nor would the Graces grace with their com-
mac- and"r P^^Y- Many indeed offered themfelues with their Ru/es, CMethods, and Precefts »f
I.iti>l'rtv repot- Hisiariei^zsBodinw, Chjlraw, Pejfeui»M, CMyUus, Tolietta, Vipcranfu, Zuwger,
tah the like Sambncus, Riccohonus, Tatrttittt, Pontanm, Fcxins, Rol>ertellns, Balduinus, and o-
whenhewas theis which haue written Trcatifes of that Argument: but I thought (iich attendance



Chap. 1 8. ASIA. The fifi ^ooke.



555



wouldbechargcablc, cfpecially toaTiaucUer: and their many rules would not haue
added wings to my licad'and fcctc, (as the Poets paint their LMercury ) but rather
haue fettered my fccte, and made my weake head forget it fclfe with their remem-
brances. I therefore followed Nature (both withinmeeand withoutmee) as my
beft guide, for matter and manner, which commonly yceldeth Beauties as louely,
if not fo curious, asthofc which bankrupt themfelues with borrowing of Art : the
iflucsof ourbodiesandmindcshereinbeing like, ^tios matres Jludent, Demijfts hu~
meru efftj-vinEio peBore vt graeiU Jint , faith Cherea'm the Comcedie, Tametji bona
lUnaiHrs, reddHtit cnratura twice as : Too conceited curiofiticmay hide rather then
commend Natures bountie, which of it felfc is alway morehoneft, if not more
honorable. Neue^ could the Perfian Court parallelcthe goodlineflc oi EHer £/2.r.iy.
and <L/£fpacia, which yet negle(fled the Perfian Delicacies. Once, I haue had XJita. yaf.
fufficicntburthenof the bufincflc inhand; enough it was for mcc to H'^M.ii.ct,

goc, though I did not daunce vnder it. But it is time to
Icauc this idle difcourfe about ourcourfeinthis
Afian Hiftorie, and bethinkc vs of
our African Perambu-
lation.




Bbbz



N



555




RELATIONS OF THE

REGIONS AND RELIGI-
ONS IN AFRICA,

OF ^GYPT, BARBARY, NVML

Di A, Libya, And The Land

■OF NEGROSi AND OF THEIR
RE LIG 10 N sr



HE



S I XT Boo



KB.



CHAP. I.

of Av'KicAf and the CrMture; therein.

^Hetlier this name t^frica, bee fo called of
» Evher of ^^hcr,\ht fonne ot Aiidiaa,3nA
Nephew oit^hraham, by bis fecond wife
KetHrab(as lofephw b aflirmech,alleaging
witneflesof bis opmon^Aiexander Pohbt-
ftor, and (^leodemw) or of thcSunnespre-
Icnce, <= becaufeic Js<»/ir»c<«, or of the colds
abfencCjof i and ^aiVw.as FcHm faith : or of
the word Faruat, J which in the Arabian
tongue fignifieth to diuide ( whereupon
they call this part of the world Ifrtchia) bc-
caulc it is (faith <; L'o) diuided by Nilus,and
the Sea, from the reft of the world: cr of
f 7/T/'f«^, an Arabian King which (chafed
by the Aflyrians iieere feared himfelfe : or
if any other S can giuc more probable Etymologic of the NamC; I hit not to contend.
^Jor is it meet fonne to be religious in thefe3«fi7wwo/»<«?wf-f, in this qiieda-id inqui-
\\t of %eligians. It is a great Feninfiila,hy one I^hmw, or iiecke of iaiid betwcene ihe

B b b 5 red




a Ge». if.4."
b Ant'iq.hb,U

c febis ctymis
& ahjs conjuh
T .Liiyi de yrrc.
talihn.,c'ip.i,
B Otero, © c.
dDom.7('g. .
G. ^tlh-u hijl.
Indi.rOritn c.4,
e Iii,Lco li!),i,
( Pom. Mdi.
lib i.cap.i).
g Many of the
Aniicnci, and
Lc.i a'cribcall
bc)\>n(l Ntlus
to Alu ; fo
Vol.hllllA.C.'iJ
Vion.Afiyc.
fsic emnei.



^^6 Of Jfricay and the Creatures therein. Chap»i;

red fca, and Mediterranean, ioyncd to the continent, which with the red fea aforefaid
is thcEarternc limit of Africa, as the Mediterranean onihc North, andelfewherc the
Ocean. ForNilusisamorcobfciire,andvncertaincvmpire. Somediuidethc World
into two parts, Afia and Europe, accounting Africa a part of Europe, which opinion
yarro afcribeth to Erataflhenes, SaluFl, Luc At, and v/£thicM, with Simierw, mention
h Uaginia. it. It is twice •> as biggc as Europe, and yet not fo much peopled: Nature hauin«»
made hcere her folitaric place of retiring, attended by fcorching heatcs, and fhowers
of fands, as a counterfeit of thofc heauenly raincs, and mouing waters.which the aire
and feas afford in other places. Such are the many defcrts in Africa,only fertile in bar-
rcnnefle: although in other parts it is bothfruitfull and populous. The Equinoiliall
Circle doth in manner diuide it in the middcft. And yet old Atlas neuer flieddetl\ his
fnowie haires, but hath aiwaycs on his huge and high toppes vnmolten fnow.whcncc
fomctimeitisdifperfcd (asfromaftore-houfe)infuch incredible quantitie, that it co»
uereth Carts, Horfes, and the toppes of trees, t» the great danger of the Inhabitants :
and the Fountaines are fo cold, as a man is not able to endure his hand in them. Mount
J OcAtUntl' %/1tlas aforcfaid,ftretchcth from the Ocean, ' bearing name of him.almoft to Egypt.
tHi, Other Mountaines of name arc thofc of Sierra Leona, and the LMeuntames oftht

Meone, Sic.

One Lake Zemhf, yceldeth three mightic Riuers, difemboking themfelucs into

three feucrall feas ; Nilus, which runneth Northwards fortie degrees from hencc,in A-

, flronomicall reckoning ; Cuama which runneth into the Eaftcrne j and Zaire into the

Wefternefeas : of which Riuers, and of other like, the Reader fhallfinde more in due

place fpoken. ;

Some parts of Africa are beyond admiration for barrennefle, fome for fertilitie.

k Pliit.lib.iS, P^'"J ^ mentions a Citie in the middeftoftheSands,calledTacapc,in the way to Lcp-

caf.zi. tis, which hath a fpring ofwater flowing plentifully, and difpcnfcd by courfc amongft

the Inhabitants. Thercvndera great Date-tree groweth an Oliue,vndcr that a Fig,

vnder that a Pomgranat, vnder that a Vine, vndcr that Wheat,Peafc,Herbs,all at once.

The Vine beares twice a yeare, and otherwife, very abundance would make it as bad

as barren. Somewhat is gathered all the yeare long. Foure cubits of that ibylc fquarc,

not meafurcd with the fingers ftretched out, but gathered into the fift, are fold for fo

I Bud deAlfe nianyDcnarij. This Bud<tu4 ' fummcs and proportions by the acre, after the Roman

fii.j. * * meafure, and faith. That an acre of that ground, after that rate, is prifed at 12800. Sc-

ficrtij nummi, which maketh French 3 20 crownes, not reckoning that dcfcfl of the

cubit, which being added, addes to the fumme.

The Romans reckoned fixe Prouinces in Africa: Pfo/^wf^numbrethtweluc. But
th J».UoJ.i. then was not Africa fo well knownc as now. I«h»Lte >" (a Moore, both learned and
experienced) hauing fpent many yeares in trauell, diuideth Africa into foure parts;
Bar bar Ja, Numidm, Lybia^ and the Land of J^^res. Numidia he cSlleth Biledul^erid,
or the Region of Dates : and Lybia, he callcth Sarra, for fo the Arabians call a defert.
But he thus excludeth Egypt, and both the higher and lower «/£thiopia,whicb others
n Mmnui. ° ^'^^^ hereunto, and make vp feuen parts of Africa.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 109 of 181)