Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 120 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 120 of 181)
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ritania Cdfarienfis, which P t^tEhor Vticenfs calleth t^aior, and Tingitania. q PltKj a-
fcribes thlsdrnfionto C4ligu/a',DieK,toClaHdtui Cafar: ofwhomit was firnamcd
C<«y"<ir«f«/jofthc mother CiticCatfarea.whercheplanted a Romane Colonie, before
called lol, theRoyallfeateofy«^^,a man famous, for that hcefirft raignedouerboth
thefe Mauritania's, but more famous for his learning, wherby he ftill liueth in the lear-
ned monuments oiPlmy and others ; author of much of our African reports. He in his
childehood was led in triumph at Rome ; his father ■■ Inha^iht fuccefforof Secfewi, had
before flainehimfelfe m the ciuill ^^nzs.tyiuguflw reHorcd him to his fathersKing-
dome,to which he left his fonne P/o/ifWf^.borne of the daughter oiAntonitts and Clec-
fatra,Vi^om CaltgHla flew,and then diuidcd Mauritania into two Prouincci, whereof
this is cal]ed,as is (aid,C4:/4r;if»//j of the Colony of (Claudius C^far, That which Pr»-
copiM f hath written of the originall ofthefe Maurufif.zs he terincs them, although in
our firft bookc mentioned jherc alfo may feemc to dcfcrue Relation. When Ic/Jwa or
Ief»s,\.\\t fonne oiNunox ;V^«*,had inuaded the land otCauaan.the people fleddc in-
to E^yp^and there multiplying, pierced into Africa, repknirtiing with people all that
coaftjVnto the Pillars of HercuUs,\Cmg a fcmi.phjnician diakit.For all the Sea-coaft
from Sidon to Egypt.was aunciently called Phjcnicia. They built the towne Tinge ia
Numidia,where they crefted two pillars of white ftonc necre a great fountaine.whet-
in was ingrauen in Phxnician letters,*^* flee from the face cflefus the Theefe, theftunc
of Naue. Thefe arc fuppofed the firft Inhabitants of Africa, and for that caufe Anuus
their King, which cncouiitrediu fingle combate with Hercules, was faid to be the
fonne of the earth. Afterwards, when the Phatnicians came hither with Dido, they
were here rcceiucd for kindreds fake, and permitted to build Carthage; which after
grew fo mightie, that it fubducd and expelled the AfaHrufy themfclues. The Romanes
made the Caithaginians,and other Africans Tributaries, and caufedthe MAurupj to
inhabitethefurtheftpartsofAfrica;butinproce(Teoftimc,they,obtayning manyvi-
(ftories againft the Vandals, feated themfelues in Mauritania , till luHtman remooued
them. Thus f^ut Precopius .P atltts X);<«ro»«Jt recordeth alfo the fame Hiiloty, failing
that he faith the Egyptians would not receiuc them, and therefore they palled into A-
frica. The Maurufij in the time oflnftiman were deUroyed.and captiued in fuch mul-
ticudes=thataMauru(ianflaucwasvalucdbutatthe price ofa flieepe. The author of
this was Salamonfin Eunuch.according to a prophecie which they had amongft them,
that one without a beard fhould deflroy them. But captiuity could not much cmpaire
their happineflcjwhofe very freedomc was miferie. "Forthcy liued in fmall bafccot-
tages.expofedto the Summer funnes,and Winter fnows, flccping (except a few of the
better fort) on the bare ground, al way wearinlg the fame garinent,howfocuer the fea-
foii dift"ered,and that tome and ragged : wanting bread and all other neceflaries, nci-
faith that they ^^^j. g^jj^jii^g ngj. boyling that corne they had. Thus miierable were their bodies, and
were o e. ^(,^1^ foules more. Forthey hadneyther/«'4nr«/f/fl/i/,Horrf«er*««»//I/^«,norrcfpC(3
ofpledge,nor regard ofoath,nor peace with any , but where feare conftrainedthcm.
They had their women Prophetcfles, which diumed by their facrinces ; a thing vnlaw-
fuU for their men to attempt. Of the numbers of their wiues they bragged , that* the
Chriftians which had but one wife,might feare the lofle of their children, they which
might hauc fiftie wiues need not mifdoubt iflue and pofterity. And yet they were by
many wars brought to fmall numbers,and a few tribes or familics.yL« faith that after
the Romans were expelled.the ancient gouernors called Beni Hchdalguad of the fami-
ly of A/ii'^r<»«4rcpoflcffed thefe partes; who were after difpoffeflcd by ghamraz,eii,
fon of Z<r j^*«, whofe pofteritie raigncd heere almoft 3 8o.y cares. But they were much
vexed by the Kings of Feffc and Tunis. It was in later times called the kingdom of Te-
Ienfin,orofTremifen,ftrctching in length from Eaft to Welt jSo.miles, in bredthnot
abouc fiuc and twcntic.Thc Kings could ncuci fatisfie theNumidians couetifc,whofc


t P.iulin'tHt-

u Trocop.
tidem CaUits


and fought
Bceing and re-
turning vpoa
like as we rea J
of theParthi-

X ItSfiftold
td Sdomonem.
y Leo.l-^,

C H A p.p. AFRICA. The ftxt 'Booke, 60^

fricndfliip they baue with great coft fought. It hatfi two frequented Hauen-Tovvnes,
Oram and Mcrfalcabir,both taken and holdcn by the Spaniards. They were takcnin
thetimcofF«-ij»WoKingofSpaine; for which caufe a.^ i-Kchemmeu the TeknGn
King was expelled by his ownc fubied1s,andyf^«=:.fy<f« placed in his roome, which hcc
could fcarcely warm beforehc was flain by Barharup the Turkc, w ho conquered this
Kin^dome. ^But yibuciemmeuCoughtio C/7-»r/«thefiftforayde,by whofchelpehc ^ Annual';.
reco^uered his Kingdome, and payed a tribute to the Empcrour. But Habdulla his fuc-
ceflbr detained the tribute,and fubmittcd himfelfe vnto Soltrndn the great Turkc. AU
qior remained to BarbArujfa.

This «5-<rt4r*t/4 or B4r^^r<>i74 was a meanc fellow of bafc condition, who in hi J « Mun^caf.
youth fold cheefes in Spaine for his liuing.and by his induftrie attained togreatmat- «''2''*-^-
ters.Thcre were fofthcm two brethrcn,borne at Mytilenc in Lesbos, theirmother a f Kti>llip-£$1,
Chriftian,thcir father a rcncgate Grecian, H<??««w^4r^<»r«/4, and this Hariadentu
Barbarhjfd. They firft ftole a Galliot.and fo committing themfekics to Sea, by Piracy
vnderC«i»-r/?/,aTurkifliPirate,theygrcw rich: and from one Gaily, cametohauea
Nauic of their owne, with which they fcoured the coafts of Barbaric. At the fame time
t two brethren contended for the Kingdom of Algicr lonc of whom tequefted ayde of f SurpComm.
H«r«o«^,whofo helped him againft his brother,that he helped himfeUe to the King- j! f,^"*!,! "f ^'
dome,by the murther ofthc King his Patron and allie.which he did not long cnioy be- * '^'^

jng taken and flaine of the Spaniards, and his head fent into Spaine. But his brofhet
HariadsHw fucceeding him, became mightic both by Scaand Land , to the great da-
mage both of the Moors & Chriftians : and Solimm moued by his tame, fent for him,
and made him AdmirallofallrhcTurkifh Seas, and Sea forces, vnder whom he grew
drcadfullnot to thele parts of Barbary alone, which he fubiecled to the Turke , but to
thofe countries of Chriftendom which arc wafhed with the Mediterran.-euenRome it
felf quakingforfcarc ofa fecond Hannibalytho after fo many ages (Tiould by fea from
Africa aucnge the angry ghoft of old Canhage.In the yeare 1 5 3 8 .the Pope, Emperor
and Venetians, had with ioynt forces fet forth a Nauy of abouc two hundred & fiftic
faylc againft him .but by mutuall difcords (the wonted aduahtage ofthc Turks againft
the ChrirtianSjthey made themfelues both fport and fpcile to this Turkifli Pirate. The
fea could no longer endure the fucceflc of this Barbarian , but mad to fee the Chriiii-
ansvnchriftian madnes,& vnwillingtofubmithisproudcwaues to the bafe thraldom
of this bafe Turke, fwelling with indignation, confpired with the neighbour clement.
V/hich pretended equallquarrell for fo often darkening his light, and poyfoning his
breath with thofe hcllifhfmokcs, and for vfifrping thole thunders, which had wont to
be the airy priuilcdge of his middle Regions: thefe both agreed in their difagrccing
witli tcmpeftuous fury to fpoyle the fpoylers : the winds from the Acrdceraunian hils,
and the fcas on the Dalmatian ftiorc, fo girt in the Turkcs , with their equall vnequalj
liege, that twcntie thoufand of them were captiued and fliut Vp in 'Hff tunes prifons, to
become food to his Family; and the new Conqijerourson eucryfliorc, made their
markets of Turkifli commodities, and by wrackcs teflified to the earth, that they had
wrecked themfelues on her and their enemies. And yet did Barbart/Jfa recouer him,
felfe b V new forccs.and hauing wonne Rhegium, came to Ollia, where he rode three
dsyes- the Romanes trembling nieane while, and ready to Icauc, Saint /"^^r alone to
/off;^/? owAthe Turkcs ifthcy came. So much more fortunate werchisproceedings,then ,
of iyj/i^^/<j,whointhefightnLcpanto,loahi>nfeand Nauic, whereof i" eightic fortiefunke
fellto the Seas fhare, and an hundred and thirtie faile to "Den /oA» and hispariners; anhundrcd'
thegreatcft blow that euer the Turke at Sea rcceiucd, and had the grcatcft ' H»mer to tlireeicorc and
fingit. But me thinkcs I feeIcfomcC;»/4/«f pulling rne by the care, and asking if the oneGaJlies.
Pirats haue robbed me ofmy Religion,t\\c moll proper fubicdl of my Diicoutfe.True- j""*^ fiitieGal-
ly that irreligious cruc^ while they feeke to wiunc other things, care not tolofethat. p^g gg '
Kut this Algicr hauing beene of olde,and (till continuing a receptacle ofTurkilhRo. M'tchacl jfjl-lt,
uers,couldnotbcpafledouer,cfpccially in thefe Piraticall times, without iomcobfer-^n.i^jt
uation,bcing alfo the gate whereby theTurkifli forces firft entred into Barbary. lohh 'King7^w«
''L<'«.writethahttleotherwife6fBrfr^rf/-f#and Algier. ^^11^^°^'^ °^

JheMoorcs call this Ci tic Gezcir, the Spaniards Algier: andofoldc was called kulc^u.


<5 1 o Of the Kjngdomes ofTremiferuJlgier^o^c. Chap,^ ,

1 IthatVinow MefganaoftbatAfiican family which founded it. It contayneth' about fourc thou-
cighuethou- fand families : the buildings very fumptuous ; Innes,Bath-f}ones, and Templesverv
fand peifons, beautifull : cucty occupation hath a feucrall place by it hath adioy nine Plaines
as BoteTM afiir- ^^^.y p]<.afant ^^d fcrtilc,one whereof is fiue and fortie miles long, and almoft thirtie
^" '• broad. For many yeares it was fubiefl to the Kingdome of Telcnfin : but hearing that

Bugiawasgouernedby aKingitheyfubmittedthemfelucs to him, paying him a tri-
bute, otherwife in manner free. Then did they build themfelucs Callies,and molcfled
with Piracies theSpanifh Hands ofMaiorica,Minorica,and leuiza. Ferdtuando there-
fore prouided an Armada againfl: them, and built a Fort within fhot oftheTowne:
' whereupon they requefted peace,and promifed tribute. But Barharujftt, w hen FerdU

nanda was dead,was fent for by the Citizens,and made Captaine oucr all their forces.
He foonc after murthered Setim Etteumi an Arabian Prince, which had beene created
Goucrnour of Algier.when Tugia wai taken by the Spaniards: and pofleflcd himfclfe
of the Gouernement,and there coined money^calling himfclfe King ; the neighboring
people yeeldinghim obedience and tribute. This was the beginning of Barhamjfat
grcatnefle: and at the moft part hereofLfo was prefent.and lodged in his houfe which
had beene Embafladourfrom Algier to Spaine , from whence he had brought three
thoufand bookes written in A'rabike. And whiles I was at Tunis, 1 heard that Barhii.
m This was nifawis flaincatTelenfin,andhis brother™ Cairadwfucceeded.U was tolde me alfo
Haiiadenxhc thaf the Emperor Charles the fift had fent two armies to furprifc Algier,thefirft wher.
Turkifli Admi- ^f ^^gs dcflroyed in the Plaine,the fecond flaine, and made flaues by Barlraruft, in the
nWi^r/iW- yearcoftheH*|/r4 92a. Thus farre Lr». In the yeare i54i.nCi^y/„himfdfewidi
nondehic ex- his Impcriall Naaie pafled the Seas, to like both purpofe and effcft , more ouercom-
ftdtt. minghimfelfc in the patient bearing his lofles, then his enemies whomhee foughtto

SiirijComm.m aflaile. He wa-moued to this Expedition by the complaints of hisfubie(9s, o^ainft
Ann.isni. jj^j Turkifh Pyrats, which vnder i^fanaao, 'Barharujfas Lieutenant, infcfted aUhofe
Seas . But the tempelluous weather both at Land and Sea difappointcd him,and after
the lofle of many, both Men and Ships, was forced to rcturnc, and to makeroomefor
hisSouldicrs,caufed his Horfes (their gallant brccdc notwithftanding) to bee caft
« Alg\% defc. Thus dcth Algier » ftill continue a finkc of Pyrats ; and now, faith Maginut^t}iex<t
by his arc in it not many Icfle then fiue and t wentie thoufand Chriftian flaues, which in likc-
em.OrbJer. lihood at this time arc encreafed. Tripoliis alfoafeatcofa Turkifli Viccr-yorBtg-
lcrbcg,andofTurklfhRouers. In theKingdoincof Telcnfin is the defart ofAn"ad,
wherein are ftorc ofRocs,Deerc,and Oflriches, Arabian Thceues and Lions. ThcCa*
ftleoflzli was fomctimettored with Inhabitants^andflately walled. was in-
habited with religious perfons, much rcuerenced by theKingsof Telen(in,3ndthe
ArabanSjwhich giue free entertaincment for three dayes vnto all trauellers. A little off
runneth a Riuer,out of which they water their fields, which elfe would yceld them no
fruit. G«<»^;</<« betwixt two ftooles had vnquict fitting, paying tribute both to the
Kings ofTelenfin,and the hx^h\in^.'i<[ed Rom* was built by the Rom3n?,as the name
teftifieth/or 7S(*i:ifignifieth like; and like it was, if Hiftoriographers faile not, vnto
Rome. Here and at Tebecrit dwelt great ftore of Weauers. Harefgol vii% fomctime
famouSjbut being defttoyed by a King and Patriarch of Cairaoan,it bequeathed as it
feemeth the grcatnefle thereof to Telenfin,which after grew in renowne. This townc
giues name to this Kingdome, When ABh Tesfin reigned , it had in it fixtecne thou-
fand families, lofeph King of Fcflc befieged it feuen yeares together, and almoft fami-
flied them: but he being flaine by trcafon, they found viftuals enough in their ene-
mies Campc (which they aflailcd and fpoyled) for their reliefe. Fortie years after ^4-
^w/^f/f«KingofFez , after thirtie moneths fiegctookeit, and beheaded their King.
Here are many and beautiful Templcs,hauing their Mahumetan Priefts and Preachers.
Likewii'e here are fiue Colledges moft fumptuoufly built by the Kings of Tclenfin and
Fcfle,curioufly wrought with Mufaikcworke, for the Arabian Mufes and Students,
, which haue their maintenance there. Their Bathes and Innes I omit. A great part of

this Citie is inhabited with Iewes,di(tinguiflied by their yellow Turbants from theo-
ShcrCitizensjWhich being very rich Jn the yeare ofthe//fjw<i$!3 3. wcrerobbedand


C H A p.p. AFRICA. The pxt 'Booke, dli

brought to bcggery. The Turkes •» arc now Lords thereof, bctwcenc whom and ^ g. ^^^ j^^:
CA-«r/<rnhe fift.who had vndertakcn their protc(aion,thc Citie is much al-
(o by the warres betwixt the SerifFe and the Turke. Bar^Arofa fubiedled it. Batha is a
great Citie,or rather was fuch: now ruined by warres. Not farrc hence in LwVtime
kept a famous Heremit,much eftcemed for his holinet: who in fhort time grew fo rich
in horfes and other cattell.that none in that Region were comparable to him. He paid
nothing, nor any of his to the King, or to the Arabians, becaufcthey fuppofedhima
Saint. I was told by his difciples (faith L«) that the tenth of his come is eight thou-
fand buflicls a yeare. ' He hath fiue hundred Horfes and Mares,ren thoufand fmall cat- ^ ^ rich Kc
tell.and two thoufand Oxen, bcfides that, hehathyearely fenthim from diuers parts rcmitc.
of the world, of almes and offering, betweene foure thoufai%d and fiue thoufand duc-
kat$. His fame is'fpredouer Afia and Africa,his difciples are fiue hundred.which dwell
with him, and liue at his charge, to whom he enioyncth neither penance not labour,
but to readc ordinary prayers : and giucs them fome names of God to obferue in their
praicrs, which they are to mumble fo many times a day :for which caufc multitudes re-
fort to him to be his difciples, which after fuch inftrudtion he fends home againe. He
hath an hundred Tents, fome for ftrangers, fome for fhepheards, and others for his fa-
mily. This good and iuftyHcrcmit hath foure wiucs, and many flaues, and by them
many fonnes and daughters gallantly attired. His children alfo hauc wiucs and chil-
dren, in fo much that the whole family of this Hcremitc and his fonnes exceedefiuc
hundred. He is honoured ofthe Arabians,and the King ofTelenfin is afraid of him.I,
being dcfirous to know him,was entertained of him three dayes, and fuppcd with him
euery night in fecrct roomes,where he fhcwcd me among other things.books ofMa-
oicke and Alchimy : and would haueproued to me that Magicke was a true Science,
whereby I thought him to be a Magician, becaufc I faw him fo much honoured, and
yet vfed neyther fayings nor doings,bui thofc inuocations ofGod by certainc names,

Oran is fubiedt ^ to Spaine,taken of 'Peter T<(aMarre, 1 509. It hath ten thoufand fa- ^ g^^^^
milies.The Turkes in vaineaflaulted \x.,An.j 563. Their Piracies procured this Spanish
thrsldome : vnto which Merfalcabir,a moft famous alfo fubiedt.

Tcgdcmt « is as the Arabian name fignifieth.ancient. It fometime was famous & a- ^ TeidtmU
bounded with men oflearning and Poets But he which would further be informed of
the Cities of this Kingdom,let him read Leo.1\\e people of Brefch vfc to paint a black
trofle on their checke,and another vpon thepalme of their hand.The fame is obfcrued
of diuers otherSjwhich yet know not the rcafontherof,beingMahumetans. The ftory
faiihjthat the Gothes inuading and ruling thefe parts, proclaimed freedome from tri-
bute to all fuch as would become Chriftians , a badge of which Chtiftianity was this
croflcjftill kept, now their Religion is loft.

Concerning their marriages in thefe parts.we readc ^ that the bride is carried not on f cntichef.Mi-'
herfeetebut m the armesoftwo young mcn,with her eyes clofed,and being married, fiigeiic.P.G.
is in like fort without ftirring her eyes or feet , to the bridegroomes houfc : where flice
enters firft with the right foote, in token ofprofperity (the left foote firft touching
ground.would portend finifterfucceflc, as proceeding from a certainc conftcllation
and ineuitabledeflinie) with mufickeflie is entertained andconueycd to the bridc-
chamber.where flie fits downe as lakingpoffcffion of her houfc, all the other women
flanding about her : after which flic is Icdde with great pompe by women to the Hall,
themenaccompanying the bride groome to another roome. The bride is fetonat
bedde couered with a white veyle,thc women flanding by, & many gifts and prefents
are offered to her : two vyomen being her inftru<5ler8 in the rites and ceremonies which
fhe is to oblcruccallcd whom the bride giueth the money which is offe-
red. The men which offer.if they be of neerc kinne,may vpon requeft fee her face, her
eyes fiill dofed. Neyther may flic fpeake, but by thofc Magita is (hiftcd and gallantly
adotned.and brought to banquet with the women. They hauc a dinner and afupper,
furniflied with exceeding varietic of diflics, of honey and raifonsdiuerfly compoun-
ded : their flefli is not tafted before oyle be powrcd on it. There arc neerc as many
pots boyling,asgucfts,andmuchfuperftition is obfcrued inkillingthcirflcfh towards

G g g the


Of the K^n^hme of Pejp^zsrc.

Chap. 10.

the funne with pronouncing cercaine wordes, or clfe all iscaft on the dung-hill. The
bride being conueyed to bedde.may not fignific any griefe for fmart or loflc there fu-
ftained. The next morningbeforcday,the husband rifcth, not faluting his wife, and
taking a pot for water.and a veflell for meate, at his rcturne beats vpon the dore with
a ftonc many times,till fhe (then firft) fpeakes to him, and ordering the faid meate and
watcr.begins to looke to her houfhoId-charge.The Magita prefently come and con-
gratulate her laft nights dalliance.and defire iflue therof : and then cut her hairc hang-
ing downe on her backe,euen with her neckc, that it fhould not hinder her husbands

The gouernmcnt of thefc partes, is as is faid.Turkifh. The BegUrbeg hath chiefc title
but the Dmano hath chiefc power of iudgements and iurifdiiftion.The Cerafin or Cap-
taineofthelanizaricSjbeing in many matters as great as the "Beg/erhg. TheBcgler-
bcgs of Algier and Tunes make their principall profits of their places (which they hold
jhree yeares,hauing firft bought them at a dearc rate ) by their Piracies , which with
ioyntconfentiheyexercifeon thcfeSeasjal! in manner being fifli that comes to Net
iftheymeete them conucnientlynotwithftanding any league, or peace holden with
the Grand Signor.They alfo giue entertainement to fuch Pirats of other places, a$ re.
fort to thcm.eycher to fell their ill-gotten goods, or to ioyne their ftrength with them.
As oflates2)rf»j/;/r and /r/jru/ifhauebeene famous in this infamie;the firft, after his
feruice with them and for them,receiuing his reward, by them fuddenly killed at Tu-
nes (where he was knownc notwithftanding his difguiling himfelfe, with purpofe to
haue ("urprifed their Fleet) : the other (a fhame to our countrey.of which he was) grew
fo rich by h's Piracies.that he fhewed at one time to(thc Author of thefe reports) John
Fouitejfez baggeof lewels, contayningalmofthalfeabufhell, befideshis other pur-
chafes : And at laft,that the end might manifeft the wickcdnefle of thefe proceeding's
1" he became an Apoftata and Renegado from his faith ; and foone after died at Tunes t
leaumg his goods (for his goodncffe he had left before) vnto theTurkes,his body vn-
to a forren fepulchre,and his foule ; let Pirats and Robbers (if they thinke they haue a-
ny foule) fay whither.

Algier was by Barbaruffa fubiefled to the Turke,about theyeSrc ij 7^. Tunes Ah.

1 574.three and twcntseyears after that TripoHjinBarbariejanother cage oflikebirds
and feat of a B<ff/*»-^^^, was taken from the Knights of Malta by StnanB*ffa. Thefe
Kingdomes the Turke hath in Africa, bcfides the great Knigdome ofEgypt, and what
he hath taken from Prefer loin.

In Egypt 'are faid to be an hundred thoufand Timariots^oi horfe-mens fees,whicfi
for that tenure of their land, without any charge to the Great Turkc,are to ferue
where it pleafeth him to employ them. In this Kingdomc of Algier are fortic

g Pirats: of
thefe two Pi-
rats there is a
tife,fct forth

h ManyEs^-
li^] Chrijlians
vnworthy ei-
ther of ihefc
from that faith
(which they
ncuerhad, but
in profcflfion)
to profcfle
(for hell) Tur«
i Ku»lls^

k P/0/./.4.C.1.

1 Pliny calls

m Vdm Nig.
/(ph. Com,'.
n Gi Bot.Bsn,

O Pillt.l.^.Ci.

Chat. X.
of the Kifi^deme efFejfe^part e/MauritAnk TingiUna.

^.Auritania Tingitana (fo called of 7l(»^//,nowTanger, at the mouth of
* the Streits) is by Ptolemey ^ bounded on the Weft, with the Wefterne
or Atlantikc; on the North,with the Mcditerran fcas ; on the Eaft,with
the riuer ' Muluia orMalua,which diuideth it from Cafarienfis •,on\!at
South, with the inner Nations of Libya. Niger >" faith,it was after cal-
kd Seti»(»/isyofthe Citic Setia : more truely , Sittfhmfts, of Sitiphis,
which Procepifu faith was the mother Citie of Tingitana.In this Prouincc are now the
Famous Kingdomes of Fez and Marocco." The ancient Inhabitants befidc- the Man-
rufij (of which we haue fi'.oken) were ° the MaJfdfali,AHteMes,Bamurri,3ndihe Ge-
tuhans which liuedheere,and in other parts ofAfric3,as the Tartars do in Afi3,and the
Arabians in Africa.remouing their dwellings (iftent-wandrings may be fo called) as
their paftures faile them. So iW/w v^riteth of them ;


C J? A p,i o. AFRICA. Thefixt 'Booke.


^l^lUdomM^flau^rii hdbitttnt.fnigrareftrarHA
Mos^ati^^enantts circttmH(Qttrt Penates.

Houfe they haiie none ; but wandring ftill in Waincs,
They cart their houfiiold-gods about the Plaines.

The Wcfterly point ofMauritaniaP«w|»#i««<bcgi(ineth at the Proniontpry, called
ef their ftorc oiY\t\cs,jimfelHfta,% now Cah de Captero^zs Oltuarim affirmeth. In it
was a caue facred to HercH/eJ,and beyond the iame,Tingi,fuppofed to be built by vin-
rrfw.forproofewhereoftheyfhcw his Target made of an Elephants hide, too huge
snd vnvvealdic for any man oflatcr times.and holden in great veneration. Next to this
Tingi (which gaue name tjo the countrey,after by Ciaudtw Cicf4r, who fent a Colony
thither,called TraduHa hilia)wzs a high mountain called Abyl3,to which on the Spa-
nifli coalt was oppofed Calpe,which two hils bare the name oCHercnles piilai y. Her.
eules himfelfe (if we bcleeue fabulous antiquity ) making there a paffagc to the Ocean
and Mediterran feas,for mutuall view and entertainment. They are now called, Seuta
on that Iide,and Gibraltaron this.A little hence was lulta Cotjpamta,z Colony oiAit-

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 120 of 181)