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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 118 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 118 of 181)
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pcrfed abroad in the fields, taking and tearing great ftoreofprey, as a prcfageof this bTreatuncof

Tuikifliferuitudc.i'o/;>«<s«fuccecded,intheveareofour Lordi^io. or icao. faso- "j"^"'.^"
4 /-% ,1/- 1 ^^>'iij J. 1 \ ■i ■" modem nmcio

tners lay .; Se/irsithc fecond 1566, Amurat the third i 574. and in tneyeare i jpj. t.j.c , ,.

cji'/<r/j»,'??fr the third, to whom Achmet^\K\\o now is the Egyptian and TurkiHi Soul-

dan.Ofthcfe you may bee more fully informed in Mafter Knotles his Turkilli Hifloric,

as alfo in our former relations.



Chap. VIJ.

of the Oracle of Itipiler^mm«n-^ and efCyrene: and the Re-
gions *di«^m»g.

.thatliethbctwccne Kix\ci Miner and Egypt, <= PompotiimCMeU ^ ,-l d

.u.^ur. :.. :.„I..J; J„.l-„.i.iriv. J ,■ t „,. c iw.i.f.8,

dPlmJ.^c.ii



fo«3«C!Ki^ ftant from Cyrene, by the fountaine ofthe Sunne,and thofe fiue Cities,
Berenice, Arfinoe, Ptolcmais, Apollonia,Cyrenc. This is now called Barca and Mcf-
rata « of which, this is inhabited, and rich : the other is moft- what defcrt .and poore : deoU lo
TheirRcligionwasliketheEgyptiansintimespall.TheArabians.thatliuetherenow Bocm.' '
attcndon thcirpurchafebcingthegieateft thccucs in Afrikc . But this is vfuall to
thcArabiansinallplacisoftheirabode.orwandringrather, for which caufc,itfce-
mcth, Hitrom{mh the word Arabi fignifieth theettes, 2nd is therefore taxed of I)w/«/
inhisO^/^r«/!r/e»j: Arabinotherwife fignifying thceucs, then Chananeus aMar- Druf.ob.l.u.c.
chant, or Chaldius a Mathematician rbecaufefuch commonly were their fiudies and li-Hierin Jer,
courfes. Berenice f was fometime facrcd, famous fct the garden ofthe Hcfperidcs, V*'
ncarctowhichisthatRiufrof X«Affo much chaunted by the Poets. Nigh to this ''"""■^'S'
place alfo arc the Pfylli, a people terrible to Serpents, and medicinable againft their
poyfons both by touching the wounded pattie,and by fuckmg out the poyfon,and by
enchanting the Serpent,

The Oracle ofluptter jimmcn is famous among the Ancient. The place, where this
Temple was hath on euery fide vaft and fandie Defarts,in w hich they which trauelled,
as we find in Arrrianw g and Curtiut, feemed to warrc with Nature, For the Earth was
couercd with fand, which yeelded an vnftable footing , and fometime was bio wne a- S Anian.l.ji
bout with the windie motions of the Ayre ; Water was hence bani{}ied,neyther clouds '''"''•'"*•
nor fprings ordinarily affording it. Afieryheatedidpoflcflcand tyrannize oucrthe
place, which the fands and Sunnc much encrcafed. Neyther was here tree, or hill, or
other marke for Traucllcrs, to difccrnc their way, but the ftarrcs. In the middle of this

Defartj




598



Of the Oracle of Jupiter ^<c^c.



Chap. 7



k The fortune-
telling Groue,

1 Lucan calls
■ tViem, dra-
maitcsjib.e).
Tcm^lum Lyhi-
cis q-iod genti-
biisvnum.ln-
adit Garnman-
teshitbcnt,ftat
Cotaigcr illic,
&c.
m Vmb'dicui.



B Scal.E.T.
/(&.j./ii2,4o).



Dcfart, was that facred Groue (which Stlifu Italicus calleih '' Lucus fatidicusjaot a-
boue fiftie furlongs in circuit, full of fruit-bearing trees , watered with holefomc
fprings, feafoned with temperate aire, and a contlnuall fpring. The inhabitants.callcd
Ammonians ', are difperfed in Cottages,and haue the middcll of the Groue fortified
with a triple wall. The firft munition containeth the Kings Pallacc ; the fecond, the
Serail or lodgings for his woinen,whcre is alfo the Oracle ; the third the Courtiers in-
habit. Before the Oracle is a Fountaine, in which the offerings were waflied before
they were offered. The forme of this God was deforrr.ed with Rammes homes croo-
ked,as fome paint him -. according to Curtius, without forme of any creature, but like
a "> round Boffe.befet with Jewels. This, when they confult with the Oracles, is car-
ricdby thePriefis in a gilded rhip,with many f.luer bc'ls on both fides of the Ihip. The
Matrons follow, and the Virgins Iniging their dif-tuned Proccflion, by which they
prouoke their God to manife(T what they feeke. Thefe Prices were about fouiefcorc
in number. \<4/f.v<«»i^frj ambitious Pilgrimage to this Oracle, is fufiiciently knownc
by the relations oiCurtius and Arrutnsts. This wee may addc out of Scaliger, " That
aftcrthat, the Cyrena^ans to fooththi^ proud King, which would needs be taken for
thefonneof e^wwow, ftampedhisfliapeintheir coynes, with two homes of a Ram,
and without a beard : whereas beforethey had vfed the forme of Iupiter\\\i\\ a beard
and homes ; wherein the other Eafterne people followed them. The Syrians vfed the
like ftampe with thenamc of King Ljfimachtis ^which Scaligcr (who hath giuen vs'_thc
pi(Surei of thefe coines ) thinketh to be Alexander.

Rammes homes are (aid to be afcribed to him.becaufe "Bacchus wandering in thcfc
defarts with his Armic.was guided to this place by a feelie Rammc.Likcwife Pauj^mas
o HI his Aleffcnica faith,that one Amman (which built the Temple) a fhephcard , was
Author of this name to their God. Plutarches ? reafon of Amus we haue before fhew-
ed. ©thers q deriuc this name from K't^i^®- the fand; which may well agree with alll-
dol-dcuotion,as being a/4w<^/9«»<ii«tje«,although it is here intended to thcfituation.
r But that which 1 haue before noted of /J<J»» the fonnc of '2\(0'«/j foundeth morepro-
bable,as being Progenitor ofall thefe Nations; and of this minde alfo h^Teuceras,
This,' Strabo in his time faith was not in requefl, as no other Oracle befides. For the
Romanes contented themfelues with their Sthtlh and other diuinations. This Oracle
was not giuen by wordjbut by fignes. This defcfl ofOrades in general!, and cfpeci-
Sunne : liifiter ally of thisjoccafioncd that Treatife ofPlutArch " of this fubied, enquiring the caufe
idem quiStl, of the Oracles fayling.Neucr had heread ihiX.'^ the (j edswhich hdd not m*de heauen anei
^^"j^ '^""^."'^' earth fhihldfertfh out of the earth : nor had he eyes to fee that Sunne of Righteoufncfle,
• T^lix miaU heb, ^^^ ''S^' of the wcrld^whofe pure beamcs chafed and difperfed thefe milTs of darkncs.
/ii.j. And therefore are his coniejfures fo farre from the maike, as not able witha naturall

r Peuc'ir.deVt- eye to fee the things of God.The )' zntiquitie of this Oracle appeareth/in that Semiramis
tiinat. came to it,and inquired of her death; after which, the Oracle promifcd to herdiuinc

honours. Befides this Groue,^ there is another of y^wjKc^.which hath in the middcft a
Well,they call it the fountaine of the Sunnc.whofe water at Sun-rifingis lukc-warroc,
and cooleth more and more till none,at which time it is very colde :, and from thence
till midnightjby degrees exchangcth that coldencffe with heate,holding a kindc of na-
turall AntipathywiththeSunne,hotteftinhis furtheftabfencc,coldeft inhisneareft
prefencs. ?/;««> and i'fl//««j place this fountaine in Debris,aTowne not very farre from
ihofe parts amongfl the GaramaDts.L»aft/«j mentions it,and Philofophically difpu-
teth the caufe thereof.



o Vaufan.li,,

p DcOf.&Jf.

fup.c.i.

q Plinie, Chtul,

r Driifusii-
deth another
reafon of the
name Hamma,
the Egyptian
name of the



t StiabAy.

u ?lutJe defee.

One.

% lerem.io.ii,

y Diid.Sic.l.^,

eap.S'

z Curt, ibidem,

Vompon Mdi.

Vlm.SoH»,&c.



Lumt.l.f,



-ttimirum ttrrx magis quod



Rara tenet circum huncfontem, cjudm cetera telhis,
iJ^Ifilta^jfuntigniipropefemtfiacerpuiaquaic^c.

The fubftance whereof is,that the firc,vnder that fubtilc earth by colde vapours of the
night is preffed and forced to thatwaterie refuge, but by the Sunne beamcs receiuing
new encouragement/orfaketh thofc holdes and holes, and for a little while takes re-
poffeflion of his challenged landcs. TheAramonian women haue fuch great breafts,

that



Chap.7- AFRICA. ThefixfBooke. 599

that they fiicklc their children oucr their fliouldcr; their brcaft not lefle, if IuKenalhz
belccucd, then the childc ;

In Meroe crAjfo mxierem infante mum'tlUm,

In Meroe, the monftrous Pappe
Ij bigger then the childe in la^pc,

PaHfuMiM p rcckoneth an Ammonian 7*»* among the Libyan deities, as well as f Paufmjlb,^,
ihii Jxpiter. He addeth, the Lacedemonians had this e^«»»7<?» in much rcqueft, and
built to him diners Temples, as at Gytheum one, which had no roofe : and the Aphy-
tzans did him no Icflc worfhip then the Libyans,

OrteltM q whohathbeftowedaDcfcriptionofthisTcm'plc, fuppofech that his I- q inTyjitEx-
magc was painted with homes, but that VmbiLcHi was accounted the Deitic it fclfe, ff*"»«.«, ^U
orthcfigncof hisprefence, which niapclcflefhapc hee famplethby many like in o- '*'''^'
ther Nations. ThcShippeheconiefturcthto fignifie, that the Religion was brought
from fome other place. ^ui\i ty4mmo>i bceihatfonneof ^<»6, it might rather bee
aracmorialloftheArkc, wherein A7^(?rf^ and his fonnes were preferued: as that alfo
oilanui, (who is imagmed to bee T^ab) may more fitly be interpreted, then accor-
ding to the Poets Gloflc :

r Sic ho»a foneritMpuppimf0rmautt i» £rc, ^ p^j ^^^^

HefpttuaduentumteUificutdDet.

So well-difpos'd Pofteritie did frame

A fhip, to (hew which way \!at\x Jlratige God came.

The ancient frugalitic of the Cyrenlans is commended in Authors *. Sulpititu " Seu.Sulpit:
bringeth in TeSiumianta, in his Dialogues, telling, That landing there by force of D"'»g- f »'«/«-
weather, hee went with the Prieflvnto the Church, which was veric homely, couc- '«^'^-^''"'*f'
red with bafetwigges or boughes, not much better then the Prieft (their holte) his ^'''S'"*''^'
Tent, in which a man might not ftand vp-right. Enquiring after the difpofition of the
people, they learned, thatthey were vtterly ignorant of buying and felling, of fraud
andftealing. They neither had, nor cared to haue. Gold or Siluer; and when hee of-
fered ten pecces of Gold to the Pricft,hc rcfufed it : oncly was content to accept a lit-
tle rayment.

The Hammientes arc not much dittant in place, or differing in name, from the Am-
monians; which build their houfesofSalt, digging the falt-ltone$ out ofthcMoun-
tainesjwhichthey with morterapplie to their buildings. (JiteU ioyneth to thcfe a-
forefaid the vifr/<<«/«, which curfe the Sunne at the fetting and rifing, as bringing da-
flirage to them and their fields. Apraflifenot vnlikcto the women of Angola at this
day, who (as y^Wr;w'2^n/^,tDy friend, told me) falute the new Moone when they
firftfeeher, by holding vp their hinder-parts naked againft her, as the caufe of their
troubltfomemciiftruous purgation.

Thefeft/^f/<«»rw haue no proper name?, nor feede of fuch things as haue fife, Hee
sffirmeth of the GaramaKtes, that they had no wiueis, butliued ina beaftlycommu-
nitic. The t/iugiU acknowledge no other Gods but Ghofts, or Soules departed,
by which they fweare; with which they confulcas Oracles j to which they pray at
their Tombcs, receiuinganfwercsby dreames. The women the firft night of marri-
ageareproflitutcd to all that will fee them, the more the greater honour, but after,
muftoblerue their owne husbands. The Troj^^lodiu dwell in Caues, and feede on Ser-
pents, and rather make a found or noyfe, then humane voycc : they vfed Circum-
cifion: they named not their children by their Parents names, but by the names of
flieepe, or other beaftes which yeeld them nourifhmcnt. Their wiucs and children
(faith Jgat bar chides) are common: onelytlie Kings wife is proper; yet if any had
lycn with her, his punidiment was but the loUe of a fliecpe. In their Winter they
liucon bloud and milke which are mixed and heated together at the fire. In their

F f f Summer.



6oo



Of Cyrene^iTC.



Chap. 7.



' Procop.de Bel.
Vcrf.lib.u



Summer they kill the fcabbed and difeafcd of their Cattcll , They entitle none with the
name of Parents, but the Bull and Cow, thcRammeandEwe, and the male and fe-
male of the Goates, becaufe of thcfethcy recciue their nourifhmcnt, and not from
their parents. They goe naked all but the buttockes. Such as want that skinne which
others circumcifc (koaoCw) they depriue of the whole flcfh, fo farrc as the circumcifi.
onfhould haue extended. Their fupcrall rites werc,to tyc the necks of the dead to their
Icgges, and couer them with heapes of ftones, fetting a Goats home on the toppe,
with laughter rather then mourning. Their old men which can follow the flockcs no
longetjthcy ftrangle with an Oxe-taile,which medicine they miniftcr likcwife to thofe
that haue grieuousdifeafes, or maimcs. Andvntothefc dothTZ/w^ adde the "J/^w-
w/<e, with faces in their breafts,the St>tyres,ty£gypanes,Himautepedes, and other njon.
flers.fcarcc worthie relation or credit.Tf he(e parts I haue thus ioyned in one Difcourfe,
asliuing(forthemoftpart)avvildelife, as the Arabians and Tartars doc at this day:
andforReligionhauingnothingnotablethat Ifinde, but as you haue heard. PToc<y»
fiHf * writcth of the Blemyes and Nobati, that /«/7;«w» placed them in Egypt, a-
bout Elephantina ; that they before cbferucd the Greekcs Deuotions, fjis alfo andO-
(trt^, and Priapiu, and facrificed to the Sunne ; which Rites the Empcrour prohibited.
But he mentions no fuch monfters as you haue heard. The Arabians which vnder EL
cam about the faure hundreth ycare cf their Hegeira gaue a ducat a man to paflc into
Africkc, arc Lords and inhabitants of the dclertstothisday, liuing (aswcefay) 4
Dodges life, in hunger and eafe, profeffing Mahr^mcts Se&s.

"Thcityidnm.'.chfda f liucd neare to the Egyptiansbothinfituation andcuftome.
The Naptmones had many wines, with which they bad company pubhkely. The firft
night of the marriage, all theguefts had dealing with the Bride, and rewarded her
with feme gift. The Gnidanes had a more beaftly cufiomc, whofc vi omen glory ttig in
r^riryi^wf.vvarefomanyfringcsof leather as they had found Loucrs. The (iMAcb.
lyti ware the haire on the hinder part oftheir head, as the laponians now doe.The Ah-
ftsykd the contrarie : whofc Virgins in the ycarely Featt o( cMiaerua, diuidcd
themfelucs into two companies, and skirmiflied with ftaues and ftones. If any Vir-
gins died of the wounds, they accounted them falfcmaidcs. ThemoftmartiallfO'-
rage of the company, they arme and crowne, and place in a Chariot, with great fo-
Icmnitie. They vfcd not marriage, but had women in common : the childebeingrec.
iconed his with whom (he chufcd to liue. To adde a word of the Cyreniurs, they held
itvnlawfull to fmitc a Cow, in honour of IJis, whofe Fafts and Fcafts they foiemnely
obferued : and in Barca they abftained both from Bcefe and Hogges flcfli. They fea.
red ' the crownes or temples of their children, to prcucnt the dillilling of the rbeume*
In their facrihcing, they firft cut off the earc of the beaft , as firft fruits, and hur-
led it ouer the houfc. Their gods were the Sunne and Moone. The Maxtt (haue the
left fide of their heads, leaning the hairc on the right fide. The Zigantts fcede on Apes,
whereof they haue plentie.

The ^<'^<*«4rwmake no account of Sepulchres, in ftead whcrcofthey couer the
corps with ftones, and fet vp a Goats home on the ftonc-heape. They haue many
skirmifhcs for their paftures, which ate ended by the mediation of old women, who
may fafcly intcrpofe themfelues, and end the fray ( or battell, if you will To call it.)
When men are fo old that they can no longer follow the herds, they ftrangle him
with a Cowcs tayle, if hec will not preuent them by doing it himfelfe. The like me-
dicine they adminifter to ftich as arc dangeroufly ficke. Of the Macd, Cditu thinkes
the Romane Priefts borrowed their fhauen crownes. Other things which our Au-
thors adde of thefe people and others adioyning, as fecmingtoo fabulous,! lift not
toexpreflc.



r J». Boetn,
G . Draudiiii in
Solirittm.
C<eliui Rhtid.
l;b.i*.caf.si.



t The like
doth l^iUammt
reporc of the

Tiirket.



CHAf.



C K A P.8- AFRICA. Theftxt 'Booke. 60 1




Chap. VIII.

of that part tf Barbaric, now called the K'wgdomes ofTu-
»U and Tripelii.

LL the Trafl of Land, bctwccne Atlas and the Sea (ftictching in
length from Egypt to the Straits) is » called Barbaria, either oi Bar- a Ltolib.i.
h^r (which fignifietKto murmure) bccaufe fuch fcemcd the fpeech of b Maginns.
the Inhabitants to the Arabians, or of the word B4r, which fignificth
a Dcfcrt doubled. It comprchcndeth *> both Mauritania's, Z^fricA
C^iwer, Lihy/i Exterior, befidcs Cyreniaca and Marmarica, whereof
wchaue Iboken. The Inhabitants fomc fetch from Paleftina, fome from Arabia. It
was conquered by the Romans, and taken from the GreekeEmperours by the Van-
dals, and from them againc by the Saracens and Arabians, and is now partly fubieft to
the Turke, partly to the Xerift'e. ItisvfuallydiuidedintofoureKingdomes,Marocco,
Feffe, Tremilcn, and Tunis ; for of Barca is faid alrcadie. The Cities of Barbarie (it is
lof.Scaltger * his tcftimonie)fpeakeArabike, but not pure, noryet fo degenerate as " lof.Scal. Ep.
the Italian is from the Latinc: but the Countrcy-peoplcyfc the old African tongue, adcafiub.
nothing like the other.

The Kingdome of Tunis containeth all that which the Ancients called j^frica Pro.
fris,or Minor, and Numtdu Antiqua. The Soyle is fertile, cfpecially the Weft-part.
The Inhabitants are found and heakhfuU.feldome vexed with any ficknefle. Hereof arc
reckoned fiuc parts ;Bugia,Conftamina,Tunis,Tripolis and Ezzab.This Ezzab is the
moft Eafterly part.hauing many Townes and Regions,among(t which, fome account
Mefrata. From thefe parts vnto Capes,is the Tripolitan Region. The chiefeTowne is
Tripolis, wherein the Great Turke hath his Baffa, or Vice-roy,a receptacle of the Py-
rats, which roue and rob in thofe Seas ; in the yearc 1 5 5 1. wonne from the Knights of T^k, Nk. was
Miikihy SinanEaf a. From Capes to Guadilbarbar is the Tunctan Territoric. From there prefcnc.
thence vnto the Mountainc of Conftantina is that Region,hcrcof bearing name : and
fromthence ' to the Riuery^/<«#r,about an hundred and fiftic miles fpace,dothBugia cLeo,lih.i,
extend ic r?lfe,fo called of Bugia '' the principallCitie,fometime adorned with Tern- d Bugiaan
pies, Hofpitals, Monafteries, and Collcdgesof Students in the MahuiiKtan Law. Vniuerfitic.
HccreisaIi'oNccaus,averypleafantCitic; and Chollo, very rich. Conftantina is an
ancient Citie containing eight thoufand families.andmany fumptuous buildings, a
great Temple, two Colledgcs, and three or foure Monafteries, muchreforted toby
Merchants. Euery trade hath their peculiar ftreets. A little from the Citie is a hot Bath,
hauing in it abundance of Crab-fiftics, or little Tortoyfes, which the women take for
cuillfpirits, and afcribe vnto them the caufc of their ficknefle, or ague, if any befall:
and therefore kill white Henncs,and fet them on an earthen veflell,with their feathers,
enuironing the fame with little waxe-candles, and fo leauc them neere to this Bath, or
Fountaine. How euer it fare with their Feuer, their meat (hall not ftay long, but fomc
or other that fee the womens deuotion,will cnuie the euill fpirits fo good chearc, and
for that time will be the fpirits themfelues, to drefle and eat their prouifion. Not farrc
hence is a Marble building, with Images grauen therein : the people haue a conceit,
that it wss fomctime a Schoole,and thofeScatucs the Schollers, by diuine iudgemcnt
fo transformed for their wickedneffc.

In this Region is fuuated Bona, fomctime called Hippo, famous through our Chri-
flian World for the moft famous of the Fathers, that fincc the Apoftles daycs haue left
vs their writings,A vrblivs AvGvsTiNvs;a name fitting to him,which in-
deed was AureM and AugHlliJJimw, Bifliop of this Sea, while he liued; and yctli-
uing (in his Works) a Biftiop, not of Hyppo, but of the ffeBerne Church. PVttty Lear- .
ttdffVife.ind Holy Father,that haft with thee carried thefe Titles fromHippo : where,
afterthee, the Arrian Vandals, and fincc, the Saracens, haue lined and Lorded, and at
this day is poffcffed of fuch as haue no pofleflion of fVit, Learmtig,fV»fdome, or Helt-
"'jl/* : but haue teftified their banifhmem of all thefe, by afcribingthemto foolcs and

madde



6ol Of Tunis and Tripolis. Chap. 8.

c Kic, Nictlay, rfiaddc men, whom they honour and admire as Saints. ' This Eena (then brooking
''&-T. this name better) containeth now three hundred Hcithcs, and a fumptuous Moiquc

f ^!^^' g"'''«|» to which is adioyned the houfe of the f f ^Z.

^lurlmtccedcns. Tunis is flow i great Citie, fiiKc the ruinis of Carthage, heere vnto which it flan-
hiac m.]ri, ind'e deth. Carthage ^ (as the more ancient) deferuethfirft relation: of which, we may yet
lacu maxima lay with S^lufl *, Stlere melimjiHte cjuam farum dicere: we may not fay much, and a
fd j/arteangi- j^jig ^jn [,^ too link for fuchgrcatneflc. It was built threfefcorc and tweluc yearei
^Ah ?HnVur before Rome, as the common account gocth, by D/<^oandher % Phccnicians: an e.
pi'tetjladix z%. mulous competitor with Rorrc of the Empire of the World. Itcontained (faith I'D-
Jia^e^inhu'm rofim) in thecicuit of the wslles twentic miles ;Lr«»fi Epitome faith,foure and iwen-
•jpiti] latere, tie; all engirt with the Sea, except three miles fpace, which had a wall of fquatcd
qiiodvtriitad floue^thirtie foot broad, and fortic cubits high. The Tower Byrfacnuironedabouc
dkalb vrbe in- ^^'^'° rn'lcs, and had in it the Temples of /««», t/£fcnUfiw, and ' Belns, Of the great-
terualio: inal- nefleof their name and power, thofe three Punike warres are witneflcs j inthcfecond
iero fecundurn of which, >4««;^<}/ (whom his father Hami/car, ihcn Gcnerall in Spainc,had caufcd to
lui/m eflTiines. f>vearc at the Altar of /«/>;f(rr,neuer to hold fricndHiip with the Romans. he then bcin"
Folyb.HiftM I. ljutn!neyearesoId,ase^w<7/i*f'7'r9^>«, or as other will hauc it, Cerntliui 7{efos rc-
» Belli lutmth. porteth : ) he, I fay, pafled oucr the Pyrentan Mountaines,through France, and buer
g Pxrii^ q^aft the Alpcs,into Italy, with an armie of an hundred thoufand foot-men,and thirty thou-
Tbxm, ' fand horfe. The Riuers Ticinus and Trebia, the Lake Traftmetim (running w ith Ro-
h P.O)'of/.4 li. manbloud, by three ouerthrowes of 5c-/;>/o, Sempfonitu, and F/4«»/>»//« the Roniaa
inTI'auhrT Confuls) 'vitncfled the Punike might K But the viftorie at Canna: againft Varrt did
the Temples pierce the breaft, and had rent the heart of Rome, had A»mbal knowne to hauc vlei
of Ime.Mcmo- the viiftorie as well, as to haue gotten it. There did Rome feeme to breath her laft : the
rk,Afollo,Silm Sunne, the Winde, the Dufthelping the Carthnginian with Naturesforce$;yea,the
addeth of Elift j^i^gj. Qellus, again(t Nature, flayed it felfc, as congealed indeed, whether with won-
cdeiiii ot^ra- der, tcarc, or neceflitie, accepting a Bridge or Damme rather of Roman bodies fort
rwjthc'phoeni- paiTage to the African Armie.Thefe were golden dayes to Carthage, when three * bu.
cian Ajiroanhe iTiels of Gold-Rings, taken from the fihgets of the flaine enemies, were fcnt hither at
^Syrhvca, 3 prcfent '. A fwounemeane-whiledidRomeiuftainejandcafilyinfiuedayestnight
., e lu- /f^^;,,^^/ haue dined in the Capitoll : and poorehcipe could fhcfinde when fhereui-
and eieatncffe ued, had not Capua, with feaflingthe Conquerour detained Rome from Conqueft,
the Romane when they defpoileci the Temples for Armour, armed theirflaues, arid beftowed their
Hiftoriesaie priuate ftatc on the pubhkeTieafuric : all which could not make F<i^/*m '" fightwith
full: foalfo tyinaib^Lhui by not fighting he learned to ouercome, knowing, that a fliield was
thei-s'amone" ^^"" weaponthen a fword in that cafe. Scarce " in feuenteeneyeares could Italy
the Greekcs. fliakc off this burthen, till .Jf/po by new policie warred ag3in{t//<f»»/^<j/, not in " I-
Bfant tunc tern- taly, where he was, but in Africke and Carthage, whence his force was ; thereby pro-
fom Carthagi- curing Anmhats returne, as the outward members are forced to yeeld their bloud, to

/mZIT ^""°"' '"y ^"''''^" oPPrf ^'on °^' ^^^ h"rt.

Afiicx ti-duin- But how is my heart opprefled with fudden pafifion, thus to tranfport the Reader,
tixjdmtic no- with my fclfe, from Africke into Spainc, France, Italy, there to behold this Tragedie?
ftrumfitxai-'hi- Let the matter it felfe anfwerc : and now we are returned to Carthage, andfindethe
Umrumarj, Tragedie heere. For in the third Punike warre the Romans (faith P F/oru/) father
^'"!il,! c!}!!"' fought With the Crtie it felfe then with men. And alas, what could that Herinaphro-
ad c«Uimn,is dite-armie doe, wherein were fine and twentie thoufand armed women s ? Yet had
xfqus Herculu : women then the greater courage : HafdrHbal the King yeelded. His wife, with her



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 118 of 181)