Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 114 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 114 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Sun-bcames: of thi', bird they fabled that it lined (euen hundred yeares. They which
will,may hnde in that his tenth booke,the reafons of diucrs other iheh bsafily and fsult
dcuoiions, too tedious for this place. They

u Itach Vn^it.

X SupJ.^.cS.
y G. Douf.Jli-

Stuilpus defa-
cr'ii fieri fictifqi
Clem. Paren. &
a ytd.Gefiier.
dequidiup, &
Mian, dt m.^a.'
b luum.Sat,
lU fee the
Aliunde an.

c P.telion.tb,

e 'Dodor.Sie.
lib I,

f JE'lan. de an

CHAP4' AFRICA. the /ixt'Booke, $77

They held Serpents in To facred account, ^ that OJIrit is ncuer painted without ^ tj>i.r;„«r
them-.and f0fepl}M ' faith Jhat it was reckoned a happincs (which I thinke few would jfaccxp. ""
cDuy thcm)to be bitten of Afpcs,3s alfo to be deuoured of Crocodiles.Vencmous was c hi.cent.Ap,
that ffd Serpe»t,which both here and in other Nations, then, and at this day.hath pro- ''^-i-
cured diuinc honor to this firft Inftrumcnt of Hell : As if he would thus cialt this tro-
phee of his ancient conqueft,in defpite both of God and Man, in that Creature where-
by man pcrinicd,and whichGod had curfed: except we will rather attribute it to a di -
uclhni malice.or api fh imitation of that trafen Serpent fet vp ^7 M o s e s ^ r» the wilder- ^ John 3 . I4,
»«^,thc figure of Chriftcrucificd,«'A«^r/?^<'fA«3'<r;'<rWJ-^'^i<^>''''-'»JrthePrcphctw'3s ':•

ftoned(fomc <: fay) atTanis in Egypt, and was after worfhipped of the Inhabitants = ^_''""« ^1*'
there ( fuch was their difference of Sefts) for his prefcnt remedying the Stings of S'"^'


Ithinkebythistimc, either my relation or their fuperftition is tedious : and yctX
haue not mcniioned other their gods, both flincking and moliftrous. Loath am I 10

fearch the waters for their deified Frogs, and Hippopotami, or play the fcaucnger, to ,: . ^

prefent you with their Beetle gods out of their priuies: yea their priuies fand farts l^lt^'^-^''

had their vnOuory canonization, and went for Egyptian Deities; lettice futabic to pn,,,,;^

fuchlippcs. So Hiertmc * deridcth their drcadfull deitie, the Onion,andaftinking * f,tk(.up.a,6.

fiTt,crepaMVe»triinfl>iliaM.i PeifiJi^careligioeJ}, \vh\chlhcywox[h\ppedziPcluCnm. &cm.& alias.

Lcfiebrutifli, though not kffe Idolatrous, was it in P/o/<rw<£»i'Pi»/«p/«?-, s tocred a g -^^ ^^>-./'i'.

Temple to //•w^ which his Image was placcd.comely fitting enuironed with thofe ^>'"i - ^'
Cities which challenged him for theirs.

Their facrifices were fodiuerfified in their kinds, that P^««>-'' faith. They had fixe ^'Pcucjeoi-

hundredthrecfcorc and fix fcuerall forts of them: fome they h^d peculiar to {peciaJI "'"''J; 'f ^f""

.jOfin.Bftfir . .

tothecounfeller) thereby to appeafeangrie Nilus, that in nine yearcs had not oucr- ^T^njlcfqueBii'
flowed. They offered eucry day three men at Heliopolis, in ftcad of which bloudie ''^'""'''^•^'
Rites ^w<i/i> after fubflituted fo many waxen Images.

Thus were their gods bea(tly, their factifices inhumanc.or humane rather too much*
Other things they obfcrued of their o wne inuention, framing to them felues deformed
and compounded fhapcs,whol'c Images they adored. Such were their Cunepi, fwad-
led as it were in clouts (fo fefembling Ortu) with heads of Dogges or other ci catuics,
OjJris 1 is fometime fcene withthchcad of a Hauke, JJis with the head of a Lion,tx^- ] Tab. Ifiict
w^walway withthehcadof aDog, and contratiwilebeafts pictured with the heads nem'ui, in /E-
of OfiTu and Ifls : monffrous mifhapen figures, or mifhapen mondrous myfierics. OT'" Cankipi-^

They borrowed of the lewes ab'ftincnce from Swines-flcfli and circiimcition of '"> sopcTOct-
thcir males, to which they added excifion cf their females,ftill obfciucd of the Chri- ^tcll&c"'&M'
ftians in thofe parts. T^ftfi^*r<r;tcrlifieth "" thatT^ft^^ger^receiued circumcifion oC fiea. i^anc ei;-
{he Eoytians, which they rccciued of theHebrewes. Ambrofe^ alfirmeth,th3t theE- coxtnriiefupcr-
gyptians circumcifcdboth fcxes at the age of fourteen years (as the Ifmaelitcs at thir- fl'^'twunquam
tecnc)becaufc that then the lufts of copulation beginne to burne; which reafon tea- '"J^^j"/"^^!^'
cheth, to need circumcifion ; and therefore (it fcemcth) they v fed it in thofe parts that i^cnt &eata-
arc the feats and inftiumcnts of luft: and not either in regard of originall corruption, menfeaMuunt.
orthepromifed feed, which were hidden myftcries to their myliicallfuperftitions. It is Atkanaf.cont.
liketheDiuell would thus prophane this Diuine Sacrament ot circumcifion, as at this Gent.iiimlu-
day in the Heathen Nations abountCongo,& in lucatan in America before the Spani - '^^^^*^ f*^"" "
ards came thcrc.Tlicy fo abhor Swine, ° that if one by the way touch them,he prefent- „^;^^ irfr.
ly waflicth himl'elf & his garments.Neither may a Swincheard haue accctle into their m Tbced.Ser.r,
Temples, or marrie with their daughters.Yet do they offer Swine to the Moon flc "Bac- n Am.deAbra"
chm (Ifts & Ojtris) when the Moon is at full. In this facrifice tViey burne the taile,mi!c '^^'^.'^-f-^'^
and leafe : & (which on another day would be piacular)on that day of the full they eat g' " *"^' '^**
the reft. ty£ltan p giucth this reafon oftheirhatredof Swine, becaufeit is a gkitto- ^jf'ijc]},^!^
nous bealf.notfparing the flcfli neither of their owneyonp„norohnen : as on the con-^c
tiary they vvotfliip the Scorkc for hcrpicty in nourifhing her aged parcnts(that I fpeak

D d d 3 libt

578 Of the Egyptian TrieUsJSenSjSacrifices,Feasis,zsrc,CiiAp,^,

m f^a'

A Drutde J.

o yo.BoemJib.i,




not of their wed-lockechaflitic, for br-cach whereof, ^y*////^ m tells from the relation
of an eye-witneffe, that in a wood nccrc to Spire in Germanic, the male complaining
toacongregationof StorkeSjCaufcdthemtoteare hismakcinpceces). The Ecypti-
tians alfo had a conceit, that Swincs milke would breed the Leprofie :'and that Swine
were bcafts odious to the Sunne and Moonc. He citcth out of Eudoxus tliat they fpa-
red them,for treading their feed into the ground, which was their harrowing and til-
lage, when Nilus had newly left the foftned earth, to fend thefc labourers, their Kinc
and Swine to treade in the mirie earth the come which they fowed therein. The Egyp-
tians " fwarebytheheadof their King, which oath, whofoeuer violated, lofl his life
forthefame, without any redemption.

The Priefts in old time renowned for their learning, in Straboes time were ignorant
andvnlcamcd. No woman" might beare Pricftlyfunftion. Thefc Priefts might'noc
cate cgges, milkc, or oyle (except with fallads) they might not falutc Marriners, not
lookevpon their children or kinsfolkes. They p wafhcd thcmfelues in the day-time
thrice, and in the night twice : they were fliauen, ware linnen garments alwaycs new
wafhed , were daily allowed facred meats. 1 Of their ancient Pricfls^ thus Dh BariM
fingeth in Sj/uefiers tunc j

The Afemphian PrieBs were deefe Phi/ofophers,
tyiud curwM g^z^ers on the facred Starr es ,
Searchers of K(ature, and great Mathemattckes^
Ere any letter k»ew the ancient 'fl Attiskes.

Their Magick skill appeared in laKKtt and Iambres,v^\\\c\\ withftood Mofes, and in
HermesiQi\\mon\t of himfelfe, 'K.Salomon on ^.vtf^^.S. writeth that Pharao faid to Me.
fes and AAron^Doejiou bring flrawtnto O^hraim a CitiefHllofflrAW ? anddotye brtngin-
chantments into Egypt vhichabottndetfj t herewith .' Pofielliudeviucth the Egyptian and
Orientall Sciences from Abraham,io whom he dareth to attribute their diuinations by
the Aire, Water, Fire, Earth,Birds : and alleageth 'P^mbuws authoritic,That the grea-
teft part of the Alcoran is taken out of the Egyptian learning; and faith that Afopand
Salomon ftudied the fame, and expounded in Scripture what ^Abraham had taught
them: to which alfo hce afcribeththelewifh Exorcifrrres in carting out Diuels. But
fome Diucll, I thinke hath taught him fo to commend thefc diuellifh Arts, as he doth
no leflb the Alcoran, and the Icwes Cabala, calling them an excellent appendix to Me-
/f/jand both of I know not what magicall facultie,firft infufcd into Adam in the puri-
tie of his Creation, and taught by the Angell fi^j:./?/, by him deliuered in vetbaJl tra-
dition, written firfibyHf«o<:A,thebookes whereof /V^w^o^flole from A/'o<?^; which
Abraham might learnc either in that Chaldean Nation, or frem Mclchifcdab. But
let vs obferue thefc Priefls further.

When they facrificcd.they made choice of their beafts by certaine religious marks:
(a Cow they might not facrifice,as confecrated vnto //;j:}thcy kindled a hre,& fprink-
hng water ouer the facrifice, with inuocation of their god killed it, cut off the head,
whicheitherthey foIdtothcGrecians, ifthey would buy it, orcaftic into the Riucr
with imprecation, that w hat!ocuer euil was imminent to them or their country,might
be turned vpon that head.This ceremony ■• fcems to haue come to them from the lews.
And they banc bin as liberal of their rites fincc the Catholikcs(for fo they wil be called)
yAkx.ab Alex. ^^ appearcth both by this relation.and by the teftimony,not only ofMorefinw ^ a Pro-
z,'. ' teftant.hut Maginw,^ Peltdorus,Boemus & Beroaldus, Popifh writcrs,aIthough daubed
Ith.Lis qui fiiper oucr with new myftical fignifications,as in Bellarmine and other the purcft Catholikes
Egy^tiacj. flw.-a is feene. Their Prielrs " were their Iudgcs,the eldeftof which was chiefe in pronoun-
er^c co/i]ltiiuiii- cifig fentence.He wore^ about his necke a Saphire jewel, with the Imageof T R vt h
Hlrodfi'' ^ 'therein ingrauen. The Priefts y of//x,bcfidcs their fhauings and linnen garments.had
faith that' they P^per- fliooes ; on their heads, Anttbis ; in their hands a Tinibrell, or a branch of Sea-
h.id34t.Pni:fts w'ormewood,or a Pinc-apple.They had one chiefc Prieft,or Primate of Egypt, as ap-
and as many pearcth ^ by lofephus and Heliodoms^who maketh Thjamis to fucceed his father Cala.

Kingsbeforc /Vrw in this high Pricft- hood at Memphis. yl-Z./'j^tr^joalfo cnioyed this Pontificall Hie-
his time. -^ o f J


r Giamma.Af.

{ Morefm.Dep.


tAfigmi.Ptal. irtuento-


Beiod.ln Afii-


u Dfaiidliis in




C H A P 4 • AFRICA. The ftxt 'Booke. 579

rar<hic,as appcareth by his Epiftlc to PtoUmem, which after fhall follow. Philofi'ratHs
* fpcaketh ofGymnofophifts, which fomc afcribe to India ; Heliodorns to t^thiopia ; a PluhftJc vii,
he to t/£thiopia and Egypt. Tliefc.laith he,<l welt abroad without houfc, on a hill a lit.- '^H^'^-^-'-j.
jjeofFthcbankcsofNilus, where grew a Grouc, in which they held their Gencrall
Affemblies, to confiilt of publike affaires, bailing othcrwife their ftudics and facrificcs
apart, each by himleirc. Thcfpejion was the chicte of this Monkifli Colledgc,when A-
M//tf»;«/aftcrhis vilitation of the Babylonian y^<»^/, and Indian Braehmanes, b came b Domkiatit
thither. Thcfe held the immorralitieoftbcSoulc, and accounted ■>(//»/ for a god. Ifa impo-atore.
man at Memphis had by chancc-racdiy killed a man, he was exiled till thofeGymno-
fophifts abfolucd him. }.

Hercules Temple at Canopus was priuiledged with Sancftoaric, to giuc immunitie
to fugitiiies, and malefactors : thus elfewhcre Ofiris; y;pollo,\ti Synz;Dtaiia, atEnhc-
fus ; eucry Cardinalls houfe (faith ' a Pope) in Rome ; Saint Tettr, d at Wertminftcr; ? ^'V' »- ^/f'««
and other Popifli Oratories, priuiledged dens of thccues. ^ I'olyir.lib,^.

Their FeaHs were many : of which, < Hcrodo[us]:eckox\ci\\ one at Bubaftis, in ho- c HaodM.z.
not ofDiam. To this place the men and women, at this tcftiuall folemnicie, failed ia
great multitudes, with Minftrclfie and fhoucings; and as they came to any Citieon
the waters fide, they went on fhore, and the women, fome danced, forre played, fome
made a brawle with the women of the place : and thus reforting to Bubartis, they
there offered gi-catfacrificcs, fpcndi.ig in this Fcaft more Wine, then in all the ycare
bcfidcs. Hither reforted of men and women, befidcs children, feuen hundred thoii-
fand. In Buhris was folcmnized the Feaft of //7x, in which, after the facrifice, many
thout'ands beat themfelucs : but with what they did beat themfclues, was not lawfuii
to relate. The Carians that inhabited Egypt, did alfo cut their fotheads with fwords,
fignifying thereby, that they were forciners. ThisCrcie wasinthemiddeltof the E-
gyptian'Z>i.Vf»j, and in it, a very great Temple of//)/. A third F^aft was at Sai,in honor
of Mi»cr»i4, where aflembling, by night they lighted candles full of fjlt and oyle, and
therewith went about the walls of the Citic : Tnis folemnicie was called f Light-hnr. ^ M^vefjietl
ntng, or if you will, CandlemafTe. This night they which came not hither, yet obfer-
ued the fetting vp of lights throughout Egypt. Afounh wasatHeliopolis. in honor
oftheSunnc. AfiftatButus,of Z,4f««;«,whereinon!y facrificingwasvfed. AtPapre-
inus was obfctued the folemnitie ofMars^v^hh facriiices, but till Sun-fet,onely a few
Pricfts were bufied about the Image : a greater number of them flood before the dorcs
of the Temple with wooddcn clubbes, and ouer-againfl thcni abouc a thoufatid men
that payed their vowes,e3ch with clubs in their hands,who the day before carried the
Image out of a gilded Chappell of Timber into another facred roo;ne.:thofe few which
yieic chofcn for the Idol-feruice, drawing a Wagon with fourc wheelcs, on which the
Chappell and Image were carried. Thofe thatfiood at the Porch, forbad thefc to en-
ter; but the Votaries, to hclpe their god, beat and diauc them backe. Heerc began a
great club-fray, in which many were wounded, and many (although the Egyptians
concealed it) died of the wounds. The caufc(forfooth) was,becaurehceie was fhri-
ned the mother of Mars, to whom her fonne, at ripe age, rcfoi ted to haue lien with,
but was repelled by her feruants : whereupon, he procuring hclpe elfewhcre, wis re-
ucngedof them. Hence grew that folemnitie.

Onthefeucnthdayofthemoncth7)'^/g(whichanfwereihtoour/<*»«^>7and De- g Nofpk. de
ccmber) was folemnifed the comming of ](iso\it of Phoenicia ; in which many things ^^^."^.7.
were done in dcfpite of Tyfhon. The Coptiies then hurled do wne an Alfe from a fleepc
place, and abiifcdruddie men for this caufe. They had ^ alfo, in their Bacchanallfo- h Plut.dtOf,
lemnities, molt filthic Rites, in which being drunken, they carried Images of a cubite
length, with the priu'c member of a mondrousfize, with Muficke,accompanied with
the elder Matrons. This yard, whichthey called P/j^/^w/, was vfually made of Figge-
tree. Herodotus * faith.Thatbefides thcirSwine-Feaft they obferued anotherto Hac ' Lib.x,
cbus, vvithout Swine, in like fort as theGrecians : in which,they had cubitall Imaces
made of (incwes, or as Cmltus ' readcth it, made to be dra wne to and fro with linewes ' ''*''• ^^'dj.^,
or firings, carried by women. In the nioneth7'^e;/;i (which mofl-what agrecth to "^■'■7'
SeptemhrJ iheninccccnihday-'^ was holy to c?Wfr<r«>_;,!n which they dideatc Honie k>&;, ibid.

D' d d 3 and

5 8o Of the ^^pt'tan frieUsJSeSis ^Sacrifices jfeafls,z!rC'CHAP,^-

1 tioffxaf. »7-

m M.F.OOav,
Arnob. conin

n Vntet m An-
«»t. *i Au^. de

cap. 17.

yid, ante lib. z,


o De Ofn\

p Ttuctr. de
Vi. CM.ftlg.i,

q Acbil.Stat.


f v'lt.

and Figs, faying with3ll,7'r«fi/iry»',fff. On the ninth day of this month they obfer-
tied another Feaft. wherein cuery man before his doore did cat rofted fifli : the Pricfts
did notcatjbutburncthc famc.Before was mentioned the fceking of O/rw. This was
an Egyptian Feaft obfcrued in the month Athjr ( which anfwcreth fomcwhac to Nt.
Memker) from the fcuentccnth day (in which they imagined thnt Ofiris pcriflicd) foure
daycs were fpcnt in mourning : the caufcs were foure ; Nilus flaking.thc Windes then
blowing, the Dayes fhortcning,the Winter approaching. HeercistheMyftery vn-
folded. Onthcninetecnthdayihcy vvcntbynighttotheSea, and bronght forth a fa-
cred Chctt, in which was a golden Boxc, into which they po wred water, and made a
ftiout. That OfirisyoM found. Then they mingled the Earth with Water, adding Spi-
ces and coftly Perfumes, and made an Image of the Moone, applying thefe iriyfti-
call Rites to the nature of the Earth and Water. About the Winter SoKtice they carri-
ed a Cow fcucn times about theTemplci,in remembrance of the Sunncs circuit, which
in the feuenth month would be in the Summer Solftice.

The original! of //?/ feekingO/Jrtf, is before fhewed. Some make Typ/^?** the huf-
bandof7/j, which flew 0/5r» her fonnc, or brother (as diuersdiuerflyeftcemehini)
for Inceft committed with hcr,and cut him in pecces. ^fiubu her Hunti:i!an,by helpc
of his doggcs,found out the pecces againe.This (faith Mmutim ■" Felix) is rtfcmbied
eucry ycare, Ncc dejinunt atinu ivxmiits veJperdere ijt4od itjueniunt vetinuenire anodptr.
duHt. Hac t/£gyftfAcjtto»dam untie &facra Romanafitnt, Truely the Playes of Chrift

his CrucifyingandRcfurredtion.whichisobferued mall Churches of the Roman Re-
ligion yearely, might fccmc to hauc had this Egyptian otiginall. Once, hiuexexpur.
gAtarhu hath cut out Fiues Tongue, where he fpeaketh againft them, as " before vpon
like occafion is noted.This Feaft is alio mentioned by IuUm Ftrmicm and others.

They had another Feaft called Pamylia, of Pamjfle the Nurfe of Ojirisywho goin" to
fetch water, heard a voice, bidding hcrprodaime. That a great Kmg and Benctador
w'as borne. On this holy-day was earned in Proceflion an Image with three ftones,
or (as FlutAYch ° faith) with a threefold yard, in which beaftly Kite he findcth a foo-
lifli my ftcrie, not worth the telling. But 1 thinke this Feaft ofFeaBs hath glutted eue-
rieman. *

TheEgyptianshad many Oracles of //<rf«/lr/,y^p//*,/I/fwr«<»,D/W»4,yl^;!r/,/»;>;.
/«•. and others. The Oracle of £<»f(»»«i at Butys P told ^4»w^j/r/, That he rtiould die at
Ecbatana, whereby he fccuredhimfeife for Syria.and yet there died,in an obfcure Vil-
lage of that name, whereas he had interpreted it of the great Citie in Media. Their J-
p;> and 5<r^/;i/wcrcaIfocftcemed Oracles. t/^«»«^<f/was dcceiucd by the Oracle of
^fr<»p«,tcllingbimof hisdeath,wh;chheconftruedofLibya,andfelloutinaplaccof
the fame name in Bithy nia. At Pelufium, if we may bcleeue Achilles Stattus q, was the
Temple, Image, and Oracle odupiter Cmfstm : and by an Oraclc,hc maketh Leacippe
a Virgin to be appointed for facrificc. At Memphis a Cow,at Hehopolis the Bull Affie^i
His. it Arfinoe the Crocodiles were their Oracles. But ic were too tedious to relate the
rcft.Thatthe elder Romans entertained thefe damnableEgyptian holies, appcarcth by
thcTemples,Ch3ppeIs,Street!> Goines, dedicated vnto IJis,Serapis,&.c. mentioned by
Onufhfim, ^ftntis,ViU:or,Tahrtctu4,ApixttHs,ATnantifu,2ud other Writers of Roman
antiquities. Of //</ and 5?r<?^M were certainepublike places in Rome, named Iftutit
and Serapettnt. lofcphtu r relateth of one /*»?«/<»<«, a Noble woman of Rome,marricd
to 54f»r«/>;«/.deuoted tothefupcrftition of //Tx.whom 'Decius Adundus had follicited
invaine to difhoneftic, notwithftandingiheofferof two hundred thoufaiid Drach-
ma: (which comes to fine thoufand (ix hundred and twenty fine pound) for one night :
but witha quarterof that fumnic hee cnrruptedthePrieftsofJT'V. one of which told
P^k/;»<? that the god y^««^»/ inflamed with her louc, had fent for her, which mcfiagc
■was welcome to her, and to her husband not diftaftfull. Thus y^/Wwvndcr pretext of
^w/^;/, obtaining a nights logding, meeting her three daies after, merily iefted at her
for faui ig his mony,but not h^r honeftic : whereupon T/^^riWhaniflicd him,crucified
the P. lelts.and rafed the Temple,commanding the Image of Ifis to be caft into Tiber.
But ihefe lupcrftitions were rcuiued foonc after, FiteBiMs ' the Emperour not re-
f^iliiig 10 wearc ^ hnnen religious garment openly in her f^lcn-.nitie. Vefpafia*


Chap.4- AFRICA.

The/ixt 'Booke'.


alfo honored thcm,and Domitian in the religious habitc oiJfts conucyed himfelfc vn-
knownc from VitelltHs and his perfccutors.

Somewhat of the Egyptian inucntions. Hubbandile » by fomc is afcribed to them,
b\ufit\(e]y,-4ilam,Cain, ATW;, and others were in this before them. Alironomiealfo
'«i;ct their inucntion, but ''taught them by ^iraham. Geometries ismoreliketo be
theirSjdriuen tofcckeout this Art by Nylus ouctflowing. Idolatrie to the Starres
was firfl here pradifcd (faith LaEiantif<s)\or\y\n% on the roofcs of their houfe; (as yet
they doej without any other Canopic then the Azure skie^firft they beheld, then rtu-
died, laftiy adored them. Gaudenttus Brixitfifts '^ 2^\>\ytt\\ the dettroying of the E-
gyptianfirft-borne.tothcpcrifhingofldolatrie through thelightofthe Gofpell: the
Egyptians (faith he) being the firfl, which worHiippcd ihc Images of deed men.

Maoicke is alfo afcribed to them ; of whofe timely profeflors lannes and lamhrfs
are an inftance. Phyficke is fett bed alfo from hence ; and Writing, both after the vul-
gar alfo that of the Priefts,HierogIyfic3ll,whercof Hcrepa/h an Egyptian, Pie-
riftsfioreptwMCiics MereerUt and Hoefehe/ius, wiih others, haue written. tyEltami
* accounteth A/ercurieihc firftinuenter of their lawcs.The women in Egypt did per-
forme the offices which belonged to the men. buying, felling, and ochcr bufincfTe a-
broad; the men fpinning and performing houfhold-taske. CA«<iD«>'f(fhathexpref-
fcd (befides a Difcourle of their Region and learning) two Egyptian Alphabets, if any
delire to fee the forme of their Letters : which s fomethinke that the Phenicians bor-
rowed from Egypr,and lent by Cadmtis to the Gricians. But I am not of their mind.
This Elogie or commendation is giucn them by Maruitl;

T^tlucif prmumpaer hie nttfcAtur in oritt

From Egypt (furc) the boyes birth may proccede.
For nolacdelfefuchknauerie can breed.

And PrppertiHJ:

Noxia AUxundria dolis apt'Jftma tellas.

The place where Alexandria doth fland.
Is noyfome,and a Connie-catching land.

We may her? idd'e out of Ttanius Vopifeus ^ a teftimonic of the qualities of the E-
gyptians. Theyarc (far.hhe)incon(hnt,furious,braggarts,iniurious ; alfo
ceniious,delirousofnoucltics,euen vnto common Songs and Ballads, Verfifiers,Epi-
grammatifts, Mathematicians, Wifards.Phyficians both for Chriffians and Samari-
tans ; and al way things prefcnt,with an vnbridlcd iibertie, are diflaflefull to them. He
bringeth alfo,for witnclTe of this a{rcrtion,e^/i«/ Adria*ins,v^}^o in an Epiftlc to Ser-
t/Mwwj.affirmcth thus: I haue learned all Egypt to be light, waucring.and turning with
euery blart of fame. They which worfhip Strapis^ixz Chriftians^and eucn they which
call themfcluesBirtiopsof Chrift are deuotedto Serapis. NoRuler is thereof the le-
wifli Synagogue, no Samaritan No Chnftian Pricft , which is not a Mathematician, a
Wizard,a Chirurgion (or annointer of Champions.) This kinde of men is moll fediti-
ous,mofl V3ine,m6ft iniurious : theCitie(Alexandria) rich, wealthy .fruitful!, in nhich
none liues idle. Gowtie men haue fomewhat to do,blinde men haue fomewhat to do,
or haue fomewhat which they may make ; nor are the gowtie fingered idlc.They haue
one God ; him doe the Chriftians.him doe the le wes.him doe they all w orfliip, I wifli
them nothing e!fe, but that they may be fedde with their owncPullen,whic!i how
theymakcfruitfuIl,lamafhamtdto tell. "thMsmuchAdrMKHs.

The PuUen he fpeaketh feem<th,arc fuch, as euen to this day they vie to hatch
(notvndcr the Henne,but} in Furnaces of dung ' and afhes , wherein thoufands of
Egges are layd for that purpofc. That which he fpeaketh of the Chriflians, iseyther
offome Herctickesjor luke- warmcTimc-ferucrs to be vnderftood ; or clfe remember,
that it was tAduAtiykti Ethnikc,whofcinteliigencc wis from fuch as himfclfe in thofe


a laiir.Corv.,
b Ufnr.l l.t.8.
c Dnm.liig,
Alih.Com. 5 ,
Clem. Siro/s.
I i.Bs(in\>nn-
dm.l.i.AThe- mttudo

d C.B.'uitxed.

e i I4.;4.
f DeiOrig.dct

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 114 of 181)