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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 113 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 113 of 181)
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alfoteares and thirft. Their Kings were chofen alfo either of the Priefts.orofthe Soul- |«'''^'"'^#«
dicrs;and thefe alfo after their cledion, were prefently chofen into the Collcdge of ofiris JfT'
Priefts. 0/mfignifieth many eyes, in the Egyptian language. O/, is much, and£r/, dL-noMiutimes
aneye. Tiie Image of cj^/w^rx^e at 5'<«/,hadchis infcription,/<<»».?//,n'^/c^;/,W^«c/i lubct propter
hath beene, rvhich (hall bsy vphefe Paining light no mart all man hath opened. Ammon b they potcntuu, allli-
call Am (the fame as is before faid with Hamoi Cham, the Ibnne of Niiah) in the vo- "'^^f: ^ff"'''''
catiue cafe, as inuocating him,whom they hold the chiefe God of the world, to mani- ^^ Wia*'!

fcft



572' Of the S^yptian idols and MjUerles, . C n a p .5 ,

fcft himfclfe. Thcycftccmcd children to hauc a diuining facuhic, and obferucd the
voyccs of children playing in the Temples , and fpcaking at aducnturc, as Oracles, be-
caufe IJit fceking after 0/iris, had enquired of children. They intcrprcte Aftronqmi-
cally the Dog-ftarrc to belong to Jp ; the Bcarc,to Tjfhon ; Orion, to Herns.

Thelnhabitants of Thcbais acknowledged nothing for God which was mortall;
but worfhippcd Cntfh, which they faid, had neither beginning nor ending. So many
arc the interpretations in their myrticall Theologic, that Truth muft needs beabfent,
which is but One .-and thcfcrriay rather fccmcfubtilc fetches of their Priefls, to gulf
theirpeople, then the true intents of their firft authors ofldolatrie. Becaufe T)fhon
was of red colour, they confccrated red Bulls, in which yet there mightnotbceonc
hairc blackc or white. They cftecmedit nota facrificc acceptable to the gods, but
contrarie,as which had rcceuied the foulcs of wicked men: and therefore they curfed
the head of the facrificc, which they hurled into the Riuer : and fihcehauc vfed to fell
to ftrangcrs. The Diuell happily would teach them an apifh imitation of that facrificc
of the red Cow, AT^w^.i^.ThePtieftsabhoire the Sea, as wherein Nilusdicth ;and
fait is forbiden them, which they call 7)'/'A»wfpittlCi InSaiJnthc Porch of CMintr*
uaes Temple, was pifturcd an Infant,an old Man,aHauke,a Fifh,and a Sea-horfe.The
vny{iet\ewzs,OjeethatMrei>or»e,a»dMe, God hateth Jhamelejfe ferfans. The Haukci
flgnificd God, the Fifla Hatred, the Sea-horfe Impudencie.

By their OJtris and Tjifhon, they fignificd the good and cuill, whereof we hauc not

oncly vicifiTitudeSjbut mixtures, in all thcfe earthly things. And hecre Plutarch is large

in fhewing the opinion of thcfe wife-men, which when they faw fo much cuilly ^nd

knew withal that good could not be the caufc of cuill,they imagined two beginnings,

one whereof they called God, the other Diuell : the good, Ortmaz.es ; the bad, ay^ri'

manius. This opinion is fathered on Z«ro4/?r«.Betwixt thefc two was Aiithres,\^!hoax

the Perfians called a Mediator. So the Chaldxans had among the Planets, two gooci,

two bad, three of middle difpofition. The Grecians, their 7«p;/ffr and!Z)//,and//4r7

monia begotten o^VtnHs and Mercury. Emfcdoctcs called the one Friendship, the o.

c t^id,Sec.l.i, therDifcord: the Pythagoreans « call the good, Ow,boundcd,abiding,right,fquare,

ctp.if. &c.Thc other, Z)»p/«n»/*, infinite, moued, crooked, long, Sec. ^ttxa^orM, the raindc

and infinitncffe ; ySr//if<»f/r,Formcand Priuation,*P/4/o,thc Samc,and Another.HencC

d i.c#y.i.i4. appearcthhowtrueitiSjthat ^ tht'hlatwallmt»ferceiHe«otthetbtttgstf God^ norcan

i^>;<»»'/^rw: and hence grew the ManichianHcrefic.
c Hit, Com.L6. All = the deformitic and 6cU&. ofihings,Pixtarch afcribcth to Tj/phou (whom they
<^^» alfo called Seth, Bebon, and ^/w;', faith Tignorius )thit which is good, to Oftris, and 1-

f The horncs fi' ^ ^° this the matter, to him the forme. In the Towne of Idithya they burned liuing
of /y<j(forfo men, whom they called Typhonians, fcattering their aflies, and bringing them to no-
they pifturc thing. This was openly done in Dog-daics. But when they facrificcd any of their fa-
l'."v ""^f X. A credbeafts,itW3sdonc clofely,and at vncertainetimes.Accordingto which cuftomci
to thit fable 9y4cbilUs Statius 8 framcth his Hifloric of Leucippe, facrificed by Egyptian Robbers
of lo, which and Pirats, for expiation of their villanies, and proted^ion againl^ their enemies : the
fomcfayiii/Zf* RitCs whercof were, after fomc Hymnesfung by the Prieft, to kill andrippe her, and
^ AM.Si.it, {iauingyicwcdandt3ftedtheliuer,toburicher.

^' He that would further be acquainted with thcfe myfteries,let him rcfort to Eufehiut

and Plutarch, lamhltchtts hath written alargc Treatife, Dt Mj^erijs, whercthc mor«

curiousRcadcrmay further fatisfie him (clfe. He muftcreth in their rankcs and order,

firfl the Gods, then Arch-angels, next Angels,thcn Damonet, after them Heroes,Vun-

h Marlil.Fk.in cipalitics and Soulcs in theiriubordinate orders. iJMarfilius ^ F i cmti s iot\i thus dii-

/a»;6. tianfla- pofc his Egyptian myfterics, or myfticallopinions of God. The firft in order is,^«««»

ted according Super Ens. The fecond, ZJfiftm Ens, or Vnitas Ends, The t\\\xA,liitelleiius Inttlligilnlis,

to Fmliii. Prima J^hou. The fourth, Emeph, the Captaine of the heaucnly Deities. The fift,Cap-

' ' taineofthe workmen of the worldjthcvndciflanding of the foule of the wo^-id, called

Jlmsw, Pbtha, Vulcan, Oftris. But thefc vvayes arc too rough, cragged and thornic for

a daintie traueller ; they that will, niay reade lambhchus Orceins, Porphyrins, tranfia-

\ De-eb.Esypt. ^^'^ ^V ^-^'^rftltus Fsciny.s. Calitii CalcagHtms ' hath alfo written a large Ticatifeof

thefc Egyptian Myftcris,

MerCHTins



Ckap.3- AFRICA. ThepxtSooke: 575



Mercurim TnfmegiHtu (fo called, k becaufehe was thrice greatcft King, Prieft, [^ gf^p-^,
and Philofopher) was (faith ' LaBaKtitu ) czWtdThoth ovThoyth, oivihom \.\\^y v\3- lib.i.c'api'
med their firft moncth, acknowledging to haue rccciucd their lawcs and letters tiom 1 La^ tib.i.c.i.
him. Hce built the Citie Hermopolis, and of the Saits was honored for a god. Of
him alfo eyiuguFiitie De (^luitat.Det, lib. S.car. i6. illuttratcd by the Annotations of
r'««. will further acquaint you. Goropm >" from a fpeech oi lamblichtu, That all "^ Hermamhe-
facred writings were afcribed to (JAlercHrj Trifmcgtn:tt4, gathereth after his farrefet- liilyapiny i^y ,
ched fafliion, that Tr/fmegifittt fgnifiethGod in Trinitie and Vnitie (which he gathc- GalLiaM.^, '
rcth alfo out of the word Got, or God) and that no mortall man was intended by Aler-
fwr/.but God himfelfe ; called Theyt.ov Theut, astheheadofall things, and that the
ctcrnall wifdomeot God firft taught men letters ". That the Egyptians were fubdu- " Hctakfi the
cdby the Cymmerians.who came thither out of Pbrygia, and changed their Religion, Hcbrewesbor.
leauing them both their Hieroglyphicall Characters (wherein alfo were included my- ["^^"j.^ ^Ij!''
fterics of holy thngs) and their language, both which the Prieflsobfcrued in their CimmcrianV^
Lyturcies and Deuotions. Diuine things were not meete to bee afcnbed to men, and and fimicth'
therefore all the bookcs oftheir Diuinitie were afcribed to McrcKrj, whofe Image was g^eat myftc-
3 head ending in a fquare Statuc,a re'emblance of that diuine wifdome and conltancy. ^^^^ "" the
They vfed to fet vp thefe Images in the high wayes,therein engrauing fome good mo- "^""Bsof the
rail admonitions, for which caufc they were called Mercuries and Hermes, as his
Dutch Etymologies declare, Herman fignifying nothing but a publikc admonifliin^,
and MnkrnM,\hzx. which men ought to matkc,and moft diligently to attend.The like
he doth in the names of H^rpecrates, and other their Deities, fome of them through
ignorance from Hieroglyph.kes (as the Emhleimesof George,Chri^o^her,°ind Mar- o Hier.Hii. g.
^<ir*r,amongfttheRomifls) bccominggods. Whether thefe things be true, oidaUit He faith c/»<-
*«?*. for which S calif er cenfureth Goropm, I lill not to determine,nor to fill thefe pa- /'"/'''"' ^^^ ^[^

^ ■ , „ r ^ r ^ ■ r L- ■ L L L J r r> j fopaintedof

gcs with f^ore of m:\cter of this nature from him, with wtiom the delirous Reader may ^^^^ Egyptian
himfelfe finde entertainment : where he will fhew the myfieries of their Pyramides to or Hietogly-
figni'iethc/j.frif /o;//<rof the world, and obeliskc* the Sunnc, and other things more phcr.
then eucr the Egyptians themfelues conceiued. For how could they without helpe of
Gerepit4s hi Dutch ?

p FrancifcHs Patricius (as he hath taken great paines, out of Tfellus, loannesPicHs^ p rran.Patricif
and -therSjforthe opening of thcAffyrian, and Chaldaran opinions, and hath colic- zoroaUa.
ftcd three hundred and twentie Orad . s.and facred fentences ofZoroaHer, (o he)hath
U'ithnolcfleindullriepublifhed twcntiebookesof <l Hermes ox Mercury Trifmegt- ^ T.V.Her.
fins. He affirmeth, that there were two of that name, the one Grand-father to the o- rrifmegcf,Gr<e'
ther- theelderof which wascounfeller and itiflrU(fterof//<>,and thefchoIlerof7\(«<?A. ''"'''^
He had a fonne named Td/, which begate the fecond Hermes, which Hermes had a
fonne alfo called 7 *»% by which likencflc in namegreat confi;fion and vnlikelihoods
haue happened in Hiftorie This fecond /^^rwi?/ (hec fup;iofcth)liued in the daycs ef
Mofcs, but uaslomewhat more ancient. Both the eMer and yonger were Writers, as
hefhcwcthoutof their worker: and called Tn/w^fg^f/?/, not for that hee was greatefl
King Prieft, and Philofopher. as F/c/»wfaith, nor t'orthcircleare fentences touching
the Huly Trinitie,b\iz (as the French vfe the word r^r/f^, for the Superlatiue) as men
thrice or moft excellent in learning. The fame 'Patricius hath fet forth three Treatifcs
oi A(clepins : ofwhich name were three learned Egyptians, Afchpiusf^ulcani, inuen-
terof Phyficke, A(cleftus Imuthes inuenter of Poetry , and another which had no f.ir-
name, to whom Hi'''w^ dedicated fome of his bookes ; and the (ame yifclepitts r iti t Afclcphude
the beginning of his firftbookc,callcth himfelfe thefcholler oi Hermes. In thewri- fu!e&d<emo)nb.
tings of thele Egyptians, tranflatcd into Greeke , and explaned by the Egyptian ^^b.i,
Priefts, the Greeke Philofophers, cfpecially the Platonikes and Pythagoreans, lear-
ned their D.uine, Morall, and Naturall Philofophy. Antiquitieand Learning hold
vs longer in thefe mens co:iipanie ; the more curious may haue recourle to their ownc
Workes.

Twenty thouf nd bookes are afcribed to Hermes: fome fay thirty fix thoufand fiue
hundred twentie fiue. He in his Afclepius^ f tranflatcd by Apuleius,t\\\.\s writeth. Egypt f Afdep.at^.^,
is the Image of Heauen, and the Temple of the whole World. But the timcfhall come

whea



574 ^/ ^'■'^ ^^yptian 9rieUs,Sel^s^SacrificesfiafiSj<isrc.C u A P.4.



when the Egyptian dcuotionfhallproue vaine, and their picticfruftratc: for thcDi-
uinicic fhail returne to heauen, and Egypt fliai! be forfaken of her gods. And no mar-
c Cap.i^. ucU, feeing that thcfe gods were Idolls, the workes ef mens hands, as himfdfe ' after

^ce°fim"l"'"'' flif^wcth: and when as they could not make fouies, they called, " or coniured into
fa'itC'rhit'a. them the foules of Diuels or Angels, by which the Images might hauc power to doe
mong other good or cuill. For thy Grand-father, O «y4[clepiM (faith he) wasthefirft inuenter of
fpels'they vfed phyflck to whom IS a Temple coniecrated in a Mountaine of Libya,wherc his world-
to adiure Di. jy ^^^ q^^^ bodie) relVeth : for the rcit or rather his whole felfe is gone to heauen, and
" • ohhe *^°'^ "°^' heale men by his Dcitic, as then by his Phyficke. The fame doth x Mer.



raiTie (



a



Godoflfrael, c»ry my Grand-father, prcferuingallfuch as rcforttohim- Muchmay the willing
God of the Reader learne further of their fuperiHtions, which he thus freely confefleth in that Au-
Hcbiews, God thor, whofeprophccie, God be thanked, h the bright audpowerfr/i Sunne-fhine of the

t: Sp'ns (jofp^'^' ^^-^ '°»g ^'"" ^ff^<^^d-

inth« red fca. x This might be i.hat ^/«c«7,ofwbomT«/5ffaidi, ^em Mgyjit'yncfasfutantttominare.VeN.nM.j,



Chat. II 1 1.

ofthekitcSy Priesh, Seffs, Sacrifices, Fealfs, Inutntionsi, tn^ ethtr
obfcruAtions of the ^A-gyftuns,

^\*^^^*^Husfarrehauewelaunchcd out of their Hiflorie, into their Myflcriesi
Jkr^gS f^^l ^° returne to the relation of their Bealb and bcftiall fuperftitions. !.«-
LMian dt 'lto'^1 I^W: ^'^** ^ faith. That Apis reprefentcd the Celefliall Bull,and other beafts
/ipologia. ^^M\^^^ which they \vor{hipped,othcrllgnes in the Zodiake, They that refpe.

^^^^^K '^^'it'^'^Conftellation of /'//?!?/, did eate no fifii; nor a Goat, if they
^^^-*****— ^ regarded C«i/)r;c«r;v. «/^r/i?/aheauenlyConftellation, wastheirhca-
bS/raco/ifr.iy. uenly deuotion: and not hecie alone, but at the Oracle of /^//i/rfr Ammon. ^ Strabo
faith, That they nourifhed many, which they accounted facred, but not gods. This
c VioASkAb.i. nouriflnncnt, after « Dioderm, was in this (ort : firft they confecrated vnto their main-
tenance fufficient lands. Such Votaries alfo as had recoucrcd their children from feme
dangerous ficknefl'e.accuflomed to fhaue their I aire, andputrinc;it in gold orflucr,
offered it to their Prices, The Haukes they ted w ith gobbets of flc{li,and with bitdcs
catchcd for them. The Cats and Ichneumons, with bread, andmilke, andfifli.- and
likewife the reft.

When they go their Proccflfions, with thcfe beafts difplaycd in their Banners.euery
one falleth downe and doth worfhippe. When any ofthemdieth, it is wrapped in fine
linncn, faked and embalmed with Cedar and fweetoyntmems, and buried in a holy
place, the reafonleffe men howling and knocking their breafts.in the exequies of thcfe
vnreafonabic beafls. Yea, when famine hath driuen them to eat mansflcfh,the zealc of
deuotion hath preferued vntouchcd thcfe facred creatures. And if a Dog die in a houfc,
all in thathoufholdfliauethemfehies, and make great lamentation. If Wine.VVheat
or other food be found, where fuch a bcaftlicth dead, fuperftition fotbiddeth further
vfcof it, Prvncipall men, with principallmeats^arc appointed to nourifh them in the
circuit of theirTemples.

They bathe and annoint them with odoriferous oyntments.And they prouide to cue-
rie one of them a female of his owne kindc. Their dead they bewails no Icfl'e, then of
their ownc children : In their faneralls they are exceeding prodigall. In the time of
Pro/if/w«« L4!_^/, their vt/pMorBulI of Memphis beinj.^ dead, theKeeper beftowed on
his funeralljouer and aboue the ordinary allowance and offerings, fiftic talents of (il-
uer borrowed of P;«/r»«9'. that is, twelucthoufand and Hue hundred pound ofour mo-
ney after the Egyptian talent, or afterthe Alexandrian, eightcene thoufand feuen hun-
dred and fiftie pound. And in our age, faith DiodorHSfZn eyc^Vv-itncffc of thcfe his re-
lations, fonie of thefe Nourifhershaue beftowed an hundred talents on this laft ex-
peuce, which is twice as much as the former. After the death of this Bull, which they

call



Chap.4' AFRICA. The pxt'Bboke, . 57^

cal yipu,viis made a fbletnnc and publikc lamcntation^which they teftified by fhauing
their heads, although their {)urp]'c locks might compare with thole of A7'«/}«/aith''L«- d luc.de Sa^ra,
i-Mw: and after his buriall « were an hundred Priefts employed, in fcarch ofanother ^ ^°'"'- '
like the former; which being found, was brought to the CiticNilus, and there nourl- ^^•^*^^'
ftied forty daycs. Then they conueyed him into a clofe fhip, hauing a golden habita-:
dc, in which they carried him to Memphis, and there placed him in the Temple of
VnlcAn for a god. Athisfirft comming 'onely women wcrepermitted to fee him, f£ujf6 frxfai,
who I knownot in whathellifhmyderie, lifting vp their garments, fhewed himNa- £«a»^.;/i.z.c.i!
tures feerets,and from thence-forth might neuer be admitted the fight of him. At his
firft finding, the people ccafe their funcrall lamentations. At his folcmncrcceiuing in-
to Memphis, they obfcruc a feuen-dayes fcftiuall,with great concourfc of people. His
confecration was done by one wearing a Diadem on his head. They made the people
belccue he was conceiued of lightning. He e had a Chappcll affigned to him, and cal- g Straho l.\-r.
led by h's name. He was kept in a place enclofed.bcfore which was a Hall ; and in that V'dA<!^\.Qrat,
another endofed roome.for the Dame or Mother o!iA^ti.\nio this Hall ihcy brought ^J"; ^ '^^ '"**
him,whcn they would prefcnt him to ftrangers. Vfmmmetichm was the founder of this ''"'^ ^^"''
building, borne vp with colloffes,or huge ilatucs of tweluc cubits, in (tcad of Pillars,
and graucn full of figures. Ontcayeare *> hchadfightof afemale, chofen by efpcci- ^ ^oYwm.
all raarkcs, and flaincthc fame day. Onafctday, whichhemightnot outliue, accor- ^''"'"'''''
ding to their rituall bookes, they drowned him in the bottomc of a facred fountaine ;
and then buried him as aforefaid, with much mourning. After this folcmnitie it was
lawfull for them to enter into theTempleof 5irr<»^//.Z)<ir;>« to curry fauour with the
Egyptians, offered an hundred talents to him that could find out a fuccccding Afts.Oi
this^pM.thuswritcth' ^«^«J?;»?..<4/>« was the King of the Argiucs,who failing into i VeCmtu DcK
Egypt,and there dying,was worfhipped by the name of^fr^jpz/.tbeir greatcf] god.This ''^.18. m^j.
mmcSerapis was giucn him (faith rArro) of his funerall Cheft,called in Greekc g-cfif,
and from tbefice SornpiSyis ifonc fliould {3y,Sere/apit,afteT Serapis.Jt was enaftcdjthae
whofoeuer fhould affirme,that he had bin a man,(hould be done to death. Hence it is,
thatinthcEgJipt!3nTcmplcs/:/4rpocr«e/w*,anIm3gehoIdinghisfingeronhismouth, * yid.Hiero.
it ioyned a companion to /// and Serapit.'m token of concealing their former humani- S')'p''-Gii*'op. l.^,
tic.^wj^^wkfaithjthat^/tf.vrfWi^/^rbuilt vnto hjmamagnificentTemplc,ofwhich, and k Suidas,
of this Serapis we fhall largely declare in the next Chapter. ^/«.'x out oiNjmphoionts
faith, that this carkaffe in that Chefl, whereof the name Serapis was dcriucd ; was of a
Bull, nocofa man. i'^/f^/M* ' nameth two Kings called by this name ^/>/.r,one a Sicy- 1 Eu/cb.chron.
oiiian, the other of Argos: the firft more ancient; the other the fonne of /»/7/r(?r and
Niehf, called akei,Serap/s. But y^polhderus * affirmeth him the fonnc oiPhoroieus and » ^j, t „■. ,•
brotherofA^/o^?. AndthereforetheSicyonianKingismorelikely tobethe Egyptian B.uc'ap.i '
^/>M,builderofMemphis:fbrihe other '" died in Peloponnefus, which of him was m Scal.i/tkuf^
called Jpia. (^a/ias Cakagtunus * affirmeth,that their Apis was but the /ymbole of the ' cxI c I d
foulc oiOfiris : and that Serapis is an Egyptian word,and fignifieth ioy and mirth. But rcb.AEgptiacif,
who can finde truth in f3lfchood,Drcertaintie in fuperftitious errors? Themarkes"of n f'^iuMAic.'
the next yipts were thefc ; All his bodie was blacke,with a white (brre in his forehead, '^'^ ciu.DciJiif.
zftei Hcrodot»s,ot in his right lide,faithy//«j)', like vnto a horned Moone. Forheewas '^•'"/'•J.
facred to the Moone, faith i^^<«rff&««<. On hisbackehehadthcfbapeof anEaglc, a
knot on his tongue like a Beetle. If fuch an one, might feemc to fomc impolflble to be
found, as no doubt it was rare, and therefore co{fiy;^fliff«<i?»w « attributechitto the o vilfupra.
Diuels working, prefcnting to the Cow in her conception fuch a phantafiicall appari-
tion, the power of which Imagination appeareth in P laests c\nr\^\e. p Gem

But what a bcaftlyriirrehauc we heere (mce thinkes Ihearefome whining Reader *

%) about bcafts s and Bulls?I anfwere that it deferueth the niore full relation, be th for q iVartthue co^

the multitude ofAuthors,which mention fomethingofthisHiftory,'for the antiquitv, '''"^«jApis.
and efpecially for thepracSife of the fame tuperftition, ■■ in ey^^ions 2nd ferolxiams ^'''d.Mct.9.
Calues.ifici their returiie from Egypt,thc fchoole of this Idolatry. Bcfidcs this Jptj of ^ ^"^'"S« Ori^,
MemphiSjtheyinotherplacesobierucd others, as J/«f«//abIacke Bull, confecrated ^'^'"^"
to ' the Sunne,as Apis was to the Moone:with his haires growing forward^worfiiippcd' »
atHeliopolis.5«jf»y i" another that was faincd to change colour cuery hourc, at Her- f ^*|f'^I

D d d jnunthus.



t 0/ig.cont,Cel-
fumltb.i.



576 Of the jE^ptian TrieUsjSeBs^SacriJiceSyfeasis,zfrc.CiiAp,^,

muntlnis, befides Onuphis, and Mciiuphis other where. Thus by finne beafts became
gods, men became beafts, if this be not a bafcr degree of bafencfle to worfhip beaflj
and in them diuclls : to content themfelucs with meanc houfcs, and neuer to be con-
tented with the magnificence and fumptuoufneflc of their Temples to beafts. ' Splttr.
didafama CHtn lucu , & ttmfla cum vfflibitlu &fariiciiw admirandis : imro<rreJ[>u au-
tem videhtf uderarifelem, &c. That is.Tbey haue glorious Chappels, with Groucs:and
ftately Temples.with goodly gatc-waycs and porchesibut when you arc within once
you fhall fee nothing but a Cat (or fome fuch Carrion) worfliipped, &c. And eucn at
this day in Cayroand other places of Egypt, they account it (according to their Ma-
humctan fuperftition) no fmall point of charitie to be bountiiull and liberall to birds
which they will redeemc " to hbertie, and to Dogges, Cats, and other beafts, fetting
them meat, and good prouifion at appointed times. As for the Camell that hath car-
ried the Alcoran at Mecca in their Pilgrimage yee haue heard ^ alreadic, how religi-
ous they efteemc the touch thereof: DoHfa y law the like at Conftantinople,fome
plucking off his haires as holy reliquet, fome kifling him, fome wiping ofif his fweate
therewith to rubbe their faces and eyes; all entertaining him with frequent concourfc
and at laft eating hiiflefh, diftributed into fmall parts for that purpofc.

Wc arc further to know, that although Egypt worfhipped beafts, yet not all, the
fame : Thcfc » only were vniuerfally recciued: three beafts aDog,aCat,aBull:two
fowles ; the Haukc and the Ibis : two fifties ; Lepidotta and Oxyrtnebm. Other beafts
haue their Se6is of worfliippcrs; asaSheepeamong the Thebans and Saits; the fifh
called Lattu among the Latopolitans : a Qnocefhalw at Hermopolis (v\ hith is a kind
of great Ape » orMonkicnaturaJly circumcifed,andabhorringfromfifli) a Wolfe ac
Lycopolis. The Babylonians neerctoMcmphis,worfliippedabcaftcalled Cepui,re-
fembling intheface a Satyrc.in other parts, partly a Dog, partly a Bearer likewifc 0^
thcr Cities^ other beafts, which caufed great diflention, whereof *> iKutnul.
t/irde: adhuc Ombos (jr Tttttjra,[ummns vtrinj^
Inde furor vui^o ^ued numiua vtcmerum
Odtt vterjj lectu—- —

Ombos AndTentjiraAothoth yetburne
With mutuall hate, becaufe they both doe /purne
At one anothers gods, &c.
Sirabehw, iniht fiomtu orfhire of Arfinoe, diuinehonorgiuentoa Crocodile
kcpttameinacertainelakeby thePriefts, and named Shchw, nourifhed with bread,
wine, and flefli,which the Pilgrimcs that came to vifite him offered. Now the Tenty-
rites,& thofc of Elephantina killed Crocodiles. And in the city of /;/frc«/« they wcr-
fliipped an Ichneumon, a bcaft that dcftroyeth Crocodiles and A fpes, and therefore e-
ucn at this day of much eftimation,as Bellonifu ' obferueth,where you may fee his de«
fcription. Thefe imagined that Typhon was transformed into a Crocodile.At Hermo-
polis they worfhipped a Goat : and Goats had carnall mixture with women. <• The
Ombitcs (more beaftly) eftcemed themfelues fauoured of their Crocodile god, if .he
filled his paunch with the flefti and bloud of their dcarc ft childrcn,as 'Balk and others
report of the modcrne Inhabitants of Pegu, before related. King Mtnas built aCitie
called CrocodiU, and dedicated the neighbour- fcnnc to their food.They were as fcru-
pulous in the vfc of meats: fome «abftained from Cheefc, fome from Beanes, fome
f rom Onions,others aft er their owne fancie.This multiplicity of fefts is afcribed to the
policie of their ancient Kings, according to that rule, 2) /></Wtf<*W'3(»//f. For it was not
likely they would ioyne in confpiracie,whom Religion (the moft mortall make-bate)
had difioyned. At Coptus.wherc the holies of//*/ were moft folemne, there vvere(faith
, ( tyEliati) ft^re ot great Scorpions.which prefently killed fuch as they ftung : but yec
the women whch there lamented//*/, no Icfl'e then widowes the death.of their huf-
barids,'>r mothers of the-r children, and going barefoot, are neucr hurt by thcm.Heere
they deuoted the mjle Goats to their bellies, the females to their goddcffc. Haiikes
were confecrated to Ortts or the Sunne,bec3ufe they fly and lookc dirc(Sly againft the



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 113 of 181)