Copyright
Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 111 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 111 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


diucrs forts of the Heathens, differing in Rites from each other , as fhall follow in our
difcourfc.The Monfters which P/;«)',and others tci of,befides Muffitr and ScihelUcm
out of them, I ney ther beleeue, nor report.



dFi.Ccf.de Jq.



Kobntjuct'in
his relation of
that Voyage.



Chat. II.
OftA-gJp andofthefimous Riuer T^jltn.-and her firjl K'mgeSj Tempks^wdLMo.
numents according to Herodotus^Diodoriii^ and ethers^

Fter our gcnerall view of Africa Egypt may iuftly chlUengetheprinci-
cipall place in our African difcourlc, as being both in fifuation next to
Afia (whence we are lately come) and confequently from thence firrt
peopled; befidesthat^ir/ig^/o»,our Load-Starre, hath here found the
fooiieft and folemneft entertainment. And not in Religion alone , but

ill




^61



O/e^ypt^ and the famous ^uerKilus. Chap .2-



flamblickus,

D.SJ.I.

PlindtOC&If.
VtUt I AX.
LaSl.l.^c.9.
Hieran.adPaul,



h Sliax, Sfart.
Seuerus.



lAntiq.li.z^cjS.
Bfvjightoitt
Concent.
klo.Leol.iMit.

ait Vofiettui,

1 B.Enquiry.

C£p.Xl,



'DXhjtcr.



m Ual £.T.4.y
Lidyatt.r.



n Steph.ty^.
Roffinui.Ortel,

TMf.

oApollon.Ar-

got-*.

p Txet\.ad Ly-

cofhron.

qFall.i.Tib.1.1.

CU*Efig.



in Politic, Philofophic, and Artcs, the Grecians f which would feemc the firft Fathers
of thcfc things hauc beene Difciples to the e^gyptians.as S Am.Aiarcellims and 2)
StcttlM,FlHtarch, and many others affirme, Hence Orpheus, Mufeus and Homer (et-
ched theirThcologie; Ljrettraw and Solttt their Lawcs 5 TythagorM, PUto, Anaxaga-
rat, E({doxm,'DemecntHs ,1>adalfis , here borrowed that knowledge for which the
World hath euer fincc admired them. Let ic not then bee imputed to mee as a tedious
ofiicioufneflc, If Ilongerdctaine the Reader (othcrwife delighted with the view of
thoferills which hence haueflowed among the Grcekc and Latine Poets aiidPhilo-
fopers) in furueighing thcfc t/£gypiian Fountaincs and wcU-fprings , whence hauc
iflued cfpecially a deluge of Supcrftitions, that in elder times drowned all the neigh,
bouring partes of the World. Norlctitbetediousvntovs to behold (inthisHifto-
ricall Theater) thofetx£gyptian Rarities; the fight whereof hath drawne not Philofo-
phers alone, but great Princes too.and mightie Emperours,to the rndertaking of long
and dangerous tourneyes: As ^'.ytffffrw/, who though hee forbad ludaifnieandChri-
ftianitie, yet went this Pilgrimage, in honour of 5fr/«p*f,andforthc firangc fights of
Memphis, Memnon , the /'jr^jw/fi;/ , Labyrinth , &c. Vefpafian alfoand others did
the like.

ThenamcofEgypt(faithi/o/fp&w) is Mefre, of MifrMtm, the fonne of C/&«j»l,,
and the Egyptians themfelues Mefr^i. So the Arabians at this day call it (as
Leo k affirmeth ) but the Inhabitants they call Cbil>ih. This Chihh they fay was hee
which firrt ruled this Countric, and built houfes therein. The Inhabitants alfodoe
novv call themfelues thus: yet are there not now left any true Egyptians, faueafev*
Chtiftians : the Mahumetanshauing mingled themfelues with the Arabians andA-
fricans. Thefe Chriflians are hereupon • called Co/>if;, of their Nation, as M^ Brere~
wWobferuetb, not of their Religion, which is the fame with the lacobites. And the
Egyptians in fomc ancient monuments arc termed t/£gofhti : and the name tAigyftm
( which fome deriue from ty£gypttu brother oiDmnatu) is likelier to come of that
Chibtb : or this ty£gephti : and all thefe names may feemc to borrow their originall
from KeptM,z chiefc CiticinEgypt,asboth ScaUger* ind Lidyat arc ofopinion,f«<«/i
at Kopias, the Land ofKottus : fo is ty£thieps of At and Thebeth, or Thebais.Tgnatim
the Patriarch of Antioch, in an ArabickEpiftlc written to -yM^r, callcth Egypt the
Land of i(:#/)/i,wherc he fpcaketh of e^r4 Kept 1, or the computation of yeares by thofe
Koptitc Chriftians, reckoned from the nineteenth yearc of £)/W«w», at which time
he dcftroyed the Chriftian Churches, and flew an hundred and fortie foure thoufarid
Martyrs in Egypt, and other feuen hundred thoufand exiled. The Turkes ™ call both
the Countrie it felfe, and principall Citie (C^ira) by the nameof ^//7r.Thus fingeth an
old Pilgrimein written rimes, without name of the Authour,

/« ^gyptis 4 Citie faire.

That height Majfar «r elfe Kare,

Egypt was before called (if we may bclecue Stephanus " and others) Acrla and other-
wife alfo by the names of Aetia, Potamia, Ogygia,Melambolos,Harpheftia,Ethiopia.
Some addeo uieig, , as Nilus was alfo called Melas ofthe blackneffe.Thc Riucr was firft
called Oceanus pthen Egyptus and after that Nilus.and Triton.

Egypt hath on the P Eaft the gulfc, ind fome part of Arabia; on the South the falles
and mountaines of Aethiopia ; on the Weft the Deferts of Lybia ; on the North, the
MediteraneanSea:all which Nature hath fet not oncly as limits, but as fortificatioos
alfo to this Countrie.Nilus is by Ouid'i called aduemSoi his forrcine Springs;by Tibnl'
luifertilu, which fupplieth the place of fhowcrs to Egypt, whereupon ClaudianfingSi

Egyptus fine nubtferax, imbrefcjueftrerios
^ ola tenet, fecura pth , Men indiga vend,

and Lucan,
Tenafitis ctntenta benps, tion indiga mercis.

Ant



C H A P.2. AFRICA. The ftxt 'Booke, ^6^

Ant loHii infolo tanta cfifidnctA Kljlo.

Egypt no raincs nor Mcrchandifc doth neeJc,
Niliis doth all her wealth, and plentie breed.

This Riucr runneth through the mid(t thcreof/ixtie miles from « Cairo,maI<ing(by e A^athmhtdet
diuifion of htmfelFe) that Z)e//^.^,to which Tome appropriated the name of Egypt, reFii- appt^it.t <;.:,.
ted by /«/>«fr^OTOTo«,whofc Oracle (faith W?r(;^of.) reckoned all that Egypt, which i"pciclM<ir.
Ni!u^ oiierflowed. Vtolcmaus f niimbreth three ofthofePf/f^/.Touching the head of J^*'-'-".?^*"'*-
%\^\\\xs{Bride>jbachiw affirmeth, that many Soldans haue fcnt men on purpoi'e furni- iptom.c.^.
Ihcd with skill and prouifion forthcDifcouericwho.aftertwoor three yearesretUr- g vidsuflas.
ning.aflirmed that they could finde no head of this Riucr, nor could tell any certainty, in Dw/yf./Eihi-
but that it came from the Eaft.and places not inhabited : both oflikc truth. For indeed "" -""^ "fliers
this Riuerarifeth (as by late Dilcoueries is found) out of a Lake in twelue degrees of jn"o f^^efJ^J
Southerly Latitude, out of which not onely this Riuer runneth Northwards into the tiour anVinfe.
Mediterranean.but JVatre a!fo,Wcft ward Z/ww^,and Sptnto Same Eaftward into the riour : ilus is
Ocean, as is faid tall ouerflowing their Tcrrito! ics in the fame tiiile,and from the fame t'lac Delta , the
caiife. W hat this caufe fhould be,rrtany both olde and later Writers haue laboured to '^^^" 'iMaa.
fearch, HfrodatufjDioeiortff, Plittji iadSa/wtuh^ue knivs the conieiJlures of Anti- ^''^•^""'^'''
quitic herein. ^' Fracuflerifis 2nd Rhamujifishiue be/towed their Difcourfes on this 1, T.P'mfetta,
Subied,as(7o?-(?p/«/alfoandothersof' later yearcs haue done. The nioft probable \ z.c.vlt.ay^i'
caufe ib the raines. which ^ Gorefim in his T^ljlofcopium, dcr'weih from a double caufe. f "'».
FortheSunne in places neerethe Line, doth fhew more mightic efled^sof hisficrie ' ^"'•fv.47'
prcfehcc.cxhaling abundance of vapours,which in terrible fliowers he daily repayeth, i"!^'i^^
except ibme natutall obrtaclc doe hinder (as in fome places of Peru, where it fcldomc k Cordg.inBfc.
orneuerraineth: ) And hence it is, thatthelndiansbothEaftand Weft, andthe A- ccf.Ni/ojcnpium.
fricans reckon their Summer and Winter otherwifc then in thefc partes of the world: 1 ^cojta.hifi,
for this time of the funnes nccrc prefencc with them they call winter,in regard of thefe ^'"^'
daily ftormes ; which he feemes to reco'mpence them with other fixe moneths conti-
nuall ferenitie dnd faifc Weather ; not then raifing (by reafon of his further abfencc) a-
ny more exhalations then are by himfelfe cxhauftcd and confumcd , which timefor
that caufe they call Summer. CJoyopttis thctcfotc out of his coniedturcs telleth vs of a
two-fould winter,vnder both Tropikcs at the fame time; vnderC^wc-cr the rainy win-
ter, whichinmanner(asychauehear(i)attends on the Sunne; vndcr Capncomethe
Aftronomicall winter in the Sunncs abfence.w here alfo he fuppofeth it to raine at tliac
timcby reafon of the high hils there iuuate,and the great lakes which minifter ftore of
moyfture,befides that Cancer is then i.i the houfe of the Moone, Againe, the windes
""fff/ff (that is to (zy^ordinariteufYj yearey\n their annual 1 courfe,cuery winter lift vp m P.pjgsfetia
the cloudcs to the tops of the hills,which rnelt them into raine, whereby all the Riucrs ^^'^■
in(i/£thiopia are filled .-and caufe thofcouerflowings.whichinNilus is ftrangcft, bc-
caufe it is in Egypt, fartheft off from the raincs that caufe it. eyirisiides " faith that ^- " Atijl.np.VkcK
TtHetle found by his wit,and Alexander by experience , fending men thither for that "''**
pvrpofethat raines were tiie caufe of this ouerflowing ; and that thofe rains were cau-
fed by Etefian wip.dcs,which (faith he) are by the approching Sunne ingendcred in the
North p3rts,and earned to the Soutii, where meeting and 'multiplying on the tops of
the high Ethiopian'hills.thcy cauferaines. The like ouerflowing is common to many
other Kiucrs; astoNiger in Afric3,to Neman of Pegu^and Indus (which Pht/cfiratiis
in diuers other things compates to Nilus)and the riucr ofSiam in Afia; and to theRi-
uerso(.(4w^iLe»<r/,and^«/^«4 in America. Fr\et°Lf{ysdeFrreta2lcnheth the ouer- ° t^'-ilmadeU
flowing to fome fecrct paffages and pores.vvhereby the Ocean, and the mountaines of "^'"^ '•^■'•'■'^'
the Moone holde muiuaH commerce.This increaie ofNilus beginneth about the mid-
deft of Iune,continuingfortiedayes,after which followeth the dccreafc as long. Inthe p leelib.S.
middle ofNilu* (faith pLw^ ouer againft the olde Citie of Cairo, ftandcth the Iflc ^ni^etmstip.
jW(f^<<w,ortbemcafuring Ifle,contayningoncthouland, and fiuc hundred Families, ^'"'^•MJ nicn-
and a Temple, and a fourc fquare Cifterne of cighteenc ^ cubits depth, whereinto the (1°"^^ ''i''^'"'^''
iHi«cr ofNilus IS conuaicd by a certaiuc fluce vnder the ground, in the middcft where- by Cubitl'

Ccd ft ©f



5^4



Of^gypt^and of the famous ^uer TsL'tlm*



Chap, 2.



bRaineis in-

feftious if at
anytimt it fall
in Egypt :ex-
. cept ill and a-
bouC/4/c.vij^-
drui where ?i-
gafetU faith it
raineth.
Sac.li.i').
Nilusfolu! ex
amntbiit vniucf-
fis nulliK exfint
auras. Solin

AA-Mctml.i.

vid.Hieron.ad

Ef.ii.



tUXhpr.
iStrit.llb.\6:



Pt!i'omx!,Tr/iia-
w; foffie.
hDioJJ.i,

i Olymp. iSo,



kMorn.dcvtr .

lof.Antiq.

lih.i.c.z.

1 ffeudt-Bero-

fut.



mXenofb.de
lequiiiocis, cal-
Icth Chnm Sa-
turmis/E^jptius.
n Vfjs &iot.
o Hir in Gen.



Brmght Cone.
p I'liit. i'l Of.
q An'^. Aleieer.
Lib.i.

xlmun.Dct
Syr.

(Dlid.Sicl.i.
t Ofiris is fiip-
pofcd by fome
to be the Son
of Cham.
Fatricfeie.



of is a pillar marked alfo with cighteene Cubits, to vvhichOfficers for the purpofe rc-
fort daily from the 1 7. of lune, to obferuc the increafe , which if it amount to f.ftcene
Cubits,and there ftay, it doth portend fcrtilitie, and how much ouer or vnder,fo much
leflc abundance. Inthemeane time the people dcuoutly cxercifc prayer and aimcs-
giuing : And after, the price of vit^uals , (efpecially of Corne) is proport'ionably ap-
pointed for the whole yeare.Thc Cities and Townes of Egypt , whiles this inundati- '
on laftethj are fo many Hands. And thus faith Herodotw, The Land of Egypt dothnoc ,
onely owe the fertilitie, but her felfe alfo, vnto the flimic encrcafe of Nilus : for'' raine }:
is aftrangerinthisCountric feldomefcene, and yet oftner then welcome as vnwhbl-.^
fome to the inhabitants. But CJeropms reafoneth largely in confutation of this r.pinion. '
The moiithcs or falles of Nilus,niinibred by the Prophet Efaj « and other in old times, -
feuen and after Plinie (who rcckcnerh the foure fmallcr) eleucn : arc now ( as WilUtU
mas TyriHsont ofhisownefearch teftifieth) butfoure, or, as other vrricers, but three '
worthieofconfideration; Rofetta ^ BMtiina , Damtata, where the laitntfle of the,
Earthj andfliellesfoundinic, may fcemcto confirme Herodotus opinion, thatNilusv
hath wonne it from the Sea. Anflotle^Ao^ not only aucrre the former opinion with'
Heyodotus,hut addcs that all the mouthcs of Nilus.exccpt that of Canopus,may fceme
tobethel3bourofmen,and not natural ChanelstotheRiuer. J [-.

Egypt was anciently diuided into Thebais Delta and the Region intcriaccnt: and.'
thefe fubdiuided into fixe and thirtie Nomi, which we call Shires , whereof 7'<i'W»f an<i
He/iopolitewere the aflignemcntof /^ico^j Family « then called ^oft^en , from whcncb
Mojes aftercodui^ed theminto Can3an,as Stral>o*'a\(o witncfleth.The vvclth ofFgypt,
asitprocccdcth fromNilus , foisitmuch cncreafediby the ifit conueyanccinthc
naturall and hand-laboured channels s thereof. Their haruefi bcginncth in April), and
is thrcfhed out in Maie. In this one Region were 1 bmetimes (by Herodotus and Plwiet
report) tvvcntie thoufand Cities : Diodertts^ Stculns faith cighteene thoufand : and in
his time, three thoufand. Hcealfo was told by the Egyptian Pric{h,that ithadbeenc
gouerned about the fpace of cighteene hundred yeares, by the Gods and Heroesffthp
laft of whom was Orus : after whom it was vnder Kings vntill his time, thg^fpace
almoft ' of fiftccnc hundred yeares. To //irr<7i(»r/!r/ they reported of three hundreciand.
thirtie Kings from /!/*»/ to S'<f/o^r/j. /' < >/'

The Scripture, whofe Chronologic conuinceth thofe lying Fables,^-^ calleth.theit
Kings by one gencrall name, Pharao ( which fome ^ intcrpretc a Sauiour;/o/T-pA«j faith
fignifieth Authoritie) and maketh Ancient mention of them, in the dayes cf iAhra,'
hum. Some beginne this Royall computation at Mtz^raim. If our Berefus which t/4n-
«;/«/ hath fet forth were of authoritie, ' heetelleth, thatC^^w, the Sonne of jsfoah,
was by his Father banifhed for particular abufc of himfcife, and publike corruption of
the World^teaching and prat5tiling thole vices,which before had procured the deluge,
asSodomie, Incefi, Buggeric : and was therefore branded with the name Chemefen-,
«4, that is, difhoncf^ Cham, in which the t/£gyptians followed him,and reckoned him
among their Gods, by the name of '" SatHme, confccratcd him a Citie, called Chept,
Mi». The Pfalmesof" Dr«/i<doe alfo thus entitle Egypt, the Landof Cham ;;i\bich
name was retained by the Egyptians themfelues in leromes " dayes. Chemme ', after
'Diedorus, was hallowed to Pan, and the word fignifieth Pans Citie : in Herhdottts his
time i t was a great Townc in Thehais, hauing in it aTemplc ofPerfeus, fquarc, and fee
round with Palme-trees, with a huge Porch of ftone.on which were two great ffatues,
and in ir a Chaortli with the Image of Perfeus. The Inhabitants want not their mira-
culous Legend, ofthe Apparici> ns of their God, and had a relique ofhis, a fandale of
twoCubits which he fimetiines ware, they celebrate feftiuall games in his honour,
after the Greeke manner. Herodotus alfo mentioneth an Hand called Chemmts , with
the Temple of y?/>9//o in it. Some fay P Thebes was called in their Holes,Chcmi3, or
Chamiarand alls Egypt was fometime called Thebes.

LmiatjrfMih, the Egyptians were the firfl that had Temples, but their Temples
had no Images, Thrirfiift Temples are reported'' tohauebeeneeredlcd in the time
of tO/r/jand tjis whofe parents were /«p<r*r and /«»»,childrcn to Saturne znd Rhe4
who fucceeded f »/<■.«« in this Kingdomc.Thcy built a magnificent Temple to J>tJ>>ter

and



C H A P .i. AFRICA. "The fixt 'Booke,



5^3r



f Mem de vcri.
Chnjt.rd.ca.z6t,
t Htrodot.lib,

QfilStiv ayV9



iMsTbebecen-

'■'miacetebruti

portis.



u The EgjrpE.
talent of iiJues



and /»»o,and two other golden Temples to /w/i/WCc/fi?*/, and lufiter ^yimmon , or
CArf;tt-f,W'hich v<fe before Ipake of , inftitoting vntothcm Prieftsand p,oldcn ftatues,
MenM is reckoned the firft King after thofe Demi-godsif who built a Temple to Vul-
can, and taught the people to facrifice,. and other rites of Religion." Long after him^
Sufrif built Thcbcs,whiuh was « faid to haue a hundred Gates , and many ftately crc-
<SlionsofTempleS,Coloflcs,Obcliskes; by the one name they call their more then
Giantly Images ;by the othcr,their Pillars of one ftonc/afhioncd like a Ncedle.P<7?»-
ftmMs LittuSiinA Mariiamis fpeakeof two ofthefe Obeliskes with hierogliphicall 3'2">&k«7i'/4-'
iftfcrif>tions>carried from Hieropolis in Egypt by y^«^*/?//j to Rome, theonefourc- '!*ui.i>v&.
'■ fcore foot high, the other an hundred & thirtie, which wa$ broken in the raifing.P/w/j
' 1 mentions thefe and others at Rome, one ot which he made fcruc forthemeafuringof
tWc funnesfhadowinC<j««;i«f Af<»r/*«/, inDyallwifc. Hecfpeaketh ofanObiliskcac
Tiicbcs madeand raifed by twentic thoufand men.
' 'of fourc TempleSjtherc was one contayning in circuit thirteenc furIong$,in height
ij fiue and fortie cubits, the wall foure and twentie foot thick. The ornaments anfwered
to the ftru(3ure. But the golde,filuer, iuorie, and jewels were taken away by the Per-
flbns.whenC/Jw^^/^/ burned the Egyptian Temples. Out of thofe fires they report
flowed three hundred talents of gold, and" two thoufand and three hundred offil-
utr.Ambhgfi the feuen and^forty Sepiilchres of their Kings, that of 6'>»»4»i^/»^ wasrec-
k^ned moH fumptuous,thc gates whereof were two hundred footelong, and fiue and is reckoned
fortiecubites high: withinvvasa fquarc Cloyfter, contayning in each fquarc fourc ijoJ.ofour
' 'hundred foote, borne vp with ftatues of beafts in ftead of pillars, of fixtccne cubites, nionicrand
^ 'tKc roofe made of ftones,of two paces broad^beautified with Itarrcs. Then was there f°^^^ '" ^^^f'
aiiother gate like to the former, but fuller of worke, with three huge ftatues to him- /i^t!m«"r
fcjfe.his mothcr.and daughter. Withm thi? was another Cloyftcr,morc beautifull tl^cn mach,
the former. But for the particulars ofthefe things, let our Reader rcfort to Biodorus
Jrrc«/«/,who partly from the Priefts Relations, and in great part from his ownc fight;
deliuereth them at large. He addeth,that there was an infcription contayning the colt
and charges hereof to be thirtie and 200. miUions ofMina:. Thefe fummes are admi-
rable, and fcarcely to be paraleld in any Hiftorie, excelling euen thofe fummes which
.Di»«<«/left5/«l««w<»»fortheTemple,andonely furmounted by thofe which Sardanapa-
bu is faid to haue confurocd,together with himfelfc in his funerall fire.For we account
eucric Mina thrcc^ound two fhillings and fixe pence,a$ Mafler Brer(waedh:ii]\ obfer-
tiedcftlvAttickeMina,outofmany Authors, (which yet is lefle then the Egyptian,
.,and buthalfcfomuchasthatofthcHcbrewes and Alexandrians) it comes to tennc
thouiand millions ofourpounds,afummc incredible, improbable, thati fay notim-
pofsiBle.Yea,ncythcr are thofe things credible which Cteftdi tells o( Sardttnapn/fts,
which^rfrfwoff^fummethafteriheAttiketalent, at two and twentie thoufand and
fiue hul!idred millions of pounds in goldc, and eightcene thoufand, two hundred and
fiftie mHlions of pounds in filuer. Euen in thofe things alfo which the facred Hiftorie
auouchcthofZ)4«»</,howfoeucrthetruthisbeyondaIlnamesofcertaintie, yet the in-
terpretation of that truth is not fully agreed vpon. For that which by vs " is vnder
valued (accounting the talent but fixe thoufand crownes,as fome doc) M^ Brcretfcod
in his learned worke ofthaty argument.raifeth it to a farre higher fum , eflimatingthc
talent at 4500 l.fo that the looooo.talcnts of gold which I)/** J had prouided for that, derib'&frei^t
Worke, amount to 4 j o. millions of our pounds : and his million of filuer talents (each.
ofvyhichis37^ l.jto ;575,millions,befides 13. millions, and 500000 1. ingolde.and
tv/6 millions 6 2 5000 l.in filuer,afterwards by him offered to the fame purpofe ; & by'
j/is Princes 22507500 Kin gold, and 37/00O0I. in filuer : thst 1 fpcak not of all other
prouifions ofjewels,mettal!.,timber,and the reft. Now all that Cj/rftf got by the Cou-
queftofAfia is valued but at laj.millionsjifwefummehis 500000.'^ talents after the
Egyptian account,which is a gt'eatdeale more then Aleximder found in the Pcrfian
iteaiurie (fo much renouned) both at Sufis and Pcrfepolis,which(as Strain hath num.
bred)werebutthirtietwomiIlions,and7500ool. That fummc of Dx/^jc/, Iconfcfle
haih often troubled mee, noijcouldl cucr finde fatisfaftion in that doubt. But in my
opinion, Mafter!2«r«w<»</^Woike ( fee forth fince his death, and fince that parte

Ccc a of



y Sd Sr.dePon.^



k P&./.J5.C.J,



^66



Of ^^ypt ^andof the famous ^uer "Hilus' Chap, 2,



a \ .Chron.zi...
>4-



\> tuf»lem.*f.

f.ufe'u.Biidtdt

afe.



C 7».^? JLC?*



d StrahJ.n,



of this vvorkc, which would hauc ycelded this queflion i. fitter placcwas printed J gi*
ucth a probable coniefturcthat the Hebrew word in that* place doth notfignifiet
r<j/#»»; or that the word f/i/*«r doth not alway fignifie the fame fumme in Scripture,
cucn as amongft other Nations it alfo varied, and ibmetiines , wasvfed forafmall
fijmme; as he fheweth out of Homer, PeUnx, and others. Howfoeucr therefore I vvill
not fo vilifie this talsnt hercas to eftcem ^ it with fom but a fbekel, yet 1 would take it
('as the notation of the word may inferre ) but forfomemafrie plate of Siluer.But
we hauc digreflcd too farre in this Hebrew and eXEgyptian lalent.lctvs rcturnc.

This coft ofSitmj(»di(tj,ikho\igh enlarged in the telling, doth not difagree to that
Egyptian opinioH,efteeming their houfes their Inncs, and their Sepulchres their cter-
uall habitations. Of the race oiSimandius was Ogdous, that built "= Memphis ( called
in the Scripture Nofh) compaffing a hundred and fiftie furlongs, at the parting of Ni«
lus into that Df/f<r-diuifion,wherc the (iiccecding Kings abode jforfaking Thebes till
Alexandria was after built by Alexander,

Thebes was called 'Dtoj^olks,ox Jupiter: Citic, where ( as Strah <* reporteth ) was
confecrated to Jupiter a beautiful! Virgine of noble birth,who, vntill the time that flic
had her naturall purgation, had thccarnall companie of whomfocuer flie pleafed, ar}4
at this hcrmenftruous accident was bewailed as dead, and after married. SuchVitr
gins the Grecke ( faith hee) called Pallades. Many yeares after Ogdem, fuccecded
SefeFiris. « lofepbus is of opinion,that Herodetus encd in the name, and afcribed the
dcedes o(^ Shi/hakjo SefoTlris ; to which alfo the computation of Herodetw doth a-
gree reafonably inthe time, g Others account him the fame with Sefachis in 'Dwdo.
r»/.Thc huge Conquefis of this i'^/i/ifm are beyond all that cuer >i^/<?*<»W(rr atchife-
ucdjifwecreditc Authors. Athisreturnehebuildcd ineueryCitie of Egypt aTem-
ple to their chiefe God at his owne cofts ; and offered a fhippc of Cedar , two hundred
and cightic cubitcs in length, filuered on the in-fide, guilded on the out- fide , to the
chiefe God at Thcbes,and two Obelisks one hundred and twentic cubits high, whcr-
in were ingrauen the greatnes of his Empire and rcuenues. At Memphis in thcTem-
ple oif^ulcaM he dedicated ftatues of himfclfe and his wife, thirtic cubites high, of his
children twentie. And when he went to the Temple,oI through thcCitic,his Chariot
was drawne by Kings,as Lucan fingcth :



e Ant'tqJ.9^.
{ i.Ckr0rt.ii.9
e l^nlatet: in:
Lftd.Re'Ml)A'



XJeniiadOccafHrnmundij^extfemaSefcftrisi
St Pharies cnrrus "Bfgum ceruicibHS egit,

Sefofiris in the Wefterne world, by warre

Compelled Kings to draw his Memphian Carre.

h Mdt. iTeRm. Thus we reade in our owne Chronicles ^ oiEdgarut Tacificus , fometlmes King of
ToxAa.&Mo- Eugland,rowed in a Boate by eight Kings, himfelfc holding the Sterne.
nument. Tacitus itcllethofi2/&4iw/f/ an Egyptian King, who conqu*tedthe Eaftand South

^^"a ''^l'" ^'' P*"" of the world^helped heerein (as the Pricfts tolde Germamcus ) with the forces
J a i.iy. jjf-pj,gijg5^^l,o I, jcj then feuen hundred thoufand fighting men. This was written irt
Egyptian Charadlers at Thebes, interpreted by one of the Pricfts , together with his
reuenues not inferior to the Romane or Parthian Empires. Pheron, the fonne and fuc-
cefTor of5e/oJifm,cnragcd at the rage of Nilus,fwelIingabouc cighteenc cubits,cafl
k HcrJib.i. a datt againfl the ftreame, ^ and thereupon loft his fight , which by the aduicc of the
Oracle in Butis,was reftored by the vrine of a woman, yvhich had ncucr knownc maa
but her husband : which caufed him to burne his owne wife and many othcr,fai!ing in



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 111 of 181)