Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 112 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 112 of 181)
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this new expcriment,and to marry her whom at laft he found by this proofe to be ho-
neft.He fet vp in the Temple of the Sunne two PillarSjCach of one flone of i co cubits
high.and eight broad. MlcT,Cucccciied Mernphites, T^ajintins, znd Cheopes. This
lallfhut vp all the Temples in Egjipt ; and bufied them in his owne workcs,one hun-
dred thoufand by courfe teii yeares togcther,in building a Pyramis for his Sepulchre,
The ieaft ftone was thirtie foote,and all grau«n. Nilus pafl'cth vndcr it by a trench. Ic
was reckoned among the Wonders of the World. His daughter and brother made


Chap.2. AFRICA.

The pxfBooke.




c Ci.Bot Ben.

Cofmeg de U-

( Ug.Bab.l 3 .

h Vonarch'in
his Fiincrali

two other;odious tliercforc to the Egyptians who will not once name them. He mea-

furcdoneofthefourcfquaresofoneot them, which contained three himdered and

fouie and twentic large paces. This was hollow, the other fojid. They did it(raithhce)

in hope ofthcrefurrcdion. For they would not intcrre their dead bodies, becaufe of

the Wormcs; nor burnc them, becaufc they cfteemcd Fire, a liuing Creature, which

feeding thereon, muft together with it perifh. They therefore with nitre and Cedat

thus preferuc them. Scaliger faith, " they fct thcfe bodies in their dining roomcs , that

their childtenand nephcwes might behold them w hiles they were eating. Some alfo

leport, e That they vfcd hereunto the fliniie Bitumen of the dead Sea,which had pre-

fcrued an infinite number of Carcafles in a dreadfuU Catic (not farrc from thcfe Pyra- I'orc./im anc

«wW«) yet to be feene, with their flefli and members whole , after fo many thoufand '""■^^■'^'"^''■f'

ycarcs,and fomc with their haire and teeth, 5f //««/«< thinketh the fables oi' Lethe and

Styx to haue flowed from that Lakc,by which the dead bodies were brought hither.

Of thefe is the true Mxmmia. Not farre hence is that Sfhynx, a huge Colofle.with the

head of a Maid, and bodieof aLyon, fuppofcdby^»//(»»/»/ to be the monument of

fome yet continucth all of one ftone,3nd is a hugefaccjooking towardft

Cairo. The compafTeof the head fayth P. Af^iryr. f, an eye-witnefle, is hftie eight

fzccs.P/itie g numbreth eight Pyramides, and fayth. That the compafle oh\{isSfF3inx^

about the head, was 702.foot,thelengtn 143. jfJoooo. men were twentic yearcs ia

inakingoneofthcPjr^w^Wfj-iand three were made in fcuentie eight yeares and foure

moneths. The gteateft (fey th he) couereth eight acres of ground ; and Belloniiu affir-

meth,That the Pyramides rather exceed then fall fhort of the reports of the Auncient;

and that a ftrong & cunning Archer on the top is not able to fhoot beyond the fabrick

of one; which VtlUmont being thete,caufcd to be tried and found true. William Lith-

^flwvvriteth that the height of one is io92.foot, as their Dragom/tn to\dc \.)[\cm : the

top thereof is all one ftone, which he meafured feuentccne foot in euery fquarc vet on

the ground fecmcd asfharpeas apointed diamond. The other arc lower, and want

ftcps to ;fccnd on them. They arc of marble.But I would be loath to burie the Reader hath feVfo^'th

in the fumptuous Monuments, the witnefles ofvanitic and oftentation; ofwhich, be- this in piduic.

fides the Ancient, y1/<«yr;'r,'5r//o»««/,^«tf/^<j«;,F///^wo«/,and other eyc-witncfles haue ^'>"'-<^"p.i.
largely written. 'tff.s?.!?.

Afywr/^w^ is reckoned the next King.bettcrbeloued of his Subic(f^s,whofed3uoh- '■' '^'■'•^■'^■'f-
ter,was buried in a woodden Bui*" in the Citie Sai;to which euery day were odors of-
frcd,& a light let by night. This Oxe once a yeare was brought out to the peoplc.Nexc
tohimwas ./^fychis, whomadeaPyramisofbrickesjand thcfe briekes were made of '^'''' ^poUon lib.
Earth, that claue to the end of a pole for this purpofe, in a vaine curiofitie thruft into a '•''''/'•• ^-'"'"^i
lakc.Yet were all thcfe wonders exceded by the I. abyrinth , the worke (fay fome) of fccin'^^'a l[o'"'
Pfimmetic(jus,OT (zftct HerodotHs) of the twelue Peeres which raigned in common as (whithcnc
Kings,part!y aboue ground partly beneath, in both containing ■; j 00. roomes. Hero-
datHs faith he faw the vpper roomes, the lower he might not, as being the Sepulchres
of the Founders, and of the facred Crocodiles : all was of ftonc, andgraucn. The
lake ofMxris was not Icflc wonderfull compalTiog 5 600. furlongs , and 50. fadom in
depth, madeby iWifr// whofcnamc it bearcth;inchemidl} were 2. Pyramides 50. fa-
dom aboue, and as much beneath water, one for himfelfe, the other fbr his wife. The
water flowes^.moneths our,and d.raoncths in, from Ni/n^.Thc filli were worth to the
Kingscofferstwcntieoftheirpoundsaday , the firft 6.and atalentaday, thelart (5, , ^

month$.Of/V<rcaJ whom the Scripture calles/'W^e/sTv^d'c/jo and of hisvidoryagainft ^hathe'r^'^^^^
thcSyrians inMagdoIo, or Magiddo,where he flew King lojiah Herodotm witneiTech, time had been
He alfo makes this A/^(?rw author of that trcnchjfromNilus to the red Sea,which i'rr^r- ^tiafinhct-
^9afcribesto5«/o7/m./'/;»;'makcs5f/fl/?rfeffir(tauthor,fec6dcdby D»?r/«/,whointhis Sri'tian tw
bufines was followed by P/o/. I oo.foot broad, qy.miles long; but forced to leauc the
cntcrprife. for fearc ofthercd fea ouejflowing Egypt, or mixing his water withNiJus.
TremelliHs thinkes it to be the labour ofthc Ifraelitcs, in that feruitude from which
Mofes freed them. He confumed in this worke i aooco. Egyptians. After him reiened
Sammi,inA then ^pries.hhont thefe times™7\(<«^;«c6 conquered the Egyptians accor-
ding to £iff ^.prophecy ,£*ff.3 o.Bue they bad alfo ciuill warres. n^imafn " depriued

m Antm^GaU



had camcci) of.
f^rco fawnc
on him,witha],
taine uiurniu^
lings; inter-
preted that
Ipeech ofthc
Lion to the

whereupon ha
was fcnt with
pompous pro.
cclsion ofthc
Pficfls, toLc-
thsTc placed ill
the TenipJc. .




Ofthe ^^ypt'tan^ Iciols and Myjlerks-


>^f rjf/, who, being of a bafe birth, of a great bafon of gold in which himfclfe and his
guefls had vied to wafli thciv feet,made an Ima gc and placed it in the mofl cr>i,ucnicnt
part ofthe Citie and obferuing their Supcrftitious deuotion thereunto , faid that thcv
oiig ht now no leflc to refpeft him, notwithftanding his former bale birth and offices.
When he was 3 priuate man, to mainraine his prodigal! expcnfes, hce vied to /kale
from'otheri : and when they rcdemaunded their owne , hee commifed himfejfp to the
cenfure of their Oracles. Such Oracles as ncgledcd his thefts, he being a King.did neg-
\z&.. He brought from the CiticElephantina twentie daycs fayling.a buildinc' of fohd
ftonc, the roofebcingof one ftone, one and twcntie Cubits long, fourtecne tuq^d
and eight thicke, and brought itto the Temple atSai, Hee ordained, that euery one
fhould yeerely giuc account to the Magilhate, how he iiucd, and maintained himielfe.
And he which brought a falfe account, or Iiucd by vniuft meanes was put to death. He
was buried as was fuppofed in that Sphinx abouefaid. Pftmmenittu his Sonne fucee-
ded, whom Cambyjes dcpriued.



i Gen 41 8.
Exodus 1.7.
d Hef,A[c.lq.

makes her ff-




Chap. III.

of the t/£gypfiafi ^ idols, with their Legcndarie HiJI cries,
and CMjJlcries,

Fwcc flay longer on this eyCgytian Stage, partly the varicticofi'lu* '
thours may cxcul'e vs which haue entreated of this fubic(5>, partly the
varictieof matterj which adding fomc light to the Diuine Oracles,
(not that they ncede it, which are in thcmfcluesaAff/;; a/Zw^wir ind
d'trkeplacnhuz bccanfe ofour necd,whofe owiy eyes cannot fo eafily
difcerne that light) deferue a larger relation. For whether theHifto-
ries ofthe Olde Teftament, or the Prophecies of the New bee confidered, both there
literally wee reade of Egyptian Rites pravSifcd, and hecre myftically of like fnperftiti-
ons intlie Antichriftian Synagogue reuiued, therefore '^f<j//f(^j^zW?/W/j' 5o(^«W(?rf»(/
Egypt. No where can Antiquitie plead a longer fucccflion ot crrci'r; no whereof
fuperftition more multiplicitie; more blinde zcalc, in profecuting the fame the mfelues
or crueltie in pcrfecuting others that gainefaid. Oh Egypt ! wondcrfuil in Nature,
whofe Heauen ti braffc,ar\i yct\.\\\r\t Earth notTron; wonderfu!) for Antiquitie, Arts
and Armes.but no way fo wonderful, as in thy Rcligions,whcrewiththou haft diftur-
bed the reft of the World, both elder and later, Heathen and Chriftian. to which thou
haft beer.c a fmkc and mother of Abhominations.Thy FfeathiaKrJhifphntcd by Cham,
wztcredhy lanKcs, I^ml>rcs,Hcfmes,ovicrBo\\'cd to Athens and Rome : Thy ClTriflt-
anifme.hmous for many ancient Fathers, more infamous for that Arrian h£rejie,\\h\c\\
fifing here, cclipfcd the Chrifiian light; the World wondringandgroningto fee it
fclfe an Arrian : I fpeake not ofthe firft Monkes, whole egge, here laid, was fairc , and
beginnings holy : but (by the Deuils brooding) brought forth in after.ages a dange-
rous Serpent : Thy Mahumetifms entertained with like lightncfle of credulitie, with
hke eagernes of deuotion,no Icfic troublefomc to the Arabian Scft in Afia and Afrikc,
then before to the Heathens or Chriftians in Europe. The firft Authour(it fcemeth)of
this Egyptian, as ofall other falfe Religions, was Cham ( as before is faid) which had
taken decpc rooting in the dayes of /o/i^jA the Patriarch, andinthe davesof yT/a/z'.r;
their Pricfts,"^ Wifemen and Southfaycrs, confirmmg their deuotions with lying Mi- the Scriptures teftifie oi'I-tmes and fambres;inA^ Hermes Trifmegiftus, of his
Grandfather and himfelfc. The Gr.Tciansa'cribcthefe deuotions to 0[irts and Jjis-.oi
whom the Hiftorie and Myfterie is fo confufed; that Tjphna neuer hew d Oftris into fo
many pieces asthefe vainc Theologians and AijthologtAns haue done. They are for-
footh in thcEgytian throne.King and Qneene;in the heauens, the Sunnc and Moone:
beneath thcfc, the Elements; after Herodotus^ they are Bacchus and Ceres : Diodorus
maketh Of.nsihc fame with the Sunne, Seraj>is, 'Diotyjlus, Plmo,Ammoti Jupiter : /-
fis^ the Moonc,C*rtf.f « and lur.o. In AItcrobi«s and Sernius fhe is the nature of things;
he, Ada-tis and Atis : Plutarch addcth to thcfc Interpretations Oceanusand, as


,C H A p,3- AFRICA. Thfixt 'Booke: 5(^9

—-=-. - . — — ^ — 9 ■ —'• - - -" -

to I fit, MiftrHA, P'offrpina , Thetis. And if you haue not enough, y4p»/fmt will heipe
yoiiyVj'nhfe^fU, Diatm, Eellana, Hecate, '^amntifia : and HeltodorHs nearer home,
inaketh OA''" to be A'^///^/, the Earth If>s. So true is it that « anldolliinothwg in the e T.Cor.z.^.
rvor/J.andldohicrsrvorflnp th'y k^orv natvhat. Stitwfelliis interpracth 0/r//tobcc ^*''|''^'
p^lrAham, znd Ifis to he. Sarah, whom Mofes calleth alfo Ifcha. Oms gyf polio fxhh, -/abfcofrnwr'.
Ifis is the Starrc called of the Egyptians, 5(7//^«, which is thcDog-ftarre, therefore
called IJh, bccaufc at the firfl rifing of that Star,thcy prognofiicatcd what fliould hap-
pen the yearc following. The like was in vfe among the Cilicians, who obfevucd the
tirft rifing of thatStarre from the top of T/mrtts, znd thence laith r^Uv.tli^s,

Eaentui frtigt4mv»rios crtcmporadiciint,

^fttg, vaUtudo, concordiif ^uarita, &ic.
Thence they foretell what ftore of fruits or want,

What timcs,what health, what concord, they dcfcant,
Tttlly in thefirft Rookc of his Diuination, reciteth the fame out of HeracUdes Po».
r/c»/ of the Cei. But the Egyptians had morecaufe to obfcrue that Starrc, becaufe
Nilus doth then bcginne to encreafe. And therefore from thence they began to rec-
kon their Tek^ph^ or quarters cf their yeare ; as the lewcs from Nifan.

But to fcarch this Fountaine further, you may rcade the Egyptian opinion in D/tf- "
rf«rw, f howthatthcvvorld, being framed out of that ^/j<jw. or firft matter, theligh- fDiod.s'xJ.u
ter things afcending, the hcauicrdefcending, the Earth yet impcrfc6>, was heated and
hardened by rhcSunncj whofcviolent heatbcgateof hcrflimie foftneflecertainepu-
tridelwellings,coucrcdwitha thinnefilme, which being by the fame heatc ripened,
broughtforth all manner of creature'. Th\s ffiuddj ge»eratieKW3s (fay they) firftin
Egypt, moft fit (in rcfpefl of the (Irong foile, temperate ayre, Nilus cuerflowing,and'
rxpofed to the Sunne) to beget and nourifli them ; and yet retaining fome fuch vertue
at the new flaking of theRiuer, the Sunne more def.rous (as it were) of this Egyptian
Concubine, whom the waters had folong detained from his fight, ingcndring m thai
lufifull fit many Creatures^ a? Mice and others,whofe fore-parts are fecne mouing be-
fore the hinder are formed. Thefe newly-hatched people could not but afcribe Diui-
nitie to the Author of their the names oWfru andZ/i'jjWorfhipping the '
Sunne and Moone, accounting them to be gods, and cucrlailing : adding in the fame
Catalogue, vndcr difguiied names of lf!piitr,J^tdcan,MiKcrua,Oceamsi, and C<rrw,thc
jfiue Elements of the World, Spirit, Fire, Ayre, W3ter,and Earth. Thefe eternall gods
bcot others, whom not Nature, but their owne proper merit made immortall,which
reigned in Egypt, and bare the names of thole ceicfliallDeitips. Their Legend of
g O/rfcf ,is,that he hauing fet Egypt in ordcrjeauing Ifn his wife Goitcrnour,appoin- g Some thinftc
ting-^frcwnc herCounlellour(theinuenter of Arithmetikc, Muficke.Phyficke, and diacthis Ofim
of their fiiperftition) made an Expedition into farre Countries, hauing Hercules for "^^^ Mivt'm
his Gcncrall, with ^/)o//ffhisbrothcr, ex/««/^fcf andyJ/^r/'/^whisfonnes, (whofe En- cbam. Mort.
fignes were a Dog and a Wolfe, creatures after for this caufc honored, and their coim- Sce this Lc-
terfeitsworfhippcd) ?4w, * tjHareu, and 7V.Y'/o/'w»//,and the nine Mufes attending gcnd at large
with the Satytcs.Thus did he munde the world,rather with Arts, then Armcs; teaching ^^Ciel.cdctig.
men husbandrie in many parts of Afia and Europc,and where Vines would not grow, ^'p,/' 3^'y')^.
to make drinke of Barley. At his returne, his brother Tjphon flew him, rewarded with ^^<,_/ , .makes
like death by thereuenging hand of 7// and her fonnc Orns. Thedifperfedpeeces, Par. tobe Bac-
into which 77f^c«had cut him, fliee gathered and committed to the Priefts, with in- f/wihisGens-
iundtiontoworfhippehim, with dedication vnto him of what beaftthey bert liked, "Hi" his In-
■which alio fliould be obferucd with much ceremonic, both aliue and dead, in memo- ^j^" ^P^^'i-
rieof C?/w. In which refpcfl alio ^ theyobferued folemncly to make a lamentable h uaant.lib.x.
fearch for O/Trfef with many teares, making femblance of like loy at his pretended fin-
dinz-jwhercoi^ L!!canCms.eihj'Ktt)fci»awjjfati<safitfJ>ttts O/rw ;alway fecking (faith
Z,<jf?<?«f/>«^ and alway finding. To cftablifli this 0/ir/^» Religion, fhee confccrateda
third part of the Land in Egypt for maintenance of thefe fuperflitious rites and per-
fons : theother twoparts appropriated to the King, and his fouldiers. This Ifis, after
her death, was alfo deified in a higher degree of adoration then Ojirts felfe. One thing
is lacking to our talc,\vhich was alfo lacking a long time to ///in her fearcb.For when



Of the B^yptian idols and MyUertes. C h a p. 5,

i Armh.contri
refevt ctufam
VtuUi Com.!.-

k Athc>t.l.j,c.^,

1 VhxUiii is the
Image of a
mans yard.

Orig. dear. lib. 1.
Nut, Com?&c,

fhce had with thehelpcof waxemadevpof fix and twcntie parts, which rtiee found,
fo many Images of Oftns^ all buried in feucrall places : his priuities, which Typhonhid
drowned in Nilus, were not without much labour found, and rnore foleranitie inter-
red. And that the Diuell might ftiew howfarrehecanbefotmen, the Image ' hereof
was made and worfhipped; the light of this darkneflc fhining asfarre as Greece,
whoCc Phailtu, Phallego^ia,IthfphaSi, PhaSofheria, anThalJaphori iflued out of this
fincke, together with their membrousmonfter Prmpw. Yea, the Egyptians haulng
loft their owne eyes in this filthie fuperftition, beftowedthemon the Image of Ofm:
his ftones, which they purtrayed with an eye.

tyithemtHs k telleth of Ptol. Philadelphia in a fo!eninitie,whcrein he lifted to flicw
to the world his madncs; or (as it was then eflecmed) his magnificence (a place worth
the reading to them, who arenotheere glutted with our tedious Egyptian Banquet)
he among many fumptuous fpe<ftacles prefented a 1 Phallus of gold, painted, with
golden crowncs,ofan hundred and twentie cubits length, hauing a golden ftarre on
the toppe, whofc circumference was fix cubi ts. This was carried in a Chariot,as in o-
thers the Images o^Priapta, and other Idols. Of Tyfhoti the Poets * fable, that after
the gods, by the helpc of mortall men, had flaine the giants, the Earth in indignation
forthelofle of that her Giantly brood, lying with Tartartts, brought forth T^/^^cw,
which exceeded all the former: for his height furmounted the Mountaines, bis head
reached to the Starres , one of his hands to the Weft, the other to the Eaft , from which
proceeded an hundred heads of Dragons : his lejige? were entwined with rolls of Vi-
pers, which reached to his head, filling the world withterrible hiflings : his bodie co-
ucred with fcathers,his eyes flaming with fire,a flame ftreaming alfo oiit of his mouth.
Thus was he armed, and fought againft Heauen, and made the gods runne away into
Egypt, and turne thcmfelucs into many formes: with many talcs more which I fur^

Of the Ifiacall rites, ■" that brazen Table (fuppofed tohauebeenefomc Akar-co-
uer) after poffeffed by Card. Bemhus, full of myfticall Charafters, cxplaned by Z,<««.
rentius Pigmrius in a Treatife of this Argument, may further acquaint the dcfirous
Reader. 'Dioderhs thinketh this the caufc why they confecratedGoates, anderefled
Images of Satyres in their Temples; affirming that theit Priefts arc firft initiated in
thefe bawdie rites. Their canonized Beafis, of which the Egyptians and Syrians,
(faith " Tully) concciued ftronger opinions of Deuotion, then the Romans of their
moft facred Temples, were ° Dogs,Cats,Wolues .Crocodiles,/<:A»ir««»»»/,Rammes,
Goats, Bulles, and Lions, in honor of //S"/: their facred Birds were the Hawke, ibU,
Pi&<f»/copffr«j: befides Dragons, Afpes, Beetles, amongft things creeping; and of
fifties, whatfoeuer had fcales ; and the Ecle. Yea their rcafon did not onely to fenliblc
things afcribe Diuinitie, but Garlikc and Onions wefi free of their Temples, derided
therefore by p luttend,

Porrnm (^ cxpe nefoi vitUre & frangere mtrfu .-

O faunas gentes t^Hibus hisc nafcuntur in hortU

Onions Or Leckes by old Egyptian Rite,
It was impietie to hurt or bite :
Ohholy people ! inwhofe gardens grow
Their gods, on whom deuotion they beftow.
For this caufe feme q thinke the Hcbrewes were in fuch tthemwution to the Egjpti-
A»s, that they would not eate with them, as eating and facrificing thofe thicgs, which
the other worfiiipped. Example whereof£)«Wtfr«/an'eyc-witnciTetelleth,That when
Ptolemey gauc entertainment to the Romans, whofc friend he was declared; a Roman,
at vnawares hauing killed a Cat,could not by the kings authoiity,fending Officers for
hisrefcue,nor for fcare of the Romans, be detained from their butcherly furic. For fuch
was their cuftome for the murther of thofefacred creatures, to put to death by exqui-
fite torments him that had done it wittingly, and for the Bird jlu and a Cat, although
Vnwictingly flaine. And therefore ifanyCfpie any of them lying dead, heftandetha-
loofc lamenting and protcfting his owuc innocencic. The caufe of this blindc zeale,


m taur.'Pig.



n DeNat.Veo-

de dec'im prac.
top. cont.Aff.

p luutnd.

1 i.addeth gar-
like,as wor.
fworne by.

q Trem.& Im.
inGencf. 43.

C H A P.3- AFRICA. thepxt 'Booke! 57 1

were the mctamorphefis of their diftrcfled gods into thefe fhapcs ; fecondly, their an-
cient Enfigncs;third]y,the ■■ profit of them in common life. Or/^^'ifaddeth a fourth, r Tufc^.l.^^
bccaufe they wcrC vfed to diuaiation, and therefore (faith he) forbidden to the Ifrac- i ^rig. ((intra.
lites as vnclcane. Enfebiw out of the Poet citcth a fift caufe, namely, the Diuine Na- ^^'i'*'" ''*••*'
(toic diffufcd itito all creatures, after that of the Poet :

TtrraJ^ir/tSluf^m^triSyCalm^proffiftjiim. '
God goes thorovv Sea and Lmd, and Ibftie Skies.

I might adde a Ci%tAhn iJiiTi{Ji4Jx<^ixi( or tranfanimation, t which Pythagoras ("it fee- ji^'^''" *'^
mcth)hcerc borrowed. Yea iy£«cM 6az,tM " a Platonike, in his Theephrafim or f^ould°oac
Dialogue of thefoules immortalitie, affirincth, That P/^/o learned th s opinion of the while qukkea
Egyptians, and difperfed it through all his BookeSj as did Tlotinfu and other his fol- aman,anoiher
lowers after him, numbring amongft the reft Porphyrins and Jambltchtts. "hiJc afifti.

If I might, with the Readers patience, I would adde fomewhat of their i^i7^y/>«>/ ^[rd' a'ffn
mc^Mitte^ and the myfticall fenfe of this iniquitie. For as many haue fweat in vnfolding from l\^\^
the my rteries of that Church, •mhichfptrittiallji h called S'edome and Egypt, ^'i ^mbro- another.
/;((i4fAr»}arieh,j4ma/iiriM,'D(ira»duf,DarMtM^zndothets: To here haue not wan- " m.Blb.fat,
ledvnyA'KMInterpxetevs, 'Porphyria, r^mhlicw, Plutarch, and the teft. Such is the """•^'
deeptneffe of Satan inthefliallowneffeof humane, both reafon and truth. Water and
iFiretheyvfedinalltheirSacrifices,anddocthemdeuouteft worfhip(faith''Pw/>;^^rrj ^^ '^pi'd ^''fcb.
becaufe thofe Elements are fo profitable to mans vfe : and for this Vfe fake they adored ''' ^'■*/''-J-f •»•
fo many creatures : at Anubis they worfhipped a man. But efpecially they held in ve-
neration thofe creatures which feemcd to hold fbme affinitic with the Sunne. Euen
that fiinking Beetle or Scarabee did thefe (more blindethcn Beetles) in their flinking
fuperftitjons obferue, as aliuing Tmage of the Sunne, becaufe, forfooth, all Scarabees
arcof malefcx (and therefore alfo faith y ty£han, Souldiers wore thefigure of the y X.llan.de4'
Scarabee in their Rings, as thereby infinUdting their mafculine fpirits) and hauing flicd »»«'»'.'■ Jo.c.ij.
their feed in the dung, doe make a ball thercof,which they rowle to and fro with their
feet , imitating the Sunne in his circular iourney. luliui Firmiciu ^ inueigheth a- %
gainft them for their worfhip, and fupplications, and fuperftitious vowes made to the '"yfi-yrffa/i,c.i.
Water: and forthat their fabulous Legend of Ofns, ijls, and Typhon, vnfolding the
Hiftorie and Myftcrie. Ettfebuu followeth this Argument in the leuerall beafts which
thcywor{hip; buctoauoid tedioufncfle, Ileauehun, tolookeoii P lut arches ^imcs
in this Argument. » He maketh Ifts to be deriucd of the verbe nSivAi to know, as be- ^ ^\ ^f- «*" If-
ing the Goddeffe of Wifdome and Knowledge; to whom Typhon {or his ignorance A*f<»j.

is an enemie. For without Knowledge, Immortalitie it felfc could not dcferuethc ^P'f^^""^^'-

fT-ru c-r- Hits tjKi verita-

name of Life, but of Time. tisejidomim,

Their Priefts fhaued their owne haire, and wore not woollen but linnen garments, & fapicntk,
becaufeof their profefledpuritie, to which the haire of man orbeaft being but an ex- ^uatemu m ge-
cremcnt, difagreed: and for this caufe they reieiled Bccucs, Mutton and Porke, as "''''""""''» /""-
meats which caufe much excrements. Yea their y4/>/.r might not drinkc cfNilus, for fmf7'"t
this riuers fatning qualitie,butof a fountaine peculiar to his holineflc. At Heliopolis ntionem ptodu-
they might not bring wine into the Temple, holding it vnfcemeiy to drinkc in the pre- at in lucem, A-
fencc of their Lord. They had many purifications wherein wine was forbidden.Their ""J™ JEgfptia-
Kings, which were alfo Priefts, had their facrcd flints of wine; and did not drinke it "''"5"" ^<'-
at all before P/jiWf«c«^ time, efteeming wine to bee the bloudofthem, whichfomc- 'autemTnt'^"'*^
time warred againft the gods,outof\vhofe{lainecarkaflcs Vines proceeded,and hence dado 'pe,aztt
proceedethdrunkenncfle,andm3dneflc by wine. Their Priefts abftaine from all Fi£h< omnu?ht\\3.
they eat not Onions, becaufe they grow moft in the wane of the Moone, they procure ""ncupntur -,

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 112 of 181)