Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 115 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 115 of 181)
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j.adu ful,'^
Uliai Cict,

h FUu. l''of.fc
TrcbcUm P»l!h
like in his Tri-
gifita Tjranm.

i Tmbcdla
bookc delcri-
bech chis m

582 Of the yE^yptian TrieUsySei^s ^Sacrifices ^FeaslSji7C.C u a,p.^.

times hating the Chriftians ; of whom, through blindc icalc of their Idolatric, what

did they ? What did they not faine and deuifc ? Eucn more odious thea here is expref*

fed,as EcclcfiaflicaU Hi(tories fhew. The lewes had giucn <i/idrntii caufe , by their

Trcafons to hate them, and flatterers opportunitie to bcIic them. Let him thatjoues

mc,tcll my tale. But amanwould maruell to hearee/^^mw blame the Egyptians fo

much for thatiforwhichhimfeife in Authors is to much blamed; namely, Superftiti-

on and Sorccrie. For he made Images oi Anttnous, which he crcded almolt in all the

]s Diom Nicdi vvorld/aith >« Dww. This ^wf««#«/ was in high cfiimation with him (fomc thinkehit

'^^''' minion r) He died in Egypt, eythcr drowned in Nilus,asyii!/rM»wnteth,or(whichis

the truthj was facrificed. For whereas Adrian was exceeding curious, and addicted to

Diuinations and Magicall Artes of all kinds ( in the heliilli rites whereof was required

the foule of fueh a one as would die voluntarily) Antinous rcfufed it not, and therefore

was thus honoured,and had a Citie m Egypt newly repaired from the ruincs , and de-

1 Mm Smti- <l'cated in his name. Yea.hereporrcd' he fawa new ftarre, which (forfooth) waithc

MiiitttAAnano. ioM\coit\\\s Antinotts. ThcGreekes made a God of him, and a giucr of Oracles;

whereof PrademiMj Cmgeih :

^;id loquar iyint'inoum c^lejlifcde locatarXif^'e.

Vtuient.cont. Adriamt^ dei Ga>UKiede;7U .

Symmubum l.U Curngjuo ifi Tem^lu viu exaudire Marito ?

(^iHjf'm Mar, Antiieum ejui mod» fxiitit^oninesmetn coaUijtro df« co[ere,cum ^ [jMiiyC^Z/nde ejfet,

Apot.i. fcirent. He caufed money to be coined with the pi6"liirc of the Temple of Ait ineur

*" 'i-Tr^'^a • ^vhich.s/^^rM« had crcded, and a Crocodile vndcr n.Ch'eui"' expreflcth diucrs forms
tich^ ' * ofthefc Antinoan Coincs, and one with inftription of tM/trcelluj j ihc*Pricftof


n Am. Mm, Amn^iauHi Marcel/inuj'^ ifa'iheth to the Egyptians 3 contentious humour, ad-

b'n' »)!?» dieted to lawing and c^\iixrz\U,Ajfiietadi»ej>crj)lextm fttigatidifemftrl£ttfsir>iut»,ii\\tn

LacedLiMpud Vanitieand fuperHition may further appeare by that which THophantejo rccordcthof

Stucl(iu/n dcfa- one SyrofkaKei,z rich Egyptian ; who doting on his fonnc yet liuing, dedicated an I-

crii. mage in his houfe vnto him, to which the fcruant s at any time, when they had difplca-

fed their Mafter,betooke thcmfelucs, adorning the fame with Flowers and Garlands,

oCalluiKhodi". ^o rccoucring their Mafters fauour. Some "makethe Egyptians firlt inucntersof

uawnuman- Wine (which.thcy fay,wasfirft madein the EgypnanCi:iePlinthis)andofBcerc,to

tiq.l 1 6.3. which end they HrH made Mauk of Barley .for fuch places 3» waifted Grapes. When a

man proucd more in fliew then in fubHancc (as hypocrites , whom the Truth it felfc

callethWhitedTombes)thc proucrbeteaimed him an Egyptian TempJe, becaule

thofe buildmgs were fumptuous and magnificent for matter and forme to the view,

but the Dcitic therein worfhipped,was a Cat,Dogge,or fuch other contemptible ere.

p P»ljfb.Hi^. aturc.ThcnaturallfuriePandcrucltievfedamongltthc Egyptians, hath made thcin

/.iMTji. infamous arnongAuthorSjbothProphane and Diuine.hnd Stffhanus Bji^antinusdhh

Bxod.i.&c. j}^2j jj^gy which pracflifed clofc, iubtilc, crafcie, coufenages were faid Aiyv-nliJi^tiif, to

flay the Egyptians : t^EJchylus alio the Grceke Poet makes ihcm Mint-matlers herein :

and perhaps thofe rogues which wander ouer fomany countrics,andliae by their wits

and thefts, were therefore called Egyptians.

But leaft I alfo fhould impofc too crucll a taske on my more willing Readers, I will
proceed to other obfcruations. Ihaue hecreinthis Egyptian Relation of their Rites,
Manners,andMyftcrics,becne the larger, both bccaufc Authors are herein plentiful!,
and efpecially becaufe Egypt hath beenc an oidc (iorcr and treafiirer ot thcfe my fticall
Rites for that later vpftart,the MjUicallBi^bylon^m the Weft ; which, as fhe is ipiritu-
«' ^I'y called Sodome and Egypt,{o ^hkc that ftrumpet mentioned by s Salomon, hath not
Silntlcdccksdhir l^edrvith the Or»ame«ts,Ctjrpets^a»d Lace < of Egypt. Wifer were the
J Dm.eaJf.l.<A Romanes ■• of oldc.which made diuerslawcs to expell the Egyptian Rites out of their
CitiCjWhith the later Popes entertaine.


Ch-ap.5- AFRICA. The/lxt'Booke: 58^

Chap. V.

of the mstnifolde alter atiom of State ifid Religion in t.^gypt hy the Terfians,

GriiCtans,Romans, cimliians^Saracens^ and Turkes : wtlhthe

t/§gjptim chronologie^fncethe beginning of

that NAtton till our Times.

*^:fi'!?^P^j:^Heh{{'EgyrtitTiPharaovJ3sPffif»me>iitus, vanquifhed by Cam^-ffes,
^"~ fonncotCyrwihc Pcrfian , who quite cxtiiiguiflicd that Egyptian

Goucrncmcnt and much cclipfed their fupcrftitious folemnitics. For
f Crf»»^^/« proclaimed defiance, not to the perfons onely of the Egyp- (KcyodJ.i,
tiansbiit to their Gods alfo : yea, he fet their facred Beafls in the fore-
front ofhisbattell.that being thus fliieldcd by their owne deuotion,
he might eafily ruinate the Kingdomc. Such a difaduantage is Supcrftition to her
follovversjbeing indeed but a life lefTc carkafle of true Religion, which alway brecd-
eth true Fortitude; as T^s/fWf^ and the Romans v^td the like ftiatageme againft the
Icvves on their Sabbath,which(in it felfe a diuine Commandement) they confirued to
a fuperftitioiis Reft,a 5<»<:r//3Ci? without A/«rr;?,wherinthey might helpctheirbealis,
but fufFerthemfelucs,likc beafts,tobe/^(^^i?ro the jlatighter,

C<jw^/irjh3uing pulled downe their Temples in Egypt , intended ^ as much to the ^ luQinli
Oracle of/;«/'//«'-4»»w«.7, in which exploit he employed fiftie thoufand iren, which
(asthe Ammonians report) were ouer-whelmed with a tempcft of Sand.Other newes
ofthcm was neuer heard. Himfelfe meane-whiie, meanely prouidcd of viduall for
fiich an cincrptife,made an Expedition againft the AEthiopians ; in which,Famine ma-
king her felfe Purucyor for the Armie.fcdde them with the flefli of each other ; eucry
tenth man being allotted to this bloudie feruice. Thus with a double difcomfiture
altogether dilcomforted, he retireth to Memphis, where hec found them obfcruing
thcrrfeftiuallfolemniticoftheNew-found e-^p//, and interpreting this icy to haue
proceeded from his lofle,hc flew the Magiftr3te$,w hipped the Prierts, commanded to
kill the Citizens that were found feafting.and wounded their ^/>a- with his fvvord,vn-
todeath, Kepraftifednolefiehoftilitie vpon their Obcliskes, Sepulchres, and Tem-
ples: The Sepulchres they cfteemed Sacred, as their eternall Habitations: (and no
greater fecurity could any Egyptian giuevnto his Creditor , then the dead bodies of
their Parents.)

The "Tcmples.cucry where accounted holy, here were many, and thofemagnifi- u Str.ib.l.n,
cent. AtMemphisthey h3dtheTemplesof.i>>,^p»^,'L'e»«/,andthcmoltancient tiercribcth the
ofthcm aII,of^«/<:<i»,with the Pigmey-Image o{ Vulcau'in it, which C^w^j/>j deri- "'^'"^° '^"^^^
ded : ofSerapis at Canopi!S,where Pilgrims by dreames receiucd Oracles : at Heracli-
um,Sai,andButis,toI.^fo«<?; at MendcstoP<«»; atMomemphis to/'^f«»/; at Nccro-
poliSiNicopoliN.and otherplaccstootherfuppofed Deities. Caxbyjls alfoburnedthc
Images oftheCabyrians.and the Templeof^»«i5<^ at Hc]:opolis, whofe ftately buil-
ding and Ipacious circuit Strnha defcnbcthas Iikcwife at Thebes.

They write, That after, as he was t3kmgHorfe,hisfword, falling out of the Scab-
herd, woundedhiminthethigh(wherehe before had wonnAtAApis) and flew him. y.Thucid.l.i.
" In the time while the Perfians enioyed Egypt, the Athenians, by inftigation oHna.
THs King of Libya, inuadcd Egypt, woiine Nilus and Memphis : but after lixc yeares

Of/j«/,one of his fuccefibrs (called of the Egyptians, yf//^) killed their Jpis, ind ^tluinvio\hi^,
placed an Affe in his roome, which kindled fuch indignation m "BugoAi an Egyptian, '^''.S-
(oneofhisEunuches)thathemurthered Oc/j»^,whom he hurled to be rent and torne
ofCats, that this beaft, facred to //T/.iTfightrcucnge the indignitie offered to -^4'^//. But
this eclipfe of the Egyptian fuperrtition , cauledby this Periian interpofition, had an
end.together with that Monarchic. For Atexandsr i did not onely leaue them to their y C"«'''.'.4«
xvonted Rites,hitTifclfc ■^ facrificing to their Apts^und folcmnizing Games in his honor, "^"i"/ }'.
but added further glory to their Countrcy, by crc(5iion of that famous Citie^named of xheai.T.SM.


584 Of the manifold Alter aUom of State and 'J{elipGtiyi7'c.C H a p. 5.

a See
b Lfdpt.Emb.

c Hcrodhnlf.
i Ligidarum
sm-periitm & re-
gam ftnes:Str a.


Idm l,\(.


iSrer. defend.



k Am-Marctl.
l.ii Vienyf,
faith as much
01 more.
I/ttey Scrnp'tdU
vimmn apud
A'cxtind. Vet!/'
ht(p'itih.necfx ■
P'i^fq:iiim Afi.t
le^elkrmt. I'j..'-

himfelfc Alexandria ^(whereas rome,'>thinke the Gitie No had before flood dc-
ftroyedby 'V<j^//c6o^e«o/»r j fecond in reputation to Romc,ihe<^ receptacle of lewifh
Grecian, and ix£gyptian Religions, adorned with his enany Temples andPallaces
Sncce{{oiS^P tolemxw Lagi(oi\Nhom the following Kings were all called Ptolemtiini
^ Litgidx) rkiUdelphH4,£Ktrgetes, Philopator, Eptfhanes , PhtUmaror, Euer^eus the
hcond phjfcon, Latbtr^, ^uletes thchxhet of CUapatra , whom Jn/tus C<t/ir made
Queene oftx£gypt (the price of her honertie) and ^nthtniehls wife, whom, tooethcr
with her fclfe, her ambition ouerthiew, addingto the grcatncfic of Alexandria. P/n.
toes Philofophie was not only firft borrowed of the t^'gyptians, but waspublikely
read at Alexandria as well as at Athens: which continued many ages. Sixe hundred
yeares after his death Ammtmtu lurnamed (of his former occupation being a Porter)
Sacciu feemed to haue lighted on the bookes of Hermes, and thence learned the Do-
(ftrineoftheTrinitieiofwhom hisDifciplcs/'/i*//««/and ty4 urehfu mnc , and after
them their Schollers PorphyrteanATheodnrns yijinjtiu ; and their Auditours7,<»?^A.
chnf and Syrianus; to this lafi lliccecdcd at Athens Trodus , Lycim, and after him the
Jaftofthegreateft ^/'•'■ow/^wS^w^j'i-;;*^ : which haue written many thinges of the
three bcgirsnings. *

The fameAmmonius with like philofophicall happinefle found the Oracles of .?»-
rtaHir, which the two /«/w«c the father and fonne, Chaldeans, tranflated out of
their tongue into Grceke, in the time o{M. Aure/stu the philofophcr. Pphagonu had
before learned it oiZabrdtiu in Aflyria : which it feemcth Plato heard of the younger
.^rc^r^^ and difperfedclofely the feedes thereof in his Bookes, fothac the clderin-
teipreters conceiuedhim not till the time of this Ammonias thePorter, from whom
here (as from Socrates a Statuarie in Athens) flowed this Diuine wifedome. He tauoht
at Alexandria in the daycs of C/f«2ir«/^/ir.v4«</r;»«* about two hundred yeares after
Chrift, Ortgen was his hearer, lamlflicht^s comprehended thefe Oracles of ZoteaSier
in 30, Bookes or thereabouts: for D^mafchts citcth the 28.

The wealth of the Ptclomtes e raigning in vEgypt appearcth by SiTAboes report of
y^«/f/whisrctienewestobectweluc thoufand hue hundred Talents, whichyetwait
counted diflolute and vnthriftie. This by M^ ^r^r^wW f is fummed two millions
three hundred fortie three thoufand and feuen bundfcd a^ndfiftie pounds of our mony;
Whereas the rcuenues oi Daritu Hrftap fii (accouniedihird man) is by HerodotM
reckoned fourtcenththoufandfiue hundred and fixtieEuboikc Talents , which makes
iSzoooo. a great dealc leflc fumme, from that greater Empirr. But they had other
impronemcnts. Alexander s is faid to fpcnd more then this on Hei(heJhons funerall , by
fiftie fine thoufand pounds. Yea the Roman rcuenues are by Plutarch h fummcd at
85oaMyriades, which in our monie is two millions, fixe hui>drcd hftie fixe thou-
fand, and two hundred and fifcic pounds, not hugely exceeding the exfgyptian.

As for the dcuotion there ' pracftifed, wee may rcadc m Ruffintu of the Temple and
Image oi-'.Sir^pwin his time dcltroyed by ThiopiiUus , fucceflour to Ath^.naJius,Bi'
fliop of Alexandria. This Temple was borne vp with Vault- worke, with great lights
and fecret paffagcs, the fpace ofanhundrcd Heps : on the toppe whereofround abour,
were loftic Roomes, in which the Keepers of the Temple, and they which made them-
fclucs chart (iynvoPTii) remained. Within thefe were Galleries, or Cloyfters, in fqua-
rcdrankes, andinthcmiddeft ofall wasthe Temple , lifted vp on coftly Pillars, and
built of Marble. Pofi (^apitoliummhil orbis territrur» cermt ambiitaJiHSydkh,^ another:
Except the Capitoll, the World bath not a flatelier Peece. Here was the Image of Se-
n.'p/>,rcachiiig with is right hand to the wall on one fide, with his left hand vnto the
other, being framed of all kinds of Wood and Mcttals. It had on theEalt a little win-
dow fo fitted, that when on a folemue day the Image of the funne was admitted to fa-
lu'e this i'fr*?/?//, the inglingPricftsfooblerucd the time, thateuen thentheSunnc-
beairics, through this window, fliouldfceme to kifle ^erapis. They had alfo another
tricke, by a Load-ftone placed in the Roofe, to draw vp the yron Image of the Sunnc,
as ific did then bid ^(rr/jp/if farewell. The fuperftitious Ethnickes had a Tradition a-
mong them, That if euer mans hand did offer violence to that Image, the Earth fliould
prefenrly retuinc, and rcfolue ic fclfc into the fir(i Chaos^ and the Hcaueus would fud-


C K A P.f AFRICA. Theftxt 'Booke.


dainlyfall. All this notwithftanding,aClirirti3n Souldicrdifmcmbred the lame, and
burned Serafis openly, the Mice running out of his diuidcd crunke,

Rome(fayth %uffmMs) eftecmed this Sent^ii to be fupiter, znd that hee ware a Mca-
furc (Modnts) on his head, as he which goucrned all things in mcarurc , or elfc did li-
berally feed men with the fruitcs of the Earth. Others coniefturcd him to bee Nilus; o-
thers, lofefh » that fed Egypt in the feuen dccrc ycares. Others thought him to be one
JfiSf a King in Memphis) who in thetime of famine, with hisownenorc, fupplyed
the peoples want:for which benefitthcy built a Temple to him after his death,whcre.
in they nourifhcd an Oxe, in remembrance ofhim,whofeHusbandrie and Tillage had
Dourifhed them.This Beaft they called alfo t^/)«/.

Hc^'mentioneththeTempleof 5'/i.'<^r«;, whofc Prieft called Tyrannm (vndcr pre-
tence of ^d'wrw" com maundement) would demaund the companie of what Ladie
hcliked to bcarc the God companie at nighf.which the husband did not much fticke
at cfteeming it an honour to haue a God his corriuall. But Tj/rannus fhutting the wo-
man into the Temple by fecret paflcs conueycd himfclfe thither into the hollow Image
oiSaturne in which he'held conference a wiiilc with the woman, and after by a deuifc
putting out the lights, fatisfied his luft in committing in the darkethofeworkcsof
darknefle which after being brought to light,caufcd the Temples dcftrudtion.

They had Breaft-plates of Ser/ifu in eucry Houfe , in the Walles , Entries , Pof{s,
Windowcf ; in ftead whereof they after faftened Croflcs. The Ctoflc in the ty£gyp-
tianMyftetiesfignificd/z/irfse'cw*'. They had a tradition, That their Religion fliould
continue, till there came a Signe, in which was Life. "^ And by this occafion many of
their Priefts were conuerted. So-2:.9men ^ reporteth the fame, That in purging oiSera-
pis Temple at Alexandria^the Croffe.being found among other their Hicroglyphicks,
was occafion of the conuerfion of many vnto the Chriftian Faith. This « Temple , and
the Temple of Bacchus, were turned into Chriftian Churches. O/j^wp/w/aPhilofo-
phct, with a companie of Seditious Ethnikes, fortified themfelues in Ser*pis Temple,
nnd caufed many by forccto facrifice: and when the Chriftians burned their Images,
hcanfwered that the Images were but corruptible matter, but the Venues, or
Powers which inhabited Diuine them.were fled to Heaucn.This I thought to mention
for their fakes.who to their Imagc-worfliip haueborrowed the like Hcathnifh plafter.
Tt^ffinHi addcth, That in deftroyingthcTemplcs,thcy foundRcliqucsoftheirblou-
die Superftition, the heads of infants cut oft", with the lips gilded.

The deuotion of C<i»of»« was not infcriour to that of Alexandria. Here,through the
fubtiltic pfthe Prieft, the Chaldasans were vanquiflied. For whereas they challenged
theirGodf»V<rtobccihcftrongeft,asdeuouring other Woodden and Mettal Gods,
he conucied an Earthen pot full of holes, which he had flopped with wax? and filled
Wlthwater, into the Image: and when the Chaldatans made their fieric triall hereof,
the Waxe melting, the Watcriflued , and quenched the fire. Hence it is that they
made the Image of CauopKS with fcete and necke {hort, and a belly hkeaBarrell, or

TacttHt^ reporteth certaine miracles wrought at Alexandria by the inftigationof
SerApis : the curing of a lame and blinde man , whom that God had niooued to feckc
this helpe at r^fi^i»/»<i«j' hand; which hee alfo performed. Hee confulting with this
Oracle, fawfodainely bchindehim in the Temple one'E<^Jili/^ef, whom by prefcnt en-
quirichefoundtoliefickc fourcfcore miles thence inhisbed.Thenamcyec wasano-
minous figne to him of the whole Empire , as deriued of BceffM€i)<The originall of this
God is by fome imputed to Ptolomitus Lagi , who hauing in Alexandria created Tem-
ples, and inftituted Religious Rites, feemed in his fleepe to fee a tali young man, war-
ninf him to fend into Pontus, to fetch thence his Image, fodaincly after vanifliing in a
flame of fire. When the Egyptian Priefts could not iatisfic him m the interpretation
ofthefe th'ingSjTimotheut an Athcnian,whom he had lent for to be chief Mafter of Cc-
temonie^willed him to fend to Sinope,vvhcrin was an ancient temple of P/«/o,hauing
in it the Image of Preferpina. Ptolomey ncglcding this; and with a fecond Vifion ter-
rified, fcnt to Scyirothemii King of Sinope S for the fame ; being (in the way) further
hereunto incouragcd by the Delphian Oracle, ^y^rp/Z^fOTM protta(5ting the bufineflc


affirmcth, that
Egypt is ftill
witnefle vnto
payment of
the fife part of
their profits to
the King,
b StoiieofT")*.


d So%l.7.c.\^,

MarctUirtHf re-

poitcih that

Theedofiiti by


this Temple of



Theodof.l.^. iz.


c.^^.vid Net.S.
g Vionyfxals
him lupiuroi
which Eufta-
tius commcn.
teth thacSiiio-
lame with Me-
phites,; for Si-
nope is ahilof '
Merrphis : or
elfeof this
Ponrike Sino-
pe e^-c adding
this Doric,
arcbof An-
ciocb.Ai, cal»

586 Of the manifold Alterations of State and^UnGrtyis'C.Q n a p. 5.

wasby-difeafcsandmanifeftangerofthc Godsfofced to aflfembk and perfwadehis

pcopleco fuftei- the carrying away of their God. But whiles they refifted this enter-

priftj the ambitious Idoli, without once taking leaue, condcycd hitn iclfe into the

&Athen.l.^. Ship, which alfo, together with himfclfe, heemadeto arriuc at Alexandria in three

cap.i 6. -dayes, where was this Temple built to him, in the place wherein fomctimc had flood

lofaton fhip drcd thoufand volumes, and amongft the reft he caufed the Law , as Jof/^hm faith as

teiiAtbeaJ, other hold, theOldc Tcftament wholly, to bee tranflated into Greckc by the feuentie

y^^Gc'lU a^d two Interpreters. This Librarie was by dCrf/^r/Souldierscafually burned. Cor-

Adnvicn. ''' w^/'«* T^fa/wj ^ tellethno Icflemyracleof (JWcw»o»j flonic ImcgeatThebef, o'raso-

ccornjte. thersfay.atAbidus, which being flricken with the Sunne-bcamc arthc Sunne-rifine

An.z. ycelded a vocall found. This Image was halfe cue off by Cambyfes : P (tufamas ^ dy^t

OiMmmm that he faw it, and largely defcribeth it. ^uguHtu , hauing deftroyed Mthonie and

^onfhTxndit ^'^"P'^"'"^ brought £ Egypt nno a Prouince, and fcowred all the Trenches of Nilus.

Akxlndri ' Hee caufcd the bodie" ofgreat ^/<?Ar^«fi!.'r to be brought forth<, which hoc crowned

M^g.Oionjf,Ei(. with a Grownc ol Gold, and flrewing with flowers, worfhipped it. He built Dlkopo,

fiathjiMcn. its in memory of his Aclian vi<ftorie : jnftitutcd there Qninqueniall Games : enlarged

Sat.x$. >^/>ofl«/Tcmplc:andconfecratcd the place where he had pitched his Tents to Neptune

fPauiM.Atttc. and /T/*»r/, adorning it with fpoyles. '

%lrSuem. *" ^'■''" ' °"^ °^'^' l<:\s'\i^ Pricfts (according to the lewifli manner ) literally inter-

Tran.Ang. pretm§, Efaitj k Propheci'e of the yl/t.-r in Ef^yft , built a Temple at Biibaftis in fafliioa

hXhisboay ofthatatlerufalem.butlefle.bythcpermiffionof ?^/7«»*(rro?-, and furniflied it with

l^tolom. tookz Priells and Leuitcs after the lewiOi Religion. At i Alexandria alfo the Icwes were

anTbuncdTt^ ^^" ^"'^ ^^^ ^^'^"' Synagogues, ss at Leontopolis likewife, and other places. •" Preci.

ac Alexandria P"*' ^'^Y^^' ^^" 'Dtoclrfian the Emperour bef>ow cd Elcphantina and the partes adioy-

jn a golden ning ou the Blemi and Nebate^ whofe Religion was a mungrell of the Grcekifli , E-

Tombc. gyrtian> a"<^ their own: but he caufe.d them to ceafe humane facrifices v\hich they Wed

strab.i-j. tooffcr totheSunne.

k^'^'y'.'jf' And thus was the flatc of Religion in EgyptdiiringtheconqHefts of the Perfians,

\ief.lnt'j.\ir.. Grcckcs,and Romans.cach rather feeking to fettle hccre their Empires then opinions'.

ml'rocuiiAe btl- But when the Some cfRighteeufnef!, iht Sonne ofgedjhe Sauiour of man , appeared it

lo'Perfico.t. I. the world,\\z honoured Egypt with his infancy, as after with a Religious conqucfl , by

'caTe ^"' ^^''^P"'-' (""^ carnAl) cafitrrg dorvne the holds which thefe hellifh fpirits had hcere \o long
oHi[l\rnpar.i. poflc({cd;thus fulfilling truly what £/>y had prophecicd, and Mercury foretold. Alex-

ciip.\i. andria became a Patriarchall Sea(thehrflBifliop whcreofwasS.^^r/^f)enioyino in

PMil.Diae.l.i. Lybia,Pentapolis, and Egypt, the fame power that the Roman BiHiop had in Italy^by

pFmcrit.Spee. decree of the " firft Niccnc Counfel.Heerc alio liued the firft Hcremitcs (theo firrt and

b itl Afrk c 8. *^^'^^*^ of which was Jnto»y, an Egyptian, inuentcr of this order)in the fondy Deferts,

rThcAtabi- * by occafion ofchofc bloudieperfccuticns wherein many thoufand loft their lines. Of

ans and thefe Hcremitcs read lo.(^(ijfiantu and Seuertu Sulpittits de vtta Murtin.l, 3 . But when

Turkcs doe as the Mahumetan Religion and armes began firft to peep into the World.Egypt? wai

cal Cairo.MJ/: made a flaue to thofe fuperftitions vnder which it groneih till this day,
nue Lhc^eof' "^''^^^ Saracens diaided Egypt into;Errif,from Cairo to Rofetto; Affahid.the

amountctluo lan^^ pa" from Cairo to Bugia; Marcmma,orBechria,as Nilus runneth to Damiata. It

aboue a milli- w'as q fubducd vnder the conduct oWamrut the Sonne of //^/Genci al of the Arabian

on, &nmncth forces to ff<?»Mr or y^«w4r the fecond Caliph. He onelyexadcd tribute, permitting

^riadti^ "f' ^'^"^^o""^ of their confcicncc to all. He built vpon t!)c bankes of Nilus aTou'nc called

TreaTuncor*^ by the Arabians F«i?<»r«, that is. Tabernacle becaufe in tlie defert places , through

the great which he paflcd, hec was conftraincd tolie in Tents. The common people call this

Turke,andnoc Towne Mefre Hatichi , the Ancient Citie: for fo it is in rcfpeit of Cairo, ■■ which was

into the pub- after built two miles from hence, by one gehoar,viho of a Dalmatian flauc had bin ad-

uloroZal'l^. "'^""'ltobeaCounfeIlourvnto£/<r^;»thc Mahumetan C^//;/!;^ , and was Generait

He hith vnder him there fixreene Sanzackcs and 1 00000. Timariots, or horfc-mcns fcc«, to maintaine fo luany

borfe for the Tuikcsv/arresac their owns charge,h;;?;»tf«,


Chap.J. AFRICA. the ftxt •Booh.


ofhisArrtiie about the foure hundred yeare of their Hegira. Wze caWeAitElchahira,
\\\\\.\\(\^m^cxh animferioM Myftreffe. He walled it round,and built in itthatuihious

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 115 of 181)