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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 119 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 119 of 181)
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quod Ipitium two children, and much people,burned themfclues in the Temple of t/£/f«/^p««,th«
'n''d: >'T^°t I ^°"l'^"°t'^"''Cthisdifeafeot his Citie and fuppliants; thelikefate befalling the firft
Ttdemfretoad ^"'^ laft QiLccncs of Carthage. Seuentecnc dayes together did Carthage burnc, feueij
cohmmtutn. hundred ycares after the firf^ building.
ie<fjff emnem 0-

ram H:(pjr>u ful/cgcyantvfiiiic dd I'yren^os.Po'yb.Hifl. Iib.'},caf.i9. ' Medij. 1 VoIyb.l^.c.\i.&feq.cxtTi>7ipt'mtCiM-
fiboni,&Romambilloricilcre»mncs,h£cl''cite. m Ciin5liior, n Stad.in Thrum, o Hannibal in Jttiliafemperfuptrmrt
qiio.lniji domicitiiumfiiirum inuidmdcbttitatiis efflt, Romanm vidclurfMperarepetuifj'e. JEmil. Globus in Hann.bale. p lib.i.
caj>.\$. q Ofir.lib.^ cup.iT,. i I'rejperttateacfecaritatercyHmconuptumonbusplut nccmJJ'e monpetut'limilh iiierfii,
quumpiiUi iiocitent tamdiu tiditerU Urtnago. AiigitU. dt Cii(.Dci,lib.i, ca^.n.

la



Chap. 8. AFRICA. Thejtxt^ooke.



603



In this laft warre, after they had dchiicred vp thcirNauic and weapons, being com-
maunded to rcmouctcnnc miles from thence, Anger kindled new forces, and taught
them tofuppiy the want of yron, with Silucr and Gold, in making weapons, with pul-
lingdownetheirhoufestobuildaNauic, the Matrons giuing their hairc (the femi-
nincOrnament) to make bands for their manly and warlike Engins; their priuate glo-
rie,forpubrikenectflitic;a!l which fcruedbutto augment thcpompe of this funcrall
of Carthage. ^-</'ir did after reftore it with a Roman Colonic, ncuer attaining the Ty-
ri»n» glorie,affli'aed with Vandals and Gothes , and by the Saracens made defolace,
vntill the time oiE/mahJi, an hercticall Ca/ipha who procured the reinhabiting hereof.
But not aboue the twentieth part was inhabited-Thc red renjainech as fcattered ruines,
difperfed bones of the carkaffe ofold Carthage. Maflcr Pountejfe, a friend of mine.told
mee, That he hath bcene rowed in his Boat oucr the wals of Carthage, or their ruines,
the Sea hauing made the lafl conqueft by eating into the Land. The Conduits arc
whole (faith Leo) which bring water from a Hill thirtie miles from Carthage , tweluc
miles vnder the Earth, the reft aboue. And now (faith he) arc not aboue fine and twen-
tie fhops and fiue hundred houfes therein, one faire Temple, one College, but without
Schollers, the inhabitants poore,proud>and fuperRitious. Mafter "" Euejhim faith. That
this Citie is now ruinated and dcflroyed. He mcntioneth thcle Arches wherein water
was hither conueied, and one Iheet three miles long.

As fortheSea-difcouerics attempted by the Carthaginians, Hanm compaded
'allAfricafromtheSpanifh to the Arabian Straits, and commitcd hisdifconeries to
writing; Ihmilco at the fame time was employed in the fcarch oi^moyc.'Dteiisrus Si-
chIh3^ writeth a whole Chapter of their difcouerie of a plealant and fertile Hand Weftr
ward, in the Ocean, which cannot fitly agree v ith any other Region then fome part of
the Weft-Indies. And fomeethinkc, that the Indians of America were a Colonic of
tbc Carthaginians. AriHotle hath alfo the like relation in his Bookc 'De admtrai^dii
AHdittonib. In the beginning of the Warre f they had three hundred Cities in Libya,
and fcuen hundred thoufand pcrfons in their Citie.

The Carthaginians (as all acknowledged and their very name Pa?ni doth proouc,
S/verc Phznicians : which Countrie we hauc before fLcwed to bee famous, as for many
totber things, fo for the firft letters and thefirft (that is, the Hebrew) language. The
letters which the Hebrcwes fince.the Babylonian Captiuitie haue sk6,PofteUHs%v;o\i\A
haue tobethcfirft, butfecrettill thofe times , andthcnby£t,r4 made common : but
Mothers more probably hold the Phoenician or Samaritan the firft: and that the prefcnt
Hebrew were the Aflyrian or Chaldian Charaflers, which the lewes brought thence
with them. Now forproofe that their ancient languague was Phcrnicean and confe-
quently Hebrew:D'^!'isbutthe feminine faith Scahger^ to 21<»«i^ : and £///*! is the
Hebrew Elifl:>ah. lofephm tcUteihoui of ThecphraJlK^ that the Tyriansand Sidonians
might not vfe other but their owne Countne oaths, of which heereckoneth^or^^w,
which the Scriptures alio mention. And Scaliger faith that the Puftike Scene in Plautut
his P^w/*^ (although they had then much declined from the Hebrew puritic) isnee-
rer the Hebrew then the Syriake, and that hee coulde for the moft part reftore it to the
right Punike.Oftheir'5/trf//<<wf« and other notes of this language, wee hauc fpokcn
before in our firft Booke.

Alleadging alfo the tcftimonie of Precopua for the Chanaanitcs fleeing before fa-
P;>ta, and the Punikes faith Augufline ' called themfelues (cuen in his time) Channni.
5»?/«ij!,3fcr;bethto the Phoenicians, Htppo, Hadrumetus, Leptu 2nd other Cities on
the Sea- Coaft, befides Carthage, which they built eythcr to enlarge their Empire , or
ropreuent a fulnefte at home.

Tunis k was a fniallTowne.til after the deftruftion ofCarthage it grew in fome rec-
koning (as before is faid.) It hath in it about tenne thoufand Houfchoids, Abdul AIh-
WMioyned it to his Kindgome ofMatocco. And when that Kingdomc declined ' ,thc
Vicc-roy (which before was fubieft to Marocco) now vfurpedthe State to himfelfc,
calling hmifelfe King ofAfrica.In our Fathers <^dzyes, Alfiletijfej, foime o( Mahtmet,
Kingot Tunis (by murthcrof his eldei brother .M«<to»», and eythcr killing or putting



alciJ.^-



bAp.Hal^.



c Kamuf. fliev/
eih, by a com-
ment alfo of a
Portugal Pile":
that this was
hutcoafting
the weft pare
of Afrikc.eS^i:-
dD!o.Sic.l.s,c.J
e Gen. Chron.



^PefteLdebrU

tjnib .

h ScaUd Euf, '

Chron.

BreicdcPond.

Sctlp'okgad



Fff



out



iExpof.mbcatt
ad Rom.
Salnfl.Utgurlb.
k Gecrge Braica
hath defcribcd
this and Airier,
&c in chit.
Orb.Ter.
\Leo,l.^.
m Shiil.com.l.f
Ff.Sui-.Com.
Veiliorii,



do4



Of Tunis and Tripoiii.



Chap. 8.



iDthncexfedl-
tme "DiariHffi
Jiinpfit Jom
Etrdbm,



b Smtu camm.



cl^ieUctp.gox,



iLeoi.S,



; Magme.



(M:tcas 01

Ciiron HiJpJit.
Kod.Telet l.}.\9
h Rod Sant'.ui
hiJi.Hi.p.i.c.^j.
Alfonfa Cr.rtbu-
gcni f.44.Fc.
Tarapi.-7ila-



out the eyes of twcntic other bis brethren) obtained the Crownc.But T^ofette the only
brother rcmaining,whcn with his Arabians he could not gainc the Kingdome.hc went
with "Burbartfa to Stlymnn the Turke, who fo vfcd the matter , that (JMuUaffes was
chafed out of his Kingdomc, and Tunis fubiedcd it felfc to Solman, But tJ^IuUajfet
craued and obtained aide of CW/r/ the fift, who in theyeare 1 5:55. pafled* with an
Armie into Africkc, and rcpoflcflcd Multdjfes of his Kingdome, who became the Em-
pcroursVaflall.

OurHiftoriestcIlof £^»'<jr</thcfirft his arriuall at Tunis, and Bitirie the fourth
with Englifli Archcrsjat both which times the Tunetancs were forced to compofition.
It was. before cythcr of them were Kings. FretfArt^for Henricy hath his Sonne Ithn de
"Bcaufen.

Mu/eaJfes,thout the yeare i <;^/^. crofTcd ouer the Sea into Sicily, leauinghis fonne
-/^w»;i;^<<inthegouernment''. The coftlinefle of his dyet was admirable, and of his
Perfumes, One Pcacockc and two Phefants, drefled after his order, were obfcrucd to
amount to a hundred Duckats and more. He wasafuperftitious obferucr of hisRcli-
gion, and of the Starres which portended to him the lolTe of his Kingdome, and a mi-
fetableend, Toauoid this, he departed out of Africa (for fcarcof5<jr^<«r«jf^)butfo
fell into the danger. Arumour was fpread at Tunis, that hec was dead; whereupon
^OTf^itpoflcflcdhimfelfc of the Kingdome. ^w/^rfj/r^haftedhometorccoucritjand
loft himfelfe : for he was taken Captiuc,and after both his eyes put out with a burning
knife, and of his two fonnes Nahafar and Abdalas hce was committed to prifon. Bub
ft/^^<J<?wf/*ff6 his brother got the Kingdome froih tyimida , andfoone after died, to
whom fucccecded Mahomet his,fonne,a child; whofe Tutors were fo tyrannicall.that
^wiiisf^wasagaincfentforby theTunetans, and ^w/^^jf/^; is brought to Sanduatic,
whence by the Spaniards meanes hee was coriucyed to Guletta, and thence to Sicilia,
where hec was maintained at the Empcrours charge '^. He dcriued his Pedigree from
the Chorcan Family, in right line from HtmMr, Mahomet s Difciplc. tAmida obtained
the Kingdomc, thus toffed betwixt Moores, Tutkes, and Chrifiians, but was after ta-
ken and fcnt prifoner to Sicilia, MAhomet(\:>rot\\zxo^ nyitnida, now a flaue in Si-
cilia) was made King of Tunes, vndcr the Spaniard , i<^y!,.hy Den Ihottoi Auftria:
but the next yeare after, .S<'/;»»theTurketookc Guletta, holdcn by the Spaniards al-
moflfortieyeares; and at lafttookc Tunes alfo: MAh$m<t the new King wasfentto
Conftantinople prifoner.

It hath(faith A Leo) many Tcmplcs,efpecially one of fingular beautie and greatncffc,
furnifhcdwithfloreofPrieftsandReuenueralfo, manie Colleges of Schollers, and
Monaftcries of Religious perfons, ro which the people yceld liberall alaies. They arc
fo befooled, that they cfteeme fooles Saints : and while I was at Tunis the King built
a fairc Monaflerie for one 5/^« */ P^A* (which went vp and downc with his head and
feet bare, hurling floncs, and crying like a maddc man) endowing the lame with great
rcuenue for him and all his kindred. ,,;'«

RifertaisanAuncientCitic, fuppofed'by fometobcc Vtica,wh4^c C4/« flew

himfelfe.

Cairaoan hath beenc a Citie famous, built by H«ir^<<, Gencrall ofthc warrej of Ox.-

men, or Otman , the third Calipha, thirtie fixe miles from the Sea , and fromTunis
lOo. tofecutethcmfeluesfromany fuddaineinuafion, which the commoditieof the
Sea might caufethem. He built therein an admirable Temple,on pillars of Marble.To
f:?«(r^<iiDthisgouernmentfucccded ^ M»fe, cowhom /?i/j<««<MEarleofCcptaofi:c.
red his feruicegfortheconqueftofSpainc,and being found faithfully vnfaithfull with
fome few Souldiers lent him, was after employed with Tarif (of v% horn the hill was
called Gebel Tarif, now Gibraltar) who with an Armie of twelue thoufand tooke Se-
uill and after that ouerthrew King /Jo<iifr>f«/, and being enriched withfpcile, wasdif-
pofleflcd thereof by Mufe who'by this ncwes of his fiicccfle was mooued to follow
him into Spaine.as the Spanifh writers'^ (though not altogether agreeing herein) de-
clare, and fubdued the fame in thirtie moneths fpace. When Mffe or^^«-^ departtcd
with Tarif out of Spaine, the Moores there fell into fuch contentions that in twentie
yeares fpace there vvcrc no lefle then fiftcene Kings ; and one of them feiled his throne

in



C H A P.S. A¥KICA. The ftxt (Booke. 60$



inthcbloudof three hundred Competitors, /(rx-w/thcroiine of Muza , and after him
his brother, and nephew, fucceeded each other in his gouernnient , which Elagle^
(that foilocdthcm)turncdintoan independent an free Seignor!e,byocca{ion(as is faid)
oftheChahfa'sleauingDamafco, andremouingthe Scat Royall , orPopedonje,to
Bagdat. This Houfe here ruled a hundred an feuentie yeares , at which time Mahdi an
hereticall Chalifadepriucdthem. Thefe Saracens wanne Sicrliainthofe timejtothe
Cairaoan Dominion. About the foure hundred yearc ofthc Hegira, Elcain w as Chalifa
in Cairaoan, whofe Captaine Gehoar conquered vnto him Barbaric, Numidia , and as
farre as Sus Weft ward : and after being imployed in the Eaft.fubdued eyEgypt and Sy-
ria. He, for fecuring himfelfe and his Armie, built Cairo. Afterthis he fcnt to his Lord
Elcain to come thither in perfon, afluring him, That the Caliphi of Bagdat was not a-
ble to abide his prcfence and puifTance. Elcain liftening to Qeher^ appointed a Lieu-
tenant in Cairaoan, and went to Cairo. But his Lieutenant of Cairaoan rebelled and
oftcred his obedience to the Chalifa of Bagdat who therefore gauc him large priuile-
ges, and made him King of all Africa. £lcAm m thefe ftraits knew not which way tp
turne him, till by counfell ofhis Secretarie he tookc this courfe. The Arabians at thac
time wereexceedinglymultiplied,infomuch,that the Countiy,othcrwifcbarren,could
notfuftaine them and their Cattcll. To thefe hccgaueleaue to pafle into Africa,
paying for eucrie Poll aDuckat , and taking an oath of them to bee enemies to
his Rcbcll. Thefe in [diort time facked Tripolis and Cabis , and , after eight
nior.ethes fiegc , Caiaron,alfo and remained Lords of Africa till Joseph the firft.
King of Marocco, who gaueaideto thekinfmenof that Rcbeil , wanne the Cities
from the Arabians,which Hill kept polTeflion ofthc fields. The Lord of Cairaoan fled
Wcttsvard, and reigned in Bugia and the partes adioyning. and others of his kindred
ruled in Tunis, till the Kings of Marocco fwallowedalljthatCitie being built prefent-
iy after the Arabians had deftroyed this , in the yeare 424. of (their Hegira,
tLsLeo » reckoneth. Cairaoan ^ hath in it an Ancient Temple, and College of Pricfts: ^Lctl.i.
Hither the great men among the Moores and Numidians arc brought to bee buried, ^Suriuscom'
hoping by the prayers of thofc Pricfts to clime to Heauen.For this cauk(BoterMi faith) '"^"^'
chey enter into this Clcie vnfhod, with great rcuerencc.

The Arabians hauc filled Africa with thcmfcluesjthcir Armc$,Artes,and Language,
Arabikc letters as « Postellvs afifirmeth , were borrowed of the Chaldees ,
and firft with Mahomet and his Law beganne to bee called Arabike. Hec <^?'!/^'Wf Or/go
findcthin thefamelknownotwhatCabalifticallMyfteries, yeelding morccertaine
prediftions, then from the Hcauens ox Oradesjand is much ftudied(hc faith) in Tunisj
Marocco and Cairo.

ConccrningtheRcligionofthcfe Africans: in Ancient times, Leo k'nh, That they
worfhipped the Fire and theSunne,asdid thePerfians( ercftingin honour of each of
thefcfaireandSumptuousTempics, in which the Fire was continually kepi burning,
as in the Temple of Vefta at Rome. The Numidians and Libyans facrificed to the
Planets. And fbmc ofthe Negros worOiiped Guighimo , which fignificth the Lord
ofHeauen. Thefeafterward (he faith) wereofthelewifh Religion, and after thatof
theChriftian,tilthe268.yearcofthe W^-jj/^vz, thatfome Negio-Xingdomes became
Mahumctan, although there remaine fomc Chriftians tothiiday: but thofe which
were lewifh, both by the Chriftians and Mahumetans, were vtterly deftroycd. Buc
thofe of Barbaric (whereof we efpecialiy entreat) remained (fayth hee) Idolaters , till
1^0. yesxesbefovc MAhomets birth, when they became Chriftians. Thismuftbec
interpreted ofthe vniuerfal and publike profeffion about the time of ConHafitifif ifot
othcrwife Africke had in itChriftians before. Doroth^Hs in ij/zop/i faith,That SvMetut,
one ofthe 70. Difciples,was aBifhopof Carthage; and that 5<wtf» the Apoftlepre*-
ched in Mauritania, and among the Africans, as Alanhias alfo in ^Ethiopia. But the
Gothes foon corrupted Chnftian Religion with Arrianifme.the fore-runner of .Mahu-
mctanifme, both here and clfewhere. The Moores (faith J another) worshipped luh d Alex ab Akx
asaGod;3ndthef £C»r,r'7rf««/;thc Libyans, Pp^iW. This Pfafhan (^Qi\\tx\\\^z abafe Geisjierie.^J
fellow) had taught birds xoCmo^l'fafhon is Agreat goJ,ind then let them flie into the
Wood$,\\ here chanting their Icftbn, they iiichantedtherudc people with thisfiiper-

ftiiioii.






6o6



Of Tunis and Tr'tpolis.



Chap.8.



b Dom. Niger,
Ferfidi Pmi
proKgrb,



A Suidai.



{Sec Ondiif
farerio.



g P/ia./, j.c.»o.

hSolin.c.li.

Vriuidm,

Murtiit.ddR'to,



i!a.Lc».l,<.



k Nic. \^'.cel-.y

G.Bottcn.
OfTripolis
read T. Sanders



ftition. t/£liaitw » tclleth the likeHiftoric oiAmon a Carthaginian, whofe birds, at li-
bcrtie in the Woods, forgat this their Maftcrs Leffon, The Pceni ^ being (as is faid)
Phceni or PhcEnicians, brought (in all hkcli-hood)thc PhcenicianReligion with them
from thence. Silttu reckoncih one of their damnable Rites like to come thence, of hu-
mane SacriHces.

Mesfnit inpopalii qnes condidit aduena 'Dido,

Pofcere cade i)eos veniam, AC flagrant thus Arif

(InfandHm dtUu) par ho s imponcre nAtos. .

Carthage, t'appeafe the offended Deities,
Was wont to offer humane Sacrifice :
And tender Babes (abhominablc fhame)
Were made the fe well of the Altars flame.

To Saturne (faith "^ Sardm) were humane Sacrifices offered by the Rhodians, Phoe-
nicians, Curetes, and Carthaginians: the S'ijr^; their Colonic ^ , offeredjthe faireft of
their Captiues, and fuch as were aboue threefcore and tenne yeares old, who to fliew
their couragc,laughed; whence grew the Prouerbe,i'</>-</<j«Jw rtfpts : this was done alfo
toSaturne, The Carthaginians, in timeof plague, offered their children to i'tfrwra*,
U'hich Ge/o caufcd them to Icauc. Being ouercome by yigathocles, they facrificcd 200
of the chiefc mens children to Saturne. ClitArchut and others write, cited by Sutdai,
That in their folemne fupplications at Carthage they put a child into the armes of Sa-
turnes Brazen Image , vnder which was fct a Furnace, or Ouen : which being kindled,
the childe being burned, feemed to laugh. This cuttomc might happily bee the occa-
fion ofthatdefperatcafl before Ipokcn of in the deftrucSion of Carthage by the Ro-
mans, fo many perifhing in t/£fcuUpius Temple. Other their Rites are likely to be the
fame with thofc which we haue reported of the Phoenicians , fomcwhat^jerhap* in
time inclining alfo to the Greekifh fuperftition. Their dcuotion to Fenus, the Phoeni-
cian GoddcfTe, AnguJ{ine « mcntioncth in thcfc vioxds,Regnum VtHtrts quale erat Cat-
thagini^vbi nunctfi reg-tum Chrijli ?

f Carthage was called luf^iniana, of/»i?/«/<<«, lunonia of (Jr^^fciWjHadrianopoIis
of HadrtAH, and of Commodtu, Alexandria Commodiana Togata. It was facked this
fecond time ofCapelliattm, Prefident of Mauritania; thirdly, vnder Cjenftrichus, of the
Vandals; fourthly, ofthc Maurufians ; fiftly, of the Pcrfians j fixtly of the Egyptians ;
laftly,oftheMahumetans,

Tripolis of Barbarie (for there is another of that ; name in Syria, fo called, becaufe
the Arcadians, Tyrians, and Sidonians inhabited it) was fo named of three Cities,
whofcColonies planted it, Abratonum, indTophia : and Leptismagna: or as ^ others^
Cefa, or Taphra, or Oea, Sabrada, and Leptis. It was built by the Romans , conque-
red by the Gothes, and after by the Saracens. And after the def^ruilion thereof, the
Africans built a new Tripolis, wherein were many faire Temples, Colledges for Stu-
dents, and Hofpitals. Corneisalway deere, becaufe their Fields are Sand.' It was
fubieft vnto thcKingof Tunis , tilltheKingof Fez carriedaway the King of Tunis
prifoner. At which time the Genouefe Fleet of twentiefailetooke Tripolis, and fold
ittotheFezan for fiftie thoufand Duckats. But the Kings ofTunisrecouercd it af-
ter. Z<»(rA4>"/<M being King playec the Tyrant, and therefore was expelled, andaccr-
taine Citizen was aduanced to the Throne; who at firft gouerned modeftly , but dcdi-
ningtoTyranniewasmurthered :And a Courtier ofPrincc^^«^.««r, who had made
himfclfe an Hercmite, was forced to be their King, who ruled Tripolis, till Ferdmando
{cniTfterTylauArre who came thither in the cucning, and thcnextday tookeit: and
the King remained captiuc, till Charles thcfift freed him. Charles gaucthe Citie to the
Knights of Maltaj whom thcTurkes'^ difpoiicfTcd by icrcc, ^unn 15 j i. and there
haue toherBcglcrbcg or Vicc-roy to this day. This was one and fortie yeares after
Nauarre had taken it.

The Kings ofTunis liucd in great delicacic among their svomcn , Muficians, Play-
er;, and Tuch Hke, committing the gouernment to the C^.iHttAf.d, o: high Steward, and
other Officers, When hcc c»; - f'^r a Mufician, hcckbro 'f*^*-'" he od- winked like ar

Hawke.



CHAP.p; AFRICA, rhefixfEdoke, go/

HawkcThe inhabitantJ aire exceeding prodigal! in perfume ?.Tliey haiie a cbmpound

called a Lhafis,ont ounce whereof being eaten, caulcth laughing daliiancfe,and makes » zhafs.

one as it wercdrunken,3nd maruelloufly prouoketh toluft.In theKingdomc of Tunis

is placed the Lake Tritonia,where Mwerua is faid to haue {hewed her iclfc the inucn-

tcr of Spinning and of Oyle and therefore worftiipped,

Ezzab is the moft Eafterly parte of the Tunetan Kingdomc, the thiefe Prouinca
whereofis Mefrata. The inhabitants are rich.and pay no tribute. There grow Dates
andOIiue^, and they traffique with tlieNumidians, to whom they carric the wares
which they buy of the Venetians. The Great Turkc fwayeth with bis OnemanSccp-
ter,3t this piefent, this Kingdomc of Tunis, and all Africa , from 'Bcllu de Gomera to ' ■ .

the Rcdde Sea (except that little which the Spaniard hath.) At this day they ^ arc Ma- ^ li»l'i*
humetan.and haue beenc about thefe nine hundred yearcs paft,from the time oilJuc-
ba. The inhabitants of the Cities differ much from the Mountainers and ruder Ril-
ftickes.For they are ftudious.efpccially in matters of their law, as in times paftthejr
were alfo in Philofophic and the Mathcmancks.But thefe laft fine hundred years their
Princes & Doctors haue prohibited many fciences, as Aftrologic & Philofophic: ac-
cording to the Mahumetan cuftom they vfc much wafhing and reforting to the Tem-
ples.they are very faithful! in their promifes,and exceeding jealous. They go through
the world as Merchants.and In many places are entertainedas Readers & Mafters indi-
uers fciences,& arc well efleemcd in Egypt,Ethiopi3,Arabia,Pcr(ia,Indi3,Turky.Th6
yonger fort yeeld much reuerence to their Elders and Parents : and will not hold dif-
courfc of Icue or fing louc-fongs in their prefence. But thefe Citizens are very proud6
and reuengefull.The Lords eftcemt more of their beafts.thcn of the common people.
The Country-people in the fields and mountains liuc hardly in labour and want.They
arc beafiIy,thceuifh,ignorant,vnfaithfull. Their women,beforc they be married,may
liuc as wamonly.as they lift : yca.thc father maketh hatefull louc to the daughter, and
the brother is 'vnlouely louing to the fifter. The Numidians are ttaiterous,homicides, c J'v/ipalit
theeues,andforreward,willdcc anything. Such alfo are the Libyans; without any Uu^if.Bmf,
kindc of Letters,Faith,orLaw,withoutHeauen or Earth ;liuing(ifthat may be called Ep.
a life) like wilde bcafts, for ignorance ; like Diuels/or wickednes ; like Dogs, for po-
uertic. ThefcthingsreportcthLraof thcm,wholiucdamongthem: which maypro-
iiokc vs to thankfulncs to that Great God, who hath giuen vs fuch abundance for bo-
^y and foule,ih things ptefent and future, temporall and cternall.




C H A r. I X.

of the Kingdomes ofTremifcn, Algier^andotherflaces^mncientij
ctlled MauriUfjisCxfirienJis.

a ^^^^ Hc Kingdomc of Telcnfin or Tremifcn, ' beginning Wcftward from

theRiuerofZhaandMuluia;Eaftward, itbordcrcthonthcGr-M/^r- "r/". „f*
w^r; Southward, vpon the defart ofNumidia; and Northward, vpon pomNkcr.
the MediterranSea.lt was by the Romans called Mauritanta Cxfari- stub^l.n.
*»/?J:thenamc came of the Inhabitants called Mauri. & of the Greeks,
MatpBtr/oi: fome fay fofthcir colour, becaufc it is obfcure and darkc. • , -
They were fuppofed to come hither firft with Hfrf«/« out of India, More likely it is f Mat/f©-
that they sdefcendedof/'A»r,ihcfonnc of CA<j»»,(Jf«.io.6. Pl/me mentions a Riuer "^/f"""-
named Fut.in thefe part$,defccnding from t^tlas. 5/?/;/i?faith ^ they came with Her- f„^pp^.,'^/"'*
c«/«/,who being dead inSpaine as the Africans report , his Armie being gathered of r'cmi&iun,
many Nations, was diuerflydiuided. The Medes , Armenians and Perfians of that h SalulLbelU*
number, failed into Africa, of which the Perfians dwelt necrethe Sea, their Shippes Ii^gurth,
vvith the Kceles turned vpwards feruing them for houfcs, and mixed thcmfelucs
withtheGetulj,entitlingthemfelues Numidians. The Libyans adioyned themfelues
to the Armenians, and to the Medi, whome by corruption oflanguagc they called
Mauri. Thefe Getulians and Libyans, hee faith were before very rude, wandering vp
wd down without law of ciuility,liuipg like bcafts, lying and feeding on the ground .-

vvbich



^o8



tafA.

n Ortd.Tbe-

faur,

Corntl. Tacit.
hiftJ.z.
p viclm-.Vtr-
fecutienisl.^.
q Plm.lib.^.

1 c<e[ar.Co»im
de belle ciuHi
AfricMoltb.-;.
Orafiml 6 c.lft

f Prncnp.de

beUi>Perfico&

yundilicoj.n.



Of the Kjn^domes of Tremifen, Jitter ^<[^c. Chap,^,

wW\chttR\mon\co(Salufi,Mela\n\\kc wordes confirmeth. But ofthefe and othet
African pcoplc,let them which pleafc learne of that Author, and of fuch as hauc writ*
ten Notes vpon him,as GrnterM^GUreanos, Riums, Ciaccenius, Pntfchms, and others.
VitruvtHs n^ namcth Mauritania, Maurufia. OrttliHS"^ teftifieth, That inauncient
coines it is read Mauritania, and fo " Tacttui readeth. Ptolemey diuidcth it into Mah-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 119 of 181)