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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 117 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 117 of 181)
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e.9ii.

Hemingij Catc-
c\r(mmin^ne.
CAtholkxTfadit.
c Tbeat.Vi:
t'mm.



Zaoa Z'-iiiO an ^^thiopian Bifhop faith, that the Patriarke of Alexandria ref deih at
Catro! where their ey£(hiopian Metropolitanc^receiueth of him his confirmation.
And m their AEthiopian Liturgie.chey mciiclonthcm both in this fore. Pray forour
Prince,the Prince of our Archbi{hops,the Lord Gabriel, and the chiefe of the Church
of Alcxandria,and for the chiefe of our country ,our venerable Archbifhop.A/rtr;tf,C^f.
And thus much ofthis Egyptian Prelate, asatafteof that which is to be declared ia
our ChrilHan Relations. ey4driamu Romamu,'^ in \\\%lheatrum Vrhmm faith. that bc-
fides the Patriarch of the Coptites.here is alfo a Patriarch of the Grcckes and Arab j.
ans,which hauc their Liturgie in Greeke^but fcarce vndcilland the fame.




C H A r. V I.

the Egypthn Chronologie , eiit of Manet Ij& high Priesi of the
Egyftinas^and others.

Fterthisfo long a HiHorie of Egyptian affaires, I haue heere added
the-ordcr of timcs,w herein thofe things hapned, that this our Relation
might be the more complete, although perhaps it may feemctofome
more thjn tedious alreadie. ?i»rro diuidcd times into three forts; the
firll he called Vncertaine; the fecond Fabulous; the third HiHoricall,
/tj/ff/^^f^r/y^^rja man happily more ftudious in this fubicd of Times,
then all Times before haue yeelded vs,reckoneih the two former for one, as not eafily
to be diHmguiflied. He hath alfo publifhed to the world not onely his ownc learned
f Sxcerpta Har- Obferuations on Etifebmi Chronicle, but fuch Fragmentsf as out oiCedrentts, Sj»cil.<
haro-Ut.^U- /^^^and others.he could finde both of Er/febius Chronicle in Greek (for before we had
mifc.cbren.CM- Q^ejyjhe LatineTranflation of i^/frowif, much whereof alfo is vtterly lort)asalfoof
fibXaUdtanxi ^^y,ca,itis S'^om whofe ftore-houfe £«/«/■//</ tookc his Chronicle.both for matterand
^' * %vords,almoft by whole, fale. And whereas j^nniushad before ccufened the world

with counterfeits of Bi)'o/i«,A/iiw;i(?,A/'tf;^J7/?f««, with other fabulous talcs, falfely
fathered on the Ancients : he hath helped vs likewiie to fome reliques of thofe Hifto-
ries.which others haue inferted into their workes ; the very bones of fuch carkafles be-
in" worthy of admiration;if not of veneration. The true AIa»ethi> thctefoic in three
Tomes wrote thcEgyptiainHiftorie vnto PtoUmans Fmladelphtts : hisGreeke Epiftlc
Dedicacorie being but fliort J haue thus tranflatcd :
- • -> J To the Cjreat King Ptolsmans Phtiade/phus 5 yftigt<Fi:is , Manetho High Pnefl and

yenelablTi'v- ScrtbeofthefacredSanEiiiariethrostghotttEgjft, of the Sebeunitefamtlj , a Helifpoli'
propriateJaf- tan^tomy LordPtolemjms,Cjreeting. It hehouetbvs (mightte Ki>ig ) to gitie account of
t n- ro Au^iiftus all thofe things which yon com fell vs lofearch ottt. The f acred Book^t, written by our for e-
and his fucccu father Trtfmegiflits Hermes , v^hich I hntit learned ( according as you , encjuir-.vg r*hat
'°"* things P^ttll come tofajfe m the n>arld,hatie Commanded me Jft^ull be declared : Vartwtlljny

Lord King.

Hence appeareth the time of .^rfKtff^tf,and his Pontificall dignitic , with the origi-
nallofhis Antiquities borrowed of i/i^r^jw, and the occafion of his writing in the
Greeke,2S toaGrecian King. «

h P^'*'"'-' o"' h He firft fetteth downe theyeares of the raigncsof their Gods. Vtilcan^Sel^Aga'
fett-thdowac thodxmen,Sattirnefiftn:zn6 Jfis,Tjpho». Then ofthe dcmi-gods : C>)'W,who rai"ncd
this Genealo- fiue and t wentie yeares : A/.;rX;thrce and twentic : y^»«^^^,feucnteene : Hercules tout'
gie -.Ho'ia the teene : yJpollo, (ome and twentie : jimmon,t\\m\c : Titkoes^ feuen and twcntie: iiofHs,
ionntoiV[ini, two and thirtie : /«/">?'',tvventic. Things both falfe in themfelues, and in the Copic
, he o^ c/wi, and jj^p^jf^^^ ^fj„ thgfe hg rcckoncth in order two and thirtic ' I);^/!/?/^ ,Lordfhips, or
gouerncments in Egypt.

I The firft of theThinites ; ofeight Kings.whofe names and yeares ofraigne are,
/,/ir»f.',threefcoreand two : hdvvasflaine ofanHyppopotamus,orRiiier-Horre. A-
;^6r/^/Vhisfonnc,feuenandhfcie. He built a Pallacein/Wwj/)/;'/i, and wrote of Ana-
tom\c. CenicsKcs his fonne^one and thirtic. Enephis^m fonne, three and rwentie. In

his



he oft /).!/» or
Chamtpl'es.

©yualVies.



C K A v,6 AFRICA. Thefixt 'Booke. 593

his time was a great famine. He built the Pyramides in Cochon. Saphitduf ^h'ls fonnc,

cwcntic : Semempfts,h\s fomie, eighteenc : Biencches, iiis fonne, fix and twcntie. Stim.

/or. two hundred threcfcore and three. Of/l/<f«if/, thc(irftofthe(e,ic is reported* that ' ul.Calcag.de

hefitrtinuentedthcvfeof money: for which long after he was folemnlycurfcd by a nb.'&g,

Counccll of Priefts in the time of C«fp6>i/«/,and atThebcs a pillar was crcded in the

Temple to teflifie the fame.

2 The fecondDynafticoftheThinitesjvnder nine Kin^s.Whofe names and yearcs
oftheirraigneareincrderas followeth, 5««/)«;, eight and thirtieyeares. Catechos,
nineandthirtie: inhistimewas ordained the worfhip ofey^pif, at Memphis, and
M»euis atHeWopcWs. 'Binethris, feuenand fortie: Tins, kucmcene-. Sethenes,ottQ
•andfortic: C/)<<r<r^, feuentecne : 7y>p/»*^f^''''«^.fiue and twcntie: in his time Nilusis
faid to hauc had his waters mixed with hony. Sefochris, ei^ht and fortie : Centres, ihii-
tic. Summc, three hundred and two.

; The third of the Memphites. Schersphes, eight and twentie : Ttf/^r/tro/,' nine
andtwentie. Hcisfuppofed to he t/£fculapius iov his skill in Phyficke; ftudious of
Painting and Architcfturc. Tyris, feuen : Mefechris, fcuentecnc : Zoyphis, fixtecne :
Tefertajis, ninetecne : .^ches, two and fortie : Stphuris, thirtie : Herpberes, fixe and
twcntie.

4 The fourth Dynaftic of the Memphites. Sorts, nine and twcntie : Suphis, threc-
fcore and three: he made the greateftPyrainis. Suphes, thtcefcorc and fix: Mencher.
«/, threcfcore and three :';^4re(!/J'/,fiue and twcntie: Btcheret, two andtwentie: Ze^
hircheres, feuen. Tamphtbis, nine : Sefochris, eight and fortie.

■ 5 ThefiftoftheElcphantines. 'L'y<'r<:6<f>-«, eight and twcntie ;i'f/>^r^^,thirtecnc:
J{ephefcheres,t^tnw'.Siftrii,kntxM Ech ere s,twcnnc : Eathrtris, one andfortic: Mer-
cheres,mac: TVic6if»-", fortie and foure : "L^ww, three and thirtie.

6 The fixt of the Memphites. Otbees, thirtie : Phios^ three : AfethMfuphis, feuen :
Thiols, a hundred : CMenthefitphis, one : Nitochris,iv/elue: (hec built the third Py-
ramis.

7 The feuenth of fcucntie Kings, that raigned fo many dayes a pccce. *

8 The eight of feuen and twcntie Kings, which raigned an hundred fortie and
eight yeares. Their names are not cxpreflcd.

9 The ninth Dyna(tie was of the Hcraclcopolitans : of which were ninetecne
Kings, that raigned foure hundred and nine yeares. The firft of them was t/ichthoes
a crucll Tyrant, dcuoured by a Crocodile.

10 The tenth was of ninetecne Kings: whofe raigne endured an hundred fourc-
fcorc and fine yeares.

1 1 The eleuenth of thcDiofpolitans : whofe (ixtecnc Kings raigned three and for-
tie yeares. Heere endeth the firft Tome of Afanetho: whole fecond Tome contameth
thetwelfthDynaftie of thcDiofpolitans; Thefirttof which was (^efongofes, fixe znd VpxU.ii,
fortie : Ammameues, eight and thirtie : Selefiri^ the great Conqucrour, eight and iot-

i\e : Luchares ,e:\^x.: Ammdres,e\^t; Amme»e»es,e\^x.: S em tophr is, fonxe.

T 3 The thirteenth, of threcfcore Kings which raigned fourc hundred fiftic and
three yeares.

14 The fourteenth of threcfcore and fcuentecnc Kings, coritained an hundred four-
fcorc and foure.

1 5 The fifteenth of Phxnicians, Shcphcards, the firfi of which was Saites, nine-
tecne : Anon, three and fortie : Pachnatt, threcfcore and one : Siaa»x\ghi : ArcieSjlot"
tie nine : Aphodis, ihreefcore and one : In all two hundred fortie and two. And the to,
tall fummeofthe yeares of thefe fiftcene Dynaftiesis three thoufand three hundred
and feuenteene.

16 The fixtecnth Dynaftic was ofotherflicphcardSjWhofe thirtie two Kings raig-
nedfiue hundred and cighteene yeares.

17 Thefeuentecnthwas of other Shepheardsvnder thirtie three Kings, and the «,
Theban Diofpolites , an hundred fiftie and one yeares.

18 The eighteenth of the Diofpolites. Amos, fiue and twcntie : Chebros thirtccne :
ft/^wf»i)p^;te, fourc andtwentie : tyimerfis^ two and twcntie : Mifphris, thirteene :

Mifphr^g'



594 ^^^ JB^ptian Chronologie^tjrc, C H a ?,6,



MiffhrAgmMthofii, fixe and iwentie : Thutbrnefis, nine ; Amtnofhthit, one and ihirtie.
This is fuppofcd to be Mtmnen and the fpcaking Statu Ci Oros, fcuen and thirtie : e/f_
ri&*rr#/,twoandthirtic:'2^»^»/,fix : C^ehres, tweluc: -4cirrr«, twclue : ^merfts,
fine : Rammefn , one : Ammtnofh , ninctccne : in all, two hundred fourefcorc and
fcuen.

jp The nineteenth Sethos, one and twentic , Rhaf faces, threefcorc and one : Am-
meuephthes,tvicmic : /{/»)»«•/«, threefcore : jimme»emet, due : Thneris, fix.

ao In the third tome. The twentieth Dynaflie lafled one hundred and fiue and
gwcnticyearcs. The Kings were twelue.

ai The one and twentieth, of theTanitcs: 5«w*rii/</,fixand twcntie: Pfufennes,
two and fortie : Mephelcheres, foure : jimen«phttf,nmc : Opfocben, fix : PJi»techej^aiae:.
StifeuHts, foureteene : called Sefac in Scripture : in all, one hundred and ten.

21 The two and twcntieth,of the Buba(htes:5'f/'««ci;^,onC and twentic : Fforthm^
fifteenc.The third,fourth, and fift. arc not named : to them are aficribed fiue and twen-
tic yeares: In this fpacc Zara the Ethiopian oucr-rannc thefe parts. Tal^llothts, thir-
tcene : his fiicccflbr, two and fortie : in ail, one hundred and fixtcene.

23 The three and twentieth of the Tanitcs ; Petu^aftes, fortie: Oferchos, eight:
*PfammM, ten : Z#, — one and thirtie : in all, fourefcorc and nine.

24 The foure and twentieth, of "Bpccboru the Saite, who raigned foure and fortie
yeares, was taken and burned of Sahl^acon,

25 The fiue and twentieth, ofthe Ethiopians : SMactn, eight : i'if««i&,fourtcenc;
Trfr^ciS'jCightecne : in all fortie. This Tfir^cA perhaps was he which built Tarracona

4 p^-fgrap. dt inSpainc, ifwcbcIecucT<jr4ffe4/ * Colleftion out of £«/<r^/«««
ticg'tiiff. ' "i-f) The fix and twcntiih,of the Saites ; Stepht»Ates,kucn : Nechepfts .Cn.Thus farre

out of MAnetboihcevc foUoweth out of Hcroddttu ; Pfdmmeticm ^{ome. (owciT^ch/te^
feuentecne ; he flew It/ias: Pfammis fixtcene: fkphres, fiue and twentith;with him Ze-
«/(f;^4/&cntred league. //*r«<^ff/«#callethhim^;iw«. ThcMaforitcj, by their Hebrew
points (through ignorance of forren Hiftoric, as Scaliger faiih) haucmadc it Hophra,
i 7?r,44.3o. of whonT/*rf»w/V''prophecied that deftru(Sion which -^ot<«/3/ executed (as H*ro«/»r«<
rcporteth) who raigned foure and fortie yeares. The fummc ofthe yeares of thisDy-
naftie is one hundred fiftic and nine.

27 Heercfollowethagaine out of ^4««f^». -The fcuen and twentith Dynaftic of
the Perfians : C^w^v/iry.foure : 1>arini Hjfflafpes,fix and thirtie; A'<rrA:«,twcntie : An.
tAhanus, feuen moneths : ArtAxerxet LoHgimAntu, fortie : Xerxes, two moneths : St^'
diamu, fcuen : Darim 7v(»ifc»«,eleuen : in all, one hundred and thirtcene.

28 The eight and twcntith, of the Mcndefians ; AmyrtAtu Saites, fix„

39 The nineand tweotith, ^/pW»»«, fix lAchoris, tweluc; PftmrniteSfOnc: T^f-
f herites, two monethu

50 The thirtithjof the Sebennitcs j t^eSiMe^u, eightccnc : Teos^ two : Ne^ancboSf
eighteenc.

3 1 The one and thirtrth,6f the Perfians : ArtAxerxes Ochus, ten : He rec"uered E-
gypt in the fcucntcenth yearcof his raigne : Arf«s,(ome : Danns Cedewannm ,(\x: fub-
dued by Alexander. Hitherto AiAttetho. The whole fumme of whofe one andihirtic
Dynafties amount to fiue thoufand three hundred fiftic and fiue yeares.

5 2 The two and thirtith Dynaftie,of the Macedonians ; Alexander Mig. fiue. Pw*
iem'AHS LAgt, foxt\c : Ptol. Philodelphtu, aght and thirtie ; Ptol, Energetei, fix and twen-
tic : Ptel. PhiUpator, feuentecne : Ptel. Epiphanes ,io\irt and twenty ; Ptol. Phllometor^
fiue and thirtie . ftol, Euergetes 2. nine and twentic .- Tt^l.ThyfconSeuenteenc : Ttel.
Alexander, ten: 'Ptel Cleepatrd, eight; Ptol.DionyftHs, thirtie; Cleopatra, two and
Stn. iitLnde twentic : in all three hundred and one. Someofthefc Ptelemejs made inceftuous ma-
ck. c4 vii. jiagjj yyitii their owne fifters;which it feemes was not vnufuall in Alexandria ; whcrc-
'i'cao "z '<L * "P°'i SenecA fcoffeth, Athenis dimidium licet, Alexandria totnm. Whereupon Turneb^
B.kfew. afiirmeth,that at Athens they might marry their own fiftcis by the father (as Lycurgia

permitted oncly the filters by mothers fide, and forbad to marry with the fathers
c nt All daughter)butat Alcxandria.all fitters were permitted to their hccntious beds.
jheopb'.l;b'.i. If the former Catalogue doc not agree with the relations of /tf/irp^/w, « Tbeophihtt



or



i



C K A p,6 AFRICA, Thefxt ^ooke. 595



or others, who hauc cited feme parts of Manttho in their workcs, it is not much mar-
uellj thcGrarcians being alway audacious, readie topcrucrt Authors to their ownc
purpofes ; befides the oucrfights of Writers, through negligence or ignorance in for-
rcn names. Neither is Manethots word an Oracle who reckoncth fo long time before
any time was rbuteither itistobealcribedtothearrogancic of the Egyptian Pricfts
dcfirous to be accounted no leffe ancient then the Chalda:ans : for 'JBen/ki and Af^ne-
th»(is ifthey had beene agreed) dcriue their Hiftorics from like Antiquitie (faith Sea-
liger out o( Syncellas) which would better 3ppeare,if we had the entire botiies,and noc
a few fcattercd bones of tncir Hifiorics : or ejfe we may afcribe it to their confoiindin'r
ofHiflories, applying to anordcrof Succeffion, thediuersraignes of feuerall Dvna-
flics, which happily gouerned at the fame time in feueral! parts of Egypt, as in fo fmall
a Region as Canaan, lefl^ua deftroyed one and thirtie Kings. This Scaltger f conic6ht- f Can. /C^" / »
reth,£-r^M< S affirnicth.Neither yet is Scabgcr to be blamed for acquainting the world S *-'^' ^mcn.r,
with thcfe fragments of /V.t»f/Ao,confidering that the middle part thereof holdeth ^""^^ I'upi'ofc
not onely likelihood in it felfe, but in great part correfpondence with the Scriptures. If |h fMi^ "'
the Egyptians deuifedotheiwilcto//<'r'o?^o/w and D/oi^<7r«*, it was eafie for them to dicswcler' '
deceiueftrangerSjOrbedecciued themfelues. The likeHiflorie of prodigious Anti- afccnhcCrca-
qmties, A'^^fsfii»e ^ rclatethof an Egyptian Prieft, that told ^/<?.v^Wf;- of the conti- tion,afidfooiie
nuance of the Macedonian Kingdomc eight thoufandyearcs, whereas the Grecians ti'^" ''^^
accounted but foure hundred and fourefcore. Yea.theSctipturcsthcmfelues hauenot Hiftor f '{"^
efcaped that mif-rcckoning of Times; almoftall Antiquitie being carried dovvne the WcrlJ and^^
ftreame of the Scuentielnterpreters, which addc many hundred yeares to the Hebrew Cencbrard.
Text, either of purpofe, as fome' fuppofe, or as AngttHine ^ thinkcch, by crrourof ^^'''"•''I'-u
himthatfirrt copied the Scriptures out of Ptolemeys Library. Ji Dct"i«. Vel

Thatwhich wcreadcoftheDynaftiesof the Shepheards, Scaligtr interpreteth of \'tlouXt' '°*
-that baferferuile fort, which ^o/f/ '^ ti\Cnv>ereabomin»hletotheEgjpians,^nA{ccmt Conccitt.
to haue beene ftrangers,that inhabited fome Fenny places which Nature had* fortified k Vt ciu. Dei
if we beleeuc Helioderia >", and thencemade forrages into the Countrey (the cullome ''^' ' 5* "/>• i5»
of Borderers) and were called therefore i?oi^<ri, Thefe (itfeemcth) dnuentotheir ^ '^"'i/m'J'^'
(hifts,by the hard and tyrannous vfage of the Egyptians, procured (as we reade of the Tdm^hill' *'
Tartars) their ownc freedomc, and thraldome of their Lords. The Romans in their Stat.tib,}.'
times were forced to maintaine a garrifon againft them, therefore called ,e«xox/)eo/.And
/from mcntioncih " the Bucelia,ViheTC no Chriftians d welled.but only a fierceNation. n In vltaHllar.
lofephpu o znd Enfe^iiis thinketheinto bcethelfraelites, which is vnlikely, becaufc '* ^'f-cont. wp.
they lined in feruitude,and neuer raigncd there. Lydiat fuppofcth the Philiftims vndcr ■^''^*' (^^'on^
uihimeUch and Phicel to be the men.

Nothing is more obfcure in the Egyptian Chronologie, theti the time of the de- ^enec"'
fiartuteofthelfraelites thence vnderyl^fl/w, whom /«/?/« p cJIf^rfjrafHimeth out of qXir. coma.
'Dioderm to haue beene the firrt that wrote the Egyptian Lawes. TatiaKiti s zyijfyriKs i^''ac.




Tethmofes: Eufebins < intheraigne oi Ccnchres Cedrfl»M,[a\ihT^t;/oKrHi : Others neroal.Verk.^
• otherwife.according to the diuers interpretation oi M r.Mitho.The Scripture fhcwcth k«w. codom,
it was after foure hundred and thirtie yeares, from the promifc firli made to AbrAham^ ^'''^'^■. ^"f ^•
as all that I know both elder and later, GreekeandLatine Chronographers, except ^'^'''i''' "'"¥'-
Geuebrard 3ivd ^-yidriehomiw, reckonk. Lr^J/^f thinketh that the drowning of the uHi.ai'uM'
Egyptian TW^jff was the caule of thofe tumults in Egypt, about Succcflion, which &c.'
2XC ilcv'ibedto EgyptM :ind Danaiu. Orofiu^ reporteth, that the prints of the Cha- " Omfins ltb.\.
riot-wheeles of the Egyptians, then purfuing the Ifraclites thorow the Sea, did yet in "/'••o-
histimeremaine in th'- fands on the fhore,and vnder- water, vvhichno curiofitie orca- " , 5 ■
fualtie can fo difordt out that Diuine Prouidence doth re-imprint them in their won- £c,fce Aiar"- '
ted forme. ;,7t'/feleutiuh

Hard it is to applie the yeares of the " Egyptian Clironologie, to the true account l'°oketo the ,
of the Worlds Generation, 'oy reafonofthedifagreementof Authors, touchin^the "^^'^^^''^ Ch^p,
Egyptian Kings, vimllSefacs time.- which (after Lydiat) was in the yeare of the ^Zeebiml''

World



59^



The JEgy^tian Chromlo;giep-c. C H a p. 6.



Can.Ifag Ub.z,



7. Among all
th: chirtecr.c
Prouinecsfub-
ied CO the
Chaliphaof
Bagdcc. Egypt
had the fccond
f lace, as Co>J-
fiantimii Por-
pliyrozenittH
-fhcivethoucof
Theoph^ncs.
Confiant. At ad-
utin.Jmp.c.iu
" twcalleth
hifti Ekam.



* Oritnt.m^l.
cap J,



a' Veuc.chm.

& P. Mart. leg.
Bab, to. J.



World ;o2p. although cuen from hence weliauc but flippery footing. Angt-Ftw (af-
ter the fime Author^ made Egypt a Prouince,in the yeare qt;75. Vnder which Roman
gouernment it cocinued vntil the Saracens conquered it, in the time of Omar the third
Chalipha, who began hisraigne, afccr*!i'c4//^frjcompucation, in his Catalogue y of
the Chaliphaes/nithe yeare of Chrirt(?4^. The names of the ^.«/»r/ belong to ano-
ther placc,and it were tedious heere to relate the y cares of their fcuerall raigncs.Of w*«
the fourth Chalipha began in the yeare bfChrift64y. whom the reft fucceeded in or-
der, vntill the ycare 809. And then the Chaliphaes werediuided. >^«t^?/Wraigning
inBagded ^ and To/aw in Egypt^ who died in the yeare ofChrift 88 j. and of the He-
getra lyo. whom fucceeded H.i»«4r;i« his fonnc: and after him his fonne tAharnn,
whom LMuchtaphi the Bagdet-Chalipha flew, about the yeare poy. Afterwards, a-
bouttheyearep^^. ny^chfhtd Mubammtd fonne of T<J«^'raigned in Egypt to whom
a few ycarcs after fucceeded his lonne ty^bigy.d, whom Aie.ix^ Lcdmllkhi of the po-
fteritie of iV:i^r»w<i,^^/&«;wf/J daughter, depriued in the yeare of our Lord pyi, to
whom fucceeded hij fonne Az,iz^, 975. * £/W6^?w», in the yeare t)g6. Et*her Laa»
z,iz,diK lildhi, I o ^ O. A'luUcrAtsjor Billaht, Xb^'(. M::Healc 1 09 5 . Elamir Bahacam I/U-
hi I loi. he wasbutfiu«yearesold: the Protector of the Kmgdoine was t^iphrz/iU
IV!z,ir. Elhafhit Ladtntllaht 1 1 5 5. f/f,spfcdr fucceeded, and he being flainc, /;//!;&«»?,
who died in the yeare 1 \6o. md EtxarltdinilfAhi his fonne vvasthclali ohhe Pheti-
mxan race.To him fucceeded Afareddin Shiravhsch of the family oiAittb (which were
Car^/) after his death /«/<»p/jr~f/<jf«<Ji^<« was conftituted Kingby the C/W/p/),«: and
the Bagded Chaliphaes were againe acknowledged in Egypt.This is that .9-?/iS«i/»i?vhat
tookeicrufalcmjin the yeare of Chrili 1190.7/^^.586. He conquered Mefopotamia,
8cc. he died in the yeare of our Lord 1 1 9 7. And as Cardinall Vtiriaco affirmetn, redu-
ced the fchifmaticall SetSin Egypt, to vniformity with the Baldac Chalipha. £Ufhtz.»l
fucceeded him in theKingdom ot D3mal'cus,yI/?/;f A £lai,iz in Egypt,T<i/jfr Giaz^i'm.
Halep , or Aleppo; /^/f/'<:^ .?//j?.i;5, exchanged Egypt for Damafcus,with his vnkle EU-
</ir/.TheE^yptians made Aphtna/ihci: Kmg,in the yeare of our Lord 1 202.After Ela.
del (vccccdcd Elchamcl i2-ip,who dkA in the yeare ofour Lord \i^'j.Heg.6:,'^,Eff
loch followed:and after him ElmMtttm 1 242. The Turkemcn confpircd againft him.-hc
fled into aTovver of vvood,which they fired.-and halfe burned,hcleaped into a (heame
that paflcd by, and there pcrinicdtTwrrowi?" y4z.sdJw !hib was made King in his place
in the veare ofour Lord 124 5. Heere began thcraigncofthcMamalukcs orflaues.Hc
being flaine, another flauc fucccedcd,whom they czWcd Alelich Elmut^phar.jKis fee-
incthtobehethatI'<focalleth/'/f(rmj>. Thusfarrcontof ^t:*?//^*^, collected by hira
out of Abraham Z»tf/<f/;»,which addeth much light to the Egyptian Hiftoric of thefc
timcSjWherein Icouldncuer before fatisficmy felfc concerning theercdion and alte-
ration of the fchifmaticall Egyptian Chaliphaes .which with much labour (little auai.
line) I had fought.Aif o^«/ ii K/f W/jroBifhop of Accon or PcQlemais aboue fouie hun-
dred yeares fincc, and a Roman Cardinall, irihisOrientallHiftoric * ailirmeth that
HaIj, difdaining to be accounted the fuccefTour of Alahemtt .whom he thought inic-
tiourto himfelfe, began a new fe£l of his ownc, which he crtabhfhed in Egypt,the c-
ther Mahumetans eredrting another at Baldac ; bm Baldac was of a later ctetftioiij and
thcfe things hauc no probabilitic.

Thefc Kings were not called Chalipha's (as the poncricie ofPhfttm.i or FMima)h»i
Sultans. A certainc catalogue of the namcs,timc$,and affaires of thcfe Mamalukf-Sul-
tans, I cannot perfc<31yexhibitc. Tfricerpu ^ nameth in order thefc names; Turaue-
meniu-s, Cothns,'Bendoc-ider, AfelechfnttSlpis, /i^eUchfef.iph,A4clechnafar,Mclcchd.
. del, and after manyothers, Caithbcws, a ftout enemic of the TurkeS ^. Tiiis C*ith-
bems was chofcn Sultan, in the yeare of our Lord 1465. and raigned three andthirtie
yearcs. Two of his principallMamaliikes Achardinznd (^ampfoM,f\i\\o\ emulation,
were a principall caufe of the ruins of that Dynaftic.For whereas the Sultan was aivvay
chofenoutofthcMamalukcs,bymoft voices amongft themfelue?. Camp font kir'mg
left ny^cl^ardin fiiould hauc fucceeded after C'^'^hbetus, fiined that his Mafter had ta-
ken order on his death-bed, that his fonne CMahomet fliould obtaine the roome : and
7fed meancs to cfreft it,both by the voyccs of thofc Mamaiukes he could f'jborne.and

confir-



ChAP.7- a F K. I C a. Thefixt'Booke. 597

■confirmation of their Caliphs, whofchorticstbefeSoldans had ftiortned, abridging his
power, (as before is (aid.) This Mahomet proucd fo cruel a Tyrant, and thofe two Ma-
malukesfo banded thcmrelucs in fa6^ions, that all became confufed, and within fixe
yeares after CanhbeiKi his death the Sultan Throne was fiue times yzaQLTonittmheitis
kiis Mahomet: Camfeus Ciarchefuu is chofen. Z<f»^<«//'*^, Prefident of Damafcus.rebcl-
lcth,3ndby7"c»r»»j^«>«meancsimprifonethhim,andTfurpcththcScepter;butfor his
crueltie foone after is dcpriucd and captiucd by TomumhetM, and after, firangledj Hcc
aUo fuccceding in authovitic, tyrannic, and dcflinic.

hitcvTemnmbchu , waseleded Camffon gaurns, whomZfAw* the Turkeouer- * Joic.Umeur.
threw, and flew in battcll.in whole place an other Tomumbeittt was chofen: but foonc, NanauTtir.&c.
together with his whole ftate.camc into the Turkes power. Thus being diuided in ma-
ny fai^ions among themfelucs, and excrcifing all cruelties and pillages vpon the peo-
ple, =they made thcmfelucs a prey to their neighbour, wholike eyf/c/'/ Vulture, wac- * OftheE-

chcd this o'pponunitie to fcize on thcfc Lions, hauiug now bled out their ftrength in ^^^uT mifery
., I . .. n ,^ ■ I r T J T-L -n rf °L ■, in thcle times,

mutuall and ciuilconflids.in the ycareot our Lord 1517. ihehgyptiansaffirtne''that rcadermo-

a littlcbcfore5(r/.<rTbelicged Cairo , for the fpacc of eight daycs together, a great man, and Mt ft.

numberof Crocc'diles were fcenc in all parts on the bankcs ofNilus, and much dif- eyc-witnefles.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 117 of 181)