Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 116 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 116 of 181)
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Temple called Geimh Hap^are as Hamrtu had done before at Fuftato. In this Townc
of Fuftato ftandcth the Sepulcher ofa famous Saint of their Se£t, called Nafiff.i^ of the
line oiAidhomet ^\k\\o(c beautifullrtirine the SchifmaticallPatriarches of Egypt ador-
ned with filucrlarrpes, carpets of filkc and other precious ornaments. No Mahume-
tan commeth to Cairo eyther by water or Land but headoreth this Sepulchre, and of-
fcreth thereat, iiifomuch that the yearely oblations and almes hcere offered for the re-
■ leefe of the poore kindred oi Mahomet, and maintenance of the Pricfics that keepc it,
(which want not their counterfeit miracles to delude the peoples zcale; amount to
one hnndred choiifand .y^r^jp. And when ZfAw conquered Cairo, the lanifarics ri-
fling this Sepulchre, found in it fiue hundred thoufand Saraffi in roadie coync befides
other riches. Some report that this /\7^<«^^ bei"gadamcof honour , yceldcdher bo-
dic, wichout reward, to any that required the fame, ' beflowing(as Ak faid)this almes
for the loue of the Prophet A'fahomet. Lettuce futable to fuch lips : Like Prophet, like
Saint. But Leo would hauc you thinke her an honeftcr woman Fuftato is reckoned as a
Suburb to Cairo, containing (in Leos time Anno one thoufand fiue hundred twentie
fix) fiue tlioufand Families : befides many Sepulchres adored of the fond peop!e,which
iroucr the pauemcnt with rich carpets. Hither refort eucry Friday great multitudes for
dcuotion and bcftow liberal almes; ''They hcercfprinkle cold water with fwecthcrbes

and leauie boughs.

a Pilgrim to
Mecca ajud

b I'.Mart.Lc^i

'Baun^gartcn faith that it was a common report in Cairo when he was there (which
wasabouc a hundred yearcs fincc)thatonthebankeofNilus wasaMoskee, wherein
the time of their Orifons, the buried perfonsaroic and ftood ftill and after vaniflicd :
he thought it an illufion of the Dcuill;! thinke fome fupcrftitious relators fiandered the
Deuill herein. It was reported to him alfo, that the water in the Lake neereNilus^oncc
a yeare became red.

Bulach is another Suburb of Cairo vpon the bankes of Nilus, of like diftance, and
hath in it foure thoufand Families with ftately Temples and Colleges.Beb Elloch ftan-
deth a mile from Cairo,and hath about three thoufand Families. Gemeh Taiion was a-
dorned by Tatlon fometime Gouernour of Egypt with a fumptuous Temple and Pal-
lace. Beb Zuaila, another Suburb, concaineth twelue thoufand Families Cairo,i: felfe
withjn the Wals hath not aboue eight thoufand familes, and is full of ftately and mag-
nificent Temples. Here is an Hofpitall built by P/pfm, the firftSoldan of the Man-a-
lukes race : the yearely rcuenues whereof amount to two hundred thoufand Saraffi^ c r
asfome reckon, fiue hundred Ducats a day. It is open to all fickeanddifeafcdpcr-
fons, and heire to all that die there. The Plague is fometime fo hottc at Cairo, that
there die tvvclue thoufand Petfons dayly . This was the ftate of Cairo in Lio's
imt.Salom9n<: Schitveigher affirmeth that at h^s beinginCairo An. a thoufand f uc
hundred eightie one, there died daily betweenefeuen and tenne thoufand : norisany
place more plagued with the French difeafe.Befides that Hofpiral!,and N^fjfas Sepul-
chre, are three other famous, Zauiadella Innachari, Imamfctafij, GittmaL^nr. This is
the gcnerall Vniuerfitieof all Egypt. <l In this place. Anno one thoufand fiue hundred
threefcoreandfix.inthemonethoflanuaric, by miffo:tuneof fire were burned nine
thoufand written bookes of great value, wrought with Gold, worth three or foure
hundred Ducats a pcece one with an other. This was interpreted as an ominous token
oftheir runic. Theythinkc alfo that Mecca will in ftiort time bee conquered by the
Chnrtians, and her deuotions fhall be remoued to Rofctto. T>iea*3dcr c his conceit is ri-
diculous, that Cairo fhould hold as much people as all Italy, and that th;rc arc two
and twentie thoufand Temples. John tuefham out oftheir owne rcgifters f numbcreth
but two thoufand foure hundred .-and though Cairo confidcred together with thclc
fuburbes is great, yet is it not all the way continued with houfes and buildings shut
hath Gardens alfo and Orchards betweene. °

lodccii6 a AdeggeH reporteth that a man can hardly walke the flrcetsby rcafon of the
multitudes efpcople ^ and beafts : they bring their water from Nilus into thf Citie on
Camels : on Mules, andHorfcsthc chicfe men ride,and on Afles the poorer. They fell

E e e all

to Mecca.
e Nean.Or.
f Baumiartcn
tels a report
(but doubtetH
otthc truth)of
perhaps was a
cipher to his
account, for
g P, Mart.
h TV. l.ithgmv.
fpeakcs of
100000. Chri-
ftians/n this
Citie, befitles
Saracens, lews
and Heathens,

588 Alterations ofjiate and %elt^ion in M.^^t. Chap, ^l

all by waiglit,cuen VVood for the fire , of which is great fcarcitic. And although the
Temples and feme houfes are faire, yet the greater part of the Tovvne is ill built. Be-
caufc they may not by their Law drinkc Wine, they compound a drinkc of dry raifons
fteeped in water and other mixtures;yea and fecretly will make bo'de with the former.
He faith that (befides other cals from their ftecples to deuotion) they afcend at mid-
night to call that the people may cncrcafe and multiply, and therewith their Religion.
"BeniamtH TnAelenfis numbred in Cairo looo.Icwes in his time(44o,yearej fince)in
two Synagogues and Sc£ts of the Hellenifts and Babylonians. Hee faith that there then
raignedin Mifraim or Cairo Amir iAlmumAmn Eli fonne oiAyttdih , all whofe Sub-
ic(?ks were called Meredtm or Rebels, for their difference from the Bagdad Caliph.
HisPallace wa? called Soan. Andhecameforthbut twiceayeare, on their EaftcrSo-
lemiity.and then when Nilus oueiflowcth,which extcndeth i y.daies iourncyes when
it aflcendeth iz.Cubits on their meafuring pillar.and but halfc that way is watercd,if it
afccndethbut fJxCubits. An Officer euery day fignified the increafe, with proclama-
tion of prayfe toGodthcrefore. The water of Nilus feruethfor drinkc and medicine
againft repletions. Old Mifraim(he faith)is 2.1eagues fro new Mifraim,but altogether
waft. 'Bf.umgnrtcn ihinkes there are in Cairo 8000. which Hue only by carrying water.
And there are diuerfe which eyther of their owne vow orbofbme Tcftators charitie
offer freely to all that will drinke in filuervcflels rand fprinklc the f^reets twiceadaie
becaurc of the heat and duft. There arc more in Cairo (hee reporteth fuch a rumour)
• which want houfes tod wellin then Venice hath Citizens, There arccftemedtobce
1 5000. lewes. 10000. Cookcs which carry their cookeric and boile it as they goe, on
a Like fuch as ^ '^^'"^ heads. InjJ.or 10. houres one can fcarcely compafTe it. But you muft know that
fell Codlings, ihjs was in the time oftheSoldan before the Turke had conquered it.
& London. Alexandria ''is Very vnholefome, as the graue of that Alexandria we before mentio-
bOftheEgyp- ned.Vnderthe foudatioos are great habitations,as if they were two Alexandria's bulk
cm" /'^V*^* one vpon another. Vnder the houfes of the Citie are ciflerns fiiilained with mightic
ii.Bookethc Arches to reciuc the inundation of Nilus. Whenthe Saracens had fpoilcdit,itremai-
later part of ncd long defolatc vntill a fiibtle Caliph proclaimed that Mahomet had left great indul-
Alexan, fee the gcnces to fuch as would hcere inhabit. And thus he 1 eplenifhed the Citie with inhabi-
dilxoutfe and j jnts, building houfes for them, as he did Colleges for the Students , and Monafteries
GBinm°in° for the religious.Heerc yet remaineth a little Chappell, wherein they lay that the high
c.o.T. ' Prophet, and King >4/fJr^«^i??"^ the great lies buried : to which refort many Pilgrims

c jUic.?eUn that adore the fame, and beftow there their almcs. The Arabians and their Alcoran aU
frolesvcfan* fo C3\\ Alexander Two.heinird , die reafon whereof fecmeth to bee that his ambitious
Philippi Vteix {-gjidng jq be accounted the fonne onnpttr Ammen-.ntythtx doe the vulgar Arabians
m'um ''&C-LUC, know him by the name Alexander^ but by thattitle of Trvo.herncd. And fuch vvas his
d Salltnje the- Ima ge in the Cyrenaike coynes.In old time they had a cuftome mentioned by '^ ^ullen
riaca. of executing condemned perfons which they would quickly difpatch; to apply to the

breaft an Afpe, and then caufe him to walke a few pafes : and fuddcnly he is at his long
home. This he there faw : a praftife not much vnlike the Athenian draught of Hem-
locke. There is in AIexandria(as M^. Euefham relateth^ a pillar of Marble called by the
Tutkes King Pharats needle, 4. fquare, in height 90. foot. And without the faid citie
400. pafes; another round, called P«»?/)f7^/)»&r, (landing on afquare ftone ij.footc
highrthecompafTeofthepillaris ?7.foote,the height loi. cauling no finall wonder
how it fliould be ereded on that lionc.This haply was fet vp in memory o^ireMt Fcm-
pej, who by the Egyptian treachery was flainc at Pelufium, almoft in the fight oflcru-
cPd.eberusktJi. inlcm (is ^ Ehrw noteth) and that Countric of the lewcs which heehadvniuflly
iKdaice. 51.JJ. ^jp„ggj j[j(j fubducd to Homane feruitude; although his hands were purer touching
the holy places and treafiires, which his curious eyes would needs behold, then thole
ofperiured Cr-«j7«/,which before had fufi'ered dcfcrued vengeance by Parthian execu-
{Pcrtp.c,i^, tion. lodoc/u a Meggen ^ faith that the chanel which bringcth water from Nilus conti-
nueth 5o.miles: thcciftcmswhichreceiueit areasyouhaueheard: and i: is thought
(as thisour Author affirmeth)thatthofeparts of Alexandria which the ground hideth,
cofl more then that which is open to the view. Yet doc thefe cifterns now much de-
L.IJCM- cay.The Citie {hcwcih faire vvithout,butwitbin(they are BaftmgtfrtensSvioids) like a


C H A P.5. AFRICA. The fikt Booke, 589

beapeof ftones : few houfes arc whole. There is yet ftandiiig(whcrc Alexanders Pak
lace is thought fomtimc to ftand)3n Obeliske of red niarbie ofcxcecdiilg height, with
hiCToglyphicall charafters ofbeafts and other things. Beniamin TudtUnfis fpeaketh of
a taire building without the fvalls in his tiine.caHed tAriflotles Schoole, wherein were
twenticSchoolcs.andbetwecncthcmir.atblepillars: fomtimcs much frequented (as
he faith.but I thinkc,deceiued) to hearc ArMotUs leading. He mentions Vaults a mile
long. He found there three thoufandlevvcs'. ; . ' .'

Thebes that fometime was To famous a Cltie, contayneth not now aHoui three
hundred Families : and ftill retayneth fome bones of the carkaffe of olde
ny Pillars,Walls,infcriptions in Latine,Greekc,and Egyptian Charaders. Mertiphi?'
her next fucceflbr, is vtterly ruinate. The Mahumctans entred Egypt about e^«»«
<J57. After, their rtatc finking vnder the weight ofitfelfe (which i? the ordinarie (ick-
neflcofTeaeneflc^they grewtodi(rentionsandfci^j,3sis faid in our Saracen Hi(io-
rie. For^thcfeateofthcSaraccnicallC^iZ/pw-wbeingbyMacainatrcmoucdto Bagdar,
which he had builded, there arofe new Caliphs in Damafco; in Egypt (whofci'cate ^, /^
was after at Cairo:) in Cairoan, to whom the Africans yeeldedfubiedion.and after at fjjf,jj„ J,'''i"
Marocco.But in E/f-wtimcwhilt he fought to win the Eaft from the Caliph of Bag- EsypXnCa!
dat,hisLieutenantrcbcl!ed3gainfthim,&hewasfainctoliueinEgypt,whereC*Aojr liplia':, v.ncer«
had built Carro.Thc fed of f/4/i had before alfopreuailed in Egypt , for which caufe taine.
'Hjifilfts father was forced to flee tHc countrey, yet this kSt after was reftored by v^yl
iw»//«w,and 5«//»«^> his fonne.firlt Caliph of Egypt. But when the Wcfterne forces,
vnderG9.:i/V-«7ofBullcn,grew terrible to the Eaft, P the Egyptian:>paicd tribute to the p Car.dn-Mj.
Chri(H?«s,which'D4r^<«»thc Sultan detayning, was by yi/wwc«j King of Icrulalem 4.10.1 1.53.
ou«rthrow'neinbattell.<lA''<?r4^;«<?ofDamafcofent^^r4cewhisfonnc lohclpcSanar "3 K'Msr.H.
the Sultan againft this I>4r^<!», which .S^rrfcow was by the Caliph appointed Sultan,
who before had (lain the Sultan.and Saladttse his fucceflor flew ^ the Caliph (for com- r lacJ v'uria-
mint' to him with pretence ofdoing him reuerencc.he fmotc him to the ground with cii.or.bift-c,s,
an Iron Mace) and rooted out his poftetitie to fettle his ownc. This Hiftoiic is diucrf.
]y reported. P^wer^wfmalceth the Egyptian Caliphs to be Schifmaticall from their ^p^^car
firf}entrance,whichwJis(ashefaith)in^;<»<»7o^.whichraigncdinEgyptfoorchun- (T,^^/
dredfortieandfeucnyeares,ofthcproftflionofH^/i. C;<ritfwriteth other wife,as 'in t Kead,l.^,c,t,
their Hiftoric we hauefhewed. SoalfodothL^difTenting from them both, a man
learned in his owne Religion, He faith that the Caliph of Cairo had continued two
hundred and thlrtieyc3res,w hen as i'^/.tf^/w lie whim , andfubicifted himlcifeto the
Caliph of Bagdct the onely Caliph then remaining. This o^Ai^/w was nephew to Sa'
rac9n,v^\\o chafed the Chriftians out of Syria His children reigned after him,of which
MelechfaU was Iaft..who firft inuented the order ofthe Mamalukcs , which were Cir-
caflian flauesbought in their youth,and trained vp to Anncs.Arts,and Religion of the
Saracens, whom he madcof his giiard. Butthcyflew their Mafter,and viurped the
Kingdom to thcml'elueSjalwaycs clefling one of their company, the tirft of which Ma-
malukeKings was T»ri^«fWf«<«^,who was flairie of his fellow Cef^wj, and he of£V«-
^/ocd^fr.whowas alfopoifoned,8:c. Z,i?e faith, that S aLidmes izmW'^ reigned 1^0.
ycares,andP//>fr« was (faith he) the firftMainalukc King. Campfon CjaMries, andTo-
rnftmbetus^r^Q laft ofthefe Kings were ouerthrowne by Zchm the Tui ke, Ann. 1 5 1 7.
whofe fucceflors ftill holde Egypt, and hauc a BalTa relidcnt at Cairo , from whenc6
was carried by water many ornaments to Conftantinople. The Caliph as at Bagder,
fo here retained fome fpirituall prcheminen:e,itiiich like the /^^-.v /rfcrer.-iw " amonglt
thcRomanes,whofe title was royall,and his office in their fuperftiti us ceremoniesto " t-Vene^eOi
performcthofe rites which the Kings had vied perfonally to doc: but this titular •'""■•A.'''''''
King was fubiedl to higher powers ofthe Pontifex,People,&. ScDZtc. BMma^rteu faw
himin white attire with a forked Diadem or Mitre, a blackc and long beard ^vvith a i\ " '
great retinue comming to falute Te»gobardmH5 a great Mamaluke (w hich lometimcs
hadbinaDcaconinSpainc, and now had embraced the world, and the woiKI liiiii,
pofTefsing Honours. Wealth, and fine and thirtte Wines) in Cairo. Peter O'l'ar-
ifjr fayth that the ' Caliph fclleth the Soldan this Digniticat a price, and alcending x Lezudi '
the Throne, dooth giue and commie vnto the Soldan there {landing on footp,

Eee 2 the


Of the Alterations of State and ^ligion in ^g)'l>t. Ch ap »5,

ti Example for
ending Con-

X Good works
doiong Turks.

the abfoliite power of life and death.and then defcending difrobcth himfelfe, attiring
the Soldan with the fame robes. So it appeareth, that the name and power of the Ca-
liph,all the time of the Mamalukes (as the Ghoft oft fclfe } had feme almoft brcathles
fliadow left : thclifc and fubftancc being in the Soldan. ,,

There is (faith Leo) in Cairo,and in ail Egypt foure Seds.diffcring from each other
in Canon and Quill laws, all Mahumctans.He which profefleth one of thcfe fecSs .can-
hot at his pleafure betake him to another.except being learned he fhew rcafons thcr*
fore. Each of thefc fc6^s hath his peculiar ludge, from whom yet licth an appealc to a
higher ludge.beinggouernour of the fedt called Efafichia. Whofoeuer attempteth
ought againft the precepts of his owns fccretly puniflied by the ludgc thereof:
And although the Prielis of thelefcucrallfedlsvfe differing Liturgies and rites, "yet
doe they not take one the other for cncmies,with hatred or mutinies : but if any quc-
ftionarifc,learned men by conference debate the fame. No man vponpaine ofgtie-
uouspunifhmentmay rcprochany ofthc foure Do<^ors, firft authors of thoietoutc
(e£is. There is one fedt of religious men in Cairo , called Chenefia^ which Ijuc vpoti
horfe-fle(K: therefore are lame lades bought and fetvp a fatting, and foldc tothefc
Chenefitn s ,\\h\c\\ (c&. is rife in all Afia. There goe certaine women vp and down the
Ciiie crying.whofe office is to excife or circumcife the women^ which is obferucdin
Egypt and Syria,both by the Mahumetans and lacobite-Chriftians-Ncytherhauethe
Turkes (although in iiipcrftition by themfclues acknowledged fhort of the Arabians
and Egyptians) bin altogether idle in their deuotion, which they teltifie by their Pil-
grimages,and - Almcs- workes. BellentM telleth of one Turkc that caulcd water to be
brought daily on Camels backs for the cafe oftraueller* in that defart fpace bctvveene
Jilexandrm ic Rofetto.Egypt hath in it many le wifh Synagogues, who (peak the Spa-
ni{li,Ttalian,Turkifh,Arabian,and.Greekelanguage3,and are great Merchants. Wee
haue had amongft vs Vagabonds.which call themfclues Egyptians, the dregs ofman-
kinde. Of thefe Egypt it felfc Icffe forrcine to them then to vs. They wander
(faith B(ltoMius)thwuo\\ all thcTurkifli Empire, and are cunning in Iron-works.They
feemc to bcChril^ians of Wailachia. Thus we fee the iudgements of Cod by riicPer-
fianSjGraJciansjandRomancsfortheirpriftineldoIatric :and a grcateriudgenientfor
their hsrefie, hatched by y^rr/a/,punifhed by a Saracenicall Apoflafic.

Amongft the differing feits ofthe Mahumetans (of which wee haue fpokeninthe
third booke) Africa^and efpccially Egypt,& herein Cairo moft of all is pellered Y with
thcm,which may be called the naked,or the wicked fe^l.rcguing vp and down naked,
and pradifing their flefnlyvillanyjin the open fight ofthe people, who yet holdc them
for Saints. Thciuft handof diuineiufiice, that wheninenfoifake God, not Religion
and Truth 3lone,but reafon.but fcnfefhall alfo forfake them.

Before we leaue thcfe Soldans of Cairo , or rather becaufc you haue flayed fo long
hercjet vs beflow fome fpcftacle on you worthy the a refrefliing to your wca-
ried eyes.They arc the fame which the Soldan in olkntation of his magnificence made
to the Turkifh Embaflador,.^»».i joy.from Bauwgartens rclaiions.which was an eye-
witnes therof There were aflcmblcd docoo.Mamaluke? all in hkehabite : the Soldan
himfcite all in white, with a mitred Diadem.aiul not far from him their Pope or Chalj.
phdin alowcr feat : and beneath him the Turkifh Embafl'ador. The place wasafpa-
cious pl3ine,in which were three heaps of fand. fiftic paces diftant.and in each a fpearc
eredted with a markc to fhoot at, and the like ouer againH them, with fpace beiwecnc
for fixe horfes to runnc abreaft. Here did the younger Mamaiukes gallantly adorned,
vpon their horfes running a full career yccld (hange experiments of their skill not one
niifsing the marke,firlt with cafting Darts,& after with their arrows,3s they ran : and
laftly trying their ftaues. Others after this, in the Ike race of their running horfes.fhoc
with like dexterie diuers arrowes backwards & forwards. Others in the mids ofthcit
race alighted :?.thTies,& (their horfes fill running) mounted againe, & hit the mark nc-
uerthcles. Others did hit the fame, {landing on their horfes thus fwiftly running.Otherii
;5 .times vnbent their bows, & thrice again bent them whiles their horfes ran, & miffed
not the mark : neither did otiiers.w:'' amids their race,Iightcd down on cyther fide, Sc
again mounted themfelues:no,nor they which in their fvviftcfi courfe leaped & turned


y Leal,},

alfo menaons
ofthe Mama-

Chap.5. AFRICA. TJ^e ftxfBooke. 5pi

themfcluesbackcwardionihcirhorfcs, and then (their horfcs ftill running) turned
thcmfclucs forwards. There wcrc.which whiles their horferanne.vngirt their faddlesi each time fliooting.and then againe girding their faddles, and ncuer miffing
the matke.Some fitting in their faddles leaped bafckwards out of them, and turning o-
ucr their heads,fetled themfelucs againe in their faddles and fhot, as the former, three
times. Others laidcthemfclues backwards on their running horfes, and taking their
tailes.put them into their mouthcs, and yet forgot not their ayme in (^looting. Some
after cuery fhot drew out their fwords,& flourifhed them about their hcads.and again
flieathcd them. Others fitting betwixt three fwords on the right fide, and as many ort
the left, thinly clothed, that without great care eucry motion would make way for
deathyet before & behindc them touched the marke.One flood vpon two horfes run-
ning very fwiftly,his feet loofe.and fliot alfo at once three arrowes before, and againe
three bchinde him. Another fitting on a horfc neythcr bridled nor fadlcd,as he came at
euery marke arofe and flood vpon his fcete, and on both hands hitting the marke fate
downe againe three times. A third fitting on the bare horfe,when he came to the mai k j

layi vpon his backe and lifted vp his legges , and yet miffed not his flioot. After all |

this they ran with like fwiftneffe (for all thefe tbings.which, where is the Vaulter that \

can do on his imaginaric horfc flanding ftill ? thefe did running) and with their ftaues
carried away thofe marks,as triumphing cucr their innocent enemie.One of them was
killed with a fali,& two fore wounded in thefe their feats of ac^ioitie. They had ah old
graueman which was theirteachcr. If I hauelong detained theein this fpeiSacle, re-
member that the race of Mamalukcs fhould not be forgotten,the rather, becaufe their
name is now rafed out ofthe world; and this may fceme an Epitaph on their Sepul-
chre.afcer whom noneperhaps are left able to doc thelikc.

AsforthcChriftiansinEgypt.yce mayreadein the Hiftories" ofthe Holy-land- u liifl.Sar.&.
warrcs.what attempts were often made by the wefterne Chtiflians againfl thefe vnbe- Tur.p«xe Alt.
leeucrs. Concerning theprefent ftate of Chriftianitic i\\ctt,Leo,BoterHS,^ and M^P«- f'^fg^/sM
r; in his additions to his EnghftiedL«,may acquaint you. Befides,theforraincChri- ^^j tnleZ]
fiianSjWhichrefort to thefe parts for trafficke there, are thought to be fiftie thoufand ch^tr,cbren'.
Natiuc ofthe countrcy, whichhauc Churches,and Monaflerics, whereof there are
three Chriftian Churches at Alexandria. They are called Cefti, and ChnHiAns from the
^j'i^/f.becaufe of their CircumcifioOjWhich together with Baptifmethey admit. In
their Liturpic they vfe the Chaldaran language. But they reade the Gofpell
the Arabian. They are accounted of Ewftf^wherefie. Their, Patriarchall Sea is Alex-
andria .-rwhichfromS.A/iiri^^tothis day hathhada continucdfucc^ffion , asappea- ...-^ _ ,
leth by the late Letters oiGitbriel to the Pope, calling himfelfe the fourefcore and fe- porothlm.B'a-'
uentcenth ofthe Patriarches from Saint i^^r^. Thus wmcth Baromtfi with a great rtn.l.6.wb'it.
rnanyfwellingwordes, which may puffevp his Romanc Sea. But howctcdulousis 55»*»
fupcrftition? and that neucr-erring Sea ha;h (how often ?)beene gulled this way, or
fought to gu!l and coufen others withfuch lefuiticall fidions oflknow not what con*
uerlions and fubmiffions , as Barenim would make you belccue of thi- Gahiel.
Thus had Mthomet his Gabritil,znd thus our age hath another (ja^r/f/obtruded vpon
the vulgar fimplicitic :(faire fetched belike is good for ihcir Lady-motlier) But Alex-
andria hath knowne no G-J^r/ir/inthofc times, Patriarch there. Cjeerge boufi helde
good acquaintance with ^^/<^(/>«,andhi«prcdeceflbr was 5</«^H^r; forhat this Ro-
w/yy^CiJ^Wf/ which af-ribcd fo much to that Sea, was a Romanc CJAbnel indeede,
which Alexandria ncuer knew. Neyther did Afdetiut the Patriarch know anyfuch
Papall Supremacie,butvvritcth learnedly againfl the fame, as in an Epiflle of his to
hhn Doufa (wherein he maketh mention of our Englifh ^ Embaffadour) extant witb x M.Edward
Gc«r(7;r)o'.-/^/Iournall may appcare. Buttiin.

How Chrifl ia n Religion was firft planted in Egypt by S^ Marke, a nd the ApOftlcj,
and their fucceflburSjandhowperfecutedby the Ethmkcs: after by the Arrians; and
how Ethuike Religion was againeby ^4/^^/ permitted to all that would embrace it,
thefore-named Ecclcfiaflicali Hiftorics make mention : how it was perfecutedby
thcPcrfianinuafions, and after by the Saracens in time brought to this prefentpaflc, ^'"■'"'- '*"'"''"
andhowitnowcontinucth, wcc may reade mmanyboth old*aBd new Authours! Pmtdm,&(\

Ece 3 ' Za^a ' '■


Of the Egyptian Q:ronokgie,<^c. Chat, 6.

i Vam.aCocs,

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 116 of 181)