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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 110 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 110 of 181)
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Pory. Many are the <> Creatures which Africa yceldeth.not vfuall in our parts.Elephants

o lo. Ler, lib.9. are there in plentie, and keepe in great herdes together. The Gtrajfa,or Came/op4rda~
lU ; a beal^ not often feene, yet very tame,and of a ftrangc compofition,roixcd of a Li-
P P.sdlon. 1.1. bard,Hart,Buff€,and Camell, P and by rcafon of his long legs before, and fhorter be*
etfp.49. doth hind, not able to grafe without difficultic,but with his high head ,which he can f^reteh
largely dc j- j^ j^^j^ ^ j^ length in heightjfeeds on the leaues and bouches of trees. TheCa-
mels m Atrike are more hardy then in other places ; and will not only bearc great bnr-
then,but continue to trauel fifty daies togcther.without carrying with them any come
to giue them,but turne them out at night to feed on thifllcs,boughes,& the little giafftf
they find:and no leffe patient are they of thirft,being able to endure fifteen daies with-
out drink vpon neceffity.and fine daies ordinarily. The Arabians in Africa countthcm
their grcatcfl wealth : for fo they defcribe a mans riches, faying, He loMthfo many ihou-
fand Cartfels-.ind with thefe they can liue in the deferts without dread of any Prince.Of
Camels they hauc three fonsjthc firft called ///'//ww.ofgrcat feature & nrength,able to

carrv



Chap, I- AFRICA. The fix t ^ookel



557



taileoftheone
3.Cubitslongj
oftheoihera
Cubit broad.
ri. Heiod.rha!,

Plm.i.ai9.
aOfEaftvvooi



carry a thoufand pound waight: the Iccoud lefle, with two bunches on the backe, fit
for carriage and to ride on, called Becheti, of which they haue onely in Aha. The third
fort called K^guahil, is meagre and fmail, able to trauell (for they are not vfed to bur-
thens) aboue an hundred miles in a daie. And the King of Tombuto can fend meflen-
gersonfuch Camels to SegelmeflcorDarha, nine hundred mylesdiftant, in ieuenor
eight dayes, without ftay or change by the way. Their Camels alfo are docible : they
will more bee perfvvadedtoholdonaiourney further then ordinarie by fongs, then
blowcs. In the Spring they are mare- wood, and mad of copu!ation,in which time they
are very rcadic bothtohurt their followers, and to kilUheirmaifters, or any thathauc
whipped or hurt them.Of horfes they haue both wildc(which they entrap by fubtilty)
and tame: of which the Barbaric Horfe is famous , in Europe and Afia highly prized.
The Lant or Dant is akinde of wilde kinc, but'fwifter then almoft anie other
Beaft. They haue alfo wilde Kine and wilde Aflcs. The Adimmaiuis asbigge " Cahndtrari
tsan AffejOtherwiferefemblingaRamme. They haue other fheepc," whofeTailes ««iw<i'. fpeakcs
weigh twcntie pound, and fomctimefourefcore or more, carried on little Carts be- ofi-'''n'les:thc
hinde them. But thofe Adimmain are found in the Deferts.and kept to profit^yeclding
them Milke and Cheefe. The Females only haue homes.

The Lyons in cold places are more gentle , in hotter are more fierce , and will not
flee the on fet of two hundted Horfemen armed. M^ lehnyajf/il » (a friend and neigh-
bour of mine)told me that he brought out of Barbarie a Lyons skinnc, which from the
filouteto thetoppeoftheTaile contained one and twentie foot in kngth.Strangeitis
that a Lyoneffe by fhewing her hinder parts to the Male, fhould make him run away.
In time of their coupling eight or ten will follow one Female, with terrible and blou- in Eflcx
die battels amongftthemfelues. They engender backward,'' as doc the Camel, Elc- ^ Ptitli.M^,
phant, Rhinoceros, Ounce, and Tygcr. Thcyfparcfuchmenasptofiratcthcmfelues, ^*'""" ^^fS^-'
and prey rather on men then women, and not at all on Infants, except compelled
by hunger. Tlmie tels that jilexander fet thoufands on worke by hunting , hawking,
filliinf^ or other meanes to take and learne the Natures of Creatures , that Ariflotle
m ght be by them informed thereof, who wrote almoft fiftie Trcatifes of that Subie^i,
whei cof It feemeth moft arc loft. He citeth out of ^ him , that Lyons bring forth fmall
dcfomj;-dlumpes,atthefirfltimefiuc, and (eueryyearc after} one Icflc, after the fife
b'.irthei! remaining barren. It cannot ftirre till it be two moncthes olde, nor goe till it
be fixe if you beleeue him. The Lybians belecuc that the Lyon hath vndcrfianding of
prayers, and tellof a Getulian woman, which lying at the Lyons mercy befought him
foNobleaBeaff,nottodifhonour himfelfe with fo ignoble a prey and conc)ucrt,as dOuieJ hiftjnd,
fi-icea wcake woman was. The like is tolde "^ ofa Spanifh Doggc,ofone Dtducm Sa- ''^-'^-'^'^f"'
/<«z.<jra Spaniard. This man according to the bloudicpravilife ofthat Nation, mind,
ding to fill his Dogges belly with an olde womans flefh which was his Captiuc , gaue
her a I et er to carrie to the Gouernour, and fo foonc as fhcc was a little pafl , loofcd
his Mafliffe, who prefently had ouer-takcn her. The Woman terrified , profkates her
fclfctotheDogge, and lues for her life ; GoodMaifter Dogge, MaffcrDogge (faith
rhc) in her language, I carry this Letter to the Gouernour (and flie wcs it him) Be not
fierce on me Matter Dogge. The Dogge(hauing changed, it feemes , with his Ma-
flerhis doggedneffcforthe others humanitic) made a (fay and lifting Vp his legge
onely piffed on her and departed, to no (mall wonder of the Spaniards that knew
him.

ButtorcturnetotheKingof Beafts. HisTaile feemeth to bee his Scepter, where-
by he expreflfeth his pafTion.Hc fhrinkes not at danger, except fome couert of Woods
fliroiide him from witnefTes, and then he will take the benefit of flight , which other-
wife he feemes to difdainc. Mentor, a man of Syracufa, was cncountred with a Lyon,
which inffeadoftearing him, fawned on him, and with his dumbc eloquence feemed
to implore his aide, fliewing his difcafed foote , wherein Mentor pcrceiucd a liubbc A Ge!6ui A'oi?,
flicking, which hce pulled out. The like is reported by Geliim out o( Poijhtftor, ofa ^^"^•
Fugitiue Scruant who hauing performed this kindeofofficetoaLyon, was by him
gratified for a long fpace with adaily portion of his prey. But after this the man was
taken and prefcnted to his Mafter (a Roman Seoatour) who exhibited Games to the

Romanes,



cAi-ipt.Hi^.
Anmmtium,



P iban Caluett
inEca\onJib.^.



y



518



Of the Creatures m Afriat.



Chap.i.



c Ar'ifl-.Hlft,
animal.1.6 j2



Romanc?, wherein Scniants and condemned Pcrfons were cxpcfed tothe turie of the
Beafles, amongft whom hoe placed this Seruanc; and by a wondcrfull Fate, this Lyon
fflfo was a httle before taken and bcftowcd on li.m for this folemne fpcdlacle. The
Beafts running with violence to their b'.oudie encounter , fodainly this Lyon flayed,
and taking little better View fawned on this his gucft , and defended him horn the af-
fault ofche other Beafts: whereupon, by the peoples cntreatic (who had learned the
Storic of him) he was freed,and the Beaft giutn him : which followed him with a Line
in the ftrcetes, the people pointmg and faying; Hie eft hcmo A-iedicw Uonu,H,c eft Lt»
hofpcs hominis .Oat E/pis a Samian performed a cure on another Lyon, pulling a bone
ciutofhisthroate, at the Lyons gapinganti filcntmone: and in remembrance hereof
built iTemple(3t his retUrrte)to BacchM at Sango whom before he had inuokcd being
in fcare of a Lyon.

Pline and Solinn-s among other African Beafles mcntioti the Hyaria, which feme
thinkc tobemaleoneyeere, and Female another, bycoiirfcrThis y^n/7o//f « dcr.ies.
This Beaft hath no necke ioynt, and therefore (lirres not his necke, but with bending
about his whole bodic.Hc wil imitate hutriane voyce,and drawing ncere to the fJKep-
(coates, hauing heard the namcof fome of the Shephcards w ill call him , and when hee
comes, deuourc him. They tell that his eyes arc diucifified with a thoufand colours,
that the touch of his fliadow makes a Dog not able to barkc.By engcndring with thij
Beaftjthe Lyoneffe brings forth a Ctocuta, of like qualitcs to the Hyxna. He hath one
continued tooth without diuifiort throughout his mouth.In Africa alfo arc wild Aflesj
among which, one Male hath many Femalei,:a iealous beaft,who (for fearc ofaftcr cn-
crochmg) bites offthe Irotics of the young Males, if the fufpicrotis Female preiient him
not by bringing forth in a clofc place where he fliall not find it.Thc like is toldc oiBc.
uerSf f which being hunted for the medicinable qualitie bfthcir ftoncs, are faid to bite
their, off when they arc in danger to be taken,paying that ranfom for their liues.It can*,
not be true tliat is reported ot the Hyccncum, s a Hone found in the Hyina's eye , thac
being put vnder the tongue ot a man he fhall foretell things to come, except heefore-
tell this, That no man will beleeuc w hat our Authour before hath told. The Libard is
not hurtful to men except they annoy him : but killcth and catetk Dogs, Dabnh is the
name ot a fimple and bafe Creature i;ke a Wolfe , Isue that his leggcs and feet are like
to a mans: '' lb foolifh, that with a fong , and a Tabcr, they which know his hiimt will
bring him out ofhisdennc, and captiuehils cares with thdr Mijficke, while another
eaptuiateth his legges with a Rope.

The Zebra ot all Creatures for beautie and comclirrtfTc isadmirably pleafingrrc-
fcmbling aHorfc of cxquifitc compofition,but not all io fwifc, all ouer-laid with par-
tie coloured Laces, and guards, from head toTailc. They liue in great Heards,asl
was told by my friend ^W/vrw 'Buttle , who liued in the Kingdomc of Congo many
ycarcs, and for the fpacc of ibme monethes liued on the flefli of this beaft, which hee
killed with his Peece, For vpon fome quarell betwixt the Portugals (amongwhotri
he was a Sergeant of a band) and him, he liued eight or nine monechcs m the VVoodcs
where he might hauevicw of hundreds together in Heardsboth of rhefe, andofElc-
pbnnts. So fimple was the Zebra, that when he fiiot one, hee might fhootftill , they
all ftanding ftill at gaze, till three or foure of them were dead. Btu more flrange it fec-
tned which hcc tolde mec of a kinde of great Apes, if they might ib bee termed, of the
height ofa man, but twice as b.gge in fcaturcot their limmcs , with ftrcngth propoti
tionable.hairieall ouer,othcrwifc altogether like iTien and women in their whole bo-
dily fhape. They lined on fuch wilde fruits as the Trees and Woods yeelded,2nd iri
i Satyrcs (if the night time lodged on the Trees : Hee was accompanied with twoNcgro-Boyes:
thnre be any and they carried away one ofihcm by a hidden lurprile : yet not hurting him, as they
luch) arc vfc not tcf doc any which they tike , exceptthe Captitie doc then looke vpon them,

t'^ouv'.icto c Thisfl'a.jcjfi-cr a monethes life with tliem conuayed himfelfcawayaaainctohisMa-
concciued ot n ^i . i ,i \ c i \ r- i 7- i i /-•

humane copu- if er.Othcr Apes there are Itore.and as tioUmts reporteth,' Satyrcs with tcct like Uoats,

bc.on iviib and Sphyngcs, with breafts like women, and hairic, w hereof /'/fr/w faith he law one
Goats Dmdins at Verona, and a kind of Conies alfo at the fanie time, fotire times as bi"p,easihcor-
HI Soli/s. din3Ty,and(\vhich is more incredible)had each cf them foure genitall members. P-fe- .



ivhi'.ncy £mbh
Soimiii,
g M irbodeui
dc Cemmis,



cillctlitliem
Cdphis,



Chap.i. AFRICA. Thefixt 'Boohl



55P



tippB Pig'tf'lt'* fpeaketh in his Relation « of Congo, of other Bcalls in Africa, as of the
Xygcr as fierce and criicil as Lyons making prey of man and Beaft, yet rather dcuou-
ringblackc men, then white: whofcMuftachiosarcholdcn for mortall poyfon,and
beiiig«'iuen in mcatcs,caufc mentodle madde. TheEmpalangais fomevs'fiatliketo
an Oxe. Their Sheep and Goats neuer bring forth leffe then two, and fomctimes three
or fore at a time. They hauc Wolues Foxes, Deere, (Red and Fallow) Robuckcs , Ci-
uer-Cats, Sables and Marterns.

They haue Snakes and Adders^ whereof fome arc called ImbumM fine and twcntic
f fpanncslong, lining in Land and Water , not venemousbut rauneous, and lurke in
Trees (for which taking purpofe, Nature hath giucn itaiittlehorneor ciavvvviihin
two or three foote of the Taiie) waiting for their prey, which hauing taken, it deiioii-
rcth homes, hoofes, and all, although it be a heart. And then fwolne with this fo huge
amealeitisasit weredrunkeandfleepy,andvnweIdieforthcfpaccoffiueor(ixdaics.
The Pagan Negros roft and cate them as great dainties. The biting of their Vipers kil-
lethin foure and twentiehouresfpace. Africa for monficrs in this kinde hath beene fa-
mous, as in the Romaft Hiftorie appcareth. Atttiiw g Regulus the Roman Conful in the
firft Punicke Warre, at theRiuer Bagiada encountred with a huge Serpent, and plan-
ted his Engines and Artillerlc againB the fame, whofe skinne, fent to Rome for a Mo-
nument , was in length a hundred and t wentie foot, as GelliHs out oil nbere reporteth.
The Scales ^> armed it from all hurt by darts or Arrowcs, and with the breath it killed
many, and had eaten many of the Souldiours before they could w ith a itonc out of an
Eng nedeftroy thisdeftroyer. TheRiuersof Niger, Nilus, Zaire, andothcis, hauc
ftore of Crocodiles , whereof fome are of incredible bigncfle and grecdic deuourers,
yiriFloile faith that Crocodiles haue no tongue's, but I my ielfehauc fccene both great
and little (faith our Authour) dead and dried, in all which I found a tongue , but Tery
fhorc, fiat and large. Strange it i's that they tell of the number of fixtie in this beaft, his
age,6o.yearcs,6o.teeth,egges,and dayesof hatching i6o.being.

Mount Mlas hath plentje ofDfagons, grofic of bodic, flow of motion, and in bi-
ting or touching incurably venemous. The Deferts ot Lybia haue in them many ]riy-
dra's.'Z)«M is the name ofakinde of great Lizard, notvenemous, whichncuerdrin-
kcth, and if water be put inhismouthheprcfentlydyeth. He is counted damtiemeatr
and three dayes after he is kiHed^attheheateof the fire heerooucthas if hce had life.
]n Congo is a kindc of Dragons like in bignes to Rammcs, with wings, hauing long
Tailes.andChappes, anddiucrsiawesofTeeth, ofblew and grecne colour, painted
like fcales, with two feetCj and f^edc on raw flefli. The Pagan Negros pray to them ay
Codsforwhich caufe the greatLords keep them to make a gaine of thepeoplcsde-
uotion, whichoffcrthcir giftSrandOblations. The Chameleons areknowne among
Vs, admirable for their aerie fuftcnance, (although they al(o hunt andeatcFlyes) and
for the changeablencfle of their colours ' into all (as Theophraftus faith) but redde and
and white. TbeTarandus is aBeaft fomewhat refembling an Oxe, in quantitic, a
Hart in fhape, the skinne hard, a finger thicke,fit for fliieldi,haired like a Bcare.liuing,
isTheofhraflus i&xmei\\\nSixmiiii,Soli«us faith in t/£thiopia , fcldome fcene, of
incredible changeablencfle to the colourof that which isncxtic. The Polypus fcc-
mcth by his breath to change his colour, his lunges extending almoft through all his
bodie : which ^r/i?of/rteftificthhedoth both for feare and hunting his prey : adding
the.fair.e qiialitie of another Fifh called a Cuttell. An other Serpent hath a rundle on
his Taile like a Bell, which alfo ringcth as it gocth. But if any defire to know the varie-
tje of thefe Serpents, Salttiut in his thirteenth Chapter will more fully latisfie him and
JB<//««;«/ in his obferuaiions.

Manifold are thefe kindesofSerpents in Africaasthe Cermjies , which hath a little
Coronet offourc homes, whereby he allureth the birds vnto him (lying hidden in the
fands all but the head,) and (o deuourcth them. The lacfi/idtrt thcmfelues from Trees
on(uch Creatures aspafle by. The Amphisbena^hzthtwo heades, the Taile alfoon^r-
rated, (I cannot fay honoured) with a head, which caufeth it tomooue circularly with
crooked windings : a fit Embleme ofpopular fedition.wherc the people will rule their
Princcj needes niufl their motion be crooked, when there are two heades, and there-
fore



e Coni.0 tian-
flattd by A. Hi



(Strabo and ^-
gaibunlndfs
wiite rhacthey
hid lecnc Sei-
pentsjo.cubits
long. .



g /I Gel.1.6 f,j,

U-UiiObje-
qucflsCap.if.



h Oref.l.n C.8.



Treafmie of
timcs/.j.cji.
fee the whole
Chapter.



P.riggfet.



Thcnphra^. de
Mtmal.



5^o



Of the Creatures tn Africa.



C H A P.l.



l'OiU,&C.

c Lemniia de ec-



fornone. TheScythale ij admirable in her varied lacket. The Dipfas killes thofc
whom fliee fhngeth, with thirft. The Hypanale with flccp,as befell to Cicopatra.The
Hemerois with vnttanchablc bleeding. The Preftcr with fwelling. And nottopoyfon
iGtilUn I'lbJe you with names of many other ofthele poyfonfull Creaturcs.thc Bafiliske is faid to kil
Theriafd. with her fightor hifiinga ^/«/f» defcribesit , and lo doe5o//««/and others. It is not

Plmy faith it is j^ ^jfj, ^ fgot long, and hath three pointcls ( Gtnlen faith ) on the head, or after Selmtu,
kni^and^line ftra^eslike aMitre.Itblafteth the ground it touchcth,thcHcarbes,andTrees,andin^
inches. 1. 8 c.i I fc6lcth the Ayre^fo that Birds flying ouer fall dead. Itfraycth away other Serpents
Albm.mai.de with the hiffing. It goeth, vpright from the belly vpwardcs. Jfany thing bee flaine by
mirab. it, the fame alfo proueth venemous to fuch as touch it, Onely^a. Weafill kils it. The

Bergameni bought the carcafleofoneof thematan incredible fumme , which they
hung in their Temple (which ^felUs hand had made famous) in a Net of Gojde, to
preferuc the fame from Birds and Spiders. TheCatoplebas is laid to bee of like vene-
mous nature, alwayes going with her head into the ground, her fight othcrwife being
deadly. As for the Monfters, that by mixt generations of vnlike kindcs Nature vn-
naturally produceth ^ I leaue to others difcourfe. Leuimu ^ Lemnius tels that of the
marrow in a mans backbone isengendreda Serpent; yea of an Eggc which an oldc
Gocke will lay after he is vnable to tread Hcnnes any longer, is (faith he) by the fame
Cockes fitting, produced aBafiliske : and tels of two fuch Cockes at Zirizea.killed by
the people, which had found them fitting on fuch Egges. Theopbrajl alfo faith that
Serpents are plentifully cngcndred of much raine, ortffufionofmcnsbloud in warrc,
Mife arc multiplied in drie feafons (which the ftore of them this dric Winter i <5 i j.
confirmeth)of which he faith there are great ones in Egypt with two feet, which chcy
vfe as handcs, not going but leaping,

Oftriches keepe m companies in the Defcrts , making flicwes a farre off as if they
were troupes ofHorfemen; a ridiculous terrourto the Carauans of Marchants : a foo-
lifhBird, that forgetteth hisNcft, and leaueth his Egges for the Suniic and Sands
to hatch, that cateth any thing,cuen the hardcft Iron:that heareth nothing. They haue
Eagles,parrot$, and other Fowles. But none more ftrange then that which is tearnfied
Nifr, bigger then a Crane , preying vpon Carrion , 'and by his flight burieth his
great bodie in the Cloudes that none may fee him, whence hee efpyeth his prey : and
liuethfo long that all his fethers fall away by age, and then is foikred by his yoWng
ones.

Other Fowles they haue too tedious to felate. Grafhoppcf s doc here often renew
the e^gytian plague, which come in fuch quantitic-thlitthcy intercept the fliining
of the Sunne like a Cloud, and hauing eaten the fruits and Lcaucs, leaue their Ipawne
behinde (worfe then their predeceffours) deuouring the very barkes of the Leafe-Icflfe
Trees. The old depart none knowes whhhcr: and fombtirnc with a South. Eaft wind
arc caried into Spaine.The Arabian3,3nd Lybians eat them before they haue fpavvncd,
to that end gathering them in the morning, before the Sunne hath dried their wings.



many people
were there-
fore called

e I'.OrofdlJ.'-.
cap.ii.



g Taken out

otiheSiiJi-Hc!
Bookss.



and made them able to flic. One man <i can gather foufe or fiue bufliels in a morning,
e OroJiHs tels that once they had not onely eaten vp Fruites, Leaues, and Barke, while
they liued, but being dead, did more harme : for being carried by a wind into the Sea,
and theSea not brooking fuchmorfels,vomitingthemvpagaine on the {Lore, their
putrified carcaffescaufed i'uch a plague, that in Numidiadicd thereof eight hundred
thoufand: and on the Sea coaftneere Carthage and Vtica, two hundred thoufand:
and in Vcica it felfe thirtie thoufand Souldiers,which had beenc muftered for the Gar-
rifons of Africa. In one day were carried out of one gate one thou&nd and fiue hun-
dred carkaffes. They are faid to come into Barbaric feuen ycares together , and other
feucn not to come, at which times Corn<^ before fo deere.is fold for little , and fome-
timc not vouchfafcd the reaping, fuch is their foiie and plentic.The iuicc ofthc young
is poyfon. PlMie f cals them a plague ofDiuine Anger : they flic faith hec with fuch
a noyfc that one would take them for other fowles, and pafle ouer huge tratfts by Set
and Land. In Italic the people by them haue beenc driuen to sSibilline remedies fof
fcare of famine. In Cyrenaica there is a Law thrice a yeare to warrc againfl them,
deftroying the Egges firfl;, then the young, and lalily the growne ones. In Lemnosa

cert ait)*



Chap, I. AFRICA. The/ixt ^ookel



5^1



A Cl.Ep.ad Lar.
tern.

/lriftotmhtfr,AK
h.7Jid trSle cica-
ditieiiimuni lti~
bint,& rei cm
tintrnn f K
fibt.



h Milan Jan.
Lib.yCtp.^i.

c Throph. Slma-
catla bifiMeuri
lib.T.cap.ii,



cercaincmcafurc is appointed foreachman tobringof them to the Magiftratc. And
they hold iaycs in high regard becaufe they kil them with flying againft chem.Iu Syria
men are compelled to kill them : in Parthia they cate them. The Scriptures alio often
thrcattcn and mention thij plague as Gods great Armie. B^t other where ihey
fceme ftrangers:in «x4lthiopia they haue their principall habitation. Clenard » mcntio-
neth their mifchiefes about FefTc, where they bring Cart-loades cf them to fell , the
people deuouring thefe deuourers.

tAlHArcs in his ; 2. and 5 5 Chapters, tcl* of thefe Grafhoppers in ^Ethiopia , that
in fdme places they made the people truHe vp bagge and baggage, and feeke new Ha.
bitations where they might find vi£lua!l: ThcCountricall dcfertanddeftroyed , and
looking as if it had fnowed there, by reafon of the vnbaiked Trees , and ihc fieldes of
Mais, the great ftalkes whereof were trodcn downc, and broken by them: and in ano^
ther place a Tcmpcft of Raine and Thunder Icfc them more then two yardes thicke.on
the Riucrs bankes.This he faw with his Eyes, But if we flay a little longer on this fub-
ieift.the Reader will complaine of their troublcfome companie here.

Theftudiousof Natures rarities in thefe parts, may refortto Leo, and others, ns
alfo for their further fatisfadlion in the Fifhes and Monfters of the water ; as the Hy^^
fopotamiis, in fliape refcmbling ahorfc, inbigneflc an Afle, they goe^* into the Corne
grounds of the Egyptians, and in their feeding goe backwards, towards the Riuer, fo
to begiulc men who looking forwards for them, they meane while conuay themfelues
into the Water. In this Riuer of Nilus> in the t\mcofAlMrtcit(j , Mena being Gouer-
nourofEgypt.there with many other fawneere the place where Cairo now ftandeth
a Giantly monfter, from the bottome of his belly vp wards aboue the water like alto-
gether to a man with flaxen haire, frowning countenance, and ftrong limmes. Some
imagined him to be Nilus the fuppofedRiuer-deitie. Afterhee had continued in the
common view of all men three hourcs, their came forth of the Water another like a
•woman with a fmooth face.her haire partly hanging,& partly gathered into a knot and
blacke cf colour; her face very faire, rofie lippes, fingers and breafts well propotioned,
but her lower parts hidden in the water: Thus from morning til! Sun-fet,they fed their
gtcediceyeswiththisfpeilacle, which then fanke downe againc into the Waters.
Hondias fpcakes of aMermaid taken in the Netherlands.and taught to fpinne: I fwearc
not tothe truthofit. But many Hiftories ^ fpeake of Ibme like men in their whole
fliape both in our and other Coaftes, and fome like Lyons : and for Mermaides, in the
Voyage ^ ofHenrte Hoodfoa for Northerly difcouerie 1 6o8. Thomas Htls and ''Rj^bert
'Reiner faw one rife by the Ship (ide on the fifteenth of Line ; from the Nauill vpvvards
herbackc and breafts like a Womans, as likewife her bigneflc of bodic : her after-
partes like a Porpifce, and (peckled likeaMackerill : when they call their companie to
fee it, Cnc fanke downe. Imight adde manie other Creatures lirangc and wonderfull,
andyetnot fo wonderfull, as the effefts and vertues which Albertus Miz.aldus,zviA
others tell of thefe and other Creatures. Such are the Sea.The Sea Kinc,le(rer then the
LandKine, theTartarucaaTortuife,whichliuethintheDcfertsofhugebignefle, &c.
Thepcople wich inhabite Africa are Arabians, Mores, Abiflines, t^giptians , and



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 110 of 181)