Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 11 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 11 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

MethptP:>elah,z&dKisNeTphevi Lamech the father oiVjah lined : that God might
haue witnefles to conuert fome and conumce others. But v/hiles the world becom-
d Horat.Cam. mcthwotk indvjovk (i,^tM parentumveior auts Ift/it Hcs netjuiores , mox daturas
' progentemvtti0/iorem)zddugeoi'{mnei\vR,zt\dadehgc ofiudgcmentafter.drown-
cd the World. Fo"^

q Eohrf X /},

r Z(j/'.3,44-

r Pro.?.: (5.
* Sheldon in his
Motiues ob-
feructh thsfe
marriages to
be: a great
iTicane for
^ Popcrie.
t Nchem.l3.^'^
u Gibbimia

X Di- duit Vet.

y Ghal.Camb.
Camden But.

% Map of Vir-

* Pigafettd.
a liner Noort,
and Sebaflian
de U'eert.
b lid Caf'tol,

c VliaM.7.

CHAP.y. 1 he frji (Booke-. g^

For the circu'Tifhiices.of the Floiid CMofes hath more plainely related them , then
thatlfhoiild h-rEcsprcffethem. TVe^si with his three fonncs and their wiues entered
the ArkeatGods appointment, to which by diiiincinftin(^ rcforted both birds and
beads; of the cleanc leucn.and ofthe vncleanctvvo in euery kindc. If any marucll at
this diftinrtionofcleane and vncleanc in thei'e times, luppofing that God firftinthc
wilderncffcmade thispaitition-wall ;iti5 anfwered , that God before this had ap-
pointed facrifices of beafts , which mit;ht make the difference; for which caufe ahb
there was a ieuenth of euery fuch creature, referucd for facrifice after Noah going on t.
Befidcs.God had now purpofed to adde the flefhofbeafts vnto mans dyer, for whi..h
thofe, called by the IfraeHtes dearie were moft fit.and moftin vfe: and in that refpedt
more of ilich kindes were more neceflary for mans vfe in food,cloathing,
and fomeofthemalfo for labour Otherwifcno creature is vncleane in it felfe; the
Hnofe and Cudde being by Nature (Gods hand-maid) and not by their owne vice,
luch as made this dilhnciion. And after the floud God made no Law of difference
vntill the time of c^-fej^'^,ahhough each countrcy hath obfcrued their owne peculiar
cuHome in this food,fomeloathingthatwhich others eftceme dainty, not forreligi-
on but for naturall and ciuiU caufesi As at this day to thcTartarSjHorfe-flefh isroy-
all fare ; to the Arabians,CameIs ; to fome Amcricans,S: rpcnts ;and other flefh to o-
thcrs which our appetite more then our faith, our ftomacke more then,our foule ab-

Concerning the Arke,diuers doubts hauebcen mbued, through curiofitie and vn-
bcleefe of fome,vvho by diuine iultice were in a manner depriucd of fcnfe and reafon,
hauin" before through diuellifli wickednefTe lofl their conf ciencc and Rehgion.ThuS
e^/?f//«oneofc^i'^fr«flKjdifciples,couldnotfindethe Arke (after Aiofes dimenfi- e Or'ig.hom^m
on)tobccapab!eofToureEIephantsinfofnnall aquantitie; Celftu contrary to him Gcnej,z,
(yet agreeing in a foolifh impiety and impious folly) thought h great a veflellwas
too cr'eat for mans handy-worke, Thus,hke Sampfons Foxes, then- heads are diuers
\vaycs,but they are tyed together by the taylcs, agreeing in difagieeing both from -
Mofes and chemfelues.

Butmi"ht not reafon teach Ce//}«,that the direftion of God might teach a man in
an hundred and twentieyearesfpace to frame fo mightiea Fabrike? doth notfenfc
and experience fhew buildings not much leffc both on the Sea and on the Land? And
what Arithmeticke or Geometry ,nay,what wit or common fcnfe had ^pc//;?/ in his
aflertion ? The Arke was too little (forfooth) for fo many creatures and their prouifi-
onforayeare. Weneederotfeekeforfhiits fromhclpeof the Geomctricall cubitc
knowne to Mofes in his Egyptian learning,ofthree,f xe,or nine foote to the cubitc ;
as Orf><r« and f //««;» doe: nor ofthe facredcubite, imagined twice as much as the
common : nor ofthe larger flature & cubitcs ofmen in thofe youthfull times and age ^^^ "f^ ^'^ '^
ofthe world. Thclcngth whereof three hundred cubites, and the breadth fiftie, doe
makeofl'quaremeafurc by common rules of Art, fiftcenethouland cubites. Three
floorcsorroomcs were therein ofthatquantitie, each contayningtcn foot in height.
Asforthe beafts; a floorc of fifteene thoufand cubites might yeelde fiftie cubites
fquareto three hundred feucrall kindes, manymorethcnare knowne by relation of
themort Wrkcrs, y4riJiotle/Flin!!,Gef!er^&c.wh\ch fcarce reckon halle that number,
and but fortie kinds or therabouts that would take vp any great ' roome. The height » 5„j.j^ ^^.^^^
might yecldc commodious roomes for the fowles on perches; and all this might one tmes as breed
roome or floore afford. Judge then whether two other roomes of equall bignelfe, ot jnitnfaftio,
might not be fufficient for all other neceflary employments ? Bcfidcs, the roofe is not ^""^ ^'''"'^ji i'l^e
robecho'.ightvnproportionable, fitted for fo long and tempeftuous ftormes, and „,grn ,*j^_"
therefore not vntitted with roome for diuers neceflaries. And if any accufc me for jiapsw'ere not
adding this ofthe roofe to A/o/ffdefcription, I fay that fo it is tranllaredby g fome, inthcAike.
Et in ciibhi lor.gituAtnem coyi^ummato enu r«ffK»'//?-/p^?7;c' , vnderftanding thofe words 8 Trmd j^
not ofthe window (as many doe) but ofthe roofe it felfe, which clfe is no where de- ^'^""i*-
fcribedjwhich fliouid ouer-hang the Arke a cuMte breadth,to defend it the later from
raines;a5 luourhoufesthecucsand fiope roofes arc commodious bcth tor roome

E 2 within.

4© Ofthetiiujeyandcomming of the Floud. C h a p,8.

Within.andagainft the weather without. But if any would entertainc longer difputc
fe twtfelAn- about this, he may (among others that haue handled this queUion)rcrort vnto ''Go-
ti.j,Aatucr^. roptus Tlecayitu his Gigantomachta,\N\\om. in this point I would rather follow,then in
hiany other his Bffff/t'AzwfT^// paradoxes.

Noah and his family with this their retinue being emtxtA,thefcuKtawes ofthegrext
Jtepes were ofened.atidthe windswes ofheauen : the two ftore-houfes of waters which
God had feparated in the Creation , being in a manner confounded againe, the Seas
breaking their fandie barres,and breaking vp by fccret vnderminings the priuic pores
and paflages in the earth : the cloudes confpiring with the waters , and rcnuing their
6ift league and naturajl the confufion of Nature and the World, The hea-
ucnlylightshid their faces from beholding it, and cloathcdthemfclues with blacke^
as bcwayling the worlds funcrall ; the ayre is turned into a fea , the fea poffeflcth the
ayrie rcgion,the earth is now no earth.but a myrie lumpc, and all that hugcr world is
contrafted into a briefe £pitome,znd fmall abridgement in the Arke,cucn there but a
:K«w.».»o. few inches diflant from death. Thus doe all 'Creatures deteft5f» which hath made
them fubieft to Vanitie; thus Would the Elements wafli thcmfelncs clcanc from it,
and the committers thereof : but the Arke preuaileth ouer the preuailing waters , a fi-
gure of the Churchjthe remnant of the clder,and Scniinarie of the new world,
K««r«»M"appli.. This drowning of the world hath not beenc quite drowned in the world , biitbe-
eth the fable fides Mofcs many other writers haue mentioned it : the time thereof being referred toi
f>{Prm>icthem that which in each Nation was acountedmoft auncient; as among the Thcbansto
toNoah.l!b,i. Qgiges •,'m^)^effi\'^3, to Deucalion } among the Americans (although k LMercMor
Vlyefti). thinke that the Floud drowned not thofe partes, becaufe they were not yet peopled,
and becaufe the beafts there are mofl-what differing kindcs from tlicfe in our world)
the people haue retained the tradition hereof: Mnafem amongthe Phoenicians, Tjc-
ro[w a Chaldean, f/z^rfl^/ww z/Egyptins, Nicelant of Damafcus, the Poets Greekc
andLatine, addingfables to the truth (which without fome ground of truth they
could not haue added) all mention the FJoud;howfocuerconfounOing the Icfll- and
later with this firft and vuiuerfall,

I might adde the tcflimonies oiSupelemus,Mo[o»,^bidenus, Alexander^ VolyhU
y?or,out of Eufel?iuj,Iefephus,znd others. Lucian in his 'Dca Syna^tellcth the opinion
of the Hierapolitans but a little corrupted from M»fes Narration: that Countrey
wherein '?»(<'^/' liued,moft likely retayning firmer memoric of this miracle : fo plainly
dothhe attribute to his 2)*«<-^/w» the Arke, the rcfort and fafc-gard o^the Lions,
Bores,Scrpents,and Beafts : the repairing of the World after the drowning thereof,
which he alcribeth to periuric, cruelty, and other abhominations of the former peo-
ple. That "Bfra/^j which we now haue,is not fo much astheghoft, or carkafTcjand
fcarce a few bones of the carcafle of that famous Chaldean Author mentioned by the
Ancienrs, but the dreams of Annms (no new thing in this laft age)coined for the moft
paut in his name. Some fragments d'Ecrofm wee haue cited in other Authours that
cbnuince this Baft-nd.

Among others , fomewhat ofthc Floud hath cfcaped drowning: histeftimonie

1 Eu^eb. chron, whereof fct downc inTo/yhiflor and uibideriHs^xs in ' EtifebiMs. He affirmeth that5<j-

Griet.scilii, tur/jc gaue wcrning to Sifnthras of this deluge.and willed him to prepare a great vef-

fc .i.c^ e rit- ^j,Ho,.fi-,jp^^,j^ejfj,^joputconuenientfood,and to fauehimfelfc and his kindred and

acquaintance,which he builded oflcngth fiue furlongSjof breadth two. After the rc-

tyriiigofthewaters,hefent out a bird which returned: after a few dayeshc fenthcr

forth againe,which returned with her feet bernired; and being fcnt the third time,

T./ ,. J. j.^: came no more: with otherthings to like purpofe.which /'»/T%/orthcre,and iAhtde-

moHUmParat!- »ftscyteznouiciBeroffis. T'/ar^tmariathaHo written of this Done, fent by Deftcalt-

me, en out of the Arkc,whichretuining was a figne of tcmpcft and flying forth of fairc




ChAp.S. ThefirJlBooke. 41

Chap. VIII.

O/ihe re-^ee fling "/ the world : and of the dinifion of Tongues
And Nations.

Ow » G o i> remewbtcd N o a.h , faith CMofes; hot that God can ^ c-oiefS
' for<'e:, but that he declared his Diuincpovvcr, whereby A/*/*^ might
know hee was not forgotten. Th^t)d\dthc^ Heartens rememheriheiT b HeLz.zi
wonted influence in the Elements : then did the Elements remember
their natural! order : God made a wittde to paflTe in CommilTion,
and asacommon vnipirc, toendtheirvnnaturallftrife, forcinj^the
Waters into their ancient precinflsabouc and beneath the Firnament. (^ iy^mbrofe c AmbldeSo,
interpreteth this l^'inde of the H o l T e Ghost. "Efipertfis of the Sunne. The Kupcu.^.
moft ofa winde, which yet naturally could not be J>roduccd from that rvateriemajfe,
butb'ythcextraordinariehandofGod'i.) Then did the Earth reKember\\ex9\x^\n- j Perer.mGe^.
heritancc, bein" freed from the tyrannicall inuafion and vfurpaticn of the Waters, hb.ij.
And what could then forget or be forgotten , whcnG o d remembred Noah and
aR that rvMW:th him m the Arke?

Andinthcefeuenthmoncihjthefcuenrecnthdayof thcmoncth, theArkerefted e An.Mi'.nd.
vpon the Mountaines of Ararat. This fell out in the ycare from the Creation l5^6, »*5*- «hs
The f Septuacint, and the Fathers that followed them , reckon farre otherwife : ^^°"
whicherrour of theirs , differing from the Hebrew veritic, s yingnflme zknhf:s to Sep'c.'iiAi.aDa
thefirll Copiers of thatTranflation : ^ Others tothcirownefct purpofv.-, thatthey after the mofl
mi^ht contend with other Nations in the challenge of Antiquitie : forthat caufc, ancient copies
and left the often halfing of ages fnould trouble the ftithjcfle, faith Maflcr ^roMghton, *^^»- ^"h- .
theyfaine ^^w^*, betwixt Arfhaxad^nASelah : in which account if' L»i^f inhis S^^'^""'-^"'
GcncalogiehathioUowedthcm, it is to becafcribed to them which would correit t^^dcm!'adii,
Lfikj bv their corrupt tranflation of the Scptuagint, for ^ fome Copies of the Goipell h funi'us.
haue wanted it. The place is commonly thought to bee Armenia, The SibyliKeQ. Braugkton. ,
racks (ifatleaft we may fo call thofe eight bookes in Greeke vcrfe, tranflatcdinto ' M«3-;6'. .
Latin by C<jf]fj/;»») doeplace ' Ararat mPhrygia, andfay, it is the Hill whence the ^Jj^""*'""''*
RiuerMarfyasidiieth. But^^^Z/^^frcenfurethour^/^^/j-to be counterfeit, inuented j sib'yl.PrM.L
with zeale to vp-hold the Truth by falfhood : in which our later Legendaries hauc i..^furgitphry-
followed them. gi<emom,&c.

'n Coroftus after his wont paradoxicall,holdeth it to be the Hill Paropanifu5,or Pa- ^'^^''^ na-
ropamifus.apartoftheHiil Taurus (vnproperly afcribcdtoCaucafus , whichrileth 's^IqII^''
betweenetheEuxme and Hitcan Sea) fuppofed the higheft part of the Earth, called ni'c In-
now, "Naugracot. Hccimagined, that the place firftinhab'ted afterthe Floud was doffyiluia.pag.
Margiana, whence thole Colonics pafled that with A'/wr^i:/ built Babylon. Hisrca- 47?.
fon is, becaufe°//;f7w<'«f/'o»?/^<f£<»/? to the Plaine of Shinar,whereas Armenia bea- " ■^.P«//F:«<
rcthfomcwhatWcftward from thence. Asihough that iourney had becne prefcntly " '^°

after the Floud, which was an hundred ycares after: in whichlpaceitishkely that
they followed the mountainous countries Eaftward along time, and from Ailyria A-
diabena, turned back into that fertile Plaine, wherepride, fulnefle of bread, and
abundance ofidlcneflcjfet them on workeagainft G o D, I hold it not meet, thac
a few coniedlures fliould counterpoife the generall c onfcnt of all ages. Iofeph»j faith,
the placein Armenia was called Apobaterion , of this their going forth of theArke r
and alleagcth TJirro/w.f teftimonie, that a part of this Arke was then laid to rcmainc in
the Cordyjcan (or Gordyxan) Hills, thepitch whereof fome fcraping away,wore the
fame for Amulets. Kndo\iioiT^ichfDamafcc>tnslib.g6, There is (faith he) aboue
theRegionofihcMinya;, a great Hill in Armenia, by name Baris, wherein, theyfny,
many fauedthemfeluestn the time of the floud, and one, brought in an Aike, there
fiaied (the remnants of the wood thereof continuing there long rime after) which
happily was he that yW^o/^.f the lewifhLaw-giuer writ of. Thismountaineor moun- jrmtli^
tainous Region the Chaldean Paraphraft calleth p K-trd::; CkiUms iCard.ti ?>ior7tes \ lunAnnuK

E 3 ttoloTTiAUSi

41 Of the re -pe iplin^ of the World ^ or • C h a f . S.

Pfo/ciw,f«/,Gor<^/^/: the people arc called C4r^7,£;, or Gordjai. In this Traft (laich

t.p'ffhanMb.1. Epiphii/j.) there is one high Mountaine called Lubar,\vh)ch fignifieth the defcending

tmt.Har. pj3^g. ^Lubar in tlie Armenian and Egyptian language fignifying the fame that d'wo-'

^et.7i\ficv before mentioned) and the word ^^r« before cued out of £)<t»?<«/fc«M fee-

ineth to be corruptly written for Lubaris.

The Armenians through all ages haue (as it fecmetb) referued the niemorie hereof:

1 Cart^rightt and eueu i in our daycs there ftandeth an Abbey of Saint Grf^er/e^Monkcs neare to

Traucls. this Hill, wliich was able to rcceiue '" 5'/)^«|/^T/.w»<iw, and a great part of his Annie,

^ y Perfian j^^^^ Menkes, if any lift to bclecue them , fay that there remaineth yet fomc part of

' '*' the Arke , kept by Angels : which , if any feeke to afccnd , carne them back as farrc

in the night , as they haue climbed in the day. Cartwrtght , an eye-witncfle , faith

that this Hill is alwaies cou;red with fnow ; at the foot thereof iflue a thoufand

Springs ; there are adioyning three hundred Villages of the Armenians. He fa ith alfo

, . that there arc feene many ruinous foundations, fuppofcd to be the woikcs of this firft

CYtec.EiilebM peoplc,that a long time dui ft not aducnturc into the lower Countries, for feareofan-

&■ mfirni. E- other fiould. " Ahidenus faith, that the Ship or Arke was ftill in Armenia (in his time)

umg.l.^.c.^. and that the people vfcd the wood thereof againft many difcafes with marucllous

5"jcitcihfeuen After that Noah had obtained his dejiuerance, and was now gone out of the Arke;

precepts of hisfirft care was" Religion : and therefore ht? hailtan tAltarto theLcrd.znA tcokc

js'of; fiift , to ofcucry cleane beaft, and ot euerycleanefowle, and offered burnt offerings vpon

obferue iu- the A!tar:And the Lord fmelled a i~auour of reft, and reuucd the ancient blefTings and

ftice : f^cond- prcnifesto NoAh and his pofteritie.Theliuing creatures were alfo permitted to their

phe'me: diira^ly foo^c, and fubmittcd to their rule, by w horn they had in the Arke efcaped drowning.

not to vncoucr Only the bloud was prohibited to thcm,as a ceremonial obferuation to inftruft them

any mans na- in lenitie and hatred of crueltie:ihe politicall Ordinance being annexed touching the

kednes: tounh bloud ofman,againft man or beaft that ftiould fhcd the fame. This difference being

ferno^w'' SallcagedofthelifeofManandBcaft, thatthclifeoftheBcaftishisbloud, thclifc

eate a m'einber ofMan is in hisbloud. Not that the bloud which we fee fhed is the life of the beaft;

of any beaft for that is properly , Cu/or, not 5rf»^«M, that is, the matter, whofe forme was the life

yethuing.tJxt- crvitall fpirit, which being feparatcd from the bodie, is fcuered alfo from the forme

ly.nottuieiue of];fe. And the life of beafts hath no Other forme but that which is vnitedwith the

1 '"no 'to rob 1^1°"'^'^^ the life of trees is the fappe of tf ees; their bloud bcing(as it were)thcir foulc.

hx.K Ab.hen. ' B"^ ^ ^^^ ^'f^ of man is in his bloud,hauing his feat therein, lining when it is by death

K^aiian feparatcd from the bloud ; mcane while the Spirits being the pureft part of the bloud

q Gibbmiin as conduits conueying life to the bodily members , End as firme bands of a middle

^'"fl- I nature,betwcenethebodyandfou'e,vniting them together; which bands and car-

i" A fit' pc'eu- liages being broken by cffufion of bloud, the foule fubfifteth a fpirituall fubfiance

d!:)n antmaqux- without the bodic, not fubiei> to fubftantiall corruption or mortalitie.

Inaniia, homi- God did alfo make a couenant for man with the beafts of the field, infufin'^into

num ucrofub- the nature of all things, a dread and feare of man, whereby they feare the power, the

fhrnm, Aquft. flares, and ftcights ot'man, and therefore flee or elfe fubmit themfelues . not by that

hmMtmxAn. willing inHuKt, mo ^dam in mnocencie, but rather with a feruiie feare. And al- Oenjim- though by hunger orprouocation, orfeare of their owne danger , theylbmetimes

malMb.i. rebell, yet otherwife there reniaincs fomeimprelTion of this naturall decree in them,

i RomM.yo. as experience in all places hath fhewed. Euen the Lyon, Kingofforrefts and fauage

i, *^8^*'^£^T <^''^^t^"res,doth not eafilygiiieon-fer, but on fuchoccahons: yea the Moores meeting

Md-w.cmefi. with this beaft,doe rate and braule at him ; this magnanimousbeaft paffingby with

u Rabbm »■« a leering countenance, exprelTing a mixtpafTionofdreadand difdaine, fe.iringthe

Ir'idi-i cotores voice ot one,that fcareth not the weapoi.s of many, and which himfelfe, by the terror

tejtrunt adtres of his voice, maketh the beafts to tremble. Hereunto the Lord addeth the R.ainbovv,

^^T^'^chiiu- 2"^^^' Sacrament, to feale his mercifull Couenant with the earth, not to drowne the

»! -lumw colo- ''^''"^ ^"y rnoi'C; which yet at laft fhall be burnt with fire , fo to purge the heauens and

rcs^^dii.eU- csrthof .hat i" x/^wf/f, whereto mans (inne hath fiibiefted them. And thus much doe

tnma.G'.by . \ ibme reade in the colours of" the RaiuboWj of a waterifh and fieric mixture , as a


G H A p . S . Thefirjl Boo he a 4 ^

cotuinueci fignc of the double deftru6lion of the world , the firft outward as alreadie

pa'Ct, theother inward as ycc to come. Well, indcedc, may this Bow be called the

<\ Child of iVonder, both for the naturall confiitution and diuine ordinance .-not that q iriiThaU.

there was before "^ no llich creature, bur that tlien this vfcofthe creature wxsorday- mMt.fiha.

red. ThcreflciVionorrei'railionofthcSunne-beamcsinavvateriecIoudjthcbrighc- ■■ ^'''"ifum ci'

rcfli from theSunne,and the cloud meeting together, the varietie of colours procee- ^!'''^l'.^- """^'^

dingfronithevanctieofmatter J the fumilli and dryer part of thccloudeyeclding a „.",7i4 i»'c?V

ptirpHfli.thcwaterieagrcenifhSea-eolour, &c. borrowingthe roundueflefrom the

Sunne halfe eclipfed by the fliadow of the Earth, arc accounted the naturall caufcs of

this wonder of Nature; fometimealfoby reafonofaboundanccofmattcr, the fame

bein" doubled, one Bow within the other, their colours placed contrarie,for that the

one is the Image (by rcflcflion) oftheother. Neither is it to bee thought, that

there was no R^inebow before the floud, anymore then that there was no water,

bread orwine,betorethcinllitution of our Chnflian Sacraments, whichnameand

^jenit'ic, not Nature, but Vie, by the appointment of the G c d of Nature and

Grace, doth giue vnto them. For not in the cloudcs alone is this Bow to bee fceue,

but as further witncfTe of the naturall caufesandconrtitution thereof, the fame cfted

may be fhcwed by concurrence of like caufes in the Waters and Rocks where Riuers

haue their falls ; yea on the buildings of men : as I my felfchaue fccnc aperfcd Raine-

bow by the reflection of theSunnc-beames on a boarded wall of a Water-mill,

thcboordes thereof being very wee with the fall of the water, andoppofite tothe

Sunne. +-.•••

The Sonnes of ^oah were Sem (which becaufe of Diuine priuiledgc, from whofe
loynes Chrilt was to come, according to the flefh is firlt named) ILjm o::f ham, znd
Jafk-tb, who fcemeth (as f learned men gather by the ' Text)tobee thceldeft. Fa- f ums&ar^\
hulous LMethodtHs , c omrzi'ie toM ofe j , fpcakcthof an other Sonne yo»/f6/<^ after I'crerius comri
thcfloua whereas the "Scripture faith, 1)^ztoii)^o(tthreeiillthe£aTth\<zixcv[c- li!j.-'1'»Gcn.
■(] A "^ Gf«

To Hiew direftly which Nations defccnded of each of thefc three , were a hard " '''"''^''' ''*
taske : and now after this confufion of Nations by warres,leagucs,and othcrwife,im-
pofTible. Butforthefirflbcginningsof Nations, before that Colonies were by vio-
lence of Conquerors, or by themfelues, in their exceeding multiplyuig , voluntarily
tranflated from one place to another, they are by /J^o/fx faithfully related , although
the confufion of Languages and of Peoples do make the matter hard and harfh to vs.
Yet the names of Nations in the Grecke ftories do in grcatpart agree wuh the names
ofthcfefirflPatriarkes, as >^M.5rw^^/o» hath flicwed, by laying downethenames ^ nrsughtons
orVi9«Ajhoufe,which,vnvoweilcd,may admit fundrie pronouncings, letting againf^ Confcnt.
them fuch names as Heathen Authors haue mentioned. Out of him, and Anas Mon^
taniM his Phtileg, and others, wliat I thought likelicfi;, I haue here inferted.

lapheth, lafetHS : g orner ,ox litcc xhz Septuagint Gamer iCzimx'nx Cimmcrij and
Cimbri. v /o/;p,^.'« (aith. That the Inhabitants ofGalatia were of Comer fomctinies y Weph.Ant.L
called Gomara:. ^ Mafier C^^wi^wderiueth the ancient Gaules and Britans from this i.trem.&iun.
^tfWfr:thc name which they giue to themfelues to this day implying the fame,which -^''- .

isi<r«wf>'«,C)wyo,andJC«>«m,aBrittiniorWelfiiwom3uiC«wf/'«i?i, andthcirlan- ^ ''"" •^"''
guage K»mtraig.

* tJ^f<7^o^isfuppofcdtheFatherof the Scythians, before (^foihh/ofephtij) called • ^tageg.Maf:
./J/^^ff^if/,£si<^58.2.& 59.6. who after inuadingthofepartSjletl; the name Afrf^ff^to fa^ctx "a-Oeu,
HierapoUs in Syria : 'Plm.L'y.c.2-^ . OiAladai came the Medcs , of Lman the Jones
or Grecians. Of Ihuddrhz Iberians, called fomctime (faith lofcfhus) Thobeh, The
Iberians, faith (Jlfo»M/j«i,dwcltneare to Meotis rcertainc Colonics of them inha-
bited Spaine, and called it Hibcria, and themfelues Hibcrians : whence the Spaniards
haue a report, that Z^w^'t/ was the firl^peopler of their Countrie. The Cappadocians
•were called Mcfchini of Mejhcch, whole Citie Mazaca was named oiMf(hech, fincc
by T/^^T/w named ^"fp)-?^, where £<3/j"/ was Bifhop, Hence was named jyiofchicMS
«;««/,and MofciioS; andihc Mofcouitcs.


44 Of the re 'pto^lin^ of the World , (isrc- C h a p . 8.

From TkirM came the Thracians, The name Tros may caufe men to afcribe the
Troians to this beginning. Ot the Sonncs o(Gomfr, Afchenaz. \vas Author ofthe Na-
tions in Afia, Pontus, and Bithynia, w here was the Lake and Riuer Aicanius, a pro-
per name alfo of men in thofe parts : the Axine or EuxineSca : the Afcanian Hand,
and Afcania inPhrygia. Oi Rtphathamc thePaphiagonians, fometimes called the
Riphathzi, faith lojtfhus : and the Riphian Hils in thcNorth : the Amazouians were
* Herod. Md- ^'^° called i/£orpataj* : The Arimphei alfo,ncare to the Riphcan Hills.

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 11 of 181)